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Qi Ying Li McClelland, Maria Ivanna Avalos, Marina Reznik
OBJECTIVE: Physical education (PE) teachers may be the first to assist students with asthma attacks during PE class. This study explores the PE teachers' perspectives on in-school asthma management and barriers to physical activity (PA) in children with asthma attending urban elementary schools. METHODS: We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with 16 PE teachers from 10 Bronx, NY elementary schools. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and independently coded...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Sydney C Butts, Simone Reynolds, Lyuba Gitman, Prayag Patel, Michael Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of racial background, public health initiatives, and residence on the prevalence of orofacial clefts (OFCs) in New York City (NYC). DESIGN/METHODS: Retrospective review of OFC cases from the New York State Congenital Malformations Registry. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Patients born with an OFC and all live births to mothers residing in NYC between 1983 and 2010. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Orofacial cleft birth prevalence by cleft type, race, and borough of maternal residence for each year and by time period around the implementation of public health interventions including folate supplementation...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Allyna Steinberg, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Desiree Abu-Odeh, Alzen Whitten
The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene released the Teens in NYC mobile phone application (app) in 2013 as part of a program to promote sexual and reproductive health among adolescents aged 12-19 in NYC. The app featured a locator that allowed users to search for health service providers by sexual health services, contraceptive methods, and geographic locations. We analyzed data on searches from the Where to Go section of the app to understand the patterns of use of the app's search functionality...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
Amanda Wahnich, Sandhya Clark, Danielle Bloch, Hannah Kubinson, Gili Hrusa, Dakai Liu, Jennifer L Rakeman, Bisram Deocharan, Lucretia Jones, Sally Slavinski, Alaina Stoute, Robert Mathes, Don Weiss, Erin E Conners
A large number of imported cases of Zika virus infection and the potential for transmission by Aedes albopictus mosquitoes prompted the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene to conduct sentinel, enhanced passive, and syndromic surveillance for locally acquired mosquitoborne Zika virus infections in New York City, NY, USA, during June-October 2016. Suspected case-patients were those >5 years of age without a travel history or sexual exposure who had >3 compatible signs/symptoms (arthralgia, fever, conjunctivitis, or rash)...
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Un-JUng Kim, Kurunthachalam Kannan
The occurrence and profiles of 14 triester organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) and plasticizers were investigated in surface water, tap water, rainwater, and seawater collected from New York State. In total, 150 samples collected from rivers (n = 35), lakes (n = 39), tap water (n = 58), precipitation/rainwater (n = 15) and seawater (n = 3) were analyzed for 14 organophosphate esters (OPEs). An additional nine Hudson River water samples were collected periodically to delineate seasonal trends in OPE levels...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Andre' Oliver, Ghilamichael Andemeskel, Carlise R King, Lyndsey Wallace, Serie McDougal, Kenneth P Monteiro, Avi Ben-Zeev
We provide evidence that stereotype threat, a phenomenon that causes stigmatized individuals to experience group-based evaluative concerns (Steele in Am Psychol 52:613-629, 1997; Whistling Vivaldi and other clues to how stereotypes affect us, W.W. Norton, New York, 2010), impacts affective aspects of Black identity as a function of majority versus minority ecological contexts. Black/African-American students, enrolled in either Africana Studies (Black ecological majority) or Psychology (Black ecological minority), completed private and public regard subscales from the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (Sellers et al...
December 2017: Race and Social Problems
Paul J Margolies, Jennifer L Humensky, I-Chin Chiang, Nancy H Covell, Thomas C Jewell, Karen Broadway-Wilson, Raymond Gregory, Gary Scannevin, Lisa B Dixon
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of literature demonstrates that high-fidelity implementation of the individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment increases the chances of achieving desired outcomes. This study examined the relationship between IPS fidelity, as self-reported by program sites, and employment outcomes and determined whether this relationship was maintained over time. METHODS: A total of 78 outpatient programs in New York State provided data on self-reported IPS fidelity and employment outcomes...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Betsy Szeto, Charlotte McDonald, Nabila El-Bassel
Aims: The number of drug dependent individuals incarcerated in the U.S. is exceptionally high, and reportedly 60 percent of incarcerated Black Americans have a substance abuse disorder. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with return to illicit drug use post-incarceration. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 121 formerly incarcerated Black Americans in New York City to examine predictors of return to illicit drug use. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated on the outcome of time-to-drug use for various predictors and compared using the log-rank test...
2018: Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy
Kenneth A Michelson, Todd W Lyons, Richard G Bachur, Michael C Monuteaux, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) revisits are used as a measure of care quality. Many EDs measure only revisits to the same facility, underestimating true rates. We sought to determine the frequency, location, and predictors of ED revisits to the same or a different ED. METHODS: We studied ED discharges for children <18 years old in Maryland and New York in the statewide ED and inpatient databases. Revisits were defined as ED visits within 7 days of an index visit...
April 12, 2018: Pediatrics
Iury Oliveira Castro, Bruno Frazão Gribel, Ana Helena Gonçalves de Alencar, José Valladares-Neto, Carlos Estrela
PURPOSE: To compare crown inclination and angulation results obtained after orthodontic treatment to the Roth prescription. METHODS: The study design was based on files and documents obtained from a database of 26 patients who had undergone orthodontic treatment using the straight-wire technique and the Roth prescription. The crown inclination and angulation were measured using a three-dimensional (3D) cephalometric module (VistaDent, Dentsply, New York, NY, USA) by an orthodontist...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Amita Toprani, Martha Robinson, James K Middleton Iii, Ali Hamade, Thomas Merrill
BACKGROUND: Preventing child falls from windows is easily accomplished by installing inexpensive window-limiting devices but window falls remain a common cause of child injuries. This article describes the history and evolution of the New York City (NYC) window guard rule,which requires building owners to install window guards in apartments housing children aged ≤10 years. The NYC window guard rule was the first directive of its kind in the USA when it was adopted in 1976, and it has led to a dramatic and long-lasting reduction in child window fall-related injuries and deaths...
April 6, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Matthew Lee Smith, Nicholas K Durrett, Ellen C Schneider, Imani N Byers, Tiffany E Shubert, Ashley D Wilson, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory
With 1-in-4 older adults suffering a fall each year, fall prevention efforts have emerged as a public health priority. Multi-level, evidence-based fall prevention programs have been promoted by the CDC and other government agencies. To ensure participants and communities receive programs' intended benefits, organizations must repeatedly deliver the programs over time and plan for program sustainability as part of 'scaling up' the initiative. The State Falls Prevention Project (SFPP) began in 2011 when the CDC provided 5 years of funding to State Departments of Health in Colorado, New York, and Oregon to simultaneously implement four fall prevention strategies: 1) Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance; 2) Stepping On; 3) Otago Exercise Program; and 4) STEADI (STopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries) toolkit...
February 13, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Johan van der Merwe, Filip Casselman, Bernard Stockman, Apostolos Roubelakis, Yvette Vermeulen, Ivan Degrieck, Frank Van Praet
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to report the clinical and echocardiographic outcomes of endoscopic port access surgery for isolated active and convalescent atrioventricular valve endocarditis (AVVE). METHODS: Our current surgical team performed endoscopic port access surgery in 66 consecutive patients with isolated AVVE (mean age, 65.5 ± 12.7 years, 37.9% women, mean EuroSCORE II 31.2 ± 24.9%, 45.5% prosthetic AVVE, Staphylococcus aureus 22.2%), between 1 May 2004 and 31 July 2015...
April 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Marc M Saad, Jeanne Kamal, Elias Moussaly, Boutros Karam, Wissam Mansour, Emad Gobran, Saqib Hussen Abbasi, Ahmed Mahgoub, Puja Singh, Ross Hardy, Devjani Das, Cara Brown, Monica Kapoor, Seleshi Demissie, Morton J Kleiner, Elie El Charabaty, Suzanne E El Sayegh
BACKGROUND: Volume overload in patients on hemodialysis (HD) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. B-lines detected on lung ultrasound (BLUS) assess extravascular lung water. This raises interest in its utility for assessing volume status and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: End-stage renal disease patients on HD at the Island Rehab Center being older than 18 years were screened. Patients achieving their dry weight (DW) had a lung ultrasound in a supine position...
November 29, 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
Joseph J Palamar, Austin Le, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical opioid use remains an epidemic in the United States. Electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees have been found to be at high risk for the use of drugs such as ecstasy, but little is known about nonmedical opioid use in this population. METHODS: Using time-space sampling, we surveyed 954 individuals (ages 18-40) attending randomly selected EDM parties in New York City in 2017. Participants were asked about the use of 18 different opioids and about willingness to use if offered by a friend in the next 30 days...
March 27, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
George S Hagopian, Molly Lieber, Peter R Dottino, M Margaret Kemeny, Xilian Li, Jessica Overbey, Li-Duen Clark, Ann Marie Beddoe
OBJECTIVE: We studied cervical cancer patients who presented to the Public Hospital System in ethnically-diverse Queens, New York from 2000 to 2010 with the purpose of examining the relationship between nativity (birthplace) and survival. METHODS: A retrospective review of tumor registries was used to identify patients diagnosed with cervical cancer between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2010. Using electronic medical records, data from 317 patients were available for this analysis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Matthew D Kilgore
PURPOSE: The cardiology service line director at a health maintenance organization (HMO) in Washington State required a valid, reliable, and practical means for measuring workloads and other productivity factors for six heart failure (HF) registered nurse case managers located across three geographical regions. The Kilgore Heart Failure Case Management (KHFCM) Acuity Tool was systematically designed, developed, and validated to measure workload as a dependent function of the number of heart failure case management (HFCM) services rendered and the duration of times spent on various care duties...
May 2018: Professional Case Management
Patrick M Zueger, Varun M Kumar, Rachel L Harrington, Gianna C Rigoni, Alicia Atwood, Robert J DiDomenico, Daniel R Touchette
OBJECTIVE: Sacubitril/valsartan (SAC/VAL) has been shown to reduce mortality and hospitalization in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) compared with enalapril, but at a substantially higher cost. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of SAC/VAL versus enalapril in patients with HFrEF over a 5-year time horizon from the US payer perspective. METHODS: A cohort-based Markov model was developed to compare costs and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) between SAC/VAL and enalapril in patients with HFrEF over a 5 year time horizon...
March 30, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
Matthijs Koopmans
Few educational researchers or practitioners would question that high school attendance is an important mediator in the causal network that is used to explain academic achievement, yet attendance remains under-researched. The New York City Department of Education (NYCDOE) has created an opportunity to examine the longitudinal trends and dependencies in daily attendance rates as it created a repository of daily attendance rates for all its schools, starting in 2004. The present analysis examines the dynamical patterns in daily attendance rates over a ten-year period (Sept...
April 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
Amit Lather, Anurag Khatkar, Sunil Sharma
BACKGROUND: Infections caused by microorganisms are the major cause of death today. The tremendous and improper use of antimicrobial agents leads to antimicrobial resistance. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: Various currently available antimicrobial drugs are inadequate to control the infections and lead to various adverse drug reactions. Efforts based on computer-aided drug design (CADD) can excavate a large number of databases to generate new, potent hits and minimize the requirement of time as well as money for the discovery of newer antimicrobials...
March 29, 2018: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
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