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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098107/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-organ-donation-among-adult-population-in-al-kharj-saudi-arabia
#1
Sandeep Agrawal, Saud Binsaleem, Mohammed Al-Homrani, Abdullaziz Al-Juhayim, Abdullah Al-Harbi
Organ transplantation is a lifesaving treatment for patients with end-stage organ failure. Despite the advanced medical science and technology, shortage of organs had led to a growing gap between the demand for organs and the number of donors. With a limited number of studies on the subject and based on those findings, the public knowledge and attitudes must be assessed to understand more clearly that why many people are opposing donating their organs in Saudi Arabia. The objective of our study was to assess the knowledge and attitude of the adult population toward organ donation in Saudi Arabia...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039429/limited-potential-of-genetic-predisposition-scores-to-predict-muscle-mass-and-strength-performance-in-flemish-caucasians-between-19-73-years-of-age
#2
Ruben Charlier, Maarten Caspers, Sara Knaeps, Evelien Mertens, Diether Lambrechts, Johan Lefevre, Martine Thomis
Since both muscle mass and strength performance are polygenic in nature, the current study compared four Genetic Predisposition Scores (GPS) in their ability to predict these phenotypes. Data were gathered within the framework of the first generation Flemish Policy Research Centre 'Sport, Physical Activity and Health' (2002-2004). Results are based on muscle characteristics data of 565 Flemish Caucasians (19-73 yr, 365 men). Skeletal muscle mass (SMM) was determined using bioelectrical impedance. The Biodex dynamometer was used to measure isometric (PTstatic120°) and isokinetic strength (PTdynamic60° and PTdynamic240°), ballistic movement speed (S20%) and muscular endurance (Work) of the knee extensors...
December 30, 2016: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993166/the-effect-of-community-groups-and-mobile-phone-messages-on-the-prevention-and-control-of-diabetes-in-rural-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-three-arm-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Edward Fottrell, Hannah Jennings, Abdul Kuddus, Naveed Ahmed, Joanna Morrison, Kohenour Akter, Sanjit Kumar Shaha, Badrun Nahar, Tasmin Nahar, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus place a substantial burden on health care services, communities, families and individuals living with the disease or at risk of developing it. Estimates of the combined prevalence of intermediate hyperglycaemia and diabetes in Bangladesh vary, and can be as high as 30% of the adult population. Despite such high prevalence, awareness and control of diabetes and its risk factors are limited. Prevention and control of diabetes and its complications demand increased awareness and action of individuals and communities, with positive influences on behaviours and lifestyle choices...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992506/menstrual-cycle-irregularity-and-metabolic-disorders-a-population-based-prospective-study
#4
Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Shirin Djalalinia, Leila Cheraghi, Samira Behboudi Gandavani, Fereidoun Azizi
The regularity of menstrual cycles is considered an indicator of women's reproductive health. Previous studies with a cross-sectional design have documented the relationship between menstrual cycle irregularities, insulin-resistance and the future risks for metabolic disorders. Limited data documented by prospective studies can lead to premature conclusions regarding the relationship between menstrual cycle irregularities and other conditions influencing women's health. The present study therefore, using a prospective design aimed to assess the risk of metabolic disorders in women with a history of irregular menstrual cycles, was based on the data gathered from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose study (TLGS) an ongoing prospective cohort study initiated in 1999...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989544/use-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Halley Wasserman, Jennifer M O'Donnell, Catherine M Gordon
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is a vital tool for assessing bone health in patients at risk for fragility fractures. In pediatric patients, this technology is used in conjunction with clinical fracture history to diagnosis osteoporosis and monitor treatment response. Childhood and adolescence is characterized by linear growth and bone mass accrual; thus there are important differences in the interpretation of bone measurements obtained by DXA in these young patients. This review aims to explore the current indications for DXA use and interpretation of DXA in the pediatric age group using currently available reference databases...
December 15, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981400/strategies-and-challenges-in-recruiting-black-immigrant-mothers-for-a-community-based-study-on-child-nutritional-health-in-ottawa-canada
#6
Rosanne Blanchet, Dia Sanou, Constance P Nana, Elise Pauzé, Malek Batal, Isabelle Giroux
There is a need to identify barriers to participation as well as recruitment strategies to engage minority parents of young children in health-oriented research. This paper offers insights on strategies and challenges in recruiting black immigrant mothers living in Ottawa (Canada) for a community-based health-oriented research project among 6-to-12-year-old children. We recruited 259 mother-child dyads. Most participants were recruited by team members during community events, fairs, religious gatherings, etc...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942192/consensus-recommendation-for-india-and-bangladesh-for-the-use-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-mass-gatherings-with-special-reference-to-hajj-pilgrims
#7
Dilip Mathai, Abul Khair Mohammad Shamsuzzaman, Ahrar Ahmed Feroz, Amin R Virani, Ashfaq Hasan, K L Ravi Kumar, Khalid Ansari, Khandaker Atm Forhad Hossain, Mahesh Marda, M A Wahab Zubair, Mohammed Mukarram Ali, N Ashraf, Riyaz Basha, Shaeq Mirza, Shafeeq Ahmed, Shamim Akhtar, Syed Mustafa Ashraf, Zahirul Haque
Respiratory tract infections are prevalent among Hajj pilgrims with pneumonia being a leading cause of hospitalization. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common pathogen isolated from patients with pneumonia and respiratory tract infections during Hajj. There is a significant burden of pneumococcal disease in India, which can be prevented. Guidelines for preventive measures and adult immunization have been published in India, but the implementation of the guidelines is low. Data from Bangladesh are available about significant mortality due to respiratory infections; however, literature regarding guidelines for adult immunization is limited...
October 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938460/health-service-impact-from-mass-gatherings-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Jamie Ranse, Alison Hutton, Toby Keene, Shane Lenson, Matt Luther, Nerolie Bost, Amy N B Johnston, Julia Crilly, Matt Cannon, Nicole Jones, Courtney Hayes, Brandon Burke
BACKGROUND: During a mass gathering, some participants may receive health care for injuries or illnesses that occur during the event. In-event first responders provide initial assessment and management at the event. However, when further definitive care is required, municipal ambulance services provide additional assessment, treatment, and transport of participants to acute care settings, such as hospitals. The impact on both ambulance services and hospitals from mass-gathering events is the focus of this literature review...
December 12, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928973/development-of-a-mass-gathering-triage-tool-an-australian-perspective
#9
Matt Cannon, Rebecca Roitman, Jamie Ranse, Julia Morphet
Many health service organizations deploy first responders and health care professionals to mass gatherings to assess and manage injuries and illnesses. Patient presentation rates (PPRs) to on-site health services at a mass gathering range from 0.48-170 per 10,000 participants. Transport to hospital rates (TTHRs) range from 0.035-15 per 10,000 participants. The aim of this report was to outline the current literature pertaining to mass-gathering triage and to describe the development of a mass-gathering triage tool for use in the Australian context by first responders...
December 8, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908924/excess-weight-as-a-risk-factor-common-to-many-cancer-sites-words-of-caution-when-interpreting-meta-analytic-evidence
#10
Melina Arnold, Andrew G Renehan, Graham A Colditz
For over a decade, excess body weight, commonly categorized as overweight (body mass index, BMI: 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI: ≥ 30 kg/m2) has been an established incidence risk factor for several adult cancers (1). For 2012, the burden of disease attributed to elevated BMI was estimated as nearly half-million new cancers worldwide, making this the third highest ranked cancer risk factor globally after smoking and infections (ranked second in most western populations) and an important public health problem (2, 3)...
December 1, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853041/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-the-katkari-tribe-of-coastal-maharashtra
#11
M G Deo, P V Pawar, S R Kanetkar, S V Kakade
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urban and rural India are both going through health epidemiological transition and will soon face huge burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Information on the status of NCDs in tribals is limited. Although the prevalence of hypertension in scheduled tribes (STs) has been studied in several states by the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, tribe-specific data are very scanty. The objective of this study was to generate data on the status of hypertension and diabetes, the two objectively measurable NCDs in Katkaris, the dominant ST in the Raigad district of coastal Maharashtra...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837454/diabetes-and-hypertension-in-marshallese-adults-results-from-faith-based-health-screenings
#12
Pearl Anna McElfish, Brett Rowland, Christopher R Long, Jonell Hudson, Michelle Piel, Bill Buron, Sheldon Riklon, Williamina Ioanna Bing, T Scott Warmack
BACKGROUND: The Pacific Islander population in the USA is growing rapidly. However, research on Pacific Islanders in the USA is limited, or sometimes misleading due to aggregation with Asian Americans. This project seeks to add to the dearth of health literature by conducting a health assessment of Marshallese in northwest Arkansas. METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, nine health screening events were conducted at local Marshallese churches...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806500/assessment-of-anthropometric-indices-and-related-factors-of-secondary-school-students-in-iran-province-of-hamadan-in-2014
#13
Nahid Mohammadi, Masoud Khodaveisi, Afsar Omidi, Roya Amini, Abbass Moghimbeigi
BACKGROUND: The growth of children is a health indicator at each country and growth monitoring has a great importance. This study was done to determine the anthropometric indices of secondary school students of Hamadan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. 816 girl & boy secondary school students in Hamadan selected based on cluster random multistage sampling. We gathered data through questionnaire. The status of anthropometric indices was assessed by height, weight and body mass index and then it was compared with the NCHS standards...
July 12, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797433/anopheles-plumbeus-diptera-culicidae-in-germany-updated-geographic-distribution-and-public-health-impact-of-a-nuisance-and-vector-mosquito
#14
Eva C Heym, Helge Kampen, Marcus Fahle, Tobias L Hohenbrink, Mandy Schäfer, Dorothee E Scheuch, Doreen Walther
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to map the current spatial distribution of Anopheles plumbeus in Germany, a potential vector of malaria parasites and West Nile virus. Reports of mass occurrence and nuisance connected with artificial breeding site usage by this species were analysed. METHODS: Distribution data were collected from 2011 to 2014 mainly through trapping and submissions of adult mosquito specimens to a citizen science project. In the framework of the latter, additional information was gathered on recent nuisance incidents caused by An...
January 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766181/enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-mass-gatherings-in-the-pacific-a-case-study-of-the-11th-festival-of-pacific-arts-in-solomon-islands-2012
#15
Damian Hoy, Salanieta T Saketa, Roy Roger Maraka, Alison Sio, Ian Wanyeki, Pascal Frison, Divi Ogaoga, Dennie Iniakawala, Cynthia Joshua, Sala Duituturaga, Christelle Lepers, Adam Roth, Paul White, Yvan Souares
Mass gatherings pose public health challenges to host countries, as they can cause or exacerbate disease outbreaks within the host location or elsewhere. In July 2012, the 11th Festival of Pacific Arts (FOPA), a mass gathering event involving 22 Pacific island states and territories, was hosted by Solomon Islands. An enhanced syndromic surveillance (ESS) system was implemented for the event. Throughout the capital city, Honiara, 15 sentinel sites were established and successfully took part in the ESS system, which commenced one week before the FOPA (25 June) and concluded eight days after the event (22 July)...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749544/clinical-manifestations-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-from-a-large-multicenter-study-in-colombia
#16
Mabel Bohorquez, Ruta Sahasrabudhe, Angel Criollo, María Carolina Sanabria-Salas, Alejandro Vélez, Jorge Mario Castro, Juan Ricardo Marquez, Gilbert Mateus, Fernando Bolaños, Cesar Panqueva, Jose Ignacio Restrepo, Juan Dario Puerta, Raul Murillo, María Mercedes Bravo, Gustavo Hernández, Angela Rios, Rodrigo Prieto, Ian Tomlinson, Magdalena Echeverry, Luis G Carvajal-Carmona
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health problem, and its incidence is rising in developing countries. However, studies characterizing CRC clinicopathological features in cases from developing countries are still lacking. The goal of this study was to evaluate clinicopathological and demographic features in one of the largest CRC studies in Latin America.The study involved over 1525 CRC cases recruited in a multicenter study in Colombia between 2005 and 2014 as part of ongoing genetic and epidemiological studies...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694349/using-mobile-technology-to-optimize-disease-surveillance-and-healthcare-delivery-at-mass-gatherings-a-case-study-from-india-s-kumbh-mela
#17
Dhruv S Kazi, P Gregg Greenough, Rishi Madhok, Aaron Heerboth, Ahmed Shaikh, Jennifer Leaning, Satchit Balsari
BACKGROUND: Planning for mass gatherings often includes temporary healthcare systems to address the needs of attendees. However, paper-based record keeping has traditionally precluded the timely application of collected clinical data for epidemic surveillance or optimization of healthcare delivery. We evaluated the feasibility of harnessing ubiquitous mobile technologies for conducting disease surveillance and monitoring resource utilization at the Allahabad Kumbh Mela in India, a 55-day festival attended by over 70 million people...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681852/emergency-preparedness-for-a-mass-gathering-the-2015-papal-visit-to-philadelphia
#18
Emma Paras, Matthew Butler, Brian F Maguire, Rich Scarfone
In September 2015, Pope Francis visited Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and led outdoor events over the course of 2 days. As a result, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) was faced with the challenge of planning for and responding to a mass gathering that was anticipated to be one of the largest in US history. As a result of unprecedented traffic restrictions, it was anticipated that patients, staff, and vendors would have severe challenges accessing the hospital, along with impaired communications from widespread cell phone service disruption...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649752/hajj-stampede-disaster-2015-reflections-from-the-frontlines
#19
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648063/zika-virus-epidemiology-current-phobia-and-preparedness-for-upcoming-mass-gatherings-with-examples-from-world-olympics-and-pilgrimage
#20
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To describe Zika Virus (ZIKV) epidemiology, current phobia, and the required preparedness for its prevention during the upcoming Mass Gathering (MG) events. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, WHO, CDC, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Google, and Cochrane library were extensively searched for ZIKV. Articles were reviewed, scrutinized and critically appraised and the most relevant articles were utilized. RESULTS: ZIKV is an emerging Flavivirus which was first isolated from Uganda in 1947...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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