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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928342/reforming-pathology-teaching-in-medical-college-by-peer-assisted-learning-and-student-oriented-interest-building-activities-a-pilot-study
#1
Sumit Grover, Neena Sood, Anurag Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) is a teaching-learning method in which students act as peer teachers and help other students to learn while also themselves learning by teaching. PAL through modified interest building activities (MIBAs) is seldom tried in teaching pathology in medical colleges. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of peer teaching using MIBA, obtain feedback from students, and compare different activities with each other and with traditional teaching-learning methods...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#2
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922126/functional-contour-following-via-haptic-perception-and-reinforcement-learning
#3
Randall B Hellman, Cem Tekin, Mihaela van der Schaar, Veronica J Santos
Many tasks involve the fine manipulation of objects despite limited visual feedback. In such scenarios, tactile and proprioceptive feedback can be leveraged for task completion. We present an approach for real-time haptic perception and decision-making for a haptics-driven, functional contour-following task: the closure of a ziplock bag. This task is challenging for robots because the bag is deformable, transparent, and visually occluded by artificial fingertip sensors that are also compliant. A deep neural net classifier was trained to estimate the state of a zipper within a robot's pinch grasp...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888070/using-virtual-reality-simulation-environments-to-assess-competence-for-emergency-medicine-learners
#4
Jillian L McGrath, Jeffrey M Taekman, Parvati Dev, Douglas R Danforth, Deepika Mohan, Nicholas Kman, Amanda Crichlow, William F Bond
Immersive learning environments that use virtual simulation technology are increasingly relevant as medical learners train in an environment of restricted clinical training hours and a heightened focus on patient safety. We conducted a consensus process with a breakout group of the 2017 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference "Catalyzing System Change Through Health Care Simulation: Systems, Competency, and Outcomes." This group examined the current uses of virtual simulation in training and assessment, including limitations and challenges in implementing virtual simulation into medical education curricula...
September 9, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869881/the-learner-as-co-creator-a-new-peer-review-and-self-assessment-feedback-form-created-by-student-nurses
#5
Lorraine E Duers
BACKGROUND: Engagement with peer review and self-assessment is not always regarded by student nurses as an activity that results in a positive learning experience. Literature indicates that withdrawal from the learning process becomes attractive to individuals affected by a negative experience of peer review. Literature also provides examples of student nurses' feeling 'torn to shreds' during the process of peer review, resulting in loss of confidence and self-esteem. An influencing factor in such situations appears to be the absence of specific learner-driven criteria against which student nurses can assess peer and self-performance...
September 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866545/visual-diagnosis-of-tree-boosting-methods
#6
Shixia Liu, Jiannan Xiao, Junlin Liu, Xiting Wang, Jing Wu, Jun Zhu
Tree boosting, which combines weak learners (typically decision trees) to generate a strong learner, is a highly effective and widely used machine learning method. However, the development of a high performance tree boosting model is a time-consuming process that requires numerous trial-and-error experiments. To tackle this issue, we have developed a visual diagnosis tool, BOOSTVis, to help experts quickly analyze and diagnose the training process of tree boosting. In particular, we have designed a temporal confusion matrix visualization, and combined it with a t-SNE projection and a tree visualization...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852991/is-feedback-to-medical-learners-associated-with-characteristics-of-improved-patient-care
#7
REVIEW
Victoria Hayes, Robert Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of medical learner feedback with patient management and outcomes. METHODS: The authors investigated 27 articles that utilized patient data or chart reviews as a subset of a prior feedback scoping review. Data extraction was completed by two authors and all authors reviewed the descriptive data analysis. RESULTS: The studies were predominantly short-term investigations conducted in the US at academic teaching hospitals (89%) with one medical discipline (78%), most commonly internal medicine (56%)...
August 29, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834846/can-we-increase-the-value-and-decrease-the-cost-of-clinical-skills-assessment
#8
William P Burdick, John R Boulet, Kim Edward LeBlanc
Although the authors do not agree with medical students' bid to end the United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 2 Clinical Skills or Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination Level 2-Performance Evaluation tests, they concur with Ecker and colleagues that conducting further research to support the validity argument, providing greater feedback on performance, and exploring options to reduce costs are important for addressing students' concerns. Evidence to support the validity of clinical skills exam scores and associated inferences already exists...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833360/understanding-the-impact-of-simulated-patients-on-health-care-learners-communication-skills-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jessica Kaplonyi, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Debra Nestel, Debra Kiegaldie, Stephen Maloney, Terry Haines, Cylie Williams
CONTEXT: Effective communication skills are at the core of good health care. Simulated patients (SPs) are increasingly engaged as an interactive means of teaching, applying and practising communication skills with immediate feedback. There is a large body of research into the use of manikin-based simulation but a gap exists in the body of research on the effectiveness of SP-based education to teach communication skills that impact patient outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to critically analyse the existing research, investigating whether SP-based communication skills training improves learner-patient communication, how communication skill improvement is measured, and who measures these improvements...
August 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830868/efficient-and-effective-precepting-of-pharmacy-students-in-acute-and-ambulatory-care-rotations-a-delphi-expert-panel-study
#10
Robert Ignoffo, Lucinda Chan, Katherine Knapp, Emily Chan, Eric Ip, Jason Bandy, Kathleen Besinque, James Colbert, Jeremiah J Duby, Joseph S Galanto, Mark Gloudeman, Patty Havard, Grant Lackey, Eric Lozano, James Scott, Tania L Stewart
PURPOSE: Using the Delphi process, a panel of experienced preceptors achieved consensus on best practices to increase preceptor efficiency and effectiveness. METHODS: The Delphi panelists completed 3 survey rounds and a face-to-face meeting. Survey questions covered several topics, including preparation of students for rotations, preceptor efficiency and effectiveness, potential resident contributions to precepting, methods of developing critical-thinking skills and providing assessment and feedback, precepting time metrics, and barriers to preceptor effectiveness...
August 22, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830288/challenges-of-feedback-provision-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study-of-emergency-medicine-residents-and-teachers
#11
Chung-Hsien Chaou, Lynn V Monrouxe, Li-Chun Chang, Shiuan-Ruey Yu, Chip-Jin Ng, Ching-Hsing Lee, Yu-Che Chang
BACKGROUND: Feedback is an effective pedagogical tool in clinical teaching and learning, but is often perceived as unsatisfactory. Little is known about the effect of a busy clinical environment on feedback-giving and -seeking behaviors. This study aims to determine the perceptions and challenges of feedback provision in a busy clinical setting, exemplified by an emergency department (ED). METHODS: A qualitative semi-structured interview study design was employed...
August 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812957/examining-gender-bias-in-the-feedback-shared-with-family-medicine-residents
#12
Chantal Loeppky, Oksana Babenko, Shelley Ross
OBJECTIVES: Competency-based education places increasing emphasis on formative feedback to learners as part of the assessment process. We wished to determine if gender bias was present in the feedback shared with post-graduate medical trainees (residents) in a two-year family medicine residency program at a Canadian university. METHODS: We performed secondary data analyses of documented feedback (FieldNotes) extracted from the Competency-Based Achievement System database...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777726/nonconvex-policy-search-using-variational-inequalities
#13
Yusen Zhan, Haitham Bou Ammar, Matthew E Taylor
Policy search is a class of reinforcement learning algorithms for finding optimal policies in control problems with limited feedback. These methods have been shown to be successful in high-dimensional problems such as robotics control. Though successful, current methods can lead to unsafe policy parameters that potentially could damage hardware units. Motivated by such constraints, we propose projection-based methods for safe policies. These methods, however, can handle only convex policy constraints. In this letter, we propose the first safe policy search reinforcement learner capable of operating under nonconvex policy constraints...
October 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777114/use-of-a-virtual-learning-platform-for-distance-based-simulation-in-an-acute-care-nurse-practitioner-curriculum
#14
Margaret Carman, Shu Xu, Sharron Rushton, Benjamin A Smallheer, Denise Williams, Sathya Amarasekara, Marilyn H Oermann
BACKGROUND: Acute care nurse practitioner (ACNP) programs that use high-fidelity simulation as a teaching tool need to consider innovative strategies to provide distance-based students with learning experiences that are comparable to those in a simulation laboratory. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the use of virtual simulations in a distance-based ACNP program and student performance in the simulations. METHOD: Virtual simulations using iSimulate were integrated into the ACNP course to promote the translation of content into a clinical context and enable students to develop their knowledge and decision-making skills...
September 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770891/feedback-in-a-clinical-setting-a-way-forward-to-enhance-student-s-learning-through-constructive-feedback
#15
Amber Shamim Sultan, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan
Feedback is considered as a dynamic process in which information about the observed performance is used to promote the desirable behaviour and correct the negative ones. The importance of feedback is widely acknowledged, but still there seems to be inconsistency in the amount, type and timing of feedback received from the clinical faculty. No significant effort has been put forward from the educator end to empower the learners with the skills of receiving and using the feedback effectively. Some institutions conduct faculty development workshops and courses to facilitate the clinicians on how best to deliver constructive feedback to the learners...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748311/advantages-of-melodic-over-rhythmic-movement-sonification-in-bimanual-motor-skill-learning
#16
J F Dyer, P Stapleton, M W M Rodger
An important question for skill acquisition is whether and how augmented feedback can be designed to improve the learning of complex skills. Auditory information triggered by learners' actions, movement sonification, can enhance learning of a complex bimanual coordination skill, specifically polyrhythmic bimanual shape tracing. However, it is not clear whether the coordination of polyrhythmic sequenced movements is enhanced by auditory-specified timing information alone or whether more complex sound mappings, such as melodic sonification, are necessary...
July 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748196/developing-interactive-antimicrobial-stewardship-and-infection-prevention-curricula-for-diverse-learners-a-tailored-approach
#17
Priya Nori, Theresa Madaline, Iona Munjal, Shubha Bhar, Yi Guo, Susan K Seo, Andrea Porrovecchio, Elizabeth Gancher, Joshua Nosanchuk, Liise-Anne Pirofski, Belinda Ostrowsky
BACKGROUND: To impart principles of antimicrobial stewardship (AS) and infection prevention and control (IPC), we developed a curriculum tailored to the diverse aptitudes of learners at our medical center. METHODS: We integrated case-based modules, group learning activities, smartphone applications (apps), decision support tools, and prescription audit and feedback into curricula of the medical school, medicine residency program, infectious diseases (ID) fellowship program, and hospital medicine program operations...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735271/a-collaborative-approach-to-facilitate-professionals-to-support-the-breathless-patient
#18
Vanessa Shaw, Alison Davies, Bie Nio Ong
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness is a major problem for people in their last weeks of life. Breathlessness is considered to be multidimensional with physical, psychological, emotional, social and spiritual factors all playing a part. It has been recognised that specific training to health professionals is beneficial in order to improve the care for patients with breathlessness.Breathlessness courses have tended to focus on senior nurses. A new flexible and collaborative training course was designed to include a wider range of nurses and other health professionals in hospital, hospice, primary care and community settings...
July 22, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712688/the-role-of-the-operating-room-in-medical-student-education-differing-perspectives-of-learners-and-educators
#19
Rebecca O'Neill, Michael Shapiro, Aziz Merchant
OBJECTIVE: The surgical clerkship is an integral part of third-year medical student education. The operating room (OR) is a heavily used setting, but it is unclear whether this setting is as effective as possible. To determine the role of the OR and potential improvements, it is necessary to analyze the perspectives of those involved, including surgeons, residents, and medical students. DESIGN: An electronic survey was distributed to the surgeons, surgical residents, and third-year medical students associated with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707634/mobile-learning-app-a-novel-method-to-teach-clinical-decision-making-in-prosthodontics
#20
Saee Deshpande, Jaishree Chahande, Akhil Rathi
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontics involves replacing lost dentofacial structures using artificial substitutes. Due to availability of many materials and techniques, clinician's clinical decision-making regarding appropriate selection of prosthesis requires critical thinking abilities and is demanding. Especially during graduate training years, learners do not receive the exposure to a variety of cases, thus their clinical reasoning skills are not developed optimally. Therefore, using the trend of incorporating technology in education, we developed a mobile learning app for this purpose...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
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