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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326111/low-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-peru
#1
Catherine P Benziger, José Alfredo Zavala-Loayza, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Robert H Gilman, William Checkley, Liam Smeeth, German Malaga, Juan Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of and factors associated with ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) by sociodemographic characteristics in Peru is not well known. METHODS: The American Heart Association's ICH score comprised 3 ideal health factors (blood pressure, untreated total cholesterol and glucose) and 4 ideal health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, high physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption). ICH was having 5 to 7 of the ideal health metrics...
January 11, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319730/effect-of-different-commercial-fat-sources-on-brain-liver-and-blood-lipid-profiles-of-rats-in-growth-phase
#2
Michel Cardoso de Angelis-Pereira, Maria de Fátima Píccolo Barcelos, Juciane de Abreu Ribeiro Pereira, Rafaela Corrêa Pereira, Raimundo Vicente de Souza
PURPOSE: To investigate the fatty acid content of different fat sources and evaluate the effect of them on plasma and hepatic lipids and on the fatty acid profile of the brain tissue of Wistar rats. METHODS: Thirty male albino Wistar rats received for 59 days, the following diets: diet added of margarine with low content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA); diet added of margarine with high content of PUFA; diet added of butter; diet added of hydrogenated vegetable fat; diet added of soybean oil...
December 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315507/lifestyle-factors-and-subsequent-ischemic-heart-disease-risk-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#3
Kasey J Leger, K Scott Baker, Kara L Cushing-Haugen, Mary E D Flowers, Wendy M Leisenring, Paul J Martin, Jason A Mendoza, Kerryn W Reding, Karen L Syrjala, Stephanie J Lee, Eric J Chow
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether modifiable cardiovascular risk conditions and lifestyle factors were temporally associated with an increased risk for ischemic heart disease and overall mortality in a cohort of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. METHODS: HCT recipients who had survived for ≥1 year, were ≥20 years old, and had undergone transplantation between 1970 and 2010 at a transplant referral center were surveyed in 2010-2011 about cardiovascular health and lifestyle factors (n = 3833)...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305130/effects-of-the-ser326cys-polymorphism-in-the-dna-repair-ogg1-gene-on-cancer-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-predimed-study-modulation-by-diet
#4
Dolores Corella, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Oscar Coltell, Carolina Ortega-Azorín, Ramón Estruch, Miguel A Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, José V Sorlí, Olga Castañer, Fernando Arós, Franscisco J Garcia-Corte, Lluís Serra-Majem, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Xavier Pintó, Guillermo T Saez, Estefanía Toledo, Josep Basora, Montserrat Fitó, Montserrat Cofán, Emilio Ros, Jose M Ordovas
BACKGROUND: Oxidatively induced DNA damage, an important factor in cancer etiology, is repaired by oxyguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1). The lower repair capacity genotype (homozygote Cys326Cys) in the OGG1-rs1052133 (Ser326Cys) polymorphism has been associated with cancer risk. However, no information is available in relation to cancer mortality, other causes of death, and modulation by diet. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association of the OGG1-rs1052133 with total, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and to analyze its modulation by the Mediterranean diet, focusing especially on total vegetable intake as one of the main characteristics of this diet...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300725/association-between-intake-of-less-healthy-foods-defined-by-the-united-kingdom-s-nutrient-profile-model-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Oliver T Mytton, Nita G Forouhi, Peter Scarborough, Marleen Lentjes, Robert Luben, Mike Rayner, Kay Tee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Pablo Monsivais
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, the Food Standards Agency-Ofcom nutrient profiling model (FSA-Ofcom model) is used to define less-healthy foods that cannot be advertised to children. However, there has been limited investigation of whether less-healthy foods defined by this model are associated with prospective health outcomes. The objective of this study was to test whether consumption of less-healthy food as defined by the FSA-Ofcom model is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295478/bioactive-compounds-in-brassicaceae-vegetables-with-a-role-in-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Assunta Raiola, Angela Errico, Ganna Petruk, Daria Maria Monti, Amalia Barone, Maria Manuela Rigano
The beneficial role of the Mediterranean diet in the prevention of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and obesity, is well-recognized. In this context, Brassicaceae are considered important vegetables due to several evidences of their health promoting effects that are associated to bioactive compounds present in the edible parts of the plants. In this review, the mechanisms of action and the factors regulating the levels of the bioactive compounds in Brassicaceae have been discussed...
December 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273039/including-pork-in-the-mediterranean-diet-for-an-australian-population-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-cardiovascular-risk-and-cognitive-function
#7
Alexandra T Wade, Courtney R Davis, Kathryn A Dyer, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard J Woodman, Hannah A D Keage, Karen J Murphy
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet is characterised by the high consumption of extra virgin olive oil, fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes and nuts; moderate consumption of fish, poultry, eggs and dairy; and low consumption of red meat and sweets. Cross sectional, longitudinal and intervention studies indicate that a Mediterranean diet may be effective for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and dementia. However, previous research suggests that an Australian population may find red meat restrictions difficult, which could affect long term sustainability of the diet...
December 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229363/comparison-of-the-effects-of-flaxseed-oil-and-sunflower-seed-oil-consumption-on-serum-glucose-lipid-profile-blood-pressure-and-lipid-peroxidation-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Atefeh Akrami, Farzad Nikaein, Siavash Babajafari, Shiva Faghih, Hassan Yarmohammadi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) increases the risk of type II diabetes and morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases. Flaxseed oil (FO), as a functional food, is one of the major vegetal sources of essential omega-3 fatty acids. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of consumption of FO and sunflower seed oil (SO) on lipid peroxidation and other symptoms of MetSyn. METHODS: This randomized controlled interventional trial was conducted on 60 volunteers aged 30 to 60 years who were diagnosed with MetSyn in Shiraz, Iran...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225776/the-sedentary-r-evolution-have-we-lost-our-metabolic-flexibility
#9
Jens Freese, Rainer Johannes Klement, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Helmut Lötzerich
During the course of evolution, up until the agricultural revolution, environmental fluctuations forced the human species to develop a flexible metabolism in order to adapt its energy needs to various climate, seasonal and vegetation conditions. Metabolic flexibility safeguarded human survival independent of food availability. In modern times, humans switched their primal lifestyle towards a constant availability of energy-dense, yet often nutrient-deficient, foods, persistent psycho-emotional stressors and a lack of exercise...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#10
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198137/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-cardiovascular-health-and-lifestyle-habits-of-hospital-staff-in-the-uk-do-we-look-after-ourselves
#11
Tarun K Mittal, Christine L Cleghorn, Janet E Cade, Suzanne Barr, Tim Grove, Paul Bassett, David A Wood, Kornelia Kotseva
Background A high prevalence of stress-related disorders is well known among healthcare professionals. We set out to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and compliance with national dietary and physical activity recommendations in NHS staff in the UK with comparison between clinical and non-clinical staff, and national surveys. Design A multi-centre cross-sectional study. Methods A web-based questionnaire was developed to include anonymised data on demographics, job role, cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, dietary habits, physical activity and barriers towards healthy lifestyle...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194424/functional-foods-and-lifestyle-approaches-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Ahmad Alkhatib, Catherine Tsang, Ali Tiss, Theeshan Bahorun, Hossein Arefanian, Roula Barake, Abdelkrim Khadir, Jaakko Tuomilehto
Functional foods contain biologically active ingredients associated with physiological health benefits for preventing and managing chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A regular consumption of functional foods may be associated with enhanced anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, insulin sensitivity, and anti-cholesterol functions, which are considered integral to prevent and manage T2DM. Components of the Mediterranean diet (MD)-such as fruits, vegetables, oily fish, olive oil, and tree nuts-serve as a model for functional foods based on their natural contents of nutraceuticals, including polyphenols, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, sterols, pigments, and unsaturated fatty acids...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178869/the-potential-impact-of-food-taxes-and-subsidies-on-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-burden-and-disparities-in-the-united-states
#13
José L Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Renata Micha, Colin D Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Laurie Whitsel, Parke Wilde, Tom Gaziano, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Fiscal interventions are promising strategies to improve diets, reduce cardiovascular disease and diabetes (cardiometabolic diseases; CMD), and address health disparities. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of specific dietary taxes and subsidies on CMD deaths and disparities in the US. METHODS: Using nationally representative data, we used a comparative risk assessment to model the potential effects on total CMD deaths and disparities of price subsidies (10%, 30%) on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts/seeds and taxes (10%, 30%) on processed meat, unprocessed red meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages...
November 27, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145355/disparities-in-state-specific-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-united-states-2015
#14
Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Latetia V Moore, Heidi M Blanck, Diane M Harris, Deb Galuska
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume more fruits and vegetables as part of an overall dietary pattern to reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity (1). Adults should consume 1.5-2.0 cup equivalents of fruits and 2.0-3.0 cups of vegetables per day.* Overall, few adults in each state met intake recommendations according to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; however, sociodemographic characteristics known to be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption were not examined (2)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#15
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136632/saturated-fat-intake-is-related-to-heart-rate-variability-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary%C3%A2-syndrome
#16
Scheila K Graff, Fernanda M Mario, Jose A Magalhães, Ruy S Moraes, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a heightened risk for cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) may reflect subclinical cardiovascular disease, with a putative association between HRV and dietary fat. This study evaluated HRV in PCOS and control women based on the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA). METHODS: Biochemical/hormonal profile, resting metabolic rate, physical activity, HRV in response to the Stroop test, and dietary intake were assessed in 84 PCOS and 54 control women stratified by median SFA intake in the PCOS group (8...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131285/favourable-hypotensive-effect-after-standardised-tomato-extract-treatment-in-hypertensive-subjects-at-high-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Beata Krasińska, Angelika Osińska, Aleksandra Krasińska, Maciej Osiński, Piotr Rzymski, Andrzej Tykarski, Zbigniew Krasiński
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading global cause of death. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of CV complications, especially stroke and acute coronary events, and it delays the progression of kidney disease. Adequate non-pharmacological treatment improves the effectiveness of the antihypertensive therapy. A Mediterranean diet with high content of vegetables (rich in tomatoes) is associated with a reduced CV risk. AIM: The main objective of the present study was to assess if the addition of standardised extract of tomato (STE) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) to standard antihypertensive therapy can improve blood pressure control in patients with hypertension (HT)...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117118/diet-and-asthma-is-it-time-to-adapt-our-message
#18
REVIEW
Laurent Guilleminault, Evan J Williams, Hayley A Scott, Bronwyn S Berthon, Megan Jensen, Lisa G Wood
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder which is associated with airway inflammation. Environmental factors, in association with genetic susceptibility, play a critical role in asthma pathophysiology. Inhaled allergens, smoke exposure, indoor and outdoor air pollution are common triggers of asthma symptoms. Although the role of diet has clearly established mechanisms in diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, it is not commonly identified as a causal factor in asthma. However, some dietary patterns, such as the Western diet, which includes a high intake of refined grains, processed and red meats, and desserts, have pro-inflammatory effects...
November 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114946/reported-gum-disease-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-factor-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
K Hsieh, S Murthy, T Heller, J H Rimmer, G Yen
BACKGROUND: Several risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been identified among adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Periodontitis has been reported to increase the risk of developing a CVD in the general population. Given that individuals with ID have been reported to have a higher prevalence of poor oral health than the general population, the purpose of this study was to determine whether adults with ID with informant reported gum disease present greater reported CVD than those who do not have reported gum disease and whether gum disease can be considered a risk factor for CVD...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106612/mediterranean-diet-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Philippe Chauveau, Michel Aparicio, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Katrina Campbell, Xu Hong, Lina Johansson, Anne Kolko, Pablo Molina, Siren Sezer, Christoph Wanner, Pieter M Ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Denis Fouque, Juan J Carrero
Traditional dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focuses on the quantity within the diet of energy and protein, and the restriction of single micronutrients, with little mention of dietary quality. Dietary patterns that are more plant-based, lower in meat (including processed meat), sodium and refined sugar, and have a higher content of grains and fibres are now included in multiple clinical guidelines for chronic disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence in both observational and interventional studies...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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