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Integrated Disease Surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226606/the-challenges-of-implementing-an-integrated-one-health-surveillance-system-in-australia
#1
I Johnson, A Hansen, P Bi
As 75 per cent of emerging infectious diseases are of animal origin, a One Health approach that integrates the health of humans, animals and the environment could provide an earlier opportunity for zoonotic disease detection and prevention. In Australia, human, animal and ecological health are managed by separate sectors with limited communication. This study aims to explore how professionals in these fields perceive a One Health approach to zoonotic disease surveillance, aiming to identify the challenges to the implementation of an integrated system in Australia...
December 10, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#2
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219127/dengue-fever-in-a-municipality-of-west-bengal-india-2015-an-outbreak-investigation
#3
Falguni Debnath, Manickam Ponnaiah, Pralay Acharya
BACKGROUND: In November 2015, death due to fever and increased number of fever cases were reported from Baranagar Municipality of North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal. OBJECTIVES: The episode was investigated with the objective to (1) confirm the existence of an outbreak, (2) describe it in terms of time, place, and person, (3) determine the cause of outbreak, and (4) recommend control measures. METHODS: Monthly incidence of dengue from 2012 to 2014 was calculated and compared with 2015 to confirm the outbreak...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213301/including-refugees-in-disease-elimination-challenges-observed-from-a-sleeping-sickness-programme-in-uganda
#4
Jennifer J Palmer, Okello Robert, Freddie Kansiime
Background: Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda's response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify key governance and operational lessons for national sleeping sickness programmes working with displaced populations today. A refugee policy which favours integration of primary healthcare services for refugee and host populations and the availability of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect sleeping sickness at this health system level makes Uganda well-placed to include refugees in sleeping sickness surveillance...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194985/a-multiplex-reverse-transcription-pcr-and-automated-electronic-microarray-assay-for-detection-and-differentiation-of-seven-viruses-affecting-swine
#5
A Erickson, M Fisher, T Furukawa-Stoffer, A Ambagala, D Hodko, J Pasick, D P King, C Nfon, R Ortega Polo, O Lung
Microarray technology can be useful for pathogen detection as it allows simultaneous interrogation of the presence or absence of a large number of genetic signatures. However, most microarray assays are labour-intensive and time-consuming to perform. This study describes the development and initial evaluation of a multiplex reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and novel accompanying automated electronic microarray assay for simultaneous detection and differentiation of seven important viruses that affect swine (foot-and-mouth disease virus [FMDV], swine vesicular disease virus [SVDV], vesicular exanthema of swine virus [VESV], African swine fever virus [ASFV], classical swine fever virus [CSFV], porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus [PRRSV] and porcine circovirus type 2 [PCV2])...
November 30, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184330/an-integrated-disease-surveillance-project-concern-for-kala-azar-does-the-framework-in-nonendemic-regions-need-an-overhaul
#6
Madhumita Mukherjee, Swami Ekadevananda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181514/comparative-analysis-of-biopsy-upgrading-in-four-prostate-cancer-active-surveillance-cohorts
#7
Lurdes Y T Inoue, Daniel W Lin, Lisa F Newcomb, Amy S Leonardson, Donna Ankerst, Roman Gulati, H Ballentine Carter, Bruce J Trock, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg, Janet E Cowan, Laurence H Klotz, Alexandre Mamedov, David F Penson, Ruth Etzioni
Background: Active surveillance (AS) is increasingly accepted for managing low-risk prostate cancer, yet there is no consensus about implementation. This lack of consensus is due in part to uncertainty about risks for disease progression, which have not been systematically compared or integrated across AS studies with variable surveillance protocols and dropout to active treatment. Objective: To compare risks for upgrading from a Gleason score (GS) of 6 or less to 7 or more across AS studies after accounting for differences in surveillance intervals and competing treatments and to evaluate tradeoffs of more versus less frequent biopsies...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176851/economics-of-one-health-costs-and-benefits-of-integrated-west-nile-virus-surveillance-in-emilia-romagna
#8
Giulia Paternoster, Sara Babo Martins, Andrea Mattivi, Roberto Cagarelli, Paola Angelini, Romeo Bellini, Annalisa Santi, Giorgio Galletti, Simonetta Pupella, Giuseppe Marano, Francesco Copello, Jonathan Rushton, Katharina D C Stärk, Marco Tamba
Since 2013 in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, surveillance information generated in the public health and in the animal health sectors has been shared and used to guide public health interventions to mitigate the risk of West Nile virus (WNV) transmission via blood transfusion. The objective of the current study was to identify and estimate the costs and benefits associated with this One Health surveillance approach, and to compare it to an approach that does not integrate animal health information in blood donations safety policy (uni-sectoral scenario)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170590/people-patches-and-parasites-the-case-of-trypanosomiasis-in-zimbabwe
#9
Ian Scoones, V Dzingirai, N Anderson, E MacLeod, L Mangwanya, F Matawa, A Murwira, L Nyakupinda, W Shereni, S C Welburn
Understanding the socio-ecology of disease requires careful attention to the role of patches within disease landscapes. Such patches, and the interfaces between different socio-epidemiological systems, we argue, have important implications for disease control. We conducted an interdisciplinary study over three years to investigate the spatial dynamics of human and animal trypanosomiasis in the Zambezi valley, Zimbabwe. We used a habitat niche model to identify changes in suitable habitat for tsetse fly vectors over time, and this is related to local villagers' understandings of where flies are found...
2017: Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169685/surveillance-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-in-the-united-states-using-risk-mapping-and-species-distribution-modeling
#10
Moh A Alkhamis, Andreia G Arruda, Carles Vilalta, Robert B Morrison, Andres M Perez
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSv) outbreaks cause significant financial losses to the U.S. swine industry, where the pathogen is endemic. Seasonal increases in the number of outbreaks are typically observed using PRRSv epidemic curves. However, the nature and extent to which demographic and environmental factors influence the risk for PRRSv outbreaks in the country remains unclear. The objective of this study was to develop risk maps for PRRSv outbreaks across the United States (U...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160513/detection-of-schistosomiasis-in-an-area-directly-affected-by-the-s%C3%A3-o-francisco-river-large-scale-water-transposition-project-in-the-northeast-of-brazil
#11
José Damião da Silva, Marta Cristhiany Cunha Pinheiro, Mariana Silva Sousa, Vivian da Silva Gomes, Issis Maria Nogueira de Castro, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Fernando Schemelzer de Moraes Bezerra
INTRODUCTION: The development of the São Francisco River Integration Project [Projeto de Integração do Rio São Francisco (PISF)] in the State of Ceará, Brazil, has resulted in environmental and socioeconomic changes with potential risks to public health. We aimed to determine the presence of Schistosoma mansoni infections in schoolchildren (aged 7-14 years) and workers from the construction site in an area under the direct influence of the PISF in the municipality of Brejo Santo-CE, to aid in the prevention and control of schistosomiasis...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158208/syndromic-surveillance-models-using-web-data-the-case-of-influenza-in-greece-and-italy-using-google-trends
#12
Loukas Samaras, Elena García-Barriocanal, Miguel-Angel Sicilia
BACKGROUND: An extended discussion and research has been performed in recent years using data collected through search queries submitted via the Internet. It has been shown that the overall activity on the Internet is related to the number of cases of an infectious disease outbreak. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to define a similar correlation between data from Google Trends and data collected by the official authorities of Greece and Europe by examining the development and the spread of seasonal influenza in Greece and Italy...
November 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155668/responding-to-communicable-diseases-in-internationally-mobile-populations-at-points-of-entry-and-along-porous-borders-nigeria-benin-and-togo
#13
Rebecca D Merrill, Kimberly Rogers, Sarah Ward, Olubumni Ojo, Clement Glele Kakaī, Tamekloe Tsidi Agbeko, Hassan Garba, Amanda MacGurn, Marydale Oppert, Idrissa Kone, Olutola Bamsa, Dana Schneider, Clive Brown
Recent multinational disease outbreaks demonstrate the risk of disease spreading globally before public health systems can respond to an event. To ensure global health security, countries need robust multisectoral systems to rapidly detect and respond to domestic or imported communicable diseases. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention International Border Team works with the governments of Nigeria, Togo, and Benin, along with Pro-Health International and the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor Organization, to build sustainable International Health Regulations capacities at points of entry (POEs) and along border regions...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144769/detection-of-emerging-zoonotic-pathogens-an-integrated-one-health-approach
#14
Brian H Bird, Jonna A K Mazet
The emergence of novel zoonotic pathogens is one of the greatest challenges to global health security. The advent of increasingly sophisticated diagnostics tools has revolutionized our capacity to detect and respond to these health threats more rapidly than ever before. Yet, no matter how sophisticated these tools become, the initial identification of emerging infectious diseases begins at the local community level. It is here that the initial human or animal case resides, and it is here that early pathogen detection would have maximum benefit...
November 16, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138016/the-challenges-of-detecting-and-responding-to-a-lassa-fever-outbreak-in-an-ebola-affected-setting
#15
E L Hamblion, P Raftery, A Wendland, E Dweh, G S Williams, R N C George, L Soro, V Katawera, P Clement, A N Gasasira, E Musa, T K Nagbe
OBJECTIVES: Lassa fever(LF), a priority emerging pathogen likely to cause major epidemics, is endemic in much of West Africa and difficult to distinguish from other viral haemorrhagic fevers including Ebola virus disease(EVD). Definitive diagnosis requires laboratory confirmation not widely available in affected settings. We report the public health action to contain a LF outbreak and challenges encountered in an EVD-affected setting. METHODS: In February 2016 a rapid response team was deployed in Liberia in response to a cluster of LF cases...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126995/fvd-the-fish-associated-virus-database
#16
Yaxin Chen, Mijuan Shi, Yingyin Cheng, Wanting Zhang, Qin Tang, Xiao-Qin Xia
With the expanding of marine and freshwater aquaculture, the outbreaks of aquatic animal diseases have increasingly become the major threats to the healthy development of aquaculture industries. Notably, viral infections lead to massive fish deaths and result in great economic loss every year across the world. Hence, it is meaningful to clarify the biodiversity, geographical distribution and host specificity of fish-associated viruses. In this study, viral sequences detected in fish samples were manually collected from public resources, along with the related metadata, such as sampling time, location, specimen type and fish species...
November 7, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125835/a-large-ongoing-outbreak-of-hepatitis-a-predominantly-affecting-young-males-in-lazio-italy-august-2016-march-2017
#17
Simone Lanini, Claudia Minosse, Francesco Vairo, Annarosa Garbuglia, Virginia Di Bari, Alessandro Agresta, Giovanni Rezza, Vincenzo Puro, Alessio Pendenza, Maria Rosaria Loffredo, Paola Scognamiglio, Alimuddin Zumla, Vincenzo Panella, Giuseppe Ippolito, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi
The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is mainly transmitted through the faecal-oral route. In industrialized countries HAV infection generally occurs as either sporadic cases in travelers from endemic areas, local outbreak within closed/semi-closed population and as foodborne community outbreak. Recently, an increasing number of HAV infection clusters have been reported among young men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM). The Lazio Regional Service for the epidemiology and control for infectious diseases (SeRESMI) has noticed an increase of acute hepatitis A (AHA) since September 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124905/rapid-and-simple-detection-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-evaluation-of-a-cartridge-based-molecular-detection-system-for-use-in-basic-laboratories
#18
K V Goller, V Dill, M Madi, P Martin, Y Van der Stede, V Vandenberge, B Haas, S Van Borm, F Koenen, C J Kasanga, N Ndusilo, M Beer, L Liu, V Mioulet, B Armson, D P King, V L Fowler
Highly contagious transboundary animal diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) are major threats to the productivity of farm animals. To limit the impact of outbreaks and to take efficient steps towards a timely control and eradication of the disease, rapid and reliable diagnostic systems are of utmost importance. Confirmatory diagnostic assays are typically performed by experienced operators in specialized laboratories, and access to this capability is often limited in the developing countries with the highest disease burden...
November 9, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120458/precision-newborn-screening-for-lysosomal-disorders
#19
Melissa M Minter Baerg, Stephanie D Stoway, Jeremy Hart, Lea Mott, Dawn S Peck, Stephanie L Nett, Jason S Eckerman, Jean M Lacey, Coleman T Turgeon, Dimitar Gavrilov, Devin Oglesbee, Kimiyo Raymond, Silvia Tortorelli, Dietrich Matern, Lars Mørkrid, Piero Rinaldo
PurposeThe implementation of newborn screening for lysosomal disorders has uncovered overall poor specificity, psychosocial harm experienced by caregivers, and costly follow-up testing of false-positive cases. We report an informatics solution proven to minimize these issues.MethodsThe Kentucky Department for Public Health outsourced testing for mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) and Pompe disease, conditions recently added to the recommended uniform screening panel, plus Krabbe disease, which was added by legislative mandate...
November 9, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116285/speech-language-therapy-to-elderly-patients-in-a-health-care-network-in-florian%C3%A3-polis-a-health-surveillance-initiative
#20
Gabriela Maciel Mafra, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
PURPOSE: To investigate aspects of health care provided to the elderly, as a way to undertake health surveillance initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional quantitative study with elderly people who participate in health promotion groups in health centers at Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Surveys were conducted on aspects relative to comprehensive health care provision, namely, records of the Family Health Strategy, diagnosis, awareness of initiatives to treat non-communicable diseases, as well as awareness of related risks and complications...
November 6, 2017: CoDAS
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