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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077095/geographic-information-system-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-recommendations-for-policy-and-programs
#1
Yordanos B Molla, Barbara Rawlins, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Marc Cunningham, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Corrine Warren Ruktanonchai, Kavita Singh, Sylvia Alford, Mira Thompson, Vikas Dwivedi, Allisyn C Moran, Zoe Matthews
This correspondence argues and offers recommendations for how Geographic Information System (GIS) applied to maternal and newborn health data could potentially be used as part of the broader efforts for ending preventable maternal and newborn mortality. These recommendations were generated from a technical consultation on reporting and mapping maternal deaths that was held in Washington, DC from January 12 to 13, 2015 and hosted by the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) global Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073564/education-and-notification-approaches-for-harmful-algal-blooms-habs-washington-state-usa
#2
F Joan Hardy, Debra Bouchard, Marisa Burghdoff, Ray Hanowell, Beth LeDoux, Ellen Preece, Lindsay Tuttle, Gene Williams
While numerous strategies have been used to educate and notify the public about potential hazards from exposure to Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), at present there are no national guidelines or suggested outreach approaches. To raise public awareness and determine effective HAB outreach methods, two Washington State agencies and three counties in the Puget Sound region implemented several education and notification strategies. These approaches were rated for effectiveness by state and county public health and water quality professionals...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063773/the-implementation-of-a-naloxone-rescue-program-in-university-students
#3
Shannon G Panther, Brenda S Bray, John R White
OBJECTIVE: Responding to the nationwide opioid overdose epidemic, Washington State University initiated a naloxone safety net project intending to increase awareness of opioid overdose, increase the availability of naloxone, and examine university students' perceptions regarding the usefulness of a novel, large-group audience-training model. SETTING: A Washington State University campus. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: In September 2014, university students were recruited to attended a large-group audience training event which included opioid overdose prevention, recognition, and first response...
January 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993924/limited-effectiveness-of-a-skills-and-drills-intervention-to-improve-emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care-in-karnataka-india-a-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Beena Varghese, Jayanna Krishnamurthy, Blaze Correia, Ruchika Panigrahi, Maryann Washington, Vinotha Ponnuswamy, Prem Mony
OBJECTIVE: The majority of the maternal and perinatal deaths are preventable through improved emergency obstetric and newborn care at facilities. However, the quality of such care in India has significant gaps in terms of provider skills and in their preparedness to handle emergencies. We tested the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a "skills and drills" intervention, implemented between July 2013 and September 2014, to improve emergency obstetric and newborn care in the state of Karnataka, India...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955650/development-of-an-ovine-efferent-mammary-lymphatic-cannulation-model-with-minimal-tissue-damage
#5
Hung-Hsun Yen, Elizabeth Washington, Wayne Kimpton, Evan Hallein, Joanne Allen, Silk Yu Lin, Stuart Barber
BACKGROUND: Two mammary lymphatic cannulation models in sheep have been described with minimal use in the past 50 years. The purpose of this study was to investigate a new surgical technique to allow long term monitoring of mammary lymph flow and composition from the mammary glands, with rapid ewe recovery and minimal complications post-surgery. RESULTS: We developed a modified methodology for cannulating the efferent mammary lymphatic from the mammary lymph node with minimum tissue damage...
December 12, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896667/head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-clinical-and-pathologic-characterization-of-seven-cases
#6
Eleanor Chen, Robert Ricciotti, Neal Futran, Dolphine Oda
Head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma occurs frequently in children and adolescents, and has been well studied in that population. In contrast, it is rare in adults and is not as well characterized clinically and pathologically. Seven cases of adult rhabdomyosarcoma occurring in head and neck were retrieved from the archives of Department of Pathology and Division of Oral Pathology at University of Washington. Radiologic findings and clinical history, as well as pathologic findings from hematoxylin and eosin slides and immunohistochemistry for myogenic markers were reviewed...
November 28, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886033/efficacy-of-lytic-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteriophage-against-multidrug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-mice
#7
Joseph Michael Ochieng' Oduor, Nyamongo Onkoba, Fredrick Maloba, Washingtone Ouma Arodi, Atunga Nyachieo
INTRODUCTION: The use of bacteriophages as an alternative treatment method against multidrug-resistant bacteria has not been explored in Kenya. This study sought to determine the efficacy of environmentally obtained lytic bacteriophage against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MDRSA) bacterium in mice. METHODOLOGY: Staphylococcus aureus bacterium and S. aureus-specific lytic phage were isolated from sewage and wastewater collected within Nairobi County, Kenya...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849216/olfactory-function-and-quality-of-life-after-olfaction-rehabilitation-in-total-laryngectomees
#8
Christiane Gouvêa Dos Santos, Anke Bergmann, Kaliani Lima Coça, Angela Albuquerque Garcia, Tânia Cristina de Oliveira Valente
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of olfaction rehabilitation in the olfactory function and quality of life of total laryngectomized patients. Methods: Pre-post intervention clinical study conducted with total laryngectomees submitted to olfaction rehabilitation by means of the Nasal Airflow-Inducing Maneuver (NAIM) using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT), Olfactory Acuity Questionnaires, a Monitoring Questionnaire, and the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire (UW-QOL)...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833531/muscarinic-long-term-enhancement-of-tonic-and-phasic-gabaa-inhibition-in-rat-ca1-pyramidal-neurons
#9
Soledad Domínguez, David Fernández de Sevilla, Washington Buño
Acetylcholine (ACh) regulates network operation in the hippocampus by controlling excitation and inhibition in rat CA1 pyramidal neurons (PCs), the latter through gamma-aminobutyric acid type-A receptors (GABA A Rs). Although, the enhancing effects of ACh on GABA A Rs have been reported (Dominguez et al., 2014, 2015), its role in regulating tonic GABAA inhibition has not been explored in depth. Therefore, we aimed at determining the effects of the activation of ACh receptors on responses mediated by synaptic and extrasynaptic GABAARs...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831951/use-of-via-pap-smear-or-hr-hpv-testing-in-women-living-with-hiv-aids-for-post-treatment-cervical-cancer-screening-same-tests-different-priorities
#10
Omenge Orang'o, Tao Liu, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Peter Itsura, John Oguda, Sierra Washington, David Chumba, Latha Pisharodi, Susan Cu-Uvin, Anne F Rositch
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have addressed optimal follow-up for HIV-infected women after cervical treatment. This study aimed to compare performance of three available tests to detect post-treatment cervical disease in HIV-infected women in Kenya. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: At least six months following cryotherapy, 517 HIV-infected women were evaluated concurrently with VIA, Pap smear, and HR-HPV testing. Women positive by any test (≥LSIL for Pap) were scheduled for colposcopy and biopsy...
November 7, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815664/acceptability-of-rapid-hiv-testing-among-latinos-in-washington-heights-new-york-city-new-york-usa
#11
Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Yamnia I Cortes, Yue Long, Erida Castro-Rivas, Jianfang Liu
In the United States, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a disproportionately large impact on Latino Americans. This study assessed the acceptability of rapid HIV testing among a sample of Latinos from New York City. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 192 participants from The Washington Heights/Inwood Informatics Infrastructure for Community-Centered Comparative Effectiveness Research (WICER) study. Participants were interviewed and offered rapid HIV testing and post-test counseling. Seventy-five percent (n = 143) accepted rapid HIV testing when offered...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812298/mixture-emos-model-for-calibrating-ensemble-forecasts-of-wind-speed
#12
S Baran, S Lerch
Ensemble model output statistics (EMOS) is a statistical tool for post-processing forecast ensembles of weather variables obtained from multiple runs of numerical weather prediction models in order to produce calibrated predictive probability density functions. The EMOS predictive probability density function is given by a parametric distribution with parameters depending on the ensemble forecasts. We propose an EMOS model for calibrating wind speed forecasts based on weighted mixtures of truncated normal (TN) and log-normal (LN) distributions where model parameters and component weights are estimated by optimizing the values of proper scoring rules over a rolling training period...
March 2016: Environmetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766453/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-breast-cancer-survival-in-the-health-eating-activity-and-lifestyle-study
#13
Marian L Neuhouser, Ashley Wilder Smith, Stephanie M George, James T Gibson, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard Baumgartner, Catherine Duggan, Leslie Bernstein, Anne McTiernan, Rachel Ballard
PURPOSE: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common among breast cancer patients, but less is known about whether CAM influences breast cancer survival. METHODS: Health Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study participants (n = 707) were diagnosed with stage I-IIIA breast cancer. Participants completed a 30-month post-diagnosis interview including questions on CAM use (natural products such as dietary and botanical supplements, alternative health practices, and alternative medical systems), weight, physical activity, and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620719/dietary-composition-influences-incidence-of-helicobacter-pylori-induced-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-gastric-ulceration
#14
Amber C Beckett, M Blanca Piazuelo, Jennifer M Noto, Richard M Peek, M Kay Washington, Holly M Scott Algood, Timothy L Cover
Epidemiologic studies have provided conflicting data regarding an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in humans. Here, a Mongolian gerbil model was used to investigate a potential role of H. pylori infection, as well as a possible role of diet, in H. pylori-associated IDA. Mongolian gerbils (either H. pylori infected or uninfected) received a normal diet or one of three diets associated with increased H. pylori virulence: high-salt, low-iron, or a combination of a high-salt and low-iron diet...
December 2016: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606134/use-of-game-console-for-rehabilitation-of-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Levent Özgönenel, Sultan Çağırıcı, Murat Çabalar, Gülis Durmuşoğlu
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) predisposes to falls due to postural instability and decreased coordination. Postural and coordination exercises could ameliorate the incoordination and decrease falls. AIMS: In this study, we explored the efficiency of a game console as an adjunct to an exercise program in treating incoordination in patients with PD. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: In this single-blind, prospective clinical trial, rehabilitation with the Xbox (Microsoft; Washington, USA) game console was used as an adjunct to a standard rehabilitation program...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590105/national-institutes-of-health-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-late-effects-initiative-the-cardiovascular-disease-and-associated-risk-factors-working-group-report
#16
Saro H Armenian, Wassim Chemaitilly, Marcus Chen, Eric J Chow, Christine N Duncan, Lee W Jones, Michael A Pulsipher, Alan T Remaley, Alicia Rovo, Nina Salooja, Minoo Battiwalla
A number of studies have shown that autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) contribute to an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and worsening of cardiovascular risk factors that could contribute to further CVD over time. These observations, combined with a notable increase in the number of survivors after HCT in recent years, highlight the need for studies aimed at modifying risk or preventing these outcomes by changing specific approaches and/or post-HCT interventions...
February 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579992/telephone-problem-solving-for-service-members-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Kathleen R Bell, Jesse R Fann, Jo Ann Brockway, Wesley R Cole, Nigel E Bush, Sureyya Dikmen, Tessa Hart, Ariel J Lang, Gerald Grant, Gregory Gahm, Mark A Reger, Jef St De Lore, Joan Machamer, Karin Ernstrom, Rema Raman, Sonia Jain, Murray B Stein, Nancy Temkin
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common injury for service members in recent military conflicts. There is insufficient evidence of how best to treat the consequences of mTBI. In a randomized, clinical trial, we evaluated the efficacy of telephone-delivered problem-solving treatment (PST) on psychological and physical symptoms in 356 post-deployment active duty service members from Joint Base Lewis McChord, Washington, and Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Members with medically confirmed mTBI sustained during deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan within the previous 24 months received PST or education-only (EO) interventions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567561/alcohol-use-risk-in-adolescents-2-years-after-bariatric-surgery
#18
Meg H Zeller, Gia A Washington, James E Mitchell, David B Sarwer, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Todd M Jenkins, Anita P Courcoulas, James L Peugh, Marc P Michalsky, Thomas H Inge
BACKGROUND: Problematic alcohol use and increased sensitivity postoperatively in adult weight loss surgery patients heightens concerns. No data have characterized these behaviors in adolescents-a gap, given adolescent alcohol use and heavy drinking are public health concerns. OBJECTIVE: To examine alcohol use behavior in adolescents who underwent weight loss surgery across the first two post-operative years in comparison to nonsurgical adolescents. SETTING: Five academic medical centers...
May 25, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553626/evaluation-of-a-risk-stratification-strategy-to-improve-primary-care-for-low-back-pain-the-match-cluster-randomized-trial-protocol
#19
Dan Cherkin, Benjamin Balderson, Georgie Brewer, Andrea Cook, Katherine Talbert Estlin, Sarah C Evers, Nadine E Foster, Jonathan C Hill, Rene Hawkes, Clarissa Hsu, Mark Jensen, Anne-Marie LaPorte, Martin D Levine, Diane Piekara, Pam Rock, Karen Sherman, Gail Sowden, Rob Wellman, John Yeoman
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous options for treating back pain and the increasing healthcare resources devoted to this problem, the prevalence and impact of back pain-related disability has not improved. It is now recognized that psychosocial factors, as well as physical factors, are important predictors of poor outcomes for back pain. A promising new approach that matches treatments to the physical and psychosocial obstacles to recovery, the STarT Back risk stratification approach, improved patients' physical function while reducing costs of care in the United Kingdom (UK)...
August 24, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552496/non-medical-use-of-prescription-opioids-is-associated-with-heroin-initiation-among-us-veterans-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Geetanjoli Banerjee, E Jennifer Edelman, Declan T Barry, William C Becker, Magdalena Cerdá, Stephen Crystal, Julie R Gaither, Adam J Gordon, Kirsha S Gordon, Robert D Kerns, Silvia S Martins, David A Fiellin, Brandon D L Marshall
AIMS: To estimate the influence of non-medical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) on heroin initiation among US veterans receiving medical care. DESIGN: Using a multivariable Cox regression model, we analyzed data from a prospective, multi-site, observational study of HIV-infected and an age/race/site-matched control group of HIV-uninfected veterans in care in the United States. Approximately annual behavioral assessments were conducted and contained self-reported measures of NMUPO and heroin use...
November 2016: Addiction
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