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Joshua Myers, Joseph Kei, Sreedevi Aithal, Venkatesh Aithal, Carlie Driscoll, Asaduzzaman Khan, Alehandrea Manuel, Anjali Joseph, Alicja N Malicka
OBJECTIVES: Wideband acoustic immittance (WAI) is an emerging test of middle-ear function with potential applications for neonates in screening and diagnostic settings. Previous large-scale diagnostic accuracy studies have assessed the performance of WAI against evoked otoacoustic emissions, but further research is needed using a more stringent reference standard. Research into suitable quantitative techniques to analyze the large volume of data produced by WAI is still in its infancy...
March 3, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Lei Jin, Keyong Li, Xiaoyan Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) together with tympanometry in assessing otitis media with effusion in children. METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine patients, who were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and prepared to undergo adenotonsillectomy and had a unilateral or bilateral type 'B' or 'C' tympanogram were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into the following four groups: Group 1, type 'B' tympanogram with positive DPOAE; Group 2, type 'B' tympanogram with negative DPOAE; Group 3, type 'C' tympanogram with positive DPOAE and Group 4, type 'C' tympanogram with negative DPOAE...
March 5, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Cheryl Da Costa, Robert H Eikelboom, Angela Jacques, De Wet Swanepoel, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Sarra E Jamieson, Christopher G Brennan-Jones
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between early life episodes of otitis media and later behavioural development with adjustment for confounders. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study recruited 2900 pregnant women from King Edward Memorial Hospital (KEMH) in Perth, Western Australia, between 1989 and 1991. PARTICIPANTS: Data from the children born were collected at both the Year 3 and Year 5 follow up...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
V T Pal'chun, N S Tropskaya, Yu V Levina, S P Efimova, A L Guseva
The objective of the present work was to elucidate the characteristics of broad-band tympanometry in the healthy subjects with the unaffected hearing ability. The study involved 54 volunteers (27 men and 27 women) at the age from 21 to 55 years exhibiting no pathologic changes in the ear system as confirmed by the tone threshold audiometry, otoacoustic emission, tympaometry at a frequency of 226 Hz, and reflexometry. All the participants of the study underwent absorbance measurements by broad-band tympanometry within the frequency range from 226 to 8,000 Hz at an ambient pressure...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Alen Sekelj, Davorin Đanić
Lyme borreliosis is a vector-borne infectious disease characterized by three disease stages. In the areas endemic for borreliosis, every acute facial palsy indicates serologic testing and implies specific approach to the disease. Th e aim of the study was to identify and confirm the value of acoustic refl ex and House-Brackman (HB) grading scale as prognostic indicators of facial palsy in neuroborreliosis. Th e study included 176 patients with acute facial palsy divided into three groups based on serologic testing: borreliosis, Bell's palsy, and facial palsy caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
Kyoko Nagao, Thierry Morlet, Elizabeth Haley, Jennifer Padilla, Julianne Nemith, Robert W Mason, Shunji Tomatsu
BACKGROUND: Hearing impairment is a common problem in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis IV (MPS IV) throughout their life. Many of the adult patients with MPS IV exhibit permanent or severe hearing loss. However, there has been no systematic review of detailed audiological test results in MPS IV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen individuals with MPS IV (13 MPS IVA and 1 MPS IVB; aged between 12 and 38 years old) participated in the current study. We obtained auditory neurophysiological responses (auditory brainstem responses and otoacoustic emissions test) in addition to pure-tone audiometry and middle ear function tests (tympanometry and acoustic reflexes)...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Renata Aparecida Leite, Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro, Jeziela Cristina Raimundo, Ricardo Ferreira Bento, Carla Gentile Matas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare long-latency auditory evoked potentials before and after hearing aid fittings in children with sensorineural hearing loss compared with age-matched children with normal hearing. METHODS: Thirty-two subjects of both genders aged 7 to 12 years participated in this study and were divided into two groups as follows: 14 children with normal hearing were assigned to the control group (mean age 9 years and 8 months), and 18 children with mild to moderate symmetrical bilateral sensorineural hearing loss were assigned to the study group (mean age 9 years and 2 months)...
February 19, 2018: Clinics
Amanda I Rodriguez, Megan L A Thomas, Denis Fitzpatrick, Kristen L Janky
OBJECTIVES: Vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) testing is increasingly utilized in pediatric vestibular evaluations due to its diagnostic capability to identify otolith dysfunction and feasibility of testing. However, there is evidence demonstrating that the high-intensity stimulation level required to elicit a reliable VEMP response causes acoustic trauma in adults. Despite utility of VEMP testing in children, similar findings are unknown. It is hypothesized that increased sound exposure may exist in children because differences in ear-canal volume (ECV) compared with adults, and the effect of stimulus parameters (e...
March 2018: Ear and Hearing
Miray Sözen, Işılay Öz, Selim Erbek
OBJECTIVE: Multifrequency tympanometry (MFT) analyzes tympanograms obtained using different probe tones between 226 and 2000 Hz. An important parameter of MFT is resonance frequency (RF). Studies have recently demonstrated that the RF value can vary depending on many factors. To provide new data regarding MFT, middle ear RF values were investigated with regard to body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 78 volunteers (i.e., 156 ears) aged 18-40 years who did not have hearing loss and whose otoscopic examinations were normal...
February 20, 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
C V Thanooja, Ann Mary Augustine, Anjali Lepcha, Pulukool Sandhya, Amit Kumar Tyagi, Debashish Danda, Achamma Balraj
This study aims to assess the frequency and the profile of hearing loss among patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome in a tertiary care hospital in India and to look for an association between hearing loss and immunological parameters (anti-SSA antibody, anti-SSB antibody, anticardiolipin antibodies, complements C3 and C4). This prospective observational study was done from January 2011 to October 2011 on consecutive patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome in our tertiary care hospital. All patients underwent a puretone audiogram, tympanogram and acoustic reflex testing...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Guoli Zhou, Wenjiang Fu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether current levels of total serum bilirubin are associated with different subtypes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in adolescents. METHODS: A set of cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2007-2010) was used. A subset of 1404 adolescents was sampled for measurements of total serum bilirubin, tympanometry, and average pure tone threshold at low-frequencies (LPTA: 500, 1000, 2000 Hz) or high-frequencies (HPTA: 3000, 4000, 6000, and 8000 Hz)...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Reshma Ghedia, Jahangir Ahmed, Annakan Navaratnam, Jonny Harcourt
INTRODUCTION: Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) describes a group of inherited disorders that result in abnormal ciliary motion leading to mucous stasis. Clinical features include almost universally otitis media with effusion (OME), particularly in infants. PCD patients provide us with a cohort of patients with OME that is not treated with ventilatory tube (VT) insertion as these have been shown to result in frequent complications including chronic otorrhoea, early extrusion and persistent perforation without significant improvement to hearing in the long term...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Susan D Emmett, Jane Schmitz, Sureswor L Karna, Subarna K Khatry, Lee Wu, Steven C LeClerq, Joseph Pillion, Keith P West
Background: Prevalence of young adult hearing loss is high in low-resource societies; the reasons for this are likely complex but could involve early childhood undernutrition. Objective: We evaluated preschool childhood stunting, wasting, and underweight as risk factors for hearing loss in young adulthood in Sarlahi District, southern Nepal. Design: Ear health was assessed in 2006-2008 in a cohort of 2193 subjects aged 16-23 y, who as children <60 mo of age participated in a 16-mo placebo-controlled, randomized vitamin A supplementation trial from 1989 to 1991...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Aravind Kumar Rajasekaran, Amey Rajan Savardekar, Nagaraja Rao Shivashankar
BACKGROUND: Schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve is rare. This case report documents an atypical abnormality of the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) in a patient with schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve. The observed abnormality was attributed to the proximity of the hypoglossal nerve to the spinal accessory nerve in the medullary cistern and base of the skull. PURPOSE: To report cVEMP abnormality in a patient with hypoglossal nerve schwannoma and provide an anatomical correlation for this abnormality...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Venkatesh Aithal, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, Michio Murakoshi, Hiroshi Wada
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing conductive conditions in newborns is challenging for both audiologists and otolaryngologists. Although high-frequency tympanometry (HFT), acoustic stapedial reflex tests, and wideband absorbance measures are useful diagnostic tools, there is performance measure variability in their detection of middle ear conditions. Additional diagnostic sensitivity and specificity measures gained through new technology such as sweep frequency impedance (SFI) measures may assist in the diagnosis of middle ear dysfunction in newborns...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Alessandra Spada Durante, Mayara Santos, Nayara M C de F Roque, Marcella S Gameiro, Katia de Almeida, Osmar Mesquita de Sousa Neto
INTRODUCTION: Tympanometry is currently the most frequently used tool for assessing the status of the middle ear, commonly assessed using a single 226Hz tone. However, the use of the Acoustic Immittance Measures with a wideband stimulus is a promising high-resolution evaluation, especially in individuals known to have middle ear alterations, such as Down syndrome patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the acoustic absorbance measurements in children with Down syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Cihan Abaylı, Yusuf Kul, Muhsin Koten, Ahmet Rıfat Karasalihoğlu, Abdullah Taş, Recep Yağız, Erdoğan Bulut
Objective: This study aimed to investigate possible ototoxicity associated with topical rifamycin application via electrophysiological tests and ultrastructural examinations. Methods: Electrophysiological assessment was performed with tympanometry, auditory brainstem response (ABR), and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) measurements. This study was conducted on 40 ears of 20 guinea pigs that were detected to have normal hearing thresholds. The animals were randomly assigned to three groups: Group 1 (n=12) received 0...
September 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Ali Safavi Naini, Jahangir Ghorbani, Sima Montazer Lotfe Elahi, Mohsen Beigomi
Introduction: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; also known as Wegener's granulomatosis) is a primary systemic vasculitis involving the ear, nose and throat system (ENT) and lower respiratory tract. Because of the lack of knowledge regarding the clinical findings of GPA due to the limited number of studies, the current study was designed to investigate the prevalence and nature of the otology manifestations in the disease course. Materials and Methods: In the current prospective study, patients with a diagnosis of GPA from 2012-2016 were included...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Jeff Markey, Rebecca Maine, Kimberly Daniels, Emily Yang Yu, George Gregory, William Hoffman, Jorge Palacios
OBJECTIVE: Study the prevalence of otologic disease in a pediatric post-palatoplasty population with no prior ear tube placement in resource-deprived countries and assess patient characteristics associated with these abnormal results. DESIGN: Retrospective data review. PARTICIPANTS: Ecuadorian and Chinese children identified during humanitarian cleft lip and palate repair trips with cleft palates undergoing palatoplasty from 2007 to 2010. INTERVENTIONS: Tympanometry and otoacoustic emission (OAE) testing performed following palatoplasty...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Judith van Vliet, Alide A Tieleman, Baziel G M van Engelen, Guillaume Bassez, Laurent Servais, Anthony Béhin, Tanya Stojkovic, Jan Meulstee, Joost A M Engel, George Lamas, Bruno Eymard, Wim I M Verhagen, Elisabeth Mamelle
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess auditory characteristics of a large cohort of patients with genetically confirmed myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2). METHODS: Patients with DM2 were included prospectively in an international cross-sectional study. A structured interview about hearing symptoms was held. Thereafter, standardized otologic examination, pure tone audiometry (PTA; 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz), speech audiometry, tympanometry, acoustic middle ear muscle reflexes, and brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) were performed...
February 13, 2018: Neurology
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