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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306484/evaluation-of-the-economic-and-clinical-feasibility-of-introducing-rigid-endoscopy-and-laparoscopy-to-a-small-animal-general-practice
#1
Kelly Jones, J Brad Case, Brian Evans, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the economic and clinical feasibility of introducing rigid endoscopy and laparoscopy to a small animal general practice. DESIGN Prospective study. SAMPLE A single 2-veterinarian small animal practice in southern California. PROCEDURES In early 2012, endoscopic equipment was purchased, and both veterinarians in the practice undertook training in rigid endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures. Subsequently, information for client-owned animals that underwent endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures during a 12-month period (2012 to 2013) was collected...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301636/real-time-structured-light-based-otoscopy-for-quantitative-measurement-of-eardrum-deformation
#2
Sam Van der Jeught, Joris J J Dirckx
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277483/endoscopy-assisted-ear-surgery-for-treatment-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-cholesteatoma-adhesion-or-retraction-pockets
#3
Cagatay Han Ulku
The objective of this study was to analyze the results of endoscopy-assisted ear surgery for the treatment of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma, adhesion, or retraction pockets.Fifty-one patients who underwent oto-endoscopy-assisted canal wall up tympanomastoid surgery and/or limited anterior atticotomy with tympanoplasty for chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma, adhesion, or retraction pocket from 2006 to 2013 have been included in this study. Eradication of the disease from the middle ear and mastoid air cells was achieved by combination of the oto-microscobic and oto-endoscopic approaches...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229292/laser-eustachian-tuboplasty-for-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-a-case-series-review
#4
REVIEW
Benjamin John Miller, Mustafa Jaafar, Hassan A Elhassan
The authors reviewed the literature regarding the safety and efficacy of Laser Eustachian Tuboplasty (LETP) in the treatment of Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). Medline via Pubmed, OvidSP and Science Direct were consulted, with a supplementary manual review of citations. English language case series constituted a baseline for inclusion. Primary outcome measures were pre- and post-operative tympanometry, otoscopy findings, subjective symptoms and pure tone audiometry, and findings were stratified into short term (≤6 months) and long term (>6 months-5 years)...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192381/plasmacytoma-of-the-temporal-bone-a-great-imitator-report-of-seven-cases-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#5
Alex D Sweeney, Jacob B Hunter, S Vincent Rajkumar, John I Lane, Dragan Jevremovic, Matthew L Carlson
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical presentation, radiological features, and outcome of patients with plasmacytoma of the temporal bone. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective case series of all patients diagnosed with plasmacytoma of the temporal bone between 1990 and 2015. Comprehensive literature review of all previously published cases. RESULTS: A total of seven patients (average age, 57.3 yr; 57% women) met inclusion criteria. Three (43%) had a known history of multiple myeloma (MM)...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145842/evaluation-of-a-web-based-module-and-an-otoscopy-simulator-in-teaching-ear-disease
#6
Vincent Wu, Jason A Beyea
Objective To determine which teaching method-otoscopy simulation (OS), web-based module (WM), or standard classroom instruction (SI)-produced the best improvement in the diagnosis of middle/external ear pathologies and the development of otoscopy clinical skills. Study Design Prospective randomized controlled nonclinical trial. Setting Preclerkship undergraduate medical education. Subjects and Methods Fifty-four medical students (first year, 26; second year, 28) were randomized to receive 1 of the 3 interventions: OS, WM, or SI...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125327/mastoid-obliteration-with-s53p4-bioactive-glass-in-cholesteatoma-surgery
#7
Pieter D de Veij Mestdagh, David R Colnot, Pepijn A Borggreven, Claudia C Orelio, Jasper J Quak
CONCLUSION: Evaluation of the follow-up of 67 patients shows that S53P4 bioactive glass (BAG) granules are safe and effective as obliteration material in cholesteatoma surgery. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the safety and efficacy of mastoid obliteration using S53P4 BAG in cholesteatoma surgery. Clinical outcomes were infection control (Merchant's grading), cholesteatoma recidivism, and audiometric performance. METHODS: Retrospective follow-up study at the Diakonessenhuis, Utrecht, the Netherlands...
January 26, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118550/smartphone-enabled-otoscopy-in-neurotology-otology
#8
Omid Moshtaghi, Ronald Sahyouni, Yarah M Haidar, Melissa Huang, Afsheen Moshtaghi, Yaser Ghavami, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
Objective A smartphone-enabled otoscope (SEO) can capture tympanic membrane (TM) images. We sought to compare a SEO to microscopic otoscopy in the detection and evaluation of TM pathology in an otology/neurotology practice. Study Design Prospective single-site study in adults presenting over a 3-month period. Setting Neurotology clinic within a tertiary care academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Following consent, 57 patients underwent a medical and microscopic ear examination. Afterward, clinicians photographed bilateral TMs using a SEO...
March 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109506/rat-model-of-chronic-tympanic-membrane-perforation-a-longitudinal-histological-evaluation-of-underlying-mechanisms
#9
Allen Y Wang, Lawrence J Liew, Yi Shen, Jeffrey T Wang, Magnus von Unge, Marcus D Atlas, Rodney J Dilley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate histologically the progressive development and underlying mechanisms of chronic tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) in a rat model using a two-weeks ventilation tube (VT) treatment combined with topical application of mitomycin C/dexamethasone (VT-M/D), compared with normal tympanic membrane and acute TMPs. METHODS: Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three experimental groups: a normal control group (n = 5), an acute TMP group (n = 5) (i...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068659/hearing-loss-after-round-window-surgery-in-mice-is-due-to-middle-ear-effusion
#10
Bovey Z Zhu, Jasmine Saleh, Kevin T Isgrig, Lisa L Cunningham, Wade W Chien
BACKGROUND: Delivery of therapeutic agents directly through the round window (RW) offers promise for treating sensorineural hearing loss. However, hearing loss can result from the surgical approach itself, and the reasons for this are poorly understood. We examined the hearing loss following the 3 major steps involved with the RW approach to access the mouse cochlea: bullostomy, RW puncture, and RW injection. METHODS: Twenty-one adult CBA/J mice underwent bullostomy alone, 10 underwent RW puncture, and 8 underwent RW injection with PBS with 5% glycerol...
January 10, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#11
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017492/superior-canal-dehiscence-with-tegmen-defect-revealed-by-otoscopy-video-clip-demonstration-of-pulsatile-tympanic-membrane
#12
Andrea Castellucci, Cristina Brandolini, Gianluca Piras, Ignacio Javier Fernandez, Davide Giordano, Carmine Pernice, Giovanni Carlo Modugno, Antonio Pirodda, Gian Gaetano Ferri
Superior canal dehiscence is a pathologic condition of the otic capsule acting as aberrant window of the inner ear. It results in reduction of inner ear impedance and in abnormal exposure of the labyrinthine neuroepithelium to the action of the surrounding structures. The sum of these phenomena leads to the onset of typical cochleo-vestibular symptoms and signs. Among them, pulsatile tinnitus has been attributed to a direct transmission of intracranial vascular activities to labyrinthine fluids. We present the first video-otoscopic documentation of spontaneous pulse-synchronous movements of the tympanic membrane in two patients with superior canal dehiscence...
December 22, 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012514/school-entry-level-tele-hearing-screening-in-a-town-in-south-india-lessons-learnt
#13
Saleth D Monica, Vidya Ramkumar, Mark Krumm, Nitya Raman, Roopa Nagarajan, Lakshmi Venkatesh
INTRODUCTION: School screening is warranted in developing countries that do not have newborn hearing screening as schools provide access to a large number of young children between 3 and 5 years of age. Due to scarcity of technical manpower and equipment, hearing screening programs are not often conducted in developing countries. In these circumstances, telehealth services appear to be a reasonable solution. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of school hearing screening using telehealth technology operated by a practitioner located 400 kms away at a distant hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849126/tinnitus-and-leisure-noise
#14
Warwick Williams, Lyndal Carter
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of life-time noise exposure and experience of tinnitus. DESIGN: Audiometric measures included otoscopy, pure tone air- and bone-conduction hearing threshold levels (HTL) and otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Participants completed questionnaires including demographic information, past hearing health, history of participation in loud leisure activities, and attitudes to noise. STUDY SAMPLE: A representative sample (1435) of the young (11-35 years old) Australian population...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810214/comparison-of-ultrasound-imaging-and-video-otoscopy-with-cross-sectional-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-canine-otitis-media
#15
J Classen, A Bruehschwein, A Meyer-Lindenberg, R S Mueller
Ultrasound imaging (US) of the tympanic bulla (TB) for diagnosis of canine otitis media (OM) is less expensive and less invasive than cross-sectional imaging techniques including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Video otoscopy (VO) is used to clean inflamed ears. The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of US and VO in OM using cross-sectional imaging as the reference standard. Client owned dogs with clinical signs of OE and/or OM were recruited for the study...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783901/otoscopic-examinations-reveal-high-prevalence-of-outer-and-middle-ear-pathologies-in-paediatrics-in-limpopo-south-africa
#16
Mukovhe Chad Phanguphangu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of outer and middle ear pathologies in paediatrics in Limpopo, South Africa. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective review of otoscopy results obtained during a school health screening campaign conducted between March and June 2015. Descriptive statistics through percentages and frequency tables were used to analyse the data. Logistic regression was used to determine associations between age, gender and pathologies observed...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749754/intratympanic-sustained-exposure-dexamethasone-thermosensitive-gel-for-symptoms-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-randomized-phase-2b-safety-and-efficacy-trial
#17
Paul R Lambert, John Carey, Anthony A Mikulec, Carl LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of a single intratympanic injection of OTO-104, sustained-exposure dexamethasone, in patients with unilateral Ménière's disease. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase 2b study over 5 months. SETTING: Fifty-two academic and community otolaryngology centers. PATIENTS: One hundred fifty four patients (77 per group) aged 18 to 85 years inclusive. INTERVENTION: Single intratympanic injection of OTO-104 (12 mg dexamethasone) or placebo...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746834/pitch-and-loudness-tinnitus-in-individuals-with-presbycusis
#18
Bruna Macangnin Seimetz, Adriane Ribeiro Teixeira, Leticia Petersen Schmidt Rosito, Leticia Sousa Flores, Carlos Henrique Pappen, Celso Dall'igna
Introduction Tinnitus is a symptom that is often associated with presbycusis. Objective This study aims to analyze the existence of association among hearing thresholds, pitch, and loudness of tinnitus in individuals with presbycusis, considering the gender variable. Methods Cross-sectional, descriptive, and prospective study, whose sample consisted of individuals with tinnitus and diagnosis of presbycusis. For the evaluation, we performed anamnesis along with otoscopy, pure tone audiometry, and acuphenometry to analyze the psychoacoustic characteristics of tinnitus individuals...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738540/contralateral-cochlear-labyrinthine-concussion-without-temporal-bone-fracture-unusual-posttraumatic-consequence
#19
I M Villarreal, D Méndez, J M Duque Silva, P Ortega Del Álamo
Introduction. Labyrinthine concussion is a term used to describe a rare cause of sensorineural hearing loss with or without vestibular symptoms occurring after head trauma. Isolated damage to the inner ear without involving the vestibular organ would be designated as a cochlear labyrinthine concussion. Hearing loss is not a rare finding in head trauma that involves petrous bone fractures. Nevertheless it generally occurs ipsilateral to the side of the head injury and extraordinarily in the contralateral side and moreover without the presence of a fracture...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703821/external-otitis-an-unusual-presentation-in-neonates
#20
Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Shima Rostami, Manelie Sadeghi
Acute otitis externa (AOE) is an infection of the external auditory canal, the auricle, and the outer surface of the tympanic membrane. Although AOE is one of the most common otologic conditions encountered in pediatric population, it is known to primarily affect children older than 2 years. We report a case of AOE caused by Staphylococcus aureus in a 23-day-old neonate. A 23-day-old female infant presented to our neonatology clinic with irritability and discharge from the right ear. There were yellow otorrhea, mild erythema, and edema of right external ear canal...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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