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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753983/sy-09-1-lowering-salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-what-is-the-evidence
#1
Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745783/sponsorship-of-national-health-organizations-by-two-major-soda-companies
#2
Daniel G Aaron, Michael B Siegel
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a pervasive public health problem in the U.S. Reducing soda consumption is important for stemming the obesity epidemic. However, several articles and one book suggest that soda companies are using their resources to impede public health interventions that might reduce soda consumption. Although corporate sponsorship by tobacco and alcohol companies has been studied extensively, there has been no systematic attempt to catalog sponsorship activities of soda companies...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688885/the-fate-of-the-new-pharmacy-bill-going-backwards-or-forwards
#3
Kah Seng Lee, Yen Wei Lim, Long Chiau Ming
BACKGROUND: The proposed Pharmacy Bill of Malaysia which served to consolidate and harmonise the existing pharmacy legislation which has been used for more than 60 years. This new Pharmacy Bill contains 17 parts and a total of 170 legislative sections covering laws governing pharmacy practice, medicinal products classification, registration, sale, supply, licensing etc. Our article could serve as a case study on pharmacy jurisprudence and drug regulation as well as the governance for medicines...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642894/sy-09-1-lowering-salt-intake-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-what-is-the-evidence
#4
Francesco Cappuccio
The evidence. Salt (i.e. sodium chloride) is causally related to blood pressure (BP). The higher the salt intake, the higher the BP, an effect seen since birth. A small and sustained reduction in salt intake causes a fall in BP. The evidence from controlled studies, small and large, short and long, all agree on the following: (1) salt intake is one of the major determinants of BP in populations and individuals; (2) a reduction in salt intake causes a dose-dependent reduction in BP - the lower the salt the lower the BP; (3) the effect is seen in both sexes, in people of all ages and ethnic groups, and with all starting BPs...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559468/a-commentary-on-the-implications-of-medication-prescription-rights-for-the-chiropractic-profession
#5
Peter C Emary, Taco A W Houweling, Martin Wangler, Stephen J Burnie, Katherine J Hood, W Mark Erwin
There is a growing desire within the chiropractic profession to expand the scope of practice to include limited medication prescription rights for the treatment of spine-related and other musculoskeletal conditions. Such prescribing rights have been successfully incorporated into a number of chiropractic jurisdictions worldwide. If limited to a musculoskeletal scope, medication prescription rights have the potential to change the present role of chiropractors within the healthcare system by paving the way for practitioners to become comprehensive specialists in the conservative management of spine / musculoskeletal disorders...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256649/the-port-arthur-massacre-and-the-national-firearms-agreement-20-years-on-what-are-the-lessons
#6
Michael J Dudley, Alan Rosen, Philip A Alpers, Rebecca Peters
The 20th anniversary of the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) offers lessons for mental health and public health. Along with similar international legislation, the NFA exemplifies how firearms regulation can prevent firearm mortality and injuries. The gun lobby claims that mental illness underpins gun violence and should be a key site for intervention. A modest but significant link exists between mental disorders and community violence. However, the vast majority of mentally ill individuals are not violent...
June 6, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188837/when-evidence-is-not-enough-a-case-study-on-alcohol-marketing-legislation-in-brazil
#7
Alan Vendrame
AIMS: This case study identifies the influence and mechanisms that the alcohol industry in Brazil has been able to bring to bear to maintain self-regulation in the marketing of beer and many wines, set against a trend of increasing alcohol consumption in Brazil particularly among young people and women. It identifies the forms of power, and strategies used by the alcohol industry in Brazil, that may be useful for other countries to consider in seeking to move from self-regulation of alcohol marketing, to state regulation of alcohol marketing...
May 18, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148891/moving-forward-from-the-affordable-care-act-to-a-single-payer-system
#8
Adam Gaffney, Steffie Woolhandler, Marcia Angell, David U Himmelstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064755/obesity-prevention-in-a-city-state-lessons-from-new-york-city-during-the-bloomberg-administration
#9
Paul M Kelly, Anna Davies, Alexandra J M Greig, Karen K Lee
OBJECTIVE: To illuminate the key components of multi-sector reform to address the obesogenic environment in New York City during the administration of Mayor Michael Bloomberg from 2002 to 2013, we conducted a case study consisting of interviews with and a critical analysis of the experiences of leading decision makers and implementers. METHOD: Key informant interviews (N = 41) conducted in 2014 were recorded, transcribed, coded, and thematically analyzed. Participants included officials from the Health Department and other New York City Government agencies, academics, civil society members, and private sector executives...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26879509/costa-rica-s-implementation-of-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-overcoming-decades-of-industry-dominance
#10
Eric Crosbie, Patricia Sosa, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the passage of Costa Rica's 2012 tobacco control law. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of legislation, newspaper articles, and key informant interviews. RESULTS: Tobacco control advocates, in close collaboration with international health groups, recruited national, regional and international experts to testify in the Legislative Assembly, implemented grassroots advocacy campaigns, and generated media coverage to enact strong legislation in March 2012 consistent with the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, despite tobacco industry lobbying efforts that for decades blocked effective tobacco control legislation...
January 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856614/the-importance-of-continued-engagement-during-the-implementation-phase-of-tobacco-control-policies-in-a-middle-income-country-the-case-of-costa-rica
#11
Eric Crosbie, Patricia Sosa, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the process of implementing and enforcing smoke-free environments, tobacco advertising, tobacco taxes and health warning labels from Costa Rica's 2012 tobacco control law. METHOD: Review of tobacco control legislation, newspaper articles and interviewing key informants. RESULTS: Despite overcoming decades of tobacco industry dominance to win enactment of a strong tobacco control law in March 2012 consistent with WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, the tobacco industry and their allies lobbied executive branch authorities for exemptions in smoke-free environments to create public confusion, and continued to report in the media that increasing cigarette taxes led to a rise in illicit trade...
February 8, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763743/review-in-vivo-and-postmortem-effects-of-feed-antioxidants-in-livestock-a-review-of-the-implications-on-authorization-of-antioxidant-feed-additives
#12
S A Salami, A Guinguina, J O Agboola, A A Omede, E M Agbonlahor, U Tayyab
The pivotal roles of regulatory jurisdictions in the feed additive sector cannot be over-emphasized. In the European Union (EU), antioxidant substances are authorized as feed additives for prolonging the shelf life of feedstuffs based on their effect for preventing lipid peroxidation. However, the efficacy of antioxidants transcends their functional use as technological additives in animal feeds. Promising research results have revealed the in vivo efficacy of dietary antioxidants for combating oxidative stress in production animals...
August 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691109/interest-group-conflict-over-medicaid-expansion-the-surprising-impact-of-public-advocates
#13
Timothy Callaghan, Lawrence R Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: We examined the potential economic, policy, and political influences on the decisions of the 50 US states to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act. METHODS: We related a measure of relative state progress toward Medicaid expansion updated to 2015 to each state's economic circumstances, established policy frameworks in states, partisan control of state government, and lobbyists for businesses, medical professionals, unions, and public interest organizations...
February 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677535/state-lobby-days-provide-opportunity-to-influence-legislative-action
#14
Justin Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464418/state-legislators-sources-and-use-of-information-bridging-the-gap-between-research-and-policy
#15
Elizabeth A Dodson, Nora A Geary, Ross C Brownson
Research can inform policymakers of public health issues and shape policy decisions, hopefully benefiting public health; thus, improving dissemination of research to policymakers is important for developing effective public health policies that improve health and health equity. However, the utilization of research among policymakers is often not fully realized. This study builds upon current knowledge about what types of information legislators seek when working on health issues and where they go for information...
December 2015: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26418616/tobacco-industry-interference-with-tobacco-control-policies-in-poland-legal-aspects-and-industry-practices
#16
Łukasz Balwicki, Michał Stokłosa, Małgorzata Balwicka-Szczyrba, Wioleta Tomczak
BACKGROUND: Since 2006, when Poland ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), there have been efforts to improve tobacco control regulation in the country. At the same time, at the European Union level, Poland took part in discussions over revision of the Tobacco Tax Directive and the Tobacco Products Directive. This study aims to explore the tobacco industry's tactics to interfere with the creation of those policies. METHODS: Analysis of 257 documents obtained through freedom of information request...
September 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259364/a-tribute-and-a-call-to-action-to-our-new-graduates
#17
Willa Fuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Florida Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259363/tallahassee-2015-a-call-to-action-for-nursing
#18
Edward Briggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Florida Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26242948/false-framings-the-co-opting-of-sex-selection-by-the-anti-abortion-movement
#19
COMMENT
Seema Mohapatra
Jesudason and Weitz's article examines two public policy debates in California, where both sides of the debate used similar language that had the potential to be detrimental to women. Specifically, they show how anti-abortion crusaders in California used similar language to describe why women's rights should be curtailed as pro-choice advocates use when fighting for more choice and privacy for women's reproductive decisions. This commentary builds upon their article by demonstrating the harm that such co-opting causes to women's rights using the example of sex selective abortion...
2015: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26005085/safety-or-efficiency-strategies-and-conflicting-interests-in-belgian-road-safety-policy-1920-1940
#20
Donald Weber
After World War I, automobile ownership became a mass phenomenon in Belgium, as in most other industrialized countries. Unfortunately, road-casualty figures soon followed. By the mid-1930s, traffic accidents had become the main cause of accidental deaths. There was clearly a need for a renewed road-safety policy. Public authorities in Belgium, however, were suspiciously reluctant to take new measures. While there was a public outcry for more severe regulation of motorized traffic and several MPs backed bills to this effect, motoring associations lobbied against traffic legislation reforms...
April 2015: Technology and Culture
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