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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494499/evaluation-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-patients-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-by-echocardiography-and-its-correlation-with-intimal-medial-thickness-of-carotid-artery
#1
Zihang Wang, Yuhong Zhang, Weiwei Liu, Benli Su
The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of echocardiography in measuring the thickness of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) of the patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its correlation with the intimal-medial thickness of the carotid artery (cIMT) to investigate the relationship between EAT and cIMT. 68 patients of T2DM were enrolled and were divided into 2 groups: group of T2DM with duration≤10 years (35 cases) and group of T2DM with duration>10 years (33 cases). And 30 healthy subjects were enrolled as the control group...
May 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462567/screen-time-by-different-devices-in-adolescents-association-with-physical-inactivity-domains-and-eating-habits
#2
Leandro D Delfino, Diego A Dos Santos Silva, William R Tebar, Edner F Zanuto, Jamile S Codogno, Rômulo A Fernandes, Diego G Christofaro
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviors in adolescents are associated with using screen devices, analyzed as the total daily time in television viewing, using the computer and video game. However, an independent and clustered analysis of devices allows greater understanding of associations with physical inactivity domains and eating habits in adolescents. METHODS: Sample of adolescents aged 10-17 years (n=1011) from public and private schools, randomly selected. The use of screen devices was measured by hours per week spent in each device: TV, computer, videogames and mobile phone/tablet...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458717/child-and-adolescent-behavior-inventory-cabi-standardization-for-age-6-17-years-and-first-clinical-application
#3
Carlo Cianchetti, Marcello Pasculli, Andrea Pittau, Maria Grazia Campus, Valeria Carta, Roberta Littarru, Giuseppina Sannio Fancello, Alessandro Zuddas, Maria Giuseppina Ledda
BACKGROUND: The Child and Adolescent Behavior Inventory (CABI) is a questionnaire designed to collect information from the parents of children and adolescents, both for the preparation of screening and epidemiological studies and for clinical evaluation. It has been published in CPEMH in 2013, with the first data on 8-10 years old school children. Here we report an extended standardization on a school population 6-17 years old and the first results of the application in a clinical sample...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449658/the-effect-of-an-online-video-intervention-movie-models-on-specific-parenting-practices-and-parental-self-efficacy-related-to-children-s-physical-activity-screen-time-and-healthy-diet-a-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Sara De Lepeleere, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Greet Cardon, Maïté Verloigne
BACKGROUND: In children, being sufficiently physically active, having low levels of screen-time and having a healthy diet are largely influenced by parenting practices. Children of parents applying positive parenting practices are at lower risk for overweight and obesity. Therefore, we investigated the effect of a health promoting online video intervention for parents ('Movie Models') on children's physical activity (PA), screen-time and healthy diet, and on specific parenting practices and parental self-efficacy related to these parenting practices...
April 27, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436084/defining-significant-weight-loss-in-atypical-anorexia-nervosa
#5
K Jean Forney, Tiffany A Brown, Lauren A Holland-Carter, Grace A Kennedy, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Atypical anorexia nervosa (AAN) is defined by the symptoms of anorexia nervosa in the presence of "significant weight loss" in individuals who are not underweight. Description of current weight in AAN has been limited, significant weight loss has not been defined, and the distinction between having AAN versus having weight suppression has not been examined. METHOD: Secondary analyses were conducted with data from an epidemiological study of women (n = 1,640) and men (n = 794)...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381213/assessing-junk-food-consumption-among-australian-children-trends-and-associated-characteristics-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
S Boylan, L L Hardy, B A Drayton, A Grunseit, S Mihrshahi
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous supply of junk foods in our food environment has been partly blamed for the increased rates in overweight and obesity. However, consumption of these foods has generally been examined individually perhaps obscuring the true extent of their combined consumption and impact on health. An overall measure of children's junk food consumption may prove useful in the development of child obesity prevention strategies. We describe the development of a children's Junk Food Intake Measure (JFIM) to summarise temporal change in junk food consumption and examine the association between the JFIM and health-related behaviours...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365476/secretive-eating-among-youth-with-overweight-or-obesity
#8
Andrea E Kass, Denise E Wilfley, Kamryn T Eddy, Kerri N Boutelle, Nancy Zucker, Carol B Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Angela Celio-Doyle, Andrea B Goldschmidt
PURPOSE: Secretive eating, characterized by eating privately to conceal being seen, may reflect eating- and/or body-related shame, be associated with depression, and correlate with binge eating, which predicts weight gain and eating disorder onset. Increasing understanding of secretive eating in youth may improve weight status and reduce eating disorder risk. This study evaluated the prevalence and correlates of secretive eating in youth with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Youth (N = 577) presented to five research/clinical institutions...
March 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359235/halving-your-cake-and-eating-it-too-a-case-based-discussion-and-review-of-metabolic-rehabilitation-for-obese-adults-with-diabetes
#9
R Bishay, N Kormas
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of obesity will see normal weight adults constituting a mere one-third of the global population by 2025. Although appetite and weight are regulated by a complex integration of neurological, endocrine and gastrointestinal feedback mechanisms, there is a constant interaction between psychological state, physical impairment, presence of comorbid chronic disease and medications. METHODS: We discuss two cases and reveal a practical approach to investigating and managing patients with obesity and diabetes in the 'real world'...
March 29, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350753/what-to-eat-and-drink-in-the-festive-season-a-pan-european-observational-cross-sectional-study
#10
Helen L Parker, Jelena Curcic, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Michael Hollenstein, Werner Schwizer, Edoardo Savarino, Mark Fox
BACKGROUND: Digestive discomfort after meals is common in the community, especially during the festive season. It is uncertain whether this is related to intake of either high-calorie or high-fat foods or, alternatively, intake of specific foods. This prospective, cross-sectional study tested the hypothesis that the risk of reflux or dyspepsia is associated with the fat content of the meal independent of caloric load in a 'real-life' setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four festive meals were served to delegates attending a conference on four consecutive days...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335729/study-protocol-for-the-sofia-project-swallowing-function-oral-health-and-food-intake-in-old-age-a-descriptive-study-with-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#11
Patricia Hägglund, Lena Olai, Katri Ståhlnacke, Mona Persenius, Mary Hägg, Maria Andersson, Susanne Koistinen, Eva Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Extensive studies have shown that older people are negatively impacted by impaired eating and nutrition. The abilities to eat, enjoy food, and participate in social activities associated with meals are important aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after illness. This project aims to (i) describe and analyze relationships between oral health and oral HRQoL, swallowing ability, eating ability, and nutritional risk among older individuals admitted to short-term care; (ii) compare the perceptions that older individuals and staff report on care quality related to oral hygiene and eating; and (iii) study the feasibility and effects of a training program for people with impaired swallowing (i...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321980/relationship-between-food-insecurity-child-weight-status-and-parent-reported-child-eating-and-snacking-behaviors
#12
Tanja V E Kral, Jesse Chittams, Reneé H Moore
PURPOSE: Prior studies showed that food insecurity may increase the odds of obesity in children and adults. We still know very little about the familial aggregation of obesity in food-insecure households or the mechanisms by which food insecurity confers an increased risk of obesity to children. The purpose of this study was to compare children and mothers from food-insecure and food-secure households in their weight status, child eating patterns/behaviors, and maternal feeding practices...
April 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302506/xanthine-oxidase-inhibitory-activity-of-nicotino-isonicotinohydrazides-a-systematic-approach-from-in-vitro-in-silico-to-in-vivo-studies
#13
Humaira Zafar, Muhammad Hayat, Sumayya Saied, Momin Khan, Uzma Salar, Rizwana Malik, M Iqbal Choudhary, Khalid Mohammed Khan
Change in life style and eating habits has led to an increased prevalence of hyperuricemia worldwide. The role of hyperuricemia is no more restricted to gout, but it has a central role in progression of CVD, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and arthritis. Among the different factors involved in regulation of serum uric acid, xanthine oxidase (XO) is the best pharmacological target to control the levels of serum uric acid as it catalyzes the final steps in uric acid production. In the current study, a systemic search for the inhibitors of xanthine oxidase, starting from synthesis to in vitro screening and leading to in vivo studies is presented...
February 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285753/screening-obese-adolescents-for-binge-eating-disorder-in-primary-care-the-adolescent-binge-eating-scale
#14
Catherine Chamay-Weber, Christophe Combescure, Lydia Lanza, Isabelle Carrard, Dagmar M Haller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the performance of a simple and developmentally appropriate 10-item questionnaire (Adolescent Binge Eating Scale) for the prediction of binge eating disorder (BED) diagnosis in adolescents seen for obesity. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the performance of the questionnaire in comparison with a clinical interview, in a population of adolescents being seen for obesity. The χ(2) or Fisher exact tests were used. RESULTS: There were 94 adolescents aged 12-18 years (59...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281883/exploring-the-association-between-eating-disorders-and-gender-dysphoria-in-youth
#15
Stephen Feder, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Nicole Hammond, Mark L Norris
This study reviews the overlap between eating disorders (EDs) and gender dysphoria (GD) in an adolescent population. A retrospective chart review was conducted on a clinical population presenting for concerns of GD. It was noted that five of the 97 patients had been found to be suffering from an ED at presentation. An additional 10 patients were noted to have ED-related symptoms. Although ED risk was elevated in trans males and females, absolute risk was higher in trans males when compared to population based prevalence rates...
March 10, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270369/reliability-and-validity-of-the-diabetes-eating-problem-survey-revised-on-turkish-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Yasemin Atik Altınok, Suriye Özgür, Reci Meseri, Samim Özen, Şükran Darcan, Damla Gökşen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of Turkish version of Diabetes Eating Problem Survey-Revised (DEPS-R) for children and adolescent with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. METHODS: A total of 200 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, ages 9-18 years, completed the DEPS-R Turkish version. In addition to tests of validity, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to investigate the factor structure of the 16-item Turkish version of DEPS-R...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167254/seroprevalence-and-potential-risk-factors-of-t-gondii-infection-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-bonga-hospital-southwestern-ethiopia
#17
Jalel Negero, Moti Yohannes, Kifle Woldemichael, Dechassa Tegegne
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence and associated risk factors of T.gondii infection in pregnant women attending antenatal care at Bonga Hospital, Southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from February to May 2016. Systematic sampling technique was used to collect sera from 210 pregnant women. Sample was tested for anti-T.gondii- antibodies by Latex Agglutination Test (LAT). Risk factors associated with T.gondii infection in pregnant women was assessed through structured questionnaire...
April 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141712/significant-sleep-dysregulation-in-a-toddler-with-developmental-delay
#18
Martin T Stein, Judith Owens, Myles Abbott
Derrick's parents made an appointment with a new pediatrician for a second opinion about disordered sleep. Now 22-months old, he was evaluated at 18 months of age for developmental delay when he was found to have "a regulatory disorder associated with delays in language and motor development, hypotonia and significant sleep problems." The parents are now most concerned about his sleeping pattern. Prolonged sleep onset and frequent night awaking occur each night since 6-months of age. These problems are more severe in the past few months when he awakes screaming and cannot be settled...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107258/what-to-eat-and-drink-in-the-festive-season-a-pan-european-observational-cross-sectional-study
#19
Helen L Parker, Jelena Curcic, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Michael Hollenstein, Werner Schwizer, Edoardo Savarino, Mark Fox
BACKGROUND: Digestive discomfort after meals is common in the community, especially during the festive season. It is uncertain whether this is related to intake of either high-calorie or high-fat foods or, alternatively, intake of specific foods. This prospective, cross-sectional study tested the hypothesis that the risk of reflux or dyspepsia is associated with the fat content of the meal independent of caloric load in a 'real-life' setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four festive meals were served to delegates attending a conference on four consecutive days...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964852/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-children-and-youth-through-gardening-based-interventions-a-systematic-review
#20
Mateja R Savoie-Roskos, Heidi Wengreen, Carrie Durward
Although there are numerous health benefits associated with eating fruit and vegetables (F/V), few children are consuming recommended amounts. Gardening interventions have been implemented in various settings in an effort to increase children's F/V consumption by expanding knowledge, exposure, and preferences for a variety of F/V. The purpose of this review was to identify the effectiveness of gardening interventions that have been implemented to increase F/V consumption among children. A systematic review was conducted using four electronic databases: Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature...
February 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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