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pediatric liver cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039901/living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-preexisting-yolk-sac-tumor
#1
Taiichi Wakiya, Yoshikazu Toyoki, Keinosuke Ishido, Daisuke Kudo, Norihisa Kimura, Shinji Tsutsumi, Tadashi Odagiri, Akiko Suto, Chiaki Uchida, Kenichi Hakamada
There is ongoing discussion regarding the indications and timing of LT for patients with a preexisting extrahepatic malignancy. We herein report a pediatric case that underwent LDLT after therapy for YST. The patient, a 13-year-old female with biliary atresia, had undergone portoenterostomy at 2 months of age. She developed a left ovarian tumor with a high serum alpha-fetoprotein concentration at 10 years of age. She underwent left oophorectomy and was diagnosed with ovarian YST (Stage I). After surgery, hepatopulmonary syndrome progressed gradually...
December 30, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038456/dna-methylation-landscape-of-hepatoblastomas-reveals-arrest-at-early-stages-of-liver-differentiation-and-cancer-related-alterations
#2
Mariana Maschietto, Tatiane Cristina Rodrigues, André Yoshiaki Kashiwabara, Érica Sara Souza de Araujo, Talita Ferreira Marques Aguiar, Cecilia Maria Lima da Costa, Isabela Werneck da Cunha, Luciana Dos Reis Vasques, Monica Cypriano, Helena Brentani, Silvia Regina Caminada de Toledo, Peter Lees Pearson, Dirce Maria Carraro, Carla Rosenberg, Ana Cristina Victorino Krepischi
Hepatoblastomas are uncommon embryonal liver tumors accounting for approximately 80% of childhood hepatic cancer. We hypothesized that epigenetic changes, including DNA methylation, could be relevant to hepatoblastoma onset. The methylomes of eight matched hepatoblastomas and non-tumoral liver tissues were characterized, and data were validated in an independent group (11 hepatoblastomas). In comparison to differentiated livers, hepatoblastomas exhibited a widespread and non-stochastic pattern of global low-level hypomethylation...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986169/hepatic-steatosis-etiology-patterns-and-quantification
#3
Ilkay S Idilman, Ilknur Ozdeniz, Musturay Karcaaltincaba
Hepatic steatosis can occur because of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), alcoholism, chemotherapy, and metabolic, toxic, and infectious causes. Pediatric hepatic steatosis is also becoming more frequent and can have distinctive features. The most common pattern is diffuse form; however, it can present in heterogenous, focal, multinodular, perilesional, perivascular, subcapsular, and lobar forms. Focal steatosis and fat sparing can occur because of the presence of veins of Sappey, pancreaticoduodenal vein, and aberrant right and left gastric veins, which drain into the liver as third inflow...
December 2016: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938502/novel-advances-in-understanding-of-molecular-pathogenesis-of-hepatoblastoma-a-wnt-beta-catenin-perspective
#4
Danielle Bell, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Junyan Tao, Satdarshan Monga
Hepatoblastoma is the most common pediatric liver malignancy, typically striking children within the first 3 years of their young lives. While advances in chemotherapy and newer surgical techniques have improved survival in patients with localized disease, unfortunately, for the 25% of patients with metastasis, the overall survival remains poor. These tumors, which are thought to arise from hepatic progenitors or hepatoblasts, hence the name hepatoblastoma, can be categorized by histological subtyping based on their level of cell differentiation...
2, 2016: Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793881/therapeutic-innovations-for-targeting-hepatoblastoma
#5
REVIEW
Agnès Garnier, Matthias Ilmer, Roland Kappler, Michael Berger
Hepatoblastoma is the most common pediatric liver tumor. Despite recent advances in treatment with surgery and chemotherapy, the prognosis in advanced stages remains poor. The neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) has recently been described to be pivotal in the development of cancer. Furthermore, overwhelming evidence now exists showing that pharmacological manipulation of NK1R can cause a robust anticancer effect. Consequently, NK1R antagonists, such as the clinical drug aprepitant, are under current investigation as future innovative anticancer agents...
2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788486/gata4-promotes-hepatoblastoma-cell-proliferation-by-altering-expression-of-mir125b-and-dkk3
#6
Yihua Pei, Qin Yao, Sibo Yuan, Bozhen Xie, Yan Liu, Chunsheng Ye, Huiqin Zhuo
GATA4 is a zinc finger DNA-binding protein that plays an important role in mammalian liver development. However, the effects of GATA4 in hepatoblastoma (HB), a common liver cancer in pediatric patients, remain largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that GATA4 promotes growth and survival in the Huh6 human hepatoblastoma cell line. GATA4 expression was high in Huh6 cells, and its knockdown decreased expression of Dickkopf-related protein 3 (DKK3), a gene that may contribute to premature or undifferentiated phenotypes in HB...
October 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685428/update-of-literature-from-cystic-fibrosis-registries-2012-2015-part-6-epidemiology-nutrition-and-complications
#7
REVIEW
Donatello Salvatore, Roberto Buzzetti, Gianni Mastella
Patient registries provide useful information to afford more knowledge on rare diseases like Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Twenty-two studies originating from national CF registries, focusing on demographics, survival, genetics, nutritional status, and non-pulmonary complications, were published between December 2011 and March 2015. The purpose of this review article is to examine these reports, aiming attention to the clinical characteristics of CF patients included in the registries, current, and estimated future epidemiological data, the role of gender gap, the increasing survival in different countries...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631159/the-use-of-erwinia-asparaginase-for-adult-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-after-pegaspargase-intolerance
#8
Troy Z Horvat, Joshua J Pecoraro, Ryan J Daley, Larry W Buie, Amber C King, Raajit K Rampal, Martin S Tallman, Jae H Park, Dan Douer
Asparaginase administration has become a crucial component of front-line pediatric and pediatric-insipired multi-agent regimens for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the safety and feasibility of switching to Erwinia asparaginase after pegaspargase intolerance in adult ALL patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Our analysis included 10 patients, with a median age of 39 years (range 20-72), male predominance (90%), and a typical B-cell to T-cell ratio (70:30%) for ALL...
August 26, 2016: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622194/autoimmune-pancreatitis-and-igg4-related-disease-in-three-children
#9
Rishi Bolia, Sze Yee Chong, Lee Coleman, Duncan MacGregor, Winita Hardikar, Mark R Oliver
We report 3 children who presented with fever and abdominal pain, deranged liver function tests, and on abdominal ultrasound were found to have an enlarged pancreas, substantial abdominal lymphadenopathy, and extrahepatic biliary duct dilatation. After ruling out malignancy, probable immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4RD) associated with autoimmune pancreatitis was considered. This condition was first described in the adults and often mimics pancreatic cancer. It can involve multiple organs, either synchronously or metachronously, and is rarely reported in children...
July 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604617/12th-winfocus-world-congress-on-ultrasound-in-emergency-and-critical-care
#10
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548818/development-and-validation-of-a-score-to-predict-mortality-in-children-undergoing-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-respiratory-failure-pediatric-pulmonary-rescue-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-prediction-score
#11
David K Bailly, Ron W Reeder, Luke A Zabrocki, Anna M Hubbard, Jacob Wilkes, Susan L Bratton, Ravi R Thiagarajan
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop and validate a prognostic score for predicting mortality at the time of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation initiation for children with respiratory failure. Preextracorporeal membrane oxygenation mortality prediction is important for determining center-specific risk-adjusted outcomes and counseling families. DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression of a large international cohort of pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients...
January 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534798/proton-beam-therapy-in-japan-current-and-future-status
#12
Hideyuki Sakurai, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Okumura
The number of patients treated by proton beam therapy in Japan since 2000 has increased; in 2016, 11 proton facilities were available to treat patients. Notably, proton beam therapy is very useful for pediatric cancer; since the pediatric radiation dose to normal tissues should be reduced as much as possible because of the effect of radiation on growth, intellectual development, endocrine organ function and secondary cancer development. Hepatocellular carcinoma is common in Asia, and most of the studies of proton beam therapy for liver cancer have been reported by Japanese investigators...
October 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498582/long-term-follow-up-of-children-and-adolescents-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-and-autoimmune-sclerosing-cholangitis
#13
Vratislav Smolka, Eva Karaskova, Oksana Tkachyk, Kvetoslava Aiglova, Jiri Ehrmann, Kamila Michalkova, Michal Konecny, Jana Volejnikova
BACKGROUND: Sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is a chronic cholestatic hepatobiliary disease with uncertain long-term prognosis in pediatric patients. This study aimed to evaluate long-term results in children with SC according to the types of SC. METHODS: We retrospectively followed up 25 children with SC over a period of 4-17 years (median 12). The diagnosis of SC was based on biochemical, histological and cholangiographic findings. Patients fulfilling diagnostic criteria for probable or definite autoimmune hepatitis at the time of diagnosis were defined as having autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC); other patients were included in a group of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC)...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494648/braf-and-mek-inhibitors-in-pediatric-glioma-new-therapeutic-strategies-new-toxicities
#14
Daniela Rizzo, Antonio Ruggiero, Maria Amato, Palma Maurizi, Riccardo Riccardi
BRAF mutation was initially reported in metastatic melanomas, and more recently in a variety of human cancers. BRAF acts as a down-stream effector of growth factor signaling leading to cell cycle progression, proliferation and survival. Development of selective inhibitors of BRAF has improved the survival of patients with melanoma and offers potential new therapeutic strategy in children with BRAF-mutant glioma. Areas covered: Mechanisms of resistance to BRAF inhibitors have recently been described as due to the paradoxical activation of the MAPK pathway...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491101/inconspicuous-presentation-of-metastatic-neuroblastoma
#15
James Hatten, Aaron McGuffin, Mark Mogul
Neuroblastoma is a malignant tumor arising from nerve tissue that accounts for approximately 15 percent of pediatric cancer fatalities. Primary tumors most commonly arise in sympathetic nervous tissue of the abdomen and metastasize to the bone marrow, liver, and lymph nodes. This case report depicts a 3-year-old girl who presented with a recurring fever, runny nose, and a positive test for rhinovirus suggesting a simple case of the common cold. Further investigation, however, revealed stage 4 neuroblastoma...
July 2016: West Virginia Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446808/generation-of-pediatric-leukemia-xenograft-models-in-nsg-b2m-mice-comparison-with-nod-scid-mice
#16
Anilkumar Gopalakrishnapillai, E Anders Kolb, Priyanka Dhanan, Aruna Sri Bojja, Robert W Mason, Diana Corao, Sonali P Barwe
Generation of orthotopic xenograft mouse models of leukemia is important to understand the mechanisms of leukemogenesis, cancer progression, its cross talk with the bone marrow microenvironment, and for preclinical evaluation of drugs. In these models, following intravenous injection, leukemic cells home to the bone marrow and proliferate there before infiltrating other organs, such as spleen, liver, and the central nervous system. Moreover, such models have been shown to accurately recapitulate the human disease and correlate with patient response to therapy and prognosis...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359258/generation-of-pediatric-liver-cancer-patient-derived-xenograft-platforms-for-pediatric-liver-cancer-a-critical-stage-in-the-development-of-anticancer-treatments
#17
EDITORIAL
Gregory Tiao, James Geller, Nikolai A Timchenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27316915/french-intensive-care-society-international-congress-r%C3%A3-animation-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298767/relationship-and-interactions-of-curcumin-with-radiation-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Vivek Verma
Curcumin is widely reported to have remarkable medicinal - and antineoplastic - properties. This review details curcumin's relationship with radiotherapy (RT), principally as a radiosensitizer for various malignancies and a radioprotector for normal tissues. First, examples of radiosensitization are provided for various cancers: Pediatric, lymphoma, sarcoma, prostate, gynecologic, pancreas, liver, colorectal, breast, lung, head/neck, and glioma. It is not the purpose of this article to comprehensively review all radiosensitization data; however, high-quality studies are discussed in relationship to currently-controversial RT questions for many cancers, and thus the importance of developing a natural radiosensitizer...
June 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237441/nuclear-medicine-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-tumors
#20
REVIEW
Pınar Özgen Kiratli, Murat Tuncel, Zvi Bar-Sever
Nuclear medicine has an important role in the management of many cancers in pediatric age group with multiple imaging modalities and radiopharmaceuticals targeting various biological uptake mechanisms. 18-Flourodeoxyglucose is the radiotracer of choice especially in patients with sarcoma and lymphoma. (18)FDG-PET, for sarcoma and lymphomas, is proved to be superior to conventional imaging in staging and therapy response. Although studies are limited in pediatric population, (18)FDG-PET/CT has found its way through international guidelines...
July 2016: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
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