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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712688/the-role-of-the-operating-room-in-medical-student-education-differing-perspectives-of-learners-and-educators
#1
Rebecca O'Neill, Michael Shapiro, Aziz Merchant
OBJECTIVE: The surgical clerkship is an integral part of third-year medical student education. The operating room (OR) is a heavily used setting, but it is unclear whether this setting is as effective as possible. To determine the role of the OR and potential improvements, it is necessary to analyze the perspectives of those involved, including surgeons, residents, and medical students. DESIGN: An electronic survey was distributed to the surgeons, surgical residents, and third-year medical students associated with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707634/mobile-learning-app-a-novel-method-to-teach-clinical-decision-making-in-prosthodontics
#2
Saee Deshpande, Jaishree Chahande, Akhil Rathi
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontics involves replacing lost dentofacial structures using artificial substitutes. Due to availability of many materials and techniques, clinician's clinical decision-making regarding appropriate selection of prosthesis requires critical thinking abilities and is demanding. Especially during graduate training years, learners do not receive the exposure to a variety of cases, thus their clinical reasoning skills are not developed optimally. Therefore, using the trend of incorporating technology in education, we developed a mobile learning app for this purpose...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700460/a-novel-pediatric-residency-coaching-program-outcomes-after-one-year
#3
Caroline E Rassbach, Rebecca Blankenburg
PROBLEM: The ACGME requires all residency programs to assess residents on specialty-specific milestones. Optimal assessment of competence is through direct observation of performance in clinical settings, which is challenging to implement. APPROACH: The authors developed the Stanford Pediatric Residency Coaching Program to improve residents' clinical skill development, reflective practice, feedback, and goal setting, and to improve learner assessment. All residents are assigned a dedicated faculty coach who coaches them throughout their training in various settings in an iterative process...
July 11, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696853/rsna-diagnosis-live-a-novel-web-based-audience-response-tool-to-promote-evidence-based-learning
#4
Omer A Awan, Faiq Shaikh, Brian Kalbfleisch, Eliot L Siegel, Paul Chang
Audience response systems have become more commonplace in radiology residency programs in the last 10 years, as a means to engage learners and promote improved learning and retention. A variety of systems are currently in use. RSNA Diagnosis Live™ provides unique features that are innovative, particularly for radiology resident education. One specific example is the ability to annotate questions with subspecialty tags, which allows resident performance to be tracked over time. In addition, deficiencies in learning can be monitored for each trainee and analytics can be provided, allowing documentation of resident performance improvement...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669460/boot-camps-preparing-for-residency
#5
REVIEW
David H Yeh, Kevin Fung, Sonya Malekzadeh
Simulation-based boot camps are growing in popularity and are effective in onboarding novice residents with new knowledge, skills, and behaviors. These intensive and immersive courses may be used to train residents and allied health professionals in specific procedures, teamwork, and management of rare clinical scenarios. A needs assessment of learners determines the course curriculum. Boot camps are designed to encourage active and hands-on participation with deliberate practice and immediate feedback. As surgical education shifts toward competency-based medical education, there may be an even greater role for simulation-based boot camps as a training and assessment tool...
June 29, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655049/video-game-rehabilitation-of-velopharyngeal-dysfunction-a-case-series
#6
Gabriel J Cler, Talia Mittelman, Maia N Braden, Geralyn Harvey Woodnorth, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: Video games provide a promising platform for rehabilitation of speech disorders. Although video games have been used to train speech perception in foreign language learners and have been proposed for aural rehabilitation, their use in speech therapy has been limited thus far. We present feasibility results from at-home use in a case series of children with velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) using an interactive video game that provided real-time biofeedback to facilitate appropriate nasalization...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652951/current-practices-in-assessing-professionalism-in-united-states-and-canadian-allopathic-medical-students-and-residents
#7
REVIEW
Nandini Nittur, Jonathan Kibble
Professionalism is a critically important competency that must be evaluated in medical trainees but is a complex construct that is hard to assess. A systematic review was undertaken to give insight into the current best practices for assessment of professionalism in medical trainees and to identify new research priorities in the field. A search was conducted on PubMed for behavioral assessments of medical students and residents among the United States and Canadian allopathic schools in the last 15 years. An initial search yielded 594 results, 28 of which met our inclusion criteria...
May 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649448/junior-faculty-core-curriculum-to-enhance-faculty-development
#8
Ronnie Guillet, Robert G Holloway, Robert A Gross, Katie Libby, Janine R Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Senior Instructors and Assistant Professors in their first academic appointment may not have all the tools for an efficient start to their careers. Although many institutions provide access to mentoring programs and seminars on faculty development, the timing and format of the offerings often conflict with ongoing responsibilities of the faculty, particularly clinical faculty. METHODS: We established a collaboration between the Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) and the University of Rochester Medical Center Office for Faculty Development with the goal of developing a week-long Junior Faculty Core Curriculum that would better suit faculty schedules...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639981/increasing-nursing-students-knowledge-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-using-a-standardized-patient
#9
Constance E McIntosh, Cynthia M Thomas, Susan Wilczynski, David E McIntosh
Nursing students participated in a simulation using a standardized patient role-playing an adolescent with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The researchers used student feedback to develop and improve a simulation aimed at increasing learner skills and knowledge for treating ASD patients. Students indicated that the standardized patient provided realism not obtained when using static manikins or high-fidelity simulators. Students strongly agreed or agreed that classroom instruction prior to the simulation was important to increasing their knowledge of ASD...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629300/dynamic-interplay-of-pharmacy-learners-during-a-solid-organ-transplantation-learning-experience
#10
Jonathan H Sin, Hanlin Li, Nicholas Jandovitz, Madeline King, Demetra S Tsapepas
Institutions with established clinical pharmacy services have the ability to offer focused patient care learning experiences, often led by a clinical specialist, for pharmacy residents and pharmacy students. Since all parties are continually involved in professional development and lifelong learning, the aforementioned groups can all be considered "pharmacy learners." By utilizing the dynamic interplay and collaboration between pharmacy learners through direct and nondirect patient care activities, experiential and educational opportunities may be improved and enhanced for each learner...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613236/a-framework-for-learning-analytics-using-commodity-wearable-devices
#11
Yu Lu, Sen Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Wendong Xiao, Shengquan Yu
We advocate for and introduce LEARNSense, a framework for learning analytics using commodity wearable devices to capture learner's physical actions and accordingly infer learner context (e.g., student activities and engagement status in class). Our work is motivated by the observations that: (a) the fine-grained individual-specific learner actions are crucial to understand learners and their context information; (b) sensor data available on the latest wearable devices (e.g., wrist-worn and eye wear devices) can effectively recognize learner actions and help to infer learner context information; (c) the commodity wearable devices that are widely available on the market can provide a hassle-free and non-intrusive solution...
June 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612480/adolescent-narrative-comments-in-assessing-medical-students
#12
April Tan, Alexandra Hudson, Kim Blake
BACKGROUND: Adolescent medical interviewing is a difficult topic to teach and assess. Programmatic assessment has been gaining interest in medical teaching, and shifts the mode of assessment from the traditional assessment of learning (e.g. written exams) to the assessment for learning (e.g. feedback). The Structured Communication Adolescent Guide (SCAG) is a programmatic assessment tool that allows an adolescent patient to provide three types of feedback (written, numeric, grade) to a medical student in an authentic clinical workplace...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598741/toward-a-research-agenda-for-competency-based-medical-education
#13
Larry Gruppen, Jason R Frank, Jocelyn Lockyer, Shelley Ross, M Dylan Bould, Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Brian D Hodges, Linda Snell, Olle Ten Cate
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is both an educational philosophy and an approach to educational design. CBME has already had a broad impact on medical schools, residency programs, and continuing professional development in health professions around the world. As the CBME movement evolves and CBME programs are implemented, a wide range of emerging research questions will warrant scholarly examination. In this paper, we describe a proposed CBME research agenda developed by the International CBME Collaborators...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598736/evolving-concepts-of-assessment-in-a-competency-based-world
#14
Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Maureen Topps, Shelley Ross, Steven Lieberman, Jason R Frank, Linda Snell, Jonathan Sherbino
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is an approach to the design of educational systems or curricula that focuses on graduate abilities or competencies. It has been adopted in many jurisdictions, and in recent years an explosion of publications has examined its implementation and provided a critique of the approach. Assessment in a CBME context is often based on observations or judgments about an individual's level of expertise; it emphasizes frequent, direct observation of performance along with constructive and timely feedback to ensure that learners, including clinicians, have the expertise they need to perform entrusted tasks...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595053/the-brain-as-an-efficient-and-robust-adaptive-learner
#15
REVIEW
Sophie Denève, Alireza Alemi, Ralph Bourdoukan
Understanding how the brain learns to compute functions reliably, efficiently, and robustly with noisy spiking activity is a fundamental challenge in neuroscience. Most sensory and motor tasks can be described as dynamical systems and could presumably be learned by adjusting connection weights in a recurrent biological neural network. However, this is greatly complicated by the credit assignment problem for learning in recurrent networks, e.g., the contribution of each connection to the global output error cannot be determined based only on locally accessible quantities to the synapse...
June 7, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579369/getting-a-manual-wheelchair-over-a-threshold-using-the-momentum-method-a-descriptive-study-of-common-errors
#16
Zainab Al Lawati, R Lee Kirby, Cher Smith, Diane MacKenzie, Chris Theriault, Kara Matheson
OBJECTIVES: To document the success of learners' attempts to overcome a threshold in a manual wheelchair while using the momentum method, to describe the frequency and nature of any errors observed and to compare the characteristics of participants who were or were not successful on their first attempts. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study following STROBE guidelines. PARTICIPANTS: 214 able-bodied students learning the threshold skill...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570928/cross-situational-word-learning-in-aphasia
#17
Claudia Peñaloza, Daniel Mirman, Pedro Cardona, Montserrat Juncadella, Nadine Martin, Matti Laine, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells
Human learners can resolve referential ambiguity and discover the relationships between words and meanings through a cross-situational learning (CSL) strategy. Some people with aphasia (PWA) can learn word-referent pairings under referential uncertainty supported by online feedback. However, it remains unknown whether PWA can learn new words cross-situationally and if such learning ability is supported by statistical learning (SL) mechanisms. The present study examined whether PWA can learn novel word-referent mappings in a CSL task without feedback...
May 4, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558625/the-effects-of-writing-anxiety-and-motivation-on-efl-college-students-self-evaluative-judgments-of-corrective-feedback
#18
Jui-Jung Tsao, Wen-Ta Tseng, Chaochang Wang
Feedback is regarded as a way to foster students' motivation and to ensure linguistic accuracy. However, mixed findings are reported in the research on written corrective feedback because of its multifaceted nature and its correlations with learners' individual differences. It is necessary, therefore, to conduct further research on corrective feedback from the student's perspective and to examine how individual differences in terms of factors such as writing anxiety and motivation predict learners' self-evaluative judgments of both teacher-corrected and peer-corrected feedback...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549405/twelve-tips-for-the-implementation-of-epas-for-assessment-and-entrustment-decisions
#19
Harm Peters, Ylva Holzhausen, Christy Boscardin, Olle Ten Cate, H Carrie Chen
The concept of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) reframes the approach to assessment in competency-based medical education. Key to this concept is the linking of assessment to decision making about entrusting learners with clinical responsibilities. Based on recent literature and the authors' experiences with implementing EPAs, this article provides practical recommendations for how to implement EPAs for assessment and entrustment decisions in the workplace. Tips for supervising clinicians include talking to learners about trust, using EPA descriptions to guide learning and teaching, providing learners with greater ad hoc responsibilities, using EPAs to identify/create opportunities for assessment and feedback, including case-based discussions and acknowledging gut feelings about learner readiness for more autonomy...
May 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541513/improving-health-literacy-through-adult-basic-education-in-australia
#20
Suzanne Morony, Emma Lamph, Danielle Muscat, Don Nutbeam, Haryana M Dhillon, Heather Shepherd, Sian Smith, Aisha Khan, Julie Osborne, Wedyan Meshreky, Karen Luxford, Andrew Hayen, Kirsten J McCaffery
Adults with low literacy are less empowered to take care of their health, have poorer health outcomes and higher healthcare costs. We facilitated partnerships between adult literacy teachers and community health providers to deliver a health literacy training program in adult basic education classrooms. Following course completion we interviewed 19 adult education teachers (15 delivering the health literacy program; 4 delivering standard literacy classes) and four community health providers (CHPs) about their experiences, and analysed transcripts using Framework analysis...
May 25, 2017: Health Promotion International
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