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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534123/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-psychological-comorbidity-in-eating-disorder-patients
#1
L Sala, G Martinotti, M L Carenti, L Romo, M Oumaya, A Pham-Scottez, F Rouillon, P Gorwood, L Janiri
PURPOSE: There is some evidence that eating disorders (ED) and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share common clinical features and that ADHD might contribute to the severity of eating disorders. A greater understanding of how the presence of comorbid ADHD may affect the psychopathological framework of eating disorder seems of primary importance. The aim of our study was to evaluate rates of ADHD in three ED subgroups of inpatients: anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge-eating/purging type (AN-BP) and bulimia nervosa (BN)...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532967/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid
#2
Jacqueline Zimmerman, Martin Fisher
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is an entirely new diagnosis in the DSM-5. ARFID replaces "feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood," which was a diagnosis in the DSM-IV restricted to children 6 years of age or younger; ARFID has no such age limitations and it is distinct from anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in that there is no body image disturbance. ARFID involves a complex and heterogenous etiology, which is reviewed herein. What is known to date regarding the characteristics and medical and psychiatric comorbidities of this patient population are described and compared to other eating disorders...
April 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532966/bulimia-nervosa-purging-disorder
#3
Marigold Castillo, Eric Weiselberg
Bulimia nervosa was first described in 1979 by British psychiatrist Gerald Russell as a "chronic phase of anorexia nervosa" in which patients overeat and then use compensatory mechanisms, such as self-induced vomiting, laxatives, or prolonged periods of starvation. The characterization of bulimia nervosa continues to evolve with the introduction of the DSM-5 in 2013. In this article, the epidemiology and risk factors of bulimia nervosa are identified and reviewed, along with the medical complications and psychiatric comorbidities...
April 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532965/anorexia-nervosa-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Lindsay Moskowitz, Eric Weiselberg
Anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate among all psychiatric illnesses, as it can result in significant psychopathology along with life-threatening medical complications. Atypical anorexia nervosa is a new variant described in the latest DSM edition, which has much in common with anorexia nervosa and also can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The evolution of the criteria for these illnesses is reviewed, and the two are compared and contrasted in this article. Important labs to monitor for in those with these illnesses, along with an emphasis on the monitoring of vital signs and weight, are reviewed here...
April 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531781/body-mass-index-kinetics-around-adiposity-rebound-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-control-study
#5
Rémi Neveu, Dorine Neveu, Edouard Carrier, Nadia Ourrad, Alain Perroud, Alain Nicolas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with parameters involved in body mass index (BMI) regulation. Contrary to obesity, BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound is not documented in AN. This study aimed at investigating which characteristics of BMI kinetics around the adiposity rebound are associated with AN. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study with 101 inpatient women with AN onset after 10 years of age, and 101 healthy women, all free of overweight history and matched for age, level of education and fathers' socio-professional status...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529480/commentary-atypical-self-focus-effect-on-interoceptive-accuracy-in-anorexia-nervosa
#6
COMMENT
Giuliana Lucci, Panayotis Patrikelis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526387/adequacy-of-nutrient-intake-in-women-with-restrictive-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Chiara Chiurazzi, Iolanda Cioffi, Carmela De Caprio, Emilia De Filippo, Maurizio Marra, Rosa Sammarco, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess energy and nutrient intake in a group of women with restrictive AN (r-AN) compared with a control group. METHODS: Thirteen r-AN patients and 13 healthy female controls completed 7-d food records. Intake of macro- and micronutrients was compared between the two groups as well as to the Dietary Reference Intake for the Italian Population (LARN) for specific ages. Additionally, the r-AN patients underwent indirect calorimetry for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE)...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523977/the-application-of-deep-brain-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders
#8
Ilse Graat, Martijn Figee, Damiaan Denys
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a last-resort treatment for neurological and psychiatric disorders that are refractory to standard treatment. Over the last decades, the progress of DBS in psychiatry has been slower than in neurology, in part owing to the heterogenic symptomatology and complex neuroanatomy of psychiatric disorders. However, for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) DBS is now an accepted treatment. This study first reviews clinical outcomes and mechanisms of DBS for OCD, and then discusses these results in an overview of current and future psychiatric applications, including DBS for mood disorders, Tourette's syndrome, addiction, anorexia nervosa, autism, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders...
April 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521537/fifty-years-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-other-eating-disorders-in-the-australian-new-zealand-journal-of-psychiatry
#9
Phillipa Hay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520584/eating-disorders-and-bone-metabolism-in-women
#10
Lauren Robinson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating Disorders are psychiatric disorders associated with a high risk for low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. Low BMD is a consequence of undernutrition, changes in body composition, and hormonal alterations. This review summarizes recent findings regarding novel strategies for assessing bone outcomes in patients with eating disorders, factors contributing to altered bone metabolism, and possible therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging research in this field suggests that not only anorexia nervosa, but also bulimia nervosa results in lower BMD compared to controls...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511240/-treatment-outcome-in-female-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-comorbid-personality-disorders-prevalence
#11
Timo Maximilian Link, Ursula Beermann, Robert Mestel, Manuela Gander
Introduction Personality disorders (PD) are among the most common comorbid disorders in female patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Recent research findings suggest that comorbid PD are associated with a higher treatment drop-out rate and a worse therapeutic outcome. However, no study to date has distinguished between certain age groups concerning these issues. Research questions Therefore, the present study focuses on the prevalence of PD (1), treatment drop-out rates (2) and weight gain (3) in female in-patients with AN...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510006/evaluation-of-the-dsm-5-severity-specifier-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-treatment-seeking-youth
#12
Antonios Dakanalis, Fabrizia Colmegna, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Ester Di Giacomo, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
A new severity specifier for bulimia nervosa (BN), based on the frequency of inappropriate weight compensatory behaviours (e.g., laxative misuse, self-induced vomiting, fasting, diuretic misuse, and excessive exercise), has been added to the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing variability and heterogeneity in the severity of the disorder. While existing research provides support for the DSM-5 severity specifier for BN in adult patients, evidence for its validity and clinical utility in youth is currently lacking...
May 16, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508601/effects-of-anorexia-nervosa-on-the-endocrine-system
#13
Charumathi Baskaran, Madhusmita Misra, Anne Klibanski
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by severe undernutrition associated with alterations in multiple endocrine axes, which are primarily adaptive to the state of caloric deprivation. Hormonal changes include growth hormone (GH) resistance with low insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels, hypothalamic hypogonadism, relative hypercortisolemia and changes in appetite regulating hormones, including leptin, ghrelin, and peptide YY. These alterations contribute to abnormalities in bone metabolism leading to low bone mass, impaired bone microarchitecture, and increased risk for fracture, and may also negatively impact cognition, emotions and mood...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504977/an-adolescent-male-with-anorexia-nervosa-favorably-responded-to-mirtazapine
#14
Ahmed Naguy, Amthal Al-Mutairi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503699/eating-psychopathology-and-psychosocial-impairment-in-patients-treated-at-a-singapore-eating-disorders-treatment-programme
#15
Kah Wee Ng, Angeline Kuek, Huei Yen Lee
INTRODUCTION: There is limited data on the psychopathology of eating disorders in Singapore. This study: (a) describes levels of eating psychopathology and psychosocial impairment among individuals diagnosed with eating disorders at our hospital; and (b) compares the related psychopathology of these patients. METHODS: Between 1 August 2010 and 31 July 2012, 257 individuals who met the diagnostic criteria for eating disorders completed the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Clinical Impairment Assessment questionnaire (CIA)...
May 15, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502528/neural-response-to-catecholamine-depletion-in-remitted-bulimia-nervosa-relation-to-depression-and-relapse
#16
Stefanie Verena Mueller, Yoan Mihov, Andrea Federspiel, Roland Wiest, Gregor Hasler
Bulimia nervosa has been associated with a dysregulated catecholamine system. Nevertheless, the influence of this dysregulation on bulimic symptoms, on neural activity, and on the course of the illness is not clear yet. An instructive paradigm for directly investigating the relationship between catecholaminergic functioning and bulimia nervosa has involved the behavioral and neural responses to experimental catecholamine depletion. The purpose of this study was to examine the neural substrate of catecholaminergic dysfunction in bulimia nervosa and its relationship to relapse...
May 11, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500866/presence-of-eating-disorders-and-its-relationship-to-anxiety-and-depression-in-pregnant-women
#17
Amanda Maihara Dos Santos, Gláucia Rosana Guerra Benute, Niraldo Oliveira Dos Santos, Roseli Mieko Yamamoto Nomura, Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco
BACKGROUND: women who have inadequate nutrient intake are more likely to develop a risky pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of eating disorders and its association with anxiety and depression symptomatology in high-risk pregnancies. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional and prospective study conducted at the tertiary university hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. 913 pregnant women waiting for the Obstetrics' outpatient appointment were invited to participate in the study on their 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy...
May 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500826/serum-kisspeptin-concentrations-are-negatively-correlated-with-body-mass-index-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-amenorrhea
#18
Flora Bacopoulou, George I Lambrou, Maria-Evangelia Rodanaki, Evgenia Stergioti, Vasiliki Efthymiou, Efthymios Deligeoroglou, Sophia I Markantonis
OBJECTIVE: To measure, for the first time, serum kisspeptin concentrations in adolescent females with anorexia nervosa (AN) and associated amenorrhea, and investigate potential correlations of kisspeptin with anthropometric, bone and hormonal data. DESIGN: Setting: University Adolescent Medicine Center. PARTICIPANTS: Females aged 12-20 years with typical or atypical AN (based on DSM-5 diagnostic criteria) and controls. INTERVENTIONS: Measurement of body mass index (BMI), whole body/lumbar spine bone mineral density and serum concentrations of kisspeptin, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine, triiodothyronine, estradiol (E2), 17-hydroxyprogesterone...
January 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500621/symptoms-predicting-psychosocial-impairment-in-bulimia-nervosa
#19
Paul E Jenkins, Jessica Staniford, Amy Luck
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to determine which particular eating disorder (ED) symptoms and related features, such as BMI and psychological distress, uniquely predict impairment in bulimia nervosa (BN). METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-two adults with BN completed questionnaires assessing ED symptoms, general psychological distress, and psychosocial impairment. Regression analyses were used to determine predictors which account for variance in impairment. RESULTS: Four variables emerged as significant predictors of psychosocial impairment: concerns with eating; concerns with weight and shape; dietary restraint; and general psychological distress...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498277/influence-of-visceral-interoceptive-experience-on-the-brain-s-response-to-food-images-in-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Kara L Kerr, Scott E Moseman, Jason A Avery, Jerzy Bodurka, W Kyle Simmons
OBJECTIVE: To determine how visceral sensations affect responses to food stimuli in anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Twenty weight-restored, unmedicated adolescent and young adult women with AN and twenty healthy control participants completed an interoceptive attention task during which they focused on sensations from the heart, stomach, and bladder and made ratings of these sensations. They then underwent fMRI scanning while viewing pictures of food and non-food objects...
May 12, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
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