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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430095/window-of-opportunity-for-new-disease-surveillance-developing-keyword-lists-for-monitoring-mental-health-and-injury-through-syndromic-surveillance
#1
Ursula Lauper, Jian-Hua Chen, Shao Lin
Studies have documented the impact that hurricanes have on mental health and injury rates before, during, and after the event. Since timely tracking of these disease patterns is crucial to disaster planning, response, and recovery, syndromic surveillance keyword filters were developed by the New York State Department of Health to study the short- and long-term impacts of Hurricane Sandy. Emergency department syndromic surveillance is recognized as a valuable tool for informing public health activities during and immediately following a disaster...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426302/innovations-in-population-health-surveillance-using-electronic-health-records-for-chronic-disease-surveillance
#2
Sharon E Perlman, Katharine H McVeigh, Lorna E Thorpe, Laura Jacobson, Carolyn M Greene, R Charon Gwynn
With 87% of providers using electronic health records (EHRs) in the United States, EHRs have the potential to contribute to population health surveillance efforts. However, little is known about using EHR data outside syndromic surveillance and quality improvement. We created an EHR-based population health surveillance system called the New York City (NYC) Macroscope and assessed the validity of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, obesity, depression, and influenza vaccination indicators. The NYC Macroscope uses aggregate data from a network of outpatient practices...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420547/types-and-characteristics-of-fish-and-seafood-provisioning-scripts-used-by-rural-midlife-adults
#3
Stephanie M Bostic, Jeffery Sobal, Carole A Bisogni, Juliet M Monclova
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural New York State consumers' cognitive scripts for fish and seafood provisioning. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design with in-depth, semistructured interviews. SETTING: Three rural New York State counties. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (n = 31) with diverse fish-related experiences were purposefully recruited. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Scripts describing fish and seafood acquisition, preparation, and eating out...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418449/association-of-a-communication-training-program-with-use-of-antipsychotics-in-nursing-homes
#4
Jennifer Tjia, Jacob N Hunnicutt, Laurie Herndon, Carolyn R Blanks, Kate L Lapane, Susan Wehry
Importance: Off-label antipsychotic prescribing in nursing homes (NHs) is common and is associated with increased risk of mortality in older adults. Prior large-scale, controlled trials in the NH setting failed to show meaningful reductions in antipsychotic use. Objective: To quantify the influence of a large-scale communication training program on NH antipsychotic use called OASIS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a quasi-experimental longitudinal study of NHs in Massachusetts enrolled in the OASIS intervention...
April 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417032/vision-screening-of-ophthalmic-nursing-staff-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-hospital-outcomes-and-ocular-healthcare-seeking-behaviours
#5
Ruhi A Khan, Ches Souru, Sejo Vaghese, Ziaul Yasir, Rajiv Khandekar
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate ocular healthcare-seeking behaviours and vision screening outcomes of nursing staff at a tertiary eye care hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted between April and September 2016 among all 500 nurses employed at the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected on age, gender, use of visual aids, the presence of diabetes, a history of refractive surgery and date of last ocular health check-up...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416392/right-ventricular-function-after-cardiac-surgery-is-a-strong-independent-predictor-for-long-term-mortality
#6
Inge T Bootsma, Fellery de Lange, Matty Koopmans, Johannes Haenen, Piet W Boonstra, Tomas Symersky, E Christiaan Boerma
OBJECTIVE: To establish the all-cause mortality of right ventricular dysfunction after cardiac surgery in a heterogeneous group of cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a heterogeneous group of 1,109 cardiac surgery patients in a 4-year period. SETTING: Single-center study in a tertiary teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand one hundred nine cardiac surgery patients. By protocol, patients were monitored with a pulmonary artery catheter, enabling continuous right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) measurements...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416180/revision-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-to-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-canadian-experience
#7
Ekua Yorke, Caroline Sheppard, Noah J Switzer, David Kim, Christopher de Gara, Shahzeer Karmali, Aliyah Kanji, Daniel Birch
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) can be associated with inadequate weight loss, insufficient resolution of co-morbidities and severe reflux. Conversion to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) is a potential solution. The aim of this study was to determine the common indications for conversion from SG to RYGB at our centre, and evaluate patient outcomes with respect to weight loss and co-morbidity resolution. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent conversion from SG to RYGB between 2008 and 2015...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410339/patterns-of-buprenorphine-naloxone-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder-in-a-multistate-population
#8
Brendan Saloner, Matthew Daubresse, G Caleb Alexander
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine-naloxone treatment for opioid use disorder has rapidly expanded, yet little is known about treatment outcomes among patients in the general population. OBJECTIVE: To examine predictors of treatment duration, dosage, and continuity in a diverse community setting. RESEARCH DESIGN: We examined QuintilesIMS Real World Data, an all-payer, pharmacy claims database, to conduct an analysis of individuals age 18 years and above initiating buprenorphine-naloxone treatment between January 2010 and July 2012 in 11 states...
April 13, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409658/lack-of-preventive-health-behaviors-in-the-early-forties-the-role-of-earlier-trajectories-of-cigarette-smoking-from-adolescence-to-adulthood
#9
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Carl G Leukefeld, Mario De La Rosa, David W Brook
OBJECTIVE: To study the degree to which individuals in different trajectories of cigarette smoking from adolescence to the early forties are similar or different in terms of lack of preventive health behaviors (e.g., underuse of preventive health services, unhealthy eating habits) in early midlife. METHODS: Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in two upstate New York counties (N = 548). Data were collected from adolescence to early midlife (mean age = 43 years, standard deviation [SD] = 2...
April 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403435/hospital-admissions-for-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-before-and-after-the-trans-fatty-acid-restrictions-in-new-york
#10
Eric J Brandt, Rebecca Myerson, Marcelo Coca Perraillon, Tamar S Polonsky
Importance: Trans-fatty acids (TFAs) have deleterious cardiovascular effects. Restrictions on their use were initiated in 11 New York State (NYS) counties between 2007 and 2011. The US Food and Drug Administration plans a nationwide restriction in 2018. Public health implications of TFA restrictions are not well understood. Objective: To determine whether TFA restrictions in NYS counties were associated with fewer hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke compared with NYS counties without restrictions...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402927/hepatitis-c-virus-inflammation-and-cellular-aging-turning-back-time
#11
Susanna Naggie
There is evidence that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, like HIV infection, may be associated with chronic inflammation, immune activation, and immune senescence, which contribute to increased risks for cardiometabolic or other diseases outside the liver, as well as to ongoing damage in the liver. These effects may persist after a sustained virologic response (SVR) is achieved with HCV therapy. Such findings support initiation of treatment for HCV-infected individuals before damage to the liver is apparent and monitoring of individuals for complications even after an SVR is achieved...
February 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394737/alcohol-and-nonmedical-prescription-drug-use-to-cope-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-an-analysis-of-hurricane-sandy-survivors
#12
Sarah R Lowe, Laura Sampson, Megan N Young, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Postdisaster increases in substance use have been attributed to use of substances to cope with emotional reactions. However, no study to our knowledge has explored disaster survivors' substance use to cope with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of alcohol use and nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPDU) to cope with PTSD symptoms in two population-based samples of adult residents of New York City neighborhoods affected by Hurricane Sandy...
April 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394673/psychosocial-factors-related-to-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-externalizing-behaviors-in-early-midlife
#13
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Neo K Morojele, Mario De La Rosa, Carl G Leukefeld, David W Brook
BACKGROUND: To study the intergenerational transmission of externalizing behaviors. METHODS: Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in two upstate New York counties (N = 548). Data were collected from mothers at mean age 40 and from their children from adolescence (mean age = 14, SD = 2.8) to early midlife (mean age = 43, SD = 2.8) at seven time points. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to study the psychosocial factors as related to externalizing behaviors in early midlife...
April 10, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393778/safety-and-efficacy-of-ketamine-dexmedetomidine-versus-ketamine-propofol-combinations-for-sedation-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#14
Mona Mohamed Mogahd, Mohammed Shafik Mahran, Ghada Foad Elbaradi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prolonged mechanical ventilation after cardiac surgery is associated with serious complications that increase morbidity and mortality. The present study was designed to compare ketamine-propofol (KP) and ketamine-dexmedetomidine (KD) combinations for sedation and analgesia in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery as regards hemodynamics, total fentanyl dose, time of weaning from mechanical ventilation, time of extubation, and any adverse outcome...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392863/efficacy-of-intravenous-administration-of-landiolol-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-and-supraventricular-tachyarrhythmia
#15
Shunsuke Kiuchi, Hiroto Aikawa, Shinji Hisatake, Takayuki Kabuki, Takashi Oka, Shintaro Dobashi, Takahiro Fujii, Takanori Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute heart failure (HF) complicated by supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVT) often receive continuous intravenous infusion of landiolol or diltiazem for rate control. It is unclear whether the interval from initiation of infusion to commencement of oral beta-blocker (BB) therapy differs for these two drugs. METHODS: From January 2013 to July 2015, 94 consecutive patients were hospitalized for acute HF complicated by SVT. After 35 patients were excluded, the remaining 59 were divided into groups treated with diltiazem or landiolol...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392262/the-regulatory-effect-of-electro-acupuncture-on-the-expression-of-nmda-receptors-in-a-sci-rat-model
#16
Wen-Zhan Tu, Wen-Ci Chen, Wan Xia, Rong He, Jie Hu, Ming-Chen Jiang, Song-He Jiang
BACKGROUND: In early spinal cord injury (SCI), glutamate receptors, including N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs), are over-stimulated by excessively released glutamate. The enhanced activity of NMDARs may cause cell death by overloading calcium (Ca(2+)) into cells based on their high permeability to Ca(2+). Studies in SCI animals have shown that treatment with electro-acupuncture (EA) is able to reduce cell death and to improve functional recovery. One possible mechanism of this neuroprotective effect is that EA has regulatory effect on NMDARs...
April 6, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389195/two-long-term-mortality-risk-models-for-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-produced-in-american-populations-validated-in-an-australian-population
#17
Dr Matthew Kilpin, Dr Arpit Talwar, Dr James Meneguzzi, Dr Lavinia Tran, Professor Christopher Reid, Associate Professor Philip Hayward
BACKGROUND: Short-term mortality prediction models have an important role in current cardiac surgical practice. There has been much less attention paid to prediction of long-term outcomes which are probably an equal marker both of surgeon performance and appropriateness of surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the New York State Cardiac Surgery Reporting System (NYSCSRS) risk model and the Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study Group (NNECDSG) risk model on the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) patient database...
March 15, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384909/immediate-outcome-of-balloon-mitral-valvuloplasty-with-jomiva-balloon-during-pregnancy
#18
Shanmuga Sundaram Rathakrisnnan, Ramona Ramasamy, Tamilarasu Kaliappan, Rajendiran Gopalan, Ramasmy Palanimuthu, Premkrishna Anandhan
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatic mitral stenosis is the most common Valvular Heart Disease encountered during pregnancy. Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty (BMV) is one of the treatment option available if the symptoms are refractory to the medical management and the valve anatomy is suitable for balloon dilatation. BMV with Inoue balloon is the most common technique being followed worldwide. Over the wire BMV is a modified technique using Joseph Mitral Valvuloplasty (JOMIVA) balloon catheter which is being followed in certain centres...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382075/clinical-outcomes-after-anatomic-repair-including-hemi-mustard-operation-in-patients-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#19
Man-Shik Shim, Tae-Gook Jun, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Pyo Won Park, Yang Hyun Cho, Seok Kang, June Huh, Jin Young Song
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the early and late outcomes of anatomic repair of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) and to evaluate effectiveness of the hemi-Mustard procedure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center study of patients who underwent anatomic repair for ccTGA between July 1996 and December 2013. Sixteen patients were included in the study. The median age at the time of the operation was 3...
March 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381603/comprehensive-whole-genome-sequencing-and-reporting-of-drug-resistance-profiles-on-clinical-cases-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-new-york-state
#20
Joseph Shea, Tanya A Halse, Pascal Lapierre, Matthew Shudt, Donna Kohlerschmidt, Patrick Van Roey, Ronald Limberger, Jill Taylor, Vincent Escuyer, Kimberlee A Musser
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is a newer alternative for tuberculosis (TB) diagnostics, capable of providing rapid drug resistance profiles while performing species identification and capturing the data necessary for genotyping. Our laboratory developed and validated a comprehensive and sensitive WGS assay to characterize Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other M. tuberculosis complex (MTBC) strains, comprised of a novel DNA extraction, optimized library preparation, paired-end WGS, and an in-house developed bioinformatics pipeline...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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