keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

resident macrophage

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212304/methylglyoxal-derived-advanced-glycation-endproducts-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Suzan Wetzels, Kristiaan Wouters, Casper G Schalkwijk, Tim Vanmierlo, Jerome J A Hendriks
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). The activation of inflammatory cells is crucial for the development of MS and is shown to induce intracellular glycolytic metabolism in pro-inflammatory microglia and macrophages, as well as CNS-resident astrocytes. Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) are stable endproducts formed by a reaction of the dicarbonyl compounds methylglyoxal (MGO) and glyoxal (GO) with amino acids in proteins, during glycolysis. This suggests that, in MS, MGO-derived AGEs are formed in glycolysis-driven cells...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210215/tryptanthrin-suppresses-the-activation-of-the-lps-treated-bv2-microglial-cell-line-via-nrf2-ho-1-antioxidant-signaling
#2
Young-Won Kwon, So Yeong Cheon, Sung Yun Park, Juhyun Song, Ju-Hee Lee
Microglia are the resident macrophages in the central nervous system (CNS) and play essential roles in neuronal homeostasis and neuroinflammatory pathologies. Recently, microglia have been shown to contribute decisively to neuropathologic processes after ischemic stroke. Furthermore, natural compounds have been reported to attenuate inflammation and pathologies associated with neuroinflammation. Tryptanthrin (indolo[2,1-b]quinazoline-6,12-dione) is a phytoalkaloid with known anti-inflammatory effects in cells...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203119/higher-phagocytic-activity-of-thioglycollate-elicited-peritoneal-macrophages-is-related-to-metabolic-status-of-the-cells
#3
Sofia Pavlou, Luxi Wang, Heping Xu, Mei Chen
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal macrophages are widely used in immunological studies. The cells can be collected under non-elicited (resident) or elicited (e.g., with Brewer thioglycollate broth injection) conditions, and their phenotype and functions differ. Recent studies have shown that macrophage phenotype and function are related to their metabolic states, and metabolic reprogramming has been an emerging concept for controlling macrophage function. In this study, we examined the metabolic state of resident and elicited macrophages and investigated how their metabolic state may affect cell function, including phagocytosis...
2017: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202416/microarray-analysis-of-macrophage-response-to-infection-with-streptococcus-oralis-reveals-the-immunosuppressive-effect-of-hydrogen-peroxide
#4
Hitomi Matsushima, Yutaro Kumagai, Alexis Vandenbon, Hideo Kataoka, Miki Kadena, Haruka Fukamachi, Takafumi Arimoto, Hirobumi Morisaki, Nagatoshi Fujiwara, Nobuo Okahashi, Hirotaka Kuwata
Oral streptococci including mitis group streptococci are commensal residents and are also the first to colonize the oral cavity. However, various species of these oral streptococci have the potential to invade the host and occasionally lead to severe infectious disease such as cardiovascular diseases. Oral streptococci have close interactions with the host immune system including macrophages at the oral mucosal surface. One notable common trait of oral streptococcus including Streptococcus oralis (S. oralis) is the production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)...
February 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197669/clearance-of-cerebral-a%C3%AE-in-alzheimer-s-disease-reassessing-the-role-of-microglia-and-monocytes
#5
REVIEW
Leah Zuroff, David Daley, Keith L Black, Maya Koronyo-Hamaoui
Deficiency in cerebral amyloid β-protein (Aβ) clearance is implicated in the pathogenesis of the common late-onset forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Accumulation of misfolded Aβ in the brain is believed to be a net result of imbalance between its production and removal. This in turn may trigger neuroinflammation, progressive synaptic loss, and ultimately cognitive decline. Clearance of cerebral Aβ is a complex process mediated by various systems and cell types, including vascular transport across the blood-brain barrier, glymphatic drainage, and engulfment and degradation by resident microglia and infiltrating innate immune cells...
February 14, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197369/the-transcriptome-of-lung-tumor-infiltrating-dendritic-cells-reveals-a-tumor-supporting-phenotype-and-a-microrna-signature-with-negative-impact-on-clinical-outcome
#6
Lotte Pyfferoen, Elisabeth Brabants, Celine Everaert, Nancy De Cabooter, Kelly Heyns, Kim Deswarte, Manon Vanheerswynghels, Sofie De Prijck, Glenn Waegemans, Melissa Dullaers, Hamida Hammad, Olivier De Wever, Pieter Mestdagh, Jo Vandesompele, Bart N Lambrecht, Karim Y Vermaelen
Targeting immunomodulatory pathways has ushered a new era in lung cancer therapy. Further progress requires deeper insights into the biology of immune cells in the lung cancer micro-environment. Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a heterogeneous and highly plastic immune cell system with a central role in controlling immune responses. The intratumoral infiltration and activation status of DCs are emerging as clinically relevant parameters in lung cancer. In this study, we used an orthotopic preclinical model of lung cancer to dissect how the lung tumor micro-environment affects tissue-resident DCs and extract novel biologically and clinically relevant information...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194937/encapsulating-therapeutic-proteins-with-polyzwitterions-for-lower-macrophage-non-specific-uptake-and-longer-circulation-time
#7
Xiaopei Zhang, Wei Chen, Xinyuan Zhu, Yunfeng Lu
Numerous efforts have been made to promote the efficiency of protein delivery through tuning the protein surface properties such as grafting polymers on protein surface, but limited successes have been achieved and their great clinical expectation has not yet been realized. The main reason is that proteins are readily recognized as foreign materials under physiological conditions due to the genetic distance between species, leading to rapid decrease in activity and clearance by mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS)...
February 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192408/macrophages-confer-survival-signals-via-ccr1-dependent-translational-mcl-1-induction-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#8
M H A van Attekum, S Terpstra, E Slinger, M von Lindern, P D Moerland, A Jongejan, A P Kater, E Eldering
Protective interactions with bystander cells in micro-environmental niches, such as lymph nodes (LNs), contribute to survival and therapy resistance of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. This is caused by a shift in expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family members. Pro-survival proteins B-cell lymphoma-extra large (BCL-XL), BCL-2-related protein A1 (BFL-1) and myeloid leukemia cell differentiation protein 1 (MCL-1) are upregulated by LN-residing T cells through CD40L interaction, presumably via nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling...
February 13, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191879/visualizing-the-early-stages-of-phagocytosis
#9
Ali Rashidfarrokhi, Veronica Richina, Fikadu G Tafesse
The mammalian body is equipped with various layers of mechanisms that help to defend itself from pathogen invasions. Professional phagocytes of the immune system - such as neutrophils, dendritic cells, and macrophages - retain the innate ability to detect and clear such invading pathogens through phagocytosis(1). Phagocytosis involves choreographed events of membrane reorganization and actin remodeling at the cell surface(2)(,)(3). Phagocytes successfully internalize and eradicate foreign molecules only when all stages of phagocytosis are fulfilled...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186095/the-role-of-microrna-expression-in-cortical-development-during-conversion-to-psychosis
#10
Amanda B Zheutlin, Clark D Jeffries, Diana O Perkins, Yoonho Chung, Adam M Chekroud, Jean Addington, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Barbara A Cornblatt, Daniel H Mathalon, Thomas H McGlashan, Larry J Seidman, Elaine F Walker, Scott W Woods, Ming Tsuang, Tyrone D Cannon
In a recent report of the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study (NAPLS), clinical high-risk individuals who converted to psychosis showed a steeper rate of cortical gray matter reduction compared with non-converters and healthy controls, and the rate of cortical thinning was correlated with levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines at baseline. These findings suggest a critical role for microglia, the resident macrophages in the brain, in perturbations of cortical maturation processes associated with onset of psychosis...
February 10, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185913/macrophages-and-skeletal-health
#11
REVIEW
Megan N Michalski, Laurie K McCauley
Bone is in a constant state of remodeling, a process which was once attributed solely to osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Decades of research has identified many other populations of cells in the bone that participate and mediate skeletal homeostasis. Recently, osteal macrophages emerged as vital participants in skeletal remodeling and osseous repair. The exact mechanistic roles of these tissue-resident macrophages are currently under investigation. Macrophages are highly plastic in response to their micro-environment and are typically classified as being pro- or anti-inflammatory (pro-resolving) in nature...
February 7, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185068/physiological-roles-of-macrophages
#12
REVIEW
Siamon Gordon, Luisa Martinez-Pomares
Macrophages are present in mammals from midgestation, contributing to physiologic homeostasis throughout life. Macrophages arise from yolk sac and foetal liver progenitors during embryonic development in the mouse and persist in different organs as heterogeneous, self-renewing tissue-resident populations. Bone marrow-derived blood monocytes are recruited after birth to replenish tissue-resident populations and to meet further demands during inflammation, infection and metabolic perturbations. Macrophages of mixed origin and different locations vary in replication and turnover, but are all active in mRNA and protein synthesis, fulfilling organ-specific and systemic trophic functions, in addition to host defence...
February 9, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182011/tak1-regulates-resident-macrophages-by-protecting-lysosomal-integrity
#13
Yosuke Sakamachi, Sho Morioka, September R Mihaly, Giichi Takaesu, Julie F Foley, Michael B Fessler, Jun Ninomiya-Tsuji
Hematopoietic cell survival and death is critical for development of a functional immune system. Here, we report that a protein kinase, TAK1, is selectively required for resident macrophage integrity during embryogenesis. Hematopoietic lineage-specific deletion of Tak1 gene (Tak1(HKO)) caused accumulation of cellular debris in the thymus in perinatal mice. Although no overt alteration in thymocytes and blood myeloid populations was observed in Tak1(HKO) mice, we found that thymic and lung macrophages were diminished...
February 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181545/gfi1-cre-mice-have-early-onset-progressive-hearing-loss-and-induce-recombination-in-numerous-inner-ear-non-hair-cells
#14
Maggie Matern, Sarath Vijayakumar, Zachary Margulies, Beatrice Milon, Yang Song, Ran Elkon, Xiaoyu Zhang, Sherri M Jones, Ronna Hertzano
Studies of developmental and functional biology largely rely on conditional expression of genes in a cell type-specific manner. Therefore, the importance of specificity and lack of inherent phenotypes for Cre-driver animals cannot be overemphasized. The Gfi1(Cre) mouse is commonly used for conditional hair cell-specific gene deletion/reporter gene activation in the inner ear. Here, using immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, we show that the Gfi1(Cre) mice produce a pattern of recombination that is not strictly limited to hair cells within the inner ear...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178208/effector-mechanisms-of-neutrophils-within-the-innate-immune-system-in-response-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#15
REVIEW
Eric Warren, Garrett Teskey, Vishwanath Venketaraman
Neutrophils have a significant yet controversial role in the innate immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) infection, which is not yet fully understood. In addition to neutrophils' well-known effector mechanisms, they may also help control infection of M. tb through the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which are thought to further promote the killing of M. tb by resident alveolar macrophages. Cytokines such as IFN-γ have now been shown to serve an immunomodulatory role in neutrophil functioning in conjunction to its pro-inflammatory function...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170538/microglia-activation-and-recruitment-of-circulating-macrophages-during-ischemic-experimental-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#16
Andreas Ebneter, Despina Kokona, Nadia Schneider, Martin S Zinkernagel
Purpose: To characterize retinal microglia activation and macrophage recruitment in experimental branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Methods: Experimental BRVO was induced in Balb/c mice and histologic changes were studied. Tissue hypoxia was visualized using pimonidazole hydrochloride. Monocyte-derived retinal cells were quantified using histology and flow cytometry. To investigate the dynamics of invading blood-borne macrophages, chimera mice were generated using bone marrow grafts from Cx3cr1(gfp/gfp) mice to rescue lethally irradiated wild-type BALB/c mice...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167649/efferocytosis-signaling-in-the-regulation-of-macrophage-inflammatory-responses
#17
REVIEW
Michael R Elliott, Kyle M Koster, Patrick S Murphy
Since the pioneering work of Elie Metchnikoff and the discovery of cellular immunity, the phagocytic clearance of cellular debris has been considered an integral component of resolving inflammation and restoring function of damaged and infected tissues. We now know that the phagocytic clearance of dying cells (efferocytosis), particularly by macrophages and other immune phagocytes, has profound consequences on innate and adaptive immune responses in inflamed tissues. These immunomodulatory effects result from an array of molecular signaling events between macrophages, dying cells, and other tissue-resident cells...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166767/microparticles-shed-from-multidrug-resistant-breast-cancer-cells-provide-a-parallel-survival-pathway-through-immune-evasion
#18
Ritu Jaiswal, Michael S Johnson, Deep Pokharel, S Rajeev Krishnan, Mary Bebawy
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women. Resident macrophages at distant sites provide a highly responsive and immunologically dynamic innate immune response against foreign infiltrates. Despite extensive characterization of the role of macrophages and other immune cells in malignant tissues, there is very little known about the mechanisms which facilitate metastatic breast cancer spread to distant sites of immunological integrity. The mechanisms by which a key healthy defense mechanism fails to protect distant sites from infiltration by metastatic cells in cancer patients remain undefined...
February 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165810/the-origin-and-distribution-of-cd68-cd163-and-%C3%AE-sma-positive-cells-in-the-early-phase-after-meniscal-resection-in-a-parabiotic-rat-model
#19
Shozaburo Terai, Yusuke Hashimoto, Kumi Orita, Shinya Yamasaki, Junsei Takigami, Takafumi Shinkuma, Takanori Teraoka, Yohei Nishida, Masafumi Takahashi, Hiroaki Nakamura
We previously reported that circulating peripheral blood-borne cells (PBCs) contribute to early-phase meniscal reparative change. Because macrophages and myofibroblasts are important contributors of tissue regeneration, we examined their origin and distribution in the reparative meniscus. Reparative menisci were evaluated at 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-meniscectomy by immunohistochemistry to locate monocytes and macrophages (stained positive for CD68 and CD163), and myofibroblasts (stained positive for αSMA). Of the total number of cells, 13% were CD68(+) at 1 week post-meniscectomy, which decreased to 1% by 4 weeks post-meniscectomy; of these, almost half of CD68(+) cells (49...
February 6, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157548/cd4-regulatory-t-cells-augment-hiv-1-expression-of-polarized-m1-and-m2-monocyte-derived-macrophages
#20
Tanya O Robinson, Mingce Zhang, Christina Ochsenbauer, Lesley E Smythies, Randall Q Cron
Previous in vitro studies have shown that the HIV-1 virus can alter the cytokine/chemokine profile of polarized macrophages which may lead to their increased susceptibility to viral infection. Here, we found that M2 monocyte derived macrophages (MDM) were significantly more permissive to productive infection by R5-tropic HIV-1 strains, including transmitted founder (T/F) viruses, than M1 MDM. Previous in vitro studies by our lab showed that regulatory T cells (Tregs) suppress HIV-1 infection in non-Treg CD4 T cells...
January 31, 2017: Virology
keyword
keyword
75450
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"