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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087266/assessment-of-sex-differences-in-body-composition-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#1
Jason M Nagata, Neville H Golden, Rebecka Peebles, Jin Long, Stuart B Murray, Mary B Leonard, Jennifer L Carlson
PURPOSE: To compare deficits in fat mass (FM) and lean body mass (LM) among male and female adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to identify other covariates associated with body composition. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of all subjects aged 9-20 years with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition diagnosis of AN and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans after initial evaluation at Stanford between March 1997 and February 2011...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078085/comparing-effects-a-reanalysis-of-two-studies-on-season-of-birth-bias-in-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Eirin Winje, Anne-Kari Torgalsbøen, Cathrine Brunborg, Kristin Stedal
BACKGROUND: Outcomes from studies on season of birth bias in eating disorders have been inconsistent. This inconsistency has been explained by differences in methodologies resulting in different types of effect sizes. The aim of the current study was to facilitate comparison by using the same methodology on samples from two studies with differing conclusions. METHODS: The statistical analyses used in each study were applied to the samples from the other study and the resulting effect sizes, Cramêr's V and odds ratio (OR), were compared and discussed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077307/impulsivity-and-test-meal-intake-among-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#3
Robyn Sysko, Rachel Ojserkis, Janet Schebendach, Suzette M Evans, Tom Hildebrandt, B Timothy Walsh
Many patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) also meet criteria for a lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD). In order to understand possible mechanisms contributing to the co-occurrence and perpetuation of these disorders, this study investigated the importance of impulsivity and test meal intake among patients with BN by comparing women with BN only (n = 18), BN and current/past AUDs (n = 13), and healthy controls (n = 12). All participants completed assessments of eating disorder symptoms, frequency of alcohol use, binge eating, and purging via questionnaires and semi-structured interviews over two sessions...
January 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076675/low-fasting-oxytocin-levels-are-associated-with-psychopathology-in-anorexia-nervosa-in-partial-recovery
#4
Yuliya Afinogenova, Cindy Schmelkin, Franziska Plessow, Jennifer J Thomas, Reitumetse Pulumo, Nadia Micali, Karen K Miller, Kamryn T Eddy, Elizabeth A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa (AN), a psychiatric disorder characterized by restriction of food intake despite severe weight loss, is associated with increased comorbid anxiety and depression. Secretion of oxytocin, an appetite-regulating neurohormone with anxiolytic and antidepressant properties, is abnormal in AN. The link between oxytocin levels and psychopathology in AN has not been well explored. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 79 women aged 18-45 years (19 AN, 26 AN in partial recovery [ANPR], and 34 healthy controls [HC]) investigating the relationship between basal oxytocin levels and disordered eating psychopathology, anxiety, and depressive symptoms...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071712/independent-aftereffects-of-fat-and-muscle-implications-for-neural-encoding-body-space-representation-and-body-image-disturbance
#5
Daniel Sturman, Ian D Stephen, Jonathan Mond, Richard J Stevenson, Kevin R Brooks
Although research addressing body size misperception has focused on socio-cognitive processes, such as internalization of the "ideal" images of bodies in the media, the perceptual basis of this phenomenon remains largely unknown. Further, most studies focus on body size per se even though this depends on both fat and muscle mass - variables that have very different relationships with health. We tested visual adaptation as a mechanism for inducing body fat and muscle mass misperception, and assessed whether these two dimensions of body space are processed independently...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068524/enzyme-activities-in-parotid-saliva-of-patients-with-the-restrictive-type-of-anorexia-nervosa
#6
Elzbieta Paszynska, Agnieszka Slopien, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz, Christian Hannig
OBJECTIVE: In patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) specific signs may occur in the oral cavity, but there are conflicting reports about their significance, especially concerning changes in salivary composition. The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the resting parotid flow rate (PFR) and the activity of the following enzymes in parotid saliva: amylase, aspartate amino transferase (AST), lysozyme, peroxidase, serine and acidic proteases in the acute phase of the restrictive type of AN and to compare the findings with those in healthy controls...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064060/a-current-view-on-contactin-4-5-and-6-implications-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Oguro-Ando Asami, Amila Zuko, Kristel T E Kleijer, J Peter H Burbach
Contactins (Cntns) are a six-member subgroup of the immunoglobulin cell adhesion molecule superfamily (IgCAMs) with pronounced brain expression and function. Recent genetic studies of neuropsychiatric disorders have pinpointed contactin-4 (CNTN4), contactin-5 (CNTN5) and contactin-6 (CNTN6) as candidate genes in neurodevelopmental disorders, particularly in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), but also in intellectual disability, schizophrenia (SCZ), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), bipolar disorder (BD), alcohol use disorder (AUD) and anorexia nervosa (AN)...
January 4, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061413/a-significant-positive-correlation-between-endogenous-trans-zeatin-content-and-total-arsenic-in-arsenic-hyperaccumulator-pteris-cretica-var-nervosa
#8
Xuemei Zhang, Xiaoyan Yang, Hongbin Wang, Qinchun Li, Haijuan Wang, Yanyan Li
A pot experiment was conducted to compare the content of endogenous trans-zeatin (Z), plant arsenic (As) uptake and physiological indices in the fronds of As-hyperaccumulator (Pteris cretica var. nervosa) and non-hyperaccumulator (Pteris ensiformis). Furthermore, a stepwise regression method was used to study the relationship among determined indices, and the time-course effect of main indices was also investigated under 100mg/kg As stress with time extension. In the 100-200mg/kg As treatments, plant height showed no significant difference and endogenous Z content significantly increased in P...
January 3, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060877/heightened-olfactory-sensitivity-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#9
Mette Bentz, Johanne Guldberg, Signe Vangkilde, Tine Pedersen, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen
INTRODUCTION: Olfaction may be related to food restriction and weight loss. However, reports regarding olfactory function in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Characterize olfactory sensitivity and identification in female adolescents and young adults with first-episode AN and young females recovered from AN. METHODS: We used the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Threshold Test and Odor Identification Test to assess 43 participants with first-episode AN, 27 recovered participants, and 39 control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060579/a-comparison-of-the-metabolic-complications-and-hospital-course-of-severe-anorexia-nervosa-by-binge-purge-and-restricting-subtypes
#10
Melanie Rylander, John T Brinton, Allison L Sabel, Philip S Mehler, Jennifer L Gaudiani
This study examines adult patients with severe, life-threatening anorexia nervosa who were admitted to an inpatient, medical stabilization unit between October 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014. Specifically, the study compares anorexia nervosa, binge purge subtype (AN-BP) and anorexia nervosa, restricting subtype (AN-R) on admission measures, hospital course, and outcomes. Of the 232 patients, 46% (N = 108) had AN-BP. Patients with AN-R manifested a higher frequency of underweight-mediated medical complications, including bone marrow dysfunction, hepatic dysfunction, and hypoglycemia...
January 6, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058799/impact-of-asd-traits-on-treatment-outcomes-of-eating-disorders-in-girls
#11
Catherine S Stewart, Fiona S McEwen, Anna Konstantellou, Ivan Eisler, Mima Simic
Evidence links high levels of Autism Spectrum Disorder Traits in women with chronicity of anorexia nervosa. This study reports through clinical audit the impact of ASD traits on treatment outcomes of girls who were referred for treatment in a specialist eating disorder service. Presence of current, but not early childhood, ASD traits was elevated in comparison with previously reported community samples. Current ASD traits were correlated with emotional disorders and with need for treatment augmentation (psychiatric inpatient or day patient admission), but this relationship was not significant after the contribution of depression had been controlled for...
January 6, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058633/acute-retropharyngeal-abscess-in-a-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa
#12
Alexia Kleisoura, Ioannis Michopoulos, Anna Karavia, Rossetos Gournellis, Dimitrios Lefantzis, Athanasios Douzenis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056812/relationship-of-body-weight-with-gastrointestinal-motor-and-sensory-function-studies-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-obesity
#13
Sena Bluemel, Dieter Menne, Gabriella Milos, Oliver Goetze, Michael Fried, Werner Schwizer, Mark Fox, Andreas Steingoetter
BACKGROUND: Whether gastrointestinal motor and sensory function is primary cause or secondary effect of abnormal body weight is uncertain. Moreover, studies relating continuous postprandial sensations of satiation to measurable pathology are scarce. This work assessed postprandial gastrointestinal function and concurrent sensations of satiation across a wide range of body weight and after weight change. METHODS: Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and obesity (OB) were investigated in reference to normal weight controls (HC)...
January 5, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056106/metasynthesis-of-the-views-about-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-in-adolescents-perspectives-of-adolescents-parents-and-professionals
#14
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Marie Valentin, Marc-Antoine Podlipski, Stephanie Colin, Jerome Pradere, Anne Revah-Levy
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa in adolescents can be a difficult-to-treat disease. Because qualitative research is a well-established method for deepening our understanding of subjective experiences, such as eating disorders and their treatment, we sought to perform a systematic review of qualitative studies to synthesize the views of adolescents with this disease, their parents, and their healthcare providers about its treatment. METHODS: We performed a thematic synthesis to develop the central themes that summarize all of the topics raised in the articles included in our review...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053702/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-refeeding-protocol-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa-rady-children-s-hospital-san-diego-university-of-california-san-diego
#15
Tamara R Maginot, Maya M Kumar, Jacqueline Shiels, Walter Kaye, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for nutritional rehabilitation in hospitalized restrictive eating disorder patients recommend a cautious approach to refeeding. Several studies suggest that higher calorie diets may be safe and effective, but have traditionally excluded severely malnourished patients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of a higher calorie nutritional rehabilitation protocol (NRP) in a broad sample of inpatients with restrictive eating disorders, including those who were severely malnourished...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049078/elevated-total-plasma-adiponectin-is-stable-over-time-in-young-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#16
M Syk, M Ramklint, R Fredriksson, L Ekselius, J L Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by dysregulated eating behaviour and present data suggest adipokines may regulate food intake. We investigated a possible association between BN and adipokine levels and hypothesized that plasma (P)-adiponectin would be elevated and P-leptin and P-leptin-adiponectin-ratio would be reduced in women with BN. METHODS: The study was designed as a cross-sectional study with a longitudinal arm for patients with BN. Plasma-adiponectin and leptin was measured in 148 female patients seeking psychiatric ambulatory care and 45 female controls...
December 29, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043861/the-importance-of-the-hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal-axis-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-anorexia-nervosa
#17
REVIEW
Rami Bou Khalil, Lama Souaiby, Nassim Farès
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder, mainly affecting women, with a lifetime prevalence of about 1%, that can run a chronic course. While an effective pharmacotherapy is lacking, it is hypothesized that the progesterone and type II glucocorticoid receptor antagonist mifepristone (RU486) might be useful, as it is well known that the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) is activated in AN. Even if secondary to the eating disorder, an active HPA axis may contribute to maintaining the neuroendocrine, emotional and behavioral effects observed in AN...
December 30, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039667/body-dissatisfaction-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#18
Isabel Laporta-Herrero, Ignacio Jáuregui-Lobera, Belén Barajas-Iglesias, Miguel Ángel Santed-Germán
PURPOSE: This study aims to analyze and compare the level of body dissatisfaction (BD) in different eating disorders (ED) subtypes. Also, the relationship between BD and certain aesthetic body shape model influence and psychological variables was analyzed. METHODS: The sample consisted of 204 adolescent patients, who were attending in an ED Unit in Zaragoza (Spain). The following instruments were applied: the Spanish Children's Depression Questionnaire (CEDI-II), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40), the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) and the Questionnaire of Influences of Aesthetic Body shape Model (CIMEC-40)...
December 30, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032373/meaningful-memory-in-acute-anorexia-nervosa-patients-comparing-recall-learning-and-recognition-of-semantically-related-and-semantically-unrelated-word-stimuli
#19
Valentin Terhoeven, Ursula Kallen, Katrin Ingenerf, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Matthias Weisbrod, Wolfgang Herzog, Timo Brockmeyer, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Christoph Nikendei
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether observed memory impairment in anorexia nervosa (AN) depends on the semantic structure (categorized words) of material to be encoded. We aimed to investigate the processing of semantically related information in AN. METHOD: Memory performance was assessed in a recall, learning, and recognition test in 27 adult women with AN (19 restricting, 8 binge-eating/purging subtype; average disease duration: 9.32 years) and 30 healthy controls using an extended version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, applying semantically related and unrelated word stimuli...
December 29, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030575/time-course-of-leptin-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-during-inpatient-treatment-longitudinal-relationships-to-bmi-and-psychological-factors
#20
Esther Stroe-Kunold, Magdalena Buckert, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Daniela Wesche, Stefan Kopf, Wolfgang Herzog, Beate Wild
BACKGROUND: Leptin, a hormone secreted by adipose tissue, appears to play a major role in the homeostasis of body weight and psychobiological processes associated with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is scarce data on its exact influence on this disorder, in particular data over time. OBJECTIVE: The present study addresses whether leptin changes during inpatient treatment play a role for treatment outcome and psychological factors in underweight AN patients...
2016: PloS One
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