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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668146/-adolescents-suffering-from-anorexia-nervosa-an-evidence-based-approach-of-the-parent-s-role-in-2018
#1
Sophie Vust, Solange Cook-Darzens, Françoise Lier, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
A new paradigm in the management of adolescents with eating disorders promotes different treatment orientations aiming at increasing therapeutic effectiveness as well as offering a more integrated and coherent care for families. Particular attention is given to the process of refeeding to avoid the severe somatic sequelae of eating disorder and the risk of a chronic course for a disorder which is well known for its « addictive » power and influence. The parents and the need for a strong alliance with the healthcare team stand at the centre of this new paradigm...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665149/decision-making-impairment-in-anorexia-nervosa-new-insights-into-the-role-of-age-and-decision-making-style
#2
Valeria Giannunzio, Daniela Degortes, Elena Tenconi, Enrico Collantoni, Marco Solmi, Paolo Santonastaso, Angela Favaro
OBJECTIVE: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) often report difficulties in decision making, which may interfere with treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate decision making in a large sample of adolescent and adult patients with AN, by using the Iowa gambling task. METHOD: Participants were 611 female individuals (310 patients and 301 controls) who underwent neuropsychological and clinical assessment. RESULTS: Significantly poorer decision-making performance was observed in adult patients, whereas no difference emerged between affected and nonaffected adolescents...
April 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659886/bone-parameters-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-athletic-amenorrhea-comparison-of-two-hypothalamic-amenorrhea-states
#3
Nurgun Kandemir, Meghan Slattery, Kathryn E Ackerman, Shreya Tulsiani, Amita Bose, Vibha Singhal, Charumathi Baskaran, Seda Ebrahimi, Mark Goldstein, Kamryn Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Madhusmita Misra
Purpose: We have reported low bone mineral density (BMD), impaired bone structure, and increased fracture risk in anorexia nervosa (AN) and normal-weight, oligo-amenorrheic athletes (OA). However, data directly comparing compartment-specific bone parameters in AN, OA and controls are lacking. Methods: 426 females 14-21.9 years old were included; 231 AN, 94 OA and 101 normal-weight eumenorrheic controls. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to assess areal BMD (aBMD) of the whole body less head (WBLH), spine, and hip...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656932/a-higher-calorie-refeeding-protocol-does-not-increase-adverse-outcomes-in-adult-patients-with-eating-disorders
#4
Kylie Matthews, Jan Hill, Shane Jeffrey, Susan Patterson, Amanda Davis, Warren Ward, Michelle Palmer, Sandra Capra
BACKGROUND: Patients with eating disorders (EDs) are often considered a high-risk population to refeed. Current research advises using "start low, go slow" refeeding methods (∼1,000 kcal/day, advancing ∼500 kcal/day every 3 to 4 days) in adult patients with severe EDs to prevent the development of refeeding syndrome (RFS), typically characterized by decreases in serum electrolyte levels and fluid shifts. OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of RFS and related outcomes using a low-calorie protocol (LC) (1,000 kcal) or a higher-calorie protocol (HC) (1,500 kcal) in medically compromised adult patients with EDs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656162/effects-of-kinetin-on-plant-growth-and-chloroplast-ultrastructure-of-two-pteris-species-under-arsenate-stress
#5
Qinchun Li, Hongbin Wang, Haijuan Wang, Wen Zheng, Dongmo Wu, Zhongzhen Wang
Cytokinins (CTKs) are effective in alleviating abiotic stresses on plants, but little information is available regarding the effects of CTKs on arsenic (As) accumulation and changes of chloroplast ultrastructure in plants with different As-accumulating ability. Here a hydroponic experiment was designed to evaluate the effects of different concentration of kinetin (KT, 0-40 mg/L) on growth and chloroplast ultrastructure of As hyperaccumulator Pteris cretica var. nervosa and non-hyperaccumulator Pteris ensiformis treated by 5 mg/L arsenate for 14 days...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656033/differences-in-the-theory-of-mind-profiles-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-individuals-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-meta-analytic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jenni Leppanen, Felicity Sedgewick, Janet Treasure, Kate Tchanturia
BACKGROUND: This meta-analytic review examines the theory of mind profiles in both patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and autistic individuals. METHODOLOGY: The studies examining theory of mind were divided into the following categories: emotional theory of mind, understanding simple social situations, understanding complex social interactions, and implicit social attribution. All included studies investigated differences between healthy control (HCs) individuals and people with AN or autistic people...
April 12, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653375/feeling-fat-in-eating-disorders-testing-the-unique-relationships-between-feeling-fat-and-measures-of-disordered-eating-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#7
Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, David Castle, Richard Newton, Philippa Harrison, Leonardo L Cistullo, Scott Griffiths, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
Although widely discussed in theories of eating disorders, the experience of "feeling fat" in this population has received little research attention. This study tested the unique relationships between feeling fat and measures of problematic eating behaviours and attitudes. Data were analysed from individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 123) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 51). Correlations revealed considerable unshared variance between feeling fat and shape and weight over-evaluation and depressive symptoms...
April 10, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653285/adipokines-and-bone-status-in-a-cohort-of-anorexic-patients
#8
Isabelle Legroux-Gérot, Jean Vignau, Odile Viltart, Pierre Hardouin, Christophe Chauveau, Bernard Cortet
INTRODUCTION: Bone loss in anorexia nervosa (AN) is multifactorial; its mechanisms are not yet clearly understood and may vary depending on disease duration and severity. To determine to what extent adipokines may be involved in the bone alterations found in anorexic patients, we evaluated plasma levels for leptin, adiponectin and Pref-1 against other clinical and biological parameters in a population of anorexic patients split according to weight and bone status. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of leptin, total adiponectin, high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin, and Pref-1 were measured...
April 10, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653254/interactions-between-risk-factors-in-the-prediction-of-onset-of-eating-disorders-exploratory-hypothesis-generating-analyses
#9
Eric Stice, Christopher D Desjardins
OBJECTIVE: Because no study has tested for interactions between risk factors in the prediction of future onset of each eating disorder, this exploratory study addressed this lacuna to generate hypotheses to be tested in future confirmatory studies. METHOD: Data from three prevention trials that targeted young women at high risk for eating disorders due to body dissatisfaction (N = 1271; M age 18.5, SD 4.2) and collected diagnostic interview data over 3-year follow-up were combined to permit sufficient power to predict onset of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and purging disorder (PD) using classification tree analyses, an analytic technique uniquely suited to detecting interactions...
March 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651909/-anorexia-nervosa-in-males
#10
Pola Maria Heimann, Kerstin Konrad, Timo D Vloet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627003/using-real-time-fmri-brain-computer-interfacing-to-treat-eating-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Moses O Sokunbi
Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging based brain-computer interfacing (fMRI neurofeedback) has shown encouraging outcomes in the treatment of psychiatric and behavioural disorders. However, its use in the treatment of eating disorders is very limited. Here, we give a brief overview of how to design and implement fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of eating disorders, considering the basic and essential components. We also attempt to develop potential adaptations of fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626825/emotional-eating-and-temperamental-traits-in-eating-disorders-a-dimensional-approach
#12
Francesco Rotella, Edoardo Mannucci, Sara Gemignani, Lisa Lazzeretti, Giulia Fioravanti, Valdo Ricca
Growing evidence shows that temperamental features and emotional dysregulation are linked to Eating Disorders (EDs). Aim of this study was to explore the possible relationship between temperament and emotional eating (EE) from a dimensional standpoint, and the association of specific temperamental dimensions with overeating triggered by specific emotions. We enrolled 253 women with Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder. Of those, 189 (74.7%), 73 (28.8%), and 80 (31.6%) reported binge eating, purging, or restrictive behaviors, respectively (the categories are not mutually exclusive)...
March 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626350/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-in-college-women-with-eating-disorders
#13
Neha J Goel, Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Rachael E Flatt, Mickey Trockel, Katherine N Balantekin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Grace E Monterubio, Marie-Laure Firebaugh, Corinna Jacobi, Denise E Wilfley, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To identify the correlates of suicidal ideation (SI) in a large sample of college women with eating disorders (EDs). METHOD: A total of 690 female college students from 28 US colleges who screened positive for an ED, with the exception of anorexia nervosa, were assessed for SI. Univariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent correlates of SI. Measures included: ED psychopathology, ED behaviors (i.e., binge eating, vomiting, laxatives, compulsive exercise), current co-morbid psychopathology (i...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618874/bilateral-parotid-sialadenosis-associated-with-long-standing-bulimia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Blas Garcia Garcia, Alicia Dean Ferrer, Nelida Diaz Jimenez, Francisco Jesus Alamillos Granados
Purpose: Bulimia is a common cause of sialadenosis. This paper presents a case of bilateral parotid sialadenosis associated with long-standing bulimia, and reviews the relevant literature and current treatment options. Methods and Results: A 32-year-old woman had severe bilateral parotid sialomegaly for the last 6 years, which had occurred secondary to bulimia nervosa, which she had since 14 years. Treatment with pilocarpine was unsuccessful, so she underwent bilateral conservative parotidectomy...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615940/impact-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-on-neurocognitive-processing-in-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Jenni Leppanen, James Adamson, Kate Tchanturia
Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by severe malnutrition as well as inefficiencies in neurocognitive functioning, which are believed to contribute to the maintenance of disordered eating. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of individual cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) on neurocognition in AN. Methods: A total of 145 adult women from an eating disorders inpatient program took part in the present study. All participants were given individual CRT in addition to treatment as usual...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614379/meal-and-snack-time-eating-disorder-cognitions-predict-eating-disorder-behaviors-and-vice-versa-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-a-mobile-technology-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#16
Cheri A Levinson, Margarita Sala, Laura Fewell, Leigh C Brosof, Lauren Fournier, Eric J Lenze
Individuals with eating disorders experience high anxiety when eating, which may contribute to the high relapse rates seen in the eating disorders. However, it is unknown if specific cognitions associated with such anxiety (e.g., fears of gaining weight) may lead to engagement in eating disorder behaviors (e.g., weighing oneself). Participants (N = 66) recently treated at a residential eating disorder facility and diagnosed with an eating disorder (primarily anorexia nervosa; n = 40; 60.6%) utilized a mobile application to answer questions about mealtime cognitions, anxiety, and eating disorder behaviors four times a day for one week...
March 27, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611303/different-attention-bias-patterns-in-anorexia-nervosa-restricting-and-binge-purge-types
#17
Tal Gilon Mann, Sami Hamdan, Yair Bar-Haim, Amit Lazarov, Adi Enoch-Levy, Gal Dubnov-Raz, Janet Treasure, Daniel Stein
Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been shown to display both elevated anxiety and attentional biases in threat processing. In this study, we compared threat-related attention patterns of patients with AN restricting type (AN-R; n = 32), AN binge/purge type (AN-B/P; n = 23), and healthy controls (n = 19). A dot-probe task with either eating disorder-related or general and social anxiety-related words was used to measure attention patterns. Severity of eating disorder symptoms, depression, anxiety, and stress were also assessed...
April 3, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608897/uses-of-fluoxetine-in-nociceptive-pain-management-a-literature-overview
#18
REVIEW
Ahmed Barakat, Mostafa M Hamdy, Mohamed M Elbadr
Fluoxetine is one of the top ten prescribed antidepressants. Other therapeutic applications were approved for fluoxetine including, anxiety disorders, bulimia nervosa, and premature ejaculation. However, the role of fluoxetine in nociceptive pain management is still unclear. In this review, we discuss an overview of five possible roles of fluoxetine in pain management: intrinsic antinociceptive effect, enhancement of acute opioid analgesia, attenuation of tolerance development to opioid analgesia, attenuation of dependence development and abstinence syndrome, and attenuation of opioid induced hyperalgesia...
March 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607673/anorexia-nervosa-is-a-body-image-disorder
#19
Joan Haliburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607561/effectiveness-of-emotional-skills-training-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-with-autistic-symptoms-in-group-and-individual-format
#20
James Adamson, Jenni Leppanen, Marianna Murin, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CREST interventions in individual and group formats for adult anorexia nervosa. Furthermore, this study also aims to analyse whether patients with high levels of autistic symptoms respond differently. METHODS: Participants' self-report measures were taken before and after individual and group interventions (N = 66 and N = 62, respectively). Mixed effects analysis was used to analyse overall response to both formats and assess interaction with autism symptoms...
April 2, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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