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"Peritoneal dialysis"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350174/automated-peritoneal-dialysis-could-rapidly-improve-left-heart-failure-by-increasing-peritoneal-dialysis-ultrafiltration-a-single-center-observational-clinical-study%C3%A2
#1
Cong Yang, Jixing Liu, Nirong Gong, Yanhong Lin, Yanfang He, Zhixiu Yi, Liping Hu, Jianping Jiang, Jun Ai
Ultrafiltration failure (UFF) is a major cause of water retention, left heart failure (LHF), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) failure. Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) might have better ultrafiltration (UF) than continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Here, we have studied whether short-term APD could increase UF and improve LHF. 47 patients were included in this study from December 1, 2015, to January 1, 2017. All patients had been treated with CAPD before they came to our center and were treated with APD in the hospital...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350172/comparison-of-dialysate-and-plasma-ntprobnp-in-prediction-of-clinical-outcomes-of%C3%A2-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-peritoneal-dialysis-patients%C3%A2
#2
Suleyman Koz, Idris Sahin, Mansur Kayatas, Sema Tulay Koz
BACKGROUND: Plasma level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (P-NTproBNP) is a useful marker in prediction of mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the predictive value of spent dialysate counterpart (D-NTproBNP) of plasma NTproBNP on mortality and dropout is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Simultaneous P-NTproBNP and D-NTproBNP assays were performed after an overnight dwell in 44 scheduled ambulatory PD patients. Patients were followed for ~ 47 months...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349637/association-between-keeping-home-records-of-catheter-exit-site-and-incidence-of-peritoneal-dialysis-related-infections
#3
Hidekazu Iida, Noriaki Kurita, Shino Fujimoto, Yuka Kamijo, Yoshitaka Ishibashi, Shingo Fukuma, Shunichi Fukuhara
PURPOSE: To prevent peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related infection, components of self-catheter care have been emphasized. However, studies on the effectiveness of home recording for the prevention of PD-related infections are limited. This study aimed to examine the association between keeping home records of catheter exit site and incidence of PD-related infections. METHODS: Home record books were submitted by patients undergoing PD. The proportion of days on which exit-site home recording was carried out for 120 days (0-100%) was obtained...
January 18, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348924/mortality-and-hospitalizations-in-intensive-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Anna Mathew, Jody-Ann McLeggon, Nirav Mehta, Samuel Leung, Valerie Barta, Thomas McGinn, Gihad Nesrallah
Background: Survival and hospitalization are critically important outcomes considered when choosing between intensive hemodialysis (HD), conventional HD, and peritoneal dialysis (PD). However, the comparative effectiveness of these modalities is unclear. Objective: We had the following aims: (1) to compare the association of mortality and hospitalization in patients undergoing intensive HD, compared with conventional HD or PD and (2) to appraise the methodological quality of the supporting evidence...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344470/aphasic-status-epilepticus-associated-with-uremia
#5
Min-Surk Kye, Jung-Ju Lee, Byung-Kun Kim, Ohyun Kwon, Jong Moo Park, Kyusik Kang, Woong-Woo Lee
Aphasic status epilepticus (ASE) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent aphasia without impairment of other cognitive functions. A 76-year-old woman with chronic kidney disease developed ASE after neglecting peritoneal dialysis. Magnetic resonance imaging failed to demonstrate an appropriate lesion. Electroencephalography demonstrated ictal discharges in the left frontotemporal leads. ASE disappeared after intravenous valproic acid and correction of uremia. This is the first case report of ASE in a patient with acute aggravation of uremia...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343697/effluent-and-serum-protein-n-glycosylation-is-associated-with-inflammation-and-peritoneal-membrane-transport-characteristics-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#6
Evelina Ferrantelli, Karima Farhat, Agnes L Hipgrave Ederveen, Karli R Reiding, Robert H J Beelen, Frans J van Ittersum, Manfred Wuhrer, Viktoria Dotz
Mass spectrometric glycomics was used as an innovative approach to identify biomarkers in serum and dialysate samples from peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. PD is a life-saving treatment worldwide applied in more than 100,000 patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. PD treatment uses the peritoneum as a natural membrane to exchange waste products from blood to a glucose-based solution. Daily exposure of the peritoneal membrane to these solutions may cause complications such as peritonitis, fibrosis and inflammation which, in the long term, lead to the failure of the treatment...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341248/are-kidney-transplantation-outcomes-improved-in-children-weighting-15-kilograms-or-less-in-the-last-decades
#7
George S Reusz, Miklos Z Molnar
As perinatal and postnatal care of neonates with impaired kidney function is constantly improving, the number of infants needing renal replacement therapy is increasing. Consequently, the general attitude of clinicians to offer renal replacement therapy (RRT) during the first year of life is changing gradually. The ideal renal replacement modality for children and adolescents is renal transplantation (RTX), as both the short-term and long-term medical complications of hemo- and peritoneal dialysis confer inferior survival rates compared to RTX to this patent group...
January 16, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340842/application-of-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-in-urgent-start-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-during-the-break-in-period
#8
Shengmao Liu, Xiaohua Zhuang, Min Zhang, Yanfeng Wu, Min Liu, Sibo Guan, Shujun Liu, Lining Miao, Wenpeng Cui
OBJECTIVE: Whether automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is a feasible strategy for urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy during the break-in period remains unclear. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy as well as complications among three PD modes during the break-in period. METHODS: Ninety-six patients treated with urgent-start PD after catheterization were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups, incremental continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) group (n = 26); APD group (n = 42); and APD-CAPD group (n = 28)...
January 16, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340308/noninfectious-peritoneal-dialysis-exit-site-rash-an-unusual-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Mohammed Siddiqui, Loretta Bradford, Jennifer Kaley, Gina Johnson, Kevin H Kim, Kristen Addis, Manisha Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336060/what-the-non-nephrologist-needs-to-know-about-dialysis
#10
Matt Foy, C John Sperati
The End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) program now serves approximately 675,000 individuals in the United States at a cost of $26.1 billion to the Medicare system. Given the size of this population, healthcare providers from all disciplines will deliver care to patients on dialysis. Mortality remains high among patients on chronic dialysis, with 42.3% surviving 5 years. As this is a vulnerable population, it is important in the care of ESRD patients that non-nephrologists have a working knowledge of issues germane to dialysis...
January 15, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330530/estimation-of-lean-body-mass-by-creatinine-kinetics-increases-the-prevalence-of-muscle-wasting-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-compared-to-bioimpedance
#11
Suree Yoowannakul, Andrew Davenport
Dialysis patients are at increased risk for muscle wasting, and time efficient screening tests are required for to allow for early detection. Creatinine kinetics have been advocated to estimate lean body mass (LBM) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and can be readily calculated in clinical practice from peritoneal dialysate effluent and urine collections. Bioimpedance is increasingly available, and we compared methods in 434 PD patients (55% men, 33.3% diabetics), mean age 55.2 ± 16.2 years. LBM was lower by creatinine kinetics (47...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326842/barriers-to-peritoneal-dialysis-in-aboriginal-patients
#12
Anna T Mathew, Joonho Park, Mala Sachdeva, Manish M Sood, Karen Yeates
Background: Aboriginal people in Canada have an unduly high burden of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and many live in rural settings. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a home-based dialysis modality that may provide a valuable alternative to in-center hemodialysis which is relatively underutilized by the Aboriginal population. Objective: We aim to assess the barriers to PD utilization in Aboriginal patients with ESKD. Design: This article is a prospective observational cohort study...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322409/tracking-competent-host-defence-to-chronic-inflammation-an-in-vivo-model-of-peritonitis
#13
Javier Uceda Fernandez, David Millrine, Simon A Jones
Anti-microbial host defence is dependent on the rapid recruitment of inflammatory cells to the site of infection, the elimination of invading pathogens, and the efficient resolution of inflammation so as to minimise damage to the host. The peritoneal cavity provides an easily accessible and physiologically relevant system where the delicate balance of these processes may be studied. Here, we describe murine models of peritoneal inflammation that enable studies of both competent anti-microbial immunity and inflammation associated tissue damage as a consequence of recurrent bacterial challenge...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319777/encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-case-report
#14
Gabriel Caetano Pereira, Igor Fiorese Vieira, Mateus Mazorra Coelho Vieira, Eliezer Moreno Romano, Luiz Eduardo Bersani Amado
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CDK) can develop several diseases caused by the renal replacement therapy. Here we report a rare complication of peritoneal dialysis, the encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) in which the peritoneal tissue is gradually replaced by fibrous tissue. The patient in question, after late loss of renal graft and conversion to peritoneal dialysis, evolved with multiple hospitalizations for spontaneous bacterial infections, in recent admission, he was diagnosed with sub-occlusive abdomen secondary to the EPS...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319771/peritoneal-dialysis-as-the-first-dialysis-treatment-option-initially-unplanned
#15
Marcela Lara Mendes, Camila Albuquerque Alves, Edwa Maria Bucuvic, Dayana Bitencourt Dias, Daniela Ponce
Most patients with stage 5 CKD start RRT of unplanned manner. Unplanned dialysis, also known as urgent start, may be defined as hemodialysis (HD) started without permanent vascular access, i.e., using a central venous catheter (CVC), or as peritoneal dialysis (PD) started within seven days after implantation of the catheter, without family training. Although few studies have evaluated the PD as an immediate treatment option for patients starting urgent RRT, theirs results suggest that it is a feasible and safe alternative, with infectious complications and survival similar to patients treated with unplanned HD...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319023/laparoscopy-for-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-placement-and-management-of-malfunctioning-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter
#16
Pankaj N Maheshwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319017/laparoscopically-assisted-insertion-of-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter
#17
Jurij Janež
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a generally accepted method for treatment of patients with the end-stage renal disease. A larger proportion of PD patients transfer to haemodialysis every year than the converse. Many of the underlying causes of transfer to haemodialysis are preventable. Infectious complications still remain the most common reason for transfer of PD patients to haemodialysis, catheter-related problems are the second most common cause. For PD to be effective it is very important to provide a quality peritoneal access with the insertion of PD catheter with minimum complications...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316279/bowel-health-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patient-perceptions-differ-from-clinical-definitions
#18
Claire Trimingham, Stephen McDonald, Kathryn Dansie, Shilpa Jesudason, Randall Faull, Phil Clayton, Grace Liew, Richard Le Leu, Anthony Meade
BACKGROUND: The bowel health of those with chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be affected by medications, fluid/dietary allowances, reduced activity and pre-existing medical conditions. Patient perceptions of their bowel health can differ from those of health care professionals and the burden of gastrointestinal symptoms could be inaccurately reported. METHODS: Adults with CKD, including those undergoing haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplant from four South Australian hospitals enrolled in the study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316017/a-comparison-of-graft-and-patient-outcomes-following-kidney-transplantation-in-extended-hour-and-conventional-haemodialysis-patients
#19
Emily J See, Carmel M Hawley, Yeoungjee Cho, Nigel D Toussaint, John Wm Agar, Elaine M Pascoe, Wai H Lim, Ross S Francis, Michael G Collins, David W Johnson
AIM: Differences in early graft function between kidney transplant recipients previously managed with either haemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis are well described. However, only two single-centre studies have compared graft and patient outcomes between extended hour and conventional HD patients, with conflicting results. METHODS: This study compared the outcomes of all extended hour (≥24 hours/week) and conventional HD patients transplanted in Australia and New Zealand between 2000 and 2014...
January 8, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315136/renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-critically-ill-child
#20
Claire A Westrope, Sarah Fleming, Melpo Kapetanstrataki, Roger C Parslow, Kevin P Morris
OBJECTIVES: Although renal replacement therapy is widely used in critically ill children, there have been few comprehensive population-based studies of its use. This article describes renal replacement therapy use, and associated outcomes, in critically ill children across the United Kingdom in the largest cohort study of this patient group. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using prospectively collected data. SETTING: Data from the Pediatric Intensive Care Audit Network database which collects data on all children admitted to U...
January 8, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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