keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcoholics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936502/commentary-on-morgenstern-et-al-2017-party-themed-advertisements-and-initiation-of-alcohol-consumption
#1
Neo K Morojele, Charles D H Parry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936489/follow-up-of-alcohol-consumption-after-liver-transplantation-interest-of-an-addiction-team
#2
Hélène Donnadieu-Rigole, Laetitia Olive, Bertrand Nalpas, Audrey Winter, José Ursic-Bedoya, Stéphanie Faure, Georges-Philippe Pageaux, Pascal Perney
BACKGROUND: Alcohol relapses after liver transplantation (LT) constitute a critical issue. Because there is no widely accepted definition of LT, its prevalence varies from 7 to 95% across studies. Only a severe relapse, the frequency of which is estimated to be 11 to 26%, decreases life expectancy after 5 years of LT and requires specific care. To improve the early identification of alcohol consumption among transplanted patients, liver transplant teams may be helped by input from an addiction team...
December 9, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936481/patients-with-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-hepatic-steatosis-are-at-high-metabolic-risk
#3
J Kälsch, H Keskin, A Schütte, T Baars, H A Baba, L P Bechmann, A Canbay, J P Sowa
Background and aims: Hepatic steatosis is the basis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NALFD). Mere fat accumulation within hepatocytes is considered the mild form of NAFLD, but can progress in some patients to advanced steatohepatitis (NASH), which may lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. However, even hepatic steatosis alone may be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Patients and methods: In the present real life study 106 patients from the outpatient clinic of the Department for Gastroenterology and Hepatology with either NAFLD (n = 60) or other typical diagnoses (n = 46) were included...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936396/gnpat-p-d519g-is-independently-associated-with-markedly-increased-iron-stores-in-hfe-p-c282y-homozygotes
#4
James C Barton, Wen-Pin Chen, Mary J Emond, Pradyumna D Phatak, V Nathan Subramaniam, Paul C Adams, Lyle C Gurrin, Gregory J Anderson, Grant A Ramm, Lawrie W Powell, Katrina J Allen, John D Phillips, Charles J Parker, Gordon D McLaren, Christine E McLaren
BACKGROUND: GNPAT p.D519G positivity is significantly increased in HFE p.C282Y homozygotes with markedly increased iron stores. We sought to determine associations of p.D519G and iron-related variables with iron stores in p.C282Y homozygotes. METHODS: We defined markedly increased iron stores as serum ferritin >2247pmol/L (>1000μg/L) and either hepatic iron >236μmol/g dry weight or iron >10g by induction phlebotomy (men and women). We defined normal or mildly elevated iron stores as serum ferritin <674...
November 12, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936379/clinical-and-epidemiological-characteristics-associated-with-unfavorable-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-tb-hiv-co-infected-patients-in-brazil-a-hierarchical-polytomous-analysis
#5
Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Jayant V Rajan, Angélica Espinosa Miranda, Elias Dos Santos Dias, Lorrayne Beliqui Cosme, Lia Gonçalves Possuelo, Mauro N Sanchez, Jonathan E Golub, Lee W Riley, Ethel Leonor Maciel
BACKGROUND: TB patients co-infected with HIV have worse treatment outcomes than non-coinfected patients. How clinical characteristics of TB and socioeconomic characteristics influence these outcomes is poorly understood. Here, we use polytomous regression analysis to identify clinical and epidemiological characteristics associated with unfavorable treatment outcomes among TB-HIV co-infected patients in Brazil. METHODS: TB-HIV cases reported in the Brazilian information system (SINAN) between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2011 were identified and categorized by TB treatment outcome (cure, default, death, and development of MDR TB)...
December 6, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936375/putting-adolescents-at-risk-riding-with-drinking-drivers-who-are-adults-in-the-home
#6
Sion K Harris, Julie K Johnson, Lon Sherritt, Sarah Copelas, Melissa A Rappo, Celeste R Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related car crashes are a leading cause of adolescent death, and one in five U.S. adolescents reports recent riding in a car with a drinking driver. How often the driver is an adult in the home (e.g., parent) is unknown. Pediatric visits offer an opportunity to counsel families to reduce this risk. Our study aim was to determine the prevalence of recent riding with a drinking driver (RWDD) who was an adult in the home among adolescent primary care patients and to identify the demographic and environmental (substance use among family members) profiles of those at increased risk...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936374/testing-a-matching-hypothesis-for-emerging-adults-in-project-match-during-treatment-and-one-year-outcomes
#7
Jordan P Davis, Brandon G Bergman, Douglas C Smith, John F Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Compared with older adults, emerging adults (18-29 years old) entering treatment typically have less severe alcohol use consequences. Also, their unique clinical presentations (e.g., modest initial abstinence motivation) and developmental contexts (e.g., drinking-rich social networks) may make a straightforward implementation of treatments developed for adults less effective. Yet, this has seldom been examined empirically. This study was a secondary analysis of Project MATCH (Matching Alcoholism Treatments to Client Heterogeneity) data examining (a) overall differences between emerging adults and older adults (≥30 years old) on outcomes during treatment and at 1-year follow-up, and (b) whether emerging adults had poorer outcomes on any of the three Project MATCH treatments in particular...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936372/strategic-self-presentation-or-authentic-communication-predicting-adolescents-alcohol-references-on-social-media
#8
Femke Geusens, Kathleen Beullens
OBJECTIVE: The current study is one of the first to examine how self-reported alcohol consumption, friends' perceived alcohol consumption, and the perceived number of friends sharing alcohol references on social networking sites (SNS) is associated with adolescents' sharing of alcohol references on SNS. METHOD: A cross-sectional paper-and-pencil survey was administered among 3,172 adolescents (n = 3,133 used for analyses, mean age = 17.16 years, SD = 0.93; 50.7% male)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936371/testing-cross-sectional-and-prospective-mediators-of-internalized-heterosexism-on-heavy-drinking-alcohol-problems-and-psychological-distress-among-heavy-drinking-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Alexis Kuerbis, Ethan H Mereish, Marie Hayes, Christine M Davis, Sijing Shao, Jon Morgenstern
OBJECTIVE: Minority stress theory is one of the primary theories used to understand substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. This study tested whether drinking to cope with stress (DTC), loneliness, and gay community participation (GCP) mediated the relationship between one type of minority stress (i.e., internalized heterosexism) and behavioral health outcomes. METHOD: Using secondary data analysis and the PROCESS procedure, relationships between internalized heterosexism, the mediators (DTC, loneliness, and GCP), and outcomes (heavy drinking, alcohol problems, and psychological distress) were explored, both cross-sectionally and in a lagged manner, among both treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking problem drinking men who have sex with men...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936369/the-association-between-body-image-and-behavioral-misperception-bibm-and-alcohol-use-among-high-school-girls-results-from-the-2013-youth-risk-behavioral-survey
#10
Anna C Schlissel, Taylort T Schwartz, Margie R Skeer
OBJECTIVE: The need to be thin is pervasive in adolescent culture and is associated with increased risk outcomes among adolescent girls. Body image and behavioral misperception (BIBM) exists when there is a disconnect between body weight perception and actions taken related to perceived weight status. To understand this further, we examined the relationship between BIBM and alcohol use among high school girls in the United States. METHOD: Using 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data, we ran survey-weighted multivariable logistic regression analyses to examine BIBM and (a) lifetime alcohol use, (b) current alcohol use, and (c) current heavy episodic drinking (≥5 drinks in a few hours) among female high school students (N = 6,579)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936368/utility-of-brief-versions-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-to-identify-excessive-drinking-among-patients-in-hiv-care-in-south-africa
#11
Neo K Morojele, Sebenzile Nkosi, Connie T Kekwaletswe, Paul A Shuper, Samuel O Manda, Bronwyn Myers, Charles D H Parry
OBJECTIVE: In sub-Saharan Africa, large proportions of patients who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) engage in excessive alcohol use, which may lead to adverse health consequences and may go undetected. Consequently, health care workers need brief screening tools to be able to routinely identify and manage excessive alcohol use among their patients. Various brief versions of the valid and reliable 10-item Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) (i.e., the AUDIT-C, AUDIT-3, AUDIT-QF, AUDIT-PC, AUDIT-4, and m-FAST) may potentially replace the full AUDIT in busy HIV care settings...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936367/alcohol-warning-label-perceptions-do-warning-sizes-and-plain-packaging-matter
#12
Mohammed Al-Hamdani, Steven M Smith
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of research on the effectiveness of stringent alcohol warning labels. Our experiment tested whether increasing the size of an alcohol health warning lowers product-based ratings. We examined whether plain packaging lowers ratings of alcohol products and the consumers who use them, increases ratings of bottle "boringness," and enhances warning recognition compared with branded packaging. METHOD: A total of 440 adults (51.7% female) viewed one of three warning sizes (50%, 75%, or 90% of label surface) on either a plain or branded bottle of distilled spirits, wine, and beer...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936366/the-association-between-secondhand-harms-from-alcohol-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-postsecondary-students
#13
Kara Thompson, Parnell Davis-MacNevin, Michael Teehan, Sherry Stewart
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of research on the prevalence and consequences of secondhand harms from alcohol. The current study (a) investigated whether secondhand harms can be clustered into latent factors that reflect distinct but related types of harms and (b) examined the associations between experiencing secondhand harms and mental health outcomes, including anxiety, depression, and subjective mental well-being, among first-year Canadian postsecondary students. The moderating effect of living arrangement (i...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936365/how-much-is-too-much-patterns-of-drinking-during-alcohol-treatment-and-associations-with-post-treatment-outcomes-across-three-alcohol-clinical-trials
#14
Katie Witkiewitz, Corey R Roos, Matthew R Pearson, Kevin A Hallgren, Stephen A Maisto, Megan Kirouac, Alyssa A Forcehimes, Adam D Wilson, Charles S Robinson, Elizabeth McCallion, J Scott Tonigan, Nick Heather
OBJECTIVE: This secondary data analysis examined patterns of drinking during alcohol treatment and associated drinking outcomes during the first year following treatment. The goal was to provide clinicians with guidance on which patients may be most at risk for negative long-term outcomes based on drinking patterns during treatment. METHOD: This study was an analysis of existing data (N = 3,851) from three randomized clinical trials for alcohol use disorder: the COMBINE Study (n = 1,383), Project MATCH (n = 1,726), and the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (n = 742)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936364/parent-offspring-resemblance-for-drinking-behaviors-in-a-longitudinal-twin-sample
#15
Gretchen R B Saunders, Matt McGue, William G Iacono, Irene J Elkins
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate parent-offspring resemblance for alcohol consumption and dependence symptoms, including sex-specific effects, and how these patterns change across adolescence and early adulthood. METHOD: Three cohorts of twins were assessed longitudinally at five time points between ages 14 and 29 years, with parents directly assessed at intake, using structured interviews. Twin offspring and parents from the population-based Minnesota Twin Family Study were included for a total sample size of 3,762 offspring (52% female) and their parents...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936363/predictors-of-patterns-of-alcohol-related-blackouts-over-time-in-youth-from-the-collaborative-study-of-the-genetics-of-alcoholism-the-roles-of-genetics-and-cannabis
#16
Marc A Schuckit, Tom L Smith, Alexandra Shafir, Peyton Clausen, George Danko, Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Robert M Anthenelli, Grace Chan, Samuel Kuperman, Michie Hesselbrock, Victor Hesselbrock, John Kramer, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs) are anterograde amnesias related to heavy alcohol intake seen in about 50% of drinkers. Although a major determinant of ARBs relates to blood alcohol concentrations, additional contributions come from genetic vulnerabilities and possible impacts of cannabis use disorders (CUDs). We evaluated relationships of genetics and cannabis use to latent class trajectories of ARBs in 829 subjects from the Collaborative Study of the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA)...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936361/the-relationship-between-drinking-pattern-social-capital-and-area-deprivation-findings-from-the-health-survey-for-england
#17
Linda Ng Fat, Shaun Scholes, Stephen Jivraj
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the relationships between heavy episodic and drinking frequency with area-deprivation and social capital in England. METHOD: Using the Health Survey for England 2002-2006, a nationally representative crosssectional survey (N = 54,422), multilevel logistic regression models with individuals nested within primary sampling units were carried out, stratified by sex, on (a) drinkers versus nondrinkers, (b) heavy episodic drinking versus drinking less (on the heaviest drinking day), and (c) fewer than 2 drink-free days versus at least 2 drink-free days...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936360/it-depends-on-how-you-look-at-it-the-role-of-alcohol-in-men-s-sexual-aggression-perpetration
#18
Maria Testa, Michael J Cleveland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936359/does-alcohol-really-contribute-to-college-men-s-sexual-assault-perpetration-a-commentary-on-testa-and-cleveland-2017
#19
William H George, Kelly Cue Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936358/moving-beyond-simple-answers-to-complex-questions-how-does-context-affect-alcohol-s-role-in-sexual-assault-perpetration-a-commentary-on-testa-and-cleveland-2017
#20
Antonia Abbey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
keyword
keyword
75414
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"