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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#1
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229901/what-is-the-association-between-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-and-6-minute-walk-test-in-hypertensive-patients
#2
El-Sayed M Farag, Mohammad M Al-Daydamony, Marwa M Gad
Heart failure (HF) is a major health problem. Hypertension is an important cause of HF. Most hypertensive patients have some degree of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) provides objective data about the exercise tolerance. We aimed to find the association between the degree of LV diastolic dysfunction and the functional capacity assessed by 6MWT in hypertensive patients. The study included 200 asymptomatic hypertensive patients. All patients had undergone full history taking, complete clinical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography for assessment of LV dimensions, systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and 6MWT...
January 28, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229328/physical-exercise-vegetable-and-fruit-intake-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Xiao-Huan Gong, Ji-Wei Wang, Jiang Li, Xue-Fen Chen, Li Sun, Zheng-Ping Yuan, Jin-Ming Yu
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer has long-term effects on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of cancer survivors after treatment. Few research studies have focused on the association between health behaviors and HRQOL of Chinese breast cancer survivors (BCS). The aim of this study was to examine the separate and combined influence of physical exercise, vegetable and fruit intake on health-related quality of life of BCS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among BCS from April to July 2013, in Shanghai, China...
February 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228940/beneficial-effects-of-nonpharmacological-interventions-in-the-management-of-essential-hypertension
#4
REVIEW
Anastasios Vamvakis, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Areti Triantafyllou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Stella Douma
Essential hypertension is a major health problem causing excess cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Management of essential hypertension consists of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. In order to prevent and/or treat hypertension, parameters like nutrition, body weight, and physical exercise should be evaluated and taken under consideration for improvement. A large body of evidence clearly support that the role of salt, alcohol, fruits, and vegetables is important for high blood pressure...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228153/assessment-of-axillary-temperature-for-the-evaluation-of-normal-body-temperature-of-healthy-young-adults-at-rest-in-a-thermoneutral-environment
#5
Shuri Marui, Ayaka Misawa, Yuki Tanaka, Kei Nagashima
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate whether recently introduced methods of measuring axillary temperature are reliable, (2) examine if individuals know their baseline body temperature based on an actual measurement, and (3) assess the factors affecting axillary temperature and reevaluate the meaning of the axillary temperature. METHODS: Subjects were healthy young men and women (n = 76 and n = 65, respectively). Three measurements were obtained: (1) axillary temperature using a digital thermometer in a predictive mode requiring 10 s (T ax-10 s), (2) axillary temperature using a digital thermometer in a standard mode requiring 10 min (T ax-10 min), and (3) tympanic membrane temperature continuously measured by infrared thermometry (T ty)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228123/the-effects-of-exercise-on-pain-fatigue-insomnia-and-health-perceptions-in-patients-with-operable-advanced-stage-rectal-cancer-prior-to-surgery-a-pilot-trial
#6
Jennifer Brunet, Shaunna Burke, Michael P W Grocott, Malcolm A West, Sandy Jack
BACKGROUND: Promoting quality of life (QoL) is a key priority in cancer care. We investigated the hypothesis that, in comparison to usual care, exercise post-neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy/prior to surgical resection will reduce pain, fatigue, and insomnia, and will improve physical and mental health perceptions in patients with locally advanced stage rectal cancer. METHODS: In this non-randomized controlled pilot trial, patients in the supervised exercise group (EG; M age = 64 years; 64% male) and in the control group (CG; M age = 72 years; 69% male) completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer core Quality of Life questionnaire and the RAND 36-Item Health Survey three times: pre-neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (Time 1; n EC = 24; n CG = 11), post-neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy/pre-exercise intervention (Time 2; n EC = 23; n CG = 10), and post-exercise intervention (Time 3; n EC = 22; n CG = 10)...
February 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228102/influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-levels-of-university-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Fiona Y Wong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight is increasing and the effectiveness of various weight management and exercise programs varied. An augmented reality smartphone game, Pokémon Go, appears to increase activity levels of players. This study assessed the players and ex-players' frequencies and durations of staying outdoors, and walking/jogging before and during the time they played Pokémon Go, evaluated the physical activity levels of players, ex-players and non-players, and investigated the potential factors which determined their play statuses...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227948/stayfit-a-wearable-application-for-gym-based-power-training
#9
Maram Maheedhar, Aman Gaurav, Vivek Jilla, Vijay N Tiwari, Rangavittal Narayanan, Maram Maheedhar, Aman Gaurav, Vivek Jilla, Vijay N Tiwari, Rangavittal Narayanan, Rangavittal Narayanan, Vijay N Tiwari, Vivek Jilla, Aman Gaurav, Maram Maheedhar
Comprehensive fitness training involves both cardiorespiratory and power components. Often power/muscle strength training is confused with cardiorespiratory endurance training. However, each of them target different physiological aspects of fitness. Although, wearable based fitness trackers designed towards cardiorespiratory endurance training are available in the market, a dedicated wearable based fitness application designed for power training/tracking is still not readily available to fitness enthusiasts...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227217/acceptability-of-a-team-based-mobile-health-mhealth-application-for-lifestyle-self-management-in-individuals-with-chronic-illnesses
#10
Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Dori Rosenberg, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Peter Pirolli, Dori Rosenberg, James D Ralston, Evette Ludman, Katherine M Newton, Lester Nelson, Anusha Venkatakrishnan, Shiwali Mohan, Michael Silva, Paula Lozano, Peter Pirolli, Andrea L Hartzler
With increased incidence of chronic illnesses arising due to unhealthy lifestyle habits, it is increasingly important to leverage technology applications to promote and sustain health behavior change. We developed a smartphone-based application, NutriWalking (NW), which recommends personalized daily exercise goals and promotes healthy nutritional habits in small peer teams. Here, we demonstrate an early study of usability and acceptability of this app in patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Depression...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227136/can-ppg-be-used-for-hrv-analysis
#11
N Pinheiro, R Couceiro, J Henriques, J Muehlsteff, I Quintal, L Goncalves, P Carvalho, N Pinheiro, R Couceiro, J Henriques, J Muehlsteff, I Quintal, L Goncalves, P Carvalho, P Carvalho, J Muehlsteff, L Goncalves, N Pinheiro, J Henriques, I Quintal, R Couceiro
Heart rate variability (HRV) represents one of the most promising markers of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulation. However, it requires the acquisition of the ECG signal in order to reliably detect the RR intervals, which is not always easily and comfortably available in personal health applications. Additionally, due to progress in single spot optical sensors, photoplethysmography (PPG) is an interesting alternative for heartbeat interval measurements, since it is a more convenient and a less intrusive measurement technique...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226051/discourses-on-short-coursetherapy-for-tuberculosis-control
#12
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Mônica Cristina Ribeiro Alexandre D Auria de Lima, Rarianne Carvalho Peruhype, Simone Terezinha Protti, Pedro Fredemir Palha
Objective: to analyze the meanings produced through the experiences and perceptions of healthcare professionals on the implementation of the strategy of directly observed treatment short course for tuberculosis control. Method: qualitative study carried out in Mozambique with 15 healthcare professionals. Inclusion criteriawerehaving acted in the Tuberculosis Control Program for more than one year, and exercising professional activity at the time of interview. A semi-structured script was used for data collection, and individual interviews were recorded...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225697/who-should-ration
#13
Philip M Rosoff
A principal component of physician decision making is judging what interventions are clinically appropriate. Due to the inexorable and steady increase of health care costs in the US, physicians are constantly being urged to exercise judicious financial stewardship with due regard for the financial implications of what they prescribe. When applied on a case-by-case basis, this otherwise reasonable approach can lead to either inadvertent or overt and arbitrary restriction of interventions for some patients rather than others on the basis of clinically irrelevant characteristics such as ethnicity, gender, age, or skin color...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225440/the-effect-of-different-exercise-programs-on-size-and-function-of-deep-cervical-flexor-muscles-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Somayeh Amiri Arimi, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei, Khodabakhsh Javanshir, Asghar Rezasoltani, Akbar Biglarian
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the major public health problems, which has a great impact on people's lives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review published studies conducted on the effect of different exercise programs on activity, size, endurance, and strength of deep cervical flexor (DCF) muscles in patients with chronic neck pain. METHODS: The PubMed, Science Direct, OVID, Google scholar, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Databases were searched to determine relevant articles published from 1990 to March 2016...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224946/exercise-adherence-in-the-elderly-experience-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-simple-treatment-and-prevention
#15
Mary McElrath, Jonathan Myers, Khin Chan, Holly Fonda
Poor adherence to health-related behaviors can have serious health consequences. Cardiac rehabilitation has been documented to have physiological and psychosocial benefits; however, optimizing adherence to exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease is a particular challenge. We recently completed a large, 6-year randomized trial of exercise training in elderly patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease (50-85 years), which provided an opportunity to describe adherence strategies in this unique group of elderly individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224882/social-physique-anxiety-mental-health-and-exercise-analyzing-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-and-psychological-inflexibility
#16
Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Álvaro Sicilia, Rafael Burgueño
This study aimed to determine the usefulness of integrating basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) and relational frames theory (RFT) in order to explain the effects of social physique anxiety (SPA) - in the context of exercise - on exercisers' mental health. A total of 296 recreational cyclists and triathletes (100% males) aged 18 to 60 years old (M age = 35.65, SD = 9.49) completed a multi-section questionnaire assessing the target variables. Two models of structural equations with multiple mediators were tested using 5000 bootstrap samples...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223957/eeg-brain-activity-in-dynamic-health-qigong-training-same-effects-for-mental-practice-and-physical-training
#17
Diana Henz, Wolfgang I Schöllhorn
In recent years, there has been significant uptake of meditation and related relaxation techniques, as a means of alleviating stress and fostering an attentive mind. Several electroencephalogram (EEG) studies have reported changes in spectral band frequencies during Qigong meditation indicating a relaxed state. Much less is reported on effects of brain activation patterns induced by Qigong techniques involving bodily movement. In this study, we tested whether (1) physical Qigong training alters EEG theta and alpha activation, and (2) mental practice induces the same effect as a physical Qigong training...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223845/the-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-saudi-women-with-breast-cancer
#18
Anwar E Ahmed, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Alaa S Almuzaini, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
BACKGROUND: The protocols for treatment, along with many adverse effects, can strongly affect cancer patients' quality of life (QoL). As there is limited research on the QoL of Saudi Arabian women being treated for breast cancer, the purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of poor QoL in a sample of Saudi women with breast cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 Saudi women with breast cancer who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh for routine follow-up...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223395/oxygen-therapy-for-interstitial-lung-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Emily C Bell, Narelle S Cox, Nicole Goh, Ian Glaspole, Glen P Westall, Alice Watson, Anne E Holland
This review aims to establish the impact of oxygen therapy on dyspnoea, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), exercise capacity and mortality in interstitial lung disease (ILD).We included studies that compared oxygen therapy to no oxygen therapy in adults with ILD. No limitations were placed on study design or intervention type. Two reviewers independently evaluated studies for inclusion, assessed risk of bias and extracted data. The primary outcome was dyspnoea.Eight studies evaluated the acute effects of oxygen (n=1509)...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222085/physical-activity-promotion-beliefs-and-barriers-among-australasian-oncology-nurses
#20
Justin W L Keogh, Petra Pühringer, Alicia Olsen, Sally Sargeant, Lynnette M Jones, Mike Climstein
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the physical activity (PA) promotion practices, beliefs, and barriers of Australasian oncology nurses and gain preliminary insight into how PA promotion practices may be affected by the demographics of the nurses.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Australia and New Zealand.
. SAMPLE: 119 registered oncology nurses.
. METHODS: Self-reported online survey completed once per participant...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
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