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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352437/cost-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-chronic-constipation-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Dolly Han, Nicolas Iragorri, Fiona Clement, Diane Lorenzetti, Eldon Spackman
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation (CC) has a significant impact on patients' quality of life and imposes an economic burden on individuals and the healthcare system. Treatment options include dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, fibre supplements, stool softeners, and laxatives. OBJECTIVE: We undertook this systematic review to comprehensively evaluate the cost effectiveness of treatments for CC. METHODS: We searched ten common databases to identify economic evaluations published to 13 June 2017...
January 19, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350780/an-evolutionary-concept-analysis-of-futility-in-healthcare
#2
Lauren Morata
AIM: To report a concept analysis of futility in healthcare. BACKGROUND: Each member of the healthcare team, the physician, the nurse, the patient, the family and all others involved perceive futility differently. The current evidence and knowledge in regard to futility in healthcare manifest a plethora of definitions, meanings and interpretations without consensus. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched included Medline, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Academic Search Premier, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and PsycINFO...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350581/characteristics-of-yoga-practice-and-predictors-of-practice-frequency
#3
Sujata Ghosh Ayala, Kenneth Wallson, Gurjeet Birdee
Yoga is a globally popular mind-body practice used for health. The objective of this study was to characterize yoga practice and factors associated with frequency of practice. Yoga practitioners were sent invitations via email to participate in an online survey. Yoga characteristics and other sociodemographics were collected. Data from 309 consenting respondents were analyzed for patterns in practice characteristics (yoga techniques, location of practice, method of instruction, teacher status, and yoga type)...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350408/calibration-and-non-orthogonality-correction-of-three-axis-hall-sensors-for-the-monitoring-of-mri-workers-exposure-to-static-magnetic-fields
#4
Antoine Delmas, Lamia Belguerras, Nicolas Weber, Freddy Odille, Cédric Pasquier, Jacques Felblinger, Pierre-André Vuissoz
A Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanner uses three different electromagnetic fields (EMF) to produce body images: a static permanent magnetic field (MF), several pulsed magnetic gradients, and a radiofrequency pulse. As a result, any occupation that includes an MRI exposes workers to a strong MF. The World Health Organization has now given the monitoring of occupational EMF exposure a high priority. One design for a low-cost, compact MF exposure monitor (« MR exposimeter ») uses a set of three orthogonally assembled Hall sensors...
January 19, 2018: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346387/inferring-the-risk-factors-behind-the-geographical-spread-and-transmission-of-zika-in-the-americas
#5
Lauren M Gardner, András Bóta, Karthik Gangavarapu, Moritz U G Kraemer, Nathan D Grubaugh
BACKGROUND: An unprecedented Zika virus epidemic occurred in the Americas during 2015-2016. The size of the epidemic in conjunction with newly recognized health risks associated with the virus attracted significant attention across the research community. Our study complements several recent studies which have mapped epidemiological elements of Zika, by introducing a newly proposed methodology to simultaneously estimate the contribution of various risk factors for geographic spread resulting in local transmission and to compute the risk of spread (or re-introductions) between each pair of regions...
January 18, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345486/facilitating-pipeline-progress-from-doctoral-degree-to-first-job
#6
Nadine J Kaslow, Debra A Bangasser, Catherine L Grus, Stephen R McCutcheon, Garth A Fowler
The sequence of professional development within psychology from doctoral education to first job represents a period of remarkable professional and personal growth for each trainee. However, this sequence also contains a variety of barriers that hinder progress through the pipeline. The myriad individual-, program-, and system-level barriers encountered by trainees in health service/other applied service psychology and in research basic/applied psychology are identified. To actively and systematically facilitate improved passage through major transition points, individual trainee and trainer, program- and system-level action steps are recommended...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344657/effects-of-hereditary-moderate-high-fat-diet-on-metabolic-performance-and-physical-endurance-capacity-in-c57bl-6-offspring
#7
Fang Liu, Guirong Zhang, Xue Sheng, Shang Liu, Meng Cui, Heyun Guo, Jianbin Xue, Lingyun Zhang
Obesity in pregnant women presents a risk to fetal health, leading to numerous metabolic syndromes and chronic inflammation risks. Previously, physical exercise was considered to be one of the primary treatments for obesity. However, the effect of fat consumption throughout the life cycle on physical endurance capacity remains unknown. A total of two groups of female mice (age, 6 weeks; C57BL/6J) were fed with a normal chow diet and a moderate high fat diet (MHFD), during pregnancy and lactation (8 weeks), with the offspring receiving the same diet as the mother...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343244/hsp70-at-the-membrane-driving-protein-translocation
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Craig
Efficient movement of proteins across membranes is required for cell health. The translocation process is particularly challenging when the channel in the membrane through which proteins must pass is narrow-such as those in the membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. Hsp70 molecular chaperones play roles on both sides of these membranes, ensuring efficient translocation of proteins synthesized on cytosolic ribosomes into the interior of these organelles. The "import motor" in the mitochondrial matrix, which is essential for driving the movement of proteins across the mitochondrial inner membrane, is arguably the most complex Hsp70-based system in the cell...
January 17, 2018: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341130/mitochondrial-function-and-autophagy-integrating-proteotoxic-redox-and-metabolic-stress-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Jianhua Zhang, M Lillian Culp, Jason G Craver, Victor Darley-Usmar
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a movement disorder with widespread neurodegeneration in the brain. Significant oxidative, reductive, metabolic, and proteotoxic alterations have been observed in PD postmortem brains. The alterations of mitochondrial function resulting in decreased bioenergetic health is important and needs to be further examined to help develop biomarkers for PD severity and prognosis. It is now becoming clear that multiple hits on metabolic and signaling pathways are likely to exacerbate PD pathogenesis...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340001/neuromuscular-control-during-the-bench-press-movement-in-an-elite-disabled-and-able-bodied-athlete
#10
Artur Gołaś, Anna Zwierzchowska, Adam Maszczyk, Michał Wilk, Petr Stastny, Adam Zając
The disabled population varies significantly in regard to physical fitness, what is conditioned by the damage to the locomotor system. Recently there has been an increased emphasis on the role of competitive sport in enhancing health and the quality of life of individuals with disability. One of the sport disciplines of Paralympics is the flat bench press. The bench press is one of the most popular resistance exercises used for the upper body in healthy individuals. It is used not only by powerlifters, but also by athletes in most strength-speed oriented sport disciplines...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339206/objective-sleep-measures-in-subacute-stroke-inpatients-associated-with-levels-and-improvements-in-activities-of-daily-living
#11
Ren-Jing Huang, Ching-Hsiang Lai, Shin-Da Lee, Fang-Yu Pai, Shen-Wen Chang, Ai-Hui Chung, Yi-Fang Chang, Hua Ting
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether objective polysomnographic measures of prevalent sleep problems such as sleep-disordered-breathing (SDB) and insomnia are associated with activities of daily living levels in inpatients at rehabilitation units DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study SETTING: Single rehabilitation center PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-three enrolled subacute stroke inpatients (61.6 ± 13.1 years; 23.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2; 33% female; 90.5 ± 36.7 days post-stroke) underwent a one-night polysomnography study and one-month-long inpatient rehabilitation program...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338695/novel-sensing-technology-in-fall-risk-assessment-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
Ruopeng Sun, Jacob J Sosnoff
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. A first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent advancement in sensing technology offers the possibility of objective, low-cost and easy-to-implement fall risk assessment. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the current state of sensing technology on providing objective fall risk assessment in older adults. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in accordance to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement (PRISMA)...
January 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#13
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334344/content-validity-and-satisfaction-with-a-caregiver-integrated-web-based-rehabilitation-intervention-for-persons-with-stroke
#14
Sarah Blanton, Sandra Dunbar, Patricia C Clark
Background Family members provide valuable contributions during rehabilitation after stroke, but frequently report higher incidences of burden, depression, and social isolation during caregiving. Thus, effective interventions to reduce stroke impact on the family are needed. Objectives To evaluate the content validity and satisfaction of a caregiver-focused web-based intervention designed to improve stroke survivor physical function while reducing caregiver negative outcomes. Methods Caregivers of individuals with stroke (N = 6) and expert rehabilitation researchers (N = 4) were presented with a novel, web-based intervention (CARE-CITE) designed to foster problem-solving and skill-building while facilitating caregiver involvement during constraint-induced movement therapy...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334292/safety-and-effectiveness-of-fascial-therapy-in-adult-patients-with-hemophilic-arthropathy-a-pilot-study
#15
Elena Donoso-Úbeda, Javier Meroño-Gallut, José Antonio López-Pina, Rubén Cuesta-Barriuso
BACKGROUND: The primary clinical manifestations of hemophilia are muscle and joint bleeding. Recurrent bleeding leads to a degenerative process known as hemophilic arthropathy. Fascial therapy is one of the most used physiotherapy techniques today to improve joint dysfunctions and chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of fascial therapy treatment in patients with hemophilic arthropathy of ankle and knee. DESIGN: Non-randomized, controlled clinical trial...
January 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330612/analysis-of-the-stomatognathic-system-of-children-according-orthodontic-treatment-needs
#16
Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo, Bárbara de Lima Lucas, Kranya Victoria Díaz-Serrano, Nicolly Parente Ribeiro Frota, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Mariângela Salles Pereira Nassar, Mariah Acioli Righetti, Lígia Franco Oliveira, Lígia Maria Napolitano Gonçalves, Selma Siéssere, Marcelo Palinkas
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated electromyographic activity (EMG), masticatory performance, and tongue strength in children without and with orthodontic treatment needs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 90 children were screened and divided into the following groups: Group I (no treatment needed; mean age: 8.00 ± 0.43 years; n = 26), Group II (few malocclusions, treatment needed; mean age: 8.89 ± 0.43 years; n = 28), and Group III (slight-to-borderline treatment needed; mean age: 8...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328864/building-evidence-for-health-green-buildings-current-science-and-future-challenges
#17
J G Cedeño-Laurent, A Williams, P MacNaughton, X Cao, E Eitland, J Spengler, J Allen
Civilizational challenges have questioned the status quo of energy and material consumption by humans. From the built environment perspective, a response to these challenges was the creation of green buildings. Although the revolutionary capacity of the green building movement has elevated the expectations of new commercial construction, its rate of implementation has secluded the majority of the population from its benefits. Beyond reductions in energy usage and increases in market value, the main strength of green buildings may be the procurement of healthier building environments...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327742/targeting-cleanups-towards-a-more-sustainable-future
#18
David O'Connor, Deyi Hou
A tension arises between society's disposition to protect people at risk from environmental pollution, and an aversion towards the potential harmful side-effects associated with cleanup activities. Here we explore how setting different cleanup standards may influence some of the environmental, social, and economic side-effects of remediation, and how they can be quantified for incorporation into cleanup target setting; these include (1) secondary environmental impacts, assessed by life cycle assessment (LCA); (2) fatalities and injuries, assessed by actuarial risk analysis; and (3) the cost effectiveness of stringent cleanup standards, assessed by the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER)...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#19
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324566/maintaining-a-competent-public-health-workforce-lessons-learned-from-experiences-with-public-health-accreditation-domain-8-standards-and-measures
#20
Valerie A Yeager, M Kristina Wharton, Leslie M Beitsch
CONTEXT: Public health accreditation is an ongoing national movement to improve the quality of public health departments and the public health system in the United States; however, calls have been made for more evidence regarding best practices in the accreditation process. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work is to provide evidence about best practices in the accreditation process, specifically within the workforce development domain. It is the first in-depth investigation into workforce development using data collected by Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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