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Popliteal artery aneurysm

Giulio Illuminati, Francesco G Calio', Giulia Pizzardi, Chiara Amatucci, Federica Masci, Piergaspare Palumbo
INTRODUCTION: Intra and perioperative anticoagulation in patients with heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), candidates for peripheral vascular surgery remains a challenge, as the best alternative to heparin has not yet been established. We evaluated the off-label use of fondaparinux in four patients with HIT, undergoing peripheral vascular surgery procedures. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Four patients of whom 3 men of a mean age of 66 years, with proven heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) underwent two axillo-femoral bypasses, one femoro-popliteal bypass and one resection of a splenic artery aneurysm under fondaparinux...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Albert Busch, Elena Hartmann, Caroline Grimm, Süleyman Ergün, Ralph Kickuth, Christoph Otto, Richard Kellersmann, Udo Lorenz
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a frequent, potentially life-threatening, disease that can only be treated by surgical means such as open surgery or endovascular repair. No alternative treatment is currently available, and despite expanding knowledge about the pathomechanism, clinical trials on medical aneurysm abrogation have led to inconclusive results. The heterogeneity of human AAA based on histologic examination is thereby generally neglected. In this study we aimed to further elucidate the role of these differences in aneurysm disease...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Pasqualino Sirignano, Francesco Speziale, Laura Capoccia, Danilo Menna, Wassim Mansour, Nunzio Montelione, Francesco Setacci, Giuseppe Galzerano, Carlo Setacci
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of iliac artery's diameters, tortuosity, and peripheral vascular patency on outcome of elective endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in 2 high volume vascular centers' experience. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on a prospectively collected database between 2010 and 2012. Anatomical features at pre-operative computed tomography (CTA) considered as potentially influencing outcomes were: iliac diameters, tortuosity (expressed as a ratio), and calcifications, bilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) patency, and presence of Trans-Atlantic Inter-Societies Consensus (TASC) II C/D femoro-popliteal occlusive disease (PAD)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Maher Fattoum, Stefan Kennel, Peter Knez, Thomas Schmitz-Rixen, Hazem Khout, Matthias H Tenholt
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine whether it was feasible to increase the diameter of smaller great saphenous veins (GSVs) in preparation for possible bypass and whether such a conditioned conduit could be used with reasonable patency. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (26 cases: 24 peripheral arterial occlusive disease, 2 popliteal aneurysms) with GSV diameters between 2 and 3 mm underwent in situ GSV valvulotomy and were observed for 3 months. After GSV dilation to >3 mm for below-knee revascularization and >3...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Mohamed Jarraya, Salmi Simmons, Alik Farber, Oleg Teytelboym, Nicolas Naggara, Ali Guermazi
Uncommon diseases of the popliteal artery include cystic adventitial disease, popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) and popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA). Because all of these conditions may present with pain or intermittent claudication, imaging is crucial for differentiating them and directing management. Delayed diagnosis can lead to major complications, including acute limb ischemia. Our aim is to provide an illustrative overview of these conditions in order to make radiologists aware of them and avoid misdiagnosis for timely appropriate management...
October 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Alison Phair, Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh, Damian Kelleher, Riza Ibrahim, George A Antoniou
BACKGROUND: Popliteal artery aneurysm is an uncommon vascular disease but one that can cause significant morbidity, the most severe being limb loss reported in 20% to 59% of cases. Two approaches to repair are described in the literature, the posterior and the medial; however, the "gold standard" method of repair remains controversial. METHODS: A systematic review of electronic information sources was undertaken to identify papers comparing outcomes of posterior repair vs medial repair...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
M B Bensaid, E Ouldsalek, P E Cheysson, K Kechabtia, B Feito, J M Davaine
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) is a rare condition and its long-term outcome after surgical treatment is scarcely reported. We report the case of an aneurysmal degeneration of a venous bypass performed to treat PAES, which ultimately led to rupture. Hybrid treatment combining embolization and surgery resulted in favorable outcome. This case emphasizes the need for long-term follow-up after surgical treatment of PAES.
July 14, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Daniel J Ventarola, Nicos N Labropoulos, David S Landau, Apostolos K Tassiopoulos, Shang A Loh
True aneurysms of the tibioperoneal trunk are rare. Given the scarcity of reports, the clinical presentation and treatment is not well defined. This is a case report of a 50-year-old male patient presenting with severe lower extremity swelling and compartment syndrome with neurological compromise secondary to a tibioperoneal trunk aneurysm. He was also noted to have discrete ipsilateral popliteal and dorsalis pedis artery aneurysms. Given the location and size of the aneurysm, the severe leg swelling, and venous hypertension, aneurysmorrhaphy or aneurysm sac excision with arterial reconstruction was prohibitively dangerous...
August 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Viktoria Tuveson, Hedvig E Löfdahl, Rebecka Hultgren
Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are more prone to develop popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA), but the prevalence is not well known. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of PAA in patients with AAA, and to determine whether a certain risk factor profile is more commonly found in patients with concurrent aneurysms. All AAA patients (ICD code I71.3, I71.4) attending the outpatient clinic at the Karolinska University Hospital between 2011 and 2013 were included in the study cohort (n=465); 48% (225) had been subjected to an ultrasound or computed tomography scan of their popliteal arteries...
August 2016: Vascular Medicine
B Golchehr, I F J Tielliu, E L G Verhoeven, C Möllenhoff, M Antonello, C J Zeebregts, M M P J Reijnen
OBJECTIVE: The use of self-expanding stent grafts for treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) is a matter of debate, although several studies have shown similar results compared with open surgery. In recent years, a new generation stent graft, with heparin-bonding technology, became available. The aim of this study is to present the results of endovascular PAA repair with heparin-bonded stent grafts. METHODS: Data on all patients with PAA treated with a heparin-bonded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) stent graft between April 2009 and March 2014 were gathered in a database and retrospectively analyzed...
July 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Ze-Yang Ding, Guan-Nan Jin, Xi Ai, Li-Yan Li, Ping Zheng, Yan Guan, Qi Wang, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Jun Yang
Aneurysm or pseudoaneurysm formation is one of the vascular complications of Behcet disease. At present, the optimal treatment for the disease has not been established.The authors report a case of vasculo-Behcet disease (v-BD) with recurrent pseudoaneurysms in the left infrainguinal arteries (common femoral artery, superficial femoral artery, and popliteal artery), as well as thrombosis in the popliteal vein and posterior tibial vein. The patient underwent 3 rounds of surgery, but developed a new pseudoaneurysm several months after each surgery...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Syed Peeran, Randall R DeMartino, Ying Huang, Mark Fleming, Maju Kalra, Gustavo S Oderich, Audra A Duncan, Thomas C Bower, Peter Gloviczki
BACKGROUND: Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) in women are rare and their outcomes compared with men with PAA are unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the surgical outcomes of PAA of women with men. METHODS: All patients who underwent PAA repair at a single institution from 1985 to 2013 were reviewed. All women with degenerative PAA treated during that time frame were matched on year of repair to men. Presentation, mode of repair, and outcomes were reviewed...
July 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Danielle M Pineda, Douglas A Troutman, Matthew J Dougherty, Keith D Calligaro
OBJECTIVE: Stent grafts, also known as covered stents, have become an increasingly acceptable treatment for popliteal artery aneurysms. However, endovascular exclusion confers lower primary patency compared to traditional open bypass and exclusion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether duplex ultrasonography (DU) can reliably diagnose failing stent grafts placed for popliteal artery aneurysms prior to occlusion. METHODS: Between June 5, 2007, and March 11, 2014, 21 stent grafts (Viabahn; Gore, Flagstaff, Arizona) were placed in 19 patients for popliteal artery aneurysms...
May 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Kentaro Arakawa, Hideo Himeno, Jin Kirigaya, Fumie Otomo, Hidefumi Nakahashi, Satoru Shimizu, Mitsuaki Endo, Kazuo Kimura, Satoshi Umemura
A 51-year-old female with dilated cardiomyopathy underwent a cardiac catheterization via right common femoral vein and artery. Prolonged compression with a bandage and extension of supine bed rest were needed. Immediately after standing up, she lost consciousness and developed electromechanical dissociation. The echocardiogram revealed a huge thrombus filling the main pulmonary trunk and massive enlargement of right ventricle, which suggested acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Images of computed tomography taken 2 months later detected a huge venous aneurysm of the right popliteal vein...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Sang Tae Choi, Keon Kuk Kim, Jin Mo Kang
A 62-year-old male with a smoking history of 30 pack-years presented with a 1-year history of a periumbilical pulsating mass. He had been treated for hypertension for 2 years. Physical examination revealed a huge pulsating mass in the periumbilical abdomen. Femoral and popliteal arterial pulses were palpable. Computed tomography showed arterial dissection in the proximal segment of the superior mesenteric artery, a huge aneurysm (52×50 mm) with mural thrombus and two smaller aneurysms (20×20 mm) in the right ileocolic and ileal branches, along with atherosclerotic changes...
March 2016: Vascular Specialist International
Yousef Shahin, Hashem Barakat, Vivek Shrivastava
This systematic review compared outcomes between endovascular and open repair of asymptomatic popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs). Endovascular repair was associated with increased 30-day graft occlusion (odds ratio [OR] = 3.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43-6.92) and increased 30-day reintervention (OR = 4.09; 95% CI, 2.79-6.00). The 12-month primary patency rate was significantly higher in the open repair group (hazard ratio = 1.95; 95% CI, 1.14-3.33). Endovascular repair was associated with shorter length of hospital stay (mean difference = -3 d; 95% CI, -4...
May 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Mohannad B Ammori, Aled R Evans, Alexander D Mclain
BACKGROUND: Popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication after total knee arthroplasty. Early recognition is imperative in its management to prevent the subsequent development of compartment syndrome and soft tissue ischemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complication rate, recognition, and management of symptomatic popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Between January 2004 and October 2014, 7937 consecutive total knee arthroplasties were identified from the Theatre Management (Ormis) System and cross-referenced against 1304 radiology reports containing the key words "popliteal" and "aneurysm' identified from the Patient Archiving Communication System...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Funda Yildirim, Dilsad Amanvermez Senarslan, Tulun Ozturk, Omer Tetik
Coexistence of multiple peripheric arterial and coronary artery aneurysms of different sizes is extremely rare in young adults. We present a case of rare giant coronary aneurysm and concurrent giant left popliteal aneurysm treated with classical open repair.
April 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Grigorios Voulalas, Sotirios Giannakakis, Chrisostomos Maltezos
Leiomyosarcoma is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma derived from smooth muscle cells. Of all soft tissue sarcomas, approximately 5-10% are leiomyosarcomas. Vascular leiomyosarcoma constitutes about 2% of all leiomyosarcomas and involves veins 5 times more than arteries. When they arise from a major blood vessel, symptoms of vascular compromise or leg edema may be present. Because they are rare, definite diagnosis is often delayed. We present the case of an 88-year-old man who was admitted to our department with acute limb ischemia stage 4 according to Rutherford's criteria...
July 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Alessia Giaquinta, Pierfrancesco Veroux, Giuseppe D'Arrigo, Carla Virgilio, Vincenzo Ardita, Dovile Mociskyte, Massimiliano Veroux
Critical limb ischemia may be the consequence of chronic occlusion of an aneurysm of popliteal artery. Endovascular repairs have the potential to be less invasive than open surgery and to allow the treatment, during the same procedure, of occlusive infrapopliteal diseases achieving a better distal outflow. Eleven patients with occluded popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) underwent an endovascular repair of PAA using a new technique, by positioning of a Viabahn graft inside a bare nitinol stent, deployed at the level of aneurysm with the intent to avoid distal embolization and to assure an external scaffold for the Viabahn graft...
January 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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