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Eating Assessment Tool EAT 10

Haruyo Matsuo, Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Naoki Ishizaki, Tsuyoshi Ueno
AIM: Physical function is considered to be associated with dysphagia: however, there is little data regarding the association between dysphagia and functional decline during hospitalization among older patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of dysphagia, and the association between dysphagia and functional status during hospitalization in older acute-care patients. METHODS: A total of 103 older patients without present or prior history of diseases that could directly impair swallowing and cause dysphagia (45 men and 58 women; mean age 80...
December 1, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
R Cordier, A Joosten, P Clavé, A Schindler, M Bülow, N Demir, S Serel Arslan, R Speyer
Early and reliable screening for oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) symptoms in at-risk populations is important and a crucial first stage in effective OD management. The Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) is a commonly utilized screening and outcome measure. To date, studies using classic test theory methodologies report good psychometric properties, but the EAT-10 has not been evaluated using item response theory (e.g., Rasch analysis). The aim of this multisite study was to evaluate the internal consistency and structural validity and conduct a preliminary investigation of the cross-cultural validity of the EAT-10; floor and ceiling effects were also checked...
November 21, 2016: Dysphagia
Katherine N Adams, Rupali N Shah, Robert A Buckmire
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Complete pharyngoesophageal strictures may be encountered by the otolaryngologist as a consequence of radiation/chemoradiotherapy therapies for head and neck cancer. A combined anterograde and retrograde dilation procedure (rendezvous procedure) has proven to be a useful surgical intervention in these cases. We assess the long-term swallowing outcomes of this patient cohort including gastrostomy tube (G-tube) reliance, swallowing quality of life, and variables that contribute to improved swallowing outcomes...
September 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
Hiromi Chiba, Shinichiro Nagamitsu, Rieko Sakurai, Takayo Mukai, Hiroko Shintou, Kenshi Koyanagi, Yushiro Yamashita, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Naohisa Uchimura, Toyojiro Matsuishi
Eating disorders (ED) are serious psychosomatic disorders that commonly occur in girls during adolescence. An increase in earlier onset ED has recently been suggested. Therefore, accurate assessment of eating attitudes in children is a necessary part of school mental health. The 26-item Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT-26) is widely used internationally to assess abnormal eating attitudes. The present study aimed to validate the Japanese version of the ChEAT-26. Participants were 7076 school children (aged 10-15years) from large, medium-sized, and small cities, and 44 children with anorexia nervosa...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa Anne Martin
The aim of this research was to explore the relationship of total energy and macronutrient intake, energy balance and energy availability to eating attitudes and cognitive restraint in students enrolled in undergraduate nutrition degrees. Energy and micronutrient intake was assessed in 63 students (n = 50 nutrition, and n = 13 occupation therapy degrees; n = 51 females, n = 12 males) using three 24-h dietary recalls. Energy requirements were calculated based on measured resting metabolic rate, estimated exercise energy expenditure, and dietary induced thermogenesis...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
Giuseppe Iacomino, Paola Russo, Ilaria Stillitano, Fabio Lauria, Pasquale Marena, Wolfgang Ahrens, Pasquale De Luca, Alfonso Siani
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the modulation of gene expression and in the control of numerous cell functions. Alterations of miRNA patterns frequently occur in cancer and metabolic disorders, including obesity. Recent studies showed remarkable stability of miRNAs in both plasma and serum making them suitable as potential circulating biomarkers for a variety of diseases and conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the profile of circulating miRNAs expressed in plasma samples of overweight or obese (OW/Ob) and normal weight (NW) prepubertal children from a European cohort (www...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
Loni C Arrese, Ricardo Carrau, Emily K Plowman
The Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10) represents a validated, easy to administer patient report dysphagia severity scale. Although its ability to detect swallowing impairment has been investigated in other patient populations, the utility of this instrument in individuals with head and neck cancer (HNC) has not been studied. The aim of the current investigation was to determine the relationship between patient ratings of swallowing impairment (EAT-10) and objective clinical ratings of swallow physiology in individuals with HNC...
August 18, 2016: Dysphagia
Rebecca J Howell, Mariah B Pate, Stacey L Ishman, Tova F Isseroff, Adam D Rubin, Ahmed M Soliman, Gregory N Postma, Michael J Pitman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate clinical indications and endoscopic findings for patients undergoing transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multi-institutional, observational cohort study at four tertiary centers. METHODS: Demographics, reflux finding score, reflux symptom index, Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) scores, clinical indications, and endoscopic findings were compared among patients whose TNE findings resulted in a changes in management (FCIM), defined as a referral, new medication, or surgery recommendation...
August 17, 2016: Laryngoscope
T L Schumacher, T L Burrows, M E Rollo, L G Wood, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Limited dietary intake tools have been validated specifically for hyperlipidaemic adults. The Australian Eating Survey (AES) Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) was adapted to include foods with cardio-protective properties (CVD-AES). The aims were to estimate dietary fatty acid (FA) intakes derived from the CVD-AES and AES and compare them with red blood cell (RBC) membrane FA content. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary intake was measured using the semi-quantitative 120-item AES and 177-item CVD-AES...
August 10, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
J A Silvester, L A Graff, L Rigaux, J R Walker, D R Duerksen
BACKGROUND: A gluten-free diet is the only recommended treatment for coeliac disease. AIM: To determine the prevalence and characteristics of reactions to gluten among persons with coeliac disease on a gluten-free diet. METHODS: Adults with biopsy proven, newly diagnosed coeliac disease were prospectively enrolled. A survey related to diet adherence and reactions to gluten was completed at study entry and 6 months. The Coeliac Symptom Index, Coeliac Diet Assessment Tool (CDAT) and Gluten-Free Eating Assessment Tool (GF-EAT) were used to measure coeliac disease symptoms and gluten-free diet adherence...
September 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Numan Demir, Selen Serel Arslan, Özgü İnal, A Ayşe Karaduman
The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Turkish Eating Assessment Tool (T-EAT-10) among patients with swallowing disorders. One hundred and five patients completed the T-EAT-10 and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS). The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and criterion validity of T-EAT-10 were investigated. The internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value with 95 % confidence intervals was calculated for test-retest reliability...
October 2016: Dysphagia
Jenny Vilchis-Gil, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Ximena Duque, Samuel Flores-Huerta
BACKGROUND: The obesity pandemic has now reached children, and households should change their lifestyles to prevent it. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the effect of a comprehensive intervention on body mass index z-score (BMIZ) in schoolchildren. METHODS: A yearlong study was conducted at 4 elementary schools in Mexico City. Intervention group (IG) and control group (CG) were split equally between governmental and private schools. Three educational in-person parents and children sessions were held at 2-month intervals to promote healthy eating habits and exercise...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Tanja Sobko, Michael Tse, Matthew Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Promotion of healthy lifestyles in children focuses predominantly on proper nutrition and physical activity, elements now widely recognised as essential for a healthy life. Systematic reviews have shown that nature-related activities also enhance general well-being as reflected in increased physical activity, a healthier diet, reduced stress and better sleep. Recent research suggests that many young children in Hong Kong between the ages of two and four in Hong Kong are more sedentary than recommended and seldom participate in active play, placing them at risk of becoming overweight or obese...
2016: BMC Public Health
Julie T Schaefer, Melissa D Zullo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to develop and assess the construct validity of a tool to measure knowledge, attitudes and practices of registered dietitians/nutritionists (RD/N) regarding an intuitive eating lifestyle. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design that utilized a survey administered to a random sample and remaining full population of RD/N. SETTING: A national survey conducted via online survey software. SUBJECTS: A random sample of 10 % of all RD/N in the USA (n 8834) was invited to participate...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Daniel J Cates, Naren N Venkatesan, Brandon Strong, Maggie A Kuhn, Peter C Belafsky
OBJECTIVE: The effect of vocal fold medialization (VFM) on vocal improvement in persons with unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) is well established. The effect of VFM on the symptom of dysphagia is uncertain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate dysphagia symptoms in patients with UVFI pre- and post-VFM. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Academic tertiary care medical center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The charts of 44 persons with UVFI who underwent VFM between June 1, 2013, and December 31, 2014, were abstracted from a prospectively maintained database at the University of California, Davis, Voice and Swallowing Center...
September 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Denise Jantine Dute, Wanda Jose Erika Bemelmans, João Breda
BACKGROUND: European adolescents and students tend to have low levels of physical activity and eat unhealthy foods, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased, which poses a public health challenge. Mobile apps play an important role in their daily lives, suggesting their potential to be used in health-promoting strategies. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to explore how mobile apps can contribute to the promotion of healthy nutrition, physical activity, and prevention of overweight in adolescents and students...
May 5, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Yu-Chang Chang, Chao-Yun Chi, Chia-Jung Lee
Killian-Jamieson diverticulum (KJD) is a rare cervical esophageal abnormality. Transcervical approach has been the main treatment modality to prevent recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury. We presented two cases of patients confirmed with KJD and were managed successfully under rigid endoscope. The new technique and idea were described in detail. Under rigid laryngoscope, the septum between the true esophagus lumen and diverticulum can be exposed clearly. A microscope equipped with CO2 LASER system offered precise and focused point cutting energy to the septum...
May 5, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Theodore D Koreckij, Abigail A Davidson, Kevin C Baker, Daniel K Park
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of retropharyngeal steroids on postoperative dysphagia scores and clinical outcomes following multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dysphagia is a well-known complication following ACDF surgery and increased rates of dysphagia are seen with increased levels of surgery. Retropharyngeal steroids have been shown to decrease painful swallowing and prevertebral soft tissue (PSTS) swelling in 1- and 2-level anterior cervical surgery...
May 2016: Spine
Katherine A Kendall, Julia Ellerston, Amanda Heller, Daniel R Houtz, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson
Quantitative, reliable measures of swallowing physiology can be made from an modified barium swallowing study. These quantitative measures have not been previously employed to study large dysphagic patient populations. The present retrospective study of 139 consecutive patients with dysphagia seen in a university tertiary voice and swallowing clinic sought to use objective measures of swallowing physiology to (1) quantify the most prevalent deficits seen in the patient population, (2) identify commonly associated diagnoses and describe the most prevalent swallowing deficits, and (3) determine any correlation between objective deficits and Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) scores and body mass index...
August 2016: Dysphagia
R Kipping, R Jago, C Metcalfe, J White, A Papadaki, R Campbell, W Hollingworth, D Ward, S Wells, R Brockman, A Nicholson, L Moore
INTRODUCTION: Systematic reviews have identified the lack of intervention studies with young children to prevent obesity. This feasibility study examines the feasibility and acceptability of adapting the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) intervention in the UK to inform a full-scale trial. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial in 12 nurseries in England, with 6 randomly assigned to the adapted NAP SACC UK intervention: nursery staff will receive training and support from an NAP SACC UK Partner to review the nursery environment (nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviours and oral health) and set goals for making changes...
2016: BMJ Open
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