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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896667/head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-clinical-and-pathologic-characterization-of-seven-cases
#1
Eleanor Chen, Robert Ricciotti, Neal Futran, Dolphine Oda
Head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma occurs frequently in children and adolescents, and has been well studied in that population. In contrast, it is rare in adults and is not as well characterized clinically and pathologically. Seven cases of adult rhabdomyosarcoma occurring in head and neck were retrieved from the archives of Department of Pathology and Division of Oral Pathology at University of Washington. Radiologic findings and clinical history, as well as pathologic findings from hematoxylin and eosin slides and immunohistochemistry for myogenic markers were reviewed...
November 28, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886033/efficacy-of-lytic-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteriophage-against-multidrug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-mice
#2
Joseph Michael Ochieng' Oduor, Nyamongo Onkoba, Fredrick Maloba, Washingtone Ouma Arodi, Atunga Nyachieo
INTRODUCTION: The use of bacteriophages as an alternative treatment method against multidrug-resistant bacteria has not been explored in Kenya. This study sought to determine the efficacy of environmentally obtained lytic bacteriophage against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MDRSA) bacterium in mice. METHODOLOGY: Staphylococcus aureus bacterium and S. aureus-specific lytic phage were isolated from sewage and wastewater collected within Nairobi County, Kenya...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849216/olfactory-function-and-quality-of-life-after-olfaction-rehabilitation-in-total-laryngectomees
#3
Christiane Gouvêa Dos Santos, Anke Bergmann, Kaliani Lima Coça, Angela Albuquerque Garcia, Tânia Cristina de Oliveira Valente
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of olfaction rehabilitation in the olfactory function and quality of life of total laryngectomized patients. Methods: Pre-post intervention clinical study conducted with total laryngectomees submitted to olfaction rehabilitation by means of the Nasal Airflow-Inducing Maneuver (NAIM) using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT), Olfactory Acuity Questionnaires, a Monitoring Questionnaire, and the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire (UW-QOL)...
November 16, 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833531/muscarinic-long-term-enhancement-of-tonic-and-phasic-gabaa-inhibition-in-rat-ca1-pyramidal-neurons
#4
Soledad Domínguez, David Fernández de Sevilla, Washington Buño
Acetylcholine (ACh) regulates network operation in the hippocampus by controlling excitation and inhibition in rat CA1 pyramidal neurons (PCs), the latter through gamma-aminobutyric acid type-A receptors (GABA A Rs). Although, the enhancing effects of ACh on GABA A Rs have been reported (Dominguez et al., 2014, 2015), its role in regulating tonic GABAA inhibition has not been explored in depth. Therefore, we aimed at determining the effects of the activation of ACh receptors on responses mediated by synaptic and extrasynaptic GABAARs...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831951/use-of-via-pap-smear-or-hr-hpv-testing-in-women-living-with-hiv-aids-for-post-treatment-cervical-cancer-screening-same-tests-different-priorities
#5
Omenge Orang'o, Tao Liu, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Peter Itsura, John Oguda, Sierra Washington, David Chumba, Latha Pisharodi, Susan Cu-Uvin, Anne F Rositch
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have addressed optimal follow-up for HIV-infected women after cervical treatment. This study aimed to compare performance of three available tests to detect post-treatment cervical disease in HIV-infected women in Kenya. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: At least six months following cryotherapy, 517 HIV-infected women were evaluated concurrently with VIA, Pap smear, and HR-HPV testing. Women positive by any test (≥LSIL for Pap) were scheduled for colposcopy and biopsy...
November 7, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815664/acceptability-of-rapid-hiv-testing-among-latinos-in-washington-heights-new-york-city-new-york-usa
#6
Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Yamnia I Cortes, Yue Long, Erida Castro-Rivas, Jianfang Liu
In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a disproportionately large impact on Latino Americans. This study assessed the acceptability of rapid HIV testing among a sample of Latinos from New York City. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 192 participants from The Washington Heights/Inwood Informatics Infrastructure for Community-Centered Comparative Effectiveness Research (WICER) study. Participants were interviewed and offered rapid HIV testing and post-test counseling. Seventy-five percent (n = 143) accepted rapid HIV testing when offered...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812298/mixture-emos-model-for-calibrating-ensemble-forecasts-of-wind-speed
#7
S Baran, S Lerch
Ensemble model output statistics (EMOS) is a statistical tool for post-processing forecast ensembles of weather variables obtained from multiple runs of numerical weather prediction models in order to produce calibrated predictive probability density functions. The EMOS predictive probability density function is given by a parametric distribution with parameters depending on the ensemble forecasts. We propose an EMOS model for calibrating wind speed forecasts based on weighted mixtures of truncated normal (TN) and log-normal (LN) distributions where model parameters and component weights are estimated by optimizing the values of proper scoring rules over a rolling training period...
March 2016: Environmetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766453/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-breast-cancer-survival-in-the-health-eating-activity-and-lifestyle-study
#8
Marian L Neuhouser, Ashley Wilder Smith, Stephanie M George, James T Gibson, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard Baumgartner, Catherine Duggan, Leslie Bernstein, Anne McTiernan, Rachel Ballard
PURPOSE: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common among breast cancer patients, but less is known about whether CAM influences breast cancer survival. METHODS: Health Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study participants (n = 707) were diagnosed with stage I-IIIA breast cancer. Participants completed a 30-month post-diagnosis interview including questions on CAM use (natural products such as dietary and botanical supplements, alternative health practices, and alternative medical systems), weight, physical activity, and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620719/dietary-composition-influences-incidence-of-helicobacter-pylori-induced-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-gastric-ulceration
#9
Amber C Beckett, M Blanca Piazuelo, Jennifer M Noto, Richard M Peek, M Kay Washington, Holly M Scott Algood, Timothy L Cover
Epidemiologic studies have provided conflicting data regarding an association between H. pylori infection and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in humans. Here, a Mongolian gerbil model was used to investigate a potential role of H. pylori infection, as well as a possible role of diet, in H. pylori-associated IDA. Mongolian gerbils (either H. pylori-infected or uninfected) received a normal diet or one of three diets associated with increased H. pylori virulence: high salt, low iron, or combination high salt/low iron...
September 12, 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606134/use-of-game-console-for-rehabilitation-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Levent Özgönenel, Sultan Çağırıcı, Murat Çabalar, Gülis Durmuşoğlu
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) predisposes to falls due to postural instability and decreased coordination. Postural and coordination exercises could ameliorate the incoordination and decrease falls. AIMS: In this study, we explored the efficiency of a game console as an adjunct to an exercise program in treating incoordination in patients with PD. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this single-blind, prospective clinical trial, rehabilitation with the Xbox (Microsoft; Washington, USA) game console was used as an adjunct to a standard rehabilitation program...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590105/national-institutes-of-health-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-late-effects-initiative-the-cardiovascular-disease-and-associated-risk-factors-working-group-report
#11
Saro H Armenian, Wassim Chemaitilly, Marcus Chen, Eric J Chow, Christine N Duncan, Lee W Jones, Michael A Pulsipher, Alan T Remaley, Alicia Rovo, Nina Salooja, Minoo Battiwalla
A number of studies have shown that autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) contribute to an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and worsening of cardiovascular risk factors that could contribute to further CVD over time. These observations, combined with a notable increase in the number of survivors after HCT in recent years, highlight the need for studies aimed at modifying risk or preventing these outcomes by changing specific approaches and/or post-HCT interventions...
August 30, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579992/telephone-problem-solving-for-service-members-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Kathleen R Bell, Jesse R Fann, Jo Ann Brockway, Wesley R Cole, Nigel E Bush, Sureyya Dikmen, Tessa Hart, Ariel J Lang, Gerald Grant, Gregory Gahm, Mark A Reger, Jef St De Lore, Joan Machamer, Karin Ernstrom, Rema Raman, Sonia Jain, Murray B Stein, Nancy Temkin
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common injury for service members in recent military conflicts. There is insufficient evidence of how best to treat the consequences of mTBI. In a randomized, clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy of telephone-delivered problem-solving treatment (PST) on psychological and physical symptoms in 356 post-deployment active duty service members from Joint Base Lewis McChord, Washington, and Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Members with medically confirmed mTBI sustained during deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan within the previous 24 months received PST or education-only (EO) interventions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567561/alcohol-use-risk-in-adolescents-2-years-after-bariatric-surgery
#13
Meg H Zeller, Gia A Washington, James E Mitchell, David B Sarwer, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Todd M Jenkins, Anita P Courcoulas, James L Peugh, Marc P Michalsky, Thomas H Inge
BACKGROUND: Problematic alcohol use and increased sensitivity postoperatively in adult weight loss surgery patients heightens concerns. No data have characterized these behaviors in adolescents-a gap, given adolescent alcohol use and heavy drinking are public health concerns. OBJECTIVE: To examine alcohol use behavior in adolescents who underwent weight loss surgery across the first two post-operative years in comparison to nonsurgical adolescents. SETTING: Five academic medical centers...
May 25, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553626/evaluation-of-a-risk-stratification-strategy-to-improve-primary-care-for-low-back-pain-the-match-cluster-randomized-trial-protocol
#14
Dan Cherkin, Benjamin Balderson, Georgie Brewer, Andrea Cook, Katherine Talbert Estlin, Sarah C Evers, Nadine E Foster, Jonathan C Hill, Rene Hawkes, Clarissa Hsu, Mark Jensen, Anne-Marie LaPorte, Martin D Levine, Diane Piekara, Pam Rock, Karen Sherman, Gail Sowden, Rob Wellman, John Yeoman
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous options for treating back pain and the increasing healthcare resources devoted to this problem, the prevalence and impact of back pain-related disability has not improved. It is now recognized that psychosocial factors, as well as physical factors, are important predictors of poor outcomes for back pain. A promising new approach that matches treatments to the physical and psychosocial obstacles to recovery, the STarT Back risk stratification approach, improved patients' physical function while reducing costs of care in the United Kingdom (UK)...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552496/non-medical-use-of-prescription-opioids-is-associated-with-heroin-initiation-among-us-veterans-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Geetanjoli Banerjee, E Jennifer Edelman, Declan T Barry, William C Becker, Magdalena Cerdá, Stephen Crystal, Julie R Gaither, Adam J Gordon, Kirsha S Gordon, Robert D Kerns, Silvia S Martins, David A Fiellin, Brandon D L Marshall
AIMS: To estimate the influence of non-medical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) on heroin initiation among US veterans receiving medical care. DESIGN: Using a multivariable Cox regression model, we analyzed data from a prospective, multi-site, observational study of HIV-infected and an age/race/site-matched control group of HIV-uninfected veterans in care in the United States. Approximately annual behavioral assessments were conducted and contained self-reported measures of NMUPO and heroin use...
November 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551649/the-impact-of-obesity-on-patient-reported-outcomes-following-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#16
Harsha Koneru, Robyn Cyr, Li Rebekah Feng, Edward Bae, Malika T Danner, Marilyn Ayoob, Thomas M Yung, Siyuan Lei, Brian T Collins, Leorey Saligan, Suy Simeng, Deepak Kumar, Sean P Collins
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between obesity (Body Mass Index ->30 kg/m(2)) and quality of life (QoL) following prostate cancer (PCa) radiation therapy (RT) is unknown. Excess abdominal fat may compromise the precise delivery of radiation, putting surrounding organs at risk for greater radiation exposure. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) utilizes a real-time tracking system that provides updated prostate position information and allows for correction of the therapeutic beam during treatment with high accuracy...
2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550614/a-cross-jurisdictional-evaluation-of-insurance-coverage-among-hiv-care-patients-following-the-affordable-care-act
#17
Julia E Hood, Susan E Buskin, Bridget J Anderson, Alexandra Gagner, Jennifer Kienzle, David Maggio, Katie Markey, Jennifer Reuer, Nanette Benbow, Pascale Wortley
The impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on HIV care patients, aged 18-64, was evaluated in three jurisdictions with Medicaid expansion (Chicago, New York State, and Washington) and three jurisdictions without Medicaid expansion (Georgia, Texas, and Virginia) using data from the Medical Monitoring Project. Multivariate regression models were used to evaluate insurance status that was reported pre- and post-ACA; self-reported impact of ACA on HIV care was explored with descriptive statistics. The likelihood of having insurance was significantly greater post-ACA compared to pre-ACA in Chicago (aRR = 1...
August 23, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535323/impact-of-state-medicaid-expansion-status-on-length-of-stay-and-in-hospital-mortality-for-general-medicine-patients-at-us-academic-medical-centers
#18
Mary E Anderson, Jeffrey J Glasheen, Debra Anoff, Read Pierce, Molly Lane, Christine D Jones
BACKGROUND: Medicaid is often associated with longer hospitalizations and higher in-hospital mortality than other insurance types. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the impact of state Medicaid expansion status under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on payer mix, length of stay (LOS), and in-hospital mortality. DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: Retrospective cohort study of general medicine patients discharged from academic medical centers (AMCs) within the University HealthSystem Consortium from October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510930/charting-the-course-to-universal-health-in-the-americas-cristian-morales-phd-paho-who-representative-in-cuba
#19
Gail Reed
After leaving Chile during the Pinochet era, Dr Morales studied economics, health administration and international health at the University of Montreal. But his baptism in the field came in Haiti, where he was first PAHO advisor to the health ministry, and then for five years was responsible for human resources and health economics in the PAHO offices in the capital of Port-au-Prince. He was at his post during the flooding in Gonaïves, five hurricanes, the 2010 earthquake and the ensuing cholera epidemic-doubtless the most dramatic and complex times for the country's health in recent history...
July 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501401/incidence-and-outcomes-of-bloodstream-infections-among-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-from-species-commonly-reported-to-be-in-over-the-counter-probiotic-formulations
#20
S A Cohen, M C Woodfield, N Boyle, Z Stednick, M Boeckh, S A Pergam
BACKGROUND: Probiotic supplementation has been promoted for numerous health conditions; however, safety in immunosuppressed patients is unknown. We evaluated bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by common probiotic organisms in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients. METHODS: All blood culture (BC) results from a cohort of hematopoietic cell transplant recipients transplanted at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Washington, between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed...
October 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
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