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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150658/differential-regulation-of-synaptic-ap-2-clathrin-vesicle-uncoating-in-synaptic-plasticity
#1
Ermes Candiello, Ratnakar Mishra, Bernhard Schmidt, Olaf Jahn, Peter Schu
AP-1/σ1B-deficiency causes X-linked intellectual disability. AP-1/σ1B -/- mice have impaired synaptic vesicle recycling, fewer synaptic vesicles and enhanced endosome maturation mediated by AP-1/σ1A. Despite defects in synaptic vesicle recycling synapses contain two times more endocytic AP-2 clathrin-coated vesicles. We demonstrate increased formation of two classes of AP-2/clathrin coated vesicles. One which uncoats readily and a second with a stabilised clathrin coat. Coat stabilisation is mediated by three molecular mechanisms: reduced recruitment of Hsc70 and synaptojanin1 and enhanced μ2/AP-2 phosphorylation and activation...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061650/rac3-regulates-breast-cancer-invasion-and-metastasis-by-controlling-adhesion-and-matrix-degradation
#2
Sara K Donnelly, Ramon Cabrera, Serena P H Mao, John R Christin, Bin Wu, Wenjun Guo, Jose Javier Bravo-Cordero, John S Condeelis, Jeffrey E Segall, Louis Hodgson
The initial step of metastasis is the local invasion of tumor cells into the surrounding tissue. Invadopodia are actin-based protrusions that mediate the matrix degradation necessary for invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. We demonstrate that Rac3 GTPase is critical for integrating the adhesion of invadopodia to the extracellular matrix (ECM) with their ability to degrade the ECM in breast tumor cells. We identify two pathways at invadopodia important for integrin activation and delivery of matrix metalloproteinases: through the upstream recruiter CIB1 as well as the downstream effector GIT1...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981399/the-arf-gap-and-protein-scaffold-cat1-git1-as-a-multifaceted-regulator-of-cancer-progression
#3
Sungsoo M Yoo, Richard A Cerione, Marc A Antonyak
Cool-associated tyrosine phosphorylated protein 1 (Cat1), also referred to as GPCR-kinase interacting protein 1 (Git1), is a ubiquitously expressed, multi-domain protein that is best known for regulating cell shape and migration. Cat1/Git1 functions as a GTPase activating protein (GAP) that inactivates certain members of the ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) family of small GTPases. It is also a scaffold that brings together several signaling proteins at specific locations within the cell, ensuring their efficient activation...
October 5, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948080/interaction-effects-of-git1-and-drd4-gene-variants-on-continuous-performance-test-variables-in-patients-with-adhd
#4
Hyojin Kim, Johanna Inhyang Kim, Haebin Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim
INTRODUCTION: The G protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein 1 gene (GIT1) has been proposed to be a risk gene for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and it regulates the endocytosis of G protein-coupled receptors like dopamine receptors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction effects of GIT1 and dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene variants on variables of the continuous performance test (CPT). METHODS: This study recruited 255 ADHD patients and 98 healthy controls (HC) who underwent CPT and genetic analyses...
September 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942352/myo18a-an-unusual-myosin
#5
REVIEW
Matthew D Buschman, Seth J Field
MYO18A is a divergent member of the myosin family characterized by the presence of an amino-terminal PDZ domain. MYO18A has been found in a few different complexes involved in intracellular transport processes. MYO18A is found in a complex with LURAP1 and MRCK that functions in retrograde treadmilling of actin. It also has been found in a complex with PAK2, βPIX, and GIT1, functioning to transport that protein complex from focal adhesions to the leading edge. Finally, a high proportion of MYO18A is found in complex with GOLPH3 at the trans Golgi, where it functions to promote vesicle budding for Golgi-to-plasma membrane trafficking...
September 18, 2017: Advances in Biological Regulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912643/decreased-glial-gaba-and-tonic-inhibition-in-cerebellum-of-mouse-model-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#6
Yoo Sung Kim, Junsung Woo, C Justin Lee, Bo-Eun Yoon
About 5~12% of school-aged children suffer from the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). However, the core mechanism of ADHD remains unclear. G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein-1 (GIT1) has recently been reported to be associated with ADHD in human and the genetic deletion of GIT1 result in ADHD-like behaviors in mice. Mice lacking GIT1 shows a shift in neuronal excitation/inhibition (E/I) balance. However, the pricise mechanism for E/I imbalance and the role of neuron-glia interaction in GIT1 knockout (KO) mice have not been studied...
August 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759023/mecp2-a-target-of-mir-638-facilitates-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-through-activation-of-the-mek1-2-erk1-2-signaling-pathway-by-upregulating-git1
#7
L Y Zhao, D D Tong, M Xue, H L Ma, S Y Liu, J Yang, Y X Liu, B Guo, L Ni, L Y Liu, Y N Qin, L M Wang, X G Zhao, C Huang
Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) is involved in the carcinogenesis and progression of multiple types of cancer. However, its precise role in gastric cancer (GC) and the relevant molecular mechanism remain unknown. In the present study, we found that miR-638 levels were lower in GC tissues and GC cell lines than in adjacent normal tissues and normal gastric epithelial cell lines, respectively. Low miR-638 levels were associated with poor tumor differentiation, tumor size and lymph node metastasis. MeCP2 expression levels were higher in GC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues...
July 31, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754105/git1-gene-deletion-delays-chondrocyte-differentiation-and-healing-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-through-suppressing-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-chondrocyte
#8
Peng Chen, Wan-Li Gu, Ming-Zhi Gong, Jun Wang, Dong-Qing Li
BACKGROUND: Although tibial plateau fracture is an uncommon injury, its regulation is challenging and there are some influencing factors, including the effects of severe bone displacement, depression and cancellous bone cartilage, and inevitable cartilage damage. And GIT1 plays an important role in bone mass and 78 osteoblast cell migration. METHODS: The study used 72 C57/BL6 mice. A tibial plateau fracture model was established by using mice with the same number of GIT1 gene deletions (the experimental group) and their wild-type littermates (the control group)...
July 28, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600779/the-landscape-of-genetic-diseases-in-saudi-arabia-based-on-the-first-1000-diagnostic-panels-and-exomes
#9
Dorota Monies, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Moeenaldeen AlSayed, Zuhair Alhassnan, Maha Alotaibi, Husam Kayyali, Mohammed Al-Owain, Ayaz Shah, Zuhair Rahbeeni, Mohammad A Al-Muhaizea, Hamad I Alzaidan, Edward Cupler, Saeed Bohlega, Eissa Faqeih, Maha Faden, Banan Alyounes, Dyala Jaroudi, Ewa Goljan, Hadeel Elbardisy, Asma Akilan, Renad Albar, Hesham Aldhalaan, Shamshad Gulab, Aziza Chedrawi, Bandar K Al Saud, Wesam Kurdi, Nawal Makhseed, Tahani Alqasim, Heba Y El Khashab, Hamoud Al-Mousa, Amal Alhashem, Imaduddin Kanaan, Talal Algoufi, Khalid Alsaleem, Talal A Basha, Fathiya Al-Murshedi, Sameena Khan, Adila Al-Kindy, Maha Alnemer, Sami Al-Hajjar, Suad Alyamani, Hasan Aldhekri, Ali Al-Mehaidib, Rand Arnaout, Omar Dabbagh, Mohammad Shagrani, Dieter Broering, Maha Tulbah, Amal Alqassmi, Maisoon Almugbel, Mohammed AlQuaiz, Abdulaziz Alsaman, Khalid Al-Thihli, Raashda A Sulaiman, Wajeeh Al-Dekhail, Abeer Alsaegh, Fahad A Bashiri, Alya Qari, Suzan Alhomadi, Hisham Alkuraya, Mohammed Alsebayel, Muddathir H Hamad, Laszlo Szonyi, Faisal Abaalkhail, Sulaiman M Al-Mayouf, Hamad Almojalli, Khalid S Alqadi, Hussien Elsiesy, Taghreed M Shuaib, Mohammed Zain Seidahmed, Ibraheem Abosoudah, Hana Akleh, Abdulaziz AlGhonaium, Turki M Alkharfy, Fuad Al Mutairi, Wafa Eyaid, Abdullah Alshanbary, Farrukh R Sheikh, Fahad I Alsohaibani, Abdullah Alsonbul, Saeed Al Tala, Soher Balkhy, Randa Bassiouni, Ahmed S Alenizi, Maged H Hussein, Saeed Hassan, Mohamed Khalil, Brahim Tabarki, Saad Alshahwan, Amira Oshi, Yasser Sabr, Saad Alsaadoun, Mustafa A Salih, Sarar Mohamed, Habiba Sultana, Abdullah Tamim, Moayad El-Haj, Saif Alshahrani, Dalal K Bubshait, Majid Alfadhel, Tariq Faquih, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Shazia Subhani, Zeeshan Shah, Nabil Moghrabi, Brian F Meyer, Fowzan S Alkuraya
In this study, we report the experience of the only reference clinical next-generation sequencing lab in Saudi Arabia with the first 1000 families who span a wide-range of suspected Mendelian phenotypes. A total of 1019 tests were performed in the period of March 2016-December 2016 comprising 972 solo (index only), 14 duo (parents or affected siblings only), and 33 trio (index and parents). Multigene panels accounted for 672 tests, while whole exome sequencing (WES) represented the remaining 347 tests. Pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants that explain the clinical indications were identified in 34% (27% in panels and 43% in exomes), spanning 279 genes and including 165 novel variants...
August 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362242/arf-gaps-a-family-of-proteins-with-disparate-functions-that-converge-on-a-common-structure-the-integrin-adhesion-complex
#10
Teresa Vitali, Sofia Girald-Berlingeri, Paul A Randazzo, Pei-Wen Chen
ADP-ribosylation factors (Arfs) are members of the Ras GTPase superfamily. The function of Arfs is dependent on GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) and guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), which allow Arfs to cycle between the GDP-bound and GTP-bound forms. Arf GAPs have been shown to be present in integrin adhesion complexes, which include focal adhesions. Integrin adhesion complexes are composed of integrins, scaffolding proteins and signaling proteins and regulate cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration...
March 31, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325781/20-hete-signals-through-g-protein-coupled-receptor-gpr75-gq-to-affect-vascular-function-and-trigger-hypertension
#11
Victor Garcia, Ankit Gilani, Brian Shkolnik, Varunkumar Pandey, Frank Fan Zhang, Rambabu Dakarapu, Shyam K Gandham, N Rami Reddy, Joan P Graves, Artiom Gruzdev, Darryl C Zeldin, Jorge H Capdevila, John R Falck, Michal Laniado Schwartzman
RATIONALE: 20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), one of the principle cytochrome P450 eicosanoids, is a potent vasoactive lipid whose vascular effects include stimulation of smooth muscle contractility, migration, and proliferation, as well as endothelial cell dysfunction and inflammation. Increased levels of 20-HETE in experimental animals and in humans are associated with hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction, and vascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To date, a receptor/binding site for 20-HETE has been implicated based on the use of specific agonists and antagonists...
May 26, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101188/mir-125a-3p-targetedly-regulates-git1-expression-to-inhibit-osteoblastic-proliferation-and-differentiation
#12
Xiao-Mei Tu, Yang-Lin Gu, Guo-Qin Ren
Osteoblasts are a prerequisite for osteogenesis and bone formation, and play a key role in metabolic balance, growth, development and wound repair. G protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein 1 (GIT1) and a series of miRNAs are known to have important effects in the growth and migration of osteoblasts, but little is known about micro RNAs (miRNAs) targeting GIT1. The present study found that miR-125a-3p has matching sites on GIT1. In the osteoblastic differentiation process of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HMSCs), the expression of miR-125a-3p was suppressed compared with that in non-differentiating (HMSCs) while the expression of GIT1 showed a gradual and significant increase...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087248/corrigendum-to-git1-betapix-signaling-proteins-and-pak1-kinase-regulate-microtubule-nucleation-biochim-biophys-acta-1863-6pa-2016-1282-1297
#13
Markéta Černohorská, Vadym Sulimenko, Zuzana Hájková, Tetyana Sulimenko, Vladimíra Sládková, Stanislav Vinopal, Eduarda Dráberová, Pavel Dráber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926858/g-protein-coupled-receptor-2-interacting-protein-1-controls-stalk-cell-fate-by-inhibiting-delta-like-4-notch1-signaling
#14
Syamantak Majumder, GuoFu Zhu, Xiangbin Xu, Sharon Senchanthisai, Dongyang Jiang, Hao Liu, Chao Xue, Xiaoqun Wang, Heidi Coia, Zhaoqiang Cui, Elaine M Smolock, Richard T Libby, Bradford C Berk, Jinjiang Pang
The spatiotemporal localization and expression of Dll4 are critical for sprouting angiogenesis. However, the related mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we show that G-protein-coupled receptor-kinase interacting protein-1 (GIT1) is a robust endogenous inhibitor of Dll4-Notch1 signaling that specifically controls stalk cell fate. GIT1 is highly expressed in stalk cells but not in tip cells. GIT1 deficiency remarkably enhances Dll4 expression and Notch1 signaling, resulting in impaired retinal sprouting angiogenesis, which can be rescued by treatment with the Notch inhibitor or Dll4 neutralizing antibody...
December 6, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922692/mir-195-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-migration-of-chondrocytes-by-targeting-git1
#15
Yang-Lin Gu, Xiao-Xu Rong, Li-Ting Wen, Guo-Xing Zhu, Ming-Quan Qian
Previous studies have demonstrated that G-protein coupled receptor kinase interacting protein-1 (GIT1) and microRNAs (miRNAs) serve an important role in chondrocyte proliferation and migration. However, a limited number of studies conducted thus far have investigated the association between GIT1 and miRNAs. In the present study, putative miR‑195 binding sites in the GIT1 3'‑untranslated region were identified using common bioinformatic algorithms (miRanda, TargetScan, miRBase and miRWalk), and it was demonstrated that they may be involved in regulating GIT1 expression...
January 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698902/microrna-34c-suppresses-breast-cancer-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-git1
#16
Wei-Yang Tao, Chun-Yang Wang, Yong-Hui Sun, Yong-Hui Su, Da Pang, Guo-Qiang Zhang
Abnormal expression of microRNAs plays important role in tumor metastasis. Migration and invasion of cancer cells accord for the metastasis and deterioration of breast cancer. However, the regulatory role of microRNAs in the invasion and migration of breast cancer cells has not completely understood yet. Here we found that microRNA-34c (miR-34c) was significantly downregulated in metastatic tissue of breast cancer. In vitro study showed that miR-34c negatively regulated GIT1 protein expression by binding to the 3'UTR of GIT1 mRNA...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457813/functional-analysis-of-rare-variants-found-in-schizophrenia-implicates-a-critical-role-for-git1-pak3-signaling-in-neuroplasticity
#17
M J Kim, J Biag, D M Fass, M C Lewis, Q Zhang, M Fleishman, S P Gangwar, M Machius, M Fromer, S M Purcell, S A McCarroll, G Rudenko, R T Premont, E M Scolnick, S J Haggarty
Although the pathogenesis of schizophrenia (SCZ) is proposed to involve alterations of neural circuits via synaptic dysfunction, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Recent exome sequencing studies of SCZ have uncovered numerous single-nucleotide variants (SNVs); however, the majority of these SNVs have unknown functional consequences, leaving their disease relevance uncertain. Filling this knowledge gap requires systematic application of quantitative and scalable assays to assess known and novel biological functions of genes...
March 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363808/indexing-effects-of-copy-number-variation-on-genes-involved-in-developmental-delay
#18
Mohammed Uddin, Giovanna Pellecchia, Bhooma Thiruvahindrapuram, Lia D'Abate, Daniele Merico, Ada Chan, Mehdi Zarrei, Kristiina Tammimies, Susan Walker, Matthew J Gazzellone, Thomas Nalpathamkalam, Ryan K C Yuen, Koenraad Devriendt, Géraldine Mathonnet, Emmanuelle Lemyre, Sonia Nizard, Mary Shago, Ann M Joseph-George, Abdul Noor, Melissa T Carter, Grace Yoon, Peter Kannu, Frédérique Tihy, Erik C Thorland, Christian R Marshall, Janet A Buchanan, Marsha Speevak, Dimitri J Stavropoulos, Stephen W Scherer
A challenge in clinical genomics is to predict whether copy number variation (CNV) affecting a gene or multiple genes will manifest as disease. Increasing recognition of gene dosage effects in neurodevelopmental disorders prompted us to develop a computational approach based on critical-exon (highly expressed in brain, highly conserved) examination for potential etiologic effects. Using a large CNV dataset, our updated analyses revealed significant (P < 1.64 × 10(-15)) enrichment of critical-exons within rare CNVs in cases compared to controls...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340174/proteomic-analysis-reveals-git1-as-a-novel-mtor-complex-component-critical-for-mediating-astrocyte-survival
#19
Laura J Smithson, David H Gutmann
As a critical regulator of cell growth, the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein operates as part of two molecularly and functionally distinct complexes. Herein, we demonstrate that mTOR complex molecular composition varies in different somatic tissues. In astrocytes and neural stem cells, we identified G-protein-coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein 1 (GIT1) as a novel mTOR-binding protein, creating a unique mTOR complex lacking Raptor and Rictor. Moreover, GIT1 binding to mTOR is regulated by AKT activation and is essential for mTOR-mediated astrocyte survival...
June 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247625/a-novel-de-novo-microdeletion-at-17q11-2-adjacent-to-nf1-gene-associated-with-developmental-delay-short-stature-microcephaly-and-dysmorphic-features
#20
Bobo Xie, Xin Fan, Yaqin Lei, Rongyu Chen, Jin Wang, Chunyun Fu, Shang Yi, Jingsi Luo, Shujie Zhang, Qi Yang, Shaoke Chen, Yiping Shen
BACKGROUND: Microdeletions at 17q11.2 often encompass NF1 gene, is the cause for NF1 microdeletion syndrome. Microdeletion at 17q11.2 without the involvement of NF1 gene is rarely reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we reported a patient carrying a novel de novo deletion at 17q11.2 adjacent to NF1 gene, who presented with developmental delay, short stature, postnatal microcephaly, underweight and dysmorphic features including flat facial profile, dolicocephaly, hypertelorism, short philtrum, flat nasal bridge and posteriorly rotated and low set ears...
2016: Molecular Cytogenetics
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