keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nervosa

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031167/impaired-central-coherence-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Sayo Hamatani, Masahito Tomotake, Tomoya Takeda, Naomi Kameoka, Masashi Kawabata, Hiroko Kubo, Masashi Ohta, Yukio Tada, Yukiko Tomioka, Shinya Watanabe, Masatoshi Inoshita, Makoto Kinoshita, Tetsuro Ohmori
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of central coherence in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). 22 female patients with AN (median age = 31.50 (QD = 8.13) years) and 33 female healthy controls (HC) (median age = 28.00 (QD = 8.50) years) participated in the study. Their central coherence was assessed with the Rey Complex Figure Task (RCFT). Clinical symptoms were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Form JYZ. The results showed that AN patients' Central Coherence Index and accuracy scores in copy, 3-min delayed recall and 30-min delayed recall tasks of the RCFT were significantly lower than those of HC...
September 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026589/a-retrospective-analysis-of-biochemical-and-haematological-parameters-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#2
Leanne J Barron, Robert F Barron, Jeremy C S Johnson, Ingrid Wagner, Cameron J B Ward, Shannon R B Ward, Faye M Barron, Warren K Ward
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine whether levels of biochemical and haematological parameters in patients with eating disorders (EDs) varied from the general population. Whilst dietary restrictions can lead to nutritional deficiencies, specific abnormalities may be relevant to the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of EDs. METHODS: With ethics approval and informed consent, a retrospective chart audit was conducted of 113 patients with EDs at a general practice in Brisbane, Australia...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026248/spotting-the-signs
#3
(no author information available yet)
The impact of bulimia nervosa on oral health: A review of the literature.
October 13, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025688/altered-medial-frontal-feedback-learning-signals-in-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Fabio Bernardoni, Daniel Geisler, Joseph A King, Amir-Homayoun Javadi, Franziska Ritschel, Julia Murr, Andrea M F Reiter, Veit Rössner, Michael N Smolka, Stefan Kiebel, Stefan Ehrlich
BACKGROUND: In their relentless pursuit of thinness, individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) engage in maladaptive behaviors (restrictive food choices and overexercising) that may originate in altered decision making and learning. METHODS: In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we employed computational modeling to elucidate the neural correlates of feedback learning and value-based decision making in 36 female patients with AN and 36 age-matched healthy volunteers (12-24 years)...
August 30, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019520/feelings-and-perceptions-of-women-recovering-from-anorexia-nervosa-regarding-their-eating-behavior
#5
Nathalia Petry, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos, Larissa da Cunha Feio Costa
According to the phenomenological approach, observing a phenomenon through the perspective of those who lived it may be necessary to acquire fully comprehension of it. Therefore, to fully understand the eating behavior during anorexia nervosa and during its recovery, this study investigated individual perceptions and feelings of three women recovering from anorexia nervosa. This study is characterized as a qualitative research with phenomenological approach. The data were collected through interviews and analyzed following steps proposed by phenomenology researchers...
October 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018381/the-role-of-working-memory-for-cognitive-control-in-anorexia-nervosa-versus-substance-use-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Samantha J Brooks, Sabina G Funk, Susanne Y Young, Helgi B Schiöth
Prefrontal cortex executive functions, such as working memory (WM) interact with limbic processes to foster impulse control. Such an interaction is referred to in a growing body of publications by terms such as cognitive control, cognitive inhibition, affect regulation, self-regulation, top-down control, and cognitive-emotion interaction. The rising trend of research into cognitive control of impulsivity, using various related terms reflects the importance of research into impulse control, as failure to employ cognitions optimally may eventually result in mental disorder...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994215/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-eating-attitudes-test-in-young-female-patients-with-eating-disorders-in-mainland-china
#7
Qing Kang, Raymond C K Chan, Xiaoping Li, Jon Arcelus, Ling Yue, Jiabin Huang, Lian Gu, Qing Fan, Haiyin Zhang, Zeping Xiao, Jue Chen
The study aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the eating attitudes test (EAT-26) among female adolescents and young adults in Mainland China. This scale was administered to 396 female eating disorder patients and 406 noneating disorder healthy controls, in addition 35 healthy controls completed a retest after a 4-week intervals. Tests for reliability, convergent validity and receiver operating characteristic analysis were performed to detect the psychometric properties...
October 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993739/increased-subjective-distaste-and-altered-insula-activity-to-umami-tastant-in-patients-with-bulimia-nervosa
#8
Rikukage Setsu, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Miki Tokunaga, Toru Takahashi, Noriko Numata, Koji Matsumoto, Yoshitada Masuda, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Masaomi Iyo, Eiji Shimizu, Michiko Nakazato
The aim of this study was to examine differences in brain neural activation in response to monosodium glutamate (MSG), the representative component of umami, between patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and healthy women (HW) controls. We analyzed brain activity after ingestion of an MSG solution using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in a group of women with BN (n = 18) and a group of HW participants (n = 18). Both groups also provided a subjective assessment of the MSG solution via a numerical rating scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992897/inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-eating-disorders-a-systematized-review-of-comorbidity
#9
REVIEW
L Ilzarbe, M Fàbrega, R Quintero, A Bastidas, L Pintor, J García-Campayo, F Gomollón, D Ilzarbe
OBJECTIVE: Research has shown that there is an association between Inflammatory Bowel Disease, anxiety and mood disorders, however little is known about their association with Eating Disorders. In this paper we will present a case of a young female with a comorbid diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Eating Disorder, and then discuss the results from a systematic review of the literature, describing published cases of patients with the same condition. METHODS: A systematized review of the literature was conducted according to MOOSE guidelines...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992891/patterns-of-medical-utilization-before-the-first-hospitalization-for-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-in-taiwan
#10
Yen-Ni Hung, Chian-Jue Kuo, Shu-Yu Yang, Ming-Chyi Huang, Ying-Yeh Chen, Shih-Ku Lin, Kuan-Yu Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to analyze medical utilization patterns of female patients with anorexia nervosa before their first inpatient care visit for anorexia nervosa using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. METHOD: We selected female anorexia nervosa patients (n=239) and control participants hospitalized for peptic ulcers (n=478) or appendectomy (n=478) who were matched by age and incident year from two subsets of the NHIRD...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992582/fat-or-fiction-effects-of-body-size-eating-pathology-and-sex-upon-the-body-schema-of-an-undergraduate-population
#11
Sophie J Wignall, Nicole A Thomas, Michael E R Nicholls
Although there is a growing consensus that women with anorexia nervosa have a distorted body schema, the origins of this disturbance remain uncertain. The present investigation examined the effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon the body schema of an at-risk, undergraduate population. In Study 1, 98 participants mentally simulated their passage through apertures. When aperture width was manipulated, narrow and broad women over- and under-estimated their spatial requirements for passage, respectively...
October 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991767/anorexia-anormal-phobia-of-normal-weight
#12
Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec, Aneta Demerdzieva
Anorexia nervosa is a disorder of feeding behavior associated with distortion of body image, mood disturbance and a wide variety of hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. It is supposed that the disease could be the consequence of a combination of cultural-social, psychological and biological factors. Our study confirmed that anorexia mentalis is a serious, life threatening disorder which in our country appears earlier than it was expected and that is strongly related to environmental factors (family, school, fashion, society)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990542/psychopharmacological-options-for-adult-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patients-and-carers-perspectives-integrated-by-the-spectrum-model
#13
Mario Miniati, Donatella Marazziti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#14
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988855/grazing-in-adults-with-obesity-and-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-associated-clinical-features-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence
#15
REVIEW
Andreea I Heriseanu, Phillipa Hay, Laura Corbit, Stephen Touyz
Grazing, the unstructured, repetitive eating of small amounts of food, is a pattern of eating which has been associated with negative outcomes following bariatric surgery. Less is known about grazing in eating disorders and in non-surgical obese samples. This review aims to critically examine the existing research on the prevalence of grazing, associated treatment outcomes, and clinical correlates in adults with eating disorders and/or obesity, in clinical and community settings. A systematic electronic database search yielded 38 studies which met inclusion criteria for the review...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987918/screen-for-disordered-eating-improving-the-accuracy-of-eating-disorder-screening-in-primary-care
#16
Shira Maguen, Claire Hebenstreit, Yongmei Li, Julie V Dinh, Rosemary Donalson, Sarah Dalton, Emma Rubin, Robin Masheb
OBJECTIVE: To develop a primary care eating disorder screen with greater accuracy and greater potential for generalizability, compared to existing screens. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey to assess discriminative accuracy of a new screen, Screen for Disordered Eating (SDE), compared to Eating Disorders Screen for Primary Care (EDS-PC) and SCOFF screener, using prevalence rates of Binge Eating Disorder (BED), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), Anorexia Nervosa (AN), and Any Eating Disorder (AED), as measured by the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q)...
September 27, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985155/exploring-the-relationship-between-autistic-traits-and-body-image-body-satisfaction-and-body-competence
#17
Alek Krumm, F Richard Ferraro, Brita Ingvalson
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have been linked to bodily disorders (anorexia nervosa, obesity), and individuals with ASD are known to experience unique bodily states (e.g., exaggerated interoceptive sensitivity). Though there is evidence to suggest body variables may significantly impact quality of life in those with ASD, research has yet to examine the potential relationship between ASD and body image variables, that is, the evaluation of one's body. The present study examined 80 healthy college students (40 male, 40 female) who completed an online set of questionnaires regarding body image and satisfaction, body competency, depression, anxiety, and autistic traits (Autism Spectrum Quotient, or AQ) (Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Skinner, Martin, & Clubley, 2001 )...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980367/erratum-to-impact-of-low-weight-severity-and-menstrual-status-on-bone-in-adolescent-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Nurgun Kandemir, Kendra Becker, Meghan Slattery, Shreya Tulsiani, Vibha Singhal, Jennifer J Thomas, Kathryn Coniglio, Hang Lee, Karen K Miller, Kamryn T Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Madhusmita Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980344/association-between-antipsychotic-treatment-and-leptin-levels-across-multiple-psychiatric-populations-an-updated-meta-analysis
#19
Renee-Marie Ragguett, Margaret Hahn, Giovanni Messina, Sergio Chieffi, Marcellino Monda, Vincenzo De Luca
OBJECTIVE: Antipsychotics (APs) are associated with metabolic syndrome, with increases in leptin proposed as an underlying mechanism of AP-induced weight gain. Currently available meta-analyses on this topic have limited their populations of interest to those diagnosed with schizophrenia. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to explore the relationship between leptin levels and AP use across multiple psychiatric diagnoses, and also in healthy controls. METHOD: Systematic electronic searches were conducted using PubMed and OVID: Medline...
October 5, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972588/the-impact-of-bulimia-nervosa-on-oral-health-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
A Rosten, T Newton
Eating disorders are a potentially life-threatening group of mental disorders, which affect a patient's relationship with food and their body. This manifests itself through chaotic and disordered eating habits. One such eating disorder is bulimia nervosa, which has a lifetime prevalence of 1%. While there is consensus that bulimic behaviour directly causes dental erosion due to vomiting and acidic food choices, there is less clear evidence for a direct link between bulimia nervosa and dental caries, although there does still appear to be an association...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
keyword
keyword
75416
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"