keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

high impact vertebral fractures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414464/larger-vertebral-endplate-concavities-cause-higher-failure-load-and-work-at-failure-under-high-rate-impact-loading-of-rabbit-spinal-explants
#1
S Dudli, W Enns-Bray, Y Pauchard, A Römmeler, A J Fields, S J Ferguson, B Helgason
Vertebral fractures are among the most common of all osteoporosis related fracture types and its risk assessment is largely based on bone quality measures. Morphometric parameters are not yet considered, although endplate thickness and concavity shape were found to be important in fracture prediction in low-rate tests. We hypothesized that, under high-rate impact loading, the shape and size of the central endplate concavity are of key importance for fracture prediction. Therefore, we tested rabbit spinal segment explants in vitro under high-rate impact loading...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406844/an-insight-into-the-effect-of-exercises-on-the-prevention-of-osteoporosis-and-associated-fractures-in-high-risk-individuals
#2
REVIEW
Helen Senderovich, Andrew Kosmopoulos
The purpose of this review was to investigate what type of exercises can potentially prevent osteoporosis (OP) and its associated fractures in high-risk populations. MEDLINE was searched for work relevant to various types of exercises used to prevent osteoporotic fractures in high-risk population, from the year 1995 onwards. Twelve articles were identified, and, from them, four were deemed suitable to the objective. The studies reviewed show that various types of exercise are effective and safe in preventing the onset of OP...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320988/prevalence-and-key-radiographic-spinal-malalignment-parameters-that-influence-the-risk-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-patients-treated-surgically-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#3
Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata, Kensuke Koyama, Hirotaka Haro
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a factor that has a significant negative impact on the quality of life (QoL). Vertebral fractures and/or spinal malalignment may influence the frequency of GERD. However, the epidemiology and pathology of GERD in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) are still largely unknown. To establish the optimal surgical strategy for GERD in patients treated surgically for ASD, we sought to clarify the GERD prevalence, determine radiographically which spinal malalignment parameters influence GERD risk, and evaluate GERD improvement postoperatively...
January 10, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304836/osteoporotic-fractures-and-obesity-affect-frailty-progression-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study
#4
Olga Gajic-Veljanoski, Alexandra Papaioannou, Courtney Kennedy, George Ioannidis, Claudie Berger, Andy Kin On Wong, Kenneth Rockwood, Susan Kirkland, Parminder Raina, Lehana Thabane, Jonathan D Adachi
BACKGROUND: Despite knowing better how to screen older adults, understanding how frailty progression might be modified is unclear. We explored effects of modifiable and non-modifiable factors on changes in frailty in community-dwelling adults aged 50+ years who participated in the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). METHODS: Rates of change in frailty over 10 years were examined using the 30-item CaMos Frailty Index (CFI). Incident and prevalent low-trauma fractures were categorized by fracture site into hip, clinical vertebral and non-hip-non-vertebral fractures...
January 5, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232355/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-inter-and-intraobserver-reliability-of-radiographic-measurements-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#5
Farbod Rastegar, Alec Contag, Alan Daniels, Jayme Hiratzka, Clifford Lin, Jason Chang, Khoi Than, Ahmed Raslan, Christopher Kong, Ngoc-Lam Nguyen, Richard Hostin, Marie Kane, Robert A Hart
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study of radiographic measures of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). OBJECTIVE: To assess impacts of level of proximal endpoint and vertebral fracture on reliability of measurement of junctional kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiographic assessment is important in determining management of patients with PJK or proximal junctional failure (PJF). No study to date has evaluated the reliability of radiographic measurement of the junctional kyphotic angle after surgery for ASD...
January 1, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224695/fragility-fractures-their-impact-on-older-people
#6
REVIEW
Lídia Sànchez-Riera, Nicholas Wilson
Osteoporotic fractures, in particular hip and vertebral, are a major health burden worldwide. The majority of these fractures occur in the elderly population, resulting in one of the most important causes of mortality and disability in older ages. Their cost for societies is enormous and is forecast to steadily increase over the coming decades globally. Low bone mineral density (BMD) remains a key preventable risk factor for fractures. Screening and treatment of individuals with high risk of fracture is cost-effective...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110646/high-impact-exercise-in-adulthood-and-vertebral-dimensions-in-midlife-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966-study
#7
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Tuija Tammelin, Juha Auvinen, Raija Korpelainen, Jaro Karppinen, Juho-Antti Junno
BACKGROUND: Vertebral size and especially cross-sectional area (CSA) are independently associated with vertebral fracture risk. Previous studies have suggested that physical activity and especially high-impact exercise may affect vertebral strength. We aimed to investigate the association between high-impact exercise at 31 and 46 years of age and vertebral dimensions in midlife. METHODS: We used a subsample of 1023 individuals from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 study with records of self-reported sports participation from 31 and 46 years and MRI-derived data on vertebral dimensions from 46 years...
November 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938147/development-of-an-experimental-model-of-burst-fracture-with-damage-characterization-of-the-vertebral-bodies-under-dynamic-conditions
#8
A Germaneau, T Vendeuvre, M Saget, P Doumalin, J C Dupré, F Brémand, F Hesser, C Brèque, P Maxy, M Roulaud, O Monlezun, P Rigoard
BACKGROUND: Burst fractures represent a significant proportion of fractures of the thoracolumbar junction. The recent advent of minimally invasive techniques has revolutionized the surgical treatment of this type of fracture. However mechanical behaviour and primary stability offered by these solutions have to be proved from experimental validation tests on cadaveric specimens. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop an original and reproducible model of burst fracture under dynamic impact...
September 13, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900675/bone-disease-in-connective-tissue%C3%A2-disease-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
REVIEW
Irene E M Bultink
This article reviews recent advances in the research of the mechanisms of bone loss, as well as clinical features, economic impact and therapeutic implications of osteoporosis and fractures in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as an illustration of bone disease in a complex systemic autoimmune connective tissue disease. Recent studies demonstrated an increased incidence of osteoporosis and peripheral and vertebral fractures in patients with SLE. The aetiology of bone loss in SLE is multifactorial, including clinical osteoporosis risk factors, systemic inflammation, serological factors, metabolic factors, hormonal factors, possibly genetic factors and medication-induced adverse effects...
September 12, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853606/impact-of-the-quantity-of-intradiscal-cement-leak-on-the-progression-of-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#10
B Jamjoom, S Patel, R Bommireddy, Z Klezl
Introduction We aim to assess the impact of the quantity of intradiscal cement leak during kyphoplasty on the rate of progression of degenerative changes in the affected disc. Methods Of 316 kyphoplasty procedures, we identified 32 episodes of intradiscal cement leak in 26 patients. The quantity of cement leaked was graded from I to IV. Disc degenerative changes were assessed at presentation and follow-up using radiographical scoring and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) grading systems. Data for low-grade leaks (grade I) were compared with the medium- and high-grade leaks (grades II-IV) using a chi-squared test...
September 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793342/risk-of-long-term-infection-related-death-in-clinical-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-a-hospital-based-analysis
#11
Ying-Chou Chen, Wei-Che Lin
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic vertebral fractures adversely impact quality of life and also increase the risk of infection and mortality. Alendronate treatment increases bone mass and reduces the risk of fractures in patients with osteoporosis by suppressing bone resorption. We investigated the relationship between alendronate treatment and infection-related death in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with osteoporosis and vertebral fractures from January 2001 to December 2007...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748385/effect-of-implementation-of-guidelines-on-assessment-and-diagnosis-of-vertebral-fractures-in-patients-older-than-50%C3%A2-years-with-a-recent-non-vertebral-fracture
#12
R Y van der Velde, S P G Bours, C E Wyers, W F Lems, P P M M Geusens, J P W van den Bergh
We evaluated the impact of a new Dutch guideline on systematic implementation of densitometric Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA) in patients with a recent non-vertebral fracture. Systematic implementation resulted in a significant increase of VFA, diagnosis of vertebral fractures (VFs), and percentage of patients eligible for treatment. INTRODUCTION: VFs are underdiagnosed although they are important predictors of fracture risk, independent of age and bone mineral density (BMD). The Dutch guideline on osteoporosis and fracture prevention recommends VFA in all patients aged >50 years with a recent non-VF...
July 26, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740372/pharmacological-treatment-of-osteoporosis-in-the-oldest-old
#13
REVIEW
A Vandenbroucke, F P Luyten, J Flamaing, E Gielen
The incidence of osteoporotic fractures increases with age. Consequently, the global prevalence of osteoporotic fractures will increase with the aging of the population. In old age, osteoporosis is associated with a substantial burden in terms of morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, osteoporosis in old age continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated. This may, at least partly, be explained by the fact that evidence of the antifracture efficacy of osteoporosis treatments comes mainly from randomized controlled trials in postmenopausal women with a mean age of 70-75 years...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736355/c2-bone-erosion-secondary-to-iatrogenic-pseudomeningocele-a-case-report-and-description-of-a-novel-surgical-technique
#14
Stephan N Salzmann, Lukas P Lampe, Brian Fernholz, Roger Härtl, Athos Patsalides, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND: Pseudomeningoceles are a rare cause of bone erosions. Development of such erosions in the C2 vertebral body and the odontoid process can lead to life-threatening instability. Treatment options to regain stability include atlantoaxial and occipitocervical fusion. For patients with a history of Chiari decompression and large C2 lesions, common fusion techniques are not always feasible. In addition, fusion surgery sacrifices physiologic motion and is therefore a disabling procedure, especially for young and active patients...
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731393/the-impact-of-decompression-with-instrumentation-on-local-failure-following-spine-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#15
Jacob A Miller, Ehsan H Balagamwala, Camille A Berriochoa, Lilyana Angelov, John H Suh, Edward C Benzel, Alireza M Mohammadi, Todd Emch, Anthony Magnelli, Andrew Godley, Peng Qi, Samuel T Chao
OBJECTIVE Spine stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a safe and effective treatment for spinal metastases. However, it is unknown whether this highly conformal radiation technique is suitable at instrumented sites given the potential for microscopic disease seeding. The authors hypothesized that spinal decompression with instrumentation is not associated with increased local failure (LF) following SRS. METHODS A 2:1 propensity-matched retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing SRS for spinal metastasis was conducted...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611110/the-liftmor-m-lifting-intervention-for-training-muscle-and-osteoporosis-rehabilitation-for-men-trial-protocol-for-a-semirandomised-controlled-trial-of-supervised-targeted-exercise-to-reduce-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-older-men-with-low-bone-mass
#16
Amy T Harding, Benjamin K Weeks, Steven L Watson, Belinda R Beck
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of the proposed study is to examine the efficacy of an 8-month supervised, high-intensity progressive resistance training and impact loading programme in comparison with a supervised machine-based isometric exercise training programme using the bioDensity system in older men with low bone mass. We will also determine the safety and acceptability of each exercise training mode. Intervention group responses will be compared with those of a self-selected, non-randomised control sample of sex-matched and age-matched men who will follow their usual lifestyle activities for 8 months...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591078/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-inter-and-intra-observer-reliability-of-radiographic-measurements-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#17
Farbod Rastegar, Alec Contag, Alan Daniels, Jayme Hiratzka, Clifford Lin, Jason Chang, Khoi Than, Ahmed Raslan, Christopher Kong, Ngoc-Lam Nguyen, Richard Hostin, Marie Kane, Robert Hart
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability study of radiographic measures of proximal junctional kyphosis in adult spinal deformity patients. OBJECTIVE: Assess impacts of level of proximal endpoint and vertebral fracture on reliability of measurement of junctional kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiographic assessment is important in determining management of patients with Proximal Junctional Kyphosis (PJK) or Proximal Junctional Failure (PJF). No study to date has evaluated the reliability of radiographic measurement of the junctional kyphotic angle after surgery for Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD)...
June 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138718/preceding-and-subsequent-high-and-low-trauma-fracture-patterns-a-13-year-epidemiological-study-in-females-and-males-in-austria
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
C Muschitz, R Kocijan, A Baierl, R Dormann, X Feichtinger, J Haschka, M Szivak, G K Muschitz, J Schanda, P Pietschmann, H Resch, H P Dimai
This study investigated the implication of a preceding high-trauma fracture on subsequent high- and low-trauma fractures at different skeletal sites in postmenopausal women and similarly aged men at an age range of 54 to 70 years. A preceding high-trauma fracture increases the risk of future low-trauma non-vertebral fractures including hip. INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of the skeletal fracture site in conjunction with the severity of a past fracture (high- or low-trauma preceding fracture) and its effect on future fracture risk...
May 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104509/morphometric-vertebral-fractures-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-adjuvant-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Rebecca Pedersini, Sara Monteverdi, Gherardo Mazziotti, Vito Amoroso, Elisa Roca, Filippo Maffezzoni, Lucia Vassalli, Filippo Rodella, Anna Maria Formenti, Stefano Frara, Roberto Maroldi, Alfredo Berruti, Edda Simoncini, Andrea Giustina
BACKGROUND: The impact of long-term adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) on vertebral fracture (VF) risk is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we explored the prevalence and determinants of VFs in breast cancer (BC) patients before and during AI therapy. Each woman underwent a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and identify VFs by a quantitative morphometric approach. Blood samples were collected to measure serum hormone and calcium levels...
January 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077497/bone-material-strength-index-as-measured-by-impact-microindentation-is-altered-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#20
F Malgo, N A T Hamdy, T J Rabelink, H M Kroon, K M J A Claessen, A M Pereira, N R Biermasz, N M Appelman-Dijkstra
OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by excess growth hormone (GH) production by the pituitary adenoma. The skeletal complications of GH and IGF-1 excess include increased bone turnover, increased cortical bone mass and deteriorated microarchitecture of trabecular bone, associated with a high risk of vertebral fractures in the presence of relatively normal bone mineral density (BMD). We aimed to evaluate tissue-level properties of bone using impact microindentation (IMI) in well-controlled patients with acromegaly aged ≥18 years compared to 44 controls from the outpatient clinic of the Centre for Bone Quality...
March 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
75282
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"