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Intermediate monocyte

Laura Tarancon-Diez, Rebeca S De Pablo-Bernal, José Luis Jiménez, Ana I Álvarez-Ríos, Miguel Genebat, Isaac Rosado-Sánchez, María-Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Ezequiel Ruiz-Mateos, Manuel Leal
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the main causes of morbimortality in HIV-infected patients on suppressive antiretroviral therapy. The objective of this work was to evaluate the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and CVDs occurrence in HIV-infected patients. Additionally, the functional consequences of carrying these SNPs were analyzed. METHODS: The association of TLR4 SNPs, Asp299Gly/Thr399Ile with CVDs occurrence was analyzed using multivariate logistic regression models...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
Beiqing Wu, Jianhui Liu, Runze Zhao, Yuju Li, Justin Peer, Alexander L Braun, Lixia Zhao, Yi Wang, Zenghan Tong, Yunlong Huang, Jialin C Zheng
BACKGROUND: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are important in the intercellular communication of the central nervous system, and their release is increased during neuroinflammation. Our previous data demonstrated an increased release of EVs during HIV-1 infection and immune activation in glial cells. However, the molecular mechanism by which infection and inflammation increase EV release remains unknown. In the current study, we investigated the role of glutaminase 1 (GLS1)-mediated glutaminolysis and the production of a key metabolic intermediate α-ketoglutarate on EV release...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Asad Nawaz, Allah Bakhsh Javaid, Sana Irshad, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Hanguo Xiong
The gut immune system is, the main option for maintaining host's health, affected by numerous factors comprising dietary constituents and commensal bacteria. These dietary components that affect the intestinal immunity and considered as an alternative of antibiotics are called immunosaccharides. Fructooligosaccharide (FOS), Galactooligosaccharide (GOS), inulin, dietary carbohydrates, and xylooligosaccharide (XOS) are among the most studied prebiotics in human as well as in aquaculture. Although prebiotics and probiotics have revealed potential as treatment for numerous illnesses in both human and fish, a comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanism behind direct and indirect effect on the intestinal immune response will help more and perhaps extra effective therapy intended for ailments...
March 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Eanna P Connaughton, Serika Naicker, Shirley A Hanley, Stephanie M Slevin, John K Eykelenboom, Noel F Lowndes, Timothy O'Brien, Rhodri Ceredig, Matthew D Griffin, Michael C Dennedy
Human blood monocytes are sub-classified as classical, intermediate and non-classical. In this study, it was shown that conventionally-defined human intermediate monocytes (IM) can be divided into two distinct subpopulations with mid- and high-level surface expression of HLA-DR (referred to as DRmid and DRhi IM). These IM subpopulations were phenotypically and functionally characterized in healthy adult blood by flow cytometry, migration assays and lipoprotein uptake assays. Their absolute numbers and proportions were then compared in blood samples from obese and non-obese adults...
March 5, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Violette Dirix, Véronique Corbière, Chloé Wyndham-Thomas, Elodie Selis, Sabine Allard, Maya Hites, Laetitia Aerts, Thomas Giese, Françoise Mascart
BACKGROUND: The immune mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of tuberculosis (TB) need better understanding to improve TB management, as the disease still causes more than 1.5 million deaths annually. This study tested the hypothesis that a modulation of the proportions or activation status of APC during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection may impact on the course of the disease. PROCEDURE: Proportions of circulating APC subsets and the expression of stimulatory (CD86), inhibitory (ILT-3, ILT-4, ILT-7), or apoptosis-inducing (PDL-1, PDL-2) molecules were analyzed in 2 independent cohorts, on blood monocytes and dendritic cell (DC) subsets from patients with active or latent TB infection (aTB /LTBI) and from uninfected subjects...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Guillaume Hoeffel, Florent Ginhoux
Tissue-resident macrophages have pivotal functions for tissue defense and homeostasis. Two main discoveries have changed our current understanding of macrophage development: Their embryonic origin and their ability to self-renew throughout the lifespan. It is now well accepted that most tissue-resident macrophages are long-lived cells derived from a transient hematopoietic wave of erythro-myeloid progenitors (EMPs) emerging in the yolk sac. At least two distinct pathways derived from EMPs have been implicated in macrophage development...
January 12, 2018: Cellular Immunology
Jennifer A Manuzak, Toni M Gott, Jay S Kirkwood, Ernesto Coronado, Tiffany Hensley-McBain, Charlene Miller, Ryan K Cheu, Ann C Collier, Nicholas T Funderburg, Jeffery N Martin, Michael C Wu, Nina Isoherranen, Peter W Hunt, Nichole R Klatt
Background: Cannabis is a widely used drug in the United States, and the frequency of cannabis use in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population is disproportionately high. Previous human and macaque studies suggest that cannabis may have an impact on plasma viral load; however, the relationship between cannabis use and HIV-associated systemic inflammation and immune activation has not been well defined. Methods: The impact of cannabis use on peripheral immune cell frequency, activation, and function was assessed in 198 HIV-infected, antiretroviral-treated individuals by flow cytometry...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Qiping Chen, Joyce Siong-See Lee, Weiting Michelle Liang, Mei Fung Chan, Ramón M Pujol, Requena Luis, Suat Hoon Tan
Indeterminate cell histiocytosis (ICH) is an extremely rare cutaneous neoplastic disorder. It has the immunophenotypic features of both Langerhans and non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. We report here a case of a healthy young Chinese woman who presented with disfiguring thick, infiltrated cutaneous nodules on the face, trunk and extremities which appeared progressively over a period of 4 years. No systemic involvement has been detected so far. Results of a skin biopsy showed diffuse dermal infiltration of histiocytoid cells with indented nuclei and positive staining for S100 and CD1a and negativity for CD207 (langerin)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Masako Tsukamoto, Katsuya Suzuki, Noriyuki Seta, Tsutomi Takeuchi
OBJECTIVES: Although circulating CD14brightCD16+ monocyte subsets are increased in inflammatory disease, the pathogenesis of the increase in the inflammatory condition of the cells is still unclear and the relationship to cytokines is unknown particularly in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence anti-cytokine treatment has on CD14brightCD16+ monocytes in patients with RA. METHODS: Thirty-two RA patients and 14 healthy volunteers (HV) were enrolled in this study...
January 31, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Iris Teubel, Elena Elchinova, Santiago Roura, Marco A Fernández, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Pedro Moliner, Marta de Antonio, Josep Lupón, Antoni Bayés-Genís
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional investigations report shorter telomeres in patients with heart failure (HF); however, no studies describe telomere length (TL) trajectory and its relationship with HF progression. Here we aimed to investigate telomere shortening over time and its relationship to outcomes. METHODS: Our study cohort included 101 ambulatory patients with HF. Blood samples were collected at baseline (n = 101) and at the 1-year follow-up (n = 54). Using flow-FISH analysis of circulating monocytes, we simultaneously measured three monocyte subsets-classical (CD14++ CD16- ), intermediate (CD14++ CD16+ ), and nonclassical (CD14+ CD16++ )-and their respective TLs based on FITC-labeled PNA probe hybridization...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Siew-Min Ong, Eva Hadadi, Truong-Minh Dang, Wei-Hseun Yeap, Crystal Tze-Ying Tan, Tze-Pin Ng, Anis Larbi, Siew-Cheng Wong
Human primary monocytes comprise a heterogeneous population that can be classified into three subsets based on CD14 and CD16 expression: classical (CD14 high /CD16 - ), intermediate (CD14 high /CD16 + ), and non-classical (CD14 low /CD16 + ). The non-classical monocytes are the most pro-inflammatory in response to TLR stimulation in vitro, yet they express a remarkably high basal level of miR-146a, a microRNA known to negatively regulate the TLR pathway. This concurrence of a pro-inflammatory status and a high miR-146a level has been associated with cellular senescence in other cell types...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Longgen Liu, Jianchun Lu, Chunyan Ye, Lin Lin, Shuqin Zheng, Hongyu Zhang, Qing Lan, Yuan Xue
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a syndrome with a high rate of short-term mortality, and clinically it is important to identify patients at high risk of mortality. The present study evaluated the value of osteopontin (OPN) in the prediction of 90-day mortality in patients with ACLF. A total of 54 patients with HBV-associated ACLF were enrolled, and serum OPN levels were determined in a prospective, observational study design. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to analyze independent risk factors of mortality...
February 2018: Biomedical Reports
Takaaki Konuma, Chisato Kohara, Eri Watanabe, Motoko Mizukami, Etsuko Nagai, Susumu Tanoue, Masamichi Isobe, Koji Jimbo, Seiko Kato, Nobuhiro Ohno, Satoshi Takahashi, Arinobu Tojo
BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are effective agents in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemia. However, vascular events have developed in some patients receiving each TKI. The perturbation of circulating monocyte subsets and their expressions of chemokine and scavenger receptors are associated with the development of cardiovascular events. Here, we examined the subsets of circulating monocytes and their phenotypes in 51 patients treated with imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib, and 11 healthy subjects in our institute...
February 12, 2018: Hematological Oncology
Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Naofumi Yoshida, Toshiro Shinke, Hiromasa Otake, Masaru Kuroda, Kazuhiko Sakaguchi, Yushi Hirota, Takayoshi Toba, Hachidai Takahashi, Daisuke Terashita, Kenzo Uzu, Natsuko Tahara, Yuto Shinkura, Kouji Kuroda, Yoshinori Nagasawa, Yuichiro Nagano, Yoshiro Tsukiyama, Ken-Ichi Yanaka, Takuo Emoto, Naoto Sasaki, Tomoya Yamashita, Wataru Ogawa, Ken-Ichi Hirata
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study examined the impact of CD14++CD16+ monocytes on coronary plaque vulnerability, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), and investigated their association with daily glucose fluctuation. Although increased CD14++CD16+ monocyte levels have been reported to increase cardiovascular events, their impact on coronary plaque vulnerability in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with or without diabetes mellitus (DM) remains unclear. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 50 consecutive patients with CAD, receiving lipid-lowering therapy and undergoing coronary angiography and OCT...
January 17, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Tom T P Seijkens, Claudia M van Tiel, Pascal J H Kusters, Dorothee Atzler, Oliver Soehnlein, Barbara Zarzycka, Suzanne A B M Aarts, Marnix Lameijer, Marion J Gijbels, Linda Beckers, Myrthe den Toom, Bram Slütter, Johan Kuiper, Johan Duchene, Maria Aslani, Remco T A Megens, Cornelis van 't Veer, Gijs Kooij, Roy Schrijver, Marten A Hoeksema, Louis Boon, Francois Fay, Jun Tang, Samantha Baxter, Aldo Jongejan, Perry D Moerland, Gert Vriend, Boris Bleijlevens, Edward A Fisher, Raphael Duivenvoorden, Norbert Gerdes, Menno P J de Winther, Gerry A Nicolaes, Willem J M Mulder, Christian Weber, Esther Lutgens
BACKGROUND: Disrupting the costimulatory CD40-CD40L dyad reduces atherosclerosis, but can result in immune suppression. The authors recently identified small molecule inhibitors that block the interaction between CD40 and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 6 (TRAF-STOPs), while leaving CD40-TRAF2/3/5 interactions intact, thereby preserving CD40-mediated immunity. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the potential of TRAF-STOP treatment in atherosclerosis...
February 6, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Víctor Segura, M Luz Valero, Laura Cantero, Javier Muñoz, Eduardo Zarzuela, Fernando García, Kerman Aloria, Javier Beaskoetxea, Jesús M Arizmendi, Rosana Navajas, Alberto Paradela, Paula Díez, Rosa Mª Dégano, Manuel Fuentes, Alberto Orfao, Andrés García Montero, Alba Garin-Muga, Fernando J Corrales, Manuel M Sánchez Del Pino
Monocytes are bone marrow-derived leukocytes that are part of the innate immune system. Monocytes are divided into three subsets: classical, intermediate and non-classical, which can be differentiated by their expression of some surface antigens, mainly CD14 and CD16. These cells are key players in the inflammation process underlying the mechanism of many diseases. Thus, the molecular characterization of these cells may provide very useful information for understanding their biology in health and disease. We performed a multicentric proteomic study with pure classical and non-classical populations derived from 12 healthy donors...
February 5, 2018: Proteomes
Yao Cui, Pei Shi
OBJECTIVE: To study the value of absolute lymphocyte count/absolute monocyte count (ALC/AMC) and its effect on prognosis in patients with primary follicular lymphoma treated with rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy. METHODS: Seventy patients with primary follicular lymphomawere in our hospital were treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy, the ALC/AMC value of peripheral blood was recorded, and the prognosis was assessed by the international prognostic index...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Chuyen Thi Hong Nguyen, Naotomo Kambe, Fumikazu Yamazaki, Ikuko Ueda-Hayakawa, Izumi Kishimoto, Hiroyuki Okamoto
BACKGROUND: The number of intermediate monocytes (CD14++CD16+) increases in many inflammatory conditions. However, it is not yet known which functional markers expressed by these populations are linked to the pathogenesis of psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the expression of functional markers on circulating intermediate monocytes. Our goal was to correlate specific populations and their markers with the clinical severity of psoriasis. METHODS: A cohort of 43 psoriatic patients was subjected to analysis...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Christopher B Toomey, Michael Landowski, Mikael Klingeborn, Una Kelly, John Deans, Holly Dong, Ons Harrabi, Thomas Van Blarcom, Yik Andy Yeung, Ruslan Grishanin, John C Lin, Daniel R Saban, Catherine Bowes Rickman
Purpose: A large body of evidence supports a central role for complement activation in the pathobiology of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), including plasma complement component 5a (C5a). Interestingly, C5a is a chemotactic agent for monocytes, a cell type also shown to contribute to AMD. However, the role monocytes play in the pathogenesis of "dry" AMD and the pharmacologic potential of targeting C5a to regulate these cells are unclear. We addressed these questions via C5a blockade in a unique model of early/intermediate dry AMD and large panel flow cytometry to immunophenotype monocytic involvement...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
David B Meya, Samuel Okurut, Godfrey Zziwa, Stephen Cose, Paul R Bohjanen, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses Joloba, David R Boulware, Carol Yukari Manabe, Sharon Wahl, Edward N Janoff
A third of adults with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis (CM) develop immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) after initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is thought to result from exaggerated inflammatory antigen-specific T cell responses. The contribution of monocytes to the immunopathogenesis of cryptococcal IRIS remains unclear. We compared monocyte subset frequencies and immune responses in HIV-infected Ugandans at time of CM diagnosis (IRIS-Baseline) for those who later developed CM-IRIS, controls who did not develop CM-IRIS (Control-Baseline) at CM-IRIS (IRIS-Event), and for controls at a time point matched for ART duration (Control-Event) to understand the association of monocyte distribution and immune responses with cryptococcal IRIS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
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