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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637147/musculoskeletal-complaints-in-individuals-with-finger-or-partial-hand-amputations-in-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sjoukje E Bouma, Sietke G Postema, Raoul M Bongers, Pieter U Dijkstra, Corry K van der Sluis
PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) in individuals with finger or partial hand amputations (FPHAs) with a control group and to explore the effect and predictors of MSCs in individuals with FPHAs. METHOD: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The primary outcome measures were: prevalence of MSCs, health status, pain-related disability, physical work demands, work productivity, and hand function. RESULTS: The response rate was 61%...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636488/workers-exposure-to-bioaerosols-from-three-different-types-of-composting-facilities
#2
Laetitia Bonifait, Geneviève Marchand, Marc Veillette, Hamza M'Bareche, Marie-Eve Dubuis, Carole Pépin, Yves Cloutier, Yves Bernard, Caroline Duchaine
Composting is a natural dynamic biological process used to valorise putrescible organic matter. The composting process can involve vigorous movements of waste material piles, which release high concentrations of bioaerosols into the surrounding environment. There is a lack of knowledge concerning the dispersal of airborne microorganisms emitted by composting plants (CP) as well as the potential occupational exposure of composting workers. The aim of this study was to investigate the workers exposure to bioaerosols during working activities in three different types of composting facilities (domestic, manure, carcass) using two different quantification methods (cultivation and qPCR) for bacteria and moulds concentrations...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634415/force-induced-increased-osteogenesis-enables-accelerated-orthodontic-tooth-movement-in-ovariectomized-rats
#3
Qinggang Dai, Siru Zhou, Peng Zhang, Xuhui Ma, Nayong Ha, Xiao Yang, Zhifeng Yu, Bing Fang, Lingyong Jiang
As the number of elderly orthodontic patients increases, the impact of postmenopausal osteoporosis on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) has attracted a great deal of attention because OTM relies on alveolar bone remodeling. The question of whether OTM causes subsequent alveolar bone loss and is harmful to alveolar bone health under osteoporotic conditions remains to be answered. The present study aimed to clarify the influences of OTM on alveolar bone in osteoporotic rats. OTM was accelerated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats as a result of increased bone resorption in the pressure area...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633696/cross-border-collaboration-for-improved-tuberculosis-prevention-and-care-policies-tools-and-experiences
#4
M Dara, G Sulis, R Centis, L D'Ambrosio, G de Vries, P Douglas, D Garcia, N Jansen, E Zuroweste, G B Migliori
As tuberculosis (TB) spreads beyond borders with people movements, several interventions ensuring the continuity of care are essential, although difficult to put in place in the absence of well-defined agreements allowing data sharing and easy referral of patients to appropriate health facilities. This article first sets out general principles for cross-border collaboration and continuity of care. It then presents a series of case studies. Policies and practices on cross-border collaboration in selected low-incidence countries (Australia, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States) are described and critically appraised...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633502/promoting-seniors-health-with-home-care-aides-a-pilot
#5
Naoko Muramatsu, Lijuan Yin, Michael L Berbaum, David X Marquez, Donald A Jurivich, Joseph P Zanoni, Katya Y Cruz Madrid, Surrey M Walton
Purpose: Regular physical activity (PA) benefits older adults. However, frail older adults lack opportunities to be physically active. This pilot study aimed to test and enhance the feasibility of a PA program delivered by home care aides (HCAs) for community-dwelling older adults in a Medicaid-funded home care setting and to generate preliminary efficacy and cost data. Design and Methods: HCAs were trained to deliver a brief motivational enhancement and three chair-bound movements to motivate their older clients to do PA daily and to help maintain their independence in the community...
June 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632789/movement-and-contact-patterns-of-long-distance-free-grazing-ducks-and-avian-influenza-persistence-in-vietnam
#6
Anne Meyer, Tung Xuan Dinh, Thu Van Nhu, Long Thanh Pham, Scott Newman, Thuy Thi Thanh Nguyen, Dirk Udo Pfeiffer, Timothée Vergne
Presence of ducks, and in particular of free-grazing ducks, has consistently been shown to be one of the most important risk factors for highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks which has compromised poultry production in South-East Asia since the early 2000s and continues to threaten public health, farmers' livelihood and food security. Although free-grazing duck production has been practised for decades in South-East Asia, there are few published studies describing this production system, which is suspected to play an important role in the maintenance of avian influenza viruses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#7
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632071/impact-of-serious-mental-illness-online-training-for-certified-nursing-assistants-in-long-term-care
#8
Victor Molinari, John V Hobday, Rosalyn Roker, Mark E Kunik, Rosalie Kane, Merrie J Kaas, Chandra Mehrotra, Christine L Williams, Joyce C Robbins, Debra Dobbs
Certified nurse assistants (CNAs) spend the most staff time with nursing home residents, yet they receive little training in addressing the mental health needs of residents with serious mental illness (SMI). Forty CNAs from four long-term-care facilities took the online interactive CARES-(®) Serious Mental Illness(™) training consisting of two modules guided by the Recovery Movement philosophy of care. Responses from pre-post testing, Likert-type items, and open-ended questions indicated that CNAs gained information, changed their perspectives, and had more confidence in dealing with SMI...
September 22, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631870/thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-neuropathic-pain-efficacy-at-three-years-follow-up
#9
Vasco Abreu, Rui Vaz, Virgínia Rebelo, Maria José Rosas, Clara Chamadoira, Martin J Gillies, Tipu Z Aziz, Erlick A C Pereira
OBJECT: Chronic neuropathic pain is estimated to affect 3-4.5% of the worldwide population, posing a serious burden to society. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is already established for movement disorders and also used to treat some "off-label" conditions. However, DBS for the treatment of chronic, drug refractory, neuropathic pain, has shown variable outcomes with few studies performed in the last decade. Thus, this procedure has consensus approval in parts of Europe but not the USA. This study prospectively evaluated the efficacy at three years of DBS for neuropathic pain...
June 20, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630838/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-case-of-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-causing-spontaneous-pathological-fracture-of-humerus-in-a-middle-aged-female
#10
Umesh Birole, Ashish Ranade, Mahesh Mone
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is often secondary to some primary foci in lungs. There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630549/why-is-a-good-abortion-law-not-enough-the-case-of-estonia
#11
Liiri Oja
There are various ways to critically discuss abortion. Constructing or finding the most suitable analytical framework-whether rooted in legal formalism, socio-legal considerations, or comparativism-always depends on the country of subject and whether the analysis is for litigation, advocacy, or more theoretical purposes. This paper offers a model for analyzing abortion in Estonia in order to connect it as a thought-provoking case study to the ongoing transnational abortion discussions. I set out by describing the Estonian Abortion Act as a "good abortion law": a regulation that guarantees in practice women's legal access to safe abortion...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628594/telehealth-wearable-sensors-and-the-internet-will-they-improve-stroke-outcomes-through-increased-intensity-of-therapy-motivation-and-adherence-to-rehabilitation-programs
#12
Jane H Burridge, Alan Chong W Lee, Ruth Turk, Maria Stokes, Jill Whitall, Ravi Vaidyanathan, Phil Clatworthy, Ann-Marie Hughes, Claire Meagher, Enrico Franco, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke, predominantly a condition of older age, is a major cause of acquired disability in the global population and puts an increasing burden on health care resources. Clear evidence for the importance of intensity of therapy in optimizing functional outcomes is found in animal models, supported by neuroimaging and behavioral research, and strengthened by recent meta-analyses from multiple clinical trials. However, providing intensive therapy using conventional treatment paradigms is expensive and sometimes not feasible because of social and environmental factors...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628591/movement-system-diagnosis
#13
Ann F Van Sant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This article presents the concept of movement system diagnoses (MSDxs), including an examination of the evolution of the ideas that are shaping the development of MSDxs. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Ideas leading to development of the need for MSDxs are traced, and an overview of Diagnosis Dialog and points of consensus are provided. Four examples from areas of neurologic and pediatric practice where additional work is needed on movement system diagnosis are highlighted...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628590/the-past-present-and-future-of-neurorehabilitation-from-nustep-through-iv-step-and-beyond
#14
Susan R Harris, Carolee J Winstein
PURPOSES: To present the history and aims of the STEP conferences; describe the interdependence of prevention, prediction, plasticity, and participation; reflect on where we stand today regarding those 4 Ps; and discuss how future neurorehabilitation should look for individuals with movement disorders. KEY POINTS: Physical therapists have focused primarily on tertiary prevention, emphasizing primary/secondary prevention far less. Predicting optimal response to intervention is essential for primary prevention...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627418/alterations-in-neuronal-control-of-body-weight-and-anxiety-behavior-by-glutathione-peroxidase-4-deficiency
#15
Sonja C Schriever, Annemarie Zimprich, Katrin Pfuhlmann, Peter Baumann, Florian Giesert, Valentina Klaus, Dhiraj G Kabra, Ulrich Hafen, Artem Romanov, Matthias H Tschöp, Wolfgang Wurst, Marcus Conrad, Sabine M Hölter, Daniela Vogt Weisenhorn, Paul T Pfluger
Elevated levels of oxidative stress and neuronal inflammation in the hypothalamus or ventral midbrain, respectively, represent common denominators for obesity and Parkinson's Disease (PD). However, little is known about defense mechanisms that protect neurons in these regions from oxidative damage. Here, we aimed to assess whether murine Gpx4, a crucial antioxidant enzyme that protects neurons from membrane damage and ferroptosis, is critical for the protection from neuronal inflammation in two distinct pathophysiologic diseases, namely metabolic dysfunction in diet-induced obesity or PD...
June 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625894/evaluation-of-protective-immunity-induced-by-dna-vaccination-with-genes-encoding-toxoplasma-gondii-gra17-and-gra23-against-acute-toxoplasmosis-in-mice
#16
Wei-Ning Zhu, Jin-Lei Wang, Kai Chen, Dong-Mei Yue, Xiao-Xuan Zhang, Si-Yang Huang, Xing-Quan Zhu
Toxoplasma gondii, an obligatory intracellular protozoan, can cause serious public health problems and economic losses worldwide. Two novel dense granule proteins (GRA17 and GRA23) were recently identified as T. gondii-secreted proteins which are localized to the parasitophorous vacuole membrane (PVM) and can mediate the movement of small molecules between the host cell and parasitophorous vacuole (PV). In the present study, we evaluated the protective immunity induced by DNA vaccination with genes encoding GRA17 and GRA23 against acute toxoplasmosis in mice...
June 15, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624941/does-static-electric-field-from-ultra-high-voltage-direct-current-transmission-lines-affect-male-reproductive-capacity-evidence-from-a-laboratory-study-on-male-mice
#17
Sixia Wu, Guoqing Di, Zhengguang Li
With the development of ultra-high-voltage direct-current (UHVDC) transmission technology and increase in transmission voltage, the issue of environmental static electric field (SEF) pollution is standing out and its possible health effects have caused much public attention. In this study, the effects of chronic exposure to SEF on reproductive capacity of male mice were investigated. Twenty Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were exposed to SEF (56.3 ± 1.4 kV/m, 49 days) generated by a high-voltage device...
June 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624756/fat-is-fashionable-and-fit-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-fatspiration-and-health-at-every-size-%C3%A2-instagram-images
#18
Jennifer B Webb, Erin R Vinoski, Adrienne S Bonar, Alexandria E Davies, Lena Etzel
In step with the proliferation of Thinspiration and Fitspiration content disseminated in popular web-based media, the fat acceptance movement has garnered heightened visibility within mainstream culture via the burgeoning Fatosphere weblog community. The present study extended previous Fatosphere research by comparing the shared and distinct strategies used to represent and motivate a fat-accepting lifestyle among 400 images sourced from Fatspiration- and Health at Every Size(®)-themed hashtags on Instagram...
June 15, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623186/assessment-of-active-video-gaming-using-adapted-controllers-by-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-protocol
#19
Laurie A Malone, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Justin McCroskey, Mohanraj Thirumalai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are typically more sedentary and less fit compared to their peers without disabilities. Furthermore, engaging in physical activity can be extremely challenging due to physical impairments associated with disability and fewer opportunities to participate. One option for increasing physical activity is playing active video games (AVG), a category of video games that requires much more body movement for successful play than conventional push-button or joystick actions...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621218/measuring-disability-in-patients-with-cervical-dystonia-according-to-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#20
Joke De Pauw, Kevin van der Velden, Reen Cox, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Rudy Mercelis, Willem De Hertogh
Cervical Dystonia (CD) is a rare movement disorder characterized by an abnormal head position. This cross-sectional study describes the health status and severity of disability using an internationally agreed language by applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Two disease-specific rating scales were administered to 30 patients with CD. By linking the individual answers to the ICF model, the frequency and severity of reported impairments and restrictions were estimated using a count-based method...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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