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Mass gathering medicine

Sheila A Turris, Michael Camporese, Samuel J Gutman, Adam Lund
Turris SA , Camporese M , Gutman SJ , Lund A . Mass-gathering medicine: risks and patient presentations at a 2-day electronic dance music event - year two. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(6):1-2.
September 20, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Susan P Smith, Joseph F Cosgrove, Peter J Driscoll, Andrew Smith, John Butler, Peter Goode, Carl Waldmann, Christopher J Vallis, Fiona Topham, Michael Monty Mythen
In the past three decades, mass casualty incidents have occurred worldwide at multiple sporting events and other mass gatherings. Organisational safety and healthcare provision can consequently be scrutinised post-event. Within the UK, such incidents in the 1980s provided incentives to improve medical services and subsequent high profile UK-based international sporting events (London Olympics and Paralympics 2012, Glasgow Commonwealth Games 2014, Rugby World Cup 2015) added a further catalyst for developing services...
September 9, 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Ziad Memish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Tony Chevalier, Philippe Lefèvre, Jan Pieter Clarys, Jean-Pol Beauthier
Different practices in paleoanthropology and legal medicine raise questions concerning the robustness of body mass (BM) prediction. Integrating personal identification from body mass estimation with skeleton is not a classic approach in legal medicine. The originality of our study is the use of an elderly sample in order to push prediction methods to their limits and to discuss about implications in paleoanthropology and legal medicine. The aim is to observe the accuracy of BM prediction in relation to the body mass index (BMI, index of classification) using five femoral head (FH) methods and one shaft (FSH) method...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Bader Hamza Shirah, Syed Husham Zafar, Olayan Ali Alferaidi, Abdul Momin Muhammad Sabir
The planned annual Hajj to the holy shrines in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, is recognized as one of the largest recurring religious mass gatherings globally, and the outbreak of infectious diseases is of major concern. We aim to study the incidence, etiology, risk factors, length of hospital stay, and mortality rate of pneumonia amongst pilgrims admitted to Al-Ansar general hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia during the Hajj period of December 2004-November 2013. A retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed and admitted as pneumonia was done...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Malinda Steenkamp, Alison E Hutton, Jamie C Ranse, Adam Lund, Sheila A Turris, Ron Bowles, Katherine Arbuthnott, Paul A Arbon
Introduction The science underpinning mass-gathering health (MGH) is developing rapidly. However, MGH terminology and concepts are not yet well defined or used consistently. These variations can complicate comparisons across settings. There is, therefore, a need to develop consensus and standardize concepts and data points to support the development of a robust MGH evidence-base for governments, event planners, responders, and researchers. This project explored the views and sought consensus of international MGH experts on previously published concepts around MGH to inform the development of a transnational minimum data set (MDS) with an accompanying data dictionary (DD)...
August 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Richard M Caprioli
Imaging mass spectrometry provides a powerful tool for monitoring and discovery of molecular processes in the spatial domain in tissues for research and practical applications in both biology and medicine. This technology directly measures molecular compounds in tissues without the use of target-specific reagents such as antibodies, is applicable to a wide variety of analytes, and can provide spatial resolutions below the single cell level. Importantly, it has paradigm shifting capabilities in clinical applications, especially for anatomic pathology...
June 2016: Proteomics
K Asish, Varun Suresh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tertiary care teaching hospitals remain referral centres for victims of trauma and mass casualty. Often specialists from various disciplines manage these crowded casualty areas. These age old casualty areas are being replaced, throughout the country by Emergency Medicine Departments (EMDs), presumed to be better planned to confront a crisis. We aimed to gather basic data contributive in setting up of an EMD at a tertiary care teaching hospital from the lessons learned from functioning existent systems...
February 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Chandan Kumar, Neena Shetake, Sejal Desai, Amit Kumar, Grace Samuel, Badri N Pandey
PURPOSE: Radionuclide therapy (RNT) is a rapidly growing area of clinical nuclear medicine, wherein radionuclides are employed to deliver cytotoxic dose of radiation to the diseased cells/tissues. During RNT, radionuclides are either directly administered or delivered through biomolecules targeting the diseased site. RNT has been clinically used for diverse range of diseases including cancer, which is the focus of the review. CONCLUSIONS: The major emphasis in RNT has so far been given towards developing peptides/antibodies and other molecules to conjugate a variety of therapeutic radioisotopes for improved targeting/delivery of radiation dose to the tumor cells...
2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Alimuddin Zumla, Abdulaziz Bin Saeed, Badriah Alotaibi, Saber Yezli, Osman Dar, Kingsley Bieh, Matthew Bates, Tamara Tayeb, Peter Mwaba, Shuja Shafi, Brian McCloskey, Eskild Petersen, Esam I Azhar
Tuberculosis (TB) is now the most common infectious cause of death worldwide. In 2014, an estimated 9.6 million people developed active TB. There were an estimated three million people with active TB including 360000 with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) who were not diagnosed, and such people continue to fuel TB transmission in the community. Accurate data on the actual burden of TB and the transmission risk associated with mass gatherings are scarce and unreliable due to the small numbers studied and methodological issues...
June 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Sheila A Turris, Malinda Steenkamp, Adam Lund, Alison Hutton, Jamie Ranse, Ron Bowles, Katherine Arbuthnott, Olga Anikeeva, Paul Arbon
Mass gatherings (MGs) occur worldwide on any given day, yet mass-gathering health (MGH) is a relatively new field of scientific inquiry. As the science underpinning the study of MGH continues to develop, there will be increasing opportunities to improve health and safety of those attending events. The emerging body of MG literature demonstrates considerable variation in the collection and reporting of data. This complicates comparison across settings and limits the value and utility of these reported data. Standardization of data points and/or reporting in relation to events would aid in creating a robust evidence base from which governments, researchers, clinicians, and event planners could benefit...
April 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
H Castillo, I S Santos, A Matijasevich
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aims were to investigate the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with breastfeeding (BF) duration and BF pattern at 3 months of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 4231 children who were enrolled at birth and were followed-up at 3, 12, 24 and 48 months of age to gather information on maternal and offspring characteristics including BF patterns and BF duration...
April 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Samuel Locoh-Donou, Guofen Yan, Thomas Berry, Robert O'Connor, Mark Sochor, Nathan Charlton, William Brady
This study was conducted to identify the event characteristics of mass gatherings that predict patient presentation rates held in a southeastern US university community. We conducted a retrospective review of all event-based emergency medical services (EMS) records from mass gathering patient presentations over an approximate 23 month period, from October 24, 2009 to August 27, 2011. All patrons seen by EMS were included. Event characteristics included: crowd size, venue percentage filled seating, venue location (inside/outside), venue boundaries (bounded/unbounded), presence of free water (i...
August 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Bersabeh Sile, Hamish Mohammed, Paul Crook, Gwenda Hughes, Catherine Mercer, Jackie Cassel, Katherine Coyne, Anna Hartley, Victoria Hall, Gary Brook
BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings and large sporting events, such as the Olympics, may potentially pose a risk of increased sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission and increase burden on local STI services. The objectives of this analysis were to assess whether the STI profile of Olympic visitors differed from that of the local STI clinic population and to investigate what impact these visitors had on local STI services. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires (completed by 29,292 patients) were used to determine the visitor status of patients attending 20 STI clinics, between July 20, 2012, and September 16, 2012, in the host cities, London and Weymouth...
December 2015: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
F Bozzetti, P Cotogni, S Lo Vullo, L Pironi, D Giardiello, L Mariani
BACKGROUND: The use of home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in incurable cancer patients is extremely varied across different countries and institutions. In order to assess the clinical impact implied, we previously conducted a survey of incurable cancer patients receiving HPN, which shows that survival was markedly affected by Karnofsky performance status (KPS), tumor spread, Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) and tumor site. The aim of this study was to develop a nomogram incorporating the above factors for survival prediction...
November 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Brian Schwartz, Sarah Nafziger, Andrew Milsten, Jeffrey Luk, Arthur Yancey
Mass gatherings are heterogeneous in terms of size, duration, type of event, crowd behavior, demographics of the participants and spectators, use of recreational substances, weather, and environment. The goals of health and medical services should be the provision of care for participants and spectators consistent with local standards of care, protection of continuing medical service to the populations surrounding the event venue, and preparation for surge to respond to extraordinary events. Pre-event planning among jurisdictional public health and EMS, acute care hospitals, and event EMS is essential, but should also include, at a minimum, event security services, public relations, facility maintenance, communications technicians, and the event planners and organizers...
2015: Prehospital Emergency Care
Nick Hopkins, Stephen Reicher
Mass gatherings bring large numbers of people into physical proximity. Typically, this physical proximity has been assumed to contribute to ill health (e.g., through being stressful, facilitating infection transmission, etc.). In this paper, we add a new dimension to the emerging field of mass gatherings medicine. Drawing on psychological research concerning group processes, we consider the psychological transformations that occur when people become part of a crowd. We then consider how these transformations may have various consequences for health and well-being...
June 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Steven M Colegate, Michael Boppré, Julio Monzón, Joseph M Betz
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Asmachilca is a Peruvian medicinal herb preparation ostensibly derived from Aristeguietia gayana (Wedd.) R.M. King & H. Rob. (Asteraceae: Eupatorieae). Decoctions of the plant have a reported bronchodilation effect that is purported to be useful in the treatment of respiratory allergies, common cold and bronchial asthma. However, its attractiveness to pyrrolizidine alkaloid-pharmacophagous insects indicated a potential for toxicity for human consumers. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine if commercial asmachilca samples, including fully processed herbal teas, contain potentially toxic 1,2-dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloids...
August 22, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Marissa S Vasquez, Michael K Fong, Leena J Patel, Brian Kurose, John Tierney, Imani Gardner, Arash Yazdani-Arazi, John K Su
Mass gathering events that involve special populations have challenges that require unique medical planning. The key to a successful mass event is in the preparation, planning, and communication. Concerns in communication such as language barriers, age of participants, and intellectual disability should be addressed early in the planning. In the event of a mass casualty disaster, there should be a clear chain of command and escalation policy. The primary concern of the sports medicine team is to ensure safety for the participation of an athlete...
May 2015: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Adam Lund, Sheila A Turris
INTRODUCTION: Music festivals, including electronic dance music events (EDMEs), increasingly are common in Canada and internationally. Part of a US $4.5 billion industry annually, the target audience is youth and young adults aged 15-25 years. Little is known about the impact of these events on local emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Drawing on prospective data over a 2-day EDME, the authors of this study employed mixed methods to describe the case mix and prospectively compared patient presentation rate (PPR) and ambulance transfer rate (ATR) between a first aid (FA) only and a higher level of care (HLC) model...
June 2015: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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