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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934816/vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-regular-aerobic-exercise-induced-increased-serum-testosterone-levels-in-overweight-obese-men
#1
Hiroshi Kumagai, Toru Yoshikawa, Asako Zempo-Miyaki, Kanae Myoenzono, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Kiyoji Tanaka, Seiji Maeda
Testosterone is a male sex hormone and low circulating testosterone levels are associated with various health disorders in men. Obesity results in reduced circulating testosterone levels in men. Previously, we demonstrated that lifestyle modifications (combination of aerobic exercise and dietary modification) increase circulating testosterone levels in overweight/obese men. However, the effect of regular aerobic exercise on serum testosterone levels remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a 12-week aerobic exercise intervention on circulating testosterone levels in normal-weight and overweight/obese men...
September 21, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934556/the-effect-of-t-ai-chi-exercise-on-lipid-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#2
Aqeel M Alenazi, Mohammed M Alshehri, Jeffrey C Hoover, Mohammad A Yabroudi, Shaji John Kachanathu, Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a common health problem resulting from many factors, including dyslipidemia. T'ai chi is one of the interventions assigned to improve lipid profiles and other physical outcomes. However, conflicting results might be attributed to different study designs and interventional approaches. A systematic review and meta-analysis are needed to evaluate existing evidence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate existing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) regarding the overall effect of t'ai chi exercise on lipid profiles...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933009/does-iris-in-bring-bad-news-or-good-news
#3
REVIEW
Silvio Buscemi, Davide Corleo, Carola Buscemi, Carla Giordano
Irisin, a novel myokine produced in response to physical activity, promotes white-to-brown fat transdifferentiation. The name irisin referred to the ancient Greek goddess Iris, the messenger who delivered (bad) news from the gods. In mice, it has been demonstrated that irisin plays a key role in metabolic regulation, energy expenditure and glucose homeostasis. New findings from various studies carried out in both animals and humans suggest that irisin might also have other favorable effects, such as increasing bone cortical mass, preventing hepatic lipid accumulation, and improving cognitive functions, thus mediating many exercise-induced health benefits...
September 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932161/the-efficacy-of-a-diabetic-educational-program-and-predictors-of-compliance-of-patients-with-noninsulin-dependent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-al-khobar-saudi-arabia
#4
Fatma M Mokabel, Shadia F Aboulazm, Hanan E Hassan, Mona F Al-Qahtani, Seham F Alrashedi, Fatma A Zainuddin
BACKGROUND: The concept of detection and management of diabetes mellitus at primary health-care centers is justified and widely practised in Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of diabetic educational programs for noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus patients, and to determine the predictors of compliance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal experimental research design was adopted for this study and conducted at the diabetic outpatient clinic of King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932011/efficacy-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-male-with-osteopenia-or-osteoporosis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Ehab Mohamed Abdel-Kafy, Ahmed Mohamed Elsoudany, Omar Farouk Helal, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of high intensity laser therapy, alone or combined with exercise on pain, health related quality of life and fall risk in male with osteopenia or osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] 100 male patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis participated in the study. They had T-scores ≤-1.5. Patients were randomly assigned into four groups and treated with laser plus exercise, placebo laser plus exercise, laser alone and placebo laser in groups I, II, III, and IV respectively. Laser was applied to the lower back and hip regions...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931377/the-rehabilitation-enhancing-aging-through-connected-health-reach-study-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-clinical-trial
#7
Meng Ni, Lorna G Brown, Danielle Lawler, Terry D Ellis, Tamara Deangelis, Nancy K Latham, Jennifer Perloff, Steve J Atlas, Sanja Percac-Lima, Jonathan F Bean
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. However, there is insufficient evidence identifying a healthcare model that targets prevention of mobility decline among older adults. The objective of this study is to evaluate the preliminary effectiveness of a physical therapy program, augmented with mobile tele-health technology, on mobility function and healthcare utilization among older adults...
September 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930252/qigong-and-fibromyalgia-circa-2017
#8
REVIEW
Jana Sawynok, Mary E Lynch
Qigong is an internal art practice with a long history in China. It is currently characterized as meditative movement (or as movement-based embodied contemplative practice), but is also considered as complementary and alternative exercise or mind-body therapy. There are now six controlled trials and nine other reports on the effects of qigong in fibromyalgia. Outcomes are related to amount of practice so it is important to consider this factor in overview analyses. If one considers the 4 trials (201 subjects) that involve diligent practice (30-45 min daily, 6-8 weeks), there are consistent benefits in pain, sleep, impact, and physical and mental function following the regimen, with benefits maintained at 4-6 months...
June 6, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#9
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929368/who-are-mobile-app-users-from-healthy-lifestyle-websites-analysis-of-patterns-of-app-use-and-user-characteristics
#10
Steriani Elavsky, David Smahel, Hana Machackova
The use of online communities and websites for health information has proliferated along with the use of mobile apps for managing health behaviors such as diet and exercise. The scarce evidence available to date suggests that users of these websites and apps differ in significant ways from non-users but most data come from US- and UK-based populations. In this study, we recruited users of nutrition, weight management, and fitness-oriented websites in the Czech Republic to better understand who uses mobile apps and who does not, including user sociodemographic and psychological profiles...
September 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929224/long-working-hours-directly-and-indirectly-via-short-sleep-duration-induce-headache-even-in-healthy-white-collar-men-cross-sectional-and-1-year-follow-up-analyses
#11
Teruo Nagaya, Minoru Hibino, Yasuaki Kondo
OBJECTIVE: Headache in employees may be linked with both overwork and sleep restriction induced by long working hours. Inter-relationships among working hours, sleep duration and headache were investigated. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses for prevalent headache (n = 35,908) and 1-year follow-up analyses for incident headache (n = 19,788) were conducted in apparently healthy white-collar men aged 25-59 years. Headache (yes/no), working hours and sleep duration were based on self-administered questionnaire...
September 19, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928887/association-between-periodontal-disease-and-prostate-cancer-results-of-a-12-year-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#12
Jae-Hong Lee, Helen Hye-In Kweon, Jung-Kyu Choi, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi
The incidence of prostate cancer (PC) accompanying periodontal disease (PD) is anticipated to increase due to population aging. The aim of this study was to determine the association between PD and PC using data in the National Health Insurance Service-Health Examinee Cohort (NHIS-HEC). A random stratified sample of 187,934 South Koreans was collected from the NHIS database from 2002 to 2013. We assessed the relationship between PD and PC while adjusting for potential confounding factors (sex, age, household income, insurance status, residence area, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebral infarction, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, smoking status, alcohol intake, and regular exercise)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928111/personalized-hypertension-management-using-patient-generated-health-data-integrated-with-electronic-health-records-empower-h-six-month-pre-post-study
#13
Nan Lv, Lan Xiao, Martha L Simmons, Lisa G Rosas, Albert Chan, Martin Entwistle
BACKGROUND: EMPOWER-H (Engaging and Motivating Patients Online With Enhanced Resources-Hypertension) is a personalized-care model facilitating engagement in hypertension self-management utilizing an interactive Web-based disease management system integrated with the electronic health record. The model is designed to support timely patient-provider interaction by incorporating decision support technology to individualize care and provide personalized feedback for patients with chronic disease...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928109/components-and-outcomes-of-internet-based-interventions-for-caregivers-of-older-adults-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Cassioppée Guay, Claudine Auger, Louise Demers, W Ben Mortenson, William C Miller, Dominique Gélinas-Bronsard, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: When trying to access interventions to improve their well-being and quality of life, family caregivers face many challenges. Internet-based interventions provide new and accessible opportunities to remotely support them and can contribute to reducing their burden. However, little is known about the link existing between the components, the use of behavior change techniques, and the outcomes of these Internet-based interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide an update on the best available evidence about the efficacy of Internet-based interventions for caregivers of older adults...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927999/swimming-induced-pulmonary-oedema-an-uncommon-condition-diagnosed-with-pocus-ultrasound
#15
Joaquín Valle Alonso, Motiur Chowdhury, Raju Borakati, Upali Gankande
Swimming Induced Pulmonary Edema, or SIPE, is an emerging condition occurring in otherwise healthy individuals during surface swimming or diving that is characterized by cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and hypoxemia. It is typically found in those who spend time in cold water exercise with heavy swimming and surface swimming, such as civilian training for iron Man, triathalon, and military training. We report the case of a highly trained young female swimmer in excellent cardiopulmonary health, who developed acute alveolar pulmonary oedema in an open water swimming training diagnosed in the emergency department using POCUS ultrasound...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926676/randomized-controlled-trial-of-increasing-physical-activity-on-objectively-measured-and-self-reported-cognitive-functioning-among-breast-cancer-survivors-the-memory-motion-study
#16
Sheri J Hartman, Sandahl H Nelson, Emily Myers, Loki Natarajan, Dorothy D Sears, Barton W Palmer, Lauren S Weiner, Barbara A Parker, Ruth E Patterson
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity can improve cognition in healthy and cognitively impaired adults; however, the benefits for cancer survivors are unknown. The current study examined a 12-week physical activity intervention, compared with a control condition, on objective and self-reported cognition among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Sedentary breast cancer survivors were randomized to an exercise arm (n = 43) or a control arm (n = 44). At baseline and at 12 weeks, objective cognition was measured with the National Institutes of Health Cognitive Toolbox, and self-reported cognition using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System scales...
September 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#17
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925889/physical-activity-does-it-really-increase-bone-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-review-of-articles-published-between-2001-2016
#18
Daria Segev, Devora Hellerstein, Ayelet Dunsky
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known for its many health benefits, among them the positive effect on bone health during the life cycle. During childhood, physical stress stimulates bone remodeling and increases density. However, due to hormonal changes during adulthood, and mainly during postmenopause the rate of bone remodeling is slowed and is less efficient. As a result, argument has arisen in the literature regarding the benefit or harm of physical activity on bone health among postmenopausal women...
September 18, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925009/efficacy-of-patients-preferred-exercise-modalities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-parallel-group-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Meng Wu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Shi Li, Su Zhao, Hui-Jun Fan, Jie-Min Sun, Xiao-Nan Li, Jian Luo, An-Qi Wang, Jian-Ping Wu, Xiaoying Li, Jin-Nong Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Physical exercise effectively improves health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, application of this medical intervention is problematic, due to poor adherence to the exercise program or unawareness of the significance of this intervention. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether COPD patients who adopted personal-preferred exercise modalities (PPEMs) for daily training would demonstrate sustained benefits due to improved adherence...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924423/vegan-diets-practical-advice-for-athletes-and-exercisers
#20
REVIEW
David Rogerson
With the growth of social media as a platform to share information, veganism is becoming more visible, and could be becoming more accepted in sports and in the health and fitness industry. However, to date, there appears to be a lack of literature that discusses how to manage vegan diets for athletic purposes. This article attempted to review literature in order to provide recommendations for how to construct a vegan diet for athletes and exercisers. While little data could be found in the sports nutrition literature specifically, it was revealed elsewhere that veganism creates challenges that need to be accounted for when designing a nutritious diet...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
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