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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107063/hematologic-and-biochemical-values-of-wild-red-tailed-amazon-parrot-amazona-brasiliensis-nestlings-with-abnormal-clinical-examination-in-rasa-island-brazil
#1
Frederico Fontanelli Vaz, Rosangela Locatelli-Dittrich, Olair Carlos Beltrame, Elenise Angelotti Bastos Sipinski, Maria Cecília Abbud, Rafael Meirelles Sezerban
The red-tailed Amazon parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) is an endangered psittacine species, but little information is available about abnormal clinical findings and hematologic and biochemical values of this species, which are important for monitoring the health of this population. To determine hematologic and biochemical values for wild red-tailed parrot nestlings exhibiting abnormal clinical findings, 31 nestlings from the Rasa Island (Paraná State, Southern Brazil) were physically restrained for clinical examination and blood sample collection...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105670/the-role-of-shame-in-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-schizophrenia
#2
Nadine Keen, Darren George, Peter Scragg, Emmanuelle Peters
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of shame and its relationship to depression in schizophrenia. It was predicted that individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia would exhibit higher levels of shame due to the stigma associated with their diagnosis, independently of depression levels, compared with psychiatric and medical control groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design with three groups: individuals with a diagnosis of (1) schizophrenia, (2) depression, and (3) rheumatoid arthritis...
January 19, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105364/disseminated-penicillium-marneffei-infection-recurrence-in-a-non-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#3
Zhixue Zhang, Fangxu Tao, Yining Li, Yudong Xiao, Zhishu Zhang, Jun Liu
Penicillium marneffei is a rare deep tissue fungal infection causing an endemic in Southeast Asia. This infection causes penicilliosis disease and is more common in patients who are immunocompromised. To date, no cases of P. marneffei infection relapse following treatment have been reported. A 36-year-old patient attended our hospital as a result of intermittent fever, cough, shortness of breath and multiple soft lesions located on the face, arms, neck and trunk. The medical radiological examination of the lung revealed multiple patchy exudative shadows, thick-walled hollow inner part of the visible lesions, bilateral pleural and pericardial effusion...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105133/a-prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-acetyl-l-carnitine-for-the-treatment-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#4
Yuanjue Sun, Yongqian Shu, Baorui Liu, Ping Liu, Changping Wu, Rongsheng Zheng, Xiaohua Zhang, Zhixiang Zhuang, Yongchuan Deng, Leizhen Zheng, Qing Xu, Bin Jiang, Xuenong Ouyang, Jianfei Gao, Nong Xu, Xiaoyi Li, Su Jiang, Chaofan Liang, Yang Yao
The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). The study was carried out as a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled and paralleled clinical study. A total of 239 patients with CIPN were selected as the study subjects. Of the 239 subjects, 118 subjects received 3 g/day ALC orally for 8 weeks and 121 received a placebo. The primary endpoint was improvement of peripheral neuropathy by at least one grade...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104987/estimation-of-quality-of-life-in-cypriot-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Maria Tsoukka, Eleni Jelastopulu, Giagkos Lavranos, George Charalambous
AIM: To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients suffering with idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: The Greek validated version of the Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire was used for evaluating the quality of life of IBD patients. The questionnaire was distributed to 100 consecutive patients suffering from IBD and presenting for a clinic appointment at the endoscopy unit of Larnaca General Hospital during the period from October to November 2012...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104250/impact-of-daclizumab-versus-interferon-beta-1a-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Ying Liu, Timothy Vollmer, Eva Havrdova, Katherine Riester, Andrew Lee, Glenn Phillips, Ping Wang, Guido Sabatella
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide information on treatment effects from the patient's perspective that complement outcomes on clinical measures. In DECIDE, daclizumab demonstrated superior efficacy in reducing relapses, 24-week confirmed disability progression, and brain lesions (assessed by magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) versus intramuscular interferon beta-1a in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of daclizumab versus interferon beta-1a on PROs in DECIDE...
January 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103971/-surgical-treatment-of-small-pulmonary-nodules-under-video-assisted-thoracoscopy-%C3%A2-a-report-of-129-cases
#7
Tong Wang, Tiansheng Yan, Feng Wan, Shaohua Ma, Keyi Wang, Jingdi Wang, Jintao Song, Wei He, Jie Bai, Liang Jin
BACKGROUND: The development of image technology has led to increasing detection of pulmonary small nodules year by year, but the determination of their nature before operation is difficult. This clinical study aimed to investigate the necessity and feasibility of surgical resection of pulmonary small nodules through a minimally invasive approach and the operational manner of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The clinical data of 129 cases with pulmonary small nodule of 10 mm or less in diameter were retrospectively analyzed in our hospital from December 2013 to November 2016...
January 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103820/the-relationship-between-midwife-led-group-based-versus-conventional-antenatal-care-and-mode-of-birth-a-matched-cohort-study
#8
Lauren Kearney, Mary Kynn, Alison Craswell, Rachel Reed
BACKGROUND: Midwife facilitated, group models of antenatal care have emerged as an alternative to conventional care both within Australia and internationally. Group antenatal care can be offered in a number of different ways, however usually constitutes a series of sessions co-ordinated by a midwife combining physical assessment, antenatal education and peer support in a group setting. Midwife-led group antenatal care is viewed positively by expectant mothers, with no associated adverse outcomes identified in the published literature for women or their babies when compared with conventional care...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103052/adjunctive-treatment-of-psychotic-disorders-with-micronutrients
#9
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) on adult psychosis when added to conventional medications by using a placebo-controlled randomized design with a 1-month open-label run-in. DESIGN: Longitudinal comparison study following a randomized, controlled trial that had failed because participants declined to undergo randomization. Setting/Locations: Rural primary care and psychiatry clinic in northern New England (town of 16,000 people)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102815/assessment-of-the-characteristics-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-uremic-peripheral-neuropathy%C3%A2
#10
Xiu-Zhi Yu, Shi Lu, Wei Gou, Wei Wang, Shui-Hong Zou, Yin-Xia Han, Wei-Wei Wang, Jin-Yuan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to examine the characteristics and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with uremic peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: Uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) at our hospital were enrolled in this study. Data collection began in January 2011 and ended in June 2011. The patients were divided into two groups, the lesion group (110 cases) and the non-lesion group (168 cases), based on the presence or absence of peripheral neuropathy...
January 19, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102482/the-role-of-text-messaging-in-cardiovascular-risk-factor-optimization
#11
REVIEW
Harry Klimis, Mohammad Ehsan Khan, Cindy Kok, Clara K Chow
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many cases of CVD may be avoidable through lowering behavioural risk factors such as smoking and physical inactivity. Mobile health (mHealth) provides a novel opportunity to deliver cardiovascular prevention programs in a format that is potentially scalable. Here, we provide an overview of text messaging-based mHealth interventions in cardiovascular prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Text messaging-based interventions appear effective on a range of behavioural risk factors and can effect change on multiple risk factors-e...
January 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102450/hidden-blood-loss-and-the-influential-factors-after-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-surgery
#12
Yao-Sen Wu, Hui Zhang, Wen-Hao Zheng, Zhen-Hua Feng, Ze-Xin Chen, Yan Lin
PURPOSE: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). It is generally considered that there is little blood loss during the surgery. However, a significant perioperative hidden blood loss (HBL) is neglected. This study was to examine the amount of HBL and determine the influential factors during PKP. METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2016, 115 patients with OVCFs who were scheduled to have a PKP were enrolled in this study...
January 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102100/a-systematic-review-the-influence-of-real-time-feedback-on-wheelchair-propulsion-biomechanics
#13
Andrew Symonds, Giulia Barbareschi, Stephen Taylor, Catherine Holloway
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines recommend that, in order to minimize upper limb injury risk, wheelchair users adopt a semi-circular pattern with a slow cadence and a large push arc. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether real time feedback can be used to influence manual wheelchair propulsion biomechanics. REVIEW METHODS: Clinical trials and case series comparing the use of real time feedback against no feedback were included. A general review was performed and methodological quality assessed by two independent practitioners using the Downs and Black checklist...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100673/setting-up-a-clinic-to-assess-children-and-young-people-for-female-genital-mutilation
#14
Deborah Hodes, Sarah M Creighton
It is now mandatory for health, social care professionals and teachers to report to the police all under-18s where female genital mutilation (FGM) has been disclosed by the child or where physical signs of FGM are seen. Such referrals are likely to result in a request for medical examination. New multiagency statutory guidance sets out instructions for physical examination but provides no details how services should be set-up. This review gives practical guidance learnt from the first year of the UK's only dedicated children's FGM service...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100363/-hyper-ige-syndrome-in-adulthood-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
J M Jin, Y C Sun, Y Liu, X F Liu, G J Liu, J Y Han, H Zeng
Objective: To describe the clinical features of hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES), with emphasis on refractory pulmonary cystic lesions as the initial presentation in adulthood. Methods: A case of HIES presenting with pulmonary cystic lesions in an adult patient was retrospectively analyzed. We used "hyper-IgE syndrome" as the Chinese keywords, "hyper-IgE syndrome, China" as the English keywords to retrieve the literature from Wanfang database/CNKI database and Pubmed database until April 2016. The clinical data were pooled and analyzed...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099186/poststroke-depression-risk-factors-and-potential-effects-on-functional-recovery
#16
Ozgur Z Karaahmet, Eda Gurcay, Ozlem C Avluk, Ebru K Umay, Ibrahim Gundogdu, Oznur Ecerkale, Aytul Cakci
The factors that may cause poststroke depression were investigated in the literature focusing on lesion localization, age, stroke severity, and impairments in physical and cognitive function. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors influencing the development of poststroke depression and to determine the effect of depression on the patients' functional improvement after rehabilitation. Patients in the first 6-month period after stroke who were hospitalized in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic were included in this study...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097851/-bednar-s-aphthae-in-newborn
#17
Mercedes Fariñas Salto, Cristina Menéndez Hernando, Raquel Martín Molina, Víctor Galán Gómez, Fernando J García de Pedro
The description of the Bednar's ulcer is uncommon in the current literature. It has been associated with the traumatic effect of the bottle's nipple and/or no orthodontic soothers while breastfeeding. We present a newborn of 20 days of life attended at the emergency room for irritability, with the only finding on physical examination of two oral ulcers. We describe the clinical presentation, evolution and treatment. The normality of the diagnostic test, clinical characteristics and evolution lead to the diagnosis of Bednar´s ulcer...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097459/are-intensive-data-collection-methods-in-pain-research-feasible-in-those-with-physical-disability-a-study-in-persons-with-chronic-pain-and-spinal-cord-injury
#18
A L Kratz, C Z Kalpakjian, R A Hanks
PURPOSE: Intensive repeated measures data collection procedures, such as ecological momentary assessment (EMA) and end-of-day (EOD) diaries, are becoming more prominent in pain research. Existing data on the feasibility of such methods is encouraging; however, almost nothing is known about feasibility in clinical populations with significant physical disabilities. Research methodology feasibility is crucial to the inclusion of individuals with physical disability in pain research given the high prevalence and impact of pain in these populations...
January 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096709/communication-pitfalls-of-traditional-history-and-physical-write-up-documentation
#19
Jeffrey L Brown
BACKGROUND: An unofficial standardized "write-up" outline is commonly used for documenting history and physical examinations, giving oral presentations, and teaching clinical skills. Despite general acceptance, there is an apparent discrepancy between the way clinical encounters are conducted and how they are documented. METHODS: Fifteen medical school websites were randomly selected from search-engine generated lists. One example of a history and physical write-up from each of six sites, one teaching outline from each of nine additional sites, and recommendations for documentation made in two commonly used textbooks were compared for similarities and differences...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095806/predictors-of-mental-health-review-tribunal-mhrt-outcome-in-a-forensic-inpatient-population-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Amelia Jewell, Kimberlie Dean, Tom Fahy, Alexis E Cullen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated factors associated with outcome at Mental Health Review Tribunals (MHRTs) in forensic psychiatric patients; however, dynamic variables such as treatment compliance and substance misuse have scarcely been examined, particularly in UK samples. We aimed to determine whether dynamic factors related to behaviour, cooperation with treatment, and activities on the ward were prospectively associated with outcome at MHRT. METHODS: At baseline, demographic, clinical, behavioural, and treatment-related factors were ascertained via electronic medical records and census forms completed by the patient's clinical team...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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