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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118561/pilot-study-of-the-prevalence-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients
#1
Jinyu Zhang, Omair Abbasi, Lev Malevanchik, Neena Mohan, Richard Denicola, Nicholas Tarangelo, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio
Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in the United States. Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most common form of eating disorder. NAFLD and BED have similar risk factors, including obesity, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome. The aim of our study was to examine prevalence of BED in NAFLD patients. Methods: We administered the Binge Eating Scale (BES), a questionnaire validated to screen for BED, to NAFLD patients at our Fatty Liver Center...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052014/predictive-validity-of-a-service-setting-based-measure-to-identify-infancy-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Janni Ammitzbøll, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Bjørn E Holstein, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
Measures to identify infancy mental health problems are essential to guide interventions and reduce the risk of developmental psychopathology in early years. We investigated a new service-setting-based measure the Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening (CIMHS) within the general child health surveillance by community health nurses (CHN). The study population of 2973 infants was assessed by CIMHS at age 9-10 months. A subsample of 416 children was examined at age 1½ years, using parent interviews including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5), Check List of Autism and Toddlers (CHAT), Infant-Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSCL), and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID) and observations of behavior, communication, and interaction...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023834/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-healthy-exercise-eating-and-lifestyle-program-for-primary-schools
#3
Thomas Cochrane, Rachel C Davey
BACKGROUND: Reversing decline in physical fitness and increase in excess body weight in school children are considered major public health challenges. We evaluated a proposed model to integrate a screening and healthy exercise, eating, and lifestyle program (HEELP) into primary schools in Canberra, Australia. Objectives were: (1) to establish body status and physical competencies of 5- to 10-year-old children; (2) to evaluate the service's impact on body status and physical fitness; and (3) to gauge parent/guardian and school perspectives on the service...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957792/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-physical-multimorbidity-a-population-based-study
#4
A Stickley, A Koyanagi, H Takahashi, V Ruchkin, Y Inoue, Y Kamio
BACKGROUND: There has been little research on the association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with co-occurring physical diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between possible ADHD and physical multimorbidity (i.e.≥2 physical diseases) among adults in the English general population. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 7274 individuals aged≥18 years that came from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. ADHD symptoms were assessed with the Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener...
September 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948079/influence-of-tfap2b-and-kctd15-genetic-variability-on-personality-dimensions-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#5
Carmen Gamero-Villarroel, Luz M González, Raquel Rodríguez-López, David Albuquerque, Juan A Carrillo, Angustias García-Herráiz, Isalud Flores, Guillermo Gervasini
INTRODUCTION: TFAP2B and KCTD15 are obesity-related genes that interact to regulate feeding behavior. We hypothesize that variability in these loci, isolated or in combination, could also be related to the risk of eating disorders (ED) and/or associated psychological traits. METHODS: We screened 425 participants (169 ED patients, 75 obese subjects, and 181 controls) for 10 clinically relevant and tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in KCTD15 and TFAP2B by the Sequenom MassARRAY platform and direct sequencing...
September 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914732/predictors-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-who-are-overweight-or-obese
#6
Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Christopher Burant, Shirley Moore
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) is a type of health-related QOL that may serve as a patient-reported outcome of the potential burden of overweight. The present study uses structural equation modeling path analysis methods to examine body mass index (BMI) and other potential predictors of WRQOL components among adolescents who were overweight/obese from predominantly low-income, urban households. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained from 360 participants (10-13 year olds; 57...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913929/high-nutrition-risk-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dysphagia-in-advanced-age-adults-newly-admitted-to-hospital
#7
Amy Popman, Marilize Richter, Jacqueline Allen, Carol Wham
AIM: To establish the prevalence of nutrition risk and associated risk factors among adults of advanced age newly admitted to hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in adults aged over 85 years admitted to one of two hospital wards in Auckland within the previous 5 days. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to establish participant's socio-demographic and health characteristics. Markers of body composition and muscle strength were collected...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888617/relationships-between-bone-mass-and-dietary-lifestyle-habits-in-japanese-women-at-3-4-months-postpartum
#8
A Hoshino, A Yamada, R Tanabe, S Noda, K Nakaoka, Y Oku, C Katayama, M Haraikawa, H Nakano, M Harada, K Uenishi, M Goseki-Sone
OBJECTIVES: The relationships between calcaneal bone mass and dietary/lifestyle habits in women at 3-4 months postpartum were examined in the context of osteoporosis prevention. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We measured bone mass using calcaneal ultrasound in mothers who brought their 3- to 4-month-old babies to healthcare centers in Japan for health examination and administered a self-report questionnaire on physical characteristics and dietary/lifestyle habits to those who agreed to participate in the survey...
September 7, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887707/correlations-between-patient-reported-dysphagia-screening-and-penetration-aspiration-scores-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-post-oncological-treatment
#9
Johanna Hedström, Lisa Tuomi, Caterina Finizia, Caroline Olsson
Dysphagia is a common and severe toxicity after oncological treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC). The study aim was to investigate relationships between patient-reported dysphagia and clinically measured swallowing function in HNC after modern curative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy to identify possible alarm symptoms for clinically manifest dysphagia. Patients with tumors of the tonsil, base of tongue, hypopharynx, and larynx treated in 2007-2015 were assessed for dysphagia post-treatment by telephone interview and videofluoroscopy (VFS)...
September 8, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882121/evaluation-of-a-peer-education-program-on-student-leaders-energy-balance-related-behaviors
#10
B C Foley, V A Shrewsbury, L L Hardy, V M Flood, K Byth, S Shah
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported energy balance-related behavior (EBRB) change for peer leaders delivering health promotion programs to younger students in secondary schools. Our study assessed the impact of the Students As LifeStyle Activists (SALSA) program on SALSA peer leaders' EBRBs, and their intentions regarding these behaviors. METHODS: We used a pre-post study design to assess changes in EBRBs and intentions of Year 10 secondary school students (15-16 year olds) who volunteered to be peer leaders to deliver the SALSA program to Year 8 students (13-14 year olds)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865491/socio-ecological-influences-on-adolescent-aged-10-17-alcohol-use-and-linked-unhealthy-eating-behaviours-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#11
Stephanie Scott, Jessica Reilly, Emma L Giles, Frances Hillier-Brown, Louisa Ells, Eileen Kaner, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight and risky alcohol consumption are two of the greatest contributors to global disease. Health behaviours cluster in adolescence and track to adulthood. Very little is known about similar and contrasting influences on young people's eating behaviours and alcohol use. Whilst there are bodies of literature which explore the influences on young people's eating behaviour and alcohol consumption respectively, no qualitative studies have been identified with an explicit and concurrent focus on adolescent eating behaviours and alcohol consumption...
September 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856236/overweight-and-body-image-perception-in-adolescents-with-triage-of-eating-disorders
#12
Roberta Stofeles Cecon, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Maria do Carmo Gouveia Peluzio, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Silvia Eloiza Priore
PURPOSE: To verify the influence of overweight and alteration in the perception of the corporal image during the triage of eating disorders. METHOD: A food disorder triage was performed in adolescents with 10 to 19 years of age using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh (BITE), as well as a nutritional status evaluation. The perception of body image was evaluated in a subsample of adolescents with 10 to 14 years of age, using the Brazilian Silhouette Scale...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856085/attainment-of-5-2-1-0-obesity-recommendations-in-preschool-aged-children
#13
Amrik Singh Khalsa, Roohi Kharofa, Nicholas J Ollberding, Laurie Bishop, Kristen A Copeland
Obesity prevention guidelines recommend children eat ≥ 5 servings of fruits and vegetables, view ≤ 2 h of screen time, participate in 1 h of physical activity, and consume 0 sugar-sweetened beverages daily, commonly known as '5-2-1-0'. We sought to determine: the extent to which preschool-aged children attending child care meet these guidelines, predictors of attainment, and associations of attainment with weight status. We analyzed in 2016, 24-hour dietary, physical activity, and screen time data collected in 2009-10 from 398 preschool-aged children in 30 child-care centers in Cincinnati, OH...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851348/assessment-of-nutrition-and-physical-activity-environments-in-family-child-care-homes-modification-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-environment-and-policy-assessment-and-observation
#14
Amber E Vaughn, Stephanie Mazzucca, Regan Burney, Truls Østbye, Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Alison Tovar, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Early care and education (ECE) settings play an important role in shaping the nutrition and physical activity habits of young children. Increasing research attention is being directed toward family child care homes (FCCHs) specifically. However, existing measures of child care nutrition and physical activity environments are limited in that they have been created for use with center-based programs and require modification for studies involving FCCHs. This paper describes the modification of the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation (EPAO) for use in FCCHs...
August 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743807/genome-wide-screen-for-genes-involved-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-developmentally-timed-sleep
#15
Huiyan Huang, Chen-Tseh Zhu, Lukas L Skuja, Dustin J Hayden, Anne C Hart
In Caenorhabditis elegans, Notch signaling regulates developmentally timed sleep during the transition from L4 larval stage to adulthood (L4/A) . To identify core sleep pathways and to find genes acting downstream of Notch signaling, we undertook the first genome-wide, classical genetic screen focused on C. elegans developmentally timed sleep. To increase screen efficiency, we first looked for mutations that suppressed inappropriate anachronistic sleep in adult hsp::osm-11 animals overexpressing the Notch coligand OSM-11 after heat shock...
September 7, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732475/associations-between-childhood-overweight-obesity-abdominal-obesity-and-obesogenic-behaviors-and-practices-in-australian-homes
#16
Seema Mihrshahi, Bradley A Drayton, Adrian E Bauman, Louise L Hardy
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging research about the role of the family and home environment on early childhood obesity, little is known on how weight-related behaviors, parent practices and the home environment influence overweight/obesity in older children and adolescents. METHODS: This analysis used data from a cross-sectional, representative population survey of Australian children age 5-16 years conducted in 2015. Data included measured anthropometry to calculate body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR; waist circumference/height)...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700805/efficacy-of-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-binge-eating-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
James I Hudson, Susan L McElroy, M Celeste Ferreira-Cornwell, Jana Radewonuk, Maria Gasior
Importance: The ability of pharmacotherapies to prevent relapse and maintain efficacy with long-term treatment in psychiatric conditions is important. Objective: To assess lisdexamfetamine dimesylate maintenance of efficacy in adults with moderate to severe binge-eating disorder. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multinational, phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal study including 418 participants was conducted at 49 clinical research study sites from January 27, 2014, to April 8, 2015...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679411/child-and-parent-predictors-of-picky-eating-from-preschool-to-school-age
#18
Silje Steinsbekk, Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Alison Fildes, Clare H Llewellyn, Lars Wichstrøm
BACKGROUND: Picky eating is prevalent in childhood. Because pickiness concerns parents and is associated with nutrient deficiency and psychological problems, the antecedents of pickiness need to be identified. We propose an etiological model of picky eating involving child temperament, sensory sensitivity and parent-child interaction. METHODS: Two cohorts of 4-year olds (born 2003 or 2004) in Trondheim, Norway were invited to participate (97.2% attendance; 82.0% consent rate, n = 2475) and a screen-stratified subsample of 1250 children was recruited...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676763/sleep-deprivation-in-young-and-healthy-subjects-is-more-sensitively-identified-by-higher-frequencies-of-electrodermal-activity-than-by-skin-conductance-level-evaluated-in-the-time-domain
#19
Hugo F Posada-Quintero, Jeffrey B Bolkhovsky, Natasa Reljin, Ki H Chon
We analyzed multiple measures of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) based on electrodermal activity (EDA) and heart rate variability (HRV) for young healthy subjects undergoing 24-h sleep deprivation. In this study, we have utilized the error awareness test (EAT) every 2 h (13 runs total), to evaluate the deterioration of performance. EAT consists of trials where the subject is presented words representing colors. Subjects are instructed to press a button ("Go" trials) or withhold the response if the word presented and the color of the word mismatch ("Stroop No-Go" trial), or the screen is repeated ("Repeat No-Go" trials)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#20
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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