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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043427/ambient-air-pollution-and-emergency-department-visits-for-asthma-in-erie-county-new-york-2007-2012
#1
Jessica Castner, Lingfei Guo, Yong Yin
PURPOSE: 8% of the US population has asthma. Air pollution is linked to exacerbation in susceptible individuals. The objective was to identify air pollutants that increased the risk of asthma emergency department visits during a time wherein a polluting factory was criminally convicted, changing local air pollutant levels. METHODS: An ecological time-series design used a daily count of asthma emergency visits from 2007 to 2012 as the dependent variable. Independent variables air pollutants (NO2, PM2...
October 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036292/association-between-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-and-different-lead-positions-in-patients-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#2
Mads Brix Kronborg, Jens Brock Johansen, Jens Haarbo, Sam Riahi, Berit Thornvig Philbert, Ole Dan Jørgensen, Jens Cosedis Nielsen
Aims: To evaluate the impact of different right and left ventricular lead positions (RV-LP and LV-LP) on the risk of therapy for ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation in patients with a cardiac resynchronization therapy device (CRT-D). Methods and results: We performed a large nationwide cohort study on patients in Denmark receiving a CRT-D device from 2008 to 2012 from the Danish Pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) registry. Lead positions were registered during the implantation and categorized as anterior/lateral/posterior and basal/mid-ventricular/apical for the LV-LP, and as apical/non-apical for the RV-LP...
September 27, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034782/the-comparative-epidemiology-of-pediatric-severe-sepsis
#4
Mary E Hartman, Mohammed J Saeed, Kimberly N Powell, Margaret A Olsen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the coding strategies used to identify severe sepsis in administrative data sets could identify cases with comparable case mix, hospitalization characteristics, and outcomes as a cohort of children diagnosed with severe sepsis using strict clinical criteria. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from 2005 to 2011 from the New York and Florida State Inpatient Databases, available from the US Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032983/early-versus-late-surgical-management-of-complicated-appendicitis-in-children-a-statewide-database-analysis-with-one-year-follow-up
#5
Saurabh Saluja, Tianyi Sun, Jialin Mao, Shaun A Steigman, P Stephen Oh, Heather L Yeo, Art Sedrakian, Demetri J Merianos
BACKGROUND: Complicated appendicitis is common in children, yet the timing of surgical management remains controversial. Some support initial antibiotics with delayed operation whereas others support immediate operation. While a few randomized trials have evaluated this question, they have been small, single-center trials with limited follow-up. We present a database analysis of outcomes in early versus late surgical management of complicated appendicitis with one-year follow-up. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of children with complicated appendicitis presenting between 2000 and 2013, utilizing a New York State database...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030209/oncologists-and-patients-perceptions-of-initial-intermediate-and-final-goals-of-care-conversations
#6
Dena Schulman-Green, Cardinale B Smith, Jenny J Lin, Shelli Feder, Nina A Bickell
CONTEXT: While recommendations are for goals of care (GoC) conversations to happen early and often, their timing and content over the disease course remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To describe perceptions of the timing and content of GoC conversations among oncologists and patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with oncologists and patients at four hospitals in New York and Connecticut. We analyzed data using interpretive description...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025838/association-between-childhood-allergic-diseases-educational-attainment-and-occupational-status-in-later-life-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Laura Beate von Kobyletzki, Linda Beckman, Liam Smeeth, Martin McKee, Jennifer K Quint, Katrina Abuabara, Sinead Langan
INTRODUCTION: Childhood allergic diseases may prevent affected children from achieving their academic potential. Potential mechanisms include absence from school due to illness and medical appointments. Experience of symptoms in classes or leisure time, and stigma associated with visible signs and symptoms, including skin disease, requirements for medication during school time or the need for specific diets, may also contribute to reduced educational attainment. Studies have investigated the association between specific allergic diseases and educational attainment...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023458/emergence-of-encounter-networks-due-to-human-mobility
#8
A P Riascos, José L Mateos
There is a burst of work on human mobility and encounter networks. However, the connection between these two important fields just begun recently. It is clear that both are closely related: Mobility generates encounters, and these encounters might give rise to contagion phenomena or even friendship. We model a set of random walkers that visit locations in space following a strategy akin to Lévy flights. We measure the encounters in space and time and establish a link between walkers after they coincide several times...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020835/quantifying-benefits-of-using-health-information-exchange-to-support-public-health-sti-reporting-and-treatment-in-western-new-york
#9
Saira N Haque, Heather Territo, Robert Bailey, Barbara Massoudi, Ross Loomis, Gale Burstein
OBJECTIVE: To calculate average savings of using health information exchange (HIE) for demographic and treatment requests for chlamydia and gonorrhoea in Western New York, specifically the Erie County Department of Health and its catchment area. METHOD: We conducted a mixed-method case study. Qualitative methods included interviews, document review, and workflow mapping, which were used as the inputs to identify time savings. Case rates, time savings, and salary averages were used to calculate average savings...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020755/erratum-to-an-improved-assembly-of-the-loblolly-pine-mega-genome-using-long-read-single-molecule-sequencing
#10
Aleksey V Zimin, Kristian A Stevens, Marc W Crepeau, Daniela Puiu, Jill L Wegrzyn, James A Yorke, Charles H Langley, David B Neale, Steven L Salzberg
The 22-gigabase genome of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) is one of the largest ever sequenced. The draft assembly published in 2014 was built entirely from short Illumina reads, with lengths ranging from 100 to 250 base pairs (bp). The assembly was quite fragmented, containing over 11 million contigs whose weighted average (N50) size was 8206 bp. To improve this result, we generated approximately 12-fold coverage in long reads using the Single Molecule Real Time sequencing technology developed at Pacific Biosciences...
October 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020137/residential-socioeconomic-food-and-built-environments-and-glycemic-control-in-individuals-with-diabetes-in-new-york-city-2007-2013
#11
Bahman P Tabaei, Andrew G Rundle, Winfred Y Wu, Carol R Horowitz, Victoria Mayer, Daniel M Sheehan, Shadi Chamany
This study examined the longitudinal associations between residential environment factors and glycemic control in 182,756 adults with diabetes in New York City (2007-2013). Glycemic control was defined as hemoglobin A1c (A1C) <7%. We constructed residential-level measures and performed principle component analysis to formulate a residential composite score. Based on this score, we divided residential areas into quintiles, with the lowest and highest quintiles reflecting the least advantaged and most advantaged residential environments...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018174/prognostic-value-of-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-levels-in-heart-failure-patients-with-and-without-atrial-fibrillation
#12
Søren Lund Kristensen, Pardeep S Jhund, Ulrik M Mogensen, Rasmus Rørth, William T Abraham, Akshay Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Jean L Rouleau, Michael R Zile, Karl Swedberg, Milton Packer, Scott D Solomon, Lars Køber, John J V McMurray
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) have higher circulating levels of NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) than HF patients without AF. There is uncertainty about the prognostic importance of a given concentration of NT-proBNP in HF patients with and without AF. We investigated this question in a large cohort of patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 14 737 patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction and a measurement of NT-proBNP at time of screening, enrolled in either the PARADIGM-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure) or the ATMOSPHERE trial (Aliskiren Trial to Minimize Outcomes in Patients With Heart Failure), of whom 3575 (24%) had AF on their baseline ECG...
October 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018000/waveform-capnography-an-alternative-to-physician-gestalt-in-determining-optimal-intubating-conditions-after-administration-of-paralytic-agents
#13
Anthony Scoccimarro, Jason R West, Marc Kanter, Nicholas D Caputo
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate the utility of waveform capnography (WC) in detecting paralysis, by using apnoea as a surrogate determinant, as compared with clinical gestalt during rapid sequence intubation. Additionally, we sought to determine if this improves the time to intubation and first pass success rates through more consistent and expedient means of detecting optimal intubating conditions (ie, paralysis). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study of consecutively enrolled patients was conducted from April to June 2016 at an academic, urban, level 1 trauma centre in New York City...
October 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990397/examining-the-role-of-primary-care-physicians-and-challenges-faced-when-their-patients-transition-to-home-hospice-care
#14
Ariel Shalev, Veerawat Phongtankuel, Katherine Lampa, M C Reid, Brian M Eiss, Sonica Bhatia, Ronald D Adelman
BACKGROUND: The transition into home hospice care is often a critical time in a patient's medical care. Studies have shown patients and caregivers desire continuity with their physicians at the end of life (EoL). However, it is unclear what roles primary care physicians (PCPs) play and what challenges they face caring for patients transitioning into home hospice care. OBJECTIVES: To understand PCPs' experiences, challenges, and preferences when their patients transition to home hospice care...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987706/combined-effects-of-prenatal-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-material-hardship-on-child-adhd-behavior-problems
#15
Frederica P Perera, Kylie Wheelock, Ya Wang, Deliang Tang, Amy E Margolis, Gladys Badia, Whitney Cowell, Rachel L Miller, Virginia Rauh, Shuang Wang, Julie B Herbstman
IMPORTANCE: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are carcinogenic and neurotoxic combustion by-products commonly found in urban air. Exposure to PAH is disproportionately high in low income communities of color who also experience chronic economic stress. OBJECTIVE: In a prospective cohort study in New York City (NYC) we previously found a significant association between prenatal PAH exposure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) behavior problems at age 9...
October 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987635/medicaid-expansion-and-disparity-reduction-in-surgical-cancer-care-at-high-quality-hospitals
#16
David Xiao, Chaoyi Zheng, Manila Jindal, Lynt B Johnson, Thomas DeLeire, Nawar Shara, Waddah B Al-Refaie
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act's (ACA) Medicaid expansion has been heavily debated due to skepticism of Medicaid's ability to provide high-quality care. Particularly, little is known whether Medicaid expansion improves access to surgical cancer care at high-quality hospitals. To address this question, we examined the effects of the 2001 New York Medicaid expansion, the largest in pre-ACA era, on this disparity measure. METHODS: We identified 67,685 nonelderly adults from the New York State Inpatient Database who underwent select cancer resections...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987587/relationship-between-intramammary-infection-prevalence-and-somatic-cell-score-in-commercial-dairy-herds
#17
G E Shook, R L Bamber Kirk, F L Welcome, Y H Schukken, P L Ruegg
We examined consistency of the relationship between intramammary infection (IMI) and somatic cell score (SCS) across several classes of cow, herd, and sampling time variables. Microbial cultures of composite milk samples were performed by New York Quality Milk Production Services from 1992 to 2004. SCS was from the most recent Dairy Herd Improvement test before IMI sampling. Records were analyzed from 79,308 cows in 1,124 commercial dairy herds representing a broad range of production systems. Three binary dependent variables were presence or absence of contagious IMI, environmental IMI, and all IMI...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985868/clinical-and-socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-negative-pediatric-appendicitis
#18
Genia Dubrovsky, Josh Rouch, Nhan Huynh, Scott Friedlander, Yang Lu, Steven L Lee
BACKGROUND: Misdiagnosing appendicitis may lead to unnecessary surgery. The study evaluates the risk factors for negative appendectomies, as well as the clinical and socioeconomic consequences of negative appendectomy across three states. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the California, New York, and Florida State Inpatient Databases 2005-2011. Patients (<18 years) who underwent nonincidental appendectomies (n = 156,660) were evaluated with hierarchical and multivariate negative binomial regression analyses on outcomes including hospital cost, length of stay (LOS), and associated morbidity...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984057/echocardiographic-estimation-of-left-ventricular-and-pulmonary-pressures-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-study-utilizing-simultaneous-echocardiography-and-invasive-measurements
#19
Yoran M Hummel, Licette C Y Liu, Carolyn S P Lam, Daniel F Fonseca-Munoz, Kevin Damman, Michiel Rienstra, Peter van der Meer, Stephan Rosenkranz, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Adriaan A Voors, Elke S Hoendermis
AIMS: Although echocardiography is generally used for the diagnosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), invasive measurements of filling pressures are the gold standard. Studies simultaneously performing echocardiography and invasive measurements in HFpEF are sparse. METHODS AND RESULTS: Invasive haemodynamic and echocardiographic measurements were simultaneously performed in 98 patients with heart failure New York Heart Association class ≥II, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥45%, and suspected pulmonary hypertension on a previous echocardiogram...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983818/in-search-of-an-efficient-strategy-to-monitor-disease-status-of-chronic-heart-failure-outpatients-added-value-of-blood-biomarkers-to-clinical-assessment
#20
N van Boven, K M Akkerhuis, S S Anroedh, L C Battes, K Caliskan, W Yassi, O C Manintveld, J H Cornel, A A Constantinescu, H Boersma, V A Umans, I Kardys
INTRODUCTION: Blood biomarkers have the potential to monitor the severity of chronic heart failure (CHF). Studies correlating repeated measurements of blood biomarkers with repeatedly assessed New York Heart Association (NYHA) class over a prolonged follow-up period, and concomitantly investigating their associations with clinical endpoints, have not yet been performed. METHODS: Between 2011-2013, 263 CHF patients were included. At inclusion and subsequently every 3 months, we measured N‑terminal pro-B-type natriuretic (NT-proBNP), high-sensitivity troponin T (Hs-TnT) and C‑reactive protein (CRP), and assessed NYHA class...
October 5, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
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