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vegetables and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#1
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#2
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760813/protective-and-restorative-effects-of-nutrients-and-phytochemicals
#3
REVIEW
Tania Rescigno, Mario F Tecce, Anna Capasso
Intoroduction: Dietary intake fundamentally provides reintegration of energy and essential nutrients to human organisms. However, its qualitative and quantitative composition strongly affects individual's health, possibly being either a preventive or a risk factor. It was shown that nutritional status resulting from long-term exposition to specific diet formulations can outstandingly reduce incidences of most common and most important diseases of the developed world, such as cardiovascular and neoplastic diseases...
2018: Open Biochemistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759108/a-western-dietary-pattern-is-prospectively-associated-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-incidence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Peter Wallström, Marju Orho-Melander
The aim of this study was to derive dietary patterns associated with cardio-metabolic traits and to examine whether these predict prospective changes in these traits and incidence of the metabolic syndrome (iMetS). Subjects from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cardiovascular cohort without cardio-metabolic disease and related drug treatments at baseline (n 4071; aged 45-67 years, 40 % men) were included. We applied reduced rank regression on thirty-eight foods to derive patterns that explain variation in response variables measured at baseline (waist circumference, TAG, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin)...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#5
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753396/prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-the-million-veteran-program
#6
Xuan-Mai T Nguyen, Rachel M Quaden, Sarah Wolfrum, Rebecca J Song, Joseph Q Yan, David R Gagnon, Peter W F Wilson, Kelly Cho, Christopher O'Donnell, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djousse
No data exist on the prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in a national sample of U.S. veterans. We assessed the prevalence of ideal Life's Simple Seven (LSS) metrics in a cross-sectional study of 554,855 U.S. veterans enrolled in the Million Veteran Program (MVP) from 2011 to 2017. We used the American Heart Association's established criteria to categorize each LSS metric as either poor, intermediate, or ideal for a veteran at time of MVP enrollment. Information on adiposity/body mass index, smoking status, diet, and physical activity was obtained from self-reported survey data, and clinical measurements for total cholesterol, blood pressure, and plasma glucose were obtained from electronic health records...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752709/association-between-a-pro-plant-based-dietary-score-and-cancer-risk-in-the-prospective-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#7
Abou Kane-Diallo, Bernard Srour, Laury Sellem, Mélanie Deschasaux, Paule Latino-Martel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Philippine Fassier, Françoise Guéraud, Fabrice H Pierre, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier
Diverse plant products (e.g. fruits, vegetables, legumes) are associated with decreased cancer risk at several locations while red and processed meat were found to increase cancer risk. A pro plant-based dietary score reflecting the relative contribution of consumed plant vs animal products was developed, and was associated with lower overall mortality, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk, among omnivorous adults. For the first time, we investigated the prospective associations between this pro plant-based dietary score and cancer risk...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751617/cardiovascular-health-benefits-of-specific-vegetable-types-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Marc Sim, Catherine P Bondonno, Nicola P Bondonno, Natalie C Ward, Richard L Prince, Amanda Devine, Joshua R Lewis, Jonathan M Hodgson
Adequate vegetable consumption is one of the cornerstones of a healthy diet. The recommendation to increase vegetable intake is part of most dietary guidelines. Despite widespread and long-running public health messages to increase vegetable intake, similar to other countries worldwide, less than 1 in 10 adult Australians manage to meet target advice. Dietary guidelines are predominantly based on studies linking diets high in vegetables with lower risk of chronic diseases. Identifying vegetables with the strongest health benefits and incorporating these into dietary recommendations may enhance public health initiatives around vegetable intake...
May 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750172/proanthocyanidins-against-oxidative-stress-from-molecular-mechanisms-to-clinical-applications
#9
REVIEW
Lingyu Yang, Dehai Xian, Xia Xiong, Rui Lai, Jing Song, Jianqiao Zhong
Proanthocyanidins (PCs) are naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds abundant in many vegetables, plant skins (rind/bark), seeds, flowers, fruits, and nuts. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated myriad effects potentially beneficial to human health, such as antioxidation, anti-inflammation, immunomodulation, DNA repair, and antitumor activity. Accumulation of prooxidants such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) exceeding cellular antioxidant capacity results in oxidative stress (OS), which can damage macromolecules (DNA, lipids, and proteins), organelles (membranes and mitochondria), and whole tissues...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745362/does-dietary-nitrate-say-no-to-cardiovascular-ageing-current-evidence-and-implications-for-research
#10
Mario Siervo, Filippo Scialò, Oliver M Shannon, Blossom C M Stephan, Ammar W Ashor
CVD are characterised by a multi-factorial pathogenesis. Key pathogenetic steps in the development of CVD are the occurrence of endothelial dysfunction and formation of atherosclerotic lesions. Reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is a primary event in the initiation of the atherosclerotic cascade. NO is a free radical with multiple physiological functions including the regulation of vascular resistance, coagulation, immunity and oxidative metabolism. The synthesis of NO proceeds via two distinct pathways identified as enzymatic and non-enzymatic...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742063/intake-of-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-products-and-correlates-among-school-boys-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Ali Saad R Alsubaie
Background Healthy dietary behaviors have a significant impact on children's health and development. Diets high in fruit and vegetables demonstrate a strong and consistent pattern for decreasing the risk of and providing benefits against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity and many cancers. Yet, little is known about the pattern of fruit, vegetables and dairy products consumption among children in Saudi Arabia. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of fruit, vegetables and milk products and their dietary correlates among school boys in Saudi Arabia...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737105/-analysis-of-pathogens-and-clinical-characteristics-in-157-cases-with-infective-endocarditis
#12
Fei-Fei Zhao, Yang Lu, Hui Ye, Ce-Jun Zhong, Liang Huang, Xiao-Ju Lü
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in culture-positive patients,so as to provide the evidences for reasonable diagnosis and treatment of IE. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 157 culture-positive IE cases,which were diagnosed according to modified Duke criteria for IE from Jan. 2008 to Aug. 2015. RESULTS: The average age of 157 cases of IE was 40.85 years. One hundred and one patients (64...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728371/ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-couples-a-community-based-study
#13
Sebhat Erqou, Oluremi Ajala, Claudia E Bambs, Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Jared Magnani, Aryan Aiyer, Steven E Reis
BACKGROUND: Determination of the correlation of ideal cardiovascular health variables among spousal or cohabitating partners may guide the development of couple-based interventions to reduce cardiovascular disease risk. METHOD AND RESULTS: We used data from the HeartSCORE (Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation) study. Ideal cardiovascular health, defined by the American Heart Association, comprises nonsmoking, body mass index <25 kg/m2 , physical activity at goal, diet consistent with guidelines, untreated total cholesterol <200 mg/dL, untreated blood pressure <120/80 mm Hg, and untreated fasting glucose <100 mg/dL...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723390/green-spaces-and-mortality-due-to-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-city-of-rio-de-janeiro
#14
Ismael Henrique da Silveira, Washington Leite Junger
OBJECTIVE Investigate the association between exposure to green spaces and mortality from ischemic heart and cerebrovascular diseases, and the role of socioeconomic status in this relationship, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. METHODS Ecological study, with the census tracts as unit of analysis. This study used data from deaths due to ischemic heart and cerebrovascular diseases among residents aged over 30 years, from 2010 to 2012. Exposure to green was estimated using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index based on satellite images...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721509/anthocyanins-function-as-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-a-drosophila-model-for-adipose-tissue-macrophage-infiltration
#15
Alice Valenza, Carola Bonfanti, Maria Enrica Pasini, Paola Bellosta
Epidemiological and preclinical studies have demonstrated that bioactive foods like flavonoids, polyphenolic compounds derived from fruits and vegetables, exert a protective action against obesity, cardiovascular disorders, and Adipocyte Tissue Macrophage infiltration (ATM). All these pathologies are characterized by increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and in proinflammatory cytokines that have been shown to favor the migration of immune cells, particularly of macrophages, in metabolically active organs like the liver and adipose tissue, that in Drosophila are constituted by a unique organ: the fat body...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720928/evaluation-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-cardiovascular-disease-related-diet-and-lifestyle-factors
#16
Karianne Svendsen, Hege Berg Henriksen, Beate Østengen, David R Jacobs, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Monica H Carlsen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: The Vascular lifestyle-Intervention and Screening in phArmacies (VISA) study investigates diet and lifestyle factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As part of the study methodology, a short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the VISA-FFQ, was adapted from the Norwegian NORDIET-FFQ. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the VISA-FFQ and its ability to estimate intakes of foods and lifestyle factors in screening for elevated risk of CVD...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719446/ursolic-acid-in-health-and-disease
#17
REVIEW
Dae Yun Seo, Sung Ryul Lee, Jun-Won Heo, Mi-Hyun No, Byoung Doo Rhee, Kyung Soo Ko, Hyo-Bum Kwak, Jin Han
Ursolic acid (UA) is a natural triterpene compound found in various fruits and vegetables. There is a growing interest in UA because of its beneficial effects, which include anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-carcinogenic effects. It exerts these effects in various tissues and organs: by suppressing nuclear factor-kappa B signaling in cancer cells, improving insulin signaling in adipose tissues, reducing the expression of markers of cardiac damage in the heart, decreasing inflammation and increasing the level of anti-oxidants in the brain, reducing apoptotic signaling and the level of oxidants in the liver, and reducing atrophy and increasing the expression levels of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase and irisin in skeletal muscles...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702680/the-economic-burden-of-not-meeting-food-recommendations-in-canada-the-cost-of-doing-nothing
#18
Jessica R L Lieffers, John Paul Ekwaru, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
Few studies have estimated the economic burden of chronic diseases (e.g., type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancers) attributable to unhealthy eating. In this study, we estimated the economic burden of chronic disease attributable to not meeting Canadian food recommendations. We first obtained chronic disease risk estimates for intakes of both protective (1. vegetables; 2. fruit; 3. whole grains; 4. milk; 5. nuts and seeds) and harmful (6. processed meat; 7. red meat; 8. sugar-sweetened beverages) foods from the Global Burden of Disease Study, and food intakes from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey 24-hour dietary recalls (n = 33,932 respondents)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702040/impact-of-diets-rich-in-whole-grains-and-fruits-and-vegetables-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomized-clinical-feeding-trial
#19
Somaye Fatahi, Elnaz Daneshzad, Hamed Kord-Varkaneh, Nick Bellissimo, Neil R Brett, Leila Azadbakht
OBJECTIVE: Previous interventions have reported desirable effects of diets rich in whole grains or rich in fruits and vegetables on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and weight management. However, data are lacking regarding the effect of these fiber sources separately. The aim of this randomized clinical feeding trial was to investigate the effects of fiber-rich diets with different sources of fiber (fruits, vegetables, and whole grains) on weight loss and CVD risk factors in overweight and obese women...
April 27, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700071/defining-the-human-envirome-an-omics-approach-for-assessing-the-environmental-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
Daniel W Riggs, Ray A Yeager, Aruni Bhatnagar
Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease, but in comparison with genetics, environmental factors have received less attention. Evaluation of environmental determinants of cardiovascular disease is limited by the lack of comprehensive omics approaches for integrating multiple environmental exposures. Hence, to understand the effects of the environment as a whole (envirome), it is important to delineate specific domains of the environment and to assess how, individually and collectively; these domains affect cardiovascular health...
April 27, 2018: Circulation Research
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