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EAT 10 screening

Narendra Kumar, Vijay Kumar, Rohit Panwar, Chand Ram
The toxic heavy metal cadmium (Cd) appears as one of the major global threats to human and animal health. Human being and aquatic life are exposed to Cd by breathing, eating, or drinking when industrial effluents released into environment. The study was aimed to identify cadmium-binding Lactobacillus strain to reduce its bioaccessibility in in vitro digestion model. In this context, forty-eight lactobacilli strains isolated and characterized from fermented dairy products and human origin were screened for their Cd biosorption potential using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS)...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Luke Wolfenden, Jannah Jones, Christopher M Williams, Meghan Finch, Rebecca J Wyse, Melanie Kingsland, Flora Tzelepis, John Wiggers, Amanda J Williams, Kirsty Seward, Tameka Small, Vivian Welch, Debbie Booth, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of effective interventions and best-practice guideline recommendations for childcare services to implement policies, practices and programmes to promote child healthy eating, physical activity and prevent unhealthy weight gain, many services fail to do so. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the review was to examine the effectiveness of strategies aimed at improving the implementation of policies, practices or programmes by childcare services that promote child healthy eating, physical activity and/or obesity prevention...
October 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Caroline Dutil
BACKGROUND: Sleep is an important contributor to physical and mental health; however, chronic sleep deprivation has become common in adolescents, especially on weekdays. Adolescents aged 14-17 years are recommended to sleep between 8 and 10 h per night to maximize overall health and well-being. Although sleep needs may vary between individuals, sleep duration recommendations are important for surveillance and help inform policies, interventions, and the population of healthy sleep behaviors...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Jorge A Robledo, Leonardo J Siccardi
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric hypercholesterolemia has increased over the past decades. Knowing the environmental and genetic factors that have an impact on it would allow establishing more adequate screening guidelines. OBJETIVES: To determine if there is an association between genetic and environmental factors and hypercholesterolemia in children. To assess the predictive qualities of outcome measures associated with hypercholesterolemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, analytical, cross-sectional study...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Vanessa Clements, Kit Leung, Santosh Khanal, Jane Raymond, Michelle Maxwell, Chris Rissel
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain can result in poor maternal and child health outcomes. Estimates from single studies indicate the prevalence of excessive gestational weight gain in Australia could lie between 38 and 67 %. The risk of excessive weight gain can be reduced through healthy eating and exercise. We describe the rationale and methods of the Get Healthy in Pregnancy Service, a trial service which aims to support women in achieving appropriate gestational weight gain through an existing telephone-based health coaching service...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Tina Solvik, Jayanta Debnath
Autophagy-related (ATG) proteins have increasingly demonstrated functions other than cellular self-eating. In this issue, Mauthe et al. (2016. J. Cell Biol. conduct an unbiased RNA interference screen of the ATG proteome to reveal numerous noncanonical roles for ATG proteins during viral infection.
August 29, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
Giuseppe Iacomino, Paola Russo, Ilaria Stillitano, Fabio Lauria, Pasquale Marena, Wolfgang Ahrens, Pasquale De Luca, Alfonso Siani
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the modulation of gene expression and in the control of numerous cell functions. Alterations of miRNA patterns frequently occur in cancer and metabolic disorders, including obesity. Recent studies showed remarkable stability of miRNAs in both plasma and serum making them suitable as potential circulating biomarkers for a variety of diseases and conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the profile of circulating miRNAs expressed in plasma samples of overweight or obese (OW/Ob) and normal weight (NW) prepubertal children from a European cohort (www...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
Paul Farajian, Grigoris Risvas, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Antonis Zampelas
OBJECTIVE: Excessive free sugars consumption has a possible role in health issues, diet quality and obesity development. The present cross-sectional study aimed to identify the major food sources of free sugars in Greek children's diet and investigate possible associations of dietary patterns with free sugars intake. DESIGN: Anthropometric measurements and information on dietary and physical activity habits were obtained. Energy and free sugars intake coming from foods were estimated and principal components analysis was applied to identify dietary patterns...
September 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Mirae Oh, Hongliang Li, Byongtae Jeon, Cheonghee Choi, Yuling Ding, Yujiao Tang, Eunkyung Kim, Seyoung Jang, Hyejin Seong, Sangho Moon
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of physically effective neutral detergent fiber (peNDF) content in total mixed ration (TMR) on dry matter intake, digestibility, and chewing activity in fattening Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) heifers. The experiment was designed as a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square using 12 heifers. Fattening heifers were offered one of three diets (high (T1), medium (T2), and low (T3) peNDF) obtained by different mixing times (3, 10 and 25 min.) for the same TMR feed...
July 29, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Barry K Herman, Linda S Deal, Dana B DiBenedetti, Lauren Nelson, Sheri E Fehnel, T Michelle Brown
OBJECTIVE: Develop a brief, patient-reported screening tool designed to identify individuals with probable binge-eating disorder (BED) for further evaluation or referral to specialists. METHODS: Items were developed on the basis of the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, existing tools, and input from 3 clinical experts (January 2014). Items were then refined in cognitive debriefing interviews with participants self-reporting BED characteristics (March 2014) and piloted in a multisite, cross-sectional, prospective, noninterventional study consisting of a semistructured diagnostic interview (to diagnose BED) and administration of the pilot Binge-Eating Disorder Screener (BEDS), Binge Eating Scale (BES), and RAND 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (RAND-36) (June 2014-July 2014)...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Frank I Scott, Gary R Lichtenstein
Mild Crohn's disease (CD) is classified as those patients who are ambulatory, with <10 % weight loss, are eating and drinking without abdominal mass, tenderness, obstructive symptoms, or fever, and endoscopically they have non-progressive mild findings. Initial evaluation of mild CD should focus on assessment for high-risk features requiring more aggressive therapy. In contrast to moderate-to-severe disease, where therapy is focused on mucosal healing, the management of mild CD is focused on symptom management, while exposing the individual to minimal therapeutic risks...
September 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Crystale Purvis Cooper, Cynthia A Gelb, Katrina F Trivers, Sherri L Stewart
To investigate U.S. women's intended care seeking for symptoms associated with ovarian cancer, data from the 2012 HealthStyles Fall survey of U.S. adults were examined. Analyses were limited to women with no history of gynecologic cancer (N = 1726). Logistic regression models for intended care seeking within 2 weeks of symptom onset were developed. A minority of women recognized that unexplained pelvic or abdominal pain (29.9%), unexplained bloating (18.1%), and feeling full after eating a small amount of food (10...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Minke Ma Eilander, Maartje de Wit, Joost Rotteveel, Henk Jan Aanstoot, Willie M Bakker-van Waarde, Euphemia Cam Houdijk, Roos Nuboer, Per Winterdijk, Frank J Snoek
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with type 1 diabetes are at an increased risk of disturbed eating behaviors (DEBs). OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to (i) explore the prevalence of DEBs and associated 'yellow flags', and (ii) establish concordance between adolescents-parents and adolescents-clinicians with respect to DEBs. METHODS: Adolescents (11-16 yr) and parents completed questionnaires. A stepwise approach was used to assess DEBs: only adolescents whose answers raised psychological yellow flags for DEBs completed the Diabetes Eating Problems Scale - Revised and questions from the AHEAD study...
June 30, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Nadia E Saldanha, Eric C Weiselberg, Martin Fisher
PURPOSE: Celiac disease (CD) affects approximately 1% of the population, and although it remains largely underdiagnosed, can have considerable long-term morbidity. Common presenting symptoms include gastrointestinal complaints and weight loss, which are also symptoms seen in patients with eating disorders (EDs). Because of this overlap, and the importance of early diagnosis of CD and identifying possible complicating factors in patients with EDs, screening in our program has become part of an initial assessment during the past 4 years...
June 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mohácsi Bernadett, Anita Szemán-N
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders among women of reproductive age. Symptomes and complications of PCOS have adverse effect on quality of life among concerned women. Most research findings suggest that PCOS is associated with eating disorders, but there are inconsistent results in connection with their relationship in the published literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of eating disorders among women with PCOS...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
Ai Koyanagi, Andrew Stickley, Josep Maria Haro
There are no studies on psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and disordered eating in the general population. We aimed to assess this association in the English adult population. Data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (APMS) were analyzed. This was a nationally representative survey comprising 7403 English adults aged ≥16 years. The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire was used to identify the past 12-month occurrence of five forms of psychotic symptoms. Questions from the five-item SCOFF screening instrument were used to identify those with eating disorder (ED) symptoms and possible ED in the past year...
July 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Andrea E Kass, Megan Jones, Rachel P Kolko, Myra Altman, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Dawn M Eichen, Katherine N Balantekin, Mickey Trockel, C Barr Taylor, Denise E Wilfley
PURPOSE: Given shared risk and maintaining factors between eating disorders and obesity, it may be important to include both eating disorder intervention and healthy weight management within a universal eating disorder care delivery program. This study evaluated differential eating disorder screening responses by initial weight status among university students, to assess eating disorder risk and pathology among individuals with overweight/obesity versus normal weight or underweight. METHODS: 1529 individuals were screened and analyzed...
March 29, 2016: Eating Behaviors
Alberto Borraccino, Patrizia Lemma, Paola Berchialla, Nazario Cappello, Joanna Inchley, Paola Dalmasso, Lorena Charrier, Franco Cavallo
BACKGROUNDS AND AIM: Unhealthy eating behaviours increase with age and have been associated with adverse health consequences in adulthood. We examined the influence of screen-based sedentary behaviours (SBs) on unhealthy food consumption, such as energy-dense foods and sweetened drinks, among a representative sample of nearly 60 000 adolescents and assessed the role of possible modifiers. METHODS: Data come from the Italian 2009-10 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey...
August 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Megan L Gow, Louise A Baur, Mandy Ho, Kerryn Chisholm, Manny Noakes, Chris T Cowell, Sarah P Garnett
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions in adolescents with obesity can result in weight loss following active intervention but individual responses vary widely. This study aimed to identify predictors of weight loss at 12- and 24-months in adolescents with obesity and clinical features of insulin resistance. METHODS: Adolescents (n = 111, 66 girls, aged 10-17 years) were participants in a randomised controlled trial, the RESIST study, examining the effects of two diets differing in macronutrient content on insulin sensitivity...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Sylvia Guendelman, Miranda Ritterman Weintraub, Martha Kaufer-Horwitz
We assessed variations in and correlates of weight-loss success (WLS) among overweight/obese women in Mexico (WIMX) and Mexican-American women (MA). We used cross-national data from 2006 ENSANUT (Mexico) and NHANES (2001-2008) to compare 5061 WIMX with 550 MA's without known metabolic conditions. WLS was defined as losing ≥5 % of body weight over 1 year. MA's were more likely to attain WLS (OR 1.31; 95 % CI 1.01-1.70). WLS among WIMX was higher in those with at least high school, a provider screen of overweight and a lower BMI...
March 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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