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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908924/excess-weight-as-a-risk-factor-common-to-many-cancer-sites-words-of-caution-when-interpreting-meta-analytic-evidence
#1
Melina Arnold, Andrew G Renehan, Graham A Colditz
For over a decade, excess body weight, commonly categorized as overweight (body mass index, BMI: 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2) and obesity (BMI: ≥ 30 kg/m2) has been an established incidence risk factor for several adult cancers (1). For 2012, the burden of disease attributed to elevated BMI was estimated as nearly half-million new cancers worldwide, making this the third highest ranked cancer risk factor globally after smoking and infections (ranked second in most western populations) and an important public health problem (2, 3)...
December 1, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853041/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-the-katkari-tribe-of-coastal-maharashtra
#2
M G Deo, P V Pawar, S R Kanetkar, S V Kakade
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urban and rural India are both going through health epidemiological transition and will soon face huge burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Information on the status of NCDs in tribals is limited. Although the prevalence of hypertension in scheduled tribes (STs) has been studied in several states by the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau, tribe-specific data are very scanty. The objective of this study was to generate data on the status of hypertension and diabetes, the two objectively measurable NCDs in Katkaris, the dominant ST in the Raigad district of coastal Maharashtra...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837454/diabetes-and-hypertension-in-marshallese-adults-results-from-faith-based-health-screenings
#3
Pearl Anna McElfish, Brett Rowland, Christopher R Long, Jonell Hudson, Michelle Piel, Bill Buron, Sheldon Riklon, Williamina Ioanna Bing, T Scott Warmack
BACKGROUND: The Pacific Islander population in the USA is growing rapidly. However, research on Pacific Islanders in the USA is limited, or sometimes misleading due to aggregation with Asian Americans. This project seeks to add to the dearth of health literature by conducting a health assessment of Marshallese in northwest Arkansas. METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, nine health screening events were conducted at local Marshallese churches...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806500/assessment-of-anthropometric-indices-and-related-factors-of-secondary-school-students-in-iran-province-of-hamadan-in-2014
#4
Nahid Mohammadi, Masoud Khodaveisi, Afsar Omidi, Roya Amini, Abbass Moghimbeigi
BACKGROUND: The growth of children is a health indicator at each country and growth monitoring has a great importance. This study was done to determine the anthropometric indices of secondary school students of Hamadan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. 816 girl & boy secondary school students in Hamadan selected based on cluster random multistage sampling. We gathered data through questionnaire. The status of anthropometric indices was assessed by height, weight and body mass index and then it was compared with the NCHS standards...
July 12, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797433/anopheles-plumbeus-diptera-culicidae-in-germany-updated-geographical-distribution-and-public-health-impact-of-a-nuisance-and-vector-mosquito
#5
Eva C Heym, Helge Kampen, Marcus Fahle, Tobias L Hohenbrink, Mandy Schäfer, Dorothee E Zielke, Doreen Walther
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to map the current spatial distribution of Anopheles plumbeus in Germany, a potential vector of malaria parasites and West Nile virus. Reports of mass occurrence and nuisance connected with artificial breeding site usage by this species were analysed. METHODS: Distribution data were collected from 2011 to 2014 mainly through trapping and submissions of adult mosquito specimens to a citizen science project. In the framework of the latter, additional information was gathered on recent nuisance incidents caused by An...
October 31, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766181/enhanced-syndromic-surveillance-for-mass-gatherings-in-the-pacific-a-case-study-of-the-11th-festival-of-pacific-arts-in-solomon-islands-2012
#6
Damian Hoy, Salanieta T Saketa, Roy Roger Maraka, Alison Sio, Ian Wanyeki, Pascal Frison, Divi Ogaoga, Dennie Iniakawala, Cynthia Joshua, Sala Duituturaga, Christelle Lepers, Adam Roth, Paul White, Yvan Souares
Mass gatherings pose public health challenges to host countries, as they can cause or exacerbate disease outbreaks within the host location or elsewhere. In July 2012, the 11th Festival of Pacific Arts (FOPA), a mass gathering event involving 22 Pacific island states and territories, was hosted by Solomon Islands. An enhanced syndromic surveillance (ESS) system was implemented for the event. Throughout the capital city, Honiara, 15 sentinel sites were established and successfully took part in the ESS system, which commenced one week before the FOPA (25 June) and concluded eight days after the event (22 July)...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749544/clinical-manifestations-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-from-a-large-multicenter-study-in-colombia
#7
Mabel Bohorquez, Ruta Sahasrabudhe, Angel Criollo, María Carolina Sanabria-Salas, Alejandro Vélez, Jorge Mario Castro, Juan Ricardo Marquez, Gilbert Mateus, Fernando Bolaños, Cesar Panqueva, Jose Ignacio Restrepo, Juan Dario Puerta, Raul Murillo, María Mercedes Bravo, Gustavo Hernández, Angela Rios, Rodrigo Prieto, Ian Tomlinson, Magdalena Echeverry, Luis G Carvajal-Carmona
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health problem, and its incidence is rising in developing countries. However, studies characterizing CRC clinicopathological features in cases from developing countries are still lacking. The goal of this study was to evaluate clinicopathological and demographic features in one of the largest CRC studies in Latin America.The study involved over 1525 CRC cases recruited in a multicenter study in Colombia between 2005 and 2014 as part of ongoing genetic and epidemiological studies...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694349/using-mobile-technology-to-optimize-disease-surveillance-and-healthcare-delivery-at-mass-gatherings-a-case-study-from-india-s-kumbh-mela
#8
Dhruv S Kazi, P Gregg Greenough, Rishi Madhok, Aaron Heerboth, Ahmed Shaikh, Jennifer Leaning, Satchit Balsari
BACKGROUND: Planning for mass gatherings often includes temporary healthcare systems to address the needs of attendees. However, paper-based record keeping has traditionally precluded the timely application of collected clinical data for epidemic surveillance or optimization of healthcare delivery. We evaluated the feasibility of harnessing ubiquitous mobile technologies for conducting disease surveillance and monitoring resource utilization at the Allahabad Kumbh Mela in India, a 55-day festival attended by over 70 million people...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681852/emergency-preparedness-for-a-mass-gathering-the-2015-papal-visit-to-philadelphia
#9
Emma Paras, Matthew Butler, Brian F Maguire, Rich Scarfone
In September 2015, Pope Francis visited Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and led outdoor events over the course of 2 days. As a result, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) was faced with the challenge of planning for and responding to a mass gathering that was anticipated to be one of the largest in US history. As a result of unprecedented traffic restrictions, it was anticipated that patients, staff, and vendors would have severe challenges accessing the hospital, along with impaired communications from widespread cell phone service disruption...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649752/hajj-stampede-disaster-2015-reflections-from-the-frontlines
#10
Anas A Khan, Eric K Noji
The Hajj is an annual religious mass gathering that takes place in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The complexity of its system is multidimensional, with religious, political, cultural, security, economic, communication, operational, and logistic unique challenges. This year, yet another stampede tragedy that caused around a 1,000 deaths and severe injuries, capturing worldwide media attention and exacerbating existing political tensions across the Gulf coasts was faced. Planning is important but the planning process is more important, requiring systematic analysis based on accurate collected and targeting root cause factors...
2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648063/zika-virus-epidemiology-current-phobia-and-preparedness-for-upcoming-mass-gatherings-with-examples-from-world-olympics-and-pilgrimage
#11
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To describe Zika Virus (ZIKV) epidemiology, current phobia, and the required preparedness for its prevention during the upcoming Mass Gathering (MG) events. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, WHO, CDC, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Google, and Cochrane library were extensively searched for ZIKV. Articles were reviewed, scrutinized and critically appraised and the most relevant articles were utilized. RESULTS: ZIKV is an emerging Flavivirus which was first isolated from Uganda in 1947...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641930/an-observational-study-using-english-syndromic-surveillance-data-collected-during-the-2012-london-olympics-what-did-syndromic-surveillance-show-and-what-can-we-learn-for-future-mass-gathering-events
#12
Dan Todkill, Helen E Hughes, Alex J Elliot, Roger A Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Sally Harcourt, Tom Hughes, Tina Endericks, Brian McCloskey, Mike Catchpole, Sue Ibbotson, Gillian Smith
: Introduction In preparation for the London 2012 Olympic Games, existing syndromic surveillance systems operating in England were expanded to include daily general practitioner (GP) out-of-hours (OOH) contacts and emergency department (ED) attendances at sentinel sites (the GP OOH and ED syndromic surveillance systems: GPOOHS and EDSSS). Hypothesis/Problem The further development of syndromic surveillance systems in time for the London 2012 Olympic Games provided a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a large mass-gathering event on public health and health services as monitored in near real-time by syndromic surveillance of GP OOH contacts and ED attendances...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613753/a-practical-approach-to-events-medicine-provision
#13
Susan P Smith, Joseph F Cosgrove, Peter J Driscoll, Andrew Smith, John Butler, Peter Goode, Carl Waldmann, Christopher J Vallis, Fiona Topham, Michael Monty Mythen
In the past three decades, mass casualty incidents have occurred worldwide at multiple sporting events and other mass gatherings. Organisational safety and healthcare provision can consequently be scrutinised post-event. Within the UK, such incidents in the 1980s provided incentives to improve medical services and subsequent high profile UK-based international sporting events (London Olympics and Paralympics 2012, Glasgow Commonwealth Games 2014, Rugby World Cup 2015) added a further catalyst for developing services...
September 9, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609523/public-health-aspects-of-the-world-s-largest-mass-gathering-the-2013-kumbh-mela-in-allahabad-india
#14
Satchit Balsari, P Gregg Greenough, Dhruv Kazi, Aaron Heerboth, Shraddha Dwivedi, Jennifer Leaning
India's Kumbh Mela remains the world's largest and longest mass gathering. The 2013 event, where participants undertook a ritual bath, hosted over 70 million Hindu pilgrims during 55 days on a 1936 hectare flood plain at the confluence of the Yamuna and Ganga Rivers. On the holiest bathing days, the population surged. Unlike other religious, cultural, and sports mass gatherings, the Kumbh Mela's administration cannot estimate or limit the participant number. The event created serious and uncommon public health challenges: initiating crowd safety measures where population density and mobility directly contact flowing bodies of water; providing water, sanitation, and hygiene to a population that frequently defecates in the open; and establishing disease surveillance and resource use measures within a temporary health delivery system...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604081/infectious-diseases-epidemic-threats-and-mass-gatherings-refocusing-global-attention-on-the-continuing-spread-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov
#15
EDITORIAL
Alimuddin Zumla, Abdulaziz N Alagaili, Matthew Cotten, Esam I Azhar
Media and World Health Organization (WHO) attention on Zika virus transmission at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games and the 2015 Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa diverted the attention of global public health authorities from other lethal infectious diseases with epidemic potential. Mass gatherings such as the annual Hajj pilgrimage hosted by Kingdom of Saudi Arabia attract huge crowds from all continents, creating high-risk conditions for the rapid global spread of infectious diseases. The highly lethal Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) remains in the WHO list of top emerging diseases likely to cause major epidemics...
2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580322/public-health-emergency-operations-center-a-critical-component-of-mass-gatherings-management-infrastructure
#16
Habidah Elachola, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Abdulhafiz Turkestani, Ziad A Memish
Mass gatherings (MG) are characterized by the influx of large numbers of people with the need to have infrastructural changes to support these gatherings. Thus, Public Health Emergency Operations Center (PHEOC) is critical management infrastructure for both the delivery of public health functions and for mounting adequate response during emergencies. The recognition of the importance of PHEOC at the leadership and political level is foundational for the success of any public health intervention during MG. The ability of the PHEOC to effectively function depends on appropriate design and infrastructure, staffing and command structure, and plans and procedures developed prior to the event...
2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562347/high-mobility-low-access-thwarts-interventions-among-seasonal-workers-in-the-greater-mekong-sub-region-lessons-from-the-malaria-containment-project
#17
Sara E Canavati, Cesia E Quintero, Harriet L S Lawford, Sovann Yok, Dysoley Lek, Jack S Richards, Maxine Anne Whittaker
BACKGROUND: During the process of malaria elimination in the Greater Mekong Sub-region, mobile and migrant populations (MMPs) have been identified as the most at-risk demographic. An important sub-group of MMPs are seasonal workers, and this paper presents an evaluation of the reach and effectiveness of interventions tailored towards this group and was carried out as part of the Containment Project from 2009-11. METHODS: A mixed-methods study was conducted in Pailin Province in Western Cambodia...
2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559845/a-career-in-a-kingdom-journeys-in-infection-mass-gathering-medicine-and-public-health-diplomacy
#18
Ziad Memish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536770/mass-gatherings-and-respiratory-disease-outbreaks-in-the-united-states-should-we-be-worried-results-from-a-systematic-literature-review-and-analysis-of-the-national-outbreak-reporting-system
#19
Jeanette J Rainey, Tiffani Phelps, Jianrong Shi
BACKGROUND: Because mass gatherings create environments conducive for infectious disease transmission, public health officials may recommend postponing or canceling large gatherings during a moderate or severe pandemic. Despite these recommendations, limited empirical information exists on the frequency and characteristics of mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review to identify articles about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring in the United States from 2005 to 2014...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499102/-medtris-medical-triage-and-registration-informatics-system-a-web-based-client-server-system-for-the-registration-of-patients-being-treated-in-first-aid-posts-at-public-events-and-mass-gatherings
#20
Stefan Gogaert, Axel Vande Veegaete, Annelies Scholliers, Philippe Vandekerckhove
First aid (FA) services are provisioned on-site as a preventive measure at most public events. In Flanders, Belgium, the Belgian Red Cross-Flanders (BRCF) is the major provider of these FA services with volunteers being deployed at approximately 10,000 public events annually. The BRCF has systematically registered information on the patients being treated in FA posts at major events and mass gatherings during the last 10 years. This information has been collected in a web-based client server system called "MedTRIS" (Medical Triage and Registration Informatics System)...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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