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Mass gathering health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305018/multilevel-analysis-of-individual-heterogeneity-and-discriminatory-accuracy-maihda-within-an-intersectional-framework
#1
Juan Merlo
BACKGROUND: Analyzing Body Mass Index as a didactical example, the study by Evans, Williams, Onnela, and Subramanian (EWOS study) introduce a novel methodology for the investigation of socioeconomic disparities in health. By using multilevel analysis to model health inequalities within and between strata defined by the intersection of multiple social and demographic dimensions, the authors provide a better understanding of the health heterogeneity existing in the population. Their innovative methodology allows for gathering inductive information on a large number of stratum-specific interactions of effects and, simultaneously, informs on the discriminatory accuracy of such strata for predicting individual health...
December 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287699/from-mass-gatherings-medicine-to-mass-gatherings-health-conclusions-from-the-3rd-international-conference-on-mass-gatherings-medicine-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#2
EDITORIAL
S Yezli, A Assiri, H Nabulsi, A Awam, L Blumberg, T Endericks, A Stergachis, S Reicher, B McCloskey, E Petersen, B Alotaibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214043/folic-acid-level-and-preterm-birth-among-sudanese-women
#3
Manal E Sharif, Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelBagi A Ahmed, Abubakr M Nasr, Ishag Adam
Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is the major health problem world-wide; there are few published studies on PTB and folic acid. Methods: The study was conducted to assess the serum level of folic acid in PTB. A case-control study was conducted at Saad Abualila maternity hospital (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period of March through December 2015. Women who delivered live singleton babies were dived in two groups; the cases were women who had PTB "delivery before completed 37weeks but after 24 weeks of pregnancy" and the controls were women who delivered at term (37-42 weeks)...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193241/does-informal-caregiving-affect-self-esteem-results-from-a-population-based-study-of-individuals-aged-40-and-over-in-germany-from-2002-to-2014
#4
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: While it is known that informal caregiving is associated with care-derived self-esteem cross-sectionally, little is known about the impact of informal caregiving on general self-esteem longitudinally. Thus, we aimed at examining whether informal caregiving affects general self-esteem using a longitudinal approach. METHODS: Data were gathered from a population-based sample of community-dwelling individuals aged 40 and over in Germany from 2002 to 2014 (n = 21 271)...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177167/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-early-postoperative-and-long-term-outcome-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#5
Björn Gebauer, Frank Meyer, Henry Ptok, Ralf Steinert, Ronny Otto, Hans Lippert, Ingo Gastinger
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of obesity and underweight onto early postoperative and long-term oncological outcome after surgery for rectal cancer. Methods: Data from 2008 until 2011 was gathered by a German prospective multicenter observational study. 62 items were reported by the physicians in charge, and a consecutive follow-up was performed if the patient had signed a consent form. Patients were subclassified into: underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese - using the definitions of the World Health Organization...
October 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170061/the-association-between-muscle-mass-deficits-and-arterial-stiffness-in-middle-aged-men
#6
I J Im, H J Choi, S M Jeong, H J Kim, J S Son, H J Oh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early diagnosis of arteriosclerosis is fundamental for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The current study was performed to identify major predictors of arteriosclerosis and to assess the association between arterial stiffness as measured by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and muscle mass deficit (MMD) estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in middle-aged men. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were gathered from 3356 middle-aged men who visited a health promotion center...
October 12, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126397/no-mers-cov-but-positive-influenza-viruses-in-returning-hajj-pilgrims-china-2013-2015
#7
Xuezheng Ma, Fang Liu, Lijuan Liu, Liping Zhang, Mingzhu Lu, Abuduzhayier Abudukadeer, Lingbing Wang, Feng Tian, Wei Zhen, Pengfei Yang, Kongxin Hu
BACKGROUND: There is global health concern that the mass movement of pilgrims to and from Mecca annually could contribute to the international spread of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). In China, about 11,000 Muslim pilgrims participate in the Hajj gathering in Mecca annually. This is the first report of MERS-CoV and respiratory virus molecular screening of returning pilgrims at points of entry in China from 2013 to 2015. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 847 returning Hajj pilgrims participated in this study...
November 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110569/beliefs-about-smoking-related-lung-cancer-risk-among-low-socioeconomic-individuals-the-role-of-smoking-experience-and-interpersonal-communication
#8
Mesfin Awoke Bekalu, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has documented that smoking prevalence is generally high among low socioeconomic groups and that tobacco industries continue to target these population groups. However, little research has investigated the beliefs of individuals with low socioeconomic position (SEP) about the association between smoking and cancer risks. In this study, we examined beliefs about smoking-related lung cancer risk and the role of smoking experience, mass media exposure and health-related interpersonal communication among a sample of low SEP population...
November 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096579/self-rated-health-as-an-indicator-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-among-working-aged-women
#9
Veera Veromaa, Hannu Kautiainen, Markus Juonala, Ansa Rantanen, Päivi E Korhonen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and the American Heart Association's (AHA) concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) among female municipal employees. Studies about the association are scarce, even though AHA recommends to use SRH status surveys in clinical practice and research settings of CVH. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted in 2014. SETTING: SRH was assessed with a one-item question and the data of seven ideal CVH measurements (nonsmoking, body mass index <25...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077750/estimating-the-frequency-and-characteristics-of-respiratory-disease-outbreaks-at-mass-gatherings-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-state-and-local-health-department-assessment
#10
Argelia Figueroa, Reena K Gulati, Jeanette J Rainey
Mass gatherings create environments conducive to the transmission of infectious diseases. Thousands of mass gatherings are held annually in the United States; however, information on the frequency and characteristics of respiratory disease outbreaks and on the use of nonpharmaceutical interventions at these gatherings is scarce. We administered an online assessment to the 50 state health departments and 31 large local health departments in the United States to gather information about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring between 2009 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058969/public-health-and-the-pope-s-visit-to-philadelphia-2015
#11
James W Buehler, Jessica Caum, Steven J Alles
Pope Francis visited Philadelphia for 2 days during September 2015. Preparedness functions managed by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) were similar to those of other mass gatherings but also required accommodation of special security arrangements and the location of public events in central areas of the city. Public health planning involved collaborations with multiple city, state, and federal agencies and neighboring jurisdictions. PDPH preparations encompassed incident command procedures, contingency planning, disease surveillance and prevention, food safety, vector control, BioWatch air sampling, volunteer management for first-aid services, and continuity of operations...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037978/expected-immunizations-and-health-protection-for-hajj-and-umrah-2018-an-overview
#12
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Philippe Gautret, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj and Umrah are one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings across the globe drawing pilgrims from more than 185 countries. The living circumstances and activities of the pilgrims may create an environment for the occurrence and spread of communicable diseases. Each year, the Health authority of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in coordination with international health authorities, updates health requirements for pilgrims. The Hajj for 2017 took place from August 24 to September 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033987/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-profile-of-female-nurses-from-government-hospitals-in-delhi-india
#13
Shipra Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nursing is a demanding profession and nurses face a considerable degree of stress at work that can adversely influence their dietary practices and nutritional status. The current study was designed to conduct a preliminary investigation of the dietary practices and nutritional profile of nurses from government hospitals in Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 80 female nurses aged between 25 and 39 years from government hospitals...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962607/association-of-informal-caregiving-with-body-mass-index-and-frequency-of-sporting-activities-evidence-of-a-population-based-study-in-germany
#14
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: While most studies focused solely on the comparison between informal caregivers and non-caregivers, little is known about the relation between caregiving time or caregiving activities and lifestyle factors. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether informal caregiving time and type of caregiving activities are associated with body mass index (BMI) and the frequency of sporting activities among informal caregivers. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were gathered from the German Ageing Survey, a nationally representative study among community-dwelling individuals aged ≥40 that includes a total of n = 1380 people who provide informal care services...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961606/evaluation-of-syndromic-surveillance-systems-in-6-us-state-and-local-health-departments
#15
Mathew J Thomas, Paula W Yoon, James M Collins, Arthur J Davidson, William R Mac Kenzie
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating public health surveillance systems is critical to ensuring that conditions of public health importance are appropriately monitored. Our objectives were to qualitatively evaluate 6 state and local health departments that were early adopters of syndromic surveillance in order to (1) understand the characteristics and current uses, (2) identify the most and least useful syndromes to monitor, (3) gauge the utility for early warning and outbreak detection, and (4) assess how syndromic surveillance impacted their daily decision making...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932598/the-effects-of-socioeconomic-determinants-on-hypertension-in-a-cardiometabolic-at-risk-european-country
#16
Sarah Cuschieri, Josanne Vassallo, Neville Calleja, Nikolai Pace, Julian Mamo
BACKGROUND: A relationship has been established between socioeconomic status and hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and to explore the links between hypertension and socioeconomic factors in the adult population of Malta. METHODS: A national representative cross-sectional health examination study was performed between 2014 and 2016. Sociodemographic and medical history data was gathered by validated questionnaires while blood pressure was measured...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930004/enteric-infections-circulating-during-hajj-seasons-2011-2013
#17
Moataz Abd El Ghany, Mona Alsomali, Malak Almasri, Eriko Padron Regalado, Raeece Naeem, AbdulHafeez Tukestani, Abdullah Asiri, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Arnab Pain, Ziad A Memish
Hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is a unique mass gathering event that raises public health concerns in the host country and globally. Although gastroenteritis and diarrhea are common among Hajj pilgrims, the microbial etiologies of these infections are unknown. We collected 544 fecal samples from pilgrims with medically attended diarrheal illness from 40 countries during the 2011-2013 Hajj seasons and screened the samples for 16 pathogens commonly associated with diarrheal infections...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#18
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859101/stakeholder-perceptions-of-communication-about-vaccination-in-two-regions-of-cameroon-a-qualitative-case-study
#19
Heather Ames, Diangha Mabel Njang, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Afiong Oku, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Angela Oyo-Ita, Awah Paschal Kum, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Understanding stakeholders' (parents', communities' and health workers') perspectives of communication about childhood vaccination, including their preferences for its format, delivery and content, is an important step towards designing better communication strategies and ensuring more informed parents. Our objectives were to explore stakeholders' views, experiences and preferences for childhood vaccination communication in Cameroon. METHODS: In 2014, in the Central and North West Regions of Cameron, we gathered qualitative data for our case study using the following methods: semi structured interviews; observations and informal conversations during routine immunization clinics and three rounds of the National Polio Immunization Campaign; document analysis of reports and mass media communications about vaccination; and a survey of parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762442/umrah-an-opportunity-for-mass-gatherings-health-research
#20
Saber Yezli, Yara Yassin, Amnah Awam, Amaar Attar, Emad Al-Jahdali, Badriah Alotaibi
[No Abstract Available].
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
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