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Murid herpesvirus 3

Marcela Kúdelová, Petra Belvončíková, Michaela Vrbová, Alžbeta Kovaľová, Iveta Štibrániová, Paulína Kocáková, Mirko Slovák, Eva Špitalská, Barbora Lapuníková, Radka Matúšková, Miroslava Šupolíková
Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV 4) strain 68 (MHV-68) is a natural pathogen of murid rodents, which serves as hosts to Dermacentor reticulatus ticks. These ticks are known to transmit multiple pathogens, which can cause diseases in humans and animals. Recently, the detection of MHV-68 antibodies in the blood of animals living in the same biotope as virus-infected mice has suggested the role of ticks in pathogen circulation in nature. Herein, to identify MHV-68 in D. reticulatus ticks, DNA samples from 432 adults were collected at two sites in southwestern Slovakia from 2011 to 2014...
October 2015: Microbial Ecology
Bruno Frederico, Ricardo Milho, Janet S May, Laurent Gillet, Philip G Stevenson
Gamma-herpesviruses persist in lymphocytes and cause disease by driving their proliferation. Lymphocyte infection is therefore a key pathogenetic event. Murid Herpesvirus-4 (MuHV-4) is a rhadinovirus that like the related Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated Herpesvirus persists in B cells in vivo yet infects them poorly in vitro. Here we used MuHV-4 to understand how virion tropism sets the path to lymphocyte colonization. Virions that were highly infectious in vivo showed a severe post-binding block to B cell infection...
September 2012: PLoS Pathogens
Sara Dolatshahi Pirooz, Joo-Hyung Lee, Zhen Zhao, Duojiao Ni, Soohwan Oh, Chengyu Liang
γ-Herpesviruses (γ-HVs) are notable for their ability to establish latent infections of lymphoid cells(1). The narrow host range of human γ-HVs, such as EBV and KSHV, has severely hindered detailed pathogenic studies. Murine γ-herpesvirus 68 (γHV68) shares extensive genetic and biological similarities with human γ-HVs and is a natural pathogen of murid rodents(2). As such, evaluation of γHV68 infection of mice inbred strains at different stages of viral infection provides an important model for understanding viral lifecycle and pathogenesis during γ-HVs infection...
2011: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Alla Teterina, Dania Richter, Franz-Rainer Matuschka, Bernhard Ehlers, Sebastian Voigt
Rodent betaherpesviruses vary considerably in genomic content, and these variations can result in a distinct pathogenicity. Therefore, the identification of unknown betaherpesviruses in house mice (Mus musculus), the most important rodent host species in basic research, is of importance. During a search for novel herpesviruses in house mice using herpesvirus consensus PCR and attempts to isolate viruses in tissue culture, we identified a previously unknown betaherpesvirus. The primary PCR search in mouse organs revealed the presence of known strains of murine cytomegalovirus (Murid herpesvirus 1) and of Mus musculus rhadinovirus 1 only...
2009: Virology Journal
Miguel Gaspar, Michael B Gill, Jens-Bernhard Lösing, Janet S May, Philip G Stevenson
All gamma-herpesviruses encode at least one homolog of the cellular enzyme formyl-glycineamide-phosphoribosyl-amidotransferase. Murid herpesvirus-4 (MuHV-4) encodes 3 (ORFs 75a, 75b and 75c), suggesting that at least some copies have acquired new functions. Here we show that the corresponding proteins are all present in virions and localize to infected cell nuclei. Despite these common features, ORFs 75a and 75b did not substitute functionally for a lack of ORF75c, as ORF75c virus knockouts were severely impaired for lytic replication in vitro and for host colonization in vivo...
2008: PloS One
S D Becker, M Bennett, J P Stewart, J L Hurst
The serological prevalence of 13 murine viruses was surveyed among 103 wild-caught and 51 captive-bred house mice (Mus domesticus), originating from several trapping locations in northwest England, using blood samples obtained during routine health screening of an established wild mouse colony. A high proportion of recently caught wild mice were seropositive for mouse hepatitis virus (86%), mouse cytomegalovirus (79%), mouse thymic virus (78%), mouse adenovirus (68%), mouse parvovirus (59%) and minute virus of mice (41%)...
April 2007: Laboratory Animals
Jill Douglas, Bernadette Dutia, Susan Rhind, James P Stewart, Simon J Talbot
Murid herpesvirus 4 (commonly called MHV-68) is closely related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and provides an excellent model system for investigating gammaherpesvirus-associated pathogenesis. MHV-76 is a naturally occurring deletion mutant of MHV-68 that lacks 9,538 bp of the left end of the unique portion of the genome encoding nonessential pathogenesis-related genes. The KSHV K1 protein has been shown to transform rodent fibroblasts in vitro and common marmoset T lymphocytes in vivo. Using homologous recombination techniques, we successfully generated recombinants of MHV-76 that encode green fluorescent protein (MHV76-GFP) and KSHV K1 (MHV76-K1)...
August 2004: Journal of Virology
S S Morse
Mouse thymic virus (MTLV; murid herpesvirus 3) is a lymphotropic herpesvirus that cytolytically infects developing T lineage lymphocytes in the thymus of neonatal mice. MTLV establishes a persistent infection and can be recovered indefinitely from infected mice, but nothing is known about requirements for this persistent infection. In order to determine whether T lineage lymphocytes are required for infection, young adult athymic nude (nu/nu) mice and euthymic littermates were infected with MTLV and tested for virus shedding...
March 1988: Virology
S S Morse, J E Valinsky
Mouse thymic virus (MTLV; ICTV designation murid herpesvirus 3) infects developing T lymphocytes of neonatal mice, causing thymic necrosis and acute immunosuppression. Infected animals shed virus indefinitely. In the present report, two-color flow cytometric analysis of T lymphocyte subpopulations defined by the markers CD4 (L3T4) and CD8 (Lyt-2) was used to determine whether MTLV was lytic for a specific thymocyte population. At peak necrosis (8-11 d after infection), numbers of CD4+8+ cells in the thymus were reduced by 80% or more as compared with controls, and CD4+8- cells were reduced by greater than 98%...
February 1, 1989: Journal of Experimental Medicine
S S Morse
Mouse thymic virus (MTLV;ICTV designation murid herpesvirus 3) infects developing T lymphocytes of neonatal mice, causing thymic necrosis and acute immunosuppression. Infected animals shed virus indefinitely. However, although transmission in nature is presumably by contact and is likely to involve the oral-nasal route, virtually all experimental studies with MTLV have used systemic (intraperitoneal) inoculation. In order to determine whether systemic inoculation causes artifacts in pathogenesis of the infection, effects of intraperitoneal and oral-nasal inoculation were compared in newborn mice...
November 1989: Laboratory Animal Science
S S Morse
Mouse thymic virus (MTLV; murid herpesvirus 3) is a naturally occurring herpesvirus of mice. Critical variables in an enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) for antibodies to mouse thymic virus (MTLV) were assessed. High protein binding plates proved unsuitable. For storing coated plates, the most consistent results were obtained when coated plates were washed and stored with coating buffer (phosphate buffered saline, PBS) at -70 degrees C. Storage of antigen at -20 degrees C was unsatisfactory, although coated plates could be stored at -20 degrees C for at least 1-2 weeks...
October 1990: Laboratory Animals
S S Morse
Mouse thymic virus (murid herpesvirus-3; MTLV) is a naturally occurring T lymphotropic herpesvirus of mice. We compared the sensitivity of infectivity assay, which tests for induction of thymic necrosis in newborn mice, and an enzyme immunoassay (ELISA)-based modified mouse antibody production (MAP) test. Infection in adult mice was verified by infectivity assay of salivary glands. Approximately ten times as much virus was required to infect adult mice as newborns. No adults became infected at the lowest dose (just below 1 ID50 by thymic necrosis in newborn mice); a dose tenfold higher resulted in both infection and seroconversion in three out of five mice...
April 1990: Journal of Virological Methods
S M Prattis, S S Morse
Mouse thymic virus (MTLV; murid herpesvirus 3) causes T lymphocyte depletion, thymic necrosis and immunosuppression in acutely infected neonatal mice. Infected animals shed virus persistently in saliva for prolonged periods of time. The standard procedure for detection of MTLV in infected mice is an in vivo infectivity assay. A sensitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) recently has been developed for the detection of antibodies to MTLV. However, a direct test for viral antigen would be desirable in order to identify animals shedding virus, in the event that some infected animals may remain seronegative...
January 1990: Laboratory Animal Science
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