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Isuru R Kumarasinghe, Patrick M Woster
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a chromatin-remodeling enzyme that plays an important role in cancer. Over-expression of LSD1 decreases methylation at histone 3 lysine 4, and aberrantly silences tumor suppressor genes. Inhibitors of LSD1 have been designed as chemical probes and potential antitumor agents. We recently reported the cyclic peptide 9, which potently and reversibly inhibits LSD1 (IC50 2.1 μM; Ki 385 nM). Systematic alanine mutagenesis of 9 revealed residues that are critical for LSD1 inhibition, and these mutated peptides were evaluated as LSD1 inhibitors...
March 25, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Mariana Bertini Teixeira, Ana Carolina M Figueira, Ariane S Furlan, Bruno Aquino, Marcos R Alborghetti, Adriana F Paes Leme, Li-Na Wei, Jörg Kobarg
Fasciculation and elongation zeta-1 (FEZ1) protein is involved in axon outgrowth and is highly expressed in the brain. It has multiple interaction partners, with functions varying from the regulation of neuronal development and intracellular transport mechanisms to transcription regulation. One of its interactors is retinoic acid receptor (RAR), which is activated by retinoic acid and controls many target genes and physiological process. Based on previous evidence suggesting a possible nuclear role for FEZ1, we wanted to deepen our understanding of this function by addressing the FEZ1-RAR interaction...
January 2018: FEBS Open Bio
Sonia Berrih-Aknin, Rozen Le Panse, Nadine Dragin
Women are more susceptible to autoimmune diseases than men. Autoimmunity results from tolerance breakdown toward self-components. Recently, three transcription modulators were identified in medullary thymic epithelial cells that orchestrate immune central tolerance processes: the autoimmune regulator (AIRE), FEZ family zinc finger 2 (FEZF2 or FEZ1), and PR domain zinc finger protein 1 (PRDM1). Interestingly, these three transcription modulators regulate nonredundant tissue-specific antigen subsets and thus cover broad antigen diversity...
January 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Xianjun Chen, Li Ku, Ruyi Mei, Guanglu Liu, Chongchong Xu, Zhexing Wen, Xiaofeng Zhao, Fei Wang, Lan Xiao, Yue Feng
Neuropsychiatric disorders, represented by schizophrenia, affect not only neurons but also myelinating oligodendroglia (OL), both contribute to the complex etiology. Although numerous susceptibility genes for schizophrenia have been identified, their function has been primarily studied in neurons. Whether malfunction of risk genes underlies OL defects in schizophrenia pathogenesis remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the function and regulation of the well-recognized schizophrenia risk factor, Fasciculation and Elongation Protein Zeta-1 (FEZ1), in OL...
December 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
Sudheesh A P, Rakesh S Laishram
Star-PAP, a nuclear phosphatidylinositol (PI) signal-regulated poly(A) polymerase (PAP), couples with type I PI phosphate kinase α (PIPKIα) and controls gene expression. We show that Star-PAP and PIPKIα together regulate 3'-end processing and expression of pre-mRNAs encoding key anti-invasive factors ( KISS1R , CDH1 , NME1 , CDH13 , FEZ1 , and WIF1 ) in breast cancer. Consistently, the endogenous Star-PAP level is negatively correlated with the cellular invasiveness of breast cancer cells. While silencing Star-PAP or PIPKIα increases cellular invasiveness in low-invasiveness MCF7 cells, Star-PAP overexpression decreases invasiveness in highly invasive MDA-MB-231 cells in a cellular Star-PAP level-dependent manner...
March 1, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Viacheslav Malikov, Mojgan H Naghavi
Although microtubule motors mediate intracellular virus transport, the underlying interactions and control mechanisms remain poorly defined. This is particularly true for HIV-1 cores, which undergo complex, interconnected processes of cytosolic transport, reverse transcription, and uncoating of the capsid shell. Although kinesins have been implicated in regulating these events, curiously, there are no direct kinesin-core interactions. We recently showed that the capsid-associated kinesin-1 adaptor protein, fasciculation and elongation protein zeta-1 (FEZ1), regulates HIV-1 trafficking...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
Dale T Bryant, Christian Landles, Aikaterini S Papadopoulou, Agnesska C Benjamin, Joshua K Duckworth, Thomas Rosahl, Caroline L Benn, Gillian P Bates
Histone Deacetylase 11 (HDAC11) is highly expressed in the central nervous system where it has been reported to have roles in neural differentiation. In contrast with previous studies showing nuclear and cytoplasmic localisation, we observed synaptic enrichment of HDAC11. Knockout mouse models for HDACs 1-9 have been important for guiding the development of isoform specific HDAC inhibitors as effective therapeutics. Given the close relationship between HDAC11 and neural cells in vitro, we examined neural tissue in a previously uncharacterised Hdac11 knockout mouse (Hdac11 (KO/KO))...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jinsong Tang, Yu Fan, Hong Li, Qun Xiang, Deng-Feng Zhang, Zongchang Li, Ying He, Yanhui Liao, Ya Wang, Fan He, Fengyu Zhang, Yin Yao Shugart, Chunyu Liu, Yanqing Tang, Raymond C K Chan, Chuan-Yue Wang, Yong-Gang Yao, Xiaogang Chen
Schizophrenia is a common disorder with a high heritability, but its genetic architecture is still elusive. We implemented whole-genome sequencing (WGS) analysis of 8 families with monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs discordant for schizophrenia to assess potential association of de novo mutations (DNMs) or inherited variants with susceptibility to schizophrenia. Eight non-synonymous DNMs (including one splicing site) were identified and shared by twins, which were either located in previously reported schizophrenia risk genes (p...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
Jun Ren, Tian Zhao, Yiliang Xu, Haihong Ye
Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1), a gene susceptible for major mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, plays multiple roles in neural development, including neuronal proliferation, maturation, migration and neurite outgrowth. DISC1 regulates neurite length via interaction with several intracellular proteins, such as NDEL1, FEZ1 and dysbindin. However, the signal transduction mechanism upstream of DISC1 in regulating neurite outgrowth remains to be elucidated. Here we show that DISC1 interacts with the intracellular domain of close homolog of L1 (CHL1), a member of the L1 family of neural cell adhesion molecules...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
Eugenia Butkevich, Wolfgang Härtig, Miroslav Nikolov, Christian Erck, Jens Grosche, Henning Urlaub, Christoph F Schmidt, Dieter R Klopfenstein, John Jia En Chua
Adapters bind motor proteins to cargoes and therefore play essential roles in Kinesin-1 mediated intracellular transport. The regulatory mechanisms governing adapter functions and the spectrum of cargoes recognized by individual adapters remain poorly defined. Here, we show that cargoes transported by the Kinesin-1 adapter FEZ1 are enriched for presynaptic components and identify that specific phosphorylation of FEZ1 at its serine 58 regulatory site is mediated by microtubule affinity-regulating kinases (MARK/PAR-1)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mandy Johnstone, Alan Maclean, Lien Heyrman, An-Sofie Lenaerts, Annelie Nordin, Lars-Göran Nilsson, Peter De Rijk, Dirk Goossens, Rolf Adolfsson, David M St Clair, Jeremy Hall, Stephen M Lawrie, Andrew M McIntosh, Jurgen Del-Favero, Douglas H R Blackwood, Benjamin S Pickard
Robust statistical, genetic and functional evidence supports a role for DISC1 in the aetiology of major mental illness. Furthermore, many of its protein-binding partners show evidence for involvement in the pathophysiology of a range of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders. Copy number variants (CNVs) are suspected to play an important causal role in these disorders. In this study, CNV analysis of DISC1 and its binding partners PAFAH1B1, NDE1, NDEL1, FEZ1, MAP1A, CIT and PDE4B in Scottish and Northern Swedish population-based samples was carried out using multiplex amplicon quantification...
October 2015: Molecular Neuropsychiatry
T I Vachev, V K Stoyanova, H Y Ivanov, I N Minkov, N T Popov
Schizophrenia (SZ) is a chronic neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by affective, neuromorphological and cognitive impairment, deteriorated social functioning and psychosis with underlying molecular abnormalities, including gene expression changes. Observations have suggested that fasciculation and elongation protein ζ-1 (FEZ1) may be implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Nevertheless, our current knowledge of the expression of FEZ1 in peripheral blood of schizophrenia patients remains unclear...
June 2015: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
A Sami Saribas, Pascale Coric, Anahit Hamazaspyan, William Davis, Rachael Axman, Martyn K White, Magid Abou-Gharbia, Wayne Childers, Jon H Condra, Serge Bouaziz, Mahmut Safak
Agnoprotein is an important regulatory protein of polyomaviruses, including JCV, BKV, and SV40. In the absence of its expression, these viruses are unable to sustain their productive life cycle. It is a highly basic phosphoprotein that localizes mostly to the perinuclear area of infected cells, although a small amount of the protein is also found in nucleus. Much has been learned about the structure and function of this important regulatory protein in recent years. It forms highly stable dimers/oligomers in vitro and in vivo through its Leu/Ile/Phe-rich domain...
October 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Rajesh Mandarapu, Balakrishna Murthy Prakhya
The complex immune system displays a coordinated transcriptional response to xenobiotic exposure by altering expression of designated transcription factors that, in turn, trigger immune responses. Despite the identification of several transcription factors that contribute to regulatory response, very little is known about the specific role of factors that are triggered due to exposure to obnoxious pesticides. Here, for the first time, alterations in human peripheral blood lymphocyte expression of transcriptional factors - thrombospondin-1 (THBS-1), secretory phospho-protein-1 (SPP-1), glycoprotein non-metastatic-β (GPNMB) and fasciculation and elongation factor ζ-1 (FEZ-1), due to in vitro exposure to the crop protection chemicals cypermethrin and mancozeb are reported...
July 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Taira Mayanagi, Hiroki Yasuda, Kenji Sobue
UNLABELLED: Dysregulation of synapse formation and plasticity is closely related to the pathophysiology of psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is particularly important for executive functions such as working memory, cognition, and emotional control, which are impaired in the disorders. PSD-Zip70 (Lzts1/FEZ1) is a postsynaptic density (PSD) protein predominantly expressed in the frontal cortex, olfactory bulb, striatum, and hippocampus. Here we found that PSD-Zip70 knock-out (PSD-Zip70KO) mice exhibit working memory and cognitive defects, and enhanced anxiety-like behaviors...
October 21, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Viacheslav Malikov, Eveline Santos da Silva, Vladimir Jovasevic, Geoffrey Bennett, Daniel A de Souza Aranha Vieira, Bianca Schulte, Felipe Diaz-Griffero, Derek Walsh, Mojgan H Naghavi
Intracellular transport of cargos, including many viruses, involves directed movement on microtubules mediated by motor proteins. Although a number of viruses bind motors of opposing directionality, how they associate with and control these motors to accomplish directed movement remains poorly understood. Here we show that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) associates with the kinesin-1 adaptor protein, Fasiculation and Elongation Factor zeta 1 (FEZ1). RNAi-mediated FEZ1 depletion blocks early infection, with virus particles exhibiting bi-directional motility but no net movement to the nucleus...
March 30, 2015: Nature Communications
D O Omel'chenko, A A Rzhaninova, D V Gol'dshteĭn
Potential markers and the mechanism of the spontaneous transformation of multipotent stromal cells (MSC) with perivascular immunophenotype have been determined. A transcriptome comparative study was performed involving six paired specimens of normal and spontaneously transformed MSC with perivascular immunophenotype, obtained in the first passages following the isolation of adipose tissue of six healthy donors. According to the results obtained using the microarray Illumina HT-12 v4 with the Significance Analysis of Microarrays software, differentially expressed transcripts were revealed and a statistical analysis using Gene Ontology and Molecular Signatures Databases was conducted...
January 2014: Genetika
Wei Zhou, Mei-Rong He, Hong-Li Jiao, Liu-Qing He, Dan-Ling Deng, Juan-Juan Cai, Zhi-Yuan Xiao, Ya-Ping Ye, Yan-Qing Ding, Wen-Ting Liao, Si-De Liu
The Leucine zipper tumor suppressor gene 1 (LZTS1/FEZ1) gene was originally identified as a potential tumor suppressor. However, the expression pattern and the role of LZTS1 in the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) have not been well characterized. Herein, we reported that LZTS1 was markedly reduced in CRC tissues compared with matched adjacent normal intestine epithelial tissues. In analysis of 160 CRC specimens, we revealed that decreased expression of LZTS1 was correlated to aggressive characteristics and poor survival of patients with CRC...
April 28, 2015: Cancer Letters
Masaya Tohyama, Shingo Miyata, Tsuyoshi Hattori, Shoko Shimizu, Shinsuke Matsuzaki
Recently several potential susceptibility genes for major psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia and major depression) such as disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1(DISC1), dysbindin and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) have been reported. DISC1 is involved in neural development directly via adhesion molecules or via its binding partners of DISC1 such as elongation protein ζ-1 (FEZ1), DISC1-binding zinc-finger protein (DBZ) and kendrin. PACAP also regulates neural development via stathmin 1 or via regulation of the DISC1-DBZ binding...
June 2015: Anatomical Science International
Natalie Spang, Anne Feldmann, Heike Huesmann, Fazilet Bekbulat, Verena Schmitt, Christof Hiebel, Ingrid Koziollek-Drechsler, Albrecht M Clement, Bernd Moosmann, Jennifer Jung, Christian Behrends, Ivan Dikic, Andreas Kern, Christian Behl
Macroautophagy is a degradative pathway that sequesters and transports cytosolic cargo in autophagosomes to lysosomes, and its deterioration affects intracellular proteostasis. Membrane dynamics accompanying autophagy are mostly elusive and depend on trafficking processes. RAB GTPase activating proteins (RABGAPs) are important factors for the coordination of cellular vesicle transport systems, and several TBC (TRE2-BUB2-CDC16) domain-containing RABGAPs are associated with autophagy. Employing C. elegans and human primary fibroblasts, we show that RAB3GAP1 and RAB3GAP2, which are components of the TBC domain-free RAB3GAP complex, influence protein aggregation and affect autophagy at basal and rapamycin-induced conditions...
2014: Autophagy
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