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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098086/movement-for-global-mental-health-the-crusade-and-its-critique
#1
K S Jacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096420/drivers-of-rift-valley-fever-epidemics-in-madagascar
#2
Renaud Lancelot, Marina Béral, Vincent Michel Rakotoharinome, Soa-Fy Andriamandimby, Jean-Michel Héraud, Caroline Coste, Andrea Apolloni, Cécile Squarzoni-Diaw, Stéphane de La Rocque, Pierre B H Formenty, Jérémy Bouyer, G R William Wint, Eric Cardinale
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a vector-borne viral disease widespread in Africa. The primary cycle involves mosquitoes and wild and domestic ruminant hosts. Humans are usually contaminated after contact with infected ruminants. As many environmental, agricultural, epidemiological, and anthropogenic factors are implicated in RVF spread, the multidisciplinary One Health approach was needed to identify the drivers of RVF epidemics in Madagascar. We examined the environmental patterns associated with these epidemics, comparing human and ruminant serological data with environmental and cattle-trade data...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#3
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095824/community-based-health-care-is-an-essential-component-of-a-resilient-health-system-evidence-from-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#4
Kendra Siekmans, Salim Sohani, Tamba Boima, Florence Koffa, Luay Basil, Saïd Laaziz
BACKGROUND: Trained community health workers (CHW) enhance access to essential primary health care services in contexts where the health system lacks capacity to adequately deliver them. In Liberia, the Ebola outbreak further disrupted health system function. The objective of this study is to examine the value of a community-based health system in ensuring continued treatment of child illnesses during the outbreak and the role that CHWs had in Ebola prevention activities. METHODS: A descriptive observational study design used mixed methods to collect data from CHWs (structured survey, n = 60; focus group discussions, n = 16), government health facility workers and project staff...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095141/an-old-problem-aging-and-skeletal-muscle-strain-injury
#5
Brent A Baker
: Clinical Scenario: Even though chronological aging is an inevitable phenomenological consequence occurring in every living organism, it is biological aging that may be the most significant factor challenging our quality of life. Development of functional limitations, resulting from improper maintenance and restoration of various organ systems, ultimately leads to reduced health and independence. Skeletal muscle is an organ system, that when challenged, is often injured in response to varying stimuli...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093830/age-affects-sleep-microstructure-more-than-sleep-macrostructure
#6
Johanna F A Schwarz, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Eva Lindberg, Georg Gruber, Håkan Fischer, Jenny Theorell-Haglöw
It is well known that the quantity and quality of physiological sleep changes across age. However, so far the effect of age on sleep microstructure has been mostly addressed in small samples. The current study examines the effect of age on several measures of sleep macro- and microstructure in 211 women (22-71 years old) of the 'Sleep and Health in Women' study for whom ambulatory polysomnography was registered. Older age was associated with significantly lower fast spindle (effect size f(2)  = 0.32) and K-complex density (f(2)  = 0...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093503/work-and-health-in-latin-america-results-from-the-working-conditions-surveys-of-colombia-argentina-chile-central-america-and-uruguay
#7
Pamela Merino-Salazar, Lucía Artazcoz, Cecilia Cornelio, María José Itatí Iñiguez, Marianela Rojas, David Martínez-Iñigo, Alejandra Vives, Lorena Funcasta, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: To describe working and employment conditions, and health status between non-agricultural employees with a written contract from Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. METHODS: We compared data from the first working condition surveys (WCS) of Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. For comparative purposes, we selected a subsample of 15 241 non-agricultural employees aged 18-64 years and working with a written contract...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092296/qualitative-analysis-of-parental-observations-on-quality-of-life-in-australian-children-with-down-syndrome
#8
Nada Murphy, Amy Epstein, Helen Leonard, Elise Davis, Dinah Reddihough, Andrew Whitehouse, Peter Jacoby, Jenny Bourke, Katrina Williams, Jenny Downs
OBJECTIVE: There are many challenges to health, functioning, and participation for children with Down syndrome; yet, the quality-of-life (QOL) domains important for this group have never been clearly articulated. This study investigated parental observations to identify QOL domains in children with Down syndrome and determined whether domains differed between children and adolescents. METHODS: The sample comprised 17 families whose child with Down syndrome was aged 6 to 18 years...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089766/males-with-mecp2-c-terminal-related-atypical-rett-syndromes-and-their-carrier-mothers
#9
Gabriel M Ronen, Lauren I Brady, Mark A Tarnopolsky
BACKGROUND: This communication examines the expanding phenotypes of the MECP2 C-terminal atypical Rett syndromes in males and their affected carrier mothers. DESCRIPTIONS: We describe three males with normal karyotypes who presented with congenital evolving complex neurodevelopmental encephalopathies with multifaceted symptomatology of hypotonia, epilepsy, ataxia, spasticity, movement disorders, behavioral issues, severe intellectual impairment, and communication skills, and a protracted regression phase followed by stabilization...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087121/upper-extremity-outcome-measures-for-collagen-vi-related-myopathy-and-lama2-related-muscular-dystrophy
#10
Roxanna M Bendixen, Jocelyn Butrum, Mina S Jain, Rebecca Parks, Bonnie Hodsdon, Carmel Nichols, Michelle Hsia, Leslie Nelson, Katherine C Keller, Michelle McGuire, Jeffrey S Elliott, Melody M Linton, Irene C Arveson, Fatou Tounkara, Ruhi Vasavada, Elizabeth Harnett, Monal Punjabi, Sandra Donkervoort, Jahannaz Dastgir, Meganne E Leach, Anne Rutkowski, Melissa Waite, James Collins, Carsten G Bönnemann, Katherine G Meilleur
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) comprises a rare group of genetic muscle diseases that present at birth or early during infancy. Two common subtypes of CMD are collagen VI-related muscular dystrophy (COL6-RD) and laminin alpha 2-related dystrophy (LAMA2-RD). Traditional outcome measures in CMD include gross motor and mobility assessments, yet significant motor declines underscore the need for valid upper extremity motor assessments as a clinical endpoint. This study validated a battery of upper extremity measures in these two CMD subtypes for future clinical trials...
December 5, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080996/mitigating-amphibian-chytridiomycoses-in-nature
#11
REVIEW
Trenton W J Garner, Benedikt R Schmidt, An Martel, Frank Pasmans, Erin Muths, Andrew A Cunningham, Che Weldon, Matthew C Fisher, Jaime Bosch
Amphibians across the planet face the threat of population decline and extirpation caused by the disease chytridiomycosis. Despite consensus that the fungal pathogens responsible for the disease are conservation issues, strategies to mitigate their impacts in the natural world are, at best, nascent. Reducing risk associated with the movement of amphibians, non-amphibian vectors and other sources of infection remains the first line of defence and a primary objective when mitigating the threat of disease in wildlife...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080048/wearable-sensors-for-personal-monitoring-and-estimation-of-inhaled-traffic-related-air-pollution-evaluation-of-methods
#12
Evi Dons, Michelle Laeremans, Juan Pablo Orjuela, Ione Avila-Palencia, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Tom Cole-Hunter, Esther Anaya-Boig, Arnout Standaert, Patrick De Boever, Tim S Nawrot, Thomas Götschi, Audrey de Nazelle, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Luc Int Panis
Physical activity and ventilation rates have an effect on an individual's dose and may be important to consider in exposure-response relationships; however, these factors are often ignored in environmental epidemiology studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate methods to estimate the inhaled dose of air pollution and understand variability, in the absence of a true gold standard metric. Five types of methods were identified: (1) methods using (physical) activity types; (2) methods based on energy expenditure, METs (metabolic equivalents of task) and oxygen consumption; (3) methods based on heart rate or (4) breathing rate; and (5) methods that combine heart and breathing rate...
January 12, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079974/findings-from-a-pilot-study-bringing-evidence-based-practice-to-the-bedside
#13
Mary Ann Friesen, Joni M Brady, Renee Milligan, Patricia Christensen
BACKGROUND: To translate research supporting inpatient care outcomes and provide evidence-based care, registered nurses (RNs) need continuing education and mentoring support to adopt evidence-based practice (EBP). AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess a demonstration project intended to pilot and evaluate a structured EBP education with mentoring innovation for nurses in a multihospital system. METHODS: Nurses from five units in five hospitals were included in an education with mentoring innovation to implement the Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Model and the Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC) Model...
January 12, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078839/widespread-membrane-potential-changes-and-cardiorespiratory-synchronization-involved-in-anxiety-and-sleep-wake-transitions
#14
R Jerath, S M Cearley, M Jensen
Located within the ascending reticular activating system are nuclei which release neurotransmitters such as acetylcholine, serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. These nuclei have widespread projections that extend into the limbic system and throughout cortex. Activation of these neurotransmitters during awake states leads to arousal, while inhibition leads to the loss of consciousness experienced during slow-wave sleep. Previously, we proposed a mechanism in which cardiorespiratory synchronization may underlie the widespread hyperpolarization that occurs throughout the brain during slow-wave sleep...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076535/-femicides-in-ethnic-and-racialized-groups-syntheses
#15
Stela Nazareth Meneghel, Betty Ruth Lozano Lerma
The text entitled "Femicides in ethnic and racialized groups: syntheses" presents some of the discussions that took place during a seminar on this topic in Buenaventura. Buenaventura is the main Colombian port on the Pacific, a region rich in minerals and a corridor for the movement of goods, which makes it a strategic territory and a center for disputes. At the seminar, the social and political determinants of femicide were discussed, understanding it as a tactic of waging war against women. The forum provided a space for academic discussion, but also for grievances over inter-personal violence, the manifestation of feelings and the elaboration of pain and grief through the medium of art...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072793/merit-based-incentive-payment-system-meaningful-changes-in-the-final-rule-brings-cautious-optimism
#16
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Aaron K Calodney, Joshua A Hirsch
The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) eliminated the flawed Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) act formula - a longstanding crucial issue of concern for health care providers and Medicare beneficiaries. MACRA also included a quality improvement program entitled, "The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System, or MIPS." The proposed rule of MIPS sought to streamline existing federal quality efforts and therefore linked 4 distinct programs into one. Three existing programs, meaningful use (MU), Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS), value-based payment (VBP) system were merged with the addition of Clinical Improvement Activity category...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070770/a-dance-intervention-for-cancer-survivors-and-their-partners-rhythm
#17
Maria Pisu, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kelly M Kenzik, Robert A Oster, Chee Paul Lin, Sharon Manne, Ronald Alvarez, Michelle Y Martin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a ballroom dance intervention on improving quality of life (QOL) and relationship outcomes in cancer survivors and their partners. METHODS: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial with two arms (Restoring Health in You (and Your Partner) through Movement, RHYTHM): (1) immediate dance intervention and (2) delayed intervention (wait-list control). The intervention consisted of 10 private weekly dance lessons and 2 practice parties over 12 weeks...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069859/global-health-a-pivotal-moment-of-opportunity-and-peril
#18
Lawrence O Gostin, Eric A Friedman
A growing tide of populism in Europe and the United States, combined with other factors, threatens the solidarity upon which the global health movement is based. The highest-profile example of the turn toward populism is US president-elect Donald Trump, whose proposals would redefine US engagement in global health, development, and environmental efforts. In this challenging landscape, three influential global institutions-the United Nations, the World Health Organization, and the World Bank-are undergoing leadership transitions...
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068790/temporomandibular-disorders-old-ideas-and-new-concepts
#19
Thomas List, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Background Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is an umbrella term for pain and dysfunction involving the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). TMD is the most common orofacial pain condition. Its prominent features include regional pain in the face and preauricular area, limitations in jaw movement, and noise from the TMJs during jaw movements. TMD affects up to 15% of adults and 7% of adolescents. Chronic pain is the overwhelming reason that patients with TMD seek treatment. TMD can associate with impaired general health, depression, and other psychological disabilities, and may affect the quality of life of the patient...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068782/gasotransmitter-heterocellular-signaling
#20
Gopi Kolluru, Shuai Yuan, XInggui Shen, Christopher G Kevil
SIGNIFICANCE: The family of gasotransmitter molecules nitric oxide (NO), carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrogen sulfide (H2S), has emerged as important mediators of numerous cellular signal transduction and pathophysiological responses. As such, these molecules have been reported to influence a diverse array of biochemical, molecular, and cell biology events often impacting one another. Recent Advances: Discrete regulation of gasotransmitter molecule formation, movement, and reaction are critical to their biological function...
January 9, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
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