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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451879/dengue-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-and-their-impact-on-community-based-vector-control-in-rural-cambodia
#1
Emmanuelle Kumaran, Dyna Doum, Vanney Keo, Ly Sokha, BunLeng Sam, Vibol Chan, Neal Alexander, John Bradley, Marco Liverani, Didot Budi Prasetyo, Agus Rachmat, Sergio Lopes, Jeffrey Hii, Leang Rithea, Muhammad Shafique, John Hustedt
BACKGROUND: Globally there are an estimated 390 million dengue infections per year, of which 96 million are clinically apparent. In Cambodia, estimates suggest as many as 185,850 cases annually. The World Health Organization global strategy for dengue prevention aims to reduce mortality rates by 50% and morbidity by 25% by 2020. The adoption of integrated vector management approach using community-based methods tailored to the local context is one of the recommended strategies to achieve these objectives...
February 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451842/protective-effect-of-leaf-ethanolic-extract-etlingera-hemisphaerica-blume-against-mercuric-chloride-toxicity-in-blood-of-mice
#2
Aceng Ruyani, Rendi Zulni Eka Putri, Pauzi Jundara, Efri Gresinta, Irwandi Ansori, Agus Sundaryono
This research was intended to investigate the protective effect of leaf ethanolic extract Etlingera hemisphaerica Blume (LE3H) against mercuric chloride (HgCl 2 ) toxicity in blood of mice (Mus musculus). The experimental animals, 95 male M. musculus, received drink and food ad libitum. Three materials were tested: LE3H (0.13, 0.26, 0.39 mg/g body weight [bw]) was administered by gavage; HgCl 2 (5 mg/kg bw) was administrated by gavage or intraperitoneal injection; and Imunos (the nutritional supplement to stimulate the immune system; 0...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436341/retrospective-analysis-of-fever-and-sepsis-patients-from-cambodia-reveals-serological-evidence-of-melioidosis
#3
Vichaya Suttisunhakul, Phireak Hip, Pidor Ouch, Piseth Ly, Chonthida Supaprom, Agus Rachmat, Michael Prouty, Andrew Vaughn, Ahreej Eltayeb, Sim Kheng, Danielle V Clark, James V Lawler, Narisara Chantratita, Mary N Burtnick, Paul J Brett, Kevin L Schully
Burkholderia pseudomallei , the etiologic agent of melioidosis, is predicted to be ubiquitous in tropical regions of the world with areas of highest endemicity throughout Southeast Asia (SEA). Nevertheless, the distribution of B. pseudomallei and the burden of melioidosis in many SEA countries remain unclear. In Cambodia, the first human endemic case of melioidosis was not described until 2008 and since then, only a few 100 cases have been described in the literature. This is in sharp contrast to the annual burden of thousands of cases in surrounding areas...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432086/overcoming-medication-stigma-in-peer-recovery-a-new-paradigm
#4
Noa Krawczyk, Tianna Negron, Maia Nieto, Deborah Agus, Michael I Fingerhood
BACKGROUND: Treatment for opioid use disorder involving opioid-based pharmacotherapies is considered most effective when accompanied by psychosocial interventions. Peer-led support groups are widely available and have been described by many as fundamental to the recovery process. However, some individuals using medications face stigma in these settings, which can be contradictory and counterproductive to their recovery. METHODS: This article describes the development of the Ability, Inspiration and Motivation or "AIM" group, an alternative peer support group that aims to remove medication stigma from peer-recovery...
February 12, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428266/duraplasty-using-amniotic-membrane-versus-temporal-muscle-fascia-a-clinical-comparative-study
#5
Agus Turchan, Taufiq Fatchur Rochman, Arie Ibrahim, Dyah Fauziah, Joni Wahyuhadi, M Arifin Parenrengi, Asra Al Fauzi, Erliano Sufarnap, Abdul Hafid Bajamal, Ferdiansyah, Heri Suroto, Purwati, Fedik Abdul Rantam, Adanti Wido Paramadini, Christianto Benjamin Lumenta
In the field of neurosurgery, often the dura mater cannot be sutured, and consequently, it requires a duraplasty procedure using a dural fascial graft. Since 1890, various materials have been researched as dura mater substitutes. Amniotic membrane, for example, is suitable as a dural graft material and has been used in neurosurgery since 2012. However, there has been little research on human patient's dural healing after the use of amniotic membrane in their duraplasty procedure. To address this gap, a clinical experimental study was undertaken to evaluate the human dural healing of 16 patients who had undergone duraplasty in decompressive craniectomy surgery at Dr...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394234/beyond-survival-pediatric-critical-care-interventional-trial-outcome-measure-preferences-of-families-and-healthcare-professionals
#6
Courtney Merritt, Kusum Menon, Michael S D Agus, Karen Choong, Dayre McNally, Katie O'Hearn, R Scott Watson, Hector R Wong, Mark Duffett, David Wypij, Jerry J Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: To identify, in addition to survival, preferred outcome measures of PICU family care providers and PICU healthcare professionals for interventional trials enrolling critically ill children, and to describe general attitudes of family care providers and healthcare professionals regarding research in the PICU. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey examining subject experience with clinical research and personal preferences for outcome measures for a hypothetical interventional clinical trial...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384783/glucocorticoid-equipoise
#7
Michael S D Agus, Margaret M Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348379/the-differences-in-serum-quantitative-specific-ige-levels-induced-by-dermatophagoides-pteronyssinus-dermatophagoides-farinae-and-blomia-tropicalis-sensitization-in-intermittent-and-persistent-allergic-asthma
#8
Agus Joko Susanto, Iris Rengganis, Cleopas M Rumende, Kuntjoro Harimurti
BACKGROUND: house dust mites (HDM) are an important inhalant allergen in allergic asthma. However, molecular diagnostic study of specific IgE to HDM allergens has not been done in Indonesia. In addition, the association of quantitative specific IgE measurement with asthma severity has not been investigatedd. This study aimed to investigate the difference of serum quantitative specific IgE levels induced by Dermatophagoides (D.) pteronyssinus, D. farinae and Blomia tropicalis sensitization in intermittent and persistent allergic asthma...
October 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344989/salmon-calcitonin-ameliorates-migraine-pain-through-modulation-of-cgrp-release-and-dural-mast-cell-degranulation-in-rats
#9
Erkan Kilinc, Yasar Dagistan, Aysel Kukner, Bayram Yilmaz, Sami Agus, Gizem Soyler, Fatma Tore
The exact mechanism of migraine pathophysiology still remains unclear due to the complex nature of migraine pain. Salmon calcitonin (SC) exhibits antinociceptive effects in the treatment of various pain conditions. In this study, we explored the mechanisms underlying the analgesic effect of salmon calcitonin on migrane pain using glyceryltrinitrate(GTN)-induced model of migraine and ex-vivo meningeal preparations in rats. Rats were administered intraperitoneally saline, GTN(10mg/kg), vehicle, saline+GTN, SC(50μg/kg)+GTN, and SC alone...
January 18, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333035/the-activity-of-immunoglobulin-y-anti-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-on-proliferation-and-cytokine-expression-of-rat-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#10
Sri Agus Sudjarwo, Koerniasari Eraiko, Giftania Wardani Sudjarwo, Koerniasari
Objective: It has long been known that chickens, like mammals, are capable of producing antigen-specific immunoglobulin Y (IgY), which functions similar to IgG. The present study was performed to investigate the activity of IgY anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis on proliferation, interleukin (IL)-2, and interferon (IFN)-γ expression of rat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Materials and Methods: The activity of IgY anti-M. tuberculosis in different doses (25, 50, and 100 μg/ml) on rat PBMCs proliferation was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299200/protective-effects-of-piperine-on-lead-acetate-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#11
Sri Agus Sudjarwo, Koerniasari Eraiko, Giftania Wardani Sudjarwo, Koerniasari
Objectives: In this study, we investigated the protective effects of piperine on lead acetate-induced renal damage in rat kidney tissue. Materials and Methods: Forty male rats were divided into 5 groups: negative control (rats were given aquadest daily), positive control (rats were given lead acetate 30 mg/kg BW orally once a day for 60 days), and the treatment group (rats were given piperine 50 mg; 100 mg and 200 mg/kg BW orally once a day for 65 days, and on 5th day, were given lead acetate 30 mg/kg BW one hr after piperine administration for 60 days)...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245567/a-new-species-of-i-lepidodactylus-i-reptilia-squamata-gekkonidae-from-the-kei-islands-maluku-indonesia
#12
Alexander L Stubbs, Benjamin R Karin, Umilaela Arifin, Djoko T Iskandar, Evy Arida, Sean B Reilly, Luke M Bloch, Agus Kusnadi, Jimmy A McGuire
Lepidodactylus pantai is a new species of gecko from the Kei Islands, Maluku, Indonesia that is closely associated with intertidal habitats. This species does not fit cleanly into any of the three species groups described for the genus because it possesses the unique combination of both divided terminal scansors on all toes and a nearly completely cylindrical tail without fringes or evidence of dorsoventral compression. A phylogenetic analysis including this species demonstrates that it is the sister taxon of a population from Palau, and that this clade is sister to the clade containing Group III species for which we have molecular data...
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208398/future-cancer-research-priorities-in-the-usa-a-lancet-oncology-commission
#13
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Jaffee, Chi Van Dang, David B Agus, Brian M Alexander, Kenneth C Anderson, Alan Ashworth, Anna D Barker, Roshan Bastani, Sangeeta Bhatia, Jeffrey A Bluestone, Otis Brawley, Atul J Butte, Daniel G Coit, Nancy E Davidson, Mark Davis, Ronald A DePinho, Robert B Diasio, Giulio Draetta, A Lindsay Frazier, Andrew Futreal, Sam S Gambhir, Patricia A Ganz, Levi Garraway, Stanton Gerson, Sumit Gupta, James Heath, Ruth I Hoffman, Cliff Hudis, Chanita Hughes-Halbert, Ramy Ibrahim, Hossein Jadvar, Brian Kavanagh, Rick Kittles, Quynh-Thu Le, Scott M Lippman, David Mankoff, Elaine R Mardis, Deborah K Mayer, Kelly McMasters, Neal J Meropol, Beverly Mitchell, Peter Naredi, Dean Ornish, Timothy M Pawlik, Jeffrey Peppercorn, Martin G Pomper, Derek Raghavan, Christine Ritchie, Sally W Schwarz, Richard Sullivan, Richard Wahl, Jedd D Wolchok, Sandra L Wong, Alfred Yung
We are in the midst of a technological revolution that is providing new insights into human biology and cancer. In this era of big data, we are amassing large amounts of information that is transforming how we approach cancer treatment and prevention. Enactment of the Cancer Moonshot within the 21st Century Cures Act in the USA arrived at a propitious moment in the advancement of knowledge, providing nearly US$2 billion of funding for cancer research and precision medicine. In 2016, the Blue Ribbon Panel (BRP) set out a roadmap of recommendations designed to exploit new advances in cancer diagnosis, prevention, and treatment...
November 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206742/the-authors-reply
#14
Joshua J Blinder, Michael S D Agus, Michael A Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203378/occurrence-of-acanthamoeba-genotypes-in-central-west-malaysian-environments
#15
Mohamad Hafiz Abdul Basher, Init Ithoi, Rohela Mahmud, Awatif Mohamed Abdulsalam, Agus Iwan Foead, Salwa Dawaki, Wahib Mohammed Mohsen Atroosh, Veeranoot Nissapatorn, Wan Omar Abdullah
Acanthamoeba species are ubiquitous free-living protozoa that can be found worldwide. Occasionally, it can become parasitic and the causative agent of acanthamoebic keratitis (AK) and Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis (GAE) in man. A total of 160 environmental samples and 225 naturally-infected animal corneal swabs were collected for Acanthamoeba cultivation. Acanthamoeba was found to be high in samples collected from environments (85%, 136/160) compared to infected animal corneas (24.89%, 56/225) by microscopic examination...
December 1, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179744/levels-trends-and-correlates-of-unmet-need-for-family-planning-among-postpartum-women-in-indonesia-2007-2015
#16
Siswanto Agus Wilopo, Althaf Setyawan, Anggriyani Wahyu Pinandari, Titut Prihyugiarto, Flourisa Juliaan, Robert J Magnani
BACKGROUND: Although Indonesia has relatively high contraceptive prevalence, postpartum family planning (PP-FP) has not been a particular point of emphasis. This article reports the results of analyses undertaken in order to (1) better understand levels and trends in unmet need for family planning among postpartum women, (2) assess the extent to which unmet need is concentrated among particular population sub-groups, and (3) assess the policy priority that PP-FP should have in relation to other interventions...
November 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172288/prevalence-of-abnormal-pap-smears-a-descriptive-study-from-a-cancer-center-in-a-low-prevalence-community
#17
Bayan Maraqa, Isam Lataifeh, Lian Otay, Osama Badran, Yasar Qutaiba Nouri, Ibtihal Issam, Maysa Al Hussaini
Background and aims: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and the 13th in Jordan. The cervical smear (Pap smear) is a simple approach to detect pre-cancerous cervical lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal cervical smears in women seen at the Early Detection/Community Outreach clinic of King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, reports of routine cervical Pap smears performed in the pathology department at KHCC from January 2007 to December 2016, were reviewed...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099002/adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-with-positive-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation-in-pregnancy
#18
Gina Amanda, Agus Dwi Susanto, Dicky Soehardiman, Dianiati Kusumo Sutoyo, Yuyun Lisnawati, Boy Busmar, Andika Chandra Putra, Erlang Samoedro, Elisna Syahruddin
Lung cancer during pregnancy is a rare condition. We report a case of 28-year-old nonsmoker female, who was admitted to our hospital with massive left pleural effusion in the 21st week of gestation. Chest radiograph showed total left hemithorax opacity with contralateral mediastinal deviation. Pleural biopsy and cytological examination of pleural fluid revealed adenocarcinoma invasion with positive epidermal growth factor receptor mutation status. Cesarean section was performed at 32 weeks of pregnancy, and targeted therapy was given to this patient after delivery...
November 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093235/pollen-serum-specific-ige-sensitization-in-respiratory-allergic-patients-in-jakarta-indonesia
#19
Iris Rengganis, Agus Joko Susanto
BACKGROUND: pollens from trees or grasses in Indonesia have a perennial distribution due to the tropical climate. However, pollen allergy has not been well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of pollen IgE sensitization in respiratory allergic patients in Jakarta. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study in patients with a history of respiratory allergy in Jakarta, Indonesia between September and December 2016. Adult asthmatic patients aged 19-60 years were invited to undergo serum specific IgE testing at the Allergy and Immunology Clinic, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta...
July 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092589/auditory-memory-for-random-time-patterns
#20
HiJee Kang, Trevor R Agus, Daniel Pressnitzer
The acquisition of auditory memory for temporal patterns was investigated. The temporal patterns were random sequences of irregularly spaced clicks. Participants performed a task previously used to study auditory memory for noise [Agus, Thorpe, and Pressnitzer (2010). Neuron 66, 610-618]. The memory for temporal patterns displayed strong similarities with the memory for noise: temporal patterns were learnt rapidly, in an unsupervised manner, and could be distinguished from statistically matched patterns after learning...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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