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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657422/three-strigeid-cercariae-from-littorina-littorea-snail-qarun-lake-fayoum-egypt
#1
Fayez A Bakry, Marwa Th Atwa, Marwa M Attia
Aim: The present study aims to focus on the role of common marine snails ( Littorina littorea) as a vector for some trematode parasites. Materials and Methods: A total of 327 marine water L. littorea snails were collected during the summer of 2016 from a Qarun lake in the EL-Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. The snails were investigated for infection by trematode parthenitae through induction of cercarial shedding by exposure to light and crushing the snails. The species were stored in Search Laboratory of Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Fayoum University...
March 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655472/considerations-for-treatment-of-large-zoologic-collections-fish
#2
REVIEW
Claire D Erlacher-Reid
Aquatic species live most or all their lives in water; therefore, the health of the environment is intimately connected to their health and medical care. Understanding and maintaining appropriate husbandry and nutrition for the housed aquarium species are essential to sustain health. Most diseases of fish are secondary opportunistic infections; prevention and early diagnosis are recommended. Treatments involve environmental and/or nutritional management first, followed by targeted pharmacologic treatment to control a specific pathogen...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655471/group-treatment-strategies-for-animals-in-a-zoologic-setting
#3
REVIEW
Katie W Delk, Christine M Molter
Providing care for groups of animals is a major part of practicing zoologic medicine. Herd health is key to the mindset of a zoo clinician no matter the species encountered. Group treatment of amphibians and birds is common, but it is uncommon in reptiles and most mammals. The main reason groups of mammals are treated is for gastrointestinal parasitism. In addition to the classic examples of group treatment involving chemotherapeutics, zoo clinicians also practice herd health by preventing disease from entering the collection...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621889/impacts-of-natural-history-and-exhibit-factors-on-carnivore-welfare
#4
Lance J Miller, Jamie A Ivy, Greg A Vicino, Ivana G Schork
To improve the welfare of nonhuman animals under professional care, zoological institutions are continuously utilizing new methods to identify factors that lead to optimal welfare. Comparative methods have historically been used in the field of evolutionary biology but are increasingly being applied in the field of animal welfare. In the current study, data were obtained from direct behavioral observation and institutional records representing 80 individual animals from 34 different species of the order Carnivora...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580172/paw-preferences-in-the-asian-small-clawed-otter-using-an-inexpensive-video-based-protocol-to-study-laterality-of-rare-species-in-the-zoo
#5
Martina Manns, Felix Ströckens, Philipp Stavenhagen, Sebastian Ocklenburg
It is still debated whether limb-use preferences represent a common trait in vertebrates, which is based on a shared phylogenetic history. Unravelling the evolutionary origin and pattern of paw preferences in vertebrates requires the analysis of a larger number of species within an ecologically relevant setting. We therefore investigated whether observations in a zoo enable the collection of reliable data sets by quantifying paw use in two independent groups of Asian small-clawed otters (Amblonyx cinerea). Employing a continuous focal animal sampling method, each day one of the ten individuals was video recorded from outside of the enclosure during usual activity...
March 26, 2018: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569705/histological-and-immunohistochemical-characterization-of-uterine-adenocarcinoma-in-an-asian-elephant-elephas-maximus
#6
Pietro Laricchiuta, Valeria Russo, Alessandro Costagliola, Giuseppe Piegari, Michele Capasso, Pasquale Silvestre, Manuela Martano, Orlando Paciello
A 56 year old nulliparous female Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) living at the zoological garden of Naples (Italy), with a clinical history of recurrent colic, was found in agonal state and humane euthanasia was elected. At necropsy the uterine body was moderately increased in size and the lumen was reduced due to a poorly demarcated and infiltrative neoplasm. Furthermore, multiple, whitish, firm nodules were present in both lungs. Histological examination of the uterine mass revealed epithelial cells arranged in tubular or solid pattern infiltrating the endometrium and the muscular layer...
March 23, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566178/the-efficacy-and-pharmacokinetics-of-terbinafine-against-the-frog-killing-fungus-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis
#7
Alexandra A Roberts, Lee Berger, Sherryl G Robertson, Rebecca J Webb, Tiffany A Kosch, Michael McFadden, Lee F Skerratt, Beverley D Glass, Cherie A Motti, Laura A Brannelly
Captive and wild amphibians are under threat of extinction from the deadly fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). The antifungal drug terbinafine (TBF) is used by pet owners to treat Bd-infected frogs; however, it is not widely used in academic or zoological institutions due to limited veterinary clinical trials. To assess TBF's efficacy, we undertook treatment trials and pharmacokinetic studies to investigate drug absorption and persistence in frog skin; and then we correlated these data to the minimal lethal concentrations (MLC) against Bd...
March 16, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559131/balancing-knowledge-and-basic-principles-in-veterinary-parasitology-competencies-for-future-danish-veterinary-graduates
#8
Stig Milan Thamsborg, Maria Vang Johansen, Peter Nejsum, Andrew R Williams, Helena Mejer
Veterinary parasitology has always been considered to be relevant and interesting by the Danish veterinary students. Students have to acquaint themselves with many new, small creatures with complicated and varied life cycles and with intricate Latin names that are difficult to pronounce, as only a few parasites have Danish names. In our veterinary curriculum, zoology has disappeared as a discipline, and parasitology has gradually moved from the third year to the beginning of the second year, which implies that, for example, pathology and pharmacology are "unknown fields"...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536015/member-perceptions-of-the-one-health-initiative-at-a-zoological-institution
#9
Hannah Padda, Amy Niedbalski, Erin Tate, Sharon L Deem
Zoological institutions play an important role in promoting the goals of the One Health movement. We launched the Institute for Conservation Medicine (ICM) at the Saint Louis Zoo in 2011 to advance the goals of One Health. In 2016, we distributed a survey to Zoo members to evaluate member awareness and understanding of One Health and to provide direction for future communication and actions from the ICM. We hypothesized that Zoo members would be aware of One Health and care about infectious disease issues. Survey results showed Zoo members primarily cared about chronic, non-infectious diseases and their associated economic costs, with participants ranking their top three health issues of concern for humans as nutrition/obesity/diet (49%), costs of health care (48%), and cancer (37%)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521793/anesthesia-at-royal-melbourne-zoological-gardens
#10
Kevin Moriarty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517459/a-retrospective-study-of-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-north-american-amur-leopard-panthera-pardus-orientalis-population-in-zoologic-institutions-from-1992-to-2014
#11
Julia E Napier, Michael S Lund, Douglas L Armstrong, Denise McAloose
The Amur leopard ( Panthera pardus orientalis) is one of the most critically endangered leopards on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature red list. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to identify common and significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the North American Amur leopard zoo population. This information provides insights that contribute to their improved care, health, and medical management and, ultimately, affects the sustainability of this leopard subspecies in the wild...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517451/assessing-the-efficacy-of-deslorelin-acetate-implants-suprelorin-in-alternative-placement-sites
#12
Veronica B Cowl, Susan L Walker, Yedra Feltrer Rambaud
Hormonal contraception is being increasingly used to manage captive animals in zoological collections. Many of the animals placed on contraception are of genetic importance within captive breeding programs; therefore, it is imperative that the application of contraceptive products minimize potential side effects and facilitate a return to fertility if required. Deslorelin acetate implants (Suprelorin®) are one example of a hormonal contraceptive that is frequently used in captivity as they are easy to use and effective in most species...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517438/histopathologic-characteristics-of-thyroid-gland-neoplasms-in-thomson-s-gazelles-eudorcus-thomsonii
#13
Stephanie J French, Michael M Garner, Matti Kiupel
Published reports of neoplasms in Thomson's gazelles ( Eudorcas thomsonii) are very rare, but thyroid tumors were the most common neoplasm of this species, accounting for 12% of reported pathologies in a 1998-2012 retrospective study of cases submitted for histologic review of grossly enlarged thyroid glands. This report describes the histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of thyroid neoplasms in 10 Thomson's gazelles from five different zoological collections. Neoplasms were submitted as biopsies from six gazelles or collected during necropsy from four gazelles...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517437/gastrointestinal-parasites-in-captive-and-free-ranging-birds-and-potential-cross-transmission-in-a-zoo-environment
#14
Patricio D Carrera-Játiva, Eric R Morgan, Michelle Barrows, Torsten Wronski
Gastrointestinal parasites are commonly reported in wild birds, but transmission amongst avifauna in zoological settings, and between these captive birds and wild birds in surrounding areas, remains poorly understood. A survey was undertaken to investigate the occurrence of gastrointestinal parasites in captive and free-ranging birds at Bristol Zoo Gardens between May and July 2016. A total of 348 fecal samples from 32 avian species were examined using the Mini-FLOTAC flotation method. Parasites were detected in 31% (45/145) of samples from captive birds and in 65...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517434/detection-of-ophidiomyces-ophiodiicola-in-two-captive-bocourt-water-snakes-subsessor-bocourti-and-one-captive-pueblan-milk-snake-lampropeltis-triangulum-campbelli
#15
Pierre Picquet, Kim O Heckers, Ekaterina Kolesnik, Anton Heusinger, Rachel E Marschang
Two captive Bocourt water snakes ( Subsessor bocourti) presented with chronic white skin lesions on their heads; Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola was identified by culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in skin scrapings from both snakes. Histopathology performed in one Bocourt water snake revealed fungal hyphae in epidermal structures of lesions. One Pueblan milk snake ( Lampropeltis triangulum campbelli) from the same zoologic institution presented with yellow crusts and white blisters on its body, from which O...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517430/clinicopathologic-features-of-infection-with-novel-brucella-organisms-in-captive-waxy-tree-frogs-phyllomedusa-sauvagii-and-colorado-river-toads-incilius-alvarius
#16
Kelly E Helmick, Michael M Garner, Jack Rhyan, Daniel Bradway
Two novel and distinct Brucella strains were recovered from 5 of 10 adult, sex undetermined, captive waxy tree frogs ( Phyllomedusa sauvagii) and two of five adult, sex undetermined, captive Colorado river toads ( Incilius alvarius) held in a zoologic collection with clinical and pathologic findings of bacterial disease. These amphibians originated from three separate private breeding facilities over several years and exhibited disease 9-49 mo following release from quarantine. Common presenting signs were vague but included focal abscessation, weight loss, change in coloration, anorexia, and decreased perching...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516441/walrus-history-around-the-north-water-human-animal-relations-in-a-long-term-perspective
#17
Anne Birgitte Gotfredsen, Martin Appelt, Kirsten Hastrup
This article highlights the relationship between walruses and humans in and around the North Water polynya in a long-term perspective. The present study draws on a combination of biological, archaeological, archaeo-zoological, historical, and ethnographic sources covering the period from the 8th century AD to the late 20th century. The study demonstrates that the walrus was an important resource of meat, blubber, and other products throughout all the studied periods, if always supplemented by other kinds of game...
March 7, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513199/apes-skulls-and-drums-using-images-to-make-ethnographic-knowledge-in-imperial-germany
#18
Marissa H Petrou
In this paper, I discuss the development and use of images employed by the Dresden Royal Museum for Zoology, Anthropology and Ethnography to resolve debates about how to use visual representation as a means of making ethnographic knowledge. Through experimentation with techniques of visual representation, the founding director, A.B. Meyer (1840-1911), proposed a historical, non-essentialist approach to understanding racial and cultural difference. Director Meyer's approach was inspired by the new knowledge he had gained through field research in Asia-Pacific as well as new forms of imaging that made highly detailed representations of objects possible...
March 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511139/2018-new-year-address-of-zoological-research
#19
Yong-Gang Yao, Xue-Long Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: Zoological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500060/thermoregulation-of-a-temperate-reptile-in-a-forested-habitat
#20
Ilse Corkery, Ben D Bell, Nicola J Nelson
A major focus in zoology is to understand the phenotypic responses of animals to environmental variation. This is particularly important when dealing with ectotherms in a thermally heterogenous environment. We measured body temperatures of a free-ranging, medium sized temperate reptile, the tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus, to investigate its thermal opportunities and the degree to which the animal actively regulates its body temperature. We found high variation in body temperature between individuals, but this variation could not be attributed to sex or body size...
February 7, 2018: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
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