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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128736/optimal-practice-conditions-enhance-the-benefits-of-gradually-increasing-error-opportunities-on-retention-of-a-stepping-sequence-task
#1
Danielle Levac, Kate Driscoll, Jessica Galvez, Kathleen Mercado, Lindsey O'Neil
INTRODUCTION: Physical therapists should implement practice conditions that promote motor skill learning after neurological injury. Errorful and errorless practice conditions are effective for different populations and tasks. Errorful learning provides opportunities for learners to make task-relevant choices. Enhancing learner autonomy through choice opportunities is a key component of the Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning (OPTIMAL) theory of motor learning...
November 9, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122190/the-effect-of-metacognitive-monitoring-feedback-on-performance-in-a-computer-based-training-simulation
#2
Jung Hyup Kim
This laboratory experiment was designed to study the effect of metacognitive monitoring feedback on performance in a computer-based training simulation. According to prior research on metacognition, the accurate checking of learning is a critical part of improving the quality of human performance. However, only rarely have researchers studied the learning effects of the accurate checking of retrospective confidence judgments (RCJs) during a computer-based military training simulation. In this study, we provided participants feedback screens after they had completed a warning task and identification task in a radar monitoring simulation...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117748/ward-round-simulation-in-final-year-medical-students-does-it-promote-students-learning
#3
Claudia Behrens, Diana H J M Dolmans, Jimmie Leppink, Gerard J Gormley, Erik W Driessen
INTRODUCTION: Ward round skills are essential for doctors in hospital settings. Literature shows medical students' deficiencies in these skills. Simulation has been used to train these skills. However, exposing learners to simulation at an early stage may be associated with a high cognitive load and limited learning. This study aims to determine how students experience this load and its interplay with performance and which factors promote and impair learning. METHODS: Fifty-six final year medical students participated in a simulated ward round training exercise...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117744/twelve-tips-to-promote-successful-development-of-a-learner-performance-dashboard-within-a-medical-education-program
#4
Christy Boscardin, Kirkpatrick B Fergus, Bonnie Hellevig, Karen E Hauer
Easily accessible and interpretable performance data constitute critical feedback for learners that facilitate informed self-assessment and learning planning. To provide this feedback, there has been a proliferation of educational dashboards in recent years. An educational (learner) dashboard systematically delivers timely and continuous feedback on performance and can provide easily visualized and interpreted performance data. In this paper, we provide practical tips for developing a functional, user-friendly individual learner performance dashboard and literature review of dashboard development, assessment theory, and users' perspectives...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117091/the-application-of-observational-practice-and-educational-networking-in-simulation-based-and-distributed-medical-education-contexts
#5
Arthur Welsher, David Rojas, Zain Khan, Laura VanderBeek, Bill Kapralos, Lawrence E M Grierson
INTRODUCTION: Research has revealed that individuals can improve technical skill performance by viewing demonstrations modeled by either expert or novice performers. These findings support the development of video-based observational practice communities that augment simulation-based skill education and connect geographically distributed learners. This study explores the experimental replicability of the observational learning effect when demonstrations are sampled from a community of distributed learners and serves as a context for understanding learner experiences within this type of training protocol...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116983/-rising-to-the-level-of-your-incompetence-exploring-what-physicians-self-assessment-of-their-performance-reveals-about-the-impact-of-the-imposter-syndrome-in-medicine
#6
Kori A LaDonna, Shiphra Ginsburg, Christopher Watling
PURPOSE: Mistakes are ubiquitous in medicine; when confronted by error, physicians may experience anxiety, guilt, and self-doubt. Feedback may be useful for navigating these feelings, but only if it matches a physician's self-assessment; self-doubt and the imposter syndrome are examples of inaccurate self-assessments that may affect receptivity to feedback. The impact of real or imagined underperformance on seemingly competent physicians is poorly understood. This study aimed to develop a deeper understanding in order to identify strategies to support all physicians who struggle...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116979/translating-theory-into-practice-implementing-a-program-of-assessment
#7
Karen E Hauer, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Kristen Fitzhenry, Christy Boscardin
PROBLEM: A program of assessment addresses challenges in learner assessment using a centrally planned, coordinated approach that emphasizes assessment for learning. This report describes the steps taken to implement a program of assessment framework within a medical school. APPROACH: A literature review on best practices in assessment highlighted six principles that guided implementation of the program of assessment in 2016-2017: (1) a centrally coordinated plan for assessment aligns with and supports a curricular vision; (2) multiple assessment tools used longitudinally generate multiple data points; (3) learners require ready access to information-rich feedback to promote reflection and informed self-assessment; (4) mentoring is essential to facilitate effective data use for reflection and learning planning; (5) the program of assessment fosters self-regulated learning behaviors; and (6) expert groups make summative decisions about grades and readiness for advancement...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113565/using-learning-analytics-to-evaluate-a-video-based-lecture-series
#8
K H Vincent Lau, Pue Farooque, Gary Leydon, Michael L Schwartz, R Mark Sadler, Jeremy J Moeller
BACKGROUND: The video-based lecture (VBL), an important component of the flipped classroom (FC) and massive open online course (MOOC) approaches to medical education, has primarily been evaluated through direct learner feedback. Evaluation may be enhanced through learner analytics (LA) - analysis of quantitative audience usage data generated by video-sharing platforms. METHODS AND RESULTS: We applied LA to an experimental series of ten VBLs on electroencephalography (EEG) interpretation, uploaded to YouTube in the model of a publicly accessible MOOC...
November 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112798/perceptions-of-first-year-medical-students-towards-learning-anatomy-using-cadaveric-specimens-through-peer-teaching
#9
Andee Agius, Neville Calleja, Christian Camenzuli, Roberta Sultana, Richard Pullicino, Christian Zammit, Jean Calleja Agius, Cristoforo Pomara
During the last decade, global interest in the multiple benefits of formal peer teaching has increased. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of first-year medical students towards the use of peer teaching to learn anatomy using cadaveric specimens. A descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective survey was carried out. Data were collected using an online questionnaire which was administered to all medical students who were in their second year of their medical school curriculum and who had participated in sessions taught by their peers during their first year...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107965/digital-case-based-learning-system-in-school
#10
Peipei Gu, Jiayang Guo
With the continuing growth of multi-media learning resources, it is important to offer methods helping learners to explore and acquire relevant learning information effectively. As services that organize multi-media learning materials together to support programming learning, the digital case-based learning system is needed. In order to create a case-oriented e-learning system, this paper concentrates on the digital case study of multi-media resources and learning processes with an integrated framework. An integration of multi-media resources, testing and learning strategies recommendation as the learning unit is proposed in the digital case-based learning framework...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100919/identifying-nontechnical-skill-deficits-in-trainees-through-interdisciplinary-trauma-simulation
#11
Sarah Sullivan, Krystle Campbell, Joshua C Ross, Ryan Thompson, Alyson Underwood, Anne LeGare, Ingie Osman, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate nontechnical skills in a simulated trauma setting both before and after a debriefing session in order to better understand areas to target for the development of educational interventions. DESIGN: Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare scores on the 5 domains of the T-NOTECHS pre- and postdebriefings. A qualitative analysis using the PEARLS debriefing framework was performed to provide a rich description of the strategies used by the debriefing facilitators...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099321/clinical-reasoning-by-veterinary-students-in-the-first-opinion-setting-is-it-encouraged-is-it-practiced
#12
Karen R Humm, Stephen A May
A mixed-methods study was performed to investigate the perceived importance and efficacy of teaching clinical reasoning (CR) skills among students and faculty in a university first-opinion veterinary practice, as this has not previously been described. Qualitative analysis of interview data, discussing objectives and factors considered important for effective learning and the understanding of CR, was performed alongside quantitative analysis of the Preceptor Thinking-Promotion Scale (PTPS) and the Learner Thinking-Behavior Scale (LTBS) (assessing the level of CR encouraged by clinicians and displayed by students) in peri-consultation discussions...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097355/a-clinical-reasoning-tool-for-virtual-patients-design-based-research-study
#13
Inga Hege, Andrzej A Kononowicz, Martin Adler
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental process medical students have to learn during and after medical school. Virtual patients (VP) are a technology-enhanced learning method to teach clinical reasoning. However, VP systems do not exploit their full potential concerning the clinical reasoning process; for example, most systems focus on the outcome and less on the process of clinical reasoning. OBJECTIVES: Keeping our concept grounded in a former qualitative study, we aimed to design and implement a tool to enhance VPs with activities and feedback, which specifically foster the acquisition of clinical reasoning skills...
November 2, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091241/teaching-strategies-to-increase-nursing-student-acceptance-and-management-of-unconscious-bias
#14
Paula L Schultz, Janet Baker
BACKGROUND: Medical providers' unconscious biases may contribute to health disparities. Awareness and self-reflection strategies commonly used to teach cultural competence in academic settings are generally ineffective in reducing unconscious bias or motivating change. METHOD: This article describes the innovative teaching strategies implemented in a graduate setting (N = 75) to increase nursing learners' acceptance and management of unconscious bias. Strategies used guided the debriefing and feedback that incorporated implicit association testing, interactive audience polling, categorized management strategies, and perspective taking...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076967/the-call-and-the-challenge-of-pediatric-resuscitation-and-simulation-research-in-low-resource-settings
#15
Amy R L Rule, Meredith Tabangin, David Cheruiyot, Priscilla Mueri, Beena D Kamath-Rayne
The greatest burden of younger than 5 years mortality is in low- and middle-income nations where education resources are often few. The World Health Organization recommends scale-up of simulation in these settings, but it has been poorly studied. Although there has been an increase of contextualized resuscitation simulation programs designed for these settings, sustaining clinical outcomes and provider skill retention have remained research gaps. Our team designed a study to evaluate skill retention after an initial Helping Babies Breathe training at a rural Kenya referral hospital between randomized learner groups receiving supervised mock codes with debriefing versus just-in-time training with a peer...
October 25, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074643/the-involvement-of-adolescents-with-chronic-health-conditions-in-medical-education-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#16
Katherine A Moreau, Kaylee Eady
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we explored the involvement of adolescents with chronic health conditions in medical education. We focused specifically on adolescents' desired level of involvement in the education of medical students and residents, strategies for involving them in it, and topics on which they would feel comfortable educating these learners. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory research approach and qualitative one-on-one semistructured interviews...
October 26, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069914/supporting-metacognitive-monitoring-in-mathematics-learning-for-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-classroom-based-study
#17
Katie Maras, Tim Gamble, Mark Brosnan
Previous research suggests impaired metacognitive monitoring and mathematics under-achievement in autism spectrum disorder. Within educational settings, metacognitive monitoring is supported through the provision of feedback (e.g. with goal reminders and by explicitly correcting errors). Given the strength of the relationship between metacognition, learning and educational attainment, this research tested new computer-based metacognitive support (the 'Maths Challenge') for mathematics learners with autism spectrum disorder within the context of their classroom...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068817/broadening-the-scope-of-feedback-to-promote-its-relevance-to-workplace-learning
#18
Renée M van der Leeuw, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten
The common goal in medical education is to support the health care workforce, both present and future, in becoming and remaining competent professionals. Both during and after medical training, learning takes place in the clinical workplace. Yet, how feedback is defined in medical education and how it is practiced in clinical training situations, combined with a research focus on "what works," limits its potential for learning. This article explores the theoretical background of learning in interaction and current trends in medical education to broaden the scope of feedback and promote its relevance to workplace learning...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065274/high-quality-feedback-regarding-professionalism-and-communication-skills-in-otolaryngology-resident-education
#19
Erynne A Faucett, Hilary C McCrary, Jonnae Y Barry, Ahlam A Saleh, Audrey B Erman, Stacey L Ishman
Objective The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires competency-based education for residents and recommends 5 basic features of high-quality feedback. Our aim was to examine the incorporation of feedback in articles regarding professionalism and interpersonal/communication skills for otolaryngology residency training curriculum. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, and ClinicalTrials.gov . Methods We used studies identified during a systematic review of all indexed years through October 4, 2016...
October 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065018/validity-evidence-and-scoring-guidelines-for-standardized-patient-encounters-and-patient-notes-from-a-multisite-study-of-clinical-performance-examinations-in-seven-medical-schools
#20
Yoon Soo Park, Abbas Hyderi, Nancy Heine, Win May, Andrew Nevins, Ming Lee, Georges Bordage, Rachel Yudkowsky
PURPOSE: To examine validity evidence of local graduation competency examination scores from seven medical schools using shared cases and to provide rater training protocols and guidelines for scoring patient notes (PNs). METHOD: Between May and August 2016, clinical cases were developed, shared, and administered across seven medical schools (990 students participated). Raters were calibrated using training protocols, and guidelines were developed collaboratively across sites to standardize scoring...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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