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Mass gathering health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318434/perceived-barriers-to-following-dietary-recommendations-in-hypertensive-patients
#1
Reza Mahdavi, Azadeh Bagheri Asl, Mohammad Asghari Jafar Abadi, Nazli Namazi
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most important public health problems in the world. Lifestyle modification including dietary changes such as following the Dietary to Stop Hypertension (DASH) plan is the first step to control HTN. The aim of the present study was to identify perceived barriers to following dietary recommendations in hypertensive patients in Zanjan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 200 outpatients (161 women, 39 men) with essential HTN (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥ 90 mmHg) were recruited from August to November 2012...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274288/improving-data-quality-in-mass-gatherings-health-research
#2
Andrew Guy, Ross Prager, Sheila Turris, Adam Lund
Mass gatherings attract large crowds and can strain the planning and health resources of the community, city, or nation hosting an event. Mass-Gatherings Health (MGH) is an evolving niche of prehospital care rooted in emergency medicine, emergency management, public health, and disaster medicine. To explore front-line issues related to data quality in the context of mass gatherings, the authors draw on five years of management experience with an online, mass-gathering event and patient registry, as well as clinical and operational experience amassed over several decades...
March 9, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258513/higher-body-mass-index-in-16-19-year-old-jewish-adolescents-of-north-african-middle-eastern-and-european-origins-is-a-predictor-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-cohort-of-2-3%C3%A2-million-israelis
#3
Oded Shamriz, Merav Leiba, Hagai Levine, Estela Derazne, Lital Keinan-Boker, Jeremy D Kark
PURPOSE: Studies evaluating adolescent risk factors for developing acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are virtually nonexistent. We assessed adolescent predictors of AML in adults, with a main focus on adolescent BMI. METHODS: The study included 2,310,922 16-19-year-old Jewish Israeli adolescents (mean age 17.3 ± 0.4, 59.5% male), called up for an obligatory health examination. Sociodemographic and health data, including measured weight and height, were gathered...
March 3, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255568/association-between-lateral-posterior-tibial-slope-body-mass-index-and-acl-injury-risk
#4
Katherine M Bojicic, Mélanie L Beaulieu, Daniel Y Imaizumi Krieger, James A Ashton-Miller, Edward M Wojtys
BACKGROUND: While body mass index (BMI), a modifiable parameter, and knee morphology, a nonmodifiable parameter, have been identified as risk factors for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, the interaction between them remains unknown. An understanding of this interaction is important because greater compressive axial force (perhaps due to greater BMI) applied to a knee that is already at an increased risk because of its geometry, such as a steep lateral posterior tibial slope, could further increase the probability of ACL injury...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226273/acute-respiratory-infections-among-returning-hajj-pilgrims-jordan-2014
#5
Mohammad Mousa Al-Abdallat, Brian Rha, Sultan Alqasrawi, Daniel C Payne, Ibrahim Iblan, Alison M Binder, Aktham Haddadin, Mohannad Al Nsour, Tarek Alsanouri, Jawad Mofleh, Brett Whitaker, Stephen L Lindstrom, Suxiang Tong, Sami Sheikh Ali, Rebecca Moritz Dahl, LaShondra Berman, Jing Zhang, Dean D Erdman, Susan I Gerber
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has prompted enhanced surveillance for respiratory infections among pilgrims returning from the Hajj, one of the largest annual mass gatherings in the world. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology and etiologies of respiratory illnesses among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj. STUDY DESIGN: Surveillance for respiratory illness among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj was conducted at sentinel health care facilities using epidemiologic surveys and molecular diagnostic testing of upper respiratory specimens for multiple respiratory pathogens, including MERS-CoV...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202925/public-health-aspects-of-the-world-s-largest-mass-gathering-the-2013-kumbh-mela-in-allahabad-india
#6
Satchit Balsari, P Gregg Greenough, Dhruv Kazi, Aaron Heerboth, Shraddha Dwivedi, Jennifer Leaning
India's Kumbh Mela remains the world's largest and longest mass gathering. The 2013 event, where participants undertook a ritual bath, hosted over 70 million Hindu pilgrims during 55 days on a 1936 hectare flood plain at the confluence of the Yamuna and Ganga Rivers. On the holiest bathing days, the population surged. Unlike other religious, cultural, and sports mass gatherings, the Kumbh Mela's administration cannot estimate or limit the participant number. The event created serious and uncommon public health challenges: initiating crowd safety measures where population density and mobility directly contact flowing bodies of water; providing water, sanitation, and hygiene to a population that frequently defecates in the open; and establishing disease surveillance and resource use measures within a temporary health delivery system...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155302/health-assessment-of-taxi-drivers-in-the-city-of-tshwane
#7
Tendani S Ramukumba, Makwena S Mathikhi
BACKGROUND: Taxi driving seems to be a strenuous occupation. There was evidence-based paucity of literature on health assessment of taxi drivers. Meanwhile taxi drivers of South Africa were burdened by communicable and non-communicable diseases including high-level exposure to injuries and criminal attacks. Health assessment of this cohort group enables mitigation to engage in appropriation of relevant interventions related to the occupational needs of taxi drivers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to conduct health assessment of taxi drivers in the city of Tshwane to identify health risk factors...
November 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137329/retrospective-analysis-of-patient-presentations-at-the-sydney-australia-royal-easter-show-from-2012-to-2014
#8
Nathan Crabtree, Shirley Mo, Leon Ong, Thuvarahan Jegathees, Daniel Wei, David Fahey, Jia Jenny Liu
Introduction Comprehensive studies on the relationship between patient demographics and subsequent treatment and disposition at a single mass-gathering event are lacking. The Sydney Royal Easter Show (SRES; Sydney Olympic Park, New South Wales, Australia) is an annual, 14-day, agricultural mass-gathering event occurring around the Easter weekend, attracting more than 800,000 patrons per year. In this study, patient records from the SRES were analyzed to examine relationships between weather, crowd size, day of week, and demographics on treatment and disposition...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133854/waist-to-hip-ratio-is-a-better-predictor-of-esophageal-acid-exposure-than-body-mass-index
#9
C Ringhofer, J Lenglinger, M Riegler, I Kristo, A Kainz, S Schoppmann
BACKGROUND: Obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are major health problems showing an inconstant relationship in the literature. Therefore, anthropometric parameters which are predictive and can simply be assessed at first patient presentation may lead to a better patient selection for ambulatory reflux monitoring. We aimed to examine the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR) with gastroesophageal reflux activity during 24 hour-pH-impedance monitoring...
January 29, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128781/ergonomics-evaluation-of-school-bags-in-tehran-female-primary-school-children
#10
Somayeh Mohammadi, Hamidreza Mokhtarinia, Reza Nejatbakhsh, Andrew Scuffham
BACKGROUND: More than 90% of the elementary school students in the world and most of the Iranian students use backpacks. Heavy school bags, failure to apply ergonomics standards in student's backpacks, and also mismatch between anthropometrics dimensions and schoolbag size are important issues for children's health. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to gather baseline information on the average weight carried by female primary students. It also aimed to evaluate ergonomics standards for student backpacks...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#11
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039429/limited-potential-of-genetic-predisposition-scores-to-predict-muscle-mass-and-strength-performance-in-flemish-caucasians-between-19-73-years-of-age
#12
Ruben Charlier, Maarten Caspers, Sara Knaeps, Evelien Mertens, Diether Lambrechts, Johan Lefevre, Martine Thomis
Since both muscle mass and strength performance are polygenic in nature, the current study compared four Genetic Predisposition Scores (GPS) in their ability to predict these phenotypes. Data were gathered within the framework of the first generation Flemish Policy Research Centre 'Sport, Physical Activity and Health' (2002-2004). Results are based on muscle characteristics data of 565 Flemish Caucasians (19-73 yr, 365 men). Skeletal muscle mass (SMM) was determined using bioelectrical impedance. The Biodex dynamometer was used to measure isometric (PTstatic120°) and isokinetic strength (PTdynamic60° and PTdynamic240°), ballistic movement speed (S20%) and muscular endurance (Work) of the knee extensors...
December 30, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993166/the-effect-of-community-groups-and-mobile-phone-messages-on-the-prevention-and-control-of-diabetes-in-rural-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-three-arm-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Edward Fottrell, Hannah Jennings, Abdul Kuddus, Naveed Ahmed, Joanna Morrison, Kohenour Akter, Sanjit Kumar Shaha, Badrun Nahar, Tasmin Nahar, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus place a substantial burden on health care services, communities, families and individuals living with the disease or at risk of developing it. Estimates of the combined prevalence of intermediate hyperglycaemia and diabetes in Bangladesh vary, and can be as high as 30% of the adult population. Despite such high prevalence, awareness and control of diabetes and its risk factors are limited. Prevention and control of diabetes and its complications demand increased awareness and action of individuals and communities, with positive influences on behaviours and lifestyle choices...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992506/menstrual-cycle-irregularity-and-metabolic-disorders-a-population-based-prospective-study
#14
Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Shirin Djalalinia, Leila Cheraghi, Samira Behboudi Gandavani, Fereidoun Azizi
The regularity of menstrual cycles is considered an indicator of women's reproductive health. Previous studies with a cross-sectional design have documented the relationship between menstrual cycle irregularities, insulin-resistance and the future risks for metabolic disorders. Limited data documented by prospective studies can lead to premature conclusions regarding the relationship between menstrual cycle irregularities and other conditions influencing women's health. The present study therefore, using a prospective design aimed to assess the risk of metabolic disorders in women with a history of irregular menstrual cycles, was based on the data gathered from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose study (TLGS) an ongoing prospective cohort study initiated in 1999...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989544/use-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Halley Wasserman, Jennifer M O'Donnell, Catherine M Gordon
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is a vital tool for assessing bone health in patients at risk for fragility fractures. In pediatric patients, this technology is used in conjunction with clinical fracture history to diagnosis osteoporosis and monitor treatment response. Childhood and adolescence is characterized by linear growth and bone mass accrual; thus there are important differences in the interpretation of bone measurements obtained by DXA in these young patients. This review aims to explore the current indications for DXA use and interpretation of DXA in the pediatric age group using currently available reference databases...
December 15, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981400/strategies-and-challenges-in-recruiting-black-immigrant-mothers-for-a-community-based-study-on-child-nutritional-health-in-ottawa-canada
#16
Rosanne Blanchet, Dia Sanou, Constance P Nana, Elise Pauzé, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
There is a need to identify barriers to participation as well as recruitment strategies to engage minority parents of young children in health-oriented research. This paper offers insights on strategies and challenges in recruiting black immigrant mothers living in Ottawa (Canada) for a community-based health-oriented research project among 6-to-12-year-old children. We recruited 259 mother-child dyads. Most participants were recruited by team members during community events, fairs, religious gatherings, etc...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942192/consensus-recommendation-for-india-and-bangladesh-for-the-use-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-mass-gatherings-with-special-reference-to-hajj-pilgrims
#17
Dilip Mathai, Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman, Ahrar Ahmed Feroz, Amin R Virani, Ashfaq Hasan, K L Ravi Kumar, Khalid Ansari, Khandaker Atm Forhad Hossain, Mahesh Marda, M A Wahab Zubair, Mohammed Mukarram Ali, N Ashraf, Riyaz Basha, Shaeq Mirza, Shafeeq Ahmed, Shamim Akhtar, Syed Mustafa Ashraf, Zahirul Haque
Respiratory tract infections are prevalent among Hajj pilgrims with pneumonia being a leading cause of hospitalization. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common pathogen isolated from patients with pneumonia and respiratory tract infections during Hajj. There is a significant burden of pneumococcal disease in India, which can be prevented. Guidelines for preventive measures and adult immunization have been published in India, but the implementation of the guidelines is low. Data from Bangladesh are available about significant mortality due to respiratory infections; however, literature regarding guidelines for adult immunization is limited...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938460/health-service-impact-from-mass-gatherings-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Jamie Ranse, Alison Hutton, Toby Keene, Shane Lenson, Matt Luther, Nerolie Bost, Amy N B Johnston, Julia Crilly, Matt Cannon, Nicole Jones, Courtney Hayes, Brandon Burke
BACKGROUND: During a mass gathering, some participants may receive health care for injuries or illnesses that occur during the event. In-event first responders provide initial assessment and management at the event. However, when further definitive care is required, municipal ambulance services provide additional assessment, treatment, and transport of participants to acute care settings, such as hospitals. The impact on both ambulance services and hospitals from mass-gathering events is the focus of this literature review...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928973/development-of-a-mass-gathering-triage-tool-an-australian-perspective
#19
Matt Cannon, Rebecca Roitman, Jamie Ranse, Julia Morphet
Many health service organizations deploy first responders and health care professionals to mass gatherings to assess and manage injuries and illnesses. Patient presentation rates (PPRs) to on-site health services at a mass gathering range from 0.48-170 per 10,000 participants. Transport to hospital rates (TTHRs) range from 0.035-15 per 10,000 participants. The aim of this report was to outline the current literature pertaining to mass-gathering triage and to describe the development of a mass-gathering triage tool for use in the Australian context by first responders...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908924/excess-weight-as-a-risk-factor-common-to-many-cancer-sites-words-of-caution-when-interpreting-meta-analytic-evidence
#20
Melina Arnold, Andrew G Renehan, Graham A Colditz
For over a decade, excess body weight, commonly categorized as overweight (body mass index, BMI: 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI: ≥ 30 kg/m2) has been an established incidence risk factor for several adult cancers (1). For 2012, the burden of disease attributed to elevated BMI was estimated as nearly half-million new cancers worldwide, making this the third highest ranked cancer risk factor globally after smoking and infections (ranked second in most western populations) and an important public health problem (2, 3)...
December 1, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
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