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Lois James, Natalie Todak
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in a sample of prison employees, investigate risk factors, and explore protective factors for PTSD. METHODS: We surveyed 355 Washington State Department of Corrections employees. The survey included the PTSD checklist for the DSM-5 (PCL-5), the Critical Incident History Questionnaire, and the Work Environment Inventory. RESULTS: We found 19% of the sample met the criteria for diagnosable PTSD...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Marcel W M Post, Jacinthe J E Adriaansen, Claudio Peter
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional psychometric study. OBJECTIVES: The University of Washington Self-Efficacy Scale (UW-SES) is a measure of self-efficacy regarding managing challenges related to multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury (SCI) that can be used across disabling conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of its short form, the UW-SES-6, using the Rasch model. SETTING: Community, The Netherlands...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
Benjamin J Booth, Stephen M Bowman, Mauricio A Escobar, Sam R Sharar
BACKGROUND: Initial results of Washington State's quality improvement initiative addressing the management of blunt traumatic pediatric spleen injuries were published in 2008. In this update, we evaluated whether these effects were sustained over time. METHODS: Data from the Washington Trauma Registry for years 1999-2001 (pre-intervention), 2003-2005 (post-intervention), and 2012-2014 (follow-up) were used in a retrospective cohort study. Children between ages 0 to 14 years who were hospitalized with a traumatic blunt spleen injury were included...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Katherine J Briant, Janeth I Sanchez, Genoveva Ibarra, Monica Escareño, Nora E Gonzalez, Virginia Jimenez Gonzalez, Nathan Marchello, Stephanie Louie, Beti Thompson
BACKGROUND: Disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rates exist among racial/ethnic minorities, especially those living in rural areas. There is an urgent need to implement interventions to improve CRC screening behaviors among such groups, particularly those living in rural areas in the US. METHODS: From a rural community of Hispanics, we recruited participants to attend home-based promotor(a)-led "home health parties" in which participants were taught about CRC screening; participants aged 50 and older were given a free fecal occult blood test (FOBT) kit to complete on their own...
June 5, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Katinka Kansy, Jürgen Hoffmann, Obada Alhalabi, Nicole Mistele, Kolja Freier, Christian Mertens, Christian Freudlsperger, Michael Engel
PURPOSE: Depending on the site and size of head and neck cancer, the disease affects patients' appearance and subsequently their quality of life. The aim of this study was to correlate subjective and objective evaluation of facial appearance and associated quality of life following ablative tumor surgery and microsurgical reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients with combined ablative and reconstructive microsurgical procedure for head and neck malignancy and seven patients with non-malignant disease were examined by three-dimensional (3D) (photogrammetry at least 6 months post-surgery and were evaluated by two-dimensional (2D) and 3D means for symmetry and facial proportions...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Leah B Strickland-Marmol, Carlos A Muro-Cacho, Kay Washington, Philip R Foulis
CONTEXT: - Cancer registrars should work closely with pathologists to ensure compliance with reporting standards. Many registrars, however, have little contact with pathologists, resulting in a lack of "real-time" interaction that is essential for their professional activities and development. OBJECTIVE: - To facilitate registrars' case management, as cancer biology becomes more complex, we developed the ATP (Ask the Pathologist) forum as a place to ask pathology-related questions about neoplasms, such as terminology, biology, histologic classification, extent of disease, molecular markers, and prognostic factors...
May 30, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Joanna E Bulkley, Carmit K McMullen, Marcia Grant, Christopher Wendel, Mark C Hornbrook, Robert S Krouse
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment for rectal cancer (RC) can result in an intestinal ostomy that requires lifelong adaptation and investment of physical, cognitive, and financial resources. However, little is known about the extent of ongoing challenges related to ostomy self-care among long-term RC survivors. We analyzed the prevalence of self-reported ostomy self-care challenges and the physical and environmental factors that can support or undermine ostomy self-care. METHODS: We mailed surveys to long-term (≥ 5 years post-diagnosis) RC survivors, including 177 adults with ostomies who were members of integrated health systems in northern California, Oregon, and Washington State...
May 29, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Holly B Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Robert J Ursano
OBJECTIVE: A series of sniper attacks in the Washington, DC, area left 10 people dead and three wounded. The authors examined the relationship of sniper-related television (TV) viewing, identification with victims, and peritraumatic dissociation to post-traumatic stress symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 1,238 DC residents (ages 18-90, M = 41.7; 51 percent female; 68 percent White) who completed an online survey including items assessing identification, amount of TV, peritraumatic dissociation, and post-traumatic stress symptoms...
January 2018: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
Suman Rao, Prashanth Thankachan, Bharadwaj Amrutur, Maryann Washington, Prem K Mony
Background: Remote biomonitoring of vital parameters in hospitals and homes has the potential to improve coverage and quality of maternal and neonatal health. Wearable sensors coupled with modern information and communication technology now offer an opportunity to monitor temperatures and kangaroo mother care (KMC) adherence in a continuous and real-time manner remotely for several days' duration in hospital and home settings. Using an innovative remote biomonitoring device to measure both temperature and baby position, we undertook a techno-feasibility study in preparation for a clinical trial...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Pooja Lakshmin, Veronica Slootsky, Peter B Polatin, James L Griffith
Testimonial psychotherapy is a therapeutic ritual for facilitating the recovery of survivors of human rights violations that focuses on sharing the trauma narrative. Originally developed in Chile as a method for collecting evidence during legal proceedings, testimonial therapy has been widely applied transculturally as a unique treatment modality for populations that are not amenable to traditional Western psychotherapy. In this case report, we first review the literature on testimonial therapy to this date...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Ashley Peart, Danielle Wadsworth, Jessica Washington, Gretchen Oliver
Peart, A, Wadsworth, D, Washington, J, and Oliver, G. Body composition assessment in female National Collegiate Athletic Association division I softball athletes as a function of playing position across a multiyear time frame. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to record changes in total body mass, lean body mass (LBM), fat mass (FM), and body fat percentage (BF%) in female National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I level softball athletes over a multiyear time frame using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (iDXA)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jessica Washington, Gabrielle Gilmer, Gretchen Oliver
During an overhead throw, the gluteal muscle group stabilizes the lumbopelvic-hip complex (LPHC), leading to efficient energy transfer from the lower to upper extremity. It has been shown that LPHC instability can lead to throwing pathomechanics. The single leg squat has become a common assessment for LPHC stability, and could be used to determine the effects of fatigue on throwing athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an acute abduction fatigue protocol on the LPHC of collegiate softball players via the single leg squat assessment of the leg ipsilateral to the throwing arm...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Tej D Azad, Daniel Vail, Chloe O'Connell, Summer S Han, Anand Veeravagu, John K Ratliff
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The role of arthrodesis in the surgical management of lumbar spondylolisthesis remains controversial. We hypothesized that practice patterns and outcomes for this patient population may vary widely. PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize geographic variation in surgical practices and outcomes for patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A retrospective analysis on a national longitudinal database between 2007 and 2014 was carried out...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Xin Sun, Zonghuan Lu, Yu Xiang, Yiping Wang, Jian Shi, Gwo-Ching Wang, Morris A Washington, Toh-Ming Lu
Antimony (Sb) nanostructures, including islands, sheets, and thin films, of high crystallinity were epitaxially grown on single-crystalline graphene through van der Waals interactions. Two types of graphene substrates grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) were used, the as-grown graphene on Cu(111)/c-sapphire and the transferred graphene on SiO2/Si. On the as-grown graphene, deposition of ultrathin Sb resulted in two growth modes and associated morphologies of Sb. One was Sb islands grown in Volmer-Weber (VW) mode and the other was Sb sheets grown in Frank-van der Merve (FM) mode...
May 10, 2018: ACS Nano
Jonathan P Caulkins, Yilun Bao, Steve Davenport, Imane Fahli, Yutian Guo, Krista Kinnard, Mary Najewicz, Lauren Renaud, Beau Kilmer
INTRODUCTION: Voters in eight U.S. states have passed initiatives to legalize large-scale commercial production of cannabis for non-medical use. All plan or require some form of "seed-to-sale" tracking systems, which provide a view of cannabis market activity at a heretofore unimagined level of detail. Legal markets also create a range of new matters for policy makers to address. DATA: Publicly available data were obtained on approximately 45 million individually priced items purchased in the 35 million retail transactions that took place during the first two and a half years of Washington State's legal cannabis market...
April 27, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Max J Romano, Patryce Toye, Loral Patchen
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare continuation and complication rates of subdermal etonogestrel implants and intrauterine devices (IUDs) using Medicaid insurance claims. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study using insurance claims data for 15- to 44-year-old subjects receiving implants or IUDs from 2012 to 2015 in a Medicaid managed care organization in Washington, DC, and Maryland. We performed a planned Kaplan-Meier survival analysis for long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) continuation, defined as the absence of a claim for LARC removal, during periods of continuous insurance plan enrollment...
April 24, 2018: Contraception
David A Katz, Matthew R Golden, James P Hughes, Carey Farquhar, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: Self-testing may increase HIV testing and decrease the time people with HIV are unaware of their status, but there is concern that absence of counseling may result in increased HIV risk. SETTING: Seattle, Washington. METHODS: We randomly assigned 230 high-risk HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) to have access to oral fluid HIV self-tests at no cost versus testing as usual .for 15 months. The primary outcome was self-reported number of HIV tests during follow-up...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Sangeeta Hingorani, Emily Pao, Phil Stevenson, Gary Schoch, Benjamin L Laskin, Ted Gooley, George B McDonald
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kidney injury is a significant complication for patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), but few studies have prospectively examined changes in GFR in long-term survivors of HCT. We described the association between changes in GFR and all-cause mortality in patients up to 10 years after HCT. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a prospective, observational cohort study of adult patients undergoing HCT at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center in Seattle, Washington from 2003 to 2015...
June 7, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Esi W Nkyekyer, Deborah Fulton-Kehoe, June Spector, Gary Franklin
OBJECTIVE: To characterize pre-injury prescription opioid and benzodiazepine use and its relationship with post-injury use and missed work among workers. METHODS: 313,543 Washington State Department of Labor and Industries workers' compensation injury claims from 2012-2015 were linked with State Prescription Monitoring Program data. Pre-injury prevalence of opioid and benzodiazepine use were compared between compensable and non-compensable claims, and between workers with and without post-injury prescriptions, using the Pearson Chi-Square test...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jessica K Washington, Gabrielle G Gilmer, Jeff W Barfield, Sarah S Gascon, Michael G Saper, Jeffrey R Dugas, James R Andrews, Gretchen D Oliver
The purpose of this study was to determine how stride length, segmental sequencing of the pelvis, trunk, humerus, and forearm velocities and accelerations, and the timing of these values change as youth mature. Thirteen youth baseball pitchers participated at three consecutive time points: visit 1 (10.7±1.3 years; 151.8±10.7 cm; 45.0±9.65 kg), visit 2 (11.5±1.6 years; 155.5±11.1 cm; 50.4±10.0 kg), and visit 3 (12.4±1.7 years; 161.5±11.7 cm; 56.4±10.8 kg). Participants executed three pitches for a strike to a catcher...
June 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
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