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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#1
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Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230272/sizing-up-a-superstorm-exploring-the-role-of-recalled-experience-and-attribution-of-responsibility-in-judgments-of-future-hurricane-risk
#2
Laura N Rickard, Z Janet Yang, Jonathon P Schuldt, Gina M Eosco, Clifford W Scherer, Ricardo A Daziano
Research suggests that hurricane-related risk perception is a critical predictor of behavioral response, such as evacuation. Less is known, however, about the precursors of these subjective risk judgments, especially when time has elapsed from a focal event. Drawing broadly from the risk communication, social psychology, and natural hazards literature, and specifically from concepts adapted from the risk information seeking and processing model and the protective action decision model, we examine how individuals' distant recollections, including attribution of responsibility for the effects of a storm, attitude toward relevant information, and past hurricane experience, relate to risk judgment for a future, similar event...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229067/the-effect-of-world-trade-center-exposure-on-the-timing-of-diagnoses-of-obstructive-airway-disease-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#3
Xiaoxue Liu, Jennifer Yip, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Jessica Weakley, Mayris P Webber, Theresa M Schwartz, David J Prezant, Michael D Weiden, Charles B Hall
OBJECTIVES: In a cohort of rescue/recovery workers exposed to the dust that resulted from the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC), we assessed how a diagnosis of obstructive airways disease (OAD) affected the likelihood of a subsequent diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). We also assessed whether OAD acted as a mediator of the association between exposure to the WTC rescue/recovery effort and CRS and GERD diagnoses. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we analyzed Fire Department of the City of New York physician diagnoses of OAD, CRS, and GERD that were first documented between September 11, 2001, and September 10, 2011, among 8,968 WTC-exposed firefighters...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227285/non-contact-real-time-estimation-of-intrapulmonary-pressure-and-tidal-volume-for-chronic-heart-failure-patients
#4
Vinh Phuc Tran, Adel Ali Al-Jumaily, Vinh Phuc Tran, Adel Ali Al-Jumaily, Vinh Phuc Tran, Adel Ali Al-Jumaily
Long-term continuous patient monitoring is required in many health systems for monitoring and analytical diagnosing purposes. It has been recognized that these types of monitoring systems have shortcomings related to patient comfort and/or functionality. Non-contact monitoring systems have been developed to address some of these shortcomings. One of such systems is non-contact physiological vital signs assessments for Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) patients. This paper presents a novel pulmonary ventilation model that defines the relationship between the intrapulmonary pressure and the chest displacement...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227118/shear-wave-elastography-using-wigner-ville-distribution-a-simulated-multilayer-media-study
#5
Pooya Sobhe Bidari, Javad Alirezaie, Jahan Tavakkoli, Pooya Sobhe Bidari, Javad Alirezaie, Jahan Tavakkoli, Javad Alirezaie, Jahan Tavakkoli
Shear Wave Elastography (SWE) is a quantitative ultrasound-based imaging modality for distinguishing normal and abnormal tissue types by estimating the local viscoelastic properties of the tissue. These properties have been estimated in many studies by propagating ultrasound shear wave within the tissue and estimating parameters such as speed of wave. Vast majority of the proposed techniques are based on the cross-correlation of consecutive ultrasound images. In this study, we propose a new method of wave detection based on time-frequency (TF) analysis of the ultrasound signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216248/delayed-tuberculosis-diagnosis-and-costs-of-contact-investigations-for-hospital-exposure-new-york-city-2010-2014
#6
Ana M Kelly, John F D'Agostino, Lilibeth V Andrada, Jianfang Liu, Elaine Larson
BACKGROUND: A delayed diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in the hospital may lead to nosocomial exposure, placing employees and other patients at risk. A lack of prompt infection control measures for suspected cases at the time of admission may require complicated and expensive contact investigations. The purpose of this study was to estimate the person-hour costs required by infection control staff to investigate a single hospital-based TB exposure. METHODS: Electronic data were extracted from 2 tertiary hospitals and 1 community hospital in a large health care system in metropolitan New York City to identify pulmonary TB cases unsuspected at admission...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215382/a-place-based-community-health-worker-program-feasibility-and-early-outcomes-new-york-city-2015
#7
Priscilla M Lopez, Nadia Islam, Alexis Feinberg, Christa Myers, Lois Seidl, Elizabeth Drackett, Lindsey Riley, Andrea Mata, Juan Pinzon, Elisabeth Benjamin, Katarzyna Wyka, Rachel Dannefer, Javier Lopez, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Karen Aletha Maybank, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: This study examined feasibility of a place-based community health worker (CHW) and health advocate (HA) initiative in five public housing developments selected for high chronic disease burden and described early outcomes. METHODS: This intervention was informed by a mixed-method needs assessment performed December 2014-January 2015 (representative telephone survey, n=1,663; six focus groups, n=55). Evaluation design was a non-randomized, controlled quasi-experiment...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211046/teacher-structure-as-a-predictor-of-students-perceived-competence-and-autonomous-motivation-the-moderating-role-of-differentiated-instruction
#8
Frédéric Guay, Amélie Roy, Pierre Valois
BACKGROUND: An important pedagogical practice is the provision of structure (Farkas & Grolnick, 2010, Motiv. Emot., 34, 266). According to self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985, Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior, Plenum, New York, NY), structure allows students to develop perceived competence in different school subjects, which in turn facilitates the development of autonomous motivation towards these subjects and limits the development of controlled motivation...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199174/role-of-troponins-i-and-t-and-n-terminal-prohormone-of-brain-natriuretic-peptide-in-monitoring-cardiac-safety-of-patients-with-early-stage-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-positive-breast-cancer-receiving-trastuzumab-a-herceptin-adjuvant-study-cardiac
#9
Dimitrios Zardavas, Thomas M Suter, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Jutta Steinseifer, Johannes Noe, Sabine Lauer, Nedal Al-Sakaff, Martine J Piccart-Gebhart, Evandro de Azambuja
Purpose Women receiving trastuzumab with chemotherapy are at risk for trastuzumab-related cardiac dysfunction (TRCD). We explored the prognostic value of cardiac markers (troponins I and T, N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) to predict baseline susceptibility to develop TRCD. We examined whether development of cardiac end points or significant left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) drop was associated with markers' increases. Patients and Methods Cardiac marker assessments were coupled with LVEF measurements at different time points for 533 patients from the Herceptin Adjuvant (HERA) study who agreed to participate in this study...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197275/cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-leads-to-improvements-in-handgrip-strength
#10
David R Warriner, Patricia Lawford, Paul J Sheridan
BACKGROUND: A reduction in skeletal muscle performance measured by handgrip strength is common in heart failure. No trial has investigated the role of cardiac resynchronization therapy, which leads to improvements in cardiac performance, on the function of skeletal muscle in patients with heart failure. METHODS: Nineteen patients were recruited, 18 male, age 69 ± 8 years, New York Heart Association class II-IV, QRS duration 173 ± 21 ms and left ventricular ejection fraction 26±8%...
June 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195937/an-updated-protocol-for-evaluating-chest-pain-and-managing-acute-coronary-syndromes
#11
Christopher R Kelly, Ajay J Kirtane, Jennifer Stant, Gregg W Stone, Robert M Minutello, S Chiu Wong, Honeyleen Manuzon, Roxanne Gerow-Smith, Nancy Kelley, LeRoy E Rabbani
Clinical pathways can optimize care both across and within institutions, but regular updates to these pathways based on new clinical trials, professional guidelines, and Food and Drug Administration approvals are essential. Herein we describe the most recent revisions to the New York-Presbyterian Hospital (Columbia University Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medical Center) clinical pathway for acute coronary syndromes and chest pain, which incorporates novel data regarding the timing and administration of P2Y12 inhibition (including the intravenous P2Y12 inhibitor cangrelor) and the appropriateness of prolonged (>1 year) dual antiplatelet therapy for the secondary prevention of ischemic events...
March 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187185/declines-in-marathon-performance-sex-differences-in-elite-and-recreational-athletes
#12
Gerald S Zavorsky, Kelly A Tomko, James M Smoliga
The first aim of this study was to determine the age group at which marathon performance declines in top male and female runners and to compare that to the runners of average ability. Another aim of this of this study was to examine the age-related yearly decline in marathon performance between age group winners and the average marathon finisher. Data from the New York (NYC), Boston, and Chicago marathons from 2001-2016 were analyzed. Age, sex, and location were used in multiple linear regression models to determine the rate of decline in marathon times...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183462/the-impact-of-excluding-shock-patients-on%C3%A2-hospital-and-physician-risk-adjusted-mortality-rates-for-percutaneous-coronary%C3%A2-interventions-the-implications-for-public-reporting
#13
Edward L Hannan, Ye Zhong, Kimberly Cozzens, Foster Gesten, Marcus Friedrich, Peter B Berger, Alice K Jacobs, Gary Walford, Frederick S K Ling, Ferdinand J Venditti, Spencer B King
OBJECTIVES: The authors examined the impact of including shock patients in public reporting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) risk-adjusted mortality. BACKGROUND: There is concern that an unintended consequence of statewide public reporting of medical outcomes is the avoidance of appropriate interventions for high-risk patients. METHODS: New York State's PCI registry was used to compare hospital and physician risk-adjusted mortality rates and outliers from New York's public report models with rates and outliers based on statistical models that include refractory shock patients and exclude both refractory shock and other shock patients...
February 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183221/sofosbuvir-in-the-treatment-of-early-hcv-infection-in-hiv-infected-men
#14
Ahmed El Sayed, Zachary R Barbati, Samuel S Turner, Andrew L Foster, Tristan Morey, Douglas T Dieterich, Daniel S Fierer
BACKGROUND: There is an international epidemic of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among HIV-infected men who have sex with men. We previously showed that adding telaprevir to pegylated interferon (IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) both shortened treatment and increased the cure rate of early HCV in these men. Whether shortening treatment of early HCV using IFN-free regimens would be similarly successful has not yet been demonstrated. METHODS: We performed a pilot study of treatment with sofosbuvir (SOF) + RBV for 12 weeks in early genotype 1 HCV infection in HIV-infected men...
February 10, 2017: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182688/interrupted-time-series-analysis-of-children-s-blood-lead-levels-a-case-study-of-lead-hazard-control-program-in-syracuse-new-york
#15
Liyang Shao, Lianjun Zhang, Zhen Zhen
Children's blood lead concentrations have been closely monitored over the last two decades in the United States. The bio-monitoring surveillance data collected in local agencies reflected the local temporal trends of children's blood lead levels (BLLs). However, the analysis and modeling of the long-term time series of BLLs have rarely been reported. We attempted to quantify the long-term trends of children's BLLs in the city of Syracuse, New York and evaluate the impacts of local lead poisoning prevention programs and Lead Hazard Control Program on reducing the children's BLLs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#16
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168965/outcomes-of-the-arterial-switch-operation-in-children-less-than-2-5-kilograms
#17
Tyson A Fricke, Anne Eva Bulstra, Benjamin R Loyer, Robert G Weintraub, Yves d'Udekem, Christian P Brizard, Igor E Konstantinov
BACKGROUND: Children with body weight less than 2.5 kg who undergo the arterial switch operation (ASO) represent a challenging group. We sought to determine outcomes of patients with weight less than 2.5 kg at ASO at a single institution. METHODS: All patients who underwent an ASO with biventricular repair and weighed less than 2.5 kg at time of surgery were identified from the hospital database and reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: From 1983 to 2014, 870 patients underwent an ASO with biventricular repair at our institution...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164832/personal-growth-symptoms-and-uncertainty-in-community-residing-adults-with-heart-failure
#18
Kristen J Overbaugh, Mark B Parshall
BACKGROUND: Personal growth has not been studied extensively in heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: To characterize personal growth in HF and its relationships with symptom burden, uncertainty, and demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: Associations among personal growth, uncertainty, symptom burden, and clinical and demographic variables were examined in adult outpatients with HF using bivariate correlations and multiple regressions. RESULTS: Participants (N = 103; 76% male, mean age = 74 years, 97% New York Heart Association classes II and III) reported moderate levels of personal growth, uncertainty, and symptom burden...
January 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154106/visualizing-the-diffusion-of-digital-mammography-in-new-york-state
#19
Francis P Boscoe, Xiuling Zhang
BACKGROUND: Digital mammography saw rapid adoption during the first decade of the 2000s. We were interested in identifying the times and locations where the technology was introduced within the state of New York as a way of illustrating the uneven introduction of this technology. METHODS: Using a sample of Medicare claims data from the period 2004-2012 from women aged 65 and over without cancer, we calculated the percentage of mammograms which were digital by zip code of residence and illustrated these with a series of smoothed maps...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152644/hospital-payer-and-racial-ethnic-mix-at-private-academic-medical-centers-in-boston-and-new-york-city
#20
Roosa Sofia Tikkanen, Steffie Woolhandler, David U Himmelstein, Nancy R Kressin, Amresh Hanchate, Meng-Yun Lin, Danny McCormick, Karen E Lasser
Academic medical centers (AMCs) are widely perceived as providing the highest-quality medical care. To investigate disparities in access to such care, we studied the racial/ethnic and payer mixes at private AMCs of New York City (NYC) and Boston, two cities where these prestigious institutions play a dominant role in the health care system. We used individual-level inpatient discharge data for acute care hospitals to examine the degree of hospital racial/ethnic and insurance segregation in both cities using the Index of Dissimilarity, together with recent changes in patterns of care in NYC...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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