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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778042/reliability-and-validity-of-the-dymus-questionnaire-for-the-assessment-of-dysphagia-in-multiple-sclerosis-greek-version-and-proposed-modification
#1
Athanasia Printza, Maria Kalaitzi, Christos Bakirtzis, Ioannis Nikolaidis, Hariklia Proios, Nikolaos Grigoriadis
BACKGROUND: Recent research confirmed that at least a third of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are suffering from swallowing difficulties. Dysphagia is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and has profound impact on physical ability and quality of life. Dysphagia related complications can be prevented through an effective screening protocol. The Dysphagia in Multiple Sclerosis (DYMUS) questionnaire is the first dysphagia questionnaire developed specifically for patients with MS...
May 10, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757135/a-nationwide-retrospective-study-on-prevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-italian-blood-donors
#2
Enea Spada, Simonetta Pupella, Giulio Pisani, Roberto Bruni, Paola Chionne, Elisabetta Madonna, Umbertina Villano, Matteo Simeoni, Sara Fabi, Giuseppe Marano, Cinzia Marcantonio, Patrizio Pezzotti, Anna R Ciccaglione, Giancarlo M Liumbruno
BACKGROUND: In Europe, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is mainly a food-borne zoonosis, but it can also be transmitted by blood transfusion. It is usually a mild and self-limited infection. However, immunocompromised persons, who are also those more likely to undergo blood transfusions, may develop chronic hepatitis and often cirrhosis. Since this is a potential threat to blood safety, we aimed to investigate HEV prevalence in Italian blood donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used plasma donations collected during 2015-2016 by blood services (BS) scattered throughout the Italian regions and intended for the production of plasma-derived medicines...
May 4, 2018: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703453/association-of-positive-screening-for-dysphagia-with-nutritional-status-and-long-term-mortality-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#3
Ana B Mañas-Martínez, Marina Bucar-Barjud, Julia Campos-Fernández, José Antonio Gimeno-Orna, Juan Pérez-Calvo, Julia Ocón-Bretón
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) using the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) and its association with malnutrition and long-term mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to the general internal medicine ward. In the first 48hours after hospital admission, OD was assessed using the EAT-10, and presence of malnutrition with the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF). Association of OD to malnutrition and long-term mortality was analyzed...
April 24, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702318/control-of-salmonella-enterica-and-listeria-monocytogenes-in-hummus-using-allyl-isothiocyanate
#4
Amin N Olaimat, Murad A Al-Holy, Mahmoud Abu Ghoush, Anas A Al-Nabulsi, Richard A Holley
Hummus (chickpea dip) is a ready-to-eat product which has been implicated in several foodborne outbreaks and food recalls. This study aimed to screen the antimicrobial activity of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) against 5 strains of each of Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes using a disc diffusion method. Additionally, the antimicrobial activity of 0.1-1.5% (v/w) AITC against both pathogens and aerobic bacteria in hummus was also investigated. The inhibition zones of AITC were 8.5-15 and 7.0-8.5 mm against the S...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695122/dietary-polyphenol-intake-and-depression-results-from-the-mediterranean-healthy-eating-lifestyle-and-aging-meal-study
#5
Justyna Godos, Sabrina Castellano, Sumantra Ray, Giuseppe Grosso, Fabio Galvano
Background : The epidemiological evidence for a relation between dietary polyphenol intake and depression is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the association between habitual dietary intake of total polyphenols, their classes, subclasses and individual compounds and depressive symptoms among the participants of the Mediterranean healthy Eating, Lifestyle and Aging (MEAL) study. Methods : Demographic and dietary characteristics of 1572 adults living in southern Italy were analyzed. Food frequency questionnaires and Phenol-Explorer were used to calculate habitual dietary intakes of polyphenols...
April 24, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666844/burnout-among-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-physicians
#6
Audrius Mikalauskas, Rimantas Benetis, Edmundas Širvinskas, Judita Andrejaitienė, Šarūnas Kinduris, Andrius Macas, Žilvinas Padaiga
Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. Methods: In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627808/descriptive-epidemiology-of-changes-in-weight-and-weight-related-behaviours-of-australian-children-aged-5-years-two-population-based-cross-sectional-studies-in-2010-and-2015
#7
Louise L Hardy, Louise A Baur, Li Ming Wen, Sarah P Garnett, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVE: Over the past 10-15 years there has been substantial investment in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, to reduce child obesity through interventions in children aged 0-5 years. We report changes in weight and weight-related behaviours of 5-year-old children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2010 and 2015. SETTING: NSW schools (2010 n=44; 2015 n=41) PARTICIPANTS: Australian children in kindergarten (2010 n=1141 and 2015 n=1150)...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578592/impact-of-a-cancer-education-seminar-on-knowledge-and-screening-intent-among-chinese-americans-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-community-based-trial
#8
Lei-Chun Fung, Kim H Nguyen, Susan L Stewart, Moon S Chen, Elisa K Tong
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the leading cause of death for Asian Americans. The authors evaluated the status of cancer prevention for Chinese Americans in San Francisco, which has had years of cancer prevention efforts. METHODS: Through a community-based clinic serving Chinese Americans, a randomized, controlled trial (n = 395) was conducted among participants who attended either a cancer prevention seminar or biospecimen education seminar. Changes in knowledge, attitudes, and screening completion/intent were measured across and between seminar groups...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562879/dysphagia-risk-low-muscle-strength-and-poor-cognition-predict-malnutrition-risk-in-older-adults-athospital-admission
#9
Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger, Carol Wham
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during admission. The aim of the current study was to investigate the magnitude and potential predictors of malnutrition risk in older adults, at hospital admission. METHODS: A cross-sectional was study conducted in 234 older adults (age ≥ 65 or ≥ 55 for Māori or Pacific ethnicity) at admission to hospital in Auckland, New Zealand...
March 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529158/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-remotely-delivered-interventions-using-self-monitoring-or-tailored-feedback-to-change-dietary-behavior
#10
Natalie Teasdale, Ahmed Elhussein, Frances Butcher, Carmen Piernas, Gill Cowburn, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Rhea Saksena, Peter Scarborough
Background: Self-monitoring (SM) of diet and tailored feedback (TF) have been suggested as tools for changing dietary behavior. New technologies allow users to monitor behavior remotely, potentially improving reach, adherence, and outcomes. Objective: We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to address the following question: are remotely delivered standalone (i.e., no human contact) interventions that use SM or TF effective in changing eating behaviors? Design: Five databases were searched in October 2016 (updated in September 2017)...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522958/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-are-associated-with-physical-multimorbidity-findings-from-the-adult-psychiatric-morbidity-survey-2007
#11
Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Studies on the association between symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical multimorbidity (i.e., ≥2 chronic conditions) are lacking. Thus, we assessed the association between PTSD symptoms and physical multimorbidity using nationally representative, community-based data of the UK adult population. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey were analyzed. PTSD symptoms were assessed using the 10-item Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ)...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500865/disparities-in-eating-disorder-diagnosis-and-treatment-according-to-weight-status-race-ethnicity-socioeconomic-background-and-sex-among-college-students
#12
K R Sonneville, S K Lipson
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (EDs) present a significant threat to the health of adolescents and young adults, yet remain under-diagnosed and under-treated at a population-level. EDs have historically been thought to afflict "skinny, white, affluent girls" (the SWAG stereotype). As such, higher-weight individuals, racial/ethnic minorities, those from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds, and males may not recognize their need for treatment, may not be properly screened for EDs, and/or may not be referred to treatment...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492902/screening-of-ready-to-eat-meat-products-for-hepatitis-e-virus-in-switzerland
#13
Dominik Moor, Marianne Liniger, Andreas Baumgartner, Richard Felleisen
Seroprevalence data for pig herds suggested that there must be a relevant reservoir for hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Switzerland. To know more about the viral presence in ready-to-eat meat products, we screened pork liver sausages and raw meat sausages from the Swiss retail market for the presence of HEV. Testing was performed with a detection method where the virus extraction step was optimized. As for the performance of the improved method, the mean recovery rate for the mengovirus process control was 24.4%, whereas for HEV-inoculated sample matrices between 10...
February 28, 2018: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482425/do-schools-that-screen-for-body-mass-index-have-recommended-safeguards-in-place
#14
Sarah A Sliwa, Nancy D Brener, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sarah M Lee
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that schools adopt 10 safeguards before launching a body mass index (BMI) screening program; however, little is known about schools' safeguard adoption. Authors identified questions from the 2014 School Health Policies and Practices Study that aligned with 4 of the 10 safeguards to estimate safeguard prevalence among schools that screened students for BMI (40.7%, N = 223). Among these schools, 3.1% had all four safeguards and 56.5% had none or one. The most prevalent safeguard was having reliable and accurate equipment (54...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454325/latent-tuberculosis-infection-and-associated-risk-indicators-in-pastoral-communities-in-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Takele Teklu, Mengistu Legesse, Girmay Medhin, Aboma Zewude, Mahlet Chanyalew, Martha Zewdie, Biniam Wondale, Milkessa Haile-Mariam, Rembert Pieper, Gobena Ameni
BACKGROUND: Research pertaining to the community-based prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is important to understand the magnitude of this infection. This study was conducted to estimate LTBI prevalence and to identify associated risk factors in the Omo Zone of Southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in six South Omo districts from May 2015 to February 2016. The sample size was allocated to the study districts proportional to their population sizes...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427671/prospective-associations-between-toddler-televiewing-and-subsequent-lifestyle-habits-in-adolescence
#16
Isabelle Simonato, Michel Janosz, Isabelle Archambault, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Watching television is a common pastime for very young children. High exposure may negatively influence physical and mental health outcomes. Not much is known about how early exposure relates to lifestyle choices in adolescence. OBJECTIVE: To estimate how toddler televiewing is subsequently associated with lifestyle indicators at adolescence. METHODS: Participants are 986 girls and 999 boys from the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development birth cohort (Canada)...
May 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415851/knowledge-about-nutrition-eating-habits-and-weight-reduction-intervention-among-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients
#17
Anat Sason, Miriam Adelson, Sarit Herzman-Harari, Einat Peles
Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients are often under-nourished and overweight. The impact of a nutrition intervention program to improve knowledge about healthy food habits and losing weight was studied. Patients were screened for knowledge about nutrition and body mass index (BMI). Those with a low knowledge score or a BMI ≥26 (n=89) were randomly divided into either intervention (two lectures on healthy nutrition followed by weight monitoring over 6weeks), or controls (weighed at baseline, post-lectures and at study closure)...
March 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407746/premenstrual-appetite-and-emotional-responses-to-foods-among-women-with-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder
#18
Ju-Yu Yen, Tai-Ling Liu, I-Ju Chen, Su-Yin Chen, Chih-Hung Ko
The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in late-luteal appetite for highly sweet (HS) and highly salty and fatty (HSF) foods in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). After initial assessment in a psychiatric interview, the premenstrual symptoms screening tool (PSST) was used to identify women with moderate-to-severe premenstrual symptoms. Sixty-seven women with PMDD and 74 healthy controls were evaluated in the early-follicular and late-luteal (pre-menstrual) phases of the menstrual cycle...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394108/participant-outcomes-from-methods-of-recruitment-for-videogame-research
#19
Courtney Ryan, Hafza Dadabhoy, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: The most productive methods of recruitment for a videogame for health (G4H) trial are not known. Success or failure of recruitment methods has been reported for a variety of clinical trials, but few specifically for G4H trials. This study's goal was to recruit 444 overweight or obese (body mass index percentile between the 84.5th-99.4th percentiles) children between the ages of 10-12 years. The article reports the results of different methods of participant recruitment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants had to agree to three fasting blood samples (baseline, immediately after, and 2 months later); be willing to wear an accelerometer for 7 days at each assessment; read and speak English fluently (because the games were in English); have no history of any condition that would affect what he/she could eat or how much physical activity he/she could get; and have an eligible home computer purchased in the last 5 years with high-speed internet...
February 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306867/efficacy-of-endoscopic-screening-for-esophageal-cancer-in-china-esecc-design-and-preliminary-results-of-a-population-based-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Zhonghu He, Zhen Liu, Mengfei Liu, Chuanhai Guo, Ruiping Xu, Fenglei Li, Anxiang Liu, Haijun Yang, Lin Shen, Qi Wu, Liping Duan, Xiang Li, Chaoting Zhang, Yaqi Pan, Hong Cai, Yang Ke
OBJECTIVE: Description of the design and preliminary results of baseline recruitment and screening in the endoscopic screening for esophageal cancer in China (ESECC), the first randomised controlled trial (RCT) assessing efficacy and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic screening for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). DESIGN: ESECC trial is a cluster RCT, and 668 villages in rural Hua County, Henan Province, a high-incidence area of ESCC in China, were randomised into two arms at a ratio of 1:1...
January 6, 2018: Gut
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