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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166658/episodic-future-thinking-reduces-temporal-discounting-in-healthy-adolescents
#1
Uli Bromberg, Maria Lobatcheva, Jan Peters
Episodic Future Thinking has proven efficient in reducing impulsive behavior in several adult populations. Whether it also has a beneficial impact on decision making in adolescents is not known. Here the impact of episodic future thinking on discounting behavior was investigated in a sample of healthy adolescents (n = 44, age range 13-16 years). Discounting behavior in trials including episodic future thinking was significantly less impulsive than in control trials (t = 2.74, p = .009, dz = .44). In a subsample we controlled for executive function, alcohol use and developmental measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166576/the-beneficial-health-aspects-of-sea-buckthorn-elaeagnus-rhamnoides-l-a-nelson-oil
#2
REVIEW
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166482/abortion-and-sex-related-conditions-in-substance-dependent-brazilian-patients
#3
Alessandra Diehl, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Ronaldo Laranjeira
Abortion is a very sensitive issue with relevance to public health; however few clinical or population-based studies have examined induced abortion among drug users. The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of induced abortion and sex-related conditions in an inpatient drug user sample. A cross-sectional design study was conducted in an inpatient addiction treatment unit in São Paulo, Brazil, with a sample of 616 patients, aged 18-75. Sociodemographic data, sexual behavior, and dependence severity were evaluated in relation to induced abortion...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166444/patterns-of-tobacco-consumption-among-residents-of-a-rural-settlement-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Andrécia Cósmem da Silva, Lorena Silva Vargas, Roselma Lucchese, Bruno de Souza Calixto, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Ivania Vera, Paulo Alexandre de Castro, Valéria Pagotto, Inaina Lara Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: Investigate patterns and factors associated with tobacco consumption among residents of a rural settlement. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted between September and November 2014, with 172 residents of a rural settlement in the Midwest region of Brazil. We analyzed as dependent variables tobacco consumption at some point in life; current tobacco consumption; tobacco abuse; and the high risk of nicotine dependence, with sociodemographic variables associated with tobacco use, and we applied the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) and Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166435/smoking-among-adolescents-is-associated-with-their-own-characteristics-and-with-parental-smoking-cross-sectional-study
#5
Rafaela Campos Cuissi de Andrade, Aline Duarte Ferreira, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Catarina Covolo Scarabottolo, Bruna Thamyres Ciccotti Saraiva, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association between smoking during adolescence and the characteristics of smoking and alcohol consumption among their parents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in Londrina (PR), Brazil. METHODS: The subjects comprised 1,231 adolescents aged 14-17 years. The adolescents and their parents answered a self-report questionnaire that asked for sociodemographic information and data on smoking and alcohol consumption...
November 17, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166291/job-stress-in-young-adults-is-associated-with-a-range-of-poorer-health-behaviours-in-the-childhood-determinants-of-adult-health-cdah-study
#6
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Terence Dwyer, Alison Venn, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVE: To examine job stress and health behaviours, including their co-occurrence, in Australians aged 31-41 year assessed in 2009-11. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses using multivariable regression models of the association between the Effort Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity and BMI) both individually and co-occurring (0-3 versus 4-5 behaviours) were undertaken. Covariates included sociodemographics, personality and life events...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166248/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-allostatic-load-in-african-american-women-at-risk-for-obesity-related-diseases
#7
Marissa Tan, Abdullah Mamun, Heather Kitzman, Surendra Reddy Mandapati, Leilani Dodgen
INTRODUCTION: African American women have higher rates of obesity and related chronic disease than other demographic groups. The poorer health of African American women compared with other groups may be explained by allostatic load, or cumulative physiologic stress, due to chronic socioeconomic disadvantage. The objective of this study was to evaluate neighborhood and individual factors contributing to allostatic load in African American women at risk for obesity-related diseases. METHODS: This study evaluated the relationship of allostatic load with neighborhood disadvantage, individual socioeconomic determinants, and synergism between neighborhood and socioeconomic disadvantage, along with health behaviors and other factors as mediators in African American women...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166213/relationship-of-ptsd-with-impulsivity-dimensions-while-controlling-the-effect-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#8
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Muge Bozkurt, Bilge Evren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with impulsivity dimensions while controlling the effect of anxiety and depression in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: Participants were 190 male patients admitted to a specialized center for substance use disorders within a six month period. Participants were evaluated with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Short Form Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11-SF), the Traumatic Experiences Checklist (TEC) and PTSD Checklist Civilian version (PCL-C)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#9
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166031/a-twist-of-the-twist-mechanism-2-iodoxybenzoic-acid-ibx-mediated-oxidation-of-alcohol-revisited-theory-and-experiment
#10
Heming Jiang, Tian-Yu Sun, Xiao Wang, Yaoming Xie, Xinhao Zhang, Yun-Dong Wu, Henry F Schaefer
2-Iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX) is an important species for the oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes or ketones. An often-cited mechanism involving a hypervalent twist as the rate-determining step (RDS) is inconsistent with kinetic isotope effect (KIE) experiments. The computations with larger basis sets reveal that the reductive elimination involving the C-H bond cleavage is the RDS (rate-determining step). Further computational/experimental studies suggest that the reactivity can be improved by adjusting the trans influence with Lewis acids...
November 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165861/engineered-biomolecular-recognition-of-rdx-using-a-thermostable-alcohol-dehydrogenase-as-a-protein-scaffold
#11
Beyza Bulutoglu, Jennifer Haghpanah, Elliot Campbell, Scott A Banta
There are many biotechnology applications that would benefit from simple, stable proteins with engineered biomolecular recognition. Here we explored the hypothesis that a thermostable alcohol dehydrogenase (AdhD from P. furisosus) could be engineered to bind a small molecule instead of a cofactor or molecules involved in the catalytic transition state. We chose the explosive molecule 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) as a proof-of-concept. Its low solubility in water was exploited for immobilization for biopanning using ribosome display...
November 22, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165859/alkene-1-2-difunctionalization-via-radical-alkenyl-migration
#12
Xinjun Tang, Armido Studer
Transition metal-free radical α-perfluoroalkylation with accompanying vicinal β-alkenylation of unactivated alkenes is presented. These radical cascades proceed via 1,4 or 1,5-alkenyl migration by electron catalysis on readily accessed allylic alcohols. Reactions comprise a regioselective perfluoroalkyl radical addition with subsequent alkenyl migration and concomitant deprotonation to generate a ketyl radical anion that sustains the chain as a single electron transfer reducing reagent.
November 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165805/effect-of-sorbitol-plasticizer-on-the-structure-and-properties-of-melt-processed-polyvinyl-alcohol-films
#13
Huafeng Tian, Di Liu, Yuanyuan Yao, Songbai Ma, Xing Zhang, Aimin Xiang
Poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) possesses wide applications as food packaging materials, but is difficult to melt process for its strong inter/intra hydrogen bonding. In this work, flexible PVA films with different content of sorbitol plasticizers were prepared by melt processing with the assistance of water. And the influence of sorbitol plasticizer content on the crystallinity, optical transparency, water-retaining capability, mechanical properties, thermal stability and oxygen and water permeability were investigated...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165478/acid-catalyzed-reaction-of-2-hydroxycyclobutanone-with-benzylic-alcohols
#14
Alberto Martis, Alberto Luridiana, Angelo Frongia, Massimiliano Arca, Giorgia Sarais, David J Aitken, Regis Guillot, Francesco Secci
The acid-promoted syntheses of 2-(benzyloxy)cyclobutanones and bis(benzyloxy)dioxatricyclo decanes were achieved starting from 2-hydroxycyclobutanone and variously functionalized benzyl alcohols. The reaction sequences afforded the desired products in good to high yields and in a solvent-dependent chemoselective fashion.
November 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165470/microwave-assisted-synthesis-of-hydroxyl-containing-isoquinolines-by-metal-free-radical-cyclization-of-vinyl-isocyanides-with-alcohols
#15
Dengqi Xue, Hao Chen, Yulong Xu, Haihua Yu, Linqian Yu, Wei Li, Qiong Xie, Liming Shao
A convenient microwave-assisted protocol for the synthesis of hydroxyl-containing isoquinolines from a metal-free radical cyclization reaction of vinyl isonitriles with alcohols was developed with moderate-to-excellent yields. Vinyl isonitriles are coupled with alkyl radicals through direct catalytic functionalization of the α sp(3) C-H bond of alcohols. The methodology demonstrates a broad substrate scope, shows excellent functional group tolerance, is highly atom-economical and highly efficient, thus enabling the preparation of diverse potentially valuable hydroxyl-containing isoquinolines...
November 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165394/wxc-%C3%AE-sic-nanocomposite-catalysts-used-in-aqueous-phase-hydrogenation-of-furfural
#16
Jacek Rogowski, Mariusz Andrzejczuk, Joanna Berlowska, Michal Binczarski, Dorota Kregiel, Andrzej Kubiak, Magdalena Modelska, Elzbieta Szubiakiewicz, Andrei Stanishevsky, Jolanta Tomaszewska, Izabela Alina Witonska
This study investigates the effects of the addition of tungsten on the structure, phase composition, textural properties and activities of β-SiC-based catalysts in the aqueous phase hydrogenation of furfural. Carbothermal reduction of SiO₂ in the presence of WO₃ at 1550 °C in argon resulted in the formation of WxC-β-SiC nanocomposite powders with significant variations in particle morphology and content of WxC-tipped β-SiC nano-whiskers, as revealed by TEM and SEM-EDS. The specific surface area (SSA) of the nanocomposite strongly depended on the amount of tungsten and had a notable impact on its catalytic properties for the production of furfuryl alcohol (FA) and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol (THFA)...
November 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165325/collapse-in-two-good-solvents-swelling-in-two-poor-solvents-defying-the-laws-of-polymer-solubility
#17
Debashish Mukherji, Carlos M Marques, Kurt Kremer
In this work we discuss two mirror but distinct phenomena of polymer paradoxical properties in mixed solvents: co-non-solvency and co-solvency. When a polymer collapses in a mixture of two miscible good solvents the phenomenon is known as co-non-solvency, while co-solvency is a phenomenon that is associated with the swelling of a polymer in poor solvent mixtures. A typical example of co-non-solvency is provided by poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm) in aqueous alcohol, while poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) in aqueous alcohol shows co-solvency...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165257/alcohol-and-cancer
#18
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165123/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-a-working-population-at-high-altitude-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Yang Shen, Chun Chang, Jingru Zhang, Ying Jiang, Bingying Ni, Yanling Wang
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the epidemiology of hypertension and prehypertension at high altitude in China, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, prehypertension and their risk factors among Chinese working population at high altitude regions. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in an occupational sample of 4198 employees aged 20-59 years on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau between May to July 2013. Information from a self-administered questionnaire, physical examinations and laboratory measurements were obtained from each participant...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164903/do-mental-disorders-moderate-the-association-between-diabetes-status-and-alcohol-consumption
#20
Randa Elgendy, Sonya S Deschênes, Rachel J Burns, Norbert Schmitz
Although heavy alcohol consumption is associated with diabetes-related complications, little is known about patterns of alcohol use among people with diabetes. Moreover, heavy drinking is more common among individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) than in the general population, and these disorders are often comorbid with diabetes. The present study tested the hypothesis that mental disorders moderate the association between diabetes status and alcohol consumption...
November 22, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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