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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192034/bvzs-calls-on-the-rcvs-to-reinstate-its-diploma-in-zoological-medicine
#1
Robin Fearon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183933/on-growth-and-form-in-context-an-interview-with-matthew-jarron
#2
Aidan Maartens
D'Arcy Thompson was born in 1860, trained in Edinburgh and Cambridge, and held positions in Dundee and St Andrews, where he worked until his death in 1948. On Growth and Form, his classic work on the mathematical patterns and physical rules underlying biological forms, was first published in 1917. To learn more about the book's context, we met Matthew Jarron, Curator of Museum Services at the University of Dundee, in the University's D'Arcy Thompson Zoology Museum. Surrounded by specimens, many of which were collected by Thompson himself, we discussed the legacy of On Growth and Form and the life of the man behind it...
December 1, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165867/applying-behavior-analytic-methodology-to-the-science-and-practice-of-environmental-enrichment-in-zoos-and-aquariums
#3
Christina A Alligood, Nicole R Dorey, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Katherine A Leighty
Environmental enrichment in zoos and aquariums is often evaluated at two overlapping levels: published research and day-to-day institutional record keeping. Several authors have discussed ongoing challenges with small sample sizes in between-groups zoological research and have cautioned against the inappropriate use of inferential statistics (Shepherdson, , International Zoo Yearbook, 38, 118-124; Shepherdson, Lewis, Carlstead, Bauman, & Perrin, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 147, 298-277; Swaisgood, , Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 102, 139-162; Swaisgood & Shepherdson, , Zoo Biology, 24, 499-518)...
May 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134680/vocal-activities-reflect-the-temporal-distribution-of-bottlenose-dolphin-social-and-non-social-activity-in-a-zoological-park
#4
Alice Lima, Alban Lemasson, Martin Boye, Martine Hausberger
Under natural conditions bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) spend their time mostly feeding and then travelling, socializing, or resting. These activities are not randomly distributed, with feeding being higher in early morning and late afternoon. Social activities and vocal behavior seem to be very important in dolphin daily activity. This study aimed to describe the activity time-budget and its relation to vocal behavior for dolphins in a zoological park. We recorded behaviors and vocalizations of six dolphins over 2 months...
November 14, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130353/for-the-greater-credibility-jesuit-science-and-education-in-modern-portugal-1858-1910
#5
Francisco Malta Romeiras
Upon the restoration of the Society of Jesus in Portugal in 1858, the Jesuits founded two important colleges that made significant efforts in the promotion of hands-on experimental teaching of the natural sciences. At the Colégio de Campolide (Lisbon, 1858-1910) and the Colégio de São Fiel (Louriçal do Campo, 1863-1910) the Jesuits created modern chemistry and physics laboratories, organized significant botanical, zoological and geological collections, promoted scientific expeditions with their students to observe eclipses and to collect novel species of animals and plants, and engaged in original research work in physics, botany, and zoology...
November 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114125/prevalence-of-amblyomma-gervaisi-ticks-on-captive-snakes-in-tamil-nadu
#6
B R Catherine, M G Jayathangaraj, C Soundararajan, C Bala Guru, D Yogaraj
Ticks are the important ectoparasites that occur on snakes and transmit rickettsiosis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis. A total of 62 snakes (Reticulated python, Indian Rock Python, Rat snakes and Spectacled cobra) were examined for tick infestation at Chennai Snake Park Trust (Guindy), Arignar Anna Zoological Park (Vandalur) and Rescue centre (Velachery) in Tamil Nadu from September, 2015 to June, 2016. Ticks from infested snakes were collected and were identified as Amblyomma gervaisi (previously known as Aponomma gervaisi)...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105825/improved-capture-of-stable-flies-diptera-muscidae-by-placement-of-knight-stick-sticky-fly-traps-protected-by-electric-fence-inside-animal-exhibit-yards-at-the-smithsonian-s-national-zoological-park
#7
Jerome A Hogsette, Gregory A Ose
Stable flies are noxious blood-feeding pests of exotic animals at zoological parks, inflicting painful bites, and causing discomfort to animals. Stable fly management is difficult because of the flies' tendency to remain on the host animals only when feeding. Non-toxic traps can be efficient but traps placed around exhibit perimeters captured fewer-than-expected numbers of flies. By surrounding traps with square electric fence enclosures, traps could be placed in the exhibits with the host animals and compared with an equal number of traps placed along perimeter fences...
November 5, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094700/zoology-the-joys-of-spinelessness
#8
Lisa-Ann Gershwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068704/effects-of-enrichment-presentation-and-other-factors-on-behavioral-welfare-of-pantropical-spotted-dolphin-stenella-attenuata
#9
Barbara C Perez, Lindsay R Mehrkam, Amanda R Foltz, Nicole R Dorey
Environmental enrichment is a crucial element of promoting welfare for animals in captivity. However, enrichment programs are not always formally evaluated for their efficacy. Furthermore, there is little empirical evidence of enrichment evaluation for species of small cetaceans in zoological settings. A wide range of variables may potentially influence enrichment efficacy and how it in turn affects behavior. The purpose of this study was to determine the most preferred environmental enrichment, and method of presentation, for a species that has not been well studied in captivity, the pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067199/antibiotic-resistance-in-conjunctival-and-enteric-bacterial-flora-in-raptors-housed-in-a-zoological-garden
#10
Andrea Sala, Simone Taddei, Davide Santospirito, Camillo Sandri, William Magnone, Clotilde S Cabassi
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in a wide range of infectious agents is a growing public health threat. Birds of prey are considered indicators of the presence of AMR bacteria in their ecosystem because of their predatory behaviour. Only few data are reported in the literature on AMR strains isolated from animals housed in zoos and none about AMR in raptors housed in zoological gardens. This study investigated the antibiotic sensitivity profile of the isolates obtained from the conjunctival and cloacal bacterial flora of 14 healthy birds of prey, 6 Accipitriformes, 3 Falconiformes and 5 Strigiformes, housed in an Italian zoological garden...
November 2016: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046414/early-career-researchers-an-interview-with-jodie-rummer
#11
(no author information available yet)
Jodie Rummer is an Associate Professor at James Cook University, Australia, where she specialises in conservation physiology. She received her Bachelor's degree in Marine Biology and her Master's degree from the University of West Florida, USA. Rummer then moved to the University of British Columbia, Canada, for her PhD in Zoology with Colin Brauner, after which she completed a short postdoc with Dave Randall at the City University of Hong Kong. She has been recognised with a L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Fellowship and was one of the Australia Broadcasting Corporation's Top Five Scientists under 40 in 2016...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031945/assessing-colour-preference-in-aldabra-giant-tortoises-geochelone-gigantea
#12
Caterina Spiezio, Carola Leonardi, Barbara Regaiolli
Tortoises perceive different colours and rely on the visual system to find food. However, few studies have considered colour preference in tortoises, especially in land species. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Aldabra giant tortoises (Geochelone gigantea) housed in Parco Natura Viva (VR), an Italian zoological garden, show a specific colour preference in their social context. The study was divided into two different periods in which red and yellow balls of the same size were scattered around in the outdoor enclosure...
October 12, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030716/prevalence-transmission-and-host-specificity-of-cryptosporidium-spp-in-various-animal-groups-from-two-french-zoos
#13
Marwan Osman, Dima El Safadi, Sadia Benamrouz-Vanneste, Amandine Cian, Romain Moriniere, Nausicaa Gantois, Pilar Delgado-Viscogliosi, Karine Guyot, Stéphanie Bosc, Magali Chabé, Thierry Petit, Eric Viscogliosi, Gabriela Certad
Cryptosporidium represents a major cause of gastrointestinal illness in humans and animals including domestic, wild, and in captivity animals, and more than 30 validated species of Cryptosporidium are recognized as infectious to different hosts such as mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish. Therefore, numerous investigations have been conducted worldwide in order to shed light on the epidemiology of this parasite and to explore its potential reservoirs. Few surveys, targeting humans and animals have been carried out regarding the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp...
December 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971533/growth-rate-and-stable-carbon-and-nitrogen-isotope-trophic-discrimination-factors-of-lion-and-leopard-whiskers
#14
Ruwimbo Mutirwara, Frans G T Radloff, Daryl Codron
RATIONALE: Stable isotope analysis (SIA) of whiskers has been used to identify temporal feeding habits, intra-population diet variation, as well as individual dietary specialisation of marine and terrestrial carnivores. However, the potential of the method to disclose such dietary information for large wild felids is hampered by lack of information on species-specific whisker growth rates, whisker growth patterns and whisker-diet trophic discrimination factors (TDFs). METHODS: Whisker growth rates and growth patterns were measured for four lions Panthera leo and one leopard Panthera pardus held at the National Zoological Gardens, Pretoria, South Africa...
October 3, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957461/evolution-of-alu-subfamily-structure-in-the-saimiri-lineage-of-new-world-monkeys
#15
Jasmine N Baker, Jerilyn A Walker, John A Vanchiere, Kacie R Phillippe, Corey P St Romain, Paulina Gonzalez-Quiroga, Michael W Denham, Jackson R Mierl, Miriam K Konkel, Mark A Batzer
Squirrel monkeys, Saimiri, are commonly found in zoological parks and used in biomedical research. S. boliviensis is the most common species for research; however, there is little information about genome evolution within this primate lineage. Here, we reconstruct the Alu element sequence amplification and evolution in the genus Saimiri at the time of divergence within the family Cebidae lineage. Alu elements are the most successful SINE (Short Interspersed Element) in primates. Here, we report 46 Saimiri lineage specific Alu subfamilies...
September 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933323/on-names-of-genera-of-prokaryotes-that-are-later-homonyms-of-generic-names-with-standing-in-the-zoological-or-the-botanical-nomenclature-proposal-of-neomegalonema-gen-nov-and-neomegalonema-perideroedes-comb-nov-as-replacements-for-the-prokaryotic-generic-name
#16
Aharon Oren
I here present a survey of generic names with standing in the prokaryotic nomenclature that have homonyms with standing under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and/or the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. I especially discuss such names added after Principle 2 of the Bacteriological Code/Prokaryotic Code was changed in 1999 to make the prokaryote nomenclature not independent of botanical and zoological nomenclature. Cases include the genera Micromonas, Quadrococcus, Yania, Sinococcus, and Meganema...
October 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920811/salt-bath-as-a-treatment-for-idiopathic-dermatitis-in-captive-nile-hippopotamus-hippopotamus-amphibius
#17
Kelly E Helmick
Ulcerative skin lesions were observed in two captive adult female hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius) from a zoological collection. Lesions appeared as cracking, peeling, or vesicles of the skin affecting the lateral and ventral aspects of the neck, limbs, thorax, and abdomen, dorsum, toes, and perineal region. Some lesions drained blood, serum, or purulent material. Histologic evaluation of sloughed skin consisted of deep dermal collagen with bacterial cellulitis and vasculitis and superficial fungal colonization...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920776/establishing-normal-fecal-flora-in-wild-australian-passerine-birds-by-use-of-the-fecal-gram-stain
#18
Benjamin Latham, Alan Leishman, John Martin, David Phalen
The purpose of this study was to determine the normal fecal bacterial and fungal flora and parasite prevalence in wild passerine birds found at the Australian Botanic Garden (Mount Annan, New South Wales). Wild passerine birds (n = 186) from 28 species were captured with mist nets. Fecal Gram stains (n = 155) were made from 26 species and analyzed for bacterial density, Gram stain morphology, and the presence of yeast. Fecal wet preparations (n = 139) were made from 24 passerine species and were analyzed for parasites...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902889/on-specimen-killing-in-the-era-of-conservation-crisis-a-quantitative-case-for-modernizing-taxonomy-and-biodiversity-inventories
#19
Patrick O Waeber, Charlie J Gardner, Wilson R Lourenço, Lucienne Wilmé
BACKGROUND TO THE WORK: For centuries taxonomy has relied on dead animal specimens, a practice that persists today despite the emergence of innovative biodiversity assessment methods. Taxonomists and conservationists are engaged in vigorous discussions over the necessity of killing animals for specimen sampling, but quantitative data on taxonomic trends and specimen sampling over time, which could inform these debates, are lacking. METHODS: We interrogated a long-term research database documenting 2,723 land vertebrate and 419 invertebrate taxa from Madagascar, and their associated specimens conserved in the major natural history museums...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901580/feeding-live-invertebrate-prey-in-zoos-and-aquaria-are-there-welfare-concerns
#20
REVIEW
Martha Keller
Invertebrates constitute more than 90% of all species on earth, however, as a rule, humans do not regard invertebrates as creatures that can suffer and they are generally seen as creatures that should be eliminated. As a result, the importance of their welfare may be grossly unappreciated. For instance, the feeding of live food is often viewed as a good method of enrichment and invertebrates are commonly used as live prey in many zoological facilities. As a result, zoos may send mixed messages to their patrons in that welfare is considered only for the invertebrates that are part of their zoological collection and not necessarily for the invertebrates used as feed...
September 2017: Zoo Biology
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