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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669043/life-course-socioeconomic-status-daily-stressors-and-daily-well-being-examining-chain-of-risk-models
#1
Agus Surachman, Britney Wardecker, Sy-Miin Chow, David Almeida
Objectives: This article models the chain of risk that links life course socioeconomic status (SES), daily stressor exposure and severity, and daily well-being. Method: Data from the main survey and the daily diary project of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Refresher study were combined, resulting in 782 participants (55.6% female; age 25-74, Mage = 47.9) who reported on 5,849 days of information on daily stressors and daily well-being. Data were measured at both person and day levels...
April 13, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650992/stabilised-frequency-of-extreme-positive-indian-ocean-dipole-under-1-5-%C3%A2-c-warming
#2
Wenju Cai, Guojian Wang, Bolan Gan, Lixin Wu, Agus Santoso, Xiaopei Lin, Zhaohui Chen, Fan Jia, Toshio Yamagata
Extreme positive Indian Ocean Dipole (pIOD) affects weather, agriculture, ecosystems, and public health worldwide, particularly when exacerbated by an extreme El Niño. The Paris Agreement aims to limit warming below 2 °C and ideally below 1.5 °C in global mean temperature (GMT), but how extreme pIOD will respond to this target is unclear. Here we show that the frequency increases linearly as the warming proceeds, and doubles at 1.5 °C warming from the pre-industrial level (statistically significant above the 90% confidence level), underscored by a strong intermodel agreement with 11 out of 13 models producing an increase...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642565/polyacrylonitrile-nanofiber-based-quartz-crystal-microbalance-for-sensitive-detection-of-safrole
#3
Aditya Rianjanu, Roto Roto, Trisna Julian, Shidiq Nur Hidayat, Ahmad Kusumaatmaja, Eko Agus Suyono, Kuwat Triyana
Safrole is the main precursor for producing the amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) drug, N -methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDMA), also known as ecstasy. We devise a polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber-based quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) for detecting safrole. The PAN nanofibers were fabricated by direct electrospinning to modify the QCM chips. The PAN nanofiber on the QCM chips has a diameter of 240 ± 10 nm. The sensing of safrole by QCM modified with PAN nanofiber shows good reversibility and an apparent sensitivity of 4...
April 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577997/memory-for-random-time-patterns-in-audition-touch-and-vision
#4
HiJee Kang, Denis Lancelin, Daniel Pressnitzer
Perception deals with temporal sequences of events, like series of phonemes for audition, dynamic changes in pressure for touch textures, or moving objects for vision. Memory processes are thus needed to make sense of the temporal patterning of sensory information. Recently, we have shown that auditory temporal patterns could be learnt rapidly and incidentally with repeated exposure [Kang, Agus, & Pressnitzer, J. Acoust Soc. Am. 2017]. Here, we tested whether rapid incidental learning of temporal patterns was specific to audition, or if it was a more general property of sensory systems...
March 22, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547039/optimum-screw-configuration-for-the-fixation-of-sanders-type-iic-tongue-type-fractures-a-biomechanical-study
#5
Tayfun Bacaksız, Cemal Kazimoglu, Ali Reisoglu, Ali Turgut, Erdem Kumtepe, Haluk Agus
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive technique (percutaneous screw fixation) is one of the options for treating tongue-type IIC fractures successfully. The aim of this study was to assess the biomechanics of four different screw configurations used for the fixation of tongue-type IIC calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Identical osteotomies, recapitulating a type IIC injury, were created in synthetic calcaneus specimens using a saw. The specimens were randomly assigned to one of the four fixation groups (n = 7 per group): two divergent screws, two parallel screws, two parallel screws plus one screw axially oriented toward the sustentaculum tali, and three parallel screws...
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540810/origami-based-self-folding-of-co-cultured-nih-3t3-and-hepg2-cells-into-3d-microstructures
#6
Qian He, Takaharu Okajima, Hiroaki Onoe, Agus Subagyo, Kazuhisa Sueoka, Kaori Kuribayashi-Shigetomi
This paper describes an origami-inspired self-folding method to form three-dimensional (3D) microstructures of co-cultured cells. After a confluent monolayer of fibroblasts (NIH/3T3 cells) with loaded hepatocytes (HepG2 cells) was cultured onto two-dimensional (2D) microplates, degradation of the alginate sacrificial layer in the system by addition of alginate lyase triggered NIH/3T3 cells to self-fold the microplates around HepG2 cells, and then 3D cell co-culture microstructures were spontaneously formed...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530262/predicting-response-to-an-internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-anxiety-in-early-childhood
#7
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Jordana K Bayer
Previous research has identified factors related to outcome in child anxiety treatment and parent training programs for child behavior problems. However, it is unclear what factors predict outcomes in interventions delivered online to parents of young children at risk of anxiety. This study investigated predictors of child anxiety outcomes among 433 families with young children (3-6 years) who participated in a randomized controlled trial of Cool Little Kids Online, an eight-module early intervention program for child anxiety based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525770/steps-towards-alcohol-misuse-prevention-programme-stampp-a-school-based-and-community-based-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Michael McKay, Ashley Agus, Jonathan Cole, Paul Doherty, David Foxcroft, Séamus Harvey, Lynn Murphy, Andrew Percy, Harry Sumnall
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a combined classroom curriculum and parental intervention (the Steps Towards Alcohol Misuse Prevention Programme (STAMPP)), compared with alcohol education as normal (EAN), in reducing self-reported heavy episodic drinking (HED) and alcohol-related harms (ARHs) in adolescents. SETTING: 105 high schools in Northern Ireland (NI) and in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Schools were stratified by free school meal provision...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517698/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-anal-high-risk-hpv-among-hiv-negative-and-hiv-positive-msm-and-transgender-women-in-three-countries-at-south-east-asia
#9
I Ketut Agus Somia, Nipat Teeratakulpisarn, Wifanto S Jeo, Ilias A Yee, Tippawan Pankam, Siriporn Nonenoy, Deondara Trachuntong, Pravit Mingkwanrungrueng, Made Dewi D Sukmawati, Reshmie Ramautarsing, Hanny Nilasari, Nany Hairunisa, Iskandar Azwa, Evy Yunihastuti, Tuti P Merati, Praphan Phanuphak, Joel Palefsky, Nittaya Phanuphak
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of and associated risk factors for anal high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) in Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia.This was baseline data from a prospective cohort study with clinic sites in Jakarta and Bali (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), and Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).MSM and TGW aged 18 years and older from Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia were enrolled. Demographic and behavioral characteristics were assessed, and anal samples were collected for HPV genotyping...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514645/development-and-validation-of-a-new-knowledge-attitude-belief-and-practice-questionnaire-on-leptospirosis-in-malaysia
#10
Wan Mohd Zahiruddin, Wan Nor Arifin, Shafei Mohd-Nazri, Surianti Sukeri, Idris Zawaha, Rahman Abu Bakar, Rukman Awang Hamat, Osman Malina, Tengku Zetty Maztura Tengku Jamaludin, Arumugam Pathman, Ab Rahman Mas-Harithulfadhli-Agus, Idris Norazlin, Binti Samsudin Suhailah, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Nurul Munirah Abdullah, Noramira Nozmi, Abdul Wahab Zainuddin, Daud Aziah
BACKGROUND: In Malaysia, leptospirosis is considered an endemic disease, with sporadic outbreaks following rainy or flood seasons. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a new knowledge, attitude, belief and practice (KABP) questionnaire on leptospirosis for use in urban and rural populations in Malaysia. METHODS: The questionnaire comprised development and validation stages. The development phase encompassed a literature review, expert panel review, focus-group testing, and evaluation...
March 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512617/infective-endocarditis-of-a-bicuspid-aortic-valve-complicated-by-septal-aneurysm-and-mitral-aortic-intervalvular-fibrosa-pseudoaneurysm
#11
Hicaz Zencirkıran Ağuş, Oya Atamaner, Begüm Uygur, Ali Kemal Kalkan, Mehmet Ertürk
Aortic valve endocarditis can lead to the destruction or perforation of the leaflets, ring abscess, fistula, or perivalvular regurgitation; less commonly, the regurgitation itself may result in secondary damage to subaortic structures. Pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic intervalvular fi brosa is a rare complication of native aortic valve endocarditis. This region is a relatively avascular area and is prone to endocarditis infection and subsequent aneurysm formation. Herein, the case of a 33-year-old man who was diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve endocarditis complicated by a pseudoaneurysm, an aneurysm, and aortic valve rupture is described...
March 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494278/adaptation-of-adherent-invasive-e-coli-to-gut-environment-impact-on-flagellum-expression-and-bacterial-colonization-ability
#12
Gwladys Sevrin, Sébastien Massier, Benoit Chassaing, Allison Agus, Julien Delmas, Jérémy Denizot, Elisabeth Billard, Nicolas Barnich
The pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) is multifactorial and involves genetic susceptibility, environmental triggers and intestinal microbiota. Adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC) are flagellated bacteria more prevalent in CD patients than in healthy subjects and promote chronic intestinal inflammation. We aim at deciphering the role of flagella and flagellin modulation by intestinal conditions. AIEC flagellum expression is required for optimal adhesion to and invasion of intestinal epithelial cells...
March 1, 2018: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458559/detection-of-novel-gammaherpesviruses-from-fruit-bats-in-indonesia
#13
Yuji Wada, Michihito Sasaki, Agus Setiyono, Ekowati Handharyani, Ibenu Rahmadani, Siswatiana Taha, Sri Adiani, Munira Latief, Zainal Abidin Kholilullah, Mawar Subangkit, Shintaro Kobayashi, Ichiro Nakamura, Takashi Kimura, Yasuko Orba, Hirofumi Sawa
Bats are an important natural reservoir of zoonotic viral pathogens. We previously isolated an alphaherpesvirus in fruit bats in Indonesia, and here establish the presence of viruses belonging to other taxa of the family Herpesviridae. We screened the same fruit bat population with pan-herpesvirus PCR and discovered 68 sequences of novel gammaherpesvirus, designated 'megabat gammaherpesvirus' (MgGHV). A phylogenetic analysis of approximately 3.4 kbp of continuous MgGHV sequences encompassing the glycoprotein B gene and DNA polymerase gene revealed that the MgGHV sequences are distinct from those of other reported gammaherpesviruses...
March 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456946/detection-of-epstein-barr-and-human-papilloma-viruses-in-the-middle-ear-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#14
Agus Surono, Bambang Hariwiyanto, Edhie Samodra
The uncommon ear tumor of middle ear squamous cell carcinoma (MESCC) is thought to be associated with the history of long-term chronic otitis media in the most cases. The main etiologic factor of MESCC is still unclear and may be multifactorial. Infections of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) are considered as one of the etiologic factor of MESCC. Previous studies have shown that the EBV and HPV have been detected in MESCC. Although the EBV and HPV have been implicated in human malignancies, their roles in pathogenesis of MESCC have not been elucidated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456398/urinary-cotinine-level-in-indonesian-children-exposed-to-domestic-cigarette-smoke
#15
Agus Dwi Susanto, Priska Duana Putri, Achmad Hudoyo, Feni Fitriani Taufik, Fariz Nurwidya, Sita Andarini
Background: Cotinine is a major metabolite of nicotine, and its urinary level is an indicator of exposure to cigarette smoke. The present study was aimed at identifying the urinary cotinine level in Indonesian children who were exposed and not exposed to domestic cigarette smoke. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study in elementary school-aged children who had not smoked. The subjects were categorized into an exposed group and unexposed group based on their exposure status...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454665/women-s-choice-of-maternal-healthcare-in-parung-west-java-indonesia-midwife-versus-traditional-birth-attendant
#16
Yenita Agus, Shigeko Horiuchi, Mariko Iida
BACKGROUND: In the 1990s, the Indonesian government launched programmes to train traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and increase the number of midwives. AIM: To identify and compare the factors that influence women's choice of a midwife or a TBA for maternal healthcare in Indonesia. METHODS: This study used a descriptive design for comparing women's choice of maternal healthcare. The participants were (1) married women, (2) experienced birth within two years, (3) living in a rural or urban village, and (4) capable of communicating in the Indonesia language...
February 14, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451879/dengue-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-and-their-impact-on-community-based-vector-control-in-rural-cambodia
#17
Emmanuelle Kumaran, Dyna Doum, Vanney Keo, Ly Sokha, BunLeng Sam, Vibol Chan, Neal Alexander, John Bradley, Marco Liverani, Didot Budi Prasetyo, Agus Rachmat, Sergio Lopes, Jeffrey Hii, Leang Rithea, Muhammad Shafique, John Hustedt
BACKGROUND: Globally there are an estimated 390 million dengue infections per year, of which 96 million are clinically apparent. In Cambodia, estimates suggest as many as 185,850 cases annually. The World Health Organization global strategy for dengue prevention aims to reduce mortality rates by 50% and morbidity by 25% by 2020. The adoption of integrated vector management approach using community-based methods tailored to the local context is one of the recommended strategies to achieve these objectives...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451842/protective-effect-of-leaf-ethanolic-extract-etlingera-hemisphaerica-blume-against-mercuric-chloride-toxicity-in-blood-of-mice
#18
Aceng Ruyani, Rendi Zulni Eka Putri, Pauzi Jundara, Efri Gresinta, Irwandi Ansori, Agus Sundaryono
This research was intended to investigate the protective effect of leaf ethanolic extract Etlingera hemisphaerica Blume (LE3H) against mercuric chloride (HgCl2 ) toxicity in blood of mice (Mus musculus). The experimental animals, 95 male M. musculus, received drink and food ad libitum. Three materials were tested: LE3H (0.13, 0.26, 0.39 mg/g body weight [bw]) was administered by gavage; HgCl2 (5 mg/kg bw) was administrated by gavage or intraperitoneal injection; and Imunos (the nutritional supplement to stimulate the immune system; 0...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436341/retrospective-analysis-of-fever-and-sepsis-patients-from-cambodia-reveals-serological-evidence-of-melioidosis
#19
Vichaya Suttisunhakul, Phireak Hip, Pidor Ouch, Piseth Ly, Chonthida Supaprom, Agus Rachmat, Michael Prouty, Andrew Vaughn, Ahreej Eltayeb, Sim Kheng, Danielle V Clark, James V Lawler, Narisara Chantratita, Mary N Burtnick, Paul J Brett, Kevin L Schully
Burkholderia pseudomallei , the etiologic agent of melioidosis, is predicted to be ubiquitous in tropical regions of the world with areas of highest endemicity throughout Southeast Asia (SEA). Nevertheless, the distribution of B. pseudomallei and the burden of melioidosis in many SEA countries remain unclear. In Cambodia, the first human endemic case of melioidosis was not described until 2008 and since then, only a few 100 cases have been described in the literature. This is in sharp contrast to the annual burden of thousands of cases in surrounding areas...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432086/overcoming-medication-stigma-in-peer-recovery-a-new-paradigm
#20
Noa Krawczyk, Tianna Negron, Maia Nieto, Deborah Agus, Michael I Fingerhood
BACKGROUND: Treatment for opioid use disorder involving opioid-based pharmacotherapies is considered most effective when accompanied by psychosocial interventions. Peer-led support groups are widely available and have been described by many as fundamental to the recovery process. However, some individuals using medications face stigma in these settings, which can be contradictory and counterproductive to their recovery. METHODS: This article describes the development of the Ability, Inspiration and Motivation or "AIM" group, an alternative peer support group that aims to remove medication stigma from peer-recovery...
February 12, 2018: Substance Abuse
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