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Apparent diffusion coefficient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448409/assessing-synovitis-and-bone-erosion-with-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-in-early-stage-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Jin Qu, Xinwei Lei, Ying Zhan, Huixia Li, Yu Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in distinguishing synovitis from joint fluid and bone erosion from cysts. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with suspected rheumatoid arthritis underwent diffusion-weighted imaging and pre- and post-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. The mean ADC values were compared between synovitis and joint effusion and between bone erosion and cyst. RESULTS: Mean ADC value of synovitis was significantly lower than that of the joint effusion (2...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441051/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-brain-of-neurologically-normal-dogs
#2
Megan J MacLellan, Christopher P Ober, Daniel A Feeney, Carl R Jessen
OBJECTIVE To acquire MRI diffusion data (apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC] and fractional anisotropy [FA] values, including separate measures for gray and white matter) at 3.0 T for multiple locations of the brain of neurologically normal dogs. ANIMALS: 13 neurologically normal dogs recruited from a group of patients undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. PROCEDURES: MRI duration ranged from 20 to 30 minutes, including obtaining preliminary images to exclude pathological changes (T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery transverse and dorsal images) and diffusion-weighted images...
May 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439776/preoperative-grading-of-supratentorial-nonenhancing-gliomas-by-high-b-value-diffusion-weighted-3%C3%A2-t-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Haiwei Han, Chengkun Han, Xiurong Wu, Shan Zhong, Xiongjie Zhuang, Guowei Tan, Hua Wu
The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in discrimination between high- and low-grade supratentorial nonenhancing gliomas (HGGs and LGGs, respectively) when using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values with high or standard b-value. Thirty-nine patients underwent conventional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with standard and high b-values (b = 1000 and 3000 s/mm(2), respectively). Minimum, maximum, and mean ADC values (ADCMIN, ADCMAX, and ADCMEAN, respectively) were measured from ADC maps with both b-values...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438871/multiparametric-mri-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-adc-accuracy-in-diagnosing-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer
#4
Pietro Pepe, Davide D'Urso, Antonio Garufi, Giandomenico Priolo, Michele Pennisi, Giorgio Russo, Maria Gabriella Sabini, Lucia Maria Valastro, Antonio Galia, Filippo Fraggetta
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging apparent diffusion coefficient (mpMRI ADC) in the diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2016 to December 2016, 44 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy for PCa and mpMRI lesions suggestive of cancer were retrospectively evaluated at definitive specimen. The accuracy of suspicious mpMRI prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS ≥3) vs...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437896/variability-of-apparent-and-inherent-optical-properties-of-sediment-laden-waters-in-large-river-basins-lessons-from-in-situ-measurements-and-bio-optical-modeling
#5
Sylvain Pinet, Jean-Michel Martinez, Sylvain Ouillon, Bruno Lartiges, Raul Espinoza Villar
We investigated the relationships between inherent and apparent optical properties (IOP and AOP, respectively) and suspended sediment concentrations (SSC) in the main Amazonian river waters. In situ measurements of SSC, remote sensing reflectance (R<sub>rs</sub>), the diffuse light attenuation coefficient (K<sub>d</sub>) and the total and non-algal particle (NAP) absorption coefficients (a<sub>TOT</sub> and a<sub>NAP</sub>, respectively) were conducted during three sampling trips along different streams of the Amazon River catchment (104 stations)...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432796/an-acetone-based-phantom-for-quantitative-diffusion-mri
#6
Xiaoke Wang, Scott B Reeder, Diego Hernando
PURPOSE: To propose and evaluate an acetone-D2 O phantom that has an extended range of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) for quantitative diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as to compare its properties to previously described water-based phantoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proposed acetone-D2 O, and previously described sucrose water solution and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) water solution phantoms, were constructed in a number of concentrations between 0% and 50%...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432188/magnetic-resonance-neurography-visualizes-abnormalities-in-sciatic-and-tibial-nerves-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-neuropathy
#7
Michael Vaeggemose, Mirko Pham, Steffen Ringgaard, Hatice Tankisi, Niels Ejskjaer, Sabine Heiland, Per L Poulsen, Henning Andersen
This study evaluates whether diffusion-tensor-imaging MR-Neurography (DTI-MRN), T2-relaxation-time and proton-spin-density can detect and grade neuropathic abnormalities in patients with type 1 diabetes.Forty-nine patients with type 1 diabetes (11 with severe polyneuropathy (sDPN), 13 with mild polyneuropathy (mDPN) and 25 without polyneuropathy (nDPN)) and 30 healthy controls (HC) were included. Clinical examinations, nerve-conduction-studies and vibratory-perception-thresholds determined the presence and severity of DPN...
April 21, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430222/impact-of-partial-coherence-on-the-apparent-optical-transfer-function-derived-from-the-response-to-amplitude-edges
#8
S Mojtaba Shakeri, Lucas J van Vliet, Sjoerd Stallinga
We present an investigation of the impact of partial coherence on optical imaging systems with the focus on whole slide imaging (WSI) systems for digital pathology. The investigation is based on the analysis of the edge response of the optical system, which gives rise to an apparent optical transfer function (OTF) that can be linked to two elementary complex functions Q and U. The function Q is directly related to the transmission cross coefficient (TCC) and can be identified with the performance function first introduced by Kintner and Sillitto...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426926/sorbent-material-characterization-using-in-tube-extraction-needles-as-inverse-gas-chromatography-column
#9
Xochitli L Osorio Barajas, Maik A Jochmann, Thorsten Hüffer, Beat Schilling, Torsten C Schmidt
In-tube extraction is a full automated enrichment technique, which consists of a stainless-steel needle, packed with sorbent material for the extraction of volatile and semi-volatile compounds. In principle, all particulate sorbents used for enrichment in air or headspace analysis can be used. However, the selection of the sorbents is merely based on empirical considerations rather than on experimental data, which is caused by a lack of knowledge about the relevant physicochemical properties of the sorbent...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425047/can-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-antibody-reverse-radiation-necrosis-a-preclinical-investigation
#10
Chong Duan, Carlos J Perez-Torres, Liya Yuan, John A Engelbach, Scott C Beeman, Christina I Tsien, Keith M Rich, Robert E Schmidt, Joseph J H Ackerman, Joel R Garbow
Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) antibodies are a promising new treatment for late time-to-onset radiation-induced necrosis (RN). We sought to evaluate and validate the response to anti-VEGF antibody in a mouse model of RN. Mice were irradiated with the Leksell Gamma Knife Perfexion™ and then treated with anti-VEGF antibody, beginning at post-irradiation (PIR) week 8. RN progression was monitored via anatomic and diffusion MRI from weeks 4-12 PIR. Standard histology, using haematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and immunohistochemistry staining were used to validate the response to treatment...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423698/parameters-of-simultaneous-18f-fdg-pet-mri-predict-tumor-stage-and-several-histopathological-features-in-uterine-cervical-cancer
#11
Alexey Surov, Hans Jonas Meyer, Stefan Schob, Anne-Kathrin Höhn, Kristina Bremicker, Marc Exner, Patrick Stumpp, Sandra Purz
The purpose of this study was to analyze associations between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and standardized uptake values (SUV) values and different histopathological parameters in uterine cervical cancer. 21 patients with primary uterine cervical cancer were involved into the study. All patients underwent a whole body simultaneous18F-FDG PET/MRI. Mean and maximum SUV were noted (SUVmean and SUVmax). In all tumors minimal, mean, and maximal ADC values (ADCmin, ADCmean, and ADCmax) were estimated. Combined parameters were calculated: SUVmax/SUVmean, ADCmin/ ADCmean, SUVmax/ADCmin and SUVmax/ADCmean...
March 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423540/correlations-between-intravoxel-incoherent-motion-ivim-parameters-and-histological-findings-in-rectal-cancer-preliminary-results
#12
Alexey Surov, Hans Jonas Meyer, Anne-Kathrin Höhn, Curd Behrmann, Andreas Wienke, Rolf Peter Spielmann, Nikita Garnov
Our purpose was to correlate different intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), histopathological and clinical parameters in rectal cancer. 17 patients with histologically proven rectal cancer investigated on a 3.T device were included into the study. DWI was performed using a multi-slice single-shot echo-planar imaging sequence with b values of 0, 50, 200, 500 and 1000 s/mm.2 A polygonal region of interest was drawn within the tumors on every b image. The following parameters were retrieved from IVIM: apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion (D), pseudo diffusion coefficient (D*), perfusion factor (f), and relative perfusion f·D*...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422807/clinical-robustness-of-accelerated-and-optimized-abdominal-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#13
Jana Taron, Jakob Weiß, Petros Martirosian, Ferdinand Seith, Alto Stemmer, Fabian Bamberg, Mike Notohamiprodjo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the robustness of an accelerated and optimized diffusion-weighted sequence in clinical routine abdominal imaging using the simultaneous multislice (SMS) technique for scan time reduction and 3-dimensional (3D) diagonal diffusion mode to optimize image quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty consecutive patients received clinically indicated magnetic resonance imaging for abdominal imaging including an optimized SMS diffusion-weighted sequence (DWIOPT: diffusion mode 3D diagonal; SMS factor 2; scan time 1:44 minutes)...
April 19, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419705/intravoxel-incoherent-motion-mri-for-the-differentiation-of-benign-intermediate-and-malignant-solid-soft-tissue-tumors
#14
Haijun Wu, Shuixing Zhang, Changhong Liang, Hui Liu, Yanhui Liu, Yingjie Mei, Hongjun Liu, Zaiyi Liu, Fangping Xu
PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic potential of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters for the differentiation of benign, intermediate, and malignant solid soft-tissue tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Institutional Review Board approved this prospective study, and informed consent was obtained. IVIM imaging was performed in 64 patients including 44 benign, 6 intermediate, and 14 malignant solid soft-tissue tumors at 1...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419644/diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-hyperpolarized-13-c-urea-in-mouse-liver
#15
Irene Marco-Rius, Jeremy W Gordon, Aras N Mattis, Robert Bok, Romelyn Delos Santos, Subramanian Sukumar, Peder E Z Larson, Daniel B Vigneron, Michael A Ohliger
PURPOSE: To compare the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of hyperpolarized (HP) [(13) C,(15) N]urea to the ADC of endogenous water in healthy and fibrotic mouse liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ADC measurements for water and [(13) C]urea were made in agarose phantoms at 14.1T. Next, the ADC of water and injected HP [(13) C,(15) N]urea were measured in eight CD1 mouse livers before and after induction of liver fibrosis using CCl4 . Liver fibrosis was quantified pathologically using the modified Brunt fibrosis score and compared to the measured ADC of water and urea...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419638/a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-tractography-study-in-bipolar-disorder-patients-compared-to-first-degree-relatives-and-healthy-controls
#16
Ananya Mahapatra, Sudhir Kumar Khandelwal, Pratap Sharan, Ajay Garg, N K Mishra
AIM: To compare white matter structural changes in specific tracts by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography in patients of bipolar disorder I, non-ill first degree relatives of the patients, and healthy controls. METHODS: In a cross sectional study, we studied right-handed subjects consisting of 16 euthymic bipolar disorder I patients, 15 first degree relatives and 15 healthy controls. The anterior thalamic radiation, uncinate fasciculus, corpus callosum, and cingulum bundle were reconstructed by DTI tractography...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417929/histogram-analysis-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-at-3t-is-useful-for-prediction-of-lymphatic-metastatic-spread-proliferative-activity-and-cellularity-in-thyroid-cancer
#17
Stefan Schob, Hans Jonas Meyer, Julia Dieckow, Bhogal Pervinder, Nikolaos Pazaitis, Anne Kathrin Höhn, Nikita Garnov, Diana Horvath-Rizea, Karl-Titus Hoffmann, Alexey Surov
Pre-surgical diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is increasingly important in the context of thyroid cancer for identification of the optimal treatment strategy. It has exemplarily been shown that DWI at 3T can distinguish undifferentiated from well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma, which has decisive implications for the magnitude of surgery. This study used DWI histogram analysis of whole tumor apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps. The primary aim was to discriminate thyroid carcinomas which had already gained the capacity to metastasize lymphatically from those not yet being able to spread via the lymphatic system...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415600/the-value-of-mri-in-evaluating-the-efficacy-and-complications-with-the-treatment-of-intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-retinoblastoma
#18
Shuxian Chen, Xunda Ji, Ming Liu, Zhengrong Xia, Hui Zheng, Qiufeng Yin, He Wang, Yuhua Li
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignant tumor of childhood. Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) is a recently popularized technique used for the treatment of retinoblastoma, to decrease mortality, increase preservation of the eye, and prevent blindness. Along with the extensive use of IAC, it is important to apply noninvasive examination methods to assess the activity of the tumor and the risk factors for disease dissemination without histopathological confirmation. There are few studies that have assessed the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating the efficacy and complications of IAC for retinoblastoma...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413873/the-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-adc-as-a-potential-marker-of-inflammation-associated-with-body-abscesses
#19
Shuichi Kawada, Taro Takahara, Tamaki Ichikawa, Hiroshi Yamamuro, Yoshimi Nagata, Tsuyoshi Nagata, Takashi Aizawa, Thomas C Kwee, Kouichi Mori, Yutaka Imai
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of apparent diffusion coefficient analysis in evaluating the inflammatory severity of extracranial abscesses. METHODS: This retrospective study included 23 patients with solitary body abscesses (except those in the brain) who underwent 1.5-T diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) at b-values of 0 and 1000 s/mm(2). Three types of the Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) measurements of abscesses were performed: the mean ADC value in region of interest (ROI), volume of interest (VOI), and histogram analysis of the ADC distribution in the VOI...
April 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412496/magnesium-sulfate-mg-prevents-maternal-inflammation-induced-offspring-cerebral-injury-evident-on-mri-but-not-via-il-1%C3%AE
#20
Yuval Ginsberg, Nizar Khatib, Boaz Weiss, Shay Arison, Michael G Ross, Zeev Weiner, Ron Beloosesky
OBJECTIVE: As maternal treatment with magnesium sulfate (MG) may protect the fetal brain, we sought to assess the inflammation associated neuroprotective potential of MG and its association to interleukin 1β (IL-1β). METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats at 18-day gestation received i.p. lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline. Dams were randomized to treatment with s.c. saline (control), or MG prior to or following the i.p. injection, resulting in three groups. At the end of the treatment, fetal brain IL-1β was quantified for 18 pregnant rats (six of each group)...
April 12, 2017: Neuroscience
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