keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

vegetables and cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#1
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709033/vegetated-land-cover-near-residence-is-associated-with-reduced-allostatic-load-and-improved-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-metabolic-and-immune-functions
#2
Andrey I Egorov, Shannon M Griffin, Reagan R Converse, Jennifer N Styles, Elizabeth A Sams, Anthony Wilson, Laura E Jackson, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress with a biomarker-based composite measure of physiological dysregulation known as allostatic load. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to assess the relationship between vegetated land cover near residences and allostatic load...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698515/post-disaster-food-and-nutrition-from-urban-agriculture-a-self-sufficiency-analysis-of-nerima-ward-tokyo
#3
Giles Bruno Sioen, Makiko Sekiyama, Toru Terada, Makoto Yokohari
Background: Post-earthquake studies from around the world have reported that survivors relying on emergency food for prolonged periods of time experienced several dietary related health problems. The present study aimed to quantify the potential nutrient production of urban agricultural vegetables and the resulting nutritional self-sufficiency throughout the year for mitigating post-disaster situations. Methods: We estimated the vegetable production of urban agriculture throughout the year. Two methods were developed to capture the production from professional and hobby farms: Method I utilized secondary governmental data on agricultural production from professional farms, and Method II was based on a supplementary spatial analysis to estimate the production from hobby farms...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691730/effects-of-colocynth-alkaloids-and-glycosides-on-wistar-rats-fed-high-fat-diet-a-biochemical-and-morphological-study
#4
Zahia Birem, Khadidja Tabani, Farid Lahfa, Rabah Djaziri, Fatima Hadjbekkouche, Elhadj Ahmed Koceir, Naima Omari
INTRODUCTION: . In traditional medicine, Citrullus colocynthis is used to treat diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular diseases, inflammation, and oxidative stress, all of which can appear when a diet rich in vegetable fats, such as palm oil, is continuously consumed. Such high-fat diets are chronic stressors of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The objective of our study was to analyze and evaluate the effects of colocynth total alkaloids and glycosides on metabolic, hormonal, and structural disorders of the adrenal medulla in Wistar rats fed a high-fat diet...
July 10, 2017: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649367/nitric-oxide-signalling-and-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-heart-under-stress
#5
REVIEW
Yin Hua Zhang
Nitric oxide (NO) is an imperative regulator of the cardiovascular system and is a critical mechanism in preventing the pathogenesis and progression of the diseased heart. The scenario of bioavailable NO in the myocardium is complex: 1) NO is derived from both endogenous NO synthases (endothelial, neuronal, and/or inducible NOSs [eNOS, nNOS, and/or iNOS]) and exogenous sources (entero-salivary NO pathway) and the amount of NO from exogenous sources varies significantly; 2) NOSs are located at discrete compartments of cardiac myocytes and are regulated by distinctive mechanisms under stress; 3) NO regulates diverse target proteins through different modes of post-transcriptional modification (soluble guanylate cyclase [sGC]/cyclic guanosine monophosphate [cGMP]/protein kinase G [PKG]-dependent phosphorylation, S-nitrosylation, and transnitrosylation); 4) the downstream effectors of NO are multidimensional and vary from ion channels in the plasma membrane to signalling proteins and enzymes in the mitochondria, cytosol, nucleus, and myofilament; 5) NOS produces several radicals in addition to NO (e...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644383/use-of-ultrasonication-technology-for-the-increased-production-of-plant-secondary-metabolites
#6
REVIEW
Md Mohidul Hasan, Tufail Bashir, Hanhong Bae
Plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) provide taste, color, odor, and resistance to plants, and they are also used to treat cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Synthesis of PSMs in plants is stimulated in response to different forms of external stress. Use of ultrasonication (US) to clean or decontaminate fruits and vegetables leads to physical stress that finally results in the accumulation of PSMs. US can stimulate accumulation of taxol, ginsenoside saponins, shikonin, and resveratrol, e.g., up to 319-fold increase of resveratrol synthesis has been observed in grape due to US...
June 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639974/an-evaluation-of-cardioprevent-a-technology-enabled-health-behavior-change-program-for-the-global-reduction-of-cardiovascular-risk
#7
Stephanie A Prince, Robert D Reid, Andrew L Pipe, Lisa A McDonnell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality globally. Primary CVD prevention programs have the potential to improve risk factor profiles and, ultimately, the risk of developing CVD. The present study presents an evaluation of CardioPrevent, a global cardiovascular risk reduction program. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the 478 participants enrolled in the CardioPrevent program, 308 and 236 had complete 6-month and 12-month data, respectively at the time of evaluation...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629279/understanding-determinants-of-cardiovascular-health-in-a-mexican-american-community
#8
Karen A Larimer, Meg Gulanick, Sue Penckofer
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Hispanic Americans. Social and physical determinants of health unique to this community must be understood before interventions can be designed and implemented. This article describes a CVD risk assessment conducted in a primarily Mexican American community, using Healthy People 2020 as a model. Social (language, culture, awareness of CVD, and socio-economic status) and physical (presence and use of recreation areas, presence of grocery stores, public transportation, and environmental pollution) determinants of health as well as access to health services were assessed...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620111/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Frank M Sacks, Alice H Lichtenstein, Jason H Y Wu, Lawrence J Appel, Mark A Creager, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, Eric B Rimm, Lawrence L Rudel, Jennifer G Robinson, Neil J Stone, Linda V Van Horn
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat intake and its replacement by other types of fats and carbohydrates on CVD...
June 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618011/the-healthy-effects-of-strawberry-bioactive-compounds-on-molecular-pathways-related-to-chronic-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Francesca Giampieri, Tamara Y Forbes-Hernandez, Massimiliano Gasparrini, Sadia Afrin, Danila Cianciosi, Patricia Reboredo-Rodriguez, Alfonso Varela-Lopez, Jose L Quiles, Bruno Mezzetti, Maurizio Battino
It is generally accepted that a fruit and vegetable-enriched diet is favorable for human health. The consumption of strawberries, in particular, has been related to the maintenance of well-being and the prevention of several chronic diseases, owing to the high contents of antioxidants and phytochemicals present in the fruit. Several biological effects have been explained through the total antioxidant capacity exerted by these bioactive compounds, but recently more intricate mechanisms have begun to be examined...
June 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615253/dietary-calcium-intake-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-stroke-and-fracture-in-a-population-with-low-calcium-intake
#11
Sung Hye Kong, Jung Hee Kim, A Ram Hong, Nam H Cho, Chan Soo Shin
Background: The role of dietary calcium intake in cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and fracture is controversial. Most previous reports have evaluated populations with high calcium intake.Objective: We aimed to evaluate whether high dietary calcium intake was associated with the risk of CVD, stroke, and fracture in a population with low calcium intake.Design: In a prospective cohort study beginning in 2001 in Ansung-Ansan, Korea, 2158 men and 2153 women aged >50 y were evaluated for all-cause mortality, CVD, stroke, and fractures over a median 9-y follow-up...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610958/sulfate-nitrate-and-blood-pressure-an-epic-interaction-between-sulfur-and-nitrogen
#12
REVIEW
Gunter G Kuhnle, Robert Luben, Kay-Tee Khaw, Martin Feelisch
Nitrate (NO3(-))-rich foods such as green leafy vegetables are not only part of a healthy diet, but increasingly marketed for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and used as ergogenic aids by competitive athletes. While there is abundant evidence for mild hypotensive effects of nitrate on acute application there is limited data on chronic intake in humans, and results from animal studies suggest no long-term benefit. This is important as nitrate can also promote the formation of nitrosamines...
August 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596448/association-of-vegetable-nitrate-intake-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-ischemic-cerebrovascular-disease-in-older-women
#13
Catherine P Bondonno, Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Richard L Prince, Kerry L Ivey, Joshua R Lewis, Amanda Devine, Richard J Woodman, Jon O Lundberg, Kevin D Croft, Peter L Thompson, Jonathan M Hodgson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A short-term increase in dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) improves markers of vascular health via formation of nitric oxide and other bioactive nitrogen oxides. Whether this translates into long-term vascular disease risk reduction has yet to be examined. We investigated the association of vegetable-derived nitrate intake with common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT), plaque severity, and ischemic cerebrovascular disease events in elderly women (n=1226). METHODS: Vegetable nitrate intake, lifestyle factors, and cardiovascular disease risk factors were determined at baseline (1998)...
June 8, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592610/adult-height-dietary-patterns-and-healthy-aging
#14
Wenjie Ma, Kaitlin A Hagan, Yoriko Heianza, Qi Sun, Eric B Rimm, Lu Qi
Background: Adult height has shown directionally diverse associations with several age-related disorders, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, decline in cognitive function, and mortality.Objectives: We investigated the associations of adult height with healthy aging measured by a full spectrum of health outcomes, including incidence of chronic diseases, memory, physical functioning, and mental health, among populations who have survived to older age, and whether lifestyle factors modified such relations...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588111/dietary-determinants-of-serum-total-cholesterol-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#15
Sujay S Kakarmath, Rachel M Zack, Germana H Leyna, Saman Fahimi, Enju Liu, Wafaie W Fawzi, Zohra Lukmanji, Japhet Killewo, Frank Sacks, Goodarz Danaei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the dietary determinants of serum total cholesterol. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Peri-urban region of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. PARTICIPANTS: 347 adults aged 40 years and older from the Dar es Salaam Urban Cohort Hypertension Study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Serum total cholesterol measured using a point-of-care device. RESULTS: Mean serum total cholesterol level was 204 mg/dL (IQR 169-236 mg/dL) in women and 185 mg/dL (IQR 152-216 mg/dL) in men...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587108/compliance-with-nutritional-and-lifestyle-recommendations-in-13-000-patients-with-a-cardiometabolic-disease-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#16
Solia Adriouch, Hélène Lelong, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Julia Baudry, Aurélie Lampuré, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Léopold K Fezeu
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet has been shown to prevent cardiovascular diseases complications. The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and compliance with nutritional and lifestyle recommendations in French adults diagnosed with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia or cardiovascular disease compared with healthy individuals. METHODS: Data was collected from 26,570 subjects aged 35 to 70 years (13,285 patients and 13,285 controls matched by sex and age) of the French cohort NutriNet-Santé...
May 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586351/reducing-us-cardiovascular-disease-burden-and-disparities-through-national-and-targeted-dietary-policies-a-modelling-study
#17
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Piotr Bandosz, Colin D Rehm, Jose Penalvo, Laurie Whitsel, Tom Gaziano, Zach Conrad, Parke Wilde, Renata Micha, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian, Martin O'Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Large socio-economic disparities exist in US dietary habits and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. While economic incentives have demonstrated success in improving dietary choices, the quantitative impact of different dietary policies on CVD disparities is not well established. We aimed to quantify and compare the potential effects on total CVD mortality and disparities of specific dietary policies to increase fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in the US...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582543/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#18
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Ximin Hu, Wei Hou, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
Background: Simultaneously adhering to multiple healthy lifestyle factors has been related to up to 90% reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in White populations; however, little is known about whether such protective effects persist in other non-White populations. Methods: We examined the associations of six lifestyle factors with T2DM in the China Kadoorie Biobank of 461 211 participants aged 30-79 years without diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or cancer at baseline...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566311/comparing-effectiveness-of-mass-media-campaigns-with-price-reductions-targeting-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-on-us-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-and-race-disparities
#19
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Piotr Bandosz, Colin D Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Jose L Peñalvo, Laurie Whitsel, Goodarz Danaei, Renata Micha, Tom Gaziano, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian, Martin O'Flaherty
Background: A low intake of fruits and vegetables (F&Vs) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the United States. Both mass media campaigns (MMCs) and economic incentives may increase F&V consumption. Few data exist on their comparative effectiveness.Objective: We estimated CVD mortality reductions potentially achievable by price reductions and MMC interventions targeting F&V intake in the US population.Design: We developed a US IMPACT Food Policy Model to compare 3 policies targeting F&V intake across US adults from 2015 to 2030: national MMCs and national F&V price reductions of 10% and 30%...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566306/association-of-dietary-nitrate-with-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-mortality-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-older-adult-women
#20
Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Catherine P Bondonno, Joshua R Lewis, Amanda Devine, Richard J Woodman, Kevin D Croft, Wai H Lim, Germaine Wong, Lawrence J Beilin, Richard L Prince, Jonathan M Hodgson
Background: Nitrate-rich vegetables lower blood pressure and improve endothelial function in humans. It is not known, however, whether increased consumption of nitrate-rich vegetables translates to a lower risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) mortality.Objective: The objective was to investigate the association of nitrate intake from vegetables with ASVD mortality.Design: A total of 1226 Australian women aged 70-85 y without prevalent ASVD and/or diabetes were recruited in 1998 and were studied for 15 y...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
75248
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"