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Tympanometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320600/tympanometry-and-isolated-fracture-of-the-stapes
#1
C Aussedat, C Bobiller, K Gaillot, E Lescanne, D Bakhos
INTRODUCTION: Temporal bone fractures are frequently associated with ossicular dislocations or fractures, most commonly involving the incus. To our knowledge, isolated fracture of the posterior crus of the stapes has not been previously reported. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old man consulted for persistent left hypoacusis several months after a head injury. Initial computed tomography of the temporal bone showed a simple temporal bone fracture with no other associated abnormalities...
March 17, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290230/cilia-and-ear
#2
Gioia Piatti, Maria Margherita De Santi, Sara Torretta, Lorenzo Pignataro, Daniela Soi, Umberto Ambrosetti
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of otological complications derived from primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) in adulthood. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with diagnosed PCD underwent medical history aimed at recording the presence of ear, nose, and throat manifestations (ENT) and any surgical treatments. The ENT objectivity was annotated, and then patients were subjected to audiometric test, tympanometry, registration of otoacoustic emission, and vestibular evaluation...
April 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289399/auditory-and-vestibular-evoked-potentials-correlate-with-motor-and-non-motor-features-of-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Ali Soliman Shalash, Dalia Mohamed Hassan, Hanan Hani Elrassas, Mohamed Mosaad Salama, Edna Méndez-Hernández, José M Salas-Pacheco, Oscar Arias-Carrión
Degeneration of several brainstem nuclei has been long related to motor and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, due to technical issues, there are only a few studies that correlate that association. Brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) and vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) responses represent a valuable tool for brainstem assessment. Here, we investigated the abnormalities of BAEPs, ocular VEMPs (oVEMPs), and cervical VEMPs (cVEMPs) in patients with PD and its correlation to the motor and NMSs...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283791/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-in-children
#4
A Leichtle, D Hollfelder, B Wollenberg, K-L Bruchhage
Endonasal ballon dilatation of the Eustachian tube (BET) is a promising treatment for Eustachian tube dysfunction with encouraging results over the last years in adults. In addition, in children, single studies demonstrated promising results, but revealed the necessity for broader and additional studies. Our retrospective analysis presents outcomes with BET in children with chronic obstructive dysfunction of the Eustachian tube, showing resistance to the conventional therapy after adenotomy with paracentesis or grommets (ventilation tubes)...
March 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229292/laser-eustachian-tuboplasty-for-eustachian-tube-dysfunction-a-case-series-review
#5
REVIEW
Benjamin John Miller, Mustafa Jaafar, Hassan A Elhassan
The authors reviewed the literature regarding the safety and efficacy of Laser Eustachian Tuboplasty (LETP) in the treatment of Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD). Medline via Pubmed, OvidSP and Science Direct were consulted, with a supplementary manual review of citations. English language case series constituted a baseline for inclusion. Primary outcome measures were pre- and post-operative tympanometry, otoscopy findings, subjective symptoms and pure tone audiometry, and findings were stratified into short term (≤6 months) and long term (>6 months-5 years)...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224679/the-repeatability-of-tests-of-eustachian-tube-function-in-healthy-ears
#6
Matthew E Smith, Charlie C Zou, Charlotte Baker, Andrew J C Blythe, Peter J A Hutchinson, James R Tysome
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Many objective tests of eustachian tube (ET) function have been devised for clinical and research use but they have not been directly compared or characterized. As a first step to identifying tests to incorporate into an outcome set for ET dysfunction, we assessed repeatability of a panel of eight of these tests in healthy ears. STUDY DESIGN: Comparison of eight tests of ET function. METHODS: The following tests were investigated in combination with Valsalva, Toynbee, swallow, or sniff maneuvers: 1) patient-reported ET opening, 2) observed tympanic membrane movement, 3) continuous impedance, 4) canal manometry, 5) sonotubometry, 6) nine-step test, 7) tubomanometry, and 8) tympanometry at rest...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167017/hearing-sensitivity-in-adults-with-a-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-after-two-stage-palatoplasty
#7
I F P M Kappen, J B S Schreinemakers, K P Q Oomen, D Bittermann, M Kon, C C Breugem, A B Mink van der Molen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term hearing and middle ear status in patients treated for a unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) by two-stage palatoplasty. METHODS: Forty-nine UCLP patients aged 17 years and older were included in this retrospective study. Patients were invited for a multidisciplinary long-term follow-up of their treatment at a tertiary center for craniofacial surgery in the Netherlands. ENT assessment included tympanometry and pure-tone audiometry...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141649/values-range-of-tympanometric-gradient-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#8
Sertac Duzer, Oner Sakallioglu, Abdulvahap Akyigit, Cahit Polat, Hasan Cetiner, Nihat Susaman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to establish how reliable a given tympanogram is in predicting the presence or absence of a middle ear effusion, and to provide new views for the diagnostic information of tympanometry. The use of tympanometric gradient in addition to static admittance is the focus of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors enrolled 146 female and 129 male patients. The participants were allocated into groups as follow: Group A1 consisted of 50 healthy children...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114615/hearing-auditory-processing-and-language-skills-of-male-youth-offenders-and-remandees-in-youth-justice-residences-in-new-zealand
#9
Sarah A Lount, Suzanne C Purdy, Linda Hand
Purpose: International evidence suggests youth offenders have greater difficulties with oral language than their nonoffending peers. This study examined the hearing, auditory processing, and language skills of male youth offenders and remandees (YORs) in New Zealand. Method: Thirty-three male YORs, aged 14-17 years, were recruited from 2 youth justice residences, plus 39 similarly aged male students from local schools for comparison. Testing comprised tympanometry, self-reported hearing, pure-tone audiometry, 4 auditory processing tests, 2 standardized language tests, and a nonverbal intelligence test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110343/sex-related-cochlear-impairment-in-cigarette-smokers
#10
Grażyna Lisowska, Jerzy Jochem, Agata Gierlotka, Maciej Misiołek, Wojciech Ścierski
BACKGROUND A number of studies have documented the influence of cigarette smoking on hearing. However, the association between sex and hearing impairment in smokers as measured by otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) has not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to analyze sex-specific effects of smoking on hearing via conventional and ultra-high-frequency pure tone audiometry (PTA), and OAEs, specifically spontaneous OAEs, click-evoked OAEs, and distortion-product OAEs. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 84 healthy volunteers aged 25-45 years (mean 34), among them 46 women (25 non-smokers and 21 smokers) and 38 men (16 non-smokers and 22 smokers)...
January 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103698/histamine-applied-topically-to-the-nasal-mucosa-increases-the-transmucosal-nitrous-oxide-exchange-for-the-middle-ear
#11
Miriam S Teixeira, Cuneyt M Alper, Brian S Martin, Selma Cetin, Jenna A El-Wagaa, William J Doyle
OBJECTIVE: Determine if the middle ear transmucosal nitrous oxide (N2O) exchange rate is affected by nasal inflammation caused by topical application of histamine. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, 20 adults were challenged intranasally with histamine (5 mg) and placebo on separate occasions. At each session, the subjects were fitted with a non-rebreathing mask and breathed room air for 20 minutes, 50% N2O:50% O2 for 20 minutes, and 100% O2 for 10 minutes...
April 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087093/audiologic-and-radiologic-findings-in-cochlear-hypoplasia
#12
Betul Cicek Cinar, Merve Ozbal Batuk, Emel Tahir, Gonca Sennaroglu, Levent Sennaroglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to evaluate audiologic and radiologic findings of cochlear hypoplasia which is a subgroup of inner ear malformations. METHODS: This study was a prospective clinical study and based on voluntary participation from cases with cochlear hypoplasia diagnosis. The study was conducted at Hacettepe University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and Department of Audiology. Subjects were selected from an inner ear malformations database...
January 10, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072811/evaluation-of-the-ototoxicity-potential-of-once-daily-single-entity-hydrocodone-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-results-of-two-phase-3-clinical-studies
#13
Kathleen Campbell, J Walter Kutz, Angela Shoup, Warren Wen, Shau Yu Lynch, Ellie He, Steven R Ripa
BACKGROUND: Use/misuse of the opioid combination hydrocodone-acetaminophen has been associated with permanent hearing loss. Although reports have been rare, this potential effect can have significant detrimental effect on patients' overall quality of life. To date, the ototoxic effect of hydrocodone alone has not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: In this report, we aimed to evaluate the potential ototoxicity of a novel, single-entity, once-daily, extended-release hydrocodone tablet (Hysingla® ER; HYD)...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057076/audiometric-findings-with-voluntary-tensor-tympani-contraction
#14
Brandon Wickens, Duncan Floyd, Manohar Bance
BACKGROUND: Tensor tympani contraction may have a "signature" audiogram. This study demonstrates audiometric findings during voluntary tensor tympani contraction. METHODS: Five volunteers possessing the ability to voluntarily contract their tensor tympani muscles were identified and enrolled. Tensor tympani contraction was confirmed with characteristic tympanometry findings. Study subjects underwent conventional audiometry. Air conduction and bone conduction threshold testing was performed with and without voluntary tensor tympani contraction...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035526/auditory-changes-in-acromegaly
#15
S Tabur, H Korkmaz, E Baysal, E Hatipoglu, I Aytac, E Akarsu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the changes involving auditory system in cases with acromegaly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Otological examinations of 41 cases with acromegaly (uncontrolled n = 22, controlled n = 19) were compared with those of age and gender-matched 24 healthy subjects. Whereas the cases with acromegaly underwent examination with pure tone audiometry (PTA), speech audiometry for speech discrimination (SD), tympanometry, stapedius reflex evaluation and otoacoustic emission tests, the control group did only have otological examination and PTA...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024827/evaluation-of-peripheral-auditory-pathways-and-brainstem-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Erika Matsumura, Carla Gentile Matas, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Raquel Meirelles Pedreño, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho, Seisse Gabriela Gandolfi Sanches, Renata Mota Mamede Carvallo
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea causes changes in normal sleep architecture, fragmenting it chronically with intermittent hypoxia, leading to serious health consequences in the long term. It is believed that the occurrence of respiratory events during sleep, such as apnea and hypopnea, can impair the transmission of nerve impulses along the auditory pathway that are highly dependent on the supply of oxygen. However, this association is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To compare the evaluation of peripheral auditory pathway and brainstem among individuals with and without obstructive sleep apnea...
November 25, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012542/audiological-findings-in-children-with-ataxia-telangiectasia-a-t-syndrome
#17
Pretty O Afifi, Hanaa Hussein Elsanadiky
AIM: To assess peripheral and central hearing in children with A-T. METHOD: 3 children diagnosed with A-T according to the diagnostic criteria for A-T of the European Society for Immunodeficiencies. Involuntary movements were seen in the form of chorea-athetosis together with tremors. They were examined to assess both peripheral and central hearing was assessed (hearing thresholds). Sound-field testing, tympanometry, acoustic reflexes, Otoacoustic Emissions (OAEs) and Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) were done for all of them...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004262/diagnostic-accuracy-of-tubomanometry-r-value-in-detecting-the-eustachian-tube-pressure-equalizing-function
#18
Cuneyt M Alper, Miriam S Teixeira, Jeehong H Kim, J Douglas Swarts
Tubomanometry is a relatively novel Eustachian tube (ET) function testing method. A number of recent studies have utilized the R value of Tubomanometry as the main objective measure in reporting their outcome in balloon dilation of ET. There is, however, a lack of evidence concerning the reliability or validity of Tubomanometry measurements. The objectives of this study are to determine the accuracy of Tubomanometry for detecting ET opening as compared to tympanometry and determine its usefulness as a measure of ET function...
December 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001276/effects-of-prematurity-on-language-acquisition-and-auditory-maturation-a-systematic-review
#19
Inaê Costa Rechia, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Anelise Henrich Crestani, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To verify which damages prematurity causes to hearing and language. Research strategies: We used the decriptors language/linguagem, hearing/audição, prematurity/prematuridade in databases LILACS, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Scielo. Selection criteria: randomized controlled trials, non-randomized intervention studies and descriptive studies (cross-sectional, cohort, case-control projects). Data analysis: The articles were assessed independently by two authors according to the selection criteria...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942601/high-frequency-tympanometry-1-000-hz-for-neonates-with-normal-and-abnormal-transient-evoked-otoacoustic-emissions
#20
Maryam Emadi, Mohammad Rezaei, Morteza Hamidi Nahrani, Masoud Bolandi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed at evaluating the characteristics of high-frequency (1,000 Hz) acoustic admittance (ya) for the neonates with transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) as either pass or refer group. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using a 1,000 Hz probe tone, 297neonates (152 male, 145 female aged 0-104 days old) were evaluated. Tympanometric parameters admittance value at +200 dapa, middle ear admittance, and tympanometric peak pressure were calculated for each tympanogram...
December 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
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