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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732033/spatial-and-simultaneous-representative-seroprevalence-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-owners-and-their-domiciled-dogs-in-a-major-city-of-southern-brazil
#1
Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Felippe Danyel Cardoso Martins, Marcelle Mareze, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues Santos, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Camila Marinelli Martins, João Luis Garcia, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Roberta Lemos Freire, Alexander Welker Biondo, Italmar Teodorico Navarro
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729234/mobile-phone-supported-physiotherapy-for-frozen-shoulder-feasibility-assessment-based-on-a-usability-study
#2
Thomas Stütz, Gerlinde Emsenhuber, Daniela Huber, Michael Domhardt, Martin Tiefengrabner, Gertie Janneke Oostingh, Ulrike Fötschl, Nicholas Matis, Simon Ginzinger
BACKGROUND: Patients with frozen shoulder show limited shoulder mobility often accompanied by pain. Common treatment methods include physiotherapy, pain medication, administration of corticosteroids, and surgical capsulotomy. Frozen shoulder often lasts from months to years and mostly affects persons in the age group of 40 to 70 years. It severely reduces the quality of life and the ability to work. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a mobile health (mHealth) intervention that supports patients affected by "stage two" frozen shoulder...
July 20, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723833/concordance-of-motion-sensor-and-clinician-rated-fall-risk-scores-in-older-adults
#3
Julie Elledge
As the older adult population in the United States continues to grow, developing reliable, valid, and practical methods for identifying fall risk is a high priority. Falls are prevalent in older adults and contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality rates and rising health costs. Identifying at-risk older adults and intervening in a timely manner can reduce falls. Conventional fall risk assessment tools require a health professional trained in the use of each tool for administration and interpretation...
July 18, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723815/effect-of-energy-drink-consumption-on-power-and-velocity-of-selected-sport-performance-activities
#4
Bert H Jacobson, Garrett M Hester, Ty B Palmer, Kathryn Williams, Zachary K Pope, John H Sellers, Eric C Conchola, Conrad Woolsey, Carlos Estrada
Energy drinks comprise a multibillion dollar market focused on younger, active and competitive individuals. Marketing includes claims of improved alertness and performance. The purpose of this study was to assess power (W) and velocity (m·s) of a simulated, isolated forehand stroke (FHS) and a counter movement vertical jump (CVJ) before and after ingestion of a commercially available energy shot (ES) or a placebo (PL). Healthy college-aged male and female (N=36) volunteers were randomly placed in the ES or PL...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722784/the-universal-collaborative-dynamic-model-of-specialist-and-advanced-nursing-and-midwifery-practice-a-way-forward
#5
Laserina O'Connor, Mary Casey, Rita Smith, Gerard Michael Fealy, Denise O' Brien, Denise O'Leary, Diarmuid Stokes, Martin S McNamara, Mary Ellen Glasgow, Andrew Cashin
BACKGROUND: There is a sizable body of empirical literature supporting the unique contributions of specialist and advanced practice roles to health care. However, there is very little international evidence to inform the integration of a future model for advanced or specialist practice in the Irish health care system. AIM: The aim of this study was to inform and guide the development of a future model of specialist and advanced nursing and midwifery practice. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to initiate this important area of inquiry...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722554/improving-maternal-and-child-health-policymaking-processes-in-nigeria-an-assessment-of-policymakers-needs-barriers-and-facilitators-of-evidence-informed-policymaking
#6
Chigozie J Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria, interest in the evidence-to-policy process is gaining momentum among policymakers involved in maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). However, numerous gaps exist among policymakers on use of research evidence in policymaking. The objective of this study was to assess the perception of MNCH policymakers regarding their needs and the barriers and facilitators to use of research evidence in policymaking in Nigeria. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional assessment of perceptions undertaken during a national MNCH stakeholders' engagement event convened in Abuja, Nigeria...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722302/a-novel-neurological-function-of-rice-bran-a-standardized-rice-bran-supplement-promotes-non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-in-mice-through-histamine-h1-receptors
#7
Min Young Um, Sojin Kim, Young-Ho Jin, Minseok Yoon, Hyejin Yang, Jaekwang Lee, Jonghoon Jung, Yoshihiro Urade, Zhi-Li Huang, Sangoh Kwon, Suengmok Cho
SCOPE: Although rice bran has been shown to be associated with a wide spectrum of health benefits, to date, there are no reports on its effects on sleep. We investigated the effect of rice bran on sleep and the mechanism underlying this effect. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electroencephalography was used to evaluate the effects of standardized rice bran supplement (RBS) and doxepin hydrochloride (DH), a histamine H1 receptor (H1 R) antagonist used as a positive control, on sleep in mice...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#8
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719766/energy-expenditure-of-standing-compared-to-sitting-while-conducting-office-tasks
#9
Jill Burns, Cuisle Forde, Sara Dockrell
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the energy expenditure of common office-based tasks. The objectives were to: (a) test the classification of tasks as sedentary or light-intensity physical activity and (b) compare the energy expenditure of tasks under two postural conditions (sitting and standing). Background The sedentary nature of office work has been highlighted as a health risk, and strategies to reduce sedentary behavior at work have been developed. However, there is limited evidence to guide the utilization of sit-stand workstations in the workplace for metabolic health benefits...
July 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716108/esoteric-connective-tissue-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-functionality-and-general-well-being-compared-with-physiotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Christoph Schnelle, Steffen Messerschmidt, Eunice J Minford, Kate Greenaway-Twist, Maxine Szramka, Marianna Masiorski, Michelle Sheldrake, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes more global disability than any other condition. Once the acute pain becomes chronic, about two-thirds of sufferers will not fully recover after 1-2 years. There is a paucity of effective treatments for non-specific, chronic low back pain. It has been noted that low back pain is associated with changes in the connective tissue in the affected area, and a very low-impact treatment, Esoteric Connective Tissue Therapy (ECTT), has been developed to restore flexibility in connective tissue...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714725/intervention-effects-on-stage-transitions-for-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use-acquisition
#11
Leslie A Brick, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Wayne F Velicer
The health impacts of smoking and alcohol abuse have been long established with smoking representing one of the most preventable causes of disease and alcohol use the most popular psychoactive substance among adolescents. The current study evaluated stage of change progression in a large (N = 4,158) school-based, computer-delivered, transtheoretical model (TTM)-tailored multiple behavior intervention focused on preventing acquisition of smoking and alcohol use in adolescents. Assessments began in sixth grade and continued yearly until eighth grade, with a follow-up in ninth grade...
July 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714343/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-combined-self-management-and-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-the-ple-2-no-program
#12
Priscila Marconcin, Margarida Espanha, Júlia Teles, Paulo Bento, Pedro Campos, Rui André, Flávia Yázigi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week self-management and exercise intervention (the PLE(2)NO program) in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four different community settings. SUBJECTS: Eighty individuals aged 60 years or older with clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis enrolled in the study. INTERVENTION: A combined self-management and exercise intervention (treatment group) and an educational intervention (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714297/inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-and-minimal-detectable-difference-of-movement-disorder-childhood-rating-scale
#13
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Ilaria Olivieri, Manuela Casarano, Roberta DI Pietro, Valentina Menici, Chiara Velli, Francesca Sini, Simona Lucibello, Domenico M Romeo, Giovanni Cioni, Roberta Battini
BACKGROUND: Movement Disorder-Childhood Rating Scales (MD-CRS) have been designed in two forms (0-3 and 4-18 years) to accurately evaluate various movement disorders in children. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the MD-CRS reliability when used by clinicians and professionals of rehabilitation after a one-day training on scoring it. DESIGN: This is a measurement-focused study of video-recorded sessions. SETTING: Video session carried out inpatient and outpatient...
July 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714137/austerity-new-public-management-and-missed-nursing-care-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#14
Eileen Willis, Jenny Carryer, Clare Harvey, Maria Pearson, Julie Henderson
AIMS: To outline the way in which the culture of austerity arising from the Global Financial Crisis has been used by Australian and New Zealand governments to maintain and extend health care budget cuts, through new public management strategies leading to missed nursing care. BACKGROUND: Ten years on the cost of the Global Financial Crisis continues to be borne by tax payers and those employed by the welfare state, yet analysis shows clearly that it was caused by a failure to adequately regulate markets, particularly the banks and multinational corporations...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714112/wearables-in-epilepsy-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-focus-group-study
#15
A Ozanne, D Johansson, U Hällgren Graneheim, K Malmgren, F Bergquist, M Alt Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Wearable sensors that measure movement and physiological variables are attractive for clinical evaluation of neurological diseases such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore perceptions regarding the use of wearable technology in disease monitoring and management as reported by individuals with epilepsy and Parkinson's disease as well as health professionals working with these patient groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patient groups (n=25) and two groups with health professionals (n=15) participated in this qualitative, descriptive study with focus group interviews...
July 16, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713575/wildlife-hosts-for-oie-listed-diseases-considerations-regarding-global-wildlife-trade-and-host-pathogen-relationships
#16
Kristine M Smith, Catherine M Machalaba, Hilary Jones, Paula Cáceres, Marija Popovic, Kevin J Olival, Karim Ben Jebara, William B Karesh
The expanding international wildlife trade, combined with a lack of surveillance for key animal diseases in most countries, represents a potential pathway for transboundary disease movement. While the international wildlife trade represents over US $300 billion per year industry involving exchange of billions of individual animals, animal products, and plants as traditional medicines, meat from wild animals, trophies, live exotic pets, commercial products and food, surveillance and reporting of OIE-Listed diseases in wildlife are often opportunistic...
May 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710829/spatiotemporal-evolutionary-epidemiology-of-h5n1-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-in-west-africa-and-nigeria-2006-2015
#17
P S Ekong, N M Fountain-Jones, M A Alkhamis
H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) was first observed in Nigeria in early 2006 and has now spread to more than 17 African countries having severe economic and public health implications. Here, we explore the spatiotemporal patterns of viral dispersal both among West African countries and within Nigeria using sequence data from hemagglutinin (HA) gene region of the virus. Analyses were performed within a statistical Bayesian framework using phylodynamic models on data sets comprising of all publically available HA sequence data collected from seven West African countries and Egypt between 2006 and 2015...
July 14, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710054/preliminary-evidence-for-the-emergence-of-a-health-care-online-community-of-practice-using-a-netnographic-framework-for-twitter-hashtag-analytics
#18
Damian Roland, Jesse Spurr, Daniel Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Online communities of practice (oCoPs) may emerge from interactions on social media. These communities offer an open digital space and flat role hierarchy for information sharing and provide a strong group identity, rapid flow of information, content curation, and knowledge translation. To date, there is only a small body of evidence in medicine or health care to verify the existence of an oCoP. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the emergence of an oCoP through the study of social media interactions of the free open access medical education (FOAM) movement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708753/effectiveness-of-preoperative-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-oral-midazolam-for-the-prevention-of-emergence-delirium-in-the-pediatric-patient-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#19
James FitzSimons, Laura S Bonanno, Stephanie Pierce, Jennifer Badeaux
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium is defined as a cognitive disturbance during emergence from general anesthesia resulting in hallucinations, delusions and confusion manifested by agitation, restlessness, involuntary physical movement and extreme flailing in bed. Postoperative emergence delirium develops in 12% to 18% of all children undergoing general anesthesia for surgery. This post-anesthetic phenomenon changes cognitive and psychomotor behavior, and puts pediatric patients and health care personnel at risk of injury...
July 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705044/the-genetics-of-hair-cell-function-in-zebrafish
#20
Teresa Nicolson
Our ears are remarkable sensory organs, providing the important senses of balance and hearing. The complex structure of the inner ear, or 'labyrinth', along with the assorted neuroepithelia, have evolved to detect head movements and sounds with impressive sensitivity. The rub is that the inner ear is highly vulnerable to genetic lesions and environmental insults. According to National Institute of Health estimates, hearing loss is one of the most commonly inherited or acquired sensorineural diseases. To understand the causes of deafness and balance disorders, it is imperative to understand the underlying biology of the inner ear, especially the inner workings of the sensory receptors...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
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