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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336127/popularity-and-harms-of-aural-foreign-bodies-a-descriptive-study-of-patients-in-baqiyatallah-university-hospital-tehran-iran
#1
Abolfazl Taheri, Sina Navaei Mehmandari, Mojtaba Shahidi, Hamidreza Mehdizadeh, Seyyed Mohammad Javad Mirlohi, Nasrin Mohammadi Aref, Mahsa Alborzi Avanaki, Mohammad Hossein Khosravi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of external ear complications among Iranian aural foreign body users attending to otolaryngology clinic of our hospital. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study patients attending to Otolaryngology clinics of Baqiyatallah hospital were enrolled regardless of their age, gender and reason of attending. Patients between 15 and 60 years of age were included in the present study. Those with positive history of chronic ear diseases, ear surgery, congenital ear disorders, trauma to ear or head and neck region or shock wave trauma were excluded from the study...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330988/microbiological-profile-from-middle-ear-and-nasopharynx-in-patients-suffering-from-chronic-active-mucosal-otitis-media
#2
Shahid Farooq Khattak, Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Adil Aleem, Muhammad Farooq, Kanwal Nadeem
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media is described as a tympanic membrane perforation and ear discharge for more than six weeks duration. Ascending infection from the nasopharynx into the middle ear cleft has been attributed to prevent resolution of chronic otitis media. This research aims to determine the association between the microbiological flora of the nasopharynx with that of the middle ear in patients suffering from chronic (active) mucosal otitis media.. METHODS: Our study is a hospital-based cross-sectional survey...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282128/improving-learning-and-confidence-through-small-group-structured-otoscopy-teaching-a-prospective-interventional-study
#3
Peng You, Saad Chahine, Murad Husein
BACKGROUND: Otologic diseases are common and associated with significant health care costs. While accurate diagnosis relies on physical exam, existing studies have highlighted a lack of comfort among trainees with regards to otoscopy. As such, dedicated otoscopy teaching time was incorporated into the undergraduate medical curriculum in the form of a small group teaching session. In this study, we aimed to examine the effect of a small-group, structured teaching session on medical students' confidence with and learning of otoscopic examination...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241231/influence-of-repetitive-diving-in-freshwater-on-pressure-equalization-and-eustachian-tube-function-in-recreational-scuba-divers
#4
Stefanie Jansen, Manuela Boor, Moritz F Meyer, Eberhard D Pracht, Ruth Volland, Heinz D Klünter, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner, Maria Grosheva
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the effect of repetitive pressure exposure during freshwater dives on Eustachian tube function and the middle ear, assessed by the Eustachian tube function test (ETFT). METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study included 23 divers over three consecutive days of diving in freshwater lakes in Nordhausen, Germany. Participants underwent otoscopy and ETFT before the first dive, between each dive and after the last dive. ETFT included regular tympanometry (R-tymp), tympanometry after Valsalva (V-tymp) and after swallowing (S-tymp)...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241230/influence-of-repetitive-diving-in-saltwater-on-pressure-equalization-and-eustachian-tube-function-in-recreational-scuba-divers
#5
Moritz F Meyer, Manuela Boor, Stefanie Jansen, Eberhard D Pracht, Moritz Felsch, Heinz D Klünter, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner, Maria Grosheva
INTRODUCTION: We investigated in a prospective, observational trial the feasibility of using the Eustachian tube function test (ETFT) to measure the effect of repetitive pressure exposure during open seawater dives on Eustachian tube function. METHODS: The study included 28 adult divers during six consecutive days of diving in the Red Sea. Participants underwent otoscopy and ETFT before the first dive, between each dive and after the last dive. ETFT included regular tympanometry (R-tymp), tympanometry after Valsalva (V-tymp) and after swallowing (S-tymp)...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224754/prevalence-of-chronic-ear-disease-among-hiv-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
David C Ianacone, Alden F Smith, Margaretha L Casselbrant, Robbert J H Ensink, Farrel Buchinsky, Abebe Melaku, Glenn Isaacson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of chronic ear disease in HIV+, highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART)-treated children and compare this to the prevalence in healthy children of similar age living in a similar setting. INTRODUCTION: From previous clinical work in Ethiopia, we suspected that chronic middle ear disease was common both in the general pediatric population and especially among children with HIV/AIDS. Few studies have examined the prevalence of chronic ear disease in HIV + children, particularly in those treated with HAART...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107467/-adult-deafness-towards-new-paradigm
#7
David Bakhos, Charles Aussedat, Elsa Legris, Jean-Marie Aoustin, Jérôme Nevoux
Screening and early treatment of deafness regardless of age is essential. Deafness leads to social isolation, depression, and decreased cognitive function. The diagnosis requires an otoscopy and a confirmation of the type and degree of deafness by audiometry. Sudden deafness and meningitis are neuro-sensorial emergencies. Deafness may be the mode of disclosure of an autoimmune disease or part of the evolutionary profile. Hearing complaints with a normal classical audiogram may be the manifestation of a so-called "hidden" hearing loss and must be explored more carefully...
October 26, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097033/-the-tumors-of-the-ear
#8
X Dubernard, J-C Kleiber, E Brenet, M-A Louges, Y Veleine, M Labrousse, M Makeieff, A Bazin, A Chays
Any cutaneous lesion of the outer ear must be managed jointly by a dermatologist and an ENT, regardless of the age of the patient. The presence of a malignant cutaneous carcinoma (Squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma) of the pavilion requires a minimum extension assessment by a cervical ultrasound, CT-scan and MRI will be prescribed according to the degree of infiltration and the presence of clinics signs (lymphadenopathy, facial paralysis, cognitive impairment). A polyp of the external auditory meatus must be systematically biopsied in consultation and, if necessary, in the operating room with fresh anatomopathological analysis...
October 30, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017231/-long-term-follow-up-and-patient-satisfaction-after-tympanoplasty-with-titanium-clip-prothesis
#9
Guido Wolferts, Daniel Schicke, K-Wolfgang Delank
Aim of the present study is to evaluate the long term results of ossiculoplasty using titanium clip prosthesis. A retrospective analysis with prospective follow-up has been done including for all patients who had a Clip-PORP implanted between the years 2002-2013. Following this, audiometric hearing results were measured with clinical examination including otoscopy and quality of life evaluation using Glasgow benefit inventory. 48 patients (51 ears, 29 men, 19 women, average age 44.1 years) received followed up after an average duration of 6...
October 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975810/eustachian-tube-dysfunction-related-symptoms-in-chronic-nasal-obstruction-caused-by-inferior-turbinate-enlargement
#10
Teemu Harju, Ilkka Kivekäs, Jura Numminen, Markus Rautiainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between chronic nasal obstruction caused by inferior turbinate enlargement and Eustachian tube dysfunction-related symptoms using the Eustachian Tube Dysfunction Questionnaire (ETDQ-7) as an assessment method. METHODS: A total of 80 adults were enrolled. Group 1 comprised consecutive patients with enlarged inferior turbinates and group 2 comprised healthy controls. The ETDQ-7 scores and tympanometry results of both groups were analyzed and compared...
December 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941966/otologic-disorders-in-turner-syndrome
#11
E Bois, M Nassar, D Zenaty, J Léger, T Van Den Abbeele, N Teissier
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have craniofacial malformations, such as Eustachian tube hypoplasia and dysfunction and velar dysfunction, which foster acute otitis media. The aim of this study was to inventory pediatric otologic disorders in patients with TS at their first ENT consultation in our center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the ENT consultation data of pediatric TS patients followed in our center between 2005 and 2015: otoscopy, hearing threshold, and history of acute otitis media or ENT surgery...
September 20, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919848/hidden-hearing-loss-no-effect-of-common-recreational-noise-exposure-on-cochlear-nerve-response-amplitude-in-humans
#12
Sarah K Grinn, Kathryn B Wiseman, Jason A Baker, Colleen G Le Prell
This study tested hypothesized relationships between noise exposure and auditory deficits. Both retrospective assessment of potential associations between noise exposure history and performance on an audiologic test battery and prospective assessment of potential changes in performance after new recreational noise exposure were completed. Methods: 32 participants (13M, 19F) with normal hearing (25-dB HL or better, 0.25-8 kHz) were asked to participate in 3 pre- and post-exposure sessions including: otoscopy, tympanometry, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) (f2 frequencies 1-8 kHz), pure-tone audiometry (0...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894768/clinical-improvement-of-subacute-and-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-treated-with-hyaluronic-acid-plus-hypertonic-solution-via-nasal-lavage-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Luigi Cioffi, Patrizia Gallo, Antonio D'Avino, Francesco Carlomagno, Giuseppe Aloi, Antonietta D'Onofrio, Donatella Del Gaizo, Maria Giuliano, Raffaella De Franchis, Maria L Sandomenico, Anna Pecoraro
Background. This study, a randomized controlled trial, aims to demonstrate a clinically significant improvement in subacute and chronic otitis media with effusion through the administration of hyaluronic acid associated with hypertonic solution compared with the administration of hypertonic solution alone. The setting was an outpatient clinic of 20 primary care pediatrician offices affiliated with the 3 Local Health Units (Azienda Sanitaria Locale) of Naples. Materials and Methods. The study was conducted for 6 months, from October 2014 to the end of March 2015...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889780/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-associated-factors-in-subjects-with-normal-otoscopy-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#14
Hong Ju Park, Myung Hoon Yoo, Sook-Young Woo, Seon Woo Kim, Yang-Sun Cho
OBJECTIVE: To report the prevalence of hearing loss (HL) and associated factors in a nationwide study. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. STUDY SAMPLE: We investigated the prevalence of HL in 10,845 participants ≥12 years of age and analysed the associated factors with HL from 7434 participants ≥40 years of age. RESULTS: The prevalence of worse ear HL was 21.9% (1.2% in youngest and 81.9% in oldest) and that of better ear was 12...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874214/a-histopathological-connection-between-a-fatal-endolymphatic-sac-tumour-and-von-hippel-lindau-disease-from-1960
#15
J A Bellairs, M B Gluth
OBJECTIVE: To highlight a case from 1960 connecting endolymphatic sac tumour and von Hippel-Lindau disease. CASE REPORT: In 1960, a 24-year-old woman presented with unilateral hearing loss, pulsatile tinnitus and a mass visible on otoscopy. The patient underwent surgical biopsy, which was complicated by haemorrhage, and ultimately resulted in death. At autopsy, a destructive temporal bone neoplasm with cystic and papillary architecture was observed that had eroded into the otic capsule...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864273/transtympanic-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-complicating-a-myringotomy-in-a-four-year-old-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Damien Bonnard, Erwan de Monès, Thomas Sagardoy, Valérie Franco-Vidal, Vincent Darrouzet, Sylvestre Fierens
We report the first case of a transtympanic iatrogenic internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm diagnosed in a 4-year-old child following a myringotomy. An endovascular treatment with a covered-stent was decided; spontaneous thrombosis was found during the therapeutic arteriography, and the procedure was aborted. Otoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan monitoring showed a prolonged thrombosis and the disappearance of the pseudoaneurysm 18months after the diagnostic arteriography. Based on literature review, endovascular techniques seem to be preferred to the surgical approach for treatment of intrapetrous ICA pseudoaneurysm, however clinical and CT scan monitoring may also be a valid option...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851343/teaching-the-pediatric-ear-exam-and-diagnosis-of-acute-otitis-media-a-teaching-and-assessment-model-in-three-groups
#17
Caroline R Paul, Craig L Gjerde, Gwen McIntosh, Lori S Weber
BACKGROUND: The serious consequences of inaccurate diagnosis of acute otitis media have led to a call for greater education to develop proficient pediatric otoscopy skills. Despite the clinical and educational needs, peer-reviewed standardized curricula with validated assessment instruments remain limited. This study evaluated a pediatric otoscopy curriculum incorporated into the Pediatric medical student clerkship with use of outcome measures that included assessment of skills with real patients...
August 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799657/treatment-of-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-with-balloon-dilation-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jolien Marieke Lieselot Huisman, Froukje Jantina Verdam, Inge Stegeman, Jacob Alexander de Ru
OBJECTIVE: Balloon dilation is a new entity in the therapeutic approach of Eustachian tube dysfunction. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the success of balloon dilation of the tuba auditiva in reducing symptoms in adult patients with Eustachian tube dysfunction. DATA SOURCES: Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library. REVIEW METHODS: The systematic literature search was conducted independently by two authors based on title and abstracts, and resulted in 36 articles...
January 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742632/the-middle-ear-cleft-status-in-a-natural-cohort-with-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#19
Udi Cinamon, Dov Albukrek, Yahav Oron, Sharon Ovnat Tamir, Abraham Goldfarb, David Dvir, Tal Marom
BACKGROUND: The Eustachian tube (ET) has a major role in the middle ear (ME) pressure homeostasis. ET dysfunction is the accepted paradigm for pressure-related ME disorders. We studied the ME status in patients with severely diminished ET opening abilities, and anticipated to find ME disorders in most of them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ME status was evaluated in unconscious adults, who were hospitalized in a rehabilitation center with severe brain damage, requiring tracheotomy and gastrostomy...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739189/endoscopic-transcanal-myringoplasty-for-tympanic-perforations-an-outpatient-minimally-invasive-procedure
#20
Chih-Chieh Tseng, Ming-Tang Lai, Chia-Che Wu, Sheng-Po Yuan, Yi-Fang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Since the 1950s, microscopic myringoplasty has been the standard surgery for repairing a perforated tympanic membrane. In addition to conventional microscopic myringoplasty, endoscopic myringoplasty has been an emerging technique since the late 1990s. This study evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for repairing tympanic perforations and examined the minimally invasive feature of this technique (no postauricular incision, no canalplasty). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for perforations of the tympanic membrane...
July 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
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