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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151089/capgras-syndrome-and-other-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#1
Alain Barrelle, J-P Luauté
The delusional misidentification syndromes (DMS) are a group of disorders, characterized by patients mistaking the identity of people they know, although they recognize them physically. The term DMS is an umbrella term which may cover disorders whose definition extends to objects other than people, such as animals, places, or familiar material objects. The most common and best known DMS is Capgras syndrome. In this disorder, the misidentification leads to the delusional conviction that a close friend or relative has been replaced by an identical - or almost identical - "double," whose original has disappeared...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145178/minor-hemisphere-major-syndromes
#2
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
A right "minor hemisphere" does not exist as the right hemisphere is dominant for awareness (nosognosia), spatial attention, emotional regulation, facial and voice expressions, visual recognition, and topographical orientation. Without the right hemisphere, the world would be flat, deprived of general and spatial attentions, pointing preferentially to the right side of the space, lacking visual experiences and emotions, exhibiting diminished awareness of the self and environment. Clinical-related syndromes of the right hemisphere are unilateral spatial neglect, object and face visual agnosia, the anosognosia for hemiparesis and/or hemianopia, misidentification syndromes, mania, and other obsessions for the food and the body...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143197/three-cases-of-hereditary-tyrosinaemia-type-1-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-and-brain-imaging-following-treatment-with-ntbc
#3
Helen Walker, Mervi Pitkanen, Yusof Rahman, Sally F Barrington
AIM: To examine neuropsychiatric outcomes in adults with hereditary tyrosinaemia type I (HT-1), treated with 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl)-1,3-cyclohexanedione (NTBC) and correlate these with functional imaging as well as with tyrosine and phenylalanine-tyrosine (Phe:Tyr) ratios. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of three adult HT-1 patients with a particular focus on their FDG PET/CT brain scans, neuropsychiatric assessment (including neurocognitive assessment and mood and anxiety ratings) as well as mean tyrosine and phenylalanine levels and Phe:Tyr ratios for 3-month period...
November 16, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120270/explaining-body-size-beliefs-in-anorexia
#4
Stephen Gadsby
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive neuropsychiatry has had much success in providing theoretical models for the causal origins of many delusional beliefs. Recently, it has been suggested that some anorexia nervosa patients' beliefs about their own body size should be considered delusions. As such, it seems high time the methods of cognitive neuropsychiatry were turned to modelling the false body size beliefs of anorexics. METHODS: In this paper, I adopt an empiricist approach to modelling the causal origins of false body size beliefs in anorexia...
November 9, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105149/a-pilot-study-investigating-the-feasibility-of-symptom-assessment-manager-sam-a-web-based-real-time-tool-for-monitoring-challenging-behaviors
#5
Samantha M Loi, Sangeeth Wanasinghage, Anita Goh, Nicola T Lautenschlager, David G Darby, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Improving and minimizing challenging behaviors seen in psychiatric conditions, including behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are important in the care of people with these conditions. Yet there is a lack of systematic evaluation of these as a part of routine clinical care. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory is a validated and reliable tool for rating the severity and disruptiveness of challenging behaviors. We report on the evaluation of a Web-based symptom assessment manager (SAM), designed to address the limitation of previous tools using some of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory functions, to monitor behaviors by staff caring for people with dementia and other psychiatric conditions in inpatient and residential care settings...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096386/cannabis-induced-psychosis-and-subsequent-psychiatric-disorders
#6
Dharav Shah, Prabhat Chand, Mrunal Bandawar, Vivek Benegal, Pratima Murthy
INTRODUCTION: Long term change in diagnosis of patients having Cannabis induced psychosis (CIP) at the index evaluation is well recognised. Some patients are known to achieve complete remission while others go on to develop independent schizophrenia or mood disorders. AIMS: To study the long-term course of CIP and factors influencing it. METHOD: Patients diagnosed as CIP (ICD 10: F12.5), admitted at NIMHANS, a tertiary neuropsychiatry centre at Bangalore, over the past 10 years were identified from medical records...
October 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058115/adolescents-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-in-italian-neuropsychiatry-services-prevalence-psychopathology-and-transition-rate
#7
Lorenzo Pelizza, Silvia Azzali, Sara Garlassi, Federica Paterlini, Ilaria Scazza, Luigi Rocco Chiri, Simona Pupo, Andrea Raballo
Studies in adolescents on ultra-high risk (UHR) and basic symptoms (BS) criteria for psychosis prediction are scarce. In Italy, early interventions in psychosis are less widespread than in other European countries. In the present study, we (1) assessed the clinical relevance of a UHR diagnosis [according to the comprehensive assessment of at-risk mental states (CAARMS) criteria] to promote the implementation of specific services for UHR adolescents into the Italian health care system; (2) described severity of positive, negative, general, and basic symptoms in UHR adolescents compared to adolescents with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and non-UHR adolescents (i...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054292/addiction-a-dysregulation-of-satiety-and-inflammatory-processes
#8
Rivona Harricharan, Oualid Abboussi, William M U Daniels
Over the years, drug addiction has proven to be a perplexing conundrum for scientists. In attempts to decipher the components of the puzzle, multiple theories of addiction have been proposed. While these theories have assisted in providing essential fundamental information, current research recommends that a new theory needs to be presented taking into consideration the results of recent developments in the fields of neuroimmunology, genetics, and neuropsychiatry. After extensively examining the published literature, we propose in this review that neuroinflammation and hypothalamic functioning strongly underpin addictive behavior...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037340/-neuropsychiatry-of-movement-disorders
#9
Juan Manuel Orjuela-Rojas, Gustavo Adolfo Barrios Vincos, Melisa Alejandra Martínez Gallego
Movement disorders can be defined as neurological syndromes presenting with excessive or diminished automatic or voluntary movements not related to weakness or spasticity. Both Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD) are well-known examples of these syndromes. The high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric symptoms like depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, hallucinations, delusions, impulsivity, sleep disorders, apathy and cognitive impairment mean that these conditions must be regarded as neuropsychiatric diseases...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037336/neuropsychiatry-towards-a-philosophy-of-praxis
#10
Jesús Ramirez-Bermudez, Rodrigo Perez-Esparza, Luis Carlos Aguilar-Venegas, Perminder Sachdev
Neuropsychiatry is a specialized clinical, academic and scientific discipline with its field located in the borderland territory between neurology and psychiatry. In this article, we approach the theoretical definition of neuropsychiatry, and in order to address the practical aspects of the discipline, we describe the profile of a neuropsychiatric liaison service in the setting of a large hospital for neurological diseases in a middle-income country. An audit of consecutive in-patients requiring neuropsychiatric assessment at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico is reported, comprising a total of 1212 patients...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037334/an-international-curriculum-for-neuropsychiatry-and-behavioural-neurology
#11
Perminder Sachdev, Adith Mohan
With major advances in neuroscience in the last three decades, there is an emphasis on understanding disturbances in thought, behaviour and emotion in terms of their neuroscientific underpinnings. While psychiatry and neurology, both of which deal with brain diseases, have a historical standing as distinct disciplines, there has been an increasing need to have a combined neuropsychiatric approach to deal with many conditions and disorders. Additionally, there is a body of disorders and conditions that warrants the skills sets and knowledge bases of both disciplines...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976244/yorkshire-s-influence-on-the-understanding-and-treatment-of-mental-diseases-in-victorian-britain-the-golden-triad-of-york-wakefield-and-leeds
#12
Henry R Rollin, Edward H Reynolds
In the late-eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a more humane approach to the care of the insane in Britain was catalyzed in part by the illness of King George III. The Reform Movement envisaged "moral" treatment in asylums in pleasant rural environments, but these aspirations were overwhelmed by industrialization, urbanization, and the scale of the need, such that most asylums became gigantic institutions for chronic insanity. Three institutions in Yorkshire remained beacons of enlightenment in the general gloom of Victorian alienism: the Retreat in York founded and developed by the Quaker Tuke family; the West Riding Lunatic Asylum in Wakefield led by Sir James Crichton-Browne, which initiated research into brain and mental diseases; and the Leeds Medical School and Wakefield axis associated with Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt, which pioneered teaching of mental diseases and, later, the first Chair of Psychiatry...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974163/neurobiology-and-neuroimaging-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-implications-for-neuropsychiatry
#13
Sarah L Martindale, Robin A Hurley, Katherine H Taber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965430/deep-brain-stimulation-for-severe-treatment-resistant-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-an-open-label-case-series
#14
Sarah Farrand, Andrew H Evans, Simone Mangelsdorf, Samantha M Loi, Ramon Mocellin, Adam Borham, JoAnne Bevilacqua, Scott Blair-West, Mark A Walterfang, Richard G Bittar, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation can be of benefit in carefully selected patients with severe intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of this paper is to describe the outcomes of the first seven deep brain stimulation procedures for obsessive-compulsive disorder undertaken at the Neuropsychiatry Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital. The primary objective was to assess the response to deep brain stimulation treatment utilising the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale as a measure of symptom severity...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916014/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-pediatric-subspecialty-clinics
#15
REVIEW
Chase Samsel, Monique Ribeiro, Patricia Ibeziako, David R DeMaso
Comorbid behavioral and physical health conditions are accompanied by troubling symptom burden, functional impairment, and treatment complexity. Pediatric subspecialty care clinics offer an opportunity for the implementation of integrated behavioral health (BH) care models that promote resiliency. This article reviews integrated BH care in oncology, palliative care, pain, neuropsychiatry, cystic fibrosis, and transplantation. Examples include integrated care mandates, standards of care, research, and quality improvement by child and adolescent psychiatrists (CAPs) and allied BH clinicians...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900613/screening-for-developmental-disorders-in-3-and-4-year-old-italian-children-a-preliminary-study
#16
Elena Catino, Michela Di Trani, Federica Giovannone, Filippo Manti, Letizia Nunziata, Francesca Piccari, Virginia Sirchia, Lucia Vannucci, Carla Sogos
BACKGROUND: The "Osserviamo" project, coordinated by the Municipality of Rome and the Department of Pediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry of Sapienza University, aimed to validate an Italian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3 and to collect, for the first time in Italy, data on developmental disorders in a sample of 4,000 children aged 3 and 4 years. The present paper presents the preliminary results of the "Osserviamo" project. METHODS: 600 parents of children between 39 and 50 months of age (divided in two age stages: 42 and 48 months) were contacted from 15 kindergarden schools...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870563/executive-dysfunction-behavioral-changes-and-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#17
Ruwei Ou, Hui Liu, Yanbing Hou, Qianqian Wei, Bei Cao, Bi Zhao, Huifang Shang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence and clinical correlates of executive impairment and behavioral changes, and the determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Chinese patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 52 patients with PSP. The frontal assessment battery (FAB) was used to assess executive function, while the frontal behavioral inventory (FBI) and Neuropsychiatry Inventory (NPI) were used to assess behavioral changes...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812273/a-precision-medicine-approach-to-oxytocin%C3%A2-trials
#18
Elissar Andari, Rene Hurlemann, Larry J Young
In this chapter, we introduce a new area of social pharmacology that encompasses the study of the role of neuromodulators in modulating a wide range of social behaviors and brain function, with the interplay of genetic and epigenetic factors. There are increasing evidences for the role of the neuropeptide oxytocin in modulating a wide range of social behaviors, in reducing anxiety, and in impacting the social brain network. Oxytocin also promotes social functions in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and reduces anxiety and fear in anxiety disorders...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800653/-anniversary-celebration-of-the-german-society-of-psychiatry-psychotherapy-psychosomatics-and-neuropsychiatry-dgppn-175-years-of-psychiatric-associations-in-germany
#19
Fritz Hohagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766954/dysphagia-in-rett-syndrome-a-descriptive-study
#20
Chiara Mezzedimi, Walter Livi, Claudio De Felice, Serena Cocca
OBJECTIVES: Rett syndrome (RS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder and the second major cause of mental retardation in females. The aim of this study was to evaluate swallowing problems of RS patients by endoscopic assessment and compile a list of suggestions for managing feeding and preventing complications. METHODS: The sample consisted of 61 female patients (mean age = 13.6 years, range, 2-33 years) admitted to the Department of Neuropsychiatry, where they had previously been diagnosed with RS...
September 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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