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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528281/risk-of-stroke-among-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#1
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kai-Lin Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) had a higher prevalence of stroke-related risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. But, the association between BPD and subsequent stroke has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5969 borderline patients aged 18 years and older and 23,876 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up to the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526073/pulse-wave-velocity-and-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Stamatina Chorepsima, Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Anastasios Tentolouris, Ioannis Moyssakis, Athanasios Protogerou, Alexandros Kokkinos, Petros P Sfikakis, Nikolaos Tentolouris
BACKGROUND: Increased carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been associated with incident cardiovascular disease, independently of traditional risk factors. Cardiac autonomic dysfunction is a common complication of diabetes and has been associated with reduced aortic distensibility. However, the association of cardiac autonomic dysfunction with PWV is not known. In this study we examined the association between cardiac autonomic function and PWV in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
May 19, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523847/sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-risk-profiles-of-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-greater-cincinnati-northern-kentucky-stroke-study
#3
Tracy E Madsen, Jane C Khoury, Kathleen A Alwell, Charles J Moomaw, Stacie L Demel, Matthew L Flaherty, Daniel Woo, Jason Mackey, Felipe De Los Rios La Rosa, Sharyl Martini, Simona Ferioli, Opeolu Adeoye, Pooja Khatri, Brett M Kissela, Dawn Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare sex-specific associations between cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study (GCNKSS). METHODS: The GCNKSS ascertained AIS cases in 2005 and 2010 among adult (age ≥20 years) residents of a biracial population of 1.3 million. Past and current stroke risk factors were compared between those with and without DM using chi-square and multiple logistic regression to examine sex-specific profiles...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523523/serum-bilirubin-levels-are-negatively-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-and-normal-renal-function
#4
Tomislav Bulum, Martina Tomić, Lea Duvnjak
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggested that total serum bilirubin levels are negatively associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and nephropathy in patients with diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between serum total bilirubin levels and prevalence of DR in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) and normal renal function. METHODS: Study included 163 T1DM with normal renal function (urinary albumin excretion rate <30 mg/24 h, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 ml min(-1)1...
May 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523156/predictors-of-length-of-stay-and-duration-of-tracheal-intubation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#5
Vasileios Patris, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Mihalis Argiriou, Katerina K Naka, Efstratios Apostolakis, Mark Field, Manoj Kuduvalli, Aung Oo, Stavros Siminelakis
BACKGROUND: While short-term outcomes for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have long been studied, there is very little data on their predictors. We aimed to identify the predictors of outcomes, such as intensive care unit (ICU) and in-hospital length of stay (LOS), duration of postoperative intubation and in-hospital mortality, after TAVI procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 162 consecutive patients with aortic valve disease, who were admitted to a tertiary hospital of Liverpool for TAVI, during a five-year period...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522875/serum-uric-acid-is-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chinese-men
#6
Fengbin Gao, Boren Jiang, Zhen Cang, Ningjian Wang, Bing Han, Qin Li, Yi Chen, Yingchao Chen, Fangzhen Xia, Hualing Zhai, Chi Chen, Meng Lu, Ying Meng, Yingli Lu, Zhoujun Shen
The role that serum uric acid (UA) plays in the pathophysiological development of erectile dysfunction (ED) is controversial. We aimed to screen the factors related with ED, and to examine the association between serum UA and ED. Our data were derived from a cross-sectional Survey on Prevalence in East China for Metabolic Diseases and Risk Factors study in 2014-2015. Questionnaire of International Index of Erectile Dysfunction-5 was used for assessment of ED. Data were collected in three general communities respectively...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520876/geographic-information-systems-mapping-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-an-ocular-telemedicine-network
#7
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Philip McDaniel, Anthony Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Minimal information exists on the use of geographic information systems mapping for visualizing access barriers to eye care for patients with diabetes. Objective: To use geographic information systems mapping techniques to visualize (1) the locations of patients participating in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network, (2) the locations of primary care clinicians and ophthalmologists across the state, and (3) the travel times associated with traveling to the 5 primary care clinics in our study...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520833/evaluation-of-diabetic-retinal-screening-and-factors-for-ophthalmology-referral-in-a-telemedicine-network
#8
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Arkopal Choudhury, John S Preisser, Anthony J Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Retinal telescreening for evaluation of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the primary care setting may be useful in reaching rural and underserved patients. Objectives: To evaluate telemedicine retinal screenings for patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes and identify factors for ophthalmology referral in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network. Design, Setting, and Participants: A preimplementation and postimplementation evaluation was conducted from January 6, 2014, to November 1, 2015, at 5 primary care clinics serving rural and underserved populations in North Carolina among 1787 adult patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes who received primary care at the clinics and obtained retinal telescreening to determine the presence and severity of DR...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520087/geographic-variation-and-risk-factors-for-systemic-and-limb-ischemic-events-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease-insights-from-the-reach-registry
#9
Jérémie Abtan, Deepak L Bhatt, Yedid Elbez, Emmanuel Sorbets, Kim Eagle, Christopher M Reid, Iris Baumgartner, David Wu, Mary E Hanson, Hakima Hannachi, Puneet K Singhal, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Gregory Ducrocq
BACKGROUND: Patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) are at high risk of ischemic events. However, data about predictors of this risk are limited. HYPOTHESIS: We analyzed baseline characteristics and 4-year follow-up of patients enrolled in the international REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry with symptomatic PAD and no history of stroke/transient ischemic attack to describe annual rates of recurrent ischemic events globally and geographically...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516352/air-pollution-and-respiratory-health-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-subjects-in-pune-india-results-from-the-wellcome-trust-genetic-study
#10
Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie, Sundeep Santosh Salvi, Chittaranjan Sakerlal Yajnik, Ajay Ojha, Behzad Khafaie, Sharad Damodar Gore
Diabetics may be more vulnerable to the harmful effects of ambient air pollutants than healthy individuals. But, the risk factors that lead to susceptibility to air pollution in diabetics have not yet been identified. We examined the effect of exposure to ambient PM10 on chronic symptoms and the pulmonary function tests (PFT) in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Also, to investigate possible determinants of susceptibility, we recruited 400 type 2 diabetic and 465 healthy subjects who were investigated for chronic respiratory symptoms (CRSs) and then underwent measurement of forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume 1 (FEV1) according to standard protocol...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515742/the-use-of-intraoperative-epiaortic-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-patients-over-75-years-old-treated-with-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
Tomasz Niklewski, Michał Zembala, Dariusz Puszczewicz, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Marian Zembala
INTRODUCTION: Epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EAS) extended the use of ultrasound to the intraoperative diagnosis of aortic pathology. Surgical palpation of the ascending aorta underestimates the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaques. Epiaortic ultrasound scanning has been used as an adjunct to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or as a primary direct diagnostic tool for imaging the ascending aorta as well as the aortic arch, which gained prominence as part of a multipronged intraoperative strategy to reduce atherosclerotic emboli...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513624/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-malaysia-current-trends-and-risk-factors
#12
REVIEW
E-S Tee, R W K Yap
This review discussed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Malaysia and the associated major risk factors, namely overweight/obesity, dietary practices and physical activity in both adults and school children. Detailed analyses of such information will provide crucial information for the formulation and implementation of programmes for the control and prevention of T2DM in the country. National studies from 1996-2015, and other recent nation-wide studies were referred to. The current prevalence of DM in 2015 is 17...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513120/gestational-weight-gain-and-its-relationship-with-maternal-characteristics
#13
Yeela Borenstein Ben Naftali, Ido Solt, Lior Lowenstein, Irit Chermesh
BACKGROUND: Both high and insufficient weight gain during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. OBJECTIVES: To describe self-reported weight gain during pregnancy, assess the concurrence of this weight gain with issued recommendations, and investigate associations between lifestyle factors and weight gain. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 109 pregnant women hospitalized in one gynecological and obstetrics department completed questionnaires related to weight gain and lifestyle factors such as smoking, diet and exercise...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513114/when-cardioversion-may-be-complicated
#14
Marina Leitman, Vladimir Tyomkin, Eli Peleg, Therese Fuchs, Ziad Gabara, Zvi Vered
BACKGROUND: In recent years cardioversion of atrial fibrillation has become a routine procedure, enabling symptomatic functional improvement in most cases. However, some patients develop complications after cardioversion. Identifying these individuals is an important step toward improving patient outcome. OBJECTIVES: To characterize those patients who may not benefit from cardioversion or who may develop complications following cardioversion. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 186 episodes of cardioversion in 163 patients with atrial fibrillation who were admitted to our cardiology department between 2008 and 2013 based on their clinical and echocardiographic data...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513082/the-impact-of-osteoarthritis-on-difficulty-walking-a-population-based-study
#15
Lauren K King, Tetyana Kendzerska, Esther J Waugh, Gillian A Hawker
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) to walking difficulty. METHODS: A population cohort aged ≥55 years recruited from 1996-98 (n=28,451) completed a standardized questionnaire assessing demographics, health conditions, joint complaints and functional limitations, including difficulty walking in the past 3 months. Survey data were linked to health administrative databases; self-report and administrative data were used to identify health conditions...
May 17, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512162/increase-in-extracellular-hydration-status-after-initiating-peritoneal-dialysis-electively
#16
Kwanpeemai Panorchan, Andrew Davenport
Renal replacement therapy is designed to treat uremic symptoms and correct hypervolemia. We hypothesized that starting peritoneal dialysis (PD) should reduce overhydration, and we measured body composition and hydration status using bioimpedance in PD patients prior to training and then at the first assessment of peritoneal membrane function. We studied 100 consecutive patients with a planned start to PD, without peritoneal infections or mechanical catheter problems, mean age 54.7 ± 17.1 years, 57% male and 25% diabetic...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511740/the-association-between-cognitive-decline-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-older-puerto-rican-adults-with-diabetes
#17
Tyler Bell, Ana Luisa Dávila, Olivio Clay, Kyriakos S Markides, Ross Andel, Michael Crowe
BACKGROUND: Older Puerto Rican adults have particularly high risk of diabetes compared to the general US population. Diabetes is associated with both higher depressive symptoms and cognitive decline, but less is known about the longitudinal relationship between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in those with diabetes. This study investigated the association between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in older Puerto Rican adults with diabetes over a four-year period...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511695/absolute-and-relative-accelerometer-thresholds-for-determining-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-older-adults-the-generation-100-study
#18
Nina Zisko, Javaid Nauman, Silvana Bucher Sandbakk, Nils Petter Aspvik, Øyvind Salvesen, Trude Carlsen, Hallgeir Viken, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Ulrik Wisløff, Dorthe Stensvold
BACKGROUND: When assessing population adherence to physical activity (PA) recommendation using accelerometers, absolute intensity threshold definition is applied despite having limited validity in those with low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), who are unable to reach them (e.g older adults). Thus, PA thresholds relative to CRF may be an alternative approach. We compared the proportion of the older adults meeting the PA recommendation when PA is assessed using absolute versus sex-and-CRF-adjusted (relative) accelerometer thresholds and determined the association between relative versus absolute moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA) and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511199/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
Kerri Glassner, Hoda M Malaty, Bincy P Abraham
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been increasingly identified in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to determine risk factors of NAFLD in patients with IBD. METHODS: We examined 3 groups of patients: IBD + NAFLD, IBD only, and NAFLD only. Data on demographics, body mass index, duration of IBD, type of medication use, laboratory data, and metabolic risk factors were collected. RESULTS: A total of 168 patients between the ages 19 and 82 were evaluated, 56 patients in each group...
June 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511141/the-co-occurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-and-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-self-care-behaviors-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-diabetes
#20
Chia-Lin Li, Yi-Chen Chiu, Yuh-Bin Bai, Jen-Der Lin, Fiona Stanaway, Hsing-Yi Chang
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to investigate the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment in community dwelling older adults with diabetes and its relationship with specific diabetes self-care behaviors. METHODS: We analyzed data from two national samples of older adults (65years or older) with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (N=1034), who participated in the 2005 or 2009 National Health Interview Survey in Taiwan. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to assess cognitive function...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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