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side effects corticosteroid injections

Elliot M Silver, William Ochoa
BACKGROUND Chronic intake of high-dose corticosteroids is associated with multiple adverse clinical effects, including hypertension, insulin resistance, impaired wound healing, immunosuppression, myopathy, and osteoporosis. In cases of autoimmune disease, use of steroid-sparing treatment modalities is preferred over chronic steroid therapy to limit these side effects. Glucocorticoid-induced myopathy is a less common side effect of chronic steroid use in patients treated with <10 mg/day of prednisone. However, doses exceeding 40-60 mg/day can induce clinically significant myopathy and weakness...
March 11, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Bernardo Rodrigues Mendes Moraes, Micael Valtoni Dantas do Nascimento, Epitácio Dias da Silva Neto, Ruth Miyuki Santo
RATIONALE: Conjunctival lymphoproliferative lesions constitute a significant diagnostic challenge and it is essential to exclude neoplastic lesions. Histopathological and immunohistochemical tests are very useful in establishing the correct diagnosis. Reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) is part of a spectrum of lymphocytic infiltrative disorders. Evidence is scarce regarding appropriate treatment of conjunctival RLH. We report a case treated with topical corticosteroid. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40 year-old female presented with a 7-month history of a slow growth tumor in the superior conjunctiva of the right eye...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jin-Sung Park, Donghwi Park
Ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection into the carpal tunnel is widely performed for the management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, this injection may worsen the condition in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) was recently recognized as a substitute for corticosteroid due to its anti-inflammatory effects. A 41-year-old woman with type 2 DM was admitted to our rehabilitation clinic with a 1-month history of numbness and tingling in her right hand and first 3 fingers tips...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Theresa A Lawrie, John T Green, Mark Beresford, Linda Wedlake, Sorrel Burden, Susan E Davidson, Simon Lal, Caroline C Henson, H Jervoise N Andreyev
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of people survive cancer but a significant proportion have gastrointestinal side effects as a result of radiotherapy (RT), which impairs their quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVES: To determine which prophylactic interventions reduce the incidence, severity or both of adverse gastrointestinal effects among adults receiving radiotherapy to treat primary pelvic cancers. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted searches of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase in September 2016 and updated them on 2 November 2017...
January 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Marlon A Moldez, Victor R Camones, Guillermo E Ramos, Mariela Padilla, Reyes Enciso
AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of intra-articular injections of sodium hyaluronate (NaH) or corticosteroids (CS) for treatment of intracapsular temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: Single- or double-blinded randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of NaH or CS injections, compared to each other or to placebo, for the treatment of intracapsular TMD due to osteoarthritis and/or internal joint derangement were analyzed in this systematic review and meta-analysis...
2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Nadere Nikbakht, Bijan Forogh, Gholam Reza Raissi, Tannaz Ahadi, Safoora Ebadi, Peyman Roomizadeh, Hamid Reza Fadavi, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Bina Eftekharsadat
OBJECTIVE: In this study the clinical effectiveness of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection "above" versus "below" the median nerve for treatment of patients with mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) was compared. DESIGN: This prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial included 44 patients with mild to moderate CTS. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups to receive ultrasound-guided injection of 40 mg triamcinolone either "above" or "below" the involved median nerve...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Nádia Martins, Joaquim Polido-Pereira, Manuel Caneira, João Eurico Fonseca
Subcutaneous fat atrophy and hypopigmentation are potential adverse side effects of local corticosteroid injection that may resolve spontaneously within 1-2 years. This report shows that fat grafting provides a simple, effective and safe correction of corticosteroid induced cutaneous atrophy with very satisfying esthetic and functional results.
December 8, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
Christopher Centeno, Jason Markle, Ehren Dodson, Ian Stemper, Matthew Hyzy, Christopher Williams, Michael Freeman
BACKGROUND: Epidural steroid injections (ESI) are the most common pain management procedure performed in the US, however evidence of efficacy is limited. In addition, there is early evidence that the high dose of corticosteroids used can have systemic side effects. We describe the results of a case series evaluating the use of platelet lysate (PL) epidural injections for the treatment of lumbar radicular pain as an alternative to corticosteroids. METHODS: Registry data was obtained for patients (N = 470) treated with PL epidural injections presenting with symptoms of lumbar radicular pain and MRI findings that were consistent with symptoms...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Sonia Rekik, Soumaya Boussaid, Hedia Ben Abla, Ilhem Cheour, Med Ben Amor, Med Elleuch
Epidural or intra-articular injections of corticosteroids are an option for the treatment of several pain conditions but are not without adverse effects. Here, we discuss a rare systemic side effect of this therapy: Tachon syndrome. We report two cases, a 64-year-old woman and a 43-year-old man, who presented with Tachon syndrome after receiving, respectively, a shoulder and a lumbar injection of cortivazol 3.75 mg/1.5 ml suspension for injection in pre-filled syringes. The indication for this therapy was, respectively, tendinopathy of the supraspinatus and a mechanical L5 lumbosciatica...
November 24, 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
Rodrigo Pirmez, Leonardo S Abraham, Bruna Duque-Estrada, Patrícia Damasco, Débora Cadore Farias, Yanna Kelly, Isabella Doche
Intralesional corticosteroid (IL-CS) injections have been used to treat a variety of dermatological and nondermatological diseases. Although an important therapeutic tool in dermatology, a number of local side effects, including skin atrophy, have been reported following IL-CS injections. We recently noticed that a subset of patients with steroid-induced atrophy presented with ivory-colored areas under trichoscopy. We performed a retrospective analysis of trichoscopic images and medical records from patients presenting ivory-colored areas associated with atrophic scalp lesions...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
Joël Schlatter, David Nguyen, Michèle Zamy, Sofiane Kabiche, Jean-Eudes Fontan, Salvatore Cisternino
PURPOSE: Complications of the intrathecal route may cause potential toxicity related to the medical device and properties of the administered drug and/or excipient. A description of clinical and histological effects of polyethylene glycol and miripirium after Depo-Medrol injection, and the adverse reactions of particulate methylprednisolone acetate was conducted. The safety of the intrathecal route with excipients, label and off-label drugs is discussed. METHODS: A bibliographic search in Medline, Google, and Cochrane database from 1940 to June 2016 was performed...
November 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
Raj K Maturi, Adam R Glassman, Danni Liu, Roy W Beck, Abdhish R Bhavsar, Neil M Bressler, Lee M Jampol, Michele Melia, Omar S Punjabi, Hani Salehi-Had, Jennifer K Sun
Importance: Some eyes have persistent diabetic macular edema (DME) following anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy for DME. Subsequently adding intravitreous corticosteroids to the treatment regimen might result in better outcomes than continued anti-VEGF therapy alone. Objective: To compare continued intravitreous ranibizumab alone with ranibizumab plus intravitreous dexamethasone implant in eyes with persistent DME. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 2 multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted at 40 US sites in 129 eyes from 116 adults with diabetes between February 2014 and December 2016...
November 11, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Abdul Fettah Buyuk, Eray Kilinc, Ismet Yalkin Camurcu, Savas Camur, Hanifi Ucpunar, Adnan Kara
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of two different corticosteroid types in bilateral and symmetrical knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-six patients received injections of methylprednisolone acetate (MP) in one knee and triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH) in the contralateral knee. Patients were evaluated before injection and 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks after. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 68.5±9 years. Mean BMI was 26.3±2...
September 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Lucas A Heldt Manica, Philip R Cohen
Testosterone replacement therapy is a treatment utilized for male hypogonadism. A subcutaneous testosterone pellet is a long-acting, slow-release delivery system that can be utilized as androgen replacement therapy. A 77-year-old man who was treated with testosterone pellets developed dermatitis consisting of erythematous plaques and patches on both buttocks and thighs within 28 days following the subcutaneous insertion of testosterone pellets. The skin lesions rapidly resolved with high-potency topical corticosteroid application...
August 11, 2017: Curēus
Emma Kaile, Jeremy D P Bland
The risks of corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome, principally intraneural injection and tendon rupture, are known only from anecdotal reports. The literature does not allow an accurate estimate of their incidence or that of lesser side effects such as local pain. We have encountered only four serious complications in 9515 injections. We asked patients about possible side effects at routine follow-up, 6 weeks after 689 injections with 40 mg triamcinolone. Possible side effects were reported after 33% of injections...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Ozan Volkan Yurdakul, Lütfiye Aytüre, Ebru Yilmaz Yalçinkaya
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone deficiency is a well-known clinical entity that is usually treated with somatotropin (growth hormone). Growth hormone has some frequent side effects such as intracranial hypertension, lymphedema and diabetes mellitus. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 14-year-old girl with a history of wrist pain and clumsiness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed de Quervain tenosynovitis. The patient had a history of using growth hormones for 12 months...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Mehrdad Rogha, Amin Kalkoo
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is fairly a common disorder which is usually treated with corticosteroids via systemic administration and/or intra-tympanic injection. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of intra-tympanic injections of dexamethasone with its combination with hyaluronic acid in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this clinical trial, 40 patients were randomly assigned to two groups; in the first group, 20 patients received 2...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Arjun B Sood, Sheila T Angeles-Han
There are no standardized treatment protocols for pediatric non-infectious uveitis. Topical corticosteroids are the typical first-line agent, although systemic corticosteroids are used in intermediate, posterior and panuveitic uveitis. Corticosteroids are not considered to be long-term therapy due to potential ocular and systemic side effects. In children with severe and/or refractory uveitis, timely management with higher dose disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologic agents is important...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology
Ziwei Ren, Min He, Fang Deng, Yan Chen, Liyin Chai, Bing Chen, Wuquan Deng
OBJECTIVE: Local immune regulation therapy has been one of the therapeutic methods used for the treatment of autoimmune thyroid disease in patients with pretibial myxedema (PTM). However, the poor response rate and high recurrence rate are still major problems. Whether a premixed corticosteroid, compound betamethasone, could enhance remission rate and decrease recurrence rate in patients with PTM was investigated in the present study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We have performed a clinical utility observation of compound betamethasone with intralesional injections based on basic thyroid disease treatment in 32 PTM patients between January 2008 and August 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Raffaele Nuzzi, Francesca Monteu
Nowadays there is no unique and well-established treatment for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, despite being the main acute pathology that affects the optic nerve in the elderly population and often resulting in a significant loss of visual acuity. The effectiveness of oral steroids is still under debate in the international literature, although many studies show that patients treated with high doses of systemic corticosteroids have a significantly higher chance of improved visual acuity and visual fields...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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