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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771997/core-neurological-examination-items-for-neurology-clerks-a-modified-delphi-study-with-a-grass-roots-approach
#1
Chi-Hung Liu, Li-Ling Hsu, Cheng-Ting Hsiao, Suh-Ing Hsieh, Chun-Wei Chang, Elaine Shinwei Huang, Yeu-Jhy Chang
BACKGROUND: With the evolution of treatments for neurological diseases, the contents of core neurological examinations (NEs) for medical students may need to be modified. We aimed to establish a consensus on the core NE items for neurology clerks and compare viewpoints between different groups of panelists. METHODS: First, a pilot group proposed the core contents of NEs for neurology clerks. The proposed core NE items were then subject to a modified web-based Delphi process using the online software "SurveyMonkey"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767569/teaching-tip-development-of-veterinary-anesthesia-simulations-for-pre-clinical-training-design-implementation-and-evaluation-based-on-student-perspectives
#2
Jana L Jones, Jim Rinehart, Jacqueline Jordan Spiegel, Ryane E Englar, Brian K Sidaway, Joie Rowles
Anesthesia simulations have been used in pre-clinical medical training for decades to help learners gain confidence and expertise in an operating room environment without danger to a live patient. The authors describe a veterinary anesthesia simulation environment (VASE) with anesthesia scenarios developed to provide a re-creation of a veterinarian's task environment while performing anesthesia. The VASE uses advanced computer technology with simulator inputs provided from standard monitoring equipment in common use during veterinary anesthesia and a commercial canine training mannequin that allows intubation, ventilation, and venous access...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727522/development-of-a-short-course-on-management-of-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-respiratory-infection-and-impact-on-clinician-knowledge-in-resource-limited-icus
#3
Janet V Diaz, Justin R Ortiz, Paula Lister, Nahoko Shindo, Neill K J Adhikari
BACKGROUND: The 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic caused surges of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) in resource-limited settings. Several Ministries of Health requested clinical management guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO), which had not previously developed guidance regarding critically ill patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the acceptability and impact on knowledge of a short course about the management of critically ill patients with acute respiratory infections complicated by sepsis or acute respiratory distress syndrome delivered to clinicians in resource-limited ICUs...
May 4, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726433/automated-error-detection-in-physiotherapy-training
#4
Marko Jovanović, Johannes Seiffarth, Ekaterina Kutafina, Stephan M Jonas
BACKGROUND: Manual skills teaching, such as physiotherapy education, requires immediate teacher feedback for the students during the learning process, which to date can only be performed by expert trainers. OBJECTIVES: A machine-learning system trained only on correct performances to classify and score performed movements, to identify sources of errors in the movement and give feedback to the learner. METHODS: We acquire IMU and sEMG sensor data from a commercial-grade wearable device and construct an HMM-based model for gesture classification, scoring and feedback giving...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725559/trapped-as-a-group-escape-as-a-team-applying-gamification-to-incorporate-team-building-skills-through-an-escape-room-experience
#5
Xiao Chi Zhang, Hyunjoo Lee, Carlos Rodriguez, Joshua Rudner, Teresa M Chan, Dimitrios Papanagnou
Teamwork, a skill critical for quality patient care, is recognized as a core competency by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To date, there is no consensus on how to effectively teach these skills in a forum that engages learners, immerses members in life-like activities, and builds both trust and rapport. Recreational 'Escape Rooms' have gained popularity in creating a life-like environment that rewards players for working together, solving puzzles, and completing successions of mind-bending tasks in order to effectively 'escape the room' in the time allotted...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708381/do-we-know-what-we-need-preference-for-feedback-about-accurate-performances-does-not-benefit-sensorimotor-learning
#6
Flavio Henrique Bastos, Go Tani, Ricardo Drews, Stephan Riek, Welber Marinovic
Previous research on skill acquisition has shown that learners seem to prefer receiving knowledge of results (KR) about those trials in which they have performed more accurately. In the present study, we assessed whether this preference leads to an advantage in terms of skill acquisition, transfer, and retention of their capacity to extrapolate the motion of decelerating objects during periods of visual occlusion. Instead of questionnaires, we adopted a more direct approach to investigate learners' preferences for KR...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688108/a-novel-workplace-based-assessment-for-competency-based-decisions-and-learner-feedback
#7
Patricia J Hicks, Melissa J Margolis, Carol L Carraccio, Brian E Clauser, Kathleen Donnelly, H Barrett Fromme, Kimberly A Gifford, Sue E Poynter, Daniel J Schumacher, Alan Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Increased recognition of the importance of competency-based education and assessment has led to the need for practical and reliable methods to assess relevant skills in the workplace. METHODS: A novel milestone-based workplace assessment system was implemented in 15 pediatrics residency programs. The system provided: (1) web-based multisource feedback (MSF) and structured clinical observation (SCO) instruments that could be completed on any computer or mobile device; and (2) monthly feedback reports that included competency-level scores and recommendations for improvement...
April 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677951/modelling-feedback-in-virtual-patients-an-iterative-approach
#8
Natalia Stathakarou, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Lars Henningsohn, Cormac McGrath
Virtual Patients (VPs) offer learners the opportunity to practice clinical reasoning skills and have recently been integrated in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Feedback is a central part of a branched VP, allowing the learner to reflect on the consequences of their decisions and actions. However, there is insufficient guidance on how to design feedback models within VPs and especially in the context of their application in MOOCs. In this paper, we share our experiences from building a feedback model for a bladder cancer VP in a Urology MOOC, following an iterative process in three steps...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672257/potterygo-a-virtual-pottery-making-training-system
#9
Pei-Ying Chiang, Han-Yu Chang, Yung-Ju Chang
This article presents a pottery-making training system with a focus on teaching fundamental knowledge and practical techniques in a virtual-reality environment. Gesture analysis makes it possible to correct the learners actions via visual feedback. Our results demonstrate the efficacy in assisting beginners with learning the gestures used in pottery-making.
March 2018: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668522/the-art-and-artifice-of-seeking-feedback-clerkship-students-approaches-in-asking-for-feedback
#10
Robert Bing-You, Victoria Hayes, Tamara Palka, Marybeth Ford, Robert Trowbridge
PURPOSE: As attention has shifted to learners as significant partners in feedback interactions, it is important to explore what feedback-seeking behaviors medical students use and how the faculty-student relationship affects feedback-seeking behaviors. METHOD: This qualitative study was inspired by the organizational psychology literature. Third-year medical students were interviewed at Maine Medical Center in April-May 2017 after completing a traditional block-rotation clerkship or a nine-month longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC)...
April 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651461/limiting-parental-interaction-during-vocal-development-affects-acoustic-call-structure-in-marmoset-monkeys
#11
Yasemin B Gultekin, Steffen R Hage
Human vocal development is dependent on learning by imitation through social feedback between infants and caregivers. Recent studies have revealed that vocal development is also influenced by parental feedback in marmoset monkeys, suggesting vocal learning mechanisms in nonhuman primates. Marmoset infants that experience more contingent vocal feedback than their littermates develop vocalizations more rapidly, and infant marmosets with limited parental interaction exhibit immature vocal behavior beyond infancy...
April 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648873/the-benefits-of-retrieval-practice-depend-on-item-difficulty-and-intelligence
#12
Meredith Minear, Jennifer H Coane, Sarah C Boland, Leah H Cooney, Marissa Albat
The authors examined whether individual differences in fluid intelligence (gF) modulate the testing effect. Participants studied Swahili-English word pairs and repeatedly studied half the pairs or attempted retrieval, with feedback, for the remaining half. Word pairs were easy or difficult to learn. Overall, participants showed a benefit of testing over restudy. However, almost 1/3 of the sample had a negative testing effect and benefitted more from restudy than testing, as well as performing better overall...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627304/low-fidelity-model-making-activity-by-students-a-novel-way-of-learning-concepts-of-neuroanatomy
#13
Shilpi Gupta Dixit, Pushpa Potaliya, S M Nayeemudin, Surajit Ghatak
Teaching and learning anatomy has always been an integral part of medical education. Teaching neuroanatomy has always faced innate and contextual challenges therefore various innovative teaching-learning methods have been devised on the idea of engaging learners in meaningful learning activities through apt guidance, communication among peers and cluster activities. The present study aims at such an innovative method. The study was conducted in practical sessions of first year MBBS at the Institute during second semester...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609893/evaluation-of-the-characteristics-of-a-workplace-assessment-form-to-assess-entrustable-professional-activities-epas-in-an-undergraduate-surgery-core-clerkship
#14
Vernon R Curran, Diana Deacon, Henry Schulz, Katherine Stringer, Craig N Stone, Norah Duggan, Heidi Coombs-Thorne
OBJECTIVE: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) are explicit, directly observable tasks requiring the demonstration of specific knowledge, skills, and behaviors that learners are expected to perform without direct supervision once they have gained sufficient competence. Undergraduate level implementation of EPAs is relatively new. We examined the characteristics of a workplace assessment form (clinic card) as part of a formative programmatic assessment process of EPAs for a core undergraduate surgery rotation...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600530/does-a-blended-learning-environment-suit-advanced-practice-training-for-pharmacists-in-a-middle-east-setting
#15
Kerry Wilbur, Andrea D J Taylor
OBJECTIVES: The transfer of pedagogies and instructional techniques outside their contexts of origin may not be always be suitable for intended learners. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Middle East pharmacists enrolled in advanced pharmacy practice courses delivered through a blended learning environment (BLE). METHODS: Seventeen students and graduates from a BLE in Qatar participated in focus group interviews. A topic guide was developed to elicit these pharmacists' perspectives on perceived barriers to completing the courses and facilitating factors for content engagement and overall satisfaction...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578514/mechanical-ventilation-boot-camp-curriculum
#16
Jennifer Yee, Alma Benner, Jared Hammond, Bethany Malone, Charles Fuenning, Richard George, Rami A Ahmed
Medical management of mechanically ventilated patients is challenging to novice providers. Incorrect management of this population may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. A three-day simulation-based boot camp serves to provide one-on-one instruction with a critical care provider. These intensivists may dispense personalized immediate feedback as learners engage in hands-on practice with a real mechanical ventilator. Multiple different pathologies can be reviewed that may not be encountered in the clinical setting...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577735/evaluation-of-a-distance-learning-curriculum-for-interprofessional-quality-improvement-leaders
#17
Megan E Gregory, Jennifer L Bryan, Sylvia J Hysong, Isabelle S Kusters, Rebecca S Miltner, Diana E Stewart, Natalie Polacek, LeChauncy D Woodard, Jane Anderson, Aanand D Naik, Kyler M Godwin
As health care systems move toward value-based care, training future leaders in quality improvement (QI) is essential. Web-based training allows for broad dissemination of QI knowledge to geographically distributed learners. The authors conducted a longitudinal evaluation of a structured, synchronous web-based, advanced QI curriculum that facilitated engagement and real-time feedback. Learners (n = 54) were satisfied (overall satisfaction; M = 3.31/4.00), and there were improvements in cognitive (immediate QI knowledge tests; P = ...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574017/what-makes-a-good-endoscopic-teacher-a-qualitative-analysis
#18
Kamron Pourmand, Justin L Sewell, Brijen J Shah
OBJECTIVE: Teaching learners to perform endoscopic procedures is challenging, yet effective endoscopy teaching practices are not well-described in the literature, and prior studies have focused on perspectives of supervising physicians rather than learners. We sought to characterize, from the perspective of endoscopy learners, endoscopic teaching behaviors perceived as beneficial and detrimental to learning using qualitative methods. DESIGN: This is a prospective qualitative content analysis...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572920/stakes-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-an-international-study-of-learners-perceptions-within-programmatic-assessment
#19
Suzanne Schut, Erik Driessen, Jan van Tartwijk, Cees van der Vleuten, Sylvia Heeneman
OBJECTIVES: Within programmatic assessment, the ambition is to simultaneously optimise the feedback and the decision-making function of assessment. In this approach, individual assessments are intended to be low stakes. In practice, however, learners often perceive assessments designed to be low stakes as high stakes. In this study, we explored how learners perceive assessment stakes within programmatic assessment and which factors influence these perceptions. METHODS: Twenty-six learners were interviewed from three different countries and five different programmes, ranging from undergraduate to postgraduate medical education...
March 24, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559504/increasing-pcp-and-hospital-medicine-physician-verbal-communication-during-hospital-admissions
#20
Matthew W Zackoff, Camille Graham, Denise Warrick, Kathleen Pulda, Craig Gosdin, Blair Simpson, Jessica Marischen, Paul Bunch, Michael Vossmeyer, Grant M Mussman
OBJECTIVES: During hospital admission, communication between primary care physicians (PCPs) and hospital medicine (HM) physicians provides an opportunity for collaboration. Two-way communication facilitates collaboration by allowing the receiver to ask and respond to questions. At our institution, most HM-to-PCP communication occurred by telephone call after discharge. Our specific aim was to increase the percentage of patients for whom a telephone conversation occurred between HM and PCPs during hospital admission from 40% to >80%...
April 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
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