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Mass gathering health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752533/risk-and-protective-factors-for-mental-health-at-a-youth-mass-gathering
#1
Tegan Cruwys, Alexander K Saeri, Helena R M Radke, Zoe C Walter, Daniel Crimston, Laura J Ferris
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings are well-documented for their public health risks; however, little research has examined their impact on mental health or focused on young people specifically. This study explores risk and protective factors for mental health at mass gatherings, with a particular focus on characterising attendees with high levels of psychological distress and risk taking. METHOD: Data collection was conducted in situ at "Schoolies", an annual informal week-long mass gathering of approximately 30,000 Australian school leavers...
May 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751133/the-threat-of-meningococcal-disease-during-the-hajj-and-umrah-mass-gatherings-a-comprehensive-review
#2
REVIEW
Saber Yezli
The Hajj and Umrah mass gatherings represent many of the risk factors for meningococcal disease and have historically been associated with both local and international outbreaks of the disease. The implementation of strict preventative measures including mandatory meningococcal vaccination with the quadrivalent (A,C,Y,W) vaccine has prevented pilgrimage-associated meningococcal outbreaks and significantly reduced the incidence of the disease at these events. However, meningococcal disease remains an important public health threat at the Hajj and Umrah due in part to the evolving nature of the disease, characterized with diverse and varying geographic trends, fluctuations in incidence and shifts in serogroups and genotypes...
May 8, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746204/sex-education-public-opinion-and-pornography-a-conditional-process-analysis
#3
Paul J Wright
This study assesses the relationship between pornography consumption and support for sex education in public schools among adults in the United States. Goals were theoretical and applied. At the theoretical level, conditional process analyses are needed to further evaluate the predictions of the primary theory applied to pornography and social influence, the sexual script acquisition, activation, application model (3 AM) of sexual media socialization. At the applied level, themes in pornography are most often associated with socialization outcomes that are a threat to the public health...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724570/prevalence-of-smoking-in-sudanese-individuals-with-diabetes-and-associated-complications-population-based-study
#4
Heitham Awadalla, Ahmed O Almobarak, Mohamed H Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Smoking cigarettes and diabetes are major public health problems in Sudan. Smoking is associated with insulin resistance and can be associated with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of smoking in individuals with diabetes and associated complications. METHODOLOGY: a descriptive analytical cross-sectional study, included 315 of participants with diabetes. The data collection was performed to gather demographic information, prevalence of smoking and presence of complications...
April 24, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699035/-effect-of-docosahexenoic-acid-supplementation-on-infant-s-growth-and-body-mass-index-during-maternal-pregnancy
#5
P Li, Y Shang, Y J Liu, X L Chang, H Y Yao, A M Liang, K M Qi
Objective: To investigate the effects of docosahexenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on infant's growth and BMI during pregnancy. Methods: A total of 1 516 healthy pregnant women delivered their babies in two maternal and child health care hospitals in Beijing and were chosen as the subjects in this cohort study from May to October 2015. Self-developed questionnaires were used to gather general information of the subjects, including age, height, weight, weight gain during pregnancy, delivery mode, DHA supplementation etc ...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692279/analysis-of-medical-responses-in-mass-gatherings-the-commemoration-ceremonies-for-the-100th-anniversary-of-the-battle-of-gallipoli
#6
Hüseyin Koçak, Cüneyt Çalışkan, Mehmet Şerafettin Sönmezler, Kenan Eliuz, Fatih Küçükdurmaz
IntroductionMass crowds outside the routine population create a burden of disease on Emergency Medical Services (EMS). The need for EMS in various mass-crowd events may vary. It is especially important to determine the EMS requirement that emerges during the historic commemoration ceremonies in Çanakkale (Turkey).Hypothesis/ProblemThis study aims to determine the unique challenges in the planning of EMS responses provided for people from various countries at the commemoration ceremony for a 100-year-old war and to identify the medical provision of those services...
April 25, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690510/reference-intervals-for-urinary-cotinine-levels-and-the-influence-of-sampling-time-and-other-predictors-on-its-excretion-among-italian-schoolchildren
#7
Carmela Protano, Roberta Andreoli, Antonio Mutti, Maurizio Manigrasso, Pasquale Avino, Matteo Vitali
(1) Background: Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) exposure remains a public health problem worldwide. The aims are to establish urinary (u-) cotinine reference values for healthy Italian children, to evaluate the role of the sampling time and of other factors on children's u-cotinine excretion. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on 330 children. Information on participants was gathered by a questionnaire and u-cotinine was determined in two samples for each child, collected during the evening and the next morning...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673810/a-systematic-review-of-emerging-respiratory-viruses-at-the-hajj-and-possible-coinfection-with-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#8
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Samir Benkouiten, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia attracts millions of pilgrims from around the world. International health community's attention goes towards this mass gathering and the possibility of the development of any respiratory tract infections due to the high risk of acquisition of respiratory viruses. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus databases for relevant papers describing the prevalence of respiratory viruses among Hajj pilgrims...
April 16, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666748/mass-gathering-enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-the-8th-micronesian-games-in-2014-pohnpei-state-federated-states-of-micronesia
#9
Paul White, Salanieta Saketa, Eliaser Johnson, Sameer V Gopalani, Eliashib Edward, Charles Loney, Alize Mercier, Tebuka Toatu, Richard Wojcik, Sheri Lewis, Damian Hoy
Pohnpei State's Division of Primary Health Care implemented enhanced surveillance for early warning and detection of disease to support the 8th Micronesian Games (the Games) in July 2014. The surveillance comprised 11 point-of-care sentinel sites around Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, collecting data daily for eight syndromes using standard case definitions. Each sentinel site reported total acute care encounters, total syndrome cases and the total for each syndrome. A public health response, including epidemiological investigation and laboratory testing, followed when syndrome counts reached predetermined threshold levels...
January 2018: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664462/mass-gathering-health-considering-triggering-factors-associated-with-acute-cardiovascular-events-using-linked-registry-data
#10
Tanvir C Turin, Mohammad Al Mamun, Mohammed Almekhlafi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629388/a-survey-on-scientific-authenticity-of-health-information-in-iranian-popular-magazines-a-case-study
#11
Ourfa Hovsepyan, Firoozeh Zare Farashbandi, Gholamreza Askari, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: The content of the mass media is a suitable tool for making changes to the society. One of the most read news in the mass media is nutritional information. The goal of this study is to assess the scientific authenticity of such information published in Iranian popular magazines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a qualitative study (content analysis) and uses bibliographic approach. A researcher-designed checklist is used as data gathering tool, and the statistical population included the messages obtained from the printed material in 173 volumes of 8 Iranian popular magazines...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608982/stochastic-exposure-and-health-risk-assessment-of-rice-contamination-to-the-heavy-metals-in-the-market-of-iranshahr-iran
#12
Babak Djahed, Mahmoud Taghavi, Mehdi Farzadkia, Samira Norzaee, Mohammad Miri
An investigation of some heavy metals content in rice (Oryza sativa) and associated health risks was carried out for residents of Iranshahr city, Iran. Average daily rice consumption of the citizens and most widely used rice brands in the market of Iranshahr were determined using a questionnaire. Besides, the concentration of heavy metals in the gathered rice samples was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Monte Carlo uncertainty simulation was utilized in conducting exposure assessment and investigating the non-carcinogenic effects of the studied elements as well as the carcinogenic effect of As...
March 30, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577222/-establishment-of-comprehensive-prediction-model-of-acute-gastrointestinal-injury-classification-of-critically-ill-patients
#13
Yan Wang, Jianrong Wang, Weiwei Liu, Guangliang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To develop the comprehensive prediction model of acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) grades of critically ill patients. METHODS: From April 2015 to November 2015, the binary channel gastrointestinal sounds (GIS) monitor system which has been developed and verified by the research group was used to gather and analyze the GIS of 60 consecutive critically ill patients who were admitted in Critical Care Medicine of Chinese PLA General Hospital. Also, the AGI grades (Grande I(-IIII(, the higher the level, the heavier the gastrointestinal dysfunction) were evaluated...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565932/childhood-predictors-of-adult-adiposity-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Geraldine Fh McLeod, David M Fergusson, L John Horwood, Joseph M Boden, Frances A Carter
AIMS: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has become a key challenge for New Zealand. The purpose of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for adult adiposity in a longitudinal birth cohort. METHODS: Data were gathered from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), a birth cohort of 1,265 children born in Christchurch in 1977. Associations were examined between socio-demographic background, perinatal factors, infant and child characteristics, family functioning/child maltreatment and adiposity at ages 30 and 35 years...
March 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555221/influenza-vaccination-among-saudi-hajj-pilgrims-revealing-the-uptake-and-vaccination-barriers
#15
Mohammad Alfelali, Osamah Barasheed, Al-Mamoon Badahdah, Hamid Bokhary, Mohammed I Azeem, Turki Habeebullah, Marwan Bakarman, Atif Asghar, Robert Booy, Harunor Rashid
BACKGROUND: Hajj is the world's largest annual mass gathering that attracts two to three million Muslims from around the globe to a religious assemblage in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The risk of acquisition and transmission of influenza among Hajj pilgrims is high. Therefore, influenza vaccination is recommended, and was monitored frequently among pilgrims from different countries. However, the vaccination uptake among Saudi pilgrims has not been assessed in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aims to evaluate influenza vaccine uptake among Saudi Hajj pilgrims, and identify the key barriers to vaccination...
March 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552999/the-gillette-stadium-experience-a-retrospective-review-of-mass-gathering-events-from-2010-to-2015
#16
Scott A Goldberg, Jeremy Maggin, Michael S Molloy, Olesya Baker, Ritu Sarin, Michael Kelleher, Kevin Mont, Adedeji Fajana, Eric Goralnick
OBJECTIVE: Mass gathering events can substantially impact public safety. Analyzing patient presentation and transport rates at various mass gathering events can help inform staffing models and improve preparedness. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients seeking medical attention across a variety of event types at a single venue with a capacity of 68,756 from January 2010 through September 2015. RESULTS: We examined 232 events with a total of 8,260,349 attendees generating 8157 medical contacts...
March 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548321/andale-pittsburgh-results-of-a-promotora-led-home-based-intervention-to-promote-a-healthy-weight-in-latino-preschool-children
#17
Sharon E Taverno Ross, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Patricia I Documet, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: Latino preschool children have higher rates of obesity than preschool children from other racial/ethnic groups; however, few effective, culturally appropriate interventions exist targeting this group. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a 10-week, promotora-mediated, home-based intervention to promote a healthy weight in Latino preschool children. METHODS: Trained promotoras (community health workers) delivered 10, 90-min weekly interactive and tailored sessions to Latino families living in Allegheny County...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536131/world-s-largest-mass-bathing-event-influences-the-bacterial-communities-of-godavari-a-holy-river-of-india
#18
Kunal Jani, Dhiraj Dhotre, Jayashree Bandal, Yogesh Shouche, Mangesh Suryavanshi, Vinay Rale, Avinash Sharma
Kumbh Mela is one of the largest religious mass gathering events (MGE) involving bathing in rivers. The exponential rise in the number of devotees, from around 0.4 million in 1903 to 120 million in 2013, bathing in small specified sites can have a dramatic impact on the river ecosystem. Here, we present the spatiotemporal profiling of bacterial communities in Godavari River, Nashik, India, comprising five sites during the Kumbh Mela, held in 2015. Assessment of environmental parameters indicated deterioration of water quality...
March 13, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527995/factors-predisposing-to-the-use-of-complementary-therapies-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#19
Aydan Akyüz Özdemir, Rengin Erdal, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to gather information about complementary medicine applications used by chronic renal failure patients and their relation to demographic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1750 chronic renal disease patients who were undergoing hemodialysis, only 450 patients attended in the study. Among 450 patients, 388 gave consent and were interviewed using a previously tested questionnaire. Questions about complementary and alternative medicine use, a list of commonly used methods, and the sources of knowledge about these were asked of all patients...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455708/developing-public-health-initiatives-through-understanding-motivations-of-the-audience-at-mass-gathering-events
#20
Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Matthew Brendan Munn
This report identifies what is known about audience motivations at three different mass-gathering events: outdoor music festivals, religious events, and sporting events. In light of these motivations, the paper discusses how these can be harnessed by the event organizer and Emergency Medical Services. Lastly, motivations tell what kinds of interventions can be used to achieve an understanding of audience characteristics and the opportunity to develop tailor-made programs to maximize safety and make long-lasting public health interventions to a particular "cohort" or event population...
April 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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