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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017672/surgical-outcome-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-pancreatic-and-periampullary-neoplasms
#1
Muhammad Fahd Shah, Muhammad Taqi Pirzada, Irfan Ul Islam Nasir, Awais Amjad Malik, Umer Farooq, Abdul Wahid Anwer, Shahid Khattak, Muhammad Aasim Yusuf, Amir Ali Syed, Faisal Hanif
OBJECTIVE: To report the results in the surgical treatment of pancreatic and periampullary neoplasms with emphasis on surgical technique, short-term postoperative outcome and the lessons learnt. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: This study was carried out at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore, from October 2014 to May 2016. METHODOLOGY: Patients undergoing surgical treatment of pancreatic and periampullary neoplasms were selected...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983577/early-experience-with-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-surgery-in-singapore-single-institution-experience-with-20-consecutive-patients
#2
Brian Kp Goh, Ser-Yee Lee, Chung-Yip Chan, Jen-San Wong, Peng-Chung Cheow, Alexander Yf Chung, London Lpj Ooi
INTRODUCTION: Presently, experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) hepatobiliary and pancreatic (HPB) surgery remains limited worldwide. In this study, we report our early experience with RAL HPB surgery in Singapore. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of the first 20 consecutive patients who underwent RAL HPB surgery at a single institution over a 34-month period from February 2013 to November 2015. The 20 cases were performed by three principal surgeons, of which 17 (85...
October 6, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980499/the-occurrence-of-enterococcus-faecium-and-faecalis-is-significantly-associated-with-anastomotic-leakage-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#3
M Belmouhand, P S Krohn, L B Svendsen, A Henriksen, C P Hansen, M P Achiam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Enterococcus has emerged as a virulent species; Enterococcus faecium especially has arisen as a source of nosocomial infections. Furthermore, specific Enterococcus faecalis species are significantly associated with anastomotic leakage in rodent studies. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the occurrence of Enterococci ( E. faecium and E. faecalis) obtained from drain samples was associated with leakage in humans undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975996/laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-tumors-of-the-head-of-pancreas-10-cases-for-a-single-center-experience
#4
F Caruso, G Alessandri, G Cesana, G Castello, M Uccelli, F Ciccarese, R Giorgi, R Villa, B Scotto, S Olmi
OBJECTIVE: The tumors of the head of the pancreas are one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in Western countries. The current gold standard for these tumors is a Whipple procedure. This procedure did not change in its surgical steps since when it was initially introduced in 1935. More recently, a laparoscopic approach with similar outcomes has been described. The aim of this paper is to describe the laparoscopic surgical technique performed in our unit, reporting single center postoperative outcomes...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975886/intra-corporeal-anastomosis-in-laparoscopic-surgery-for-benign-colorectal-disease
#5
Jacob Antonsen, Rogini Balachandran, Finn Stigsen Holm, Ismail Gögenur
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have described the benefits of performing bowel resections for benign and malignant diseases as a total laparoscopic procedure with intra-corporeal anastomosis. We describe our preliminary experience with total laparoscopic surgery for benign lower gastrointestinal diseases. METHODS: All patients (n = 32) who had received elective bowel surgery with intra-corporeal anastomosis for benign diseases between November 2013 and August 2015 were included in this retrospective study...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959126/initial-results-of-robotic-surgery-for-primary-lung-cancer-feasibility-safety-and-learning-curve
#6
Yuji Taniguchi, Hiroshige Nakamura, Ken Miwa, Tomohiro Haruki, Kunio Araki, Yuzo Takagi, Makoto Wakahara, Yohei Yurugi, Yasuaki Kubouchi, Takashi Ohno, Yoshiteru Kidokoro, Wakako Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: At the end of 2016, robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS) was still not covered by Japanese national health insurance. Therefore, few institutions in Japan perform RATS and even fewer have reported procedures as they occurred earlier. So, we decided to focus on the initial results of RATS for primary lung cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 44 patients who underwent RATS for primary lung cancer from January 2011 to August 2016. After mastering the initial procedure, we introduced a completely portal robotic pulmonary resection procedure using a carbon dioxide insufflation system...
September 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952703/-complications-of-contact-ureteral-lithotripsy
#7
E A Mamedov, V V Dutov, V V Bazaev
Shows the current real time terminology and variants of systematization and grading of complications of contact ureteral lithotripsy (CULT). Research papers related to complications of CULT published over the last three decades were analyzed. Currently there is no clear terminology, classification, systematization and grading of CULT complications. The terms used are deficient because they do not adequately characterize specific complications of CULT. For example, some researchers define a complete ureteral avulsion as a defect at two levels, but others interpret it as a defect of the ureter at only one level...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947401/non-traumatic-acute-peritonitis-in-children-causes-and-prognosis-in-226%C3%A2-patients-at-the-national-hospital-of-zinder-niger
#8
H Adamou, O Habou, I Amadou-Magagi, M Doutchi, M Amadou, M Halidou
To report etiological and prognostic characteristics of acute peritonitis in children. This retrospective study reviewed the records for a 30-month period (January 2013-June 2015) at Zinder National Hospital (Niger) of all children between the ages of 0-15 years who underwent surgery for non-traumatic acute peritonitis. Statistical tests were performed, with significance defined by a P-value < 5 %. Acute peritonitis accounted for 62.12 % (226/358) of all emergency gastrointestinal surgery in children...
August 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945296/prognostic-biomarkers-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-disease-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Hongzheng Zhang, Sungjin Kim, Zhengjia Chen, Sreenivas Nannapaneni, Amy Y Chen, Charles E Moore, Gabriel Sica, Marina Mosunjac, Minh Ly T Nguyen, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Thomas E Carey, Lisa A Peterson, Jonathan B McHugh, Martin Graham, Christine M Komarck, Gregory T Wolf, Heather M Walline, Emily Bellile, James Riddell, Sara I Pai, David Sidransky, William H Westra, William N William, J Jack Lee, Adel K El-Naggar, Robert L Ferris, Raja Seethala, Jennifer R Grandis, Zhuo Georgia Chen, Nabil F Saba, Dong M Shin
BACKGROUND: We examined the prognostic value of a panel of biomarkers in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) who were human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive (HIV-positive head and neck cancer) and HIV negative (HIV-negative head and neck cancer). METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMAs) were constructed using tumors from 41 disease site-matched and age-matched HIV-positive head and neck cancer cases and 44 HIV-negative head and neck cancer controls...
September 25, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935188/liver-transplantation-for-nash-cirrhosis-is-not-performed-at-the-expense-of-major-post-operative-morbidity
#10
Eline H van den Berg, Rianne M Douwes, Vincent E de Meijer, Tim C M A Schreuder, Hans Blokzijl
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is an emerging indication for liver transplantation (LT) and coexists with multiple comorbidities. Obese and cirrhotic patients experience more perioperative complications. Limited data exist about short-term complications after LT for NASH cirrhosis. AIM: Investigate short-term complications in patients transplanted for NASH cirrhosis. METHODS: Single center retrospective cohort study including patients >18years who underwent LT between 2009-2015...
August 12, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935178/paired-editorial-for-perioperative-complications-after-bariatric-surgery-according-to-the-clavien-dindo-classification
#11
EDITORIAL
Bruce M Wolfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918167/different-nutritional-assessment-tools-as-predictors-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-resection
#12
Sílvia Fernandes Maurício, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition in patients with colorectal cancer contributes to increased postoperative complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of several nutritional assessment parameters: body mass index versus percentage of weight loss grading system (BMI/%WL); Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); standardized phase angle (SPA) by BIA; muscle strength by handgrip strength; muscle mass by computerized tomography; and the combination of muscle mass and strength in patients undergoing resection surgery...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917644/alpps-as-a-salvage-procedure-after-insufficient-future-liver-remnant-hypertrophy-following-portal-vein-occlusion
#13
Marcelo Enne, Erik Schadde, Bergthór Björnsson, Roberto Hernandez Alejandro, Klaus Steinbruck, Eduardo Viana, Ricardo Robles Campos, Massimo Malago, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Eduardo De Santibanes, Brice Gayet
BACKGROUND: A minimum future liver remnant (FLR) of 30% is required to avoid post hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). Portal vein occlusion (PVO) is the main strategy to induce hypertrophy of the FLR, but some patients will not reach sufficient FLR hypertrophy to enable resection. Recently ALPPS has emerged as a "Salvage Procedure" for PVO failure. The aim of this study was to report the short term outcomes of ALPPS following PVO failure. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients enrolled within the international ALPPS Registry between October 2012 and November 2015 (NCT01924741) was performed...
September 13, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912072/suprapubic-approach-for-robotic-complete-mesocolic-excision-in-right-colectomy-oncologic-safety-and-short-term-outcomes-of-an-original-technique
#14
W Petz, D Ribero, E Bertani, S Borin, G Formisano, S Esposito, G Spinoglio, P P Bianchi
INTRODUCTION: Right-sided colon cancer has a worse prognosis than left-sided colon cancer. Complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vessels ligation (CVL) reduces local recurrence, but is technically demanding, particularly with a laparoscopic approach. Aim of this study is to describe a new robotic approach to right colectomy with CME and CVL and to report oncologic safety and short term outcomes. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients were included. All patients had a right colon adenocarcinoma and underwent right colectomy with a suprapubic approach...
August 10, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912030/liver-function-assessment-using-technetium-99m-galactosyl-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-ct-fusion-imaging-a-prospective-trial
#15
Takehiro Okabayashi, Yasuo Shima, Sojiro Morita, Yasuhiro Shimada, Tatsuaki Sumiyoshi, Kenta Sui, Jun Iwata, Tatsuo Iiyama
BACKGROUND: The prediction of postoperative liver function remains a largely subjective practice based on CT volumetric analysis. However, future liver volume after a hepatectomy is not the only factor that contributes to postoperative liver function and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective trial, 185 consecutive patients who underwent liver operations between 2014 and 2015 were studied. Volumetric and functional rates of remnant liver were measured using technetium 99m-galactosyl human serum albumin single-photon emission computed tomography/CT fusion imaging to evaluate post-hepatectomy remnant liver function...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895142/randomized-clinical-trial-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-pancreatoduodenectomy-for-periampullary-tumours
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C Palanivelu, P Senthilnathan, S C Sabnis, N S Babu, S Srivatsan Gurumurthy, N Anand Vijai, V P Nalankilli, P Praveen Raj, R Parthasarathy, S Rajapandian
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection as an alternative to open pancreatoduodenectomy may yield short-term benefits, but has not been investigated in a randomized trial. The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic and open pancreatoduodenectomy for short-term outcomes in a randomized trial. METHODS: Patients with periampullary cancers were randomized to either laparoscopic or open pancreatoduodenectomy. The outcomes evaluated were hospital stay (primary outcome), and blood loss, radicality of surgery, duration of operation and complication rate (secondary outcomes)...
October 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893658/multiple-nodule-removal-by-disc-excision-and-segmental-resection-in-multifocal-colorectal-endometriosis
#17
Jenny-Claude Millochau, Emanuela Stochino-Loi, Basma Darwish, Carole Abo, Julien Coget, Rachid Chati, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Horace Roman
OBJECTIVE: To report postoperative outcomes after dual digestive resection for deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum and the colon. DESIGN: Retrospective study using data prospectively recorded in the CIRENDO database. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2. SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Twenty-one patients managed for multiple colorectal deep endometriosis infiltrating nodules...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890825/splenectomy-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-poorer-perioperative-outcomes-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-an-analysis-of-936-procedures
#18
Akshat Saxena, Winston Liauw, David L Morris
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the impact of splenectomy on peri-operative outcomes after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC). We report the largest series to date which addresses this topic. METHODS: Nine hundred and thirty six consecutive patients underwent CRS/HIPEC from 1996 to 2016 at a high-volume institution in Sydney, Australia. Of these, 418 (45%) underwent splenectomy. Peri-operative complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo Classification...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887635/the-prognostic-impact-of-controlling-nutritional-status-conut-in-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-following-curative-hepatectomy-a-retrospective-single-institution-study
#19
Tatsunori Miyata, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Takaaki Higashi, Katsunobu Taki, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Ryuma Tokunaga, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined controlling nutritional status (CONUT), which is one of the useful biomarkers for predicting patients' prognosis following cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of CONUT as a postoperative prognostic marker in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) following curative hepatectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 71 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for ICC between May 2002 and November 2016...
September 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881906/comparison-of-short-term-outcomes-between-2-and-3-field-lymph-node-dissection-for-esophageal-cancer
#20
K Yamashita, T Makino, M Yamasaki, K Tanaka, T Hara, Y Miyazaki, T Takahashi, Y Kurokawa, K Nakajima, S Takiguchi, M Mori, Y Doki
Although 3-field lymph node dissection (3-FLD) is often performed for thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the clinical effects of cervical lymph node dissection in addition to mediastinal and abdominal dissections on postoperative complications remain unclear. A total of 367 ESCC patients who underwent curative esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer in our hospital from 2010 to 2015 were included in the study: 157 patients who underwent 2-field lymph node dissection (2-FLD) and 210 patients who underwent 3-FLD...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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