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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098735/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-the-fovea-in-children-born-preterm
#1
Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Nicholas A Iafe, Federico G Velez, Steven D Schwartz, Srinivas R Sadda, David Sarraf, Irena Tsui
PURPOSE: To compare the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area measured by optical coherence tomography angiography in children who had been born preterm with age-matched controls. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational comparative case series, 43 eyes of 26 children (28 eyes of 15 former preterm infants and 15 eyes of 11 former term infants) between the ages of 4 and 12 years old were included. Optical coherence tomography angiography with a scan size of 3 × 3 was performed for all eyes...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098509/-compassionate-use-protocol-for-auditory-brainstem-implantation-in-neurofibromatosis-type-2-early-house-ear-institute-experience
#2
Daniel S Roberts, William H Slattery, Brian S Chen, Steve R Otto, Marc S Schwartz, Gregory P Lekovic
OBJECTIVE: To report the preliminary outcomes of auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) under a compassionate use protocol for two ABI devices that are not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients who underwent microsurgery for vestibular schwannoma (VS) and placement of either the Cochlear ABI541 or Med-El Synchrony ABIs. Peri-operative and device- related complications were reviewed...
January 18, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098339/the-effect-of-blue-light-on-stomatal-oscillations-and-leaf-turgor-pressure-in-banana-leaves
#3
Yotam Zait, Or Shapira, Amnon Schwartz
Stomatal oscillations are cyclic opening and closing of stomata, presumed to initiate from hydraulic mismatch between leaf water supply and transpiration rate. To test this assumption, mismatches between water supply and transpiration were induced using manipulations of VPD (vapor pressure deficit) and light spectrum in banana (Musa acuminata). Simultaneous measurements of gas exchange with changes in leaf turgor pressure were used to describe the hydraulic mismatches. An increase of VPD above a certain threshold, caused stomatal oscillations with variable amplitudes...
January 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097443/axillary-ultrasound-before-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer-don-t-discount-the-benefits-yet
#4
EDITORIAL
Theresa L Schwartz, Julie A Margenthaler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097312/what-van-halen-can-teach-us-about-the-care-of-older-patients
#5
Andrea Wershof Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097179/the-comparison-of-two-types-of-relaxation-techniques-on-postoperative-state-anxiety-in-candidates-for-the-mastectomy-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Zohreh Parsa Yekta, Fatemeh Sadeghian, Taraneh Taghavi Larijani, Abbas Mehran
BACKGROUND: Anxiety among patients after surgery can affect their physiological and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of Benson's relaxation and rhythmic breathing techniques on postoperative anxiety in candidates for the mastectomy surgery. METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial study was conducted with ninety patients in 2013. The patients were hospitalized for the mastectomy surgery in three surgical wards in a teaching hospital, Tehran, Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096472/myosin-vi-facilitates-connexin-43-gap-junction-accretion
#7
Bennett Waxse, Prabuddha Sengupta, Geoffrey G Hesketh, Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, Folma Buss
In this study, we demonstrate myosin VI enrichment at Cx43 gap junctions in heart tissue, primary cardiomyocytes and cell culture models. The loss of myosin VI via siRNA-mediated knock down or isolation of primary cardiac tissue and fibroblasts from the myosin VI-null mouse results in reduced GJ plaque size with a concomitant reduction in intercellular communication as shown by FRAP and a new method of selective calcein administration. Analysis of the molecular role of myosin VI in Cx43 trafficking indicates that myosin VI is dispensable in the delivery of Cx43 to the cell surface and connexon movement in the plasma membrane...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095538/exogenous-factors-in-skin-barrier-repair
#8
Julia Schwartz, Adam J Friedman
The stratum corneum (SC) is the skin's outermost layer and serves the primary function of acting as a shield to keep foreign matter out and to essential elements, such as moisture and water, in. Maintenance of this skin barrier is crucial to healthy functioning skin. A damaged or diseased skin barrier is vulnerable to infection, irritants, and allergens. The cornerstone of skin barrier regulation and repair is through the use of moisturizers. While healthcare providers and patients may underestimate the importance of moisturizers due to their lack of active ingredients, the benefit of a well-planned moisturizer regimen for skin barrier regulation should not be discounted...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095466/substrate-stiffness-controls-osteoblastic-and-chondrocytic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-without-exogenous-stimuli
#9
Rene Olivares-Navarrete, Erin M Lee, Kathryn Smith, Sharon L Hyzy, Maryam Doroudi, Joseph K Williams, Ken Gall, Barbara D Boyan, Zvi Schwartz
Stem cell fate has been linked to the mechanical properties of their underlying substrate, affecting mechanoreceptors and ultimately leading to downstream biological response. Studies have used polymers to mimic the stiffness of extracellular matrix as well as of individual tissues and shown mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be directed along specific lineages. In this study, we examined the role of stiffness in MSC differentiation to two closely related cell phenotypes: osteoblast and chondrocyte. We prepared four methyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate (MA/MMA) polymer surfaces with elastic moduli ranging from 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094109/significant-changes-in-the-6th-edition-of-fact-jacie-standards-affecting-apheresis-facilities
#10
REVIEW
Joseph Schwartz
FACT-JACIE cellular therapy standards are being revised every 3years and currently in their 6th edition. Significant changes in the 6th edition of the standards that affect apheresis facilities participating in cellular therapy product collections are presented.
December 30, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093937/unmet-needs-in-developing-nanoparticles-for-precision-medicine
#11
Simo Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093685/sleep-duration-obesity-and-asthma-in-florida-adolescents-analysis-of-data-from-the-florida-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2009-2013
#12
Chighaf Bakour, Kathleen O'Rourke, Skai Schwartz, Wei Wang, William Sappenfield, Marisa Couluris
PURPOSE: To examine the association between sleep duration and asthma among Florida high school students and whether body mass index (BMI) modifies this association. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 16,728 participants in the Florida Youth Risk Behavior Survey (2009-2013). Using logistic regression, we examined the association between sleep duration and asthma, and, after controlling for potential confounders, analyzed the interaction between sleep duration and BMI...
January 16, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093579/progression-of-transsynaptic-retinal-degeneration-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#13
Stephen G Schwartz, Armando Monroig, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To illustrate the progression of retrograde transsynaptic retinal degeneration using spectral- domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). OBSERVATIONS: A 60 year-old man with a stroke was followed over a 17-month period using SD-OCT of the macula, ganglion cell layer (GCC), and retinal nerve fiber layer. Transsynaptic retinal degeneration progressed over this time. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPORTANCE: Retrograde transsynaptic retinal degeneration may occur in patients with homonymous visual field loss caused by post-geniculate neurologic disease...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092362/the-role-of-endothelial-hif-1-%C3%AE-in-the-response-to-sublethal-hypoxia-in-c57bl-6-mouse-pups
#14
Qi Li, Michael Michaud, Chan Park, Yan Huang, Rachael Couture, Frank Girodano, Michael L Schwartz, Joseph A Madri
Chronic sublethal hypoxia, a complication of premature birth, is associated with cognitive and motor handicaps. Responsiveness to and recovery from this hypoxic environment is dependent on induction of HIF-1 α in the cells affected. Microvascular endothelial-glial and microvascular endothelial-neuronal precursor interactions have been found to be dynamic and reciprocal, involving autocrine and paracrine signaling, with response and recovery correlated with baseline levels and levels of induction of HIF-1 α...
January 16, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089986/estimating-glomerular-filtration-rate-for-the-full-age-spectrum-from-serum-creatinine-and-cystatin-c
#15
Hans Pottel, Pierre Delanaye, Elke Schaeffner, Laurence Dubourg, Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Toralf Melsom, Edmund J Lamb, Andrew D Rule, Stephen T Turner, Richard J Glassock, Vandréa De Souza, Luciano Selistre, Karolien Goffin, Steven Pauwels, Christophe Mariat, Martin Flamant, Natalie Ebert
BACKGROUND: We recently published and validated the new serum creatinine (Scr)-based full-age-spectrum equation (FAScrea) for estimating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for healthy and kidney-diseased subjects of all ages. The equation was based on the concept of normalized Scr and shows equivalent to superior prediction performance to the currently recommended equations for children, adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: Based on an evaluation of the serum cystatin C (ScysC) distribution, we defined normalization constants for ScysC (QcysC = 0...
January 15, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089411/apheresis-medicine-education-in-the-united-states-of-america-state-of-the-discipline
#16
REVIEW
Monica B Pagano, Gay Wehrli, Darlene Cloutier, Eileen Galvin Karr, Ileana Lopez-Plaza, Joseph Schwartz, Chester Andrzejewski, Jeffrey L Winters, Edward C C Wong, Yanyun Wu, Nicole D Zantek
Apheresis Medicine is a medical discipline that involves a variety of procedures (based on the targeted component to be removed or collected), indications (therapeutic vs. donation), and personnel (operators, management, and medical oversight). Apheresis services are accredited and/or regulated by a number of agencies and organizations. Given the complexity and the heterogeneity of apheresis services, it has been particularly challenging to formulate educational goals and define curriculums that easily cover all aspects of Apheresis Medicine...
December 29, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089098/toward-a-collaborative-model-of-pandemic-preparedness-and-response-taiwan-s-changing-approach-to-pandemics
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan Schwartz, Muh-Yong Yen
BACKGROUND: Over time, as newly emerging infectious diseases have become increasingly common and more easily spread, it has become clear that traditional response mechanisms have proven inadequate to the task of prevention and control. PURPOSE: To explore whether enhanced cooperation with local government and community institutions can effectively supplement traditional state-centric public health epidemic responses. METHODS: Drawing on Taiwan as a case study, we assess the role of the whole-of-society approach to epidemic response as arises from the collaborative governance literature...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088669/micro-mechanical-properties-of-the-tendon-to-bone-attachment
#18
Alix C Deymier, Yiran An, John J Boyle, Andrea G Schwartz, Victor Birman, Guy M Genin, Stavros Thomopoulos, Asa H Barber
: The tendon-to-bone attachment (enthesis) is a complex hierarchical tissue that connects stiff bone to compliant tendon. The attachment site at the micrometer scale exhibits gradients in mineral content and collagen orientation, which likely act to minimize stress concentrations. The physiological micromechanics of the attachment thus define resultant performance, but difficulties in sample preparation and mechanical testing at this scale have restricted understanding of structure-mechanical function...
January 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087018/a-case-of-onychomatricoma-classic-clinical-dermoscopic-and-nail-clipping-histologic-findings
#19
Lauren Goldlust Okon, Nazanin Saedi, Laurel Schwartz, Jason B Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079840/re-preparing-pediatric-international-travelers-for-travelers-diarrhea-insights-from-the-global-travepinet
#20
Miguel O'Ryan, Eli Schwartz, Shai Ashkenazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
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