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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632541/hospital-based-acute-care-within-7-days-of-discharge-after-outpatient-arthroscopic-shoulder-surgery
#1
Jiabin Liu, David N Flynn, Wai-Man Liu, Lee A Fleisher, Nabil M Elkassabany
BACKGROUND: The rate of hospital-based acute care (defined as hospital transfer at discharge, emergency department [ED] visit, or subsequent inpatient hospital [IP] admission) after outpatient procedure is gaining momentum as a quality metric for ambulatory surgery. However, the incidence and reasons for hospital-based acute care after arthroscopic shoulder surgery are poorly understood. METHODS: We studied adult patients who underwent outpatient arthroscopic shoulder procedures in New York State between 2011 and 2013 using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project database...
June 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632539/epidemiologic-analysis-of-elective-operative-procedures-in-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-the-united-states
#2
Lisa M Einhorn, Brian J Young, Jonathan C Routh, Alexander C Allori, Elisabeth T Tracy, Nathaniel H Greene
BACKGROUND: This study uses publicly available data to analyze the total number of elective, potentially deferrable operative procedures involving infants <6 months of age in the United States. We investigated the factors associated with the performance of these procedures in this population. METHODS: The State Ambulatory Surgery Database was used to identify patients in California, North Carolina, New York, and Utah during the years of 2007 to 2010 who were younger than 6 months of age at the time that they underwent outpatient (ambulatory) surgery...
June 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632447/in-hospital-breastfeeding-experiences-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#3
Reena Oza-Frank, Erica P Gunderson
BACKGROUND: In-hospital experiences among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) could impact breastfeeding success. We sought (1) to determine changes in the prevalence of hospital breastfeeding experiences between 2004-2008 and 2009-2011 among women with GDM and women without diabetes; (2) to determine whether GDM is associated with higher occurrence of experiencing Baby-Friendly hospital practices because of their known higher rates of breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the 2004 to 2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, a survey of women with a recent live birth from 16 states and New York City, were used based on inclusion of an optional survey question about hospital breastfeeding experiences...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632004/behavioral-interventions-to-reduce-infections-in-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities-the-keep-it-clean-for-kids-trial
#4
Elaine L Larson, Meghan T Murray, Bevin Cohen, Edwin Simpser, Marianne Pavia, Olivia Jackson, Haomiao Jia, R Gordon Hutcheon, Linda Mosiello, Natalie Neu, Lisa Saiman
Children in pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTCF) represent a highly vulnerable population and infectious outbreaks occur frequently, resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and resource use. The purpose of this quasi-experimental trial using time series analysis was to assess the impact of a 4-year theoretically based behavioral intervention on infection prevention practices and clinical outcomes in three pLTCF (288 beds) in New York metropolitan area including 720 residents, ages 1 day to 26 years with mean lengths of stay: 7...
March 3, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625241/-efficacy-and-safety-of-intravenous-recombinant-human-brain-natriuretic-peptide-in-patients-with-severe-heart-failure-a-prospective-multicenter-clinical-study
#5
Xue Feng, Yue Wu, Ying Meng, Yizhen Wei
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy and safety of recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) in the patients with severe heart failure (HF). METHODS: A prospective multicenter study was conducted. Patients whose age > 18 years old, and with the New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function grade over III-IV, acute cardiac insufficiency and the acute exacerbation of chronic cardiac insufficiency admitted to intensive care unit/cardiovascular care unit (ICU/CCU) of 58 Hospitals in China were enrolled...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624095/fontan-circulation-over-time
#6
Djoeke Wolff, Joost P van Melle, Beatrijs Bartelds, Floris-Jan S Ridderbos, Graziella Eshuis, Elisabeth B H J van Stratum, Salvador J Recinos, Brigitte W M Willemse, Hans Hillege, Tineke P Willems, Tjark Ebels, Rolf M F Berger
The unique, unphysiological Fontan circulation is associated with an impaired functional status of the patients that is suggested to deteriorate over time. Unfortunately, previous studies did not integrate both pulmonary and cardiac determinants of functional status. In addition, a comparison with the natural decrease in exercise capacity in healthy subjects (in both children and adults) is lacking. This single-center study aims to investigate the functional status in a cohort of Fontan patients in relation to time since Fontan completion and to identify its determinants, including cardiac characteristics and pulmonary characteristics...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623451/neighborhood-inequalities-in-hepatitis-c-mortality-spatial-and-temporal-patterns-and-associated-factors
#7
Mary M Ford, Payal S Desai, Gil Maduro, Fabienne Laraque
Deaths attributable to hepatitis C (HCV) infection are increasing in the USA even as highly effective treatments become available. Neighborhood-level inequalities create barriers to care and treatment for many vulnerable populations. We seek to characterize citywide trends in HCV mortality rates over time and identify and describe neighborhoods in New York City (NYC) with disproportionately high rates and associated factors. We used a multiple cause of death (MCOD) definition for HCV mortality. Cases identified between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2014, were geocoded to NYC census tracts (CT)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622461/the-co-occurrence-and-characteristics-of-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-who-meet-criteria-for-fibromyalgia-results-from-a-uk-national-register-bsrbr-as
#8
Gary J Macfarlane, Maxwell S Barnish, Ejaz Pathan, Kathryn R Martin, Kirstie L Haywood, Stefan Siebert, Jonathan Packham, Fabiola Atzeni, Gareth T Jones
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the proportion of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) who meet criteria for fibromyalgia (FM) and to characterise such patients. METHODS: The British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register of Ankylosing Spondylitis (BSRBR-AS) recruits two cohorts of patients who meet ASAS criteria for axSpA across 83 centres in the United Kingdom. Patients are either newly starting (biologic cohort) or naïve (non-biologic cohort) to biologic therapy and are followed prospectively...
June 16, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620094/an-interrupted-time-series-analysis-to-determine-the-effect-of-an-electronic-health-record-based-intervention-on-appropriate-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-in-urban-primary-care-clinics-in-new-york-city
#9
Jeanine B Albu, Nancy Sohler, Rui Li, Xuan Li, Edwin Young, Edward W Gregg, Dennis Ross-Degnan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of a health system-wide primary care diabetes management system, which included targeted guidelines for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and prediabetes (dysglycemia) screening, on detection of previously undiagnosed dysglycemia cases. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Intervention included electronic health record (EHR)-based decision support and standardized providers and staff training for using the American Diabetes Association guidelines for dysglycemia screening...
June 15, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616080/pedobarography-as-a-clinical-tool-in-the-management-of-diabetic-feet-in-new-zealand-a-feasibility-study
#10
Jason K Gurney, Uwe G Kersting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Ajith Dissanayake, Steve York, Roger Grech, Anthony Ng, Bobbie Milne, James Stanley, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: The peripheral complications of diabetes mellitus remain a significant risk to lower-limb morbidity. In New Zealand, risk of diabetes, comorbidity and lower-limb amputation are highly-differential between demographic groups, particularly ethnicity. There is growing and convincing evidence that the use of pedobarography - or plantar pressure measurement - can usefully inform diabetic foot care, particularly with respect to the prevention of re-ulceration among high-risk patients...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614262/minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-replacement-is-a-safe-and-effective-surgery-for-patients-with-rheumatic-valve-disease-a-retrospective-study
#11
Junyu Zhai, Lai Wei, Ben Huang, Chunsheng Wang, Hongqiang Zhang, Kanhua Yin
The aim of the study was to evaluate the treatment of minimally invasive mitral valve replacement (MIMVR) through a right minithoracotomy for patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease.From February 2009 to December 2016, 360 patients with rheumatic mitral valve disease underwent mitral valve replacement by the same surgeon. Among them, 150 patients accepted MIMVR through a right minithoracotomy, whereas the other 210 accepted a traditional median sternotomy. After matching by patients by age, sex, EuroSCORE, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, renal and liver function, and degree of mitral valve disease, we selected 224 patients for analysis in our retrospective study...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609962/-i-macrocyrtus-i-i-imomzodai-i-bar%C3%A5-evskis-2016-a-new-synonym-of-i-metapocyrtus-i-i-orthocyrtus-i-i-orbiferoides-i-schultze-1918-coleoptera-curculionidae-entiminae
#12
Hiraku Yoshitake
Metapocyrtus (Orthocyrtus) orbiferoides Schultze, 1918 was described based on the female holotype collected from Ilocos Norte, North Luzon, Philippines. Since that time, it has been left unstudied for almost a century until I examined the holotype of M. (O.) orbiferoides in 2010 at Senckenberg Naturhistorische Sammlungen, Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden (SMTD). Recently, Barševskis (2016) described Macrocyrtus imomzodai based on two female specimens from Ilocos Norte, Luzon. Judging from the original description and dorsal and lateral habitus images, it is quite apparent that M...
April 18, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608228/joint-analysis-of-interval-censored-failure-time-data-and-panel-count-data
#13
Da Xu, Hui Zhao, Jianguo Sun
Interval-censored failure time data and panel count data are two types of incomplete data that commonly occur in event history studies and many methods have been developed for their analysis separately (Sun in The statistical analysis of interval-censored failure time data. Springer, New York, 2006; Sun and Zhao in The statistical analysis of panel count data. Springer, New York, 2013). Sometimes one may be interested in or need to conduct their joint analysis such as in the clinical trials with composite endpoints, for which it does not seem to exist an established approach in the literature...
June 12, 2017: Lifetime Data Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604434/trends-in-hiv-and-hcv-risk-behaviors-and-prevalent-infection-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-new-york-city-2005-2012
#14
Alan Neaigus, Kathleen H Reilly, Samuel M Jenness, Holly Hagan, Travis Wendel, Camila Gelpi-Acosta, David M Marshall
BACKGROUND: We assess trends in HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) risk behaviors and prevalent infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) in New York City (NYC). METHODS: PWID in NYC were sampled using respondent-driven sampling in 2005, 2009, and 2012 (serial cross sections) for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-sponsored National HIV Behavioral Surveillance study. Participants were interviewed about their current (≤12 months) risk behaviors and tested for HIV and HCV...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601611/evaluation-of-the-angelina-jolie-effect-on-screening-mammography-utilization-in-an-academic-center
#15
Marco D Huesch, Susann Schetter, Joel Segel, Alison Chetlen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the impact on screening mammography at our institution, comparing weekly utilization in the 2 years before and the 2 years after Ms Angelina Jolie disclosed in the New York Times on May 13, 2013, that she had had a prophylactic double mastectomy. METHODS: All 48,110 consecutive screening mammograms conducted at our institution between May 16, 2011, and May 16, 2015, were selected from our electronic medical record system...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600616/utilization-of-body-contouring-procedures-following-weight-loss-surgery-a-study-of-37-806-patients
#16
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Jihye Park, David Novikov, Lijuan Kang, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Andrew Bates, Mark Talamini, Aurora Pryor
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has substantial health benefits; however, some patients desire body contouring (BC) procedures following rapid weight loss. There is a paucity of data regarding the true rate of BC following bariatric procedures. The purpose of our study is to examine the utilization of two common procedures, abdominoplasty, and panniculectomy, following bariatric surgery in New York State. METHODS: The SPARCS longitudinal administrative database was used to identify bariatric procedures by using ICD-9 and CPT codes between 2004 and 2010...
June 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593116/bridging-the-gap-between-clinical-practice-and-public-health-using-ehr-data-to-assess-trends-in-the-seasonality-of-blood-pressure-control
#17
Aurora O Amoah, Sonia Y Angell, Hannah Byrnes-Enoch, Sam Amirfar, Phoenix Maa, Jason J Wang
Electronic health records (EHRs) provide timely access to millions of patient data records while limiting errors associated with manual data extraction. To demonstrate these advantages of EHRs to public health practice, we examine the ability of a EHR calculated blood-pressure (BP) measure to replicate seasonal variation as reported by prior studies that used manual data extraction. Our sample included 609 primary-care practices in New York City. BP control among hypertensives was defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 or less and diastolic blood pressure of 90 or less (BP < 140/90 mm Hg)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593043/diffusion-of-clindamycin-resistant-and-erythromycin-resistant-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-mssa-potential-st398-in-united-states-veterans-health-administration-hospitals-2003-2014
#18
Margaret Carrel, Michihiko Goto, Marin L Schweizer, Michael Z David, Daniel Livorsi, Eli N Perencevich
BACKGROUND: Changing phenotypic profiles of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) isolates can indicate the emergence of novel sequence types (ST). The diffusion of MSSA ST can be tracked by combining established genotypic profiles with phenotypic surveillance data. ST398 emerged in New York City (NYC) and exhibits resistance to clindamycin and erythromycin but tetracycline susceptibility ("potential ST398"). Trends of potential ST398 were examined in a national cohort of all Veterans Health Administration patients with MSSA invasive infections during 2003-2014...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590820/activity-of-ceftazidime-avibactam-against-clinical-isolates-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-including-kpc-carrying-isolates-endemic-to-new-york-city
#19
Nyla Manning, Gregory Balabanian, Michael Rose, David Landman, John Quale
In this report, we examined the (1) activity of ceftazidime-avibactam against clinical isolates Klebsiella pneumoniae, including those harboring blaKPC, (2) potential mechanisms leading to reduced susceptibility, and (3) activity of ceftazidime-avibactam when combined with other agents. Of 802 carbapenem-resistant isolates of K. pneumoniae gathered from New York City from 1999 to 2014, all were susceptible to ceftazidime-avibactam. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were higher in isolates with K. pneumoniae, with the carbapenemase (KPC)-3 (compared to KPC-2), and those with a frameshift mutation in ompK35...
June 7, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586475/aging-in-activity-space-results-from-smartphone-based-gps-tracking-of-urban-seniors
#20
Erin York Cornwell, Kathleen A Cagney
Objectives: Prior research emphasizes the importance of the residential neighborhood context during later life but little attention has been afforded to other areas that older adults encounter as they move beyond their residential environments for daily activities and social interactions. This study examines the predominance of the residential context within older adults' everyday lives. Method: We provided 60 older adults in four New York City neighborhoods with iPhones, which captured Global Positioning Systems (GPS) locations at 5-min intervals over 1 week (n = 55,561) and 17 ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) over 4 days (n = 757) to assess real-time activities...
June 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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