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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126397/no-mers-cov-but-positive-influenza-viruses-in-returning-hajj-pilgrims-china-2013-2015
#1
Xuezheng Ma, Fang Liu, Lijuan Liu, Liping Zhang, Mingzhu Lu, Abuduzhayier Abudukadeer, Lingbing Wang, Feng Tian, Wei Zhen, Pengfei Yang, Kongxin Hu
BACKGROUND: There is global health concern that the mass movement of pilgrims to and from Mecca annually could contribute to the international spread of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). In China, about 11,000 Muslim pilgrims participate in the Hajj gathering in Mecca annually. This is the first report of MERS-CoV and respiratory virus molecular screening of returning pilgrims at points of entry in China from 2013 to 2015. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 847 returning Hajj pilgrims participated in this study...
November 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110569/beliefs-about-smoking-related-lung-cancer-risk-among-low-socioeconomic-individuals-the-role-of-smoking-experience-and-interpersonal-communication
#2
Mesfin Awoke Bekalu, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has documented that smoking prevalence is generally high among low socioeconomic groups and that tobacco industries continue to target these population groups. However, little research has investigated the beliefs of individuals with low socioeconomic position (SEP) about the association between smoking and cancer risks. In this study, we examined beliefs about smoking-related lung cancer risk and the role of smoking experience, mass media exposure and health-related interpersonal communication among a sample of low SEP population...
November 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096579/self-rated-health-as-an-indicator-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-among-working-aged-women
#3
Veera Veromaa, Hannu Kautiainen, Markus Juonala, Ansa Rantanen, Päivi E Korhonen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between self-rated health (SRH) and the American Heart Association's (AHA) concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) among female municipal employees. Studies about the association are scarce, even though AHA recommends to use SRH status surveys in clinical practice and research settings of CVH. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted in 2014. SETTING: SRH was assessed with a one-item question and the data of seven ideal CVH measurements (nonsmoking, body mass index <25...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077750/estimating-the-frequency-and-characteristics-of-respiratory-disease-outbreaks-at-mass-gatherings-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-state-and-local-health-department-assessment
#4
Argelia Figueroa, Reena K Gulati, Jeanette J Rainey
Mass gatherings create environments conducive to the transmission of infectious diseases. Thousands of mass gatherings are held annually in the United States; however, information on the frequency and characteristics of respiratory disease outbreaks and on the use of nonpharmaceutical interventions at these gatherings is scarce. We administered an online assessment to the 50 state health departments and 31 large local health departments in the United States to gather information about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring between 2009 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058969/public-health-and-the-pope-s-visit-to-philadelphia-2015
#5
James W Buehler, Jessica Caum, Steven J Alles
Pope Francis visited Philadelphia for 2 days during September 2015. Preparedness functions managed by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) were similar to those of other mass gatherings but also required accommodation of special security arrangements and the location of public events in central areas of the city. Public health planning involved collaborations with multiple city, state, and federal agencies and neighboring jurisdictions. PDPH preparations encompassed incident command procedures, contingency planning, disease surveillance and prevention, food safety, vector control, BioWatch air sampling, volunteer management for first-aid services, and continuity of operations...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037978/expected-immunizations-and-health-protection-for-hajj-and-umrah-2018-an-overview
#6
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Philippe Gautret, Ziad A Memish
BACKGROUND: The annual Hajj and Umrah are one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings across the globe drawing pilgrims from more than 185 countries. The living circumstances and activities of the pilgrims may create an environment for the occurrence and spread of communicable diseases. Each year, the Health authority of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in coordination with international health authorities, updates health requirements for pilgrims. The Hajj for 2017 took place from August 24 to September 5, 2017...
October 14, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033987/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-profile-of-female-nurses-from-government-hospitals-in-delhi-india
#7
Shipra Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nursing is a demanding profession and nurses face a considerable degree of stress at work that can adversely influence their dietary practices and nutritional status. The current study was designed to conduct a preliminary investigation of the dietary practices and nutritional profile of nurses from government hospitals in Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 80 female nurses aged between 25 and 39 years from government hospitals...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962607/association-of-informal-caregiving-with-body-mass-index-and-frequency-of-sporting-activities-evidence-of-a-population-based-study-in-germany
#8
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: While most studies focused solely on the comparison between informal caregivers and non-caregivers, little is known about the relation between caregiving time or caregiving activities and lifestyle factors. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether informal caregiving time and type of caregiving activities are associated with body mass index (BMI) and the frequency of sporting activities among informal caregivers. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were gathered from the German Ageing Survey, a nationally representative study among community-dwelling individuals aged ≥40 that includes a total of n = 1380 people who provide informal care services...
September 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961606/evaluation-of-syndromic-surveillance-systems-in-6-us-state-and-local-health-departments
#9
Mathew J Thomas, Paula W Yoon, James M Collins, Arthur J Davidson, William R Mac Kenzie
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating public health surveillance systems is critical to ensuring that conditions of public health importance are appropriately monitored. Our objectives were to qualitatively evaluate 6 state and local health departments that were early adopters of syndromic surveillance in order to (1) understand the characteristics and current uses, (2) identify the most and least useful syndromes to monitor, (3) gauge the utility for early warning and outbreak detection, and (4) assess how syndromic surveillance impacted their daily decision making...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932598/the-effects-of-socioeconomic-determinants-on-hypertension-in-a-cardiometabolic-at-risk-european-country
#10
Sarah Cuschieri, Josanne Vassallo, Neville Calleja, Nikolai Pace, Julian Mamo
BACKGROUND: A relationship has been established between socioeconomic status and hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and to explore the links between hypertension and socioeconomic factors in the adult population of Malta. METHODS: A national representative cross-sectional health examination study was performed between 2014 and 2016. Sociodemographic and medical history data was gathered by validated questionnaires while blood pressure was measured...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930004/enteric-infections-circulating-during-hajj-seasons-2011-2013
#11
Moataz Abd El Ghany, Mona Alsomali, Malak Almasri, Eriko Padron Regalado, Raeece Naeem, AbdulHafeez Tukestani, Abdullah Asiri, Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Arnab Pain, Ziad A Memish
Hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is a unique mass gathering event that raises public health concerns in the host country and globally. Although gastroenteritis and diarrhea are common among Hajj pilgrims, the microbial etiologies of these infections are unknown. We collected 544 fecal samples from pilgrims with medically attended diarrheal illness from 40 countries during the 2011-2013 Hajj seasons and screened the samples for 16 pathogens commonly associated with diarrheal infections...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#12
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859101/stakeholder-perceptions-of-communication-about-vaccination-in-two-regions-of-cameroon-a-qualitative-case-study
#13
Heather Ames, Diangha Mabel Njang, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Afiong Oku, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Angela Oyo-Ita, Awah Paschal Kum, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Understanding stakeholders' (parents', communities' and health workers') perspectives of communication about childhood vaccination, including their preferences for its format, delivery and content, is an important step towards designing better communication strategies and ensuring more informed parents. Our objectives were to explore stakeholders' views, experiences and preferences for childhood vaccination communication in Cameroon. METHODS: In 2014, in the Central and North West Regions of Cameron, we gathered qualitative data for our case study using the following methods: semi structured interviews; observations and informal conversations during routine immunization clinics and three rounds of the National Polio Immunization Campaign; document analysis of reports and mass media communications about vaccination; and a survey of parents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762442/umrah-an-opportunity-for-mass-gatherings-health-research
#14
Saber Yezli, Yara Yassin, Amnah Awam, Amaar Attar, Emad Al-Jahdali, Badriah Alotaibi
[No Abstract Available].
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729922/meningococcal-disease-outbreak-related-to-the-world-scout-jamboree-in-japan-2015
#15
Mizue Kanai, Hajime Kamiya, Alison Smith-Palmer, Hideyuki Takahashi, Yushi Hachisu, Munehisa Fukusumi, Takehito Saitoh, Makoto Ohnishi, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Tamano Matsui, Kazunori Oishi
PROBLEM: Six invasive meningococcal disease cases occurred among Scottish and Swedish nationals associated with the World Scout Jamboree (WSJ), an international mass gathering, held in Japan. The index case developed symptoms while returning home. The strains from all six cases were identical and seldom seen in Japan. CONTEXT: Over 33 000 participants from 155 countries attended WSJ. At the Jamboree site, participants of the North of Scotland's and Sweden's units camped within the same subcamp and kept the same schedule of events...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720400/viewing-an-ultra-brief-chest-compression-only-video-improves-some-measures-of-bystander-cpr-performance-and-responsiveness-at-a-mass-gathering-event
#16
Daniel L Beskind, Uwe Stolz, Rebecca Thiede, Riley Hoyer, Whitney Robertson, Jeffrey Brown, Melissa Ludgate, Timothy Tiutan, Romy Shane, Deven McMorrow, Michael Pleasants, Karl B Kern, Ashish R Panchal
BACKGROUND: CPR training at mass gathering events is an important part of health initiatives to improve cardiac arrest survival. However, it is unclear whether training lay bystanders using an ultra-brief video at a mass gathering event improves CPR quality and responsiveness. OBJECTIVE: To determine if showing a chest-compression only (CCO) Ultra-Brief Video (UBV) at a mass gathering event is effective in teaching lay bystanders CCO-CPR. METHODS: Prospective control trial in adults (age >18) who attended either a women's University of Arizona or a men's Phoenix Suns basketball game...
September 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715703/removal-mechanisms-in-aerobic-slurry-bioreactors-for-remediation-of-soils-and-sediments-polluted-with-hydrophobic-organic-compounds-an-overview
#17
REVIEW
Douglas O Pino-Herrera, Yoan Pechaud, David Huguenot, Giovanni Esposito, Eric D van Hullebusch, Mehmet A Oturan
Hydrophobic organic compound (HOC)-contaminated soils are a great environmental and public health concern nowadays. Further research is necessary to develop environmental friendly biotechnologies that allows public and private sectors to implement efficient and adaptable treatment approaches. Aerobic soil-slurry bioreactor technology has emerged as an effective and feasible technique with a high remediation potential, especially for silt and clay soil fractions, which often contain the highest pollutant concentration levels and are usually difficult to remove by implementing conventional methods...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701045/investigating-chemical-composition-and-indications-of-hydrosol-soft-drinks-aromatic-waters-used-in-persian-folk-medicine-for-women-s-hormonal-and-reproductive-health-conditions
#18
Azadeh Hamedi, Mehdi Afifi, Hamed Etemadfard
Hydrosol soft drinks in Persian nutrition culture are produced as side products of the essential oil industry to be used as safe remedies for treatment of some ailments. This study investigated hydrosols for women's hormonal health conditions. Detailed information was gathered by questionnaires. Chemical constituents of these mono- or poly-herbal hydrosols were identified after liquid/liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Hierarchical cluster and K-means analysis (SPSS software) were used to find their relevance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692391/harnessing-syndromic-surveillance-emergency-department-data-to-monitor-health-impacts-during-the-2015-special-olympics-world-games
#19
Emily Kajita, Monica Z Luarca, Han Wu, Bessie Hwang, Laurene Mascola
INTRODUCTION: Mass gatherings that attract a large international presence may cause or amplify point-source outbreaks of emerging infectious disease. The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health customized its syndromic surveillance system to detect increased syndrome-specific utilization of emergency departments (EDs) and other medical encounters coincident to the 2015 Special Olympics World Games. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried live databases containing data on ED visits, California Poison Control System calls, and Los Angeles County coroner-investigated deaths for increases in daily counts from July 19 to August 6, 2015...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668659/morbidity-and-mortality-amongst-indian-hajj-pilgrims-a-3-year-experience-of-indian-hajj-medical-mission-in-mass-gathering-medicine
#20
Inam D Khan, Shahbaz A Khan, Bushra Asima, Syed B Hussaini, M Zakiuddin, F A Faisal
The Hajj, a mass-gathering of over 3.5-million pilgrims, faces challenges to global health-security, housing, food, water, transportation, communication, sanitation, crowd-control and security. The Indian Medical Mission extended health-security to approximately 140,000 pilgrims, through outreach medical teams, primary-care clinics, tent-clinics, secondary-care hospitals and evacuation capabilities. Data on medical attendance, bed-occupancy, investigations, referrals, medication usage and deaths was compared...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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