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vegetables and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145355/disparities-in-state-specific-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-united-states-2015
#1
Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Latetia V Moore, Heidi M Blanck, Diane M Harris, Deb Galuska
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume more fruits and vegetables as part of an overall dietary pattern to reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity (1). Adults should consume 1.5-2.0 cup equivalents of fruits and 2.0-3.0 cups of vegetables per day.* Overall, few adults in each state met intake recommendations according to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; however, sociodemographic characteristics known to be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption were not examined (2)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142179/usefulness-of-a-short-dietary-propensity-questionnaire-in-japan
#2
Nagako Okuda, Kazuyoshi Itai, Akira Okayama
AIM: There is a growing need for nutritional education for prevention and non-pharmacological treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We compared the results of a short dietary propensity questionnaire (SDPQ) with those from the food frequency and quantity survey (FF Quantity), which had been previously quantitatively assessed by comparison with the 24-hr dietary recall (24hr-DR), to examine the usefulness of the SDPQ. The SDPQ was designed to assess dietary propensities of 12 food/nutrients relevant to CVD risk factors...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136632/saturated-fat-intake-is-related-to-heart-rate-variability-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary%C3%A2-syndrome
#3
Scheila K Graff, Fernanda M Mario, Jose A Magalhães, Ruy S Moraes, Poli Mara Spritzer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is a heightened risk for cardiovascular diseases in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) may reflect subclinical cardiovascular disease, with a putative association between HRV and dietary fat. This study evaluated HRV in PCOS and control women based on the dietary intake of saturated fatty acid (SFA). METHODS: Biochemical/hormonal profile, resting metabolic rate, physical activity, HRV in response to the Stroop test, and dietary intake were assessed in 84 PCOS and 54 control women stratified by median SFA intake in the PCOS group (8...
November 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131285/favourable-hypotensive-effect-after-standardised-tomato-extract-treatment-in-hypertensive-subjects-at-high-estimated-cardiovascular-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Beata Krasińska, Angelika Osińska, Aleksandra Krasińska, Maciej Osiński, Piotr Rzymski, Andrzej Tykarski, Zbigniew Krasiński
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading global cause of death. Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of CV complications, especially stroke and acute coronary events, and it delays the progression of kidney disease. Adequate non-pharmacological treatment improves the effectiveness of the antihypertensive therapy. A Mediterranean diet with high content of vegetables (rich in tomatoes) is associated with a reduced CV risk. AIM: The main objective of the present study was to assess if the addition of standardised extract of tomato (STE) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) to standard antihypertensive therapy can improve blood pressure control in patients with hypertension (HT)...
November 13, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117118/diet-and-asthma-is-it-time-to-adapt-our-message
#5
REVIEW
Laurent Guilleminault, Evan J Williams, Hayley A Scott, Bronwyn S Berthon, Megan Jensen, Lisa G Wood
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder which is associated with airway inflammation. Environmental factors, in association with genetic susceptibility, play a critical role in asthma pathophysiology. Inhaled allergens, smoke exposure, indoor and outdoor air pollution are common triggers of asthma symptoms. Although the role of diet has clearly established mechanisms in diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, it is not commonly identified as a causal factor in asthma. However, some dietary patterns, such as the Western diet, which includes a high intake of refined grains, processed and red meats, and desserts, have pro-inflammatory effects...
November 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114946/reported-gum-disease-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-factor-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
K Hsieh, S Murthy, T Heller, J H Rimmer, G Yen
BACKGROUND: Several risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been identified among adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Periodontitis has been reported to increase the risk of developing a CVD in the general population. Given that individuals with ID have been reported to have a higher prevalence of poor oral health than the general population, the purpose of this study was to determine whether adults with ID with informant reported gum disease present greater reported CVD than those who do not have reported gum disease and whether gum disease can be considered a risk factor for CVD...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106612/mediterranean-diet-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Philippe Chauveau, Michel Aparicio, Vincenzo Bellizzi, Katrina Campbell, Xu Hong, Lina Johansson, Anne Kolko, Pablo Molina, Siren Sezer, Christoph Wanner, Pieter M Ter Wee, Daniel Teta, Denis Fouque, Juan J Carrero
Traditional dietary management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) focuses on the quantity within the diet of energy and protein, and the restriction of single micronutrients, with little mention of dietary quality. Dietary patterns that are more plant-based, lower in meat (including processed meat), sodium and refined sugar, and have a higher content of grains and fibres are now included in multiple clinical guidelines for chronic disease prevention. The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with reduced cardiovascular disease incidence in both observational and interventional studies...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101174/dietary-nitrate-supplementation-in-cardiovascular-health-an-ergogenic-aid-or-exercise-therapeutic
#8
Mary N Woessner, Luke Colin McIlvenna, Joaquin Ortiz de Zevallos, Christopher Neil, Jason David Allen
Oral consumption of inorganic nitrate, which is abundant in green leafy vegetables and roots, has been shown to increase circulating plasma nitrite concentration, which can be converted to NO in low oxygen conditions. The associated beneficial physiological effects include a reduction in blood pressure, modification of platelet aggregation and increases in limb blood flow. There have been numerous studies of nitrate supplementation in healthy recreational and competitive athletes, however, the ergogenic benefits are currently unclear due to a variety of factors including small sample sizes, different dosing regimens, variable nitrate conversion rates, the heterogeneity of participants' initial fitness levels and the types of exercise tests employed...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099707/hyperhomocysteinemia-as-a-predictor-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-lead-exposed-subjects
#9
О Karlova, A Grinzovskyy, O Kuzminska, I Karvatsky
Homocysteine is independent risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Therefore, the aim of our study was to establish the relationship between the concentration of lead in the blood of patients who were in contact with this heavy metal at work and clinical manifestations. The subjects of the study were 203 men 38 to 47 years old. The main group consisted of 146 people who were in direct contact with lead at work (cable network repair), the control group was 57 people (engineers and technicians)...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082745/cross-sectional-stepwise-approach-to-surveillance-steps-population-survey-of-noncommunicable-diseases-ncds-and-risk-factors-in-brunei-darussalam-2016
#10
Sok King Ong, Daphne Teck Ching Lai, Justin Yun Yaw Wong, Khairil Azhar Si-Ramlee, Lubna Abdul Razak, Norhayati Kassim, Zakaria Kamis, David Koh
This article provides a cross-sectional weighted measurement of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and risk factors prevalence among Brunei adult population using WHO STEPS methodology. A 2-staged randomized sampling was conducted during August 2015 to April 2016. Three-step surveillance included (1) interview using standardized questionnaire, (2) blood pressure and anthropometric measurements, and (3) biochemistry tests. Data weighting was applied. A total of 3808 adults aged 18 to 69 years participated in step 1; 2082 completed steps 2 and 3 measurements...
October 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074382/relationship-between-mediterranean-diet-and-asymptomatic-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-a-population-of-pre-menopausal-women
#11
A V Mattioli, F Coppi, M Migaldi, P Scicchitano, M M Ciccone, A Farinetti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Mediterranean Diet (MedD) is considered a very healthy diet useful in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. The present study aims to evaluate adherence to MedD in unselected premenopausal women and its relation with ankle-brachial index (ABI), an index of preclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: A group of 425 patients (age range 45-54 years) was investigated. They were enrolled only if they were asymptomatic for cardiovascular disease...
October 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072172/flavonoid-intake-and-mortality-from-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-causes-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#12
Youngyo Kim, Youjin Je
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Accumulating studies have suggested that flavonoid intake is associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There are many epidemiological studies on flavonoid intake and mortality, but no comprehensive investigation has yet been conducted. To quantitatively assess the association between flavonoid intake and mortality from CVD and all-causes, we performed a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. METHODS: Eligible studies were identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science databases for all articles published up to May 2016 and via hand searching...
August 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069270/cardiovascular-health-in-brazilian-state-capitals-1
#13
Fernanda Penido Matozinhos, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Crizian Saar Gomes, Ann Kristine Jansen, Ísis Eloah Machado, Francisco Carlos Félix Lana, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Gustavo Velaquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: to estimate the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health indicators in the Brazilian population, according to gender, age, education and region of residence. METHOD: cross-sectional study that used data from 41,134 participants of the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel). The ideal cardiovascular health assessment considers four behavioral factors: not smoking; body mass index less than 25 kg/m2; practicing physical activity, eating fruits and vegetables five or more times per day; and two clinical factors (no diagnosis of diabetes or hypertension)...
October 19, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068582/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-pharmacy-students-from-wroclaw-medical-university-poland
#14
Rafał Ilow, Dorota Różańska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic processes begin in childhood and their development worsens during adolescence. Early prevention of CVD risk factors may have an important impact on the future health of young people. It can be also helpful in reducing the costs of treating CVD later in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among pharmacy students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,168 pharmacy students (892 women and 276 men) from Wroclaw Medical University...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066442/cruciferous-and-allium-vegetable-intakes-are-inversely-associated-with-15-year-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-deaths-in-older-adult-women
#15
Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Catherine P Bondonno, Joshua R Lewis, Amanda Devine, Kun Zhu, Wai H Lim, Richard J Woodman, Lawrence J Beilin, Richard L Prince, Jonathan M Hodgson
BACKGROUND: Higher vegetable intake is consistently associated with lower atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) events. However, the components responsible and mechanisms involved are uncertain. Nonnutritive phytochemicals may be involved. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of total vegetable intake and types of vegetables grouped according to phytochemical constituents with ASVD mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 1226 Australian women aged 70 years and older without clinical ASVD or diabetes mellitus at baseline (1998)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061843/temporal-trends-in-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-profiles-in-a-population-based-schizophrenia-sample-a-repeat-cross-sectional-study
#16
Maria Chiu, Farah Rahman, Simone Vigod, Andrew S Wilton, Paul Kurdyak
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia have an increased burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD); however, little is known about the cardiovascular risk factor profiles of non-institutionalised individuals with schizophrenia. This study estimated the prevalence of CVD risk factors in a population-based sample of Canadians with and without schizophrenia. METHODS: Ontario respondents of the Canadian Community Health Survey were linked to administrative health databases; using a validated algorithm, we identified 1103 non-institutionalised individuals with schizophrenia and 156 376 without schizophrenia...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056912/luteolin-a-flavonoid-that-has-multiple-cardio-protective-effects-and-its-molecular-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
Yuanyuan Luo, Pingping Shang, Dongye Li
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has become the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A well-monitored diet with a sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables has been confirmed as a primary prevention of CVD. Plant constituents such as flavonoids have been shown to confer healthy benefits. Luteolin (Lut), a kind of flavonoid, possesses anti-oxidative, anti-tumor, and anti-inflammatory properties. Recent scientific literature has reported the cardiac protective effects of Lut in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, the aim of this review is to provide an update and detailed overview with cardio-protective molecular mechanisms of Lut with a focus on multiple intrinsic and extrinsic effectors...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056165/the-leaky-gut-and-altered-microbiome-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Wei Ling Lau, Nosratola D Vaziri
Chronic kidney disease results in disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier as well as profound changes in the gut microbial flora. These events are largely mediated by (1) heavy influx of circulating urea to the gut lumen and (2) dietary restrictions of foods containing high fiber (such as fruits and vegetable) and symbiotic organisms (such as yogurt and cheese) imposed to mitigate hyperkalemia and hyperphosphatemia. Collectively, these factors promote systemic inflammation and cardiovascular morbidity by mediating microbial dysbiosis, disruption of the intestinal epithelial barrier, and translocation of endotoxin, bacterial fragments, and uremic toxins across the "leaky gut" into the bloodstream...
November 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044265/a-comprehensive-review-of-the-health-perspectives-of-resveratrol
#19
REVIEW
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria, Bashir Ahmad, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Many natural products present in our diet, including flavonoids, can prevent the progression of cancer and other diseases. Resveratrol, a natural polyphenol present in various fruits and vegetables, plays an important role as a therapeutic and chemopreventive agent used in the treatment of various illnesses. It exhibits effects against different types of cancer through different pathways. It additionally exerts antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant effects in a variety of cell types. Furthermore, the cardiovascular protective capacities of resveratrol are associated with multiple molecular targets and may lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for atherosclerosis, ischemia/reperfusion, metabolic syndrome, and heart failure...
October 18, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043006/does-dietary-fat-affect-inflammatory-markers-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-a-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-from-2010-to-2016
#20
REVIEW
Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Jacob J Christensen, Stine M Ulven, Kirsten B Holven
BACKGROUND: Obesity, a major cause of death and disability, is increasing worldwide. Obesity is characterized by a chronic, low-grade inflammatory state which is suggested to play a critical role in the development of obesity-related diseases like cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. In fact, in the hours following consumption of a meal, a transient increase in inflammatory markers occurs, a response that is exaggerated in obese subjects. Dietary composition, including content of dietary fatty acids, may affect this inflammatory response both acutely and chronically, and thereby be predictive of progression of disease...
2017: Genes & Nutrition
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