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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107430/discontinuation-from-antiretroviral-therapy-a-continuing-challenge-among-adults-in-hiv-care-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Paul Ward, Kifle Woldemichael Hajito, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Leila Mohammadi, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: Discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the immunological benefit of treatment and increases complications related to human immune-deficiency virus (HIV). However, the risk factors for ART discontinuation are poorly understood in developing countries particularly in Ethiopia. This review aimed to assess the best available evidence regarding risk factors for ART discontinuation in Ethiopia. METHODS: Quantitative studies conducted in Ethiopia between 2002 and 2015 that evaluated factors associated with ART discontinuation were sought across six major databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107161/art-therapy-exhibitions-exploitation-or-advocacy
#2
Terri Davis
Promoting awareness of human trafficking by sharing trauma survivors' art and summaries of their life stories suggests ethical complexities that have been typically neglected by bioethicists. Although these survivors voluntarily share the objects they created during art therapy sessions, they are still at risk of harm, including further exploitation, due to their vulnerability, high rates of victim sensitivity, and the mental health consequences of their traumatic experiences. While some argue that the benefits of sublimation and art therapy for human trafficking survivors make sharing their art worth the risk, anti-trafficking organizations and supporters of such art exhibitions have responsibilities to be trauma informed...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101618/-neurological-and-psychiatric-journals-during-the-third-reich-national-socialistic-and-racist-contents
#3
D Claus
The aim of this study was to investigate scientific articles in three German journals for national socialist and racist contents. The three journals evaluated for the period of the Third Reich were the Der Nervenarzt, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Nervenheilkunde and the Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten. The specialist disciplines of neurology and psychiatry were united in the year 1935 and Ernst Rüdin, a neurological geneticist, was appointed as president (Reichsleiter) of the society. The universal idea of a degenerative development, which was believed to exert a negative influence on public health, was widely accepted in this time period; therefore, in some articles measures were called for, such as termination of pregnancy, sterilization and castration of diseased people and also of criminals...
January 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096007/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-among-seropositive-african-americans
#4
Christopher Lance Coleman
The primary aim of this descriptive correlational study was to determine which domains of health related quality of life (HRQOL) after controlling for demographic correlates predict depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive African American men and women on Active Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD-D), and the SF-36 Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) scale were administered. The regression analyses resulted in three models...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093195/health-and-functioning-of-adolescents-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-technology
#5
Eyal Fruchter, Ronit Beck-Fruchter, Ariel Hourvitz, Mark Weiser, Shira Goldberg, Daphna Fenchel, Liat Lerner-Geva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the general health, mental health, and cognitive ability of assisted reproductive technology (ART)-conceived adolescents. DESIGN: A nested case-control study within a historic cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 253 ART-conceived adolescents born between 1982 and 1993 and 253 matched references according to birth year, gender, and the high-school they attended. INTERVENTION(S): None...
January 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080961/interoception-beyond-homeostasis-affect-cognition-and-mental-health
#6
Manos Tsakiris, Hugo Critchley
Interoception refers to the sensing of the internal state of one's body. Interoception is distinct from the processing of sensory information concerning external (non-self) stimuli (e.g. vision, hearing, touch and smell) and is the afferent axis to internal (autonomic and hormonal) physiological control. However, the impact of interoception extends beyond homeostatic/allostatic reflexes: it is proposed to be fundamental to motivation, emotion (affective feelings and behaviours), social cognition and self-awareness...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078741/effect-of-an-art-brut-therapy-program-called-go-beyond-the-schizophrenia-gbts-on-prison-inmates-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-longitudinal-and-controlled-trial
#7
Hong-Zhong Qiu, Zeng-Jie Ye, Mu-Zi Liang, Yue-Qun Huang, Wei Liu, Zhi-Dong Lu
: Creative arts therapies are proven to promote an interconnection between body and mind, but there are major obstacles for providing therapeutic services in prisons due to inmates' inherent mistrust for verbal disclosure and rigid self-defenses, especially among inmates with schizophrenia. Thus, we developed a structured and quantitative art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia to actually measure the benefits of art therapy on prison inmates in mainland China. Upon completion of the program, the intervention group reported a decrease in anxiety, depression, anger, and negative psychiatric symptoms and showed better compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medications, and regular sleeping patterns after 16 weekly sessions of go beyond the schizophrenia...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049604/evaluating-tumour-after-care-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-insights-into-patients-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Oliver Bissinger, Andrea Rau, Steffen Koerdt, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Marco Rainer Kesting, Carolin Götz
INTRODUCTION: Tumour aftercare (tac) is an essential tool in oncology. The main aim of these follow ups is to diagnose recurrence and second tumours from the beginning. Tac appointments can create a special environment for patients' further concerns. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate tac of patients diagnosed with OSCC and to investigate their health related quality of life (hrql). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A German questionnaire was created by two maxillo-facial surgeons with several years of tac experience...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028719/identification-of-chinese-medicine-constitution-in-public-health-services
#9
Ji Wang, Ying-Shua Li, Qi Wang
Public health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and prompting physical and mental health through evaluation, policy development and sanitary measures. The development of public health has become an important part of health care reform in China, and it requires the participation of Chinese medicine (CM) in the practice of public health. This study analyzed the problems of CM services in public health, suggested that the identification of CM constitution could propose an application paradigm of CM services in public health, and described from aspects of theory, technology and application...
December 27, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002186/barriers-to-universal-prescribing-of-antiretroviral-therapy-by-hiv-care-providers-in-the-united-states-2013-2014
#10
John Weiser, John T Brooks, Jacek Skarbinski, Brady T West, Christopher C Duke, Garrett W Gremel, Linda Beer
INTRODUCTION: HIV treatment guidelines recommend initiating ART regardless of CD4 cell (CD4) count, barring contraindications or barriers to treatment. An estimated 6% of persons receiving HIV care in 2013 were not prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART). We examined reasons for this gap in the care continuum. METHODS: During 2013-2014, we surveyed a probability sample of HIV care providers, of whom 1,234 returned surveys (64.0% adjusted response rate). We estimated percentages of providers who followed guidelines and their characteristics, and who deferred ART prescribing for any reason...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990577/relationships-among-adherence-and-physical-and-mental-health-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-rural-india
#11
Adeline Nyamathi, Maria Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Padma Ramakrishna, Kartik Yadav, Sanjeev Sinha, Angela Hudson, Catherine L Carpenter, Lenore Arab
We conducted a cross-sectional examination of the physical and psychological factors related to ART adherence among a sample of 400 women living with HIV/AIDS in rural India. Interviewer-administered measures assessed adherence, internalized stigma, depressive symptoms, quality of life, food insecurity, health history and sociodemographic information. CD4 counts were measured using blood collected at screening. Findings revealed that adherence to ART was generally low, with 94% of women taking 50% or less of prescribed medication in past month...
December 19, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977287/strengths-and-weaknesses-of-the-young-black-men-masculinities-and-mental-health-ybmen-facebook-project
#12
Daphne C Watkins, Julie Ober Allen, Janelle R Goodwill, Blake Noel
The Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project is a Facebook-based intervention that provides mental health education and social support to young Black men. The YBMen project was created to better understand and address the pressures and needs of young Black men, particularly with regard to issues related to their conceptualization of masculinity and mental health. Black men from a 2-year liberal arts college in the Midwest (United States) enrolled in the YBMen pilot project. The purpose of this study is to report what participants in the YBMen pilot project liked and disliked about the intervention, along with their suggestions for improvement...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974022/integrated-intervention-for-mental-health-co-morbidity-in-hiv-positive-individuals-a-public-health-assessment
#13
Monika Dos Santos, Gustaaf Wolvaardt
In South Africa, where it is estimated that more people have HIV than anywhere else in the world, HIV/AIDS and psychological disorder co-morbidity have been shown both to exacerbate the late diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and to affect adherence to ARVs. Targeted, affordable and evidence-based strategies to reach these populations are essential. Against this backdrop, a pilot project and situational assessment aimed at determining the context of psychological care and HIV treatment services in South Africa was undertaken...
December 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943261/efavirenz-or-nevirapine-in-three-drug-combination-therapy-with-two-nucleoside-or-nucleotide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-for-initial-treatment-of-hiv-infection-in-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals
#14
REVIEW
Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Sara Mursleen, James H Irlam, Alicen B Spaulding, George W Rutherford, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: The advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbidity and mortality due to HIV infection. The World Health Organization (WHO) ART guidelines focus on three classes of antiretroviral drugs, namely nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) and protease inhibitors. Two of the most common medications given as first-line treatment are the NNRTIs, efavirenz (EFV) and nevirapine (NVP)...
10, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941206/-psychosomatic-issues-in-the-rehabilitation-of-motor-organs
#15
Mariola Żuk
The relation between bodily health and mental health has been observed since ancien Times. Ancient teachers of the art of medicine advised to treat a person not an illness. Facination with the discoveries concerning the cell was the reason why investigation of somatic illnesses concentrated more and more on exploring physiology , ignoring mental aspects. Psychoanalysis, on the other hand considered mental sphere as the source of all illnesses. Although psychoanalitical approach is still controversial psychologists and doctors are still trying to find relations between personality traits and illnesses...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900611/couples-discontinuation-of-fertility-treatments-a-longitudinal-study-on-demographic-biomedical-and-psychosocial-risk-factors
#16
Juliana Pedro, Maria Pedro Sobral, Joana Mesquita-Guimarães, Carla Leal, Maria E Costa, Mariana V Martins
PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the role of infertility-psychosocial variables on treatment discontinuation after controlling for demographic and biomedical variables in couples seeking reimbursed fertility treatment. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 139 couples seeking fertility treatment. Between February 2010 and March 2011, participants completed measures of anxiety (STAI-State), depression (BDI-II), infertility-stress (FPI), and infertility coping strategies (COMPI-CSS)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900233/the-relationship-of-undergraduate-major-and-housing-with-depression-in-undergraduate-students
#17
Shaun Ajinkya, James F Schaus, Michael Deichen
INTRODUCTION: Past literature has shown that college undergraduates are particularly vulnerable to depression. The objective of this study is to find if certain majors and housing arrangements are associated with major depression as assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), after adjustment for age, gender, and family history of depression. METHODS: Participants were undergraduates at a large public university that used the university health center from April 1 - November 4, 2013...
September 18, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876048/an-integrated-approach-to-care-attracts-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-an-urban-centre-with-a-concentrated-hiv-epidemic
#18
S Fernando, R McNeil, K Closson, H Samji, S Kirkland, C Strike, R Baltzer Turje, W Zhang, R S Hogg, S Parashar
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLHIV) who are also marginalized by social and structural inequities often face barriers to accessing and adhering to HIV treatment and care. The Dr. Peter Centre (DPC) is a non-profit integrated care facility with a supervised injection room that serves PLHIV experiencing multiple barriers to social and health services in Vancouver, Canada. This study examines whether the DPC is successful in drawing in PLHIV with complex health issues, including addiction...
November 22, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835614/depression-at-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-and-clinical-outcomes-among-a-cohort-of-tanzanian-women-living-with-hiv
#19
Christopher R Sudfeld, Sylvia Kaaya, Nilupa S Gunaratna, Fedinand Mugusi, Wafaie W Fawzi, Said Aboud, Mary C Smith Fawzi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the relationship of depression at antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation with mortality and clinical outcomes among Tanzanian women living with HIV. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 1487 women who initiated ART in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS: Symptoms of depression and anxiety were assessed using a Tanzanian-adapted and validated version of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist...
January 14, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812453/child-art-psychotherapy-in-camhs-which-cases-are-referred-and-which-cases-drop-out
#20
Leslie Saba, Alison Byrne, Aisling Mulligan
BACKGROUND: The Vasarhelyi method of child art psychotherapy (CAP) is offered at certain Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. Children attend three introductory sessions, and then choose to continue weekly CAP or conclude the sessions. AIMS: This study aims to identify the clinical disorders and characteristics of patients referred to CAP, and to determine who engages with the therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of the clinical records of 67 children who attended CAP in DNCC/Mater CAMHS over 13 years was performed...
2016: SpringerPlus
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