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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#1
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901036/the-effects-of-policy-actions-to-improve-population-dietary-patterns-and-prevent-diet-related-non-communicable-diseases-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
L Hyseni, M Atkinson, H Bromley, L Orton, F Lloyd-Williams, R McGill, S Capewell
Poor diet generates a bigger non-communicable disease (NCD) burden than tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity combined. We reviewed the potential effectiveness of policy actions to improve healthy food consumption and thus prevent NCDs. This scoping review focused on systematic and non-systematic reviews and categorised data using a seven-part framework: price, promotion, provision, composition, labelling, supply chain, trade/investment and multi-component interventions. We screened 1805 candidate publications and included 58 systematic and non-systematic reviews...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873090/evaluating-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-eat-10-using-rasch-analysis
#3
R Cordier, A Joosten, P Clavé, A Schindler, M Bülow, N Demir, S Serel Arslan, R Speyer
Early and reliable screening for oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) symptoms in at-risk populations is important and a crucial first stage in effective OD management. The Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) is a commonly utilized screening and outcome measure. To date, studies using classic test theory methodologies report good psychometric properties, but the EAT-10 has not been evaluated using item response theory (e.g., Rasch analysis). The aim of this multisite study was to evaluate the internal consistency and structural validity and conduct a preliminary investigation of the cross-cultural validity of the EAT-10; floor and ceiling effects were also checked...
November 21, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847934/prevalence-of-depressive-disorders-in-professional-drivers-epidemiologic-subanalysis-of-the-racer-study
#4
Anna E Platek, Filip M Szymanski, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Krzysztof Ozieranski, Marcin Kotkowski, Agata Tyminska, Robert Kowalik, Grzegorz Karpinski, Grzegorz Opolski, Racer Steering Committee And Investigators
OBJECTIVES: Professional drivers of the public transportation are one of the occupational groups exposed to very poor working conditions. Factors such as low physical activity, irregular working hours, poor eating habits and excessive stress at work, have a negative impact on cardiovascular risk and promote the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of depression and work-related stress in a group of drivers from the RACER (Risk of Adverse Cardiovascular Events among professional dRivers in Poland - development of specific cardiovascular preventive program) study population...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835960/parent-child-associations-for-changes-in-diet-screen-time-and-physical-activity-across-two-decades-in-modernizing-china-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1991-2009
#5
Fei Dong, Annie Green Howard, Amy H Herring, Amanda L Thompson, Linda S Adair, Barry M Popkin, Allison E Aiello, Bing Zhang, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While the household context is important for lifestyle behavior interventions, few studies have examined parent-child associations for diet and physical activity (PA) changes over time in a rapidly urbanizing country. We aimed to investigate changes in diet, screen time, and PA behaviors over time in children and their parents living in the same household, and examine the parent-child association for these behaviors. METHODS: We studied dietary, screen time, and PA behaviors in 5,201 parent-child pairs (children aged 7-17y) using longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825940/binge-eating-behaviours-and-food-cravings-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Y M Jeanes, S Reeves, E L Gibson, C Piggott, V A May, K H Hart
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine condition in women, is often anecdotally associated with binge eating behaviours and food cravings; however there is a paucity of research. This study aimed to report the prevalence of binge eating and food cravings and their relation to obesity risk in women with PCOS. Participants completed an online survey including the Bulimia Investigatory Test, Edinburgh, Food Cravings-Trait Questionnaire and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire revised-18. The study included obese (n = 340), overweight (n = 70) and lean (n = 45) women with PCOS and lean healthy women (n = 40)...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792162/disordered-eating-behaviors-and-food-addiction-among-nutrition-major-college-students
#7
Zhiping Yu, Michael Tan
Evidence of whether nutrition students are free from food-related issues or at higher risk for eating disorders is inconsistent. This study aimed to assess disordered eating behaviors and food addiction among nutrition and non-nutrition major college students. Students (n = 967, ages 18-25, female 72.7%, white 74.8%) enrolled at a public university completed online demographic characteristics surveys and validated questionnaires measuring specific disordered eating behaviors. Academic major category differences were compared...
October 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770327/efficacy-of-indigenous-probiotic-lactobacillus-strains-to-reduce-cadmium-bioaccessibility%C3%A2-an-in-vitro-digestion-model
#8
Narendra Kumar, Vijay Kumar, Rohit Panwar, Chand Ram
The toxic heavy metal cadmium (Cd) appears as one of the major global threats to human and animal health. Human being and aquatic life are exposed to Cd by breathing, eating, or drinking when industrial effluents released into environment. The study was aimed to identify cadmium-binding Lactobacillus strain to reduce its bioaccessibility in in vitro digestion model. In this context, forty-eight lactobacilli strains isolated and characterized from fermented dairy products and human origin were screened for their Cd biosorption potential using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS)...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699761/strategies-to-improve-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-physical-activity-and-obesity-prevention-policies-practices-or-programmes-within-childcare-services
#9
REVIEW
Luke Wolfenden, Jannah Jones, Christopher M Williams, Meghan Finch, Rebecca J Wyse, Melanie Kingsland, Flora Tzelepis, John Wiggers, Amanda J Williams, Kirsty Seward, Tameka Small, Vivian Welch, Debbie Booth, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of effective interventions and best-practice guideline recommendations for childcare services to implement policies, practices and programmes to promote child healthy eating, physical activity and prevent unhealthy weight gain, many services fail to do so. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the review was to examine the effectiveness of strategies aimed at improving the implementation of policies, practices or programmes by childcare services that promote child healthy eating, physical activity and/or obesity prevention...
October 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669980/lack-of-sleep-as-a-contributor-to-obesity-in-adolescents-impacts-on-eating-and-activity-behaviors
#10
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Caroline Dutil
BACKGROUND: Sleep is an important contributor to physical and mental health; however, chronic sleep deprivation has become common in adolescents, especially on weekdays. Adolescents aged 14-17 years are recommended to sleep between 8 and 10 h per night to maximize overall health and well-being. Although sleep needs may vary between individuals, sleep duration recommendations are important for surveillance and help inform policies, interventions, and the population of healthy sleep behaviors...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606639/relationship-between-genetic-and-environmental-factors-and-hypercholesterolemia-in-children
#11
Jorge A Robledo, Leonardo J Siccardi
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric hypercholesterolemia has increased over the past decades. Knowing the environmental and genetic factors that have an impact on it would allow establishing more adequate screening guidelines. OBJETIVES: To determine if there is an association between genetic and environmental factors and hypercholesterolemia in children. To assess the predictive qualities of outcome measures associated with hypercholesterolemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, analytical, cross-sectional study...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578294/pragmatic-cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-free-telephone-based-health-coaching-program-to-support-women-in-managing-weight-gain-during-pregnancy-the-get-healthy-in-pregnancy-trial
#12
Vanessa Clements, Kit Leung, Santosh Khanal, Jane Raymond, Michelle Maxwell, Chris Rissel
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain can result in poor maternal and child health outcomes. Estimates from single studies indicate the prevalence of excessive gestational weight gain in Australia could lie between 38 and 67 %. The risk of excessive weight gain can be reduced through healthy eating and exercise. We describe the rationale and methods of the Get Healthy in Pregnancy Service, a trial service which aims to support women in achieving appropriate gestational weight gain through an existing telephone-based health coaching service...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573461/at-the-crossroads-of-autophagy-and-infection-noncanonical-roles-for-atg-proteins-in-viral-replication
#13
Tina Solvik, Jayanta Debnath
Autophagy-related (ATG) proteins have increasingly demonstrated functions other than cellular self-eating. In this issue, Mauthe et al. (2016. J. Cell Biol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201602046) conduct an unbiased RNA interference screen of the ATG proteome to reveal numerous noncanonical roles for ATG proteins during viral infection.
August 29, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551310/circulating-micrornas-are-deregulated-in-overweight-obese-children-preliminary-results-of-the-i-family-study
#14
Giuseppe Iacomino, Paola Russo, Ilaria Stillitano, Fabio Lauria, Pasquale Marena, Wolfgang Ahrens, Pasquale De Luca, Alfonso Siani
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the modulation of gene expression and in the control of numerous cell functions. Alterations of miRNA patterns frequently occur in cancer and metabolic disorders, including obesity. Recent studies showed remarkable stability of miRNAs in both plasma and serum making them suitable as potential circulating biomarkers for a variety of diseases and conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the profile of circulating miRNAs expressed in plasma samples of overweight or obese (OW/Ob) and normal weight (NW) prepubertal children from a European cohort (www...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515790/food-sources-of-free-sugars-in-children-s-diet-and-identification-of-lifestyle-patterns-associated-with-free-sugars-intake-the-greco-greek-childhood-obesity-study
#15
Paul Farajian, Grigoris Risvas, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Antonis Zampelas
OBJECTIVE: Excessive free sugars consumption has a possible role in health issues, diet quality and obesity development. The present cross-sectional study aimed to identify the major food sources of free sugars in Greek children's diet and investigate possible associations of dietary patterns with free sugars intake. DESIGN: Anthropometric measurements and information on dietary and physical activity habits were obtained. Energy and free sugars intake coming from foods were estimated and principal components analysis was applied to identify dietary patterns...
September 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488845/effects-of-physically-effective-neutral-detergent-fiber-content-on-intake-digestibility-and-chewing-activity-in-fattening-heifer-fed-total-mixed-ration
#16
Mi Rae Oh, Heeok Hong, Hong Liang Li, Byong Tae Jeon, Cheong Hee Choi, Yu Ling Ding, Yu Jiao Tang, Eun Kyung Kim, Se Young Jang, Hye Jin Seong, Sang Ho Moon
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) content in total mixed ration (TMR) on dry matter intake, digestibility, and chewing activity in fattening Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) heifers. The experiment was designed as a replicated 3×3 Latin square using 12 heifers. Fattening heifers were offered one of three diets [high (T1), medium (T2), and low (T3) peNDF] obtained by different mixing times (3, 10, and 25 min) for the same TMR feed. The peNDF content of TMR was determined by multiplying the proportion of dry matter retained by a 1...
December 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486542/development-of-the-7-item-binge-eating-disorder-screener-beds-7
#17
Barry K Herman, Linda S Deal, Dana B DiBenedetti, Lauren Nelson, Sheri E Fehnel, T Michelle Brown
OBJECTIVE: Develop a brief, patient-reported screening tool designed to identify individuals with probable binge-eating disorder (BED) for further evaluation or referral to specialists. METHODS: Items were developed on the basis of the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, existing tools, and input from 3 clinical experts (January 2014). Items were then refined in cognitive debriefing interviews with participants self-reporting BED characteristics (March 2014) and piloted in a multisite, cross-sectional, prospective, noninterventional study consisting of a semistructured diagnostic interview (to diagnose BED) and administration of the pilot Binge-Eating Disorder Screener (BEDS), Binge Eating Scale (BES), and RAND 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (RAND-36) (June 2014-July 2014)...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448619/approach-to-the-patient-with-mild-crohn-s-disease-a-2016-update
#18
REVIEW
Frank I Scott, Gary R Lichtenstein
Mild Crohn's disease (CD) is classified as those patients who are ambulatory, with <10 % weight loss, are eating and drinking without abdominal mass, tenderness, obstructive symptoms, or fever, and endoscopically they have non-progressive mild findings. Initial evaluation of mild CD should focus on assessment for high-risk features requiring more aggressive therapy. In contrast to moderate-to-severe disease, where therapy is focused on mucosal healing, the management of mild CD is focused on symptom management, while exposing the individual to minimal therapeutic risks...
September 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419020/intended-care-seeking-for-ovarian-cancer-symptoms-among-u-s-women
#19
Crystale Purvis Cooper, Cynthia A Gelb, Katrina F Trivers, Sherri L Stewart
To investigate U.S. women's intended care seeking for symptoms associated with ovarian cancer, data from the 2012 HealthStyles Fall survey of U.S. adults were examined. Analyses were limited to women with no history of gynecologic cancer (N = 1726). Logistic regression models for intended care seeking within 2 weeks of symptom onset were developed. A minority of women recognized that unexplained pelvic or abdominal pain (29.9%), unexplained bloating (18.1%), and feeling full after eating a small amount of food (10...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357496/disturbed-eating-behaviors-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-how-to-screen-for-yellow-flags-in-clinical-practice
#20
Minke Ma Eilander, Maartje de Wit, Joost Rotteveel, Henk Jan Aanstoot, Willie M Bakker-van Waarde, Euphemia Cam Houdijk, Roos Nuboer, Per Winterdijk, Frank J Snoek
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with type 1 diabetes are at an increased risk of disturbed eating behaviors (DEBs). OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to (i) explore the prevalence of DEBs and associated 'yellow flags', and (ii) establish concordance between adolescents-parents and adolescents-clinicians with respect to DEBs. METHODS: Adolescents (11-16 yr) and parents completed questionnaires. A stepwise approach was used to assess DEBs: only adolescents whose answers raised psychological yellow flags for DEBs completed the Diabetes Eating Problems Scale - Revised and questions from the AHEAD study...
June 30, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
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