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Nikolaos D Roupas, Laurent Maïmoun, Irene Mamali, Olivier Coste, Alexandra Tsouka, Krishna Kunal Mahadea, Thibault Mura, Pascal Philibert, Laura Gaspari, Denis Mariano-Goulart, Michel Leglise, Charles Sultan, Neoklis A Georgopoulos
Elite Rhythmic Gymnasts (RGs) constitute a unique metabolic model and they are prone to developing Anorexia Athletica. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of training intensity on salivary adiponectin levels and assess a possible role of salivary adiponectin levels as a predictive factor of reproductive dysfunction and bone mass acquisition in elite RGs. The study included 80 elite female RGs participating in the World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championship tournament held in Montpellier, France on September 2011...
January 2014: Peptides
Laura Herbrich, Ernst Pfeiffer, Ulrike Lehmkuhl, Nora Schneider
Competitive sport has been under increasing discussion as a possible favourable factor in the development of eating disorders among children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of sport-specific eating disorders, in line with the concept of anorexia athletica. This prospective field study included one experimental group and two control groups (disease and healthy). Fifty-two pre-professional ballet dancers aged 13-20 years were tested for clinical eating disorders, anorexia athletica criteria, eating disorder related psychopathology and self-concept, and were compared with 52 patients with anorexia nervosa and 44 non-athletic controls of the same age...
August 2011: Journal of Sports Sciences
L Berglund, J Sundgot-Borgen, B Berglund
At the 2008 Olympics, the body weight of the athletes varied from 28 to 181 kg and many Olympic athletes therefore today have a stature far from the ancient Greek athletic ideals. Athletes and sports associated with leanness and their medical problems have been researched extensively. However, there has been less focus on those athletes, who may gain a competitive advantage by having excess body fat, being large or oversized. The present review introduces for the first time the concept of Adipositas athletica and gives a description and classification of these athletes...
October 2011: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
S Afflelou
This work analyzes the links between eating disorders and intensive exercise training and tries to define the anorexia athletica's place in this context. Through a review of the literature, we examined the arguments favoring the hypothesis of a "princeps" disorder, which would orientate girls towards some sports, and the arguments, which emphasize the capacity of some sports to lead to the apparition of these eating disorders. The description of a clinical case allows the evocation of the complexity of this relationship showing that intensive exercise training may be a facilitatory factor as well as a limitatory factor of the severity of the anorexia nervosa...
January 2009: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Mária Resch, Péter Haász
UNLABELLED: It is a fact that the incidence rate of anorexia nervosa is high among athletes who are considered a high-risk population in terms of eating disorders, and it is known as anorexia athletica by specialised literature. Our goal is to assess the prevalence of eating disorders among leading Hungarian athletes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Before the 2008 Olympics we conducted questionnaire surveys in several Hungarian training camps: demographic and training data, anorexia nervosa inventory for self-rating (ANIS) and the bulimia investigation test, Edinburgh (BITE)...
January 4, 2009: Orvosi Hetilap
Anja Steinbacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2008: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Mária Resch
OBJECTIVE: The current study presents one of the underprivileged populations of the national epidemiological scientific literature by the eating disorders. THE PURPOSE OF STUDY: Based on a review of selected publications over the past 10 years, the author summarizes definitions of the anorexia athletica and the female athlete triad. METHODS: Analysis of the international epidemiological data. RESULTS: The base definitions were more exact: the symptoms of anorexia athletica became differentiated, and the data of epidemiological studies were standing between smaller ranges...
October 7, 2007: Orvosi Hetilap
Rachel Bachner-Melman, Ada H Zohar, Richard P Ebstein, Yoel Elizur, Naama Constantini
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that aesthetic athletes (AA) have anorexic-like eating attitudes and behaviors, share personality characteristics such as perfectionism and obsessiveness, and are at high risk of eating disorders. METHODS: We compared symptomatology, personality variables typical of anorexia nervosa, and lifetime eating disorder prevalence across four groups of Israeli women: 31 anorexics, 111 AA (mostly dancers), 68 nonaesthetic athletes (NAA), and 248 controls...
April 2006: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Grace Hatmaker
Although commonly associated with girls and women, eating disorders do not discriminate. School nurses need to be aware that male students also can suffer from the serious health effects of anorexia nervosa, bulimia, anorexia athletica, and eating disorders not otherwise specified. Sports that focus on leanness and weight limits can add to a growing boy's risk of developing an eating disorder. Issues of body image and sexual development can complicate and can distort previously normal eating habits. Students may use powerful and dangerous drugs readily available via the Internet, including growth hormone, creatine, testosterone, and aminophylline, to build muscle and to eliminate fat, potentially causing serious health consequences...
December 2005: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Lindsey E Eberman, Michelle A Cleary
OBJECTIVE: To present the case of an elite female volleyball player who complained of diarrhea and fatigue after preseason training. BACKGROUND: The athlete lost 8.1 kg during the first 20 days of training, and we initially suspected an eating disorder. The sports medicine team interviewed the athlete and found she did not have psychological symptoms indicative of an eating disorder. The results of routine blood tests revealed critically high platelet counts; in conjunction with the physical findings, the athlete was referred to a gastroenterologist...
October 2005: Journal of Athletic Training
Karl Sudi, Karl Ottl, Doris Payerl, Peter Baumgartl, Klemens Tauschmann, Wolfram Müller
In many sports, athletes with low body weight have a distinct advantage over their opponents; however, this advantage can easily turn into a noticeable disadvantage because low body weight may also be associated with health problems. The present review focuses on the problem of anorexia athletica, with its emphasis on leanness and thinness in female and male sports athletes. Athletes often restrict calories and/or overexercise to achieve or maintain low body and fat masses. There is a growing body of evidence that several metabolic and endocrine disturbances are the result of prolonged energy restriction...
July 2004: Nutrition
Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Monica Klungland Torstveit
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were to examine the prevalence of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), anorexia athletica (AA), and eating disorders not otherwise specified (ED-NOS) in both male and female Norwegian elite athletes and a representative sample from the general Norwegian population. DESIGN: A 2-step study including self-reported questionnaire and clinical interview. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The entire population of Norwegian male and female elite athletes (n=1620) and controls (n=1696) was evaluated for the presence of eating disorders (EDs)...
January 2004: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
N Matejek, E Weimann, C Witzel, G Mölenkamp, S Schwidergall, H Böhles
Leptin, the product of the ob-gene, is specifically released by adipocytes. In addition to its metabolic function it seems to affect the feedback-mechanisms of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis. We studied 13 female juvenile elite gymnasts with anorexia athletica (AA) and 9 female patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) regarding the relation between leptin, fat stores, and the reproductive hormone levels. Leptin levels in females with anorexia nervosa (Tanner stage B4 [median]; mean age: 17.8 +/- 1.7 years) were low (2...
October 1999: International Journal of Sports Medicine
K J Neumärker, A J Bartsch
Available evidence supports the assumption that stressors in vulnerable adolescence potentially lead to restrictive dieting and imbalances of serotonergic metabolic particularly in females. In conjunction with idealized body images and developmentally characteristic bodily perceptions prone to distortion pathogenetic mechanisms of eating disorders are released. The entities of eating disorders are dimensionally viewed as points of continua a functions and categorized according to ICD-10 or DSM-IV, respectively...
1998: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
J Sundgot-Borgen
This study examined clinical and subclinical eating disorders (EDs) in young Norwegian modern rhythmic gymnasts. Subjects were 12 members of the national team, age 13-20 years, and individually matched nonathletic controls. All subjects participated in a structured clinical interview for EDs, medical examination, and dietary analysis. Two of the gymnasts met the DSM-III-R criteria for anorexia nervosa, and 2 met the criteria for anorexia athletica (a subclinical ED). All the gymnasts were dieting in spite of the fact that they were all extremely lean...
June 1996: International Journal of Sport Nutrition
J Sundgot-Borgen
This study assessed the nutrient intake and eating behavior in Norwegian female elite athletes suffering from eating disorders (ED) who met the criteria for anorexia nervosa (AN), anorexia athletica (AA), or bulimia nervosa (BN). The subjects included 7 AN, 43 AA, 42 BN, and 30 controls. Three-day and 24-hr food records were used to assess energy and nutrient intake. Results revealed that a significant number of AN and AA athletes have diets too low in energy and nutrients, the mean intake for energy and CHO being lower than recommended for active females...
December 1993: International Journal of Sport Nutrition
J Sundgot-Borgen
This study examined risk factors and triggers for eating disorders in female athletes. Subjects included were all of the elite female athletes in Norway (N = 603), ages 12-35 yr, representing six groups of sports: technical, endurance, aesthetic, weight dependent, ball games, and power sports. The Eating Disorder Inventory was used to classify individuals at risk for eating disorders. Of the 117 athletes defined at risk, 103 were administered a structured clinical interview for eating disorders. A comparison group was also interviewed, consisting of 30 athletes chosen at random from a pool not at risk and matched to the at-risk subjects on age, community of residence, and sport...
April 1994: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
K A Beals, M M Manore
A growing body of evidence suggests that the prevalence of eating disorders and excessive concerns regarding body weight in certain subpopulations of female athletes are increasing. The pressure on female athletes to improve their performances and physiques, coupled with the general sociocultural demand placed on all women to be thin, often results in attempts to achieve unrealistic body size and body weight goals. For some female athletes the pressure to achieve and maintain a low body weight leads to potentially harmful patterns of restrictive eating or chronic dieting...
June 1994: International Journal of Sport Nutrition
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