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Inadequate pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346304/-total-pain-in-children-with-severe-neurological-impairment
#1
REVIEW
Timothy A Warlow, Richard D W Hain
Many children with palliative care needs experience difficulty in managing pain. Perhaps none more so than those with severe neurological impairment. For many years; behaviours in these children were misunderstood. As a result; pain was poorly recognised and inadequately managed. Significant advances have been made in the assessment and management of pain in this challenging group of patients. We summarise these advances; drawing on our own experience working with infants; children and young adults with palliative care needs within a UK tertiary paediatric palliative care service...
January 18, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346235/posttraumatic-stress-in-children-after-injury-the-role-of-acute-pain-and-opioid-medication-use
#2
Aimee K Hildenbrand, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Lamia P Barakat, Kristen L Kohser, Jeffrey A Ciesla, Douglas L Delahanty, Joel A Fein, Lindsay B Ragsdale, Meghan L Marsac
OBJECTIVES: After injury, many children experience posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) that negatively impact recovery. Acute pain and PTSS share neurobiological pathways, and acute dosage of morphine has been linked to reduced PTSS in naturalistic studies. However, the complex interactions between pain, morphine and other opioid use, and PTSS have yet to be investigated in robust pediatric samples.This prospective, longitudinal study examined relationships between acute pain, opioid medications, and PTSS after pediatric injury...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338806/cancer-pain-management-needs-and-perspectives-of-patients-from-chinese-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-of-the-chinese-and-english-literature
#3
Xiangfeng Xu, Tim Luckett, Alex Yueping Wang, Melanie Lovell, Jane L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: More than half of all cancer patients experience unrelieved pain. Culture can significantly affect patients' cancer pain-related beliefs and behaviors. Little is known about cultural impact on Chinese cancer patients' pain management. The objective of this review was to describe pain management experiences of cancer patients from Chinese backgrounds and to identify barriers affecting their pain management. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 17, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333809/assessment-of-orofacial-pain-management-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-and-at-home-after-discharge
#4
Yurena Aguilar de la Red, Gema Manrique Martín, Gloria Guerrero López, Concepción González Herrero, Paula López Vázquez, Concepción Míguez Navarro
INTRODUCTION: An inadequate pain management is common in the emergency department. Our objective was to analyze pain management among children with an orofacial infection or trauma in the emergency department and to assess compliance and satisfaction with analgesia prescribed at discharge. POPULATION AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational and analytical study in children attending the emergency department for an orofacial infection or trauma over 2 months. Pain management in the emergency department, analgesia prescribed at home and, following a call to parents, treatment provided and its adequacy to control pain were registered...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327156/effectiveness-of-celecoxib-for-pain-relief-and-antipyresis-in-second-trimester-medical-abortions-with-misoprostol-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hatern Tintara, Peangpailin Voradithi, Thanapan Choobun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of celecoxib for pain relief and antipyresis during second trimester abortion using sublingual misoprostol. METHODS: Fifty-six pregnant women of gestational age 14-24 weeks were randomly assigned in a double-blind randomized controlled trial to receive 400 mg of celecoxib or placebo just before sublingual administration of misoprostol 400 µg every 6 h. Pain and body temperature (BT) were assessed every 1 h until the abortion or 24 h after the first dose of misoprostol...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321948/performance-of-an-annular-closure-device-in-a-real-world-heterogeneous-at-risk-lumbar-discectomy-population
#6
Adisa Kuršumović, Stefan Rath
Study design/setting Retrospective analysis of single-center registry outcomes data. Objective Assess the utility of an annular closure device (ACD) as an adjunct to limited discectomy for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Background Recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH) following limited discectomy persists at clinically significant rates, especially in large annular defect (at least 6 mm width) patients. While the etiology of reherniation is often multifactorial, inadequate annular occlusion remains one of the foremost considerations...
November 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318284/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#7
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine of unknown cause with a Cobb angle of at least 10°, occurs in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form and usually worsens during adolescence before skeletal maturity. Severe spinal curvature may be associated with adverse long-term health outcomes (eg, pulmonary disorders, disability, back pain, psychological effects, cosmetic issues, and reduced quality of life)...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316592/the-addition-of-diclofenac-to-a-multimodal-pain-control-regimen-decreases-postoperative-pain-and-opioid-consumption
#8
Nicole E George, Cheryle Gurk-Turner, Jennifer I Etcheson, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Randal De Souza, Spencer S Smith, James Nace, Ronald E Delanois
INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly-performed orthopaedic procedure in the United States. However, inadequate postoperative pain management following TKA has been associated with a number of negative consequences, including chronic postoperative pain requiring long-term opioid use. Multimodal pain control is a recently-popularized means of maximizing analgesia and postoperative outcomes. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes of a multimodal pain regimen incorporating diclofenac, including: 1) length of stay (LOS); 2) pain intensity; and 3) opioid consumption in primary TKA patients...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314645/tofacitinib-with-conventional-synthetic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-chinese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-phase-3-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Zhanguo Li, Yuan An, Houheng Su, Xiangpei Li, Jianhua Xu, Yi Zheng, Guiye Li, Kenneth Kwok, Lisy Wang, Qizhe Wu
AIM: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We assess the effect of tofacitinib + conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) on patient-reported outcomes in Chinese patients with RA and inadequate response to DMARDs. METHODS: This analysis of data from the Phase 3 study ORAL Sync included Chinese patients randomized 4 : 4 : 1 : 1 to receive tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily, tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily, placebo→tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily, or placebo→tofacitinib 10 mg twice daily, with csDMARDs...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309455/total-knee-arthroplasty-performed-with-long-acting-liposomal-bupivacaine-versus-femoral-nerve-catheter
#10
Erick G Torres, Ashley B Anderson, Brandon Broome, Stephen P Geary, Brian Burnikel
Inadequate pain management after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can interfere with participation in and progression of physical rehabilitation, and thereby prolong hospital stay, and increase costs and overall dissatisfaction with the procedure. At our institution, TKA traditionally has been performed with femoral nerve catheters (FNCs) for postoperative pain control. We conducted a retrospective, longitudinal, repeated -measures study to compare FNC and long-acting liposomal bupivacaine (LALB) with respect to pain control, range of motion, ability to ambulate, and hospital length of stay...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304922/the-appropriate-use-of-opioids-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-restless-legs-syndrome
#11
Michael H Silber, Philip M Becker, Mark J Buchfuhrer, Christopher J Earley, William G Ondo, Arthur S Walters, John W Winkelman
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a distinct disorder, differing from chronic pain in many ways. Refractory RLS is characterized by unresponsiveness to dopamine agonists or alpha-2-delta ligands due to inadequate efficacy, augmentation, or adverse effects. This may result in severely impaired quality of life, profound insomnia, and suicidal depression. Opioid therapy is a mainstay in the management of these patients. This article summarizes the basic science and clinical evidence in support of their use, including the positive result of a large controlled multicenter study of 306 subjects, and outlines an approach to their use in clinical practice...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300785/management-of-minor-ailments-in-a-community-pharmacy-setting-findings-from-simulated-visits-and-qualitative-study-in-gondar-town-ethiopia
#12
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Alemayehu Birhane Mekonnen, Daniel Asfaw Erku
Community pharmacy professionals are being widely accepted as sources of treatment and advice for managing minor ailments, largely owing to their location at the heart of the community. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to document the involvement of community pharmacy professionals in the management of minor ailments and perceived barriers that limit their provision of such services. Simulated patient (SP) visits combined with a qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted among community pharmacy professionals in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298126/women-s-attributions-regarding-why-they-have-difficulty-reaching-orgasm
#13
David L Rowland, Laura M Cempel, Aaron R Tempel
Difficulty reaching orgasm during partnered sex is relatively common among women. Yet the reasons, likely multivariate, are not fully understood. This study identified perceived causes for orgasmic difficulty in 452 women during partnered sex. The most commonly-endorsed reasons were stress/anxiety, insufficient arousal, and lack of time during sex; body image, pain, inadequate lubrication, and medical/medication issues were endorsed less frequently. Distressed and non-distressed women differed on several attributions, including sexual interest, partner perceptions, stress, and adequate time during sex...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296801/pharmacotherapeutical-strategies-in-the-prevention-of-acute-vaso-occlusive-pain-in-sickle-cell-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Joep W R Sins, David J Mager, Shyrin C A T Davis, Bart J Biemond, Karin Fijnvandraat
Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is characterized by frequent and painful vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs). Various treatments have been evaluated over the years. However, a clear overview is lacking. The objective of this study was to systematically review all pharmacotherapeutical strategies in the prevention of VOCs beyond hydroxyurea. We performed a systematic literature search (MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL). Eligible studies were controlled clinical trials evaluating pharmacotherapeutical interventions targeting the reduction of VOCs in patients with SCD...
August 22, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290053/effects-of-progressive-muscle-relaxation-training-on-sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-pulmonary-resection
#15
Neriman Temel Aksu, Abdullah Erdogan, Nazmiye Ozgur
BACKGROUND: The inadequate quality and nature of sleep is a commonly reported problem among hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of progressive muscle relaxation training program on sleep quality, sleep state, pain, and quality of life in patients who underwent pulmonary resection. METHODS: Our study was planned as a single-blind prospective randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted on 26 patients who underwent surgery by using posterolateral thoracotomy method...
December 30, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280782/management-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-the-pediatric-population-a-clinical-report-from-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-pancreas-committee
#16
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Soma Kumar, Jose Antonio Quiros, Keshawadhana Balakrishnan, Bradley Barth, Samuel Bitton, John F Eisses, Elsie Jazmin Foglio, Victor Fox, Denease Francis, Alvin Jay Freeman, Tanja Gonska, Amit S Grover, Sohail Z Husain, Rakesh Kumar, Sameer Lapsia, Tom Lin, Quin Y Liu, Asim Maqbool, Zachary M Sellers, Flora Szabo, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, Veronique D Morinville
BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children is increasing, management recommendations rely on adult published guidelines. Pediatric-specific recommendations are needed. METHODS: The North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Pancreas committee performed a MEDLINE review using several preselected key terms relating to management considerations in adult and pediatric AP. The literature was summarized, quality of evidence reviewed, and statements of recommendations developed...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280313/efficacy-and-safety-of-oxycodone-naloxone-as-add-on-therapy-to-gabapentin-or-pregabalin-for-the-management-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-korea
#17
Bong-Seog Kim, Jong-Youl Jin, Jung Hye Kwon, In Sook Woo, Yoon Ho Ko, Suk-Young Park, Hye-Jeong Park, Jin Hyung Kang
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and safety of oxycodone/naloxone in patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) inadequately controlled with pregabalin or gabapentin. METHODS: This 4-week, multicenter, interventional, single-arm phase IV study included 72 Korean patients with CIPN inadequately controlled with pregabalin or gabapentin (Numeric Rating Scale 0-10; NRS ≥4 at baseline). In addition to pregabalin or gabapentin at existing doses, patients received 20/10 mg/day oxycodone/naloxone (up-titrated to 80/40 mg/day as needed)...
December 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278339/determinants-of-patient-s-global-assessment-of-disease-activity-and-physician-s-global-assessment-of-disease-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-overall-and-japanese-results-from-phase-3-clinical-trials
#18
Yuko Kaneko, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Zhihong Cai, Masayo Sato, Kenta Awakura, Carol Gaich, Baojin Zhu, Jiaying Guo, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: To assess the determinants of Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (PtGA) and Physician's Global Assessment of Disease Activity (PhGA) in overall and Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from two large randomized controlled trials. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of overall and Japanese RA patients who had previous inadequate responses to methotrexate or who had no/minimal previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment. We examined correlations between PtGA/PhGA and tender joint count in 28 joints (TJC28), swollen joint count in 28 joints (SJC28), inflammatory markers, pain visual analog scale (VAS), and other patient-reported outcomes at baseline, Week 12, and Week 24...
December 26, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278006/relationship-between-disease-activity-and-patient-reported-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-post-hoc-analyses-of-overall-and-japanese-results-from-two-phase-3-clinical-trials
#19
Naoki Ishiguro, Maxime Dougados, Zhihong Cai, Baojin Zhu, Masato Ishida, Masayo Sato, Carol Gaich, Amanda Quebe, Ivaylo Stoykov, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with different rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity levels and identify residual symptoms. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of overall and Japanese data from two randomized controlled trials including RA patients with previous inadequate responses to methotrexate (NCT01710358) or no/minimal previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drug treatment (NCT01711359) (sponsor: Eli Lilly and Company). Week 24 assessments were disease activity (Simplified Disease Activity Index, Disease Activity Score/Disease Activity Score 28 joints-erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and PROs (pain visual analog scale [VAS], morning joint stiffness [MJS], Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue, and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey Physical and Mental Component Scores)...
December 26, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275502/comparison-study-of-the-adequacy-and-pain-scale-of-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-solid-thyroid-nodules-with-a-21-or-23-gauge-needle-for-liquid-based-cytology-a-single-center-study
#20
Soo Jin Jung, Dong Wook Kim, Hye Jin Baek
No published study has compared the cytological adequacy between different caliber needles in liquid-based cytology (LBC) after fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules. This study aimed to compare cytological adequacy, pain scale, and associated complications depending on the use of a 21- and 23-gauge needle in LBC. From January 2017 to April 2017, 88 solid thyroid nodules (STNs) in 88 patients underwent consecutive ultrasonography (US)-guided FNA (US-FNA) by a single radiologist. The selection of the needle size was randomized and changed biweekly...
December 23, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
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