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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343078/quality-of-life-among-hiv-infected-individuals-failing-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-resource-limited-settings
#1
Thiago S Torres, Linda J Harrison, Alberto M La Rosa, Jeffrey A Lavenberg, Lu Zheng, Steven A Safren, McNeil Ngongondo, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Mitch Matoga, Wadzanai Samaneka, Ann C Collier, Michael D Hughes
We evaluated health-related quality of life (QoL) in HIV infection participants with virologic failure (VF) on first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 9 resource-limited settings (RLS). ACTG SF-21 was completed by 512 participants at A5273 study entry; 8 domains assessed: general health perceptions (GHP), physical functioning (PF), role functioning (RF), social functioning (SF), cognitive functioning (CF), pain (P), mental health (MH), and energy/fatigue (E/F); each was scored between 0 (worst) to 100 (best)...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323556/modality-of-primary-hiv-disclosure-and-association-with-mental-health-stigma-and-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-tanzanian-youth-living-with-hiv
#2
Julia V Ramos, Blandina T Mmbaga, Elizabeth L Turner, Leonia L Rugalabamu, Severa Luhanga, Coleen K Cunningham, Dorothy E Dow
Disclosing HIV status to children before adolescence is a major challenge facing families and healthcare providers. This study used a mixed methods approach to explore the youth perspective of how youth living with HIV (YLHIV) found out their status and to quantify the association of disclosure modality with mental health, stigma, adherence, and HIV outcomes in adolescence. Youth 11-24 years of age attending adolescent HIV clinic in Moshi, Tanzania were included. Adolescents answered questions, including when and how they found out they had HIV, mental health surveys (nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and modified University of California Los Angeles trauma screen), modified Berger's stigma scale, and self-reported adherence...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301526/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-late-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-survivorship-related-quality-of-life-measure-laya-srql
#3
Diana Richter, Anja Mehnert, Florian Schepper, Katja Leuteritz, Crystal Park, Jochen Ernst
BACKGROUND: Cancer has adverse effects on patient's quality of life. As such, measuring quality of life (QoL) has become an integral part of psycho-oncological health care. Because adolescent and young adult patients have different needs in contrast to children and older cancer patients, instruments for adequately measuring QoL of cancer survivors in this age range are essential. As there is not a corresponding instrument in Germany, we aimed to validate the German version of the Late Adolescence and Young Adulthood Survivorship-Related Quality of Life Measure (LAYA-SRQL), a 30-item questionnaire covering 10 dimensions related to QoL...
January 4, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301007/low-birth-weight-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-uninfected-infants-in-bronx-new-york
#4
Jasmeen S Dara, David B Hanna, Kathryn Anastos, Rodney Wright, Betsy C Herold
Background: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been highly successful. However, HIV-exposed uninfected (HIV-EU) infants might be at increased risk for low birth weight and/or preterm birth. We compared the birth weights and gestational ages of HIV-EU infants to those of HIV-unexposed control infants in Bronx, New York, an epicenter of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Methods: This study was performed with a retrospective cohort of HIV-EU infants born at Montefiore Medical Center between 2008 and 2012 and HIV-unexposed control infants...
December 30, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289966/intestinal-microbiota-a-key-to-understanding-the-pathophysiology-of-anorexia-nervosa
#5
REVIEW
Hanna Karakuła-Juchnowicz, Hanna Pankowicz, Dariusz Juchnowicz, Jose Luis Valverde Piedra, Teresa Małecka-Massalska
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric disorder related to very serious consequences for physical and mental health of patients. Due to a complex clinical picture, which consists of anumber of somatic and mental symptoms, AN remains a serious problem of modern medicine and encourages the search for possible causes of the illness and new, more effective therapies. The recent reports emphasize the role of the intestinal microbiota in regulation of body weight. In this light, the hypothesis that in AN patients there is a significant imbalance of the intestinal microbiota, which contributes to the pathogenesis of the illness, seems interesting...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281681/depression-and-alcohol-use-disorder-at-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-led-to-disengagement-from-care-in-south-africa
#6
Cody Cichowitz, Noriah Maraba, Robin Hamilton, Salome Charalambous, Christopher J Hoffmann
We sought to assess mental health at the time of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation and subsequent retention in care over a six-month follow-up period. A total of 136 people living with HIV in South Africa were administered surveys measuring demographic information and mental health indicators at the time of ART initiation. Follow-up was completed via chart abstraction to assess for six-month outcomes of retention in care and viral suppression. At enrollment, 45/136 (33%), 67/136 (49%), and 45/136 (33%) participants screened positive for depression, anxiety, and alcohol use disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192361/the-impact-of-spiritual-intelligence-gender-and-educational-background-on-mental-health-among-college-students
#8
Naveen Pant, S K Srivastava
The present study is conducted on 300 PG-level college students in Haridwar, Uttarakhand (India). The aim of the present study is to examine the level of spiritual intelligence and mental health, to observe relationship between these two variables and also to identify the difference in spiritual intelligence and mental health across gender and educational background (arts and science). The purposive sampling technique is used to select 300 college students of both disciplines of arts and science from the four different government degree colleges/campuses in Haridwar...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182634/direct-provision-versus-facility-collection-of-hiv-self-tests-among-female-sex-workers-in-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-health-systems-trial
#9
Katrina Ortblad, Daniel Kibuuka Musoke, Thomson Ngabirano, Aidah Nakitende, Jonathan Magoola, Prossy Kayiira, Geoffrey Taasi, Leah G Barresi, Jessica E Haberer, Margaret A McConnell, Catherine E Oldenburg, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing allows HIV testing at any place and time and without health workers. HIV self-testing may thus be particularly useful for female sex workers (FSWs), who should test frequently but face stigma and financial and time barriers when accessing healthcare facilities. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled health systems trial among FSWs in Kampala, Uganda, to measure the effect of 2 HIV self-testing delivery models on HIV testing and linkage to care outcomes...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172944/-making-the-ordinary-more-extraordinary-exploring-creativity-as-a-health-promotion-practice-among-older-adults-in-a-community-based-professionally-taught-arts-program
#10
Adelita G Cantu, K Jill Fleuriet
PURPOSE: Document psychosocial and mental well-being outcomes across artistic mediums and classes of a community-based, professionally taught arts program for older adults. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-eight students completed pre and post class surveys about expectations/experiences when creating art in four mediums (painting, drawing, mixed media, creative writing). In addition, 162 students composed one-paragraph biographical narratives describing their relationships to art and creative engagement...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#11
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154483/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-mental-health-nursing-interventions
#12
EDITORIAL
M Crowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130867/using-the-experience-sampling-method-to-examine-the-psychological-mechanisms-by-which-participatory-art-improves-wellbeing
#13
Nicola J Holt
AIMS: To measure the immediate impact of art-making in everyday life on diverse indices of wellbeing ('in the moment' and longer term) in order to improve understanding of the psychological mechanisms by which art may improve mental health. METHODS: Using the experience-sampling method, 41 artists were prompted (with a 'beep' on a handheld computer) at random intervals (10 times a day, for one week) to answer a short questionnaire. The questionnaire tracked art-making and enquired about mood, cognition and state of consciousness...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130840/what-works-for-wellbeing-a-systematic-review-of-wellbeing-outcomes-for-music-and-singing-in-adults
#14
Norma Daykin, Louise Mansfield, Catherine Meads, Guy Julier, Alan Tomlinson, Annette Payne, Lily Grigsby Duffy, Jack Lane, Giorgia D'Innocenzo, Adele Burnett, Tess Kay, Paul Dolan, Stefano Testoni, Christina Victor
AIMS: The role of arts and music in supporting subjective wellbeing (SWB) is increasingly recognised. Robust evidence is needed to support policy and practice. This article reports on the first of four reviews of Culture, Sport and Wellbeing (CSW) commissioned by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-funded What Works Centre for Wellbeing ( https://whatworkswellbeing.org/ ). OBJECTIVE: To identify SWB outcomes for music and singing in adults. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in PsychInfo, Medline, ERIC, Arts and Humanities, Social Science and Science Citation Indexes, Scopus, PILOTS and CINAHL databases...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120205/university-counseling-service-for-improving-students-mental-health
#15
Francesca Vescovelli, Paolo Melani, Chiara Ruini, Pio Enrico Ricci Bitti, Fiorella Monti
The main aims of this study were to provide an initial sociodemographic and clinical characterization of university students' academic and psychological functioning and to investigate and compare the feasibility and clinical utility of psychotherapies (cognitive behavior vs. psychodynamic) delivered at a large University in Northern Italy for improving university students' mental health, using self and observer-report measures. One hundred forty-9 students (102 women; MAge = 24.55, SD = 3.35) were consecutively interviewed and extensively assessed by independent clinicians of the Service before and after the intervention, using the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation and the Global Assessment Scale...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052942/genealogies-of-recovery-the-framing-of-therapeutic-ambitions
#16
Brian Brown, Nick Manning
The notion of recovery has become prominent in mental healthcare discourse in the UK, but it is often considered as if it were a relatively novel notion, and as if it represented an alternative to conventional treatment and intervention. In this paper, we explore some of the origins of the notion of recovery in the early 20th century in movements such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Recovery Inc. Whilst these phenomena are not entirely continuous with recovery in the present day, some important antecedents of the contemporary notion can be detected...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025483/depressive-symptoms-and-hazardous-harmful-alcohol-use-are-prevalent-and-correlate-with-stigma-among-tb-hiv-patients-in-lesotho
#17
E Hayes-Larson, Y Hirsch-Moverman, S Saito, K Frederix, B Pitt, L Maama-Maime, A A Howard
SETTING: Limited data exist on the prevalence and correlates, including stigma, of mental health conditions, including depressive symptoms and alcohol use, among patients co-infected with tuberculosis (TB) and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in sub-Saharan Africa, despite their negative impact on health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms and hazardous/harmful alcohol use among TB-HIV patients in the Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022737/implementation-of-an-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-at-a-veterans-health-administration-residential-mental-health-facility
#18
Melinda A Gaddy
A 4-week interdisciplinary integrative medicine program was recently added to the core treatment offerings for veterans participating in the Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Program at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The new integrative medicine program teaches veterans about using meditative practices, nutrition, creative expression, tai chi, hatha yoga, sensory and breathing techniques, and lifestyle changes to enhance well-being. The groups are run by professionals from a variety of disciplines including recreation therapy, art therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and nutrition...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972630/perceptions-of-nursing-students-regarding-usage-of-art-therapy-in-mental-health
#19
Robyn Rice, Joyce Hunter, Marty Spies, Tracy Cooley
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of baccalaureate nursing students regarding the use of art therapy to promote a therapeutic relationship and communication with mental health patients. A literature review revealed a lack of research on this topic. METHOD: This was a qualitative study using principles of thematic analysis. RESULTS: Major themes found in the study included: Nursing Students' Initial Experiences With Mental Health Patients, Nursing Students' Observations of Mental Health Patients, and Nursing Students' and Mental Health Patients' Responses to Art Therapy...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964756/differences-in-health-related-quality-of-life-between-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-people-in-zambia-and-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-baseline-survey-of-the-hptn-071-popart-trial
#20
Ranjeeta Thomas, Ronelle Burger, Abigail Harper, Sarah Kanema, Lawrence Mwenge, Nosivuyile Vanqa, Nomtha Bell-Mandla, Peter C Smith, Sian Floyd, Peter Bock, Helen Ayles, Nulda Beyers, Deborah Donnell, Sarah Fidler, Richard Hayes, Katharina Hauck
BACKGROUND: The life expectancy of HIV-positive individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is approaching that of HIV-negative people. However, little is known about how these populations compare in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We aimed to compare HRQoL between HIV-positive and HIV-negative people in Zambia and South Africa. METHODS: As part of the HPTN 071 (PopART) study, data from adults aged 18-44 years were gathered between Nov 28, 2013, and March 31, 2015, in large cross-sectional surveys of random samples of the general population in 21 communities in Zambia and South Africa...
November 2017: Lancet Global Health
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