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Varda Shoshan-Barmatz, Edna Nahon-Crystal, Anna Shteinfer-Kuzmine, Rajeev Gupta
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Although an accumulation of brain amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide and hyperphosphorylated tau protein have been implicated in the pathogenesis of AD, the etiology of the disease remains unclear. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been identified as an early event in AD pathogenesis and is reflected by reduced metabolism, disruption of Ca2+ homeostasis, and increased levels of reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation, and apoptosis. The focus of this review is the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in AD, and specifically, the role of the voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), which has been linked to AD pathogenesis...
March 15, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Reshu Saxena, Umesh Kumar Vekariya, Pradeep Kumar, Amit Kumar Tripathi, Jimut Kanti Ghosh, Raj Kamal Tripathi
HIV-1 transmission and spread involves significant host-virus interaction. Possible targets for obstacle of HIV-1 lie at the site of mucosal barriers. Thus a better understanding of how HIV-1 infects target cells at such sites and leads their invasion is required, with prime focus on the host determinants regulating HIV-1 spread. For the viral infectivity and pathogenicity, HIV-1 Nef facilitates immune evasion through protein-protein interactions within host cell. HIV-1 Nef is significant for viral infectivity and pathogenicity...
February 5, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
S Li, T T Wang, L Zhai, W W Deng, Y L Guo, J X Jiang
Objective: To explore the effect of picroside Ⅱ on the expression of mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) in rats after cerebral ischemiareperfusion. Methods: A total of 70 Wistar rats models with middle cerebral artery occlusionreperfusion (MCAO/R) were randomly divided into the sham group, model group, picroside (Picr) group, ruthenium red (RuR) group, RuR+ Picr group, Spermine (Sper) group, Sper+ Picr group (n=10 per group). Modified neurological severity scale (mNSS) was used to evaluated the neurobehavioral function, the expression of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in brain tissues were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the morphology of brain tissues was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the apoptotic cells were counted by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay (TUNEL), and the expressions of VDAC1 and endonuclease G (EndoG) were determined by immunohistochemical assay and Western blot...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Ji-Na Kong, Zhihui Zhu, Yutaka Itokazu, Guanghu Wang, Michael B Dinkins, Liansheng Zhong, Hsuan-Pei Lin, Ahmed Elsherbini, Silvia Leanhart, Xue Jiang, Haiyan Qin, Wenbo Zhi, Stefka D Spassieva, Erhard Bieberich
We reported that amyloid beta peptide (Abeta42) activated neutral sphingomyelinase 2 (nSMase2) thereby increasing the concentration of the sphingolipid ceramide in astrocytes. Here, we show that Abeta42 induced mitochondrial fragmentation in wild type astrocytes, but not in nSMase2-deficient cells or astrocytes treated with Fumonisin B1 (FB1), an inhibitor of ceramide synthases. Unexpectedly, ceramide depletion was concurrent with rapid movements of mitochondria, indicating an unknown function of ceramide for mitochondria...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
Lucie A Bergdoll, Michael T Lerch, John W Patrick, Kendrick Belardo, Christian Altenbach, Paola Bisignano, Arthur Laganowsky, Michael Grabe, Wayne L Hubbell, Jeff Abramson
The voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) is the most abundant protein in the outer mitochondrial membrane and constitutes the primary pathway for the exchange of ions and metabolites between the cytosol and the mitochondria. There is accumulating evidence supporting VDAC's role in mitochondrial metabolic regulation and apoptosis, where VDAC oligomerization has been implicated with these processes. Herein, we report a specific pH-dependent dimerization of murine VDAC1 (mVDAC1) identified by double electron-electron resonance and native mass spectrometry...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Xiayun Yang, Shusheng Tang, Daowen Li, Bin Li, Xilong Xiao
Quinocetone (QCT) has been approved and widely used as an animal feed additive in China since 2003. However, investigations indicate that QCT shows potential toxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Although voltage dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) involved in regulating QCT-induced apoptotic cell death has been established, the role of voltage dependent anion channel 2 (VDAC2) in QCT-induced toxicity remains unclear. In this study, we showed that QCT-induced cell death was coupled to VDAC2 oligomerization. Moreover, VDAC inhibitor 4, 4'-diisothiocyano stilbene-2, 2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) alleviated QCT-induced cell death and VDAC2 oligomerization...
March 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Xiangpeng Kong, Jinrong Wei, Diyu Wang, Xiaoju Zhu, Youlang Zhou, Shusheng Wang, Guang-Yin Xu, Guo-Qin Jiang
Voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) is thought to contribute to the progression of tumor development. However, whether VDAC1 contributes to bone cancer pain remains unknown. In this study, we found that the expression of VDAC1 was upregulated in the L2-5 segments of the spinal dorsal horn at 2 and 3 weeks after injection of tumor cells into the tibial cavity. Intrathecal injection of a VDAC1 inhibitor significantly reversed the pain hypersensitivity and reduced the over-expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)...
December 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
Juberiya M Azeez, Ravindran Vini, Viji Remadevi, Arun Surendran, Abdul Jaleel, T R Santhosh Kumar, S Sreeja
Progesterone is a biphasic hormone whose confounding role in breast cancer cells involves an initial proliferative surge, followed by sustained growth arrest. Recently we reported that progesterone induces a time- and concentration-dependent release of reactive oxygen species and thus regulates the antiproliferative activity in the breast cancer cell line. Furthermore, the expression of p27, a crucial cell cycle control protein, was regulated by binding of progesterone on progesterone receptor B, thus leading to antiproliferative signaling via multiple signaling pathways including p53, PTEN, and antioxidant systems...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Liang Ouyang, Lan Zhang, Jie Liu, Leilei Fu, Dahong Yao, Yuqian Zhao, Shouyue Zhang, Guan Wang, Gu He, Bo Liu
Upon the basis of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data set, we identified that several autophagy-related proteins such as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) were remarkably downregulated in breast cancer. Combined with coimmunoprecipitation assay, we demonstrated that BRD4 might interact with AMPK. After analyses of the pharmacophore and WPF interaction optimization, we designed a small-molecule inhibitor of BRD4, 9f (FL-411) which was validated by cocrystal structure with BD1 of BRD4. Subsequently, 9f was discovered to induce ATG5-dependent autophagy-associated cell death (ACD) by blocking BRD4-AMPK interaction and thus activating AMPK-mTOR-ULK1-modulated autophagic pathway in breast cancer cells...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Dongqing Guo, Colin E Murdoch, Hao Xu, Hui Shi, Dayue Darrel Duan, Asif Ahmed, Yuchun Gu
Peripheral vascular occlusive disease (PVOD) is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis, and it has a high rate of morbidity. Therapeutic angiogenesis would re-establish blood perfusion and rescue ischemic tissue. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces angiogenesis and can potentially be used to treat ischemic diseases, yet in clinical trials VEGF has not fulfilled its full potential with side effects. Whether amino acids promote angiogenesis and the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Here we showed that (1) Glycine significantly promoted angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo and effectively protected mitochondrial function...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hongbao Tan, Li Chen, Jun Ma
Ischemic heart disease is a major cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Timely reperfusion is currently the most effective method of treating ischemic heart disease; however, abrupt reperfusion may cause ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Apoptosis serves an important role in the progression of myocardial I/R injury and it has been demonstrated that the mitochondria are the center of regulation for apoptosis. Penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) is used during surgery and has recently been identified as a new type of anticholinergic drug...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Michael González-Durruthy, Adriano V Werhli, Vinicius Seus, Karina S Machado, Alejandro Pazos, Cristian R Munteanu, Humberto González-Díaz, José M Monserrat
The current molecular docking study provided the Free Energy of Binding (FEB) for the interaction (nanotoxicity) between VDAC mitochondrial channels of three species (VDAC1-Mus musculus, VDAC1-Homo sapiens, VDAC2-Danio rerio) with SWCNT-H, SWCNT-OH, SWCNT-COOH carbon nanotubes. The general results showed that the FEB values were statistically more negative (p < 0.05) in the following order: (SWCNT-VDAC2-Danio rerio) > (SWCNT-VDAC1-Mus musculus) > (SWCNT-VDAC1-Homo sapiens) > (ATP-VDAC)...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Marianna Caterino, Margherita Ruoppolo, Annalisa Mandola, Michele Costanzo, Stefania Orrù, Esther Imperlini
Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) are a family of three mitochondrial porins and the most abundant integral membrane proteins of the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM). VDACs are known to be involved in metabolite/ion transport across the MOM and in many cellular processes ranging from mitochondria-mediated apoptosis to the control of energy metabolism, by interacting with cytosolic, mitochondrial and cytoskeletal proteins and other membrane channels. Despite redundancy and compensatory mechanisms among VDAC isoforms, they display not only different channel properties and protein expression levels, but also distinct protein partners...
November 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
Ji Seon Shim, Min-Young Song, Sung-Vin Yim, Seung-Eun Lee, Kang-Sik Park
BACKGROUND: A number of reports have described the protective effects of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the protective mechanisms of Rg1 in AD remain elusive. METHODS: To investigate the potential mechanisms of Rg1 in β-amyloid peptide-treated SH-SY5Y cells, a comparative proteomic analysis was performed using stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture combined with nano-LC-MS/MS. RESULTS: We identified a total of 1,149 proteins in three independent experiments...
October 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
Svetlana Rajkumar Maurya, Radhakrishnan Mahalakshmi
Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDACs) are the gateway to mitochondrial processes, interlinking the cytosolic and mitochondrial compartments. The mitochondrion acts as a storehouse for cytochrome c, the effector of apoptosis, and hence VDACs become intricately involved in the apoptotic pathway. Isoform 1 of VDAC is abundant in the outer mitochondrial membrane of many cell types, while isoform 2 is the preferred channel in specialized cells including brain and some cancer cells. The primary role of VDACs is metabolite flux...
November 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Rosenberg Nahum, Rosenberg Orit, Weizman Abraham, Veenman Leo, Gavish Moshe
The 18 kDa mitochondrial translocator protein (TSPO) ligands (10 µM), e. g., protoporphyrin IX, PK 11195 and FGIN-1-27, have different effects on metabolism and protein expression in human osteoblasts. In this study, we investigated the archetypical TSPO specific ligand Ro5-4864 (10 µM) effect in primary osteoblasts in culture aiming to further understand the TSPO role in these mature metabolically active cells.We found that following exposure to Ro5-4864, cellular [(18)F]-FDG incorporation and ATP content were reduced by 48% (p<0...
September 27, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Emily Tubbs, Annika S Axelsson, Guillaume Vial, Claes B Wollheim, Jennifer Rieusset, Anders H Rosengren
AIMS: Exaggerated hepatic glucose production is one of the hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. Sulforaphane (SFN) has been suggested as a new potential anti-diabetic compound. However, the effects of SFN in hepatocytes are yet unclear. Accumulating evidence points to the close structural contacts between the ER and mitochondria, known as mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs), as important hubs for hepatic metabolism. We wanted to investigate whether SFN could affect hepatic glucose production and MAMs...
September 18, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
You-Cheng Hseu, Varadharajan Thiyagarajan, Ting-Tsz Ou, Hsin-Ling Yang
Coenzyme Q (CoQ) analogs with variable numbers of isoprenoid units have been demonstrated as anticancer and antioxidant/pro-oxidant molecules. This study examined the in vitro and in vivo antitumor and apoptosis activities of CoQ0 (2,3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone, zero isoprenoid side-chains) through upregulation of the Voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) signaling pathway on human promyelocytic leukemia. CoQ0 (0-40 μg/mL) treatment significantly reduced HL-60 cell viability, and up-regulated mitochondrial VDAC1 expression...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
Tasleem Arif, Lilia Vasilkovsky, Yael Refaely, Alexander Konson, Varda Shoshan-Barmatz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Aikebaier Maimaiti, Amier Aili, Hureshitanmu Kuerban, Xuejun Li
Gallic acid (GA) is generally distributed in a variety of plants and foods, and possesses cell growth-inhibiting activities in cancer cell lines. In the present study, the impact of GA on cell viability, apoptosis induction and possible molecular mechanisms in cultured A549 lung carcinoma cells was investigated. In vitro experiments showed that treating A549 cells with various concentrations of GA inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. In order to understand the mechanism by which GA inhibits cell viability, comparative proteomic analysis was applied...
September 11, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
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