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Fabio Bernardoni, Daniel Geisler, Joseph A King, Amir-Homayoun Javadi, Franziska Ritschel, Julia Murr, Andrea M F Reiter, Veit Rössner, Michael N Smolka, Stefan Kiebel, Stefan Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: In their relentless pursuit of thinness, individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) engage in maladaptive behaviors (restrictive food choices and overexercising) that may originate in altered decision making and learning. METHODS: In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we employed computational modeling to elucidate the neural correlates of feedback learning and value-based decision making in 36 female patients with AN and 36 age-matched healthy volunteers (12-24 years)...
February 1, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
Jessica M Brown, Stephanie Selth, Alexander Stretton, Susan Simpson
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest that both childhood experiences and coping behaviours may be linked to eating disorder symptoms. METHODS: In this study maladaptive schema coping modes were investigated as mediators in the relationship between perceived negative parenting and disordered eating. A total of 174 adults with eating and/or body image concerns completed questionnaires measuring parenting experiences, schema modes, and disordered eating behaviours...
2016: Journal of Eating Disorders
K S Mitchell, B Porter, E J Boyko, A E Field
Obesity is a major health problem in the United States and a growing concern among members of the military. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with overweight and obesity and may increase the risk of those conditions among military service members. Disordered eating behaviors have also been associated with PTSD and weight gain. However, eating disorders remain understudied in military samples. We investigated longitudinal associations among PTSD, disordered eating, and weight gain in the Millennium Cohort Study, which includes a nationally representative sample of male (n = 27,741) and female (n = 6,196) service members...
July 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Amy E Wojtowicz, Angela S Alberga, Colleen G Parsons, Kristin M von Ranson
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa (AN), engage in overexercise. Little is known about fitness professionals' perceptions of their responsibilities when interacting with clients with possible AN. The purpose of the current study was to examine Alberta fitness professionals' experiences with clients suspected of having AN, and their views on related ethical issues. Specifically, we aimed to examine (1) their experiences with fitness clients suspected of having AN; (2) their opinions about related ethical responsibilities of fitness professionals; and (3) their views on related training and ethical issues...
2015: Journal of Eating Disorders
Antonio Bruno, Diego Quattrone, Giuseppe Scimeca, Claudio Cicciarelli, Vincenzo Maria Romeo, Gianluca Pandolfo, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello
The aim of this study was to assess the risk of exercise addiction (EA) in fitness clubs and to identify possible factors in the development of the disorder. The Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) were administered to a sample of 150 consecutive gym attenders recruited in fitness centers. Based on EAI total score, high EA risk group (HEA n = 51) and a low EA risk group (LEA n = 69) were identified. HEA reported significantly higher total score (mean = 20...
2014: Journal of Addiction
Cheng-Chiang Chang, Chih-Hung Ku, Wei-Chun Hsu, Yu-An Hu, Jia-Fwu Shyu, Shin-Tsu Chang
Periostitis in the lower leg caused by overexercise is a universal problem in athletes and runners. The purpose of this study was to observe the functional improvement of the lower limbs upon rehabilitation low-level laser therapy (LLLT). All medical data were gathered from enrolled adults with sports-related lower leg pain. A total of 54 patients underwent triple-phase bone scans using skeletal nuclear scintigraphy, which confirmed periostitis in their lower limbs. The patients were then randomly divided into two groups: one group received laser therapy (N = 29) and the other group (N = 25) received an equivalent placebo treatment (a drug or physical therapy)...
July 2014: Lasers in Medical Science
Henning Neubauer, Clemens Wirth, Katharina Ruf, Helge Hebestreit, Meinrad Beer
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common inherited diseases and is caused by mutations in the CFTR gene. Although the pulmonary and gastrointestinal manifestations of the disease remain in the focus of treatment, recent studies have shown expression of the CFTR gene product in skeletal muscle cells and observed altered intramuscular Ca(2+) release dynamics in CFTR-deficient animal models. Physical exercise is beneficial for maintaining fitness and well-being in CF patients and constitutes one aspect of modern multimodal treatment, which has considerably increased life span and reduced morbidity...
2012: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Ai Zhao, Meng Dai, Yu Juan Chen, Hong En Chang, Ai Ping Liu, Pei Yu Wang
Nephrolithiasis is a multifactorial disease. The authors conducted a case-control study in China to explore its associated risk factors. A total of 725 nephrolithiasis patients and 553 controls were asked to complete a questionnaire that asked for information about psychological, behavioral, and dietary factors along with a physical and blood biochemical examination. For men, higher education was negatively associated with nephrolithiasis (odds ratio [OR] = 0.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.4-1.0), whereas hypso-waist-to-hip ratio (hypso-WHR), defined as WHRs >0...
March 2015: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Cristina Segura-García, Antonio Ammendolia, Leonardo Procopio, Maria C Papaianni, Flora Sinopoli, Carmelina Bianco, Pasquale De Fazio, Laura Capranica
This study aimed to investigate exercise dependence, body and eating concerns of active individuals in relation to muscle dysmorphia (MD) and eating disorders (EDs). One hundred and thirty-four active individuals (86 men, 48 women) and 20 ED women were divided into 4 groups according to their sex and the difference between their actual and desired body weight (group A: men who wanted to gain weight; group B: men who wanted to lose weight; group C: women who wanted to lose weight; group D: ED women). The Eating Disorder Inventory 2, Body Uneasiness Test, and Muscle Dysmorphia Inventory questionnaires were administered...
November 2010: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
J Ozawa, T Kurose, S Kawamata, K Yamaoka
We investigated qualitative and quantitative changes in rat hind limb muscles caused by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced knee joint pain. One week after CFA injection, muscle atrophy was induced only on the CFA-injected side. Wet weight of the rectus femoris (RF) and soleus (SOL) muscles were significantly decreased by 20% and 19%, respectively. The reduction in cross-sectional areas by CFA was similar for fast and slow muscle fibers in the RF (10% vs 15%, respectively) and SOL muscles (16% vs 16%, respectively)...
February 2010: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Ronald S Manley, Karina M O'Brien, Sumerlee Samuels
Individuals with eating disorders may pursue overexercising in fitness facilities and exercise classes. The primary aim of this study was to assess registered fitness instructors' capability to recognize an individual with anorexia nervosa and determine what they would do professionally in that situation. A secondary objective was to assess fitness instructors' understanding of potential professional, ethical and legal issues inherent in this situation. Fitness instructors and pediatricians were administered a survey consisting of a descriptive case scenario of an individual with probable anorexia nervosa...
March 2008: Eating Disorders
Rita M Juray
Unsupervised overexercise in the prison population can lead to exertional rhabdomyolysis, a condition that can lead to kidney damage and/or failure. Knowledge deficit of the risk from this activity will be addressed. Signs and symptoms of rhabdomyolysis and its sequelae will be presented along with a case study. Inter-departmental responsibilities in the correctional setting will be considered. The importance of recognizing the signs and symptoms of this condition by nurses in various clinical settings will also be explored...
April 2005: Urologic Nursing
Karl Sudi, Karl Ottl, Doris Payerl, Peter Baumgartl, Klemens Tauschmann, Wolfram Müller
In many sports, athletes with low body weight have a distinct advantage over their opponents; however, this advantage can easily turn into a noticeable disadvantage because low body weight may also be associated with health problems. The present review focuses on the problem of anorexia athletica, with its emphasis on leanness and thinness in female and male sports athletes. Athletes often restrict calories and/or overexercise to achieve or maintain low body and fat masses. There is a growing body of evidence that several metabolic and endocrine disturbances are the result of prolonged energy restriction...
July 2004: Nutrition
Marjorie E Kaplan Seidenfeld, Elyse Sosin, Vaughn I Rickert
Adequate nutrition is essential during adolescence, since growth and development during this period play key roles in achieving normal adult size and reproductive capacity. This article briefly reviews recommended caloric intake; the healthy balance of carbohydrates, fat and protein; and the appropriate dietary intake of iron, folic acid and calcium for the adolescent. A major potential obstacle to good nutrition for an adolescent is the development of an eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa...
May 2004: Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1955: Bordeaux Chirurgical
Clayton J Frater, Walter Haindl
Muscle and soft-tissue uptake have been described numerous times in the literature in patients undergoing Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate skeletal scintigraphy following trauma. Many of these traumas range from electrical burns, intramuscular injections, sports-related trauma, and overexercising, to actual physical damage resulting in superficial bruising and skin discoloration. In this case the patient presented with continuing low back pain after falling down some stairs. Although the scan was essentially normal for bony trauma, subtle soft-tissue uptake was detected that was enhanced with the addition of single photon emission computed tomographic imaging and surface rendering...
August 2003: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
R E Nappi, F Facchinetti
Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea is a common, non-organic and theoretically reversible form of anovulation due to reduced hypothalamic GnRH drive. Numerous studies suggest that this altered hypothalamic homeostasis is caused by a synergism between psychogenic challenge, promoted in part by dysfunctional attitudes, and metabolic compromise induced by undernutrition and overexercise. The recent growing interest in psychiatric comorbidity underlines the importance of reconsidering the boundaries between psychological disorders and somatic conditions...
April 2003: Archives of Women's Mental Health
J Traebert, E A Moreira
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are serious eating disorders that affect a significant number of adolescents and young adults. Individuals with anorexia nervosa tend to ignore or deny their excessive dieting and may present purging habits. The individual with bulimia nervosa spends great effort and time in compensating the effects of binge eating with dieting and fasting, self-inducing vomiting, utilization of laxatives or overexercising. The incidence of those behavioral disorders seems to be increasing, but there are no epidemiological data on that matter in Brazil...
October 2001: Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira, Brazilian Oral Research
E V Bochkareva, N G Kucheriavaia, E V Kokurina, V I Metelitsa, V V Kondrat'ev
AIM: To clarify if pain-relieving action of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) is associated with lowered sensitivity of anginal patients to pain due to myocardial ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double blind randomized placebo-controlled trial enrolled 10 males aged 42-69 years with stable effort angina (EA) of functional class II-III. When exposed to exercise tolerance test (treadmill, stress-system Sicard 460S, computed ECG), the patients developed EA attack with at least 1 mm decline of ST segment on ECG...
2000: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
J Arnbjerg
Dogs suffering from HD have a genetic background, but the releasing factors are many. Two of the most important are overnutrition and overexercising, especially in the young puppy. Radiography can give an estimate of the degree of secondary OA, and by evaluating the laxity in the hip joints at an early age, it seems to be possible to predict the chances for later development of OA. The eradication program has to be instituted in such a way that only the best dogs are accepted into breeding programs. It seems to be more efficient to eradicate the genetic part of the etiology by creating a breeding index by means of evaluating the offspring of the male dogs...
July 1999: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
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