Read by QxMD icon Read


Jianxing Xiang, Su Yang, Ning Xin, Marta A Gaertig, Roger H Reeves, Shihua Li, Xiao-Jiang Li
Huntingtin-associated protein 1 (Hap1) is known to be critical for postnatal hypothalamic function and growth. Hap1 forms stigmoid bodies (SBs), unique neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions of unknown function that are enriched in hypothalamic neurons. Here we developed a simple strategy to isolate the SB-enriched fraction from mouse brain. By analyzing Hap1 immunoprecipitants from this fraction, we identified a Hap1-interacting SB component, DDB1 and CUL4 associated factor 7 (Dcaf7)/WD40 repeat 68 (WDR68), whose protein level and nuclear translocation are regulated by Hap1...
January 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Monika Sharma, Gregory M Redpath, Michael J Williams, Sally P McCormick
RATIONALE: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a low density lipoprotein (LDL)-like lipoprotein and important cardiovascular risk factor whose cognate receptor and intracellular fate remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to determine the intracellular trafficking pathway for Lp(a) and the receptor responsible for its uptake in liver cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human hepatoma (HepG2) cells were treated with Lp(a) purified from human plasma and Lp(a) uptake studied using western blot analysis and intracellular localisation of Lp(a) by confocal microscopy...
December 21, 2016: Circulation Research
Md Nabiul Islam, Yukio Takeshita, Akie Yanai, Amami Imagawa, Mir Rubayet Jahan, Greggory Wroblewski, Joe Nemoto, Ryutaro Fujinaga, Koh Shinoda
Huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) is a neuronal interactor with causatively polyglutamine (polyQ)-expanded huntingtin in Huntington's disease and also associated with pathologically polyQ-expanded androgen receptor (AR) in spinobulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), being considered as a protective factor against neurodegenerative apoptosis. In normal brains, it is abundantly expressed particularly in the limbic-hypothalamic regions that tend to be spared from neurodegeneration, whereas the areas with little HAP1 expression, including the striatum, thalamus, cerebral neocortex and cerebellum, are targets in several neurodegenerative diseases...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience
Linsheng Gui, Jieyun Hong, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Linsen Zan
Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase. It has crucial roles in regulating the respiratory chain, in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production, and in both the citric acid and urea cycles. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SIRT3 could be used as a candidate gene in the breeding of cattle. Expression analysis by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reactions (qPCR) indicated that expression levels of SIRT3 were highest in the kidney, rumen, liver, omasum and muscle...
December 12, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Amanda L Lumsden, Richard L Young, Nektaria Pezos, Damien J Keating
BACKGROUND: Huntingtin-associated Protein 1 (HAP1) is expressed in neurons and endocrine cells, and is critical for postnatal survival in mice. HAP1 shares a conserved "HAP1_N" domain with TRAfficking Kinesin proteins TRAK1 and TRAK2 (vertebrate), Milton (Drosophila) and T27A3.1 (C. elegans). HAP1, TRAK1 and TRAK2 have a degree of common function, particularly regarding intracellular receptor trafficking. However, TRAK1, TRAK2 and Milton (which have a "Milt/TRAK" domain that is absent in human and rodent HAP1) differ in function to HAP1 in that they are mitochondrial transport proteins, while HAP1 has emerging roles in starvation response...
October 13, 2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Jing-Ying Pan, Shijin Yuan, Tao Yu, Cong-Lin Su, Xiao-Long Liu, Jun He, He Li
Huntingtin-associated protein 1 (Hap1) was originally identified as a protein that binds to the Huntington disease protein, huntingtin. Growing evidence has shown that Hap1 participates in intracellular trafficking via its association with various microtubule-dependent transporters and organelles. Recent studies also revealed that Hap1 is involved in exocytosis such as insulin release from pancreatic β-cells. However, the mechanism underlying the action of Hap1 on insulin release remains to be investigated...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
John J Shin, Qurratulain Aftab, Pamela Austin, Jennifer A McQueen, Tak Poon, Shu Chen Li, Barry P Young, Calvin D Roskelley, Christopher J R Loewen
A hallmark of all primary and metastatic tumours is their high rate of glucose uptake and glycolysis. A consequence of the glycolytic phenotype is the accumulation of metabolic acid; hence, tumour cells experience considerable intracellular acid stress. To compensate, tumour cells upregulate acid pumps, which expel the metabolic acid into the surrounding tumour environment, resulting in alkalization of intracellular pH and acidification of the tumour microenvironment. Nevertheless, we have only a limited understanding of the consequences of altered intracellular pH on cell physiology, or of the genes and pathways that respond to metabolic acid stress...
September 1, 2016: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Ruikang Liu, Bernard Moss
UNLABELLED: Vaccinia virus (VACV) decapping enzymes and cellular exoribonuclease Xrn1 catalyze successive steps in mRNA degradation and prevent double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) accumulation, whereas the viral E3 protein can bind dsRNA. We showed that dsRNA and E3 colocalized within cytoplasmic viral factories in cells infected with a decapping enzyme mutant as well as with wild-type VACV and that they coprecipitated with antibody. An E3 deletion mutant induced protein kinase R (PKR) and eukaryotic translation initiation factor alpha (eIF2α) phosphorylation earlier and more strongly than a decapping enzyme mutant even though less dsRNA was made, leading to more profound effects on viral gene expression...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Fran Norflus, Jingnan Bu, Evon Guyton, Claire-Anne Gutekunst
The precise role of huntingtin-associated protein 1 (HAP1) is not known, but studies have shown that it is important for early development and survival. A Caenorhabditis elegans ortholog of HAP1, T27A3.1 (also called trak-1), has been found and is expressed in a subset of neurons. Potential behavioral functions of three knockout lines of T27A3.1 were examined. From its suspected role in mice we hypothesize that T27A3.1 might be involved in egg hatching and early growth, mechanosensation, chemosensation, sensitivity to osmolarity, and synaptic transmission...
September 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Kimberly D Mackenzie, Amanda L Lumsden, Feng Guo, Michael D Duffield, Timothy Chataway, Yoon Lim, Xin-Fu Zhou, Damien J Keating
Huntingtin-associated protein-1 (HAP1) is involved in intracellular trafficking, vesicle transport, and membrane receptor endocytosis. However, despite such diverse functions, the role of HAP1 in the synaptic vesicle (SV) cycle in nerve terminals remains unclear. Here, we report that HAP1 functions in SV exocytosis, controls total SV turnover and the speed of vesicle fusion in nerve terminals and regulates glutamate release in cortical brain slices. We found that HAP1 interacts with synapsin I, an abundant neuronal phosphoprotein that associates with SVs during neurotransmitter release and regulates synaptic plasticity and neuronal development...
September 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Kurt R Weiss, J Troy Littleton
Polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion within Huntingtin (Htt) causes the fatal neurodegenerative disorder Huntington's Disease (HD). Although Htt is ubiquitously expressed and conserved from Drosophila to humans, its normal biological function is still being elucidated. Here we characterize a role for the Drosophila Htt homolog (dHtt) in fast axonal transport (FAT). Generation and expression of transgenic dHtt-mRFP and human Htt-mRFP fusion proteins in Drosophila revealed co-localization with mitochondria and synaptic vesicles undergoing FAT...
September 2016: Journal of Neurogenetics
Patricks Voua Otomo, Laetitia Voua Otomo, Carlos C Bezuidenhout, Mark S Maboeta
To test whether metal-tolerant and metal-sensitive earthworm specimens could be an inherent part of metal-free earthworm populations, (i) we used DNA barcoding to identify and categorize earthworms from 8 populations of the standard test species Eisenia andrei, and (ii) the earthworms carrying three of the identified COI haplotypes (named Hap1, hap3 and Hap3) were paired up and exposed to Cd in order to assess the difference in Cd sensitivity between the breeding pairs. A total of six breeding pairs were exposed to 0, 25, 50 and 100 mg Cd/kg for 4 weeks at 20 °C...
August 2016: Ecotoxicology
Linhu Zou, Baozhong Liu
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is an important proinflammatory cytokine that mediates both innate and adaptive immune responses. In this study, a homolog of MIF was identified in the clam Meretrix meretrix. Ten SNPs in the DNA partial sequence of MmMIF were found to be significantly associated with Vibrio resistance (P < 0.05). Distinct expression patterns of MmMIF among different haplotypes were observed after Vibrio challenge. The results showed that haplotypes did not affect MmMIF expression in the negative control group, while the expression of MmMIF in clams with Hap1 and Hap1/Hap2 was significantly lower than that with Hap2 at 24 h in the PBS-injected group but significantly higher than that with Hap2 in the Vibrio-injected group...
September 2016: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Shreya Ghosh, Victoria Wu, Sebastian Pernal, Vuk Uskoković
Osteomyelitis, an infectious disease predominantly tied to poor sanitary conditions in underdeveloped regions of the world, is in need of inexpensive, easily in situ synthesizable and administrable materials for its treatment. The results of this study stem from the attempt to create one such affordable and minimally invasive therapeutic platform in the form of a self-setting, injectable cement with a tunable drug release profile, composed of only nanoparticulate hydroxyapatite, the synthetic version of the bone mineral...
March 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kevin Cilano, Zachary Mazanek, Mahmuda Khan, Sarah Metcalfe, Xiao-Ning Zhang
The exon-exon junction complex (EJC) is a conserved eukaryotic multiprotein complex that examines the quality of and determines the availability of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) posttranscriptionally. Four proteins, MAGO, Y14, eIF4AIII and BTZ, function as core components of the EJC. The mechanisms of their interactions and the biological indications of these interactions are still poorly understood in plants. A new mutation, hap1-2. leads to premature pollen death and a reduced seed production in Arabidopsis. This mutation introduces a viable truncated transcript AtMagoΔC...
2016: PloS One
Cyrielle Caussy, Sybil Charrière, Aline Meirhaeghe, Jean Dallongeville, Etienne Lefai, Sophie Rome, Charlotte Cuerq, Vanessa Euthine, Mireille Delay, Oriane Marmontel, Mathilde Di Filippo, Michel Lagarde, Philippe Moulin, Christophe Marçais
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in triglyceride (TG) metabolism. LPL gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with TG concentrations however the functionality of many of these SNPs remains poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miR) exert post-transcriptional down-regulation and their target sequence on the 3'UTR may be altered by SNPs. We therefore investigated whether LPL 3'UTR SNPs could modulate plasma TG concentration through the alteration of miR binding-sites...
March 2016: Atherosclerosis
Xiaoyan Zhang, Xianfeng Wu, Wenchao Jia, Chuanying Pan, Xiangcheng Li, Chuzhao Lei, Hong Chen, Xianyong Lan
The AT motif-binding factor (ATBF1) not only interacts with protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (PIAS3) to suppress STAT3 signaling regulating embryo early development and cell differentiation, but is required for early activation of the pituitary specific transcription factor 1 (Pit1) gene (also known as POU1F1) critically affecting mammalian growth and development. The goal of this study was to detect novel nucleotide variations and haplotypes structure of the ATBF1 gene, as well as to test their associations with growth-related traits in goats...
October 2015: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Zhong-Wei Zhang, Gong-Chang Zhang, Feng Zhu, Da-Wei Zhang, Shu Yuan
This review provides new insights that tetrapyrrole signals play important roles in nuclear gene expression, chloroplast development and plant's resistance to environmental stresses. Higher plants contain many tetrapyrroles, including chlorophyll (Chl), heme, siroheme, phytochromobilin and some of their precursors, all of which have important biological functions. Genetic and physiological studies indicated that tetrapyrrole (mainly Mg-protoporphyrin IX) retrograde signals control photosynthesis-associated nuclear gene (PhANG) expression...
December 2015: Planta
Fei Wu, Debra D W Lin, Jin Ho Chang, Claudia Fischbach, Lara A Estroff, Delphine Gourdon
Hydroxyapatite (HAP, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) nanoparticles with controlled materials properties have been synthesized through a two-step hydrothermal aging method to investigate fibronectin (Fn) adsorption. Two distinct populations of HAP nanoparticles have been generated: HAP1 particles had smaller size, plate-like shape, lower crystallinity, and more negative ζ potential than HAP2 particles. We then developed two-dimensional platforms containing HAP and Fn and analyzed both the amount and the conformation of Fn via Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) at various HAP concentrations...
May 6, 2015: Crystal Growth & Design
Ya-Ran Zhang, Lin-Sheng Gui, Yao-Kun Li, Bi-Jie Jiang, Hong-Cheng Wang, Ying-Ying Zhang, Lin-Sen Zan
Smoothened (Smo)-mediated Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway governs the patterning, morphogenesis and growth of many different regions within animal body plans. This study evaluated the effects of genetic variations of the bovine SMO gene on economically important body size traits in Chinese Qinchuan cattle. Altogether, eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: 1-8) were identified and genotyped via direct sequencing covering most of the coding region and 3'UTR of the bovine SMO gene. Both the p.698Ser.>Ser...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"