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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626749/a-century-spent-combating-rabies-in-morocco-1911-2015-how-much-longer
#1
Sami Darkaoui, Florence Cliquet, Marine Wasniewski, Emmanuelle Robardet, Nadia Aboulfidaa, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Ouafaa Fassi-Fihri
Rabies has no known beginning in Morocco and to date, government control efforts and plans fail to eradicate the disease. A review and analysis of available epidemiological data are crucial to learn lessons from the past and to propose effective actions. Legally, animal rabies is a notifiable disease since 1913 and legislation has been updated periodically since. Dogs have always been considered as both the disease's vector and reservoir, while cattle, other herbivores, and humans are victims. Animal rabies cases evolution from 1942 to 2015 is characterized by ascending phase then decreasing one following structured rabies control plan implementation in 1980s...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619416/mass-gatherings-and-public-health-case-studies-from-the-hajj-to-mecca
#2
Juma Rahman, Min Thu, Neelam Arshad, Marc Van der Putten
BACKGROUND: Many new and challenging risks can be introduced during mass gatherings. The Hajj, as one of the largest mass gatherings, provides an excellent annual opportunity to reflect on the public health risk posed by international and multicultural crowds and the value of mitigation strategies. OBJECTIVES: To identify the gap between preparation and training taken before being exposed to the mass gathering and postexposure experiences, and the breach between the expectations and reality of the holy place...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614444/expected-hazards-and-hospital-beds-in-host-cities-of-the-2014-fifa-world-cup-in-brazil
#3
Elaine Silva Miranda, Kimberley Shoaf, Raulino Sabino da Silva, Carolina Figueiredo Freitas, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
Planning for mass gatherings involves health system preparedness based on an understanding of natural and technological hazards identified through prior risk assessment. We present the expected hazards reported by health administrators of the host cities for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil and discuss the hazards considering minimal available public hospital beds in the 12 cities at the time of the event. Four different groups of respondents were interviewed: pharmaceutical service administrators and overall health administrators at both the municipal and hospital levels...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579753/automated-retinal-imaging-and-trend-analysis-a-tool-for-health-monitoring
#4
Karin Roesch, Tristan Swedish, Ramesh Raskar
Most current diagnostic devices are expensive, require trained specialists to operate and gather static images with sparse data points. This leads to preventable diseases going undetected until late stage, resulting in greatly narrowed treatment options. This is especially true for retinal imaging. Future solutions are low cost, portable, self-administered by the patient, and capable of providing multiple data points, population analysis, and trending. This enables preventative interventions through mass accessibility, constant monitoring, and predictive modeling...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575755/evaluation-of-an-online-master-s-programme-in-somaliland-a-phenomenographic-study-on-the-experience-of-professional-and-personal-development-among-midwifery-faculty
#5
Kerstin Erlandsson, Fatumo Osman, Mathias Hatakka, Jama Ali Egal, Ulrika Byrskog, Christina Pedersen, Marie Klingberg-Allvin
To record the variation of perceptions of midwifery faculty in terms of the possibilities and challenges related to the completion of their first online master's level programme in Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Somaliland. The informants included in this phenomenongraphical focus group study were those well-educated professional women and men who completed the master's program. The informant perceived that this first online master's level programme provided tools for independent use of the Internet and independent searching for evidence-based information, enhanced professional development, was challenge-driven and evoked curiosity, challenged professional development, enhanced personal development and challenged context-bound career paths...
May 23, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572982/overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-among-public-servants-in-nadowli-district-ghana-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Margaret Atuahene, John Kuumuori Ganle, Martin Adjuik, Nana Frema Atuahene, Grace Billi Kampitib
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight and obesity are becoming a mounting concern, impacting negatively on the health of populations especially in low-income settings. However, there is paucity of epidemiological information available in Ghana to support intervention activities. We conducted a study among public servants to estimate overweight/obesity, hypertension and diabetes prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional survey involving 271 purposively sampled public servants aged 20 to 59 years was conducted...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554607/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-body-composition-of-stimulant-users-a-baseline-analysis-of-the-stride-cohort
#7
Mark Stoutenberg, Chad D Rethorst, Denise C Vidot, Tracy L Greer, Madhukar H Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Relatively little has been reported about the physical characteristics, such as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body composition, of stimulant users. Identifying risk factors associated with the physical health of stimulant users is an important public health issue as new treatments should better address the entire range of health concerns experienced by this population. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional data gathered at baseline from the STimulant Reduction Intervention using Dosed Exercise (STRIDE) study, a multisite randomized clinical trial that examined exercise as an adjunct to treatment as usual for individuals in residential treatment programs (RTPs)...
July 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554341/crowd-simulations-and-determining-the-critical-density-point-of-emergency-situations
#8
Gholamreza Khademipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Seyed Mohammad Saberi Anari, Maryam Sadeghi, Hojjat Ebrahimnejad, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
OBJECTIVE: In modern societies, crowds and mass gatherings are recurrent. A combination of inadequate facilities and inefficient population management can lead to injury and death. Simulating people's behavior in crowds and mass gatherings can assist in the planning and management of gatherings, especially in emergency situations. METHODS: We aimed to determine the crowd pattern and the critical density point in the grand bazaar of Kerman in Iran. We collected data by use of a census method with a questionnaire...
May 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542491/the-face-of-war-trauma-analysis-of-a-mass-grave-from-the-battle-of-l%C3%A3-tzen-1632
#9
Nicole Nicklisch, Frank Ramsthaler, Harald Meller, Susanne Friederich, Kurt W Alt
Contemporary accounts of battles are often incomplete or even erroneous because they reflect the-often biased-viewpoints of the authors. Battlefield archaeology faces the task of compiling an historical analysis of a battle and of gathering all the available facts. Besides cultural historical evidence and artefacts, the human remains of those who have fallen in battle also provide invaluable information. In studying mass graves from a military context, the injury types and patterns are significant. They allow us to reconstruct the circumstances surrounding the soldiers' deaths and provide information on the hostilities that occurred on the battlefield...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500022/what-matters-in-weight-loss-an-in-depth-analysis-of-self-monitoring
#10
Stefanie Lynn Painter, Rezwan Ahmed, James O Hill, Robert F Kushner, Richard Lindquist, Scott Brunning, Amy Margulies
BACKGROUND: Using technology to self-monitor body weight, dietary intake, and physical activity is a common practice used by consumers and health companies to increase awareness of current and desired behaviors in weight loss. Understanding how to best use the information gathered by these relatively new methods needs to be further explored. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of self-monitoring to weight loss in participants in a 6-month commercial weight-loss intervention administered by Retrofit and to specifically identify the significant contributors to weight loss that are associated with behavior and outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473308/sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-na-copa-the-world-s-first-application-of-participatory-surveillance-for-a-mass-gathering-at-fifa-world-cup-2014-brazil
#11
Onicio Leal Neto, George Santiago Dimech, Marlo Libel, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Eduarda Cesse, Mark Smolinski, Wanderson Oliveira, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: The 2005 International Health Regulations (IHRs) established parameters for event assessments and notifications that may constitute public health emergencies of international concern. These requirements and parameters opened up space for the use of nonofficial mechanisms (such as websites, blogs, and social networks) and technological improvements of communication that can streamline the detection, monitoring, and response to health problems, and thus reduce damage caused by these problems...
May 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468070/-on-national-demonstration-areas-a-cluster-analysis
#12
F Mao, Y Y Jiang, W L Dong, N Ji, J Q Dong
Objective: To understand the 'backward' provinces and the relatively poor work among the construction of National Demonstration Area, so as to promote communication and future visions among different regions. Methods: Methods on Cluster analysis were used to compare the development of National Demonstration Area in different provinces, including the coverage of National Demonstration Area and the scores of non-communicable disease (NCDs) prevention and control work based on a standardized indicating system...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458527/self-reported-daily-walking-time-in-copd-relationship-with-relevant-clinical-and-functional-characteristics
#13
Maria A Ramon, Cristina Esquinas, Miriam Barrecheguren, Eulogio Pleguezuelos, Jesús Molina, José A Quintano, Miguel Roman-Rodríguez, Karlos Naberan, Carl Llor, Carlos Roncero, Marc Miravitlles
BACKGROUND: Quantifying physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important as physical inactivity is related to poor health outcomes. This study analyzed the relationship between patients' self-reported daily walking time and relevant characteristics related to COPD severity. METHODS: Pooled analysis was performed on data from four observational studies on which daily walking time was gathered from a personal interview. Patients were classified as physically inactive if walking time was <30 min/day...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455205/meningococcal-disease-in-the-middle-east-and-africa-findings-and-updates-from-the-global-meningococcal-initiative
#14
REVIEW
Ray Borrow, Dominique A Caugant, Mehmet Ceyhan, Hannah Christensen, Ener Cagri Dinleyici, Jamie Findlow, Linda Glennie, Anne Von Gottberg, Amel Kechrid, Julio Vázquez Moreno, Aziza Razki, Vincent Smith, Muhamed-Kheir Taha, Hassiba Tali-Maamar, Khalid Zerouali
The Global Meningococcal Initiative (GMI) has recently considered current issues in Middle Eastern and African countries, and produced two recommendations: (i) that vaccination of attendees should be considered for some types of mass-gathering events, as some countries mandate for the Hajj, and (ii) vaccination of people with human immunodeficiency virus should be used routinely, because of increased meningococcal disease (MD) risk. Differences exist between Middle Eastern and African countries regarding case and syndrome definitions, surveillance, and epidemiologic data gaps...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421264/epidemiology-of-sarcopenia-determinants-throughout-the-lifecourse
#15
S C Shaw, E M Dennison, C Cooper
Sarcopenia is an age-related syndrome characterised by progressive and generalised loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength; it is a major contributor to the risk of physical frailty, functional impairment in older people, poor health-related quality of life and premature death. Many different definitions have been used to describe sarcopenia and have resulted in varying estimates of prevalence of the condition. The most recent attempts of definitions have tried to integrate information on muscle mass, strength and physical function and provide a definition that is useful in both research and clinical settings...
April 18, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421192/exercise-and-protein-intake-a-synergistic-approach-against-sarcopenia
#16
REVIEW
Anna Maria Martone, Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Anna Picca, Matteo Tosato, Luca Santoro, Angela Di Giorgio, Antonio Nesci, Alex Sisto, Angelo Santoliquido, Francesco Landi
Sarcopenia, the age-dependent loss of muscle mass and function/strength, is increasingly recognized as a major risk factor for adverse outcomes in frail older people. As such, the skeletal muscle is a relevant target for interventions aimed at preventing or postponing the occurrence of negative health-related events in late life. The association among physical inactivity, insufficient intake of energy and protein, and poor muscle health in older adults suggests that physical exercise and targeted nutritional supplementation may offer substantial therapeutic gain against sarcopenia and its negative correlates...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409055/enhanced-surveillance-for-the-third-united-nations-conference-on-small-island-developing-states-apia-samoa-september-2014
#17
Paul White, Salanieta Saketa, Alexis Durand, Saine Vaai-Nielsen, Tile Ah Leong-Lui, Take Naseri, Ailuai Matalima, Filipina Amosa, Alize Mercier, Christelle Lepers, Vjesh Lal, Richard Wojcik, Sheri Lewis, Adam Roth, Yvan Souares, Onofre Edwin Merilles, Damian Hoy
The Ministry of Health in Samoa, in partnership with the Pacific Community, successfully implemented enhanced surveillance for the high-profile Third United Nations Conference on Small Island Developing States held concurrently with the popular local Teuila festival during a widespread chikungunya outbreak in September 2014. Samoa's weekly syndromic surveillance system was expanded to 12 syndromes and 10 sentinel sites from four syndromes and seven sentinel sites; sites included the national hospital, four private health clinics and three national health service clinics...
January 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396302/development-and-testing-of-the-myhealthypregnancy-app-a-behavioral-decision-research-based-tool-for-assessing-and-communicating-pregnancy-risk
#18
Tamar Krishnamurti, Alexander L Davis, Gabrielle Wong-Parodi, Baruch Fischhoff, Yoel Sadovsky, Hyagriv N Simhan
BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in medical interventions and health care delivery, preterm births in the United States are on the rise. Existing research has identified important, seemingly simple precautions that could significantly reduce preterm birth risk. However, it has proven difficult to communicate even these simple recommendations to women in need of them. Our objective was to draw on methods from behavioral decision research to develop a personalized smartphone app-based medical communication tool to assess and communicate pregnancy risks related to preterm birth...
April 10, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383101/lebanon-s-experience-in-surveillance-of-communicable-diseases-during-a-mass-gathering-sixth-francophone-games-2009
#19
Nadine Haddad, Walid Ammar, Alfred Khoury, Alex Cox, Nada Ghosn
In 2009, Lebanon hosted the 6th Francophone Games. Pandemic A(H1N1)2009 virus presented significant health threat at the time. A surveillance strategy was implemented for the timely detection and management of epidemiological events and outbreaks, in particular for A(H1N1)2009 virus cases. Data were collected and managed daily and feedback was generated through daily bulletins. A total of 299 medical consultations were reported, 29% of which related to infectious diseases. There were 10 cases reported as acute respiratory infections; all tested negative for A(H1N1)2009 virus within 24 hours...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355612/strengthening-health-security-at-the-hajj-mass-gatherings-characteristics-of-the-infectious-diseases-surveillance-systems-operational-during-the-2015-hajj
#20
Badriah M Alotaibi, Saber Yezli, Abdul-Aziz A Bin Saeed, Abdulhafeez Turkestani, Amnah H Alawam, Kingsley L Bieh
Background: Hajj is one of the largest and the most ethnically and culturally diverse mass gatherings worldwide. The use of appropriate surveillance systems ensures timely information management for effective planning and response to infectious diseases threats during the pilgrimage. The literature describes infectious diseases prevention and control strategies for Hajj but with limited information on the operations and characteristics of the existing Hajj infectious diseases surveillance systems...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
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