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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916819/the-nutritional-value-and-health-benefits-of-chickpeas-and-hummus
#1
REVIEW
Taylor C Wallace, Robert Murray, Kathleen M Zelman
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advocate for increasing vegetable intake and replacing energy-dense foods with those that are nutrient-dense. Most Americans do not eat enough vegetables, and particularly legumes, each day, despite their well-established benefits for health. Traditional hummus is a nutrient-dense dip or spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas, blended with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, and spices. Consumers of chickpeas and/or hummus have been shown to have higher nutrient intakes of dietary fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C, folate, magnesium, potassium, and iron as compared to non-consumers...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904578/low-energy-density-diet-weight-loss-maintenance-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-following-a-recent-weight-reduction-program-a-randomized-control-trial
#2
Golgis Karimi, Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of a low energy dense diet on weight maintenance and cardiovascular risks following a recent weight reduction. Therefore, we assessed if weight maintenance, lipid profiles, and glycemic control differ between low energy density (LED) diet and usual diet consumers following a recent weight reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study in a parallel design, we recruited 70 patients with the history of weight reduction in the recent 1 year...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#3
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Moghadasian H Mohammed, Russel J Reiter, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
November 21, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868444/-plant-based-diets-a-review
#4
Zoltán Szabó, Attila Erdélyi, Andrea Gubicskóné Kisbenedek, Tamás Ungár, Éva Lászlóné Polyák, Szilvia Szekeresné Szabó, Réka Erika Kovács, László Bence Raposa, Mária Figler
Plant-based diet is an old-new trend in nutrition. In this review based on a historical context, we wish to introduce this popular nutritional trend. Our aim is to present plant-based diet as a primary measure for prevention. We intend to critically analyse some past stereotypes related to plant-based diet - whose main components include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds - according to the literature (e.g. protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron intake) by doing so we wish to create an adequate conceptual basis for its interpretation...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846846/action-mechanism-and-cardiovascular-effect-of-anthocyanins-a-systematic-review-of-animal-and-human-studies
#5
REVIEW
Jordano Ferreira Reis, Valter Vinicius Silva Monteiro, Rafaelli de Souza Gomes, Matheus Moraes do Carmo, Glauber Vilhena da Costa, Paula Cardoso Ribera, Marta Chagas Monteiro
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are an important cause of death worldwide. Anthocyanins are a subgroup of flavonoids found in berries, flowers, fruits and leaves. In epidemiological and clinical studies, these polyphenols have been associated with improved cardiovascular risk profiles as well as decreased comorbidities. Human intervention studies using berries, vegetables, parts of plants and cereals (either fresh or as juice) or purified anthocyanin-rich extracts have demonstrated significant improvements in low density lipoproteins oxidation, lipid peroxidation, total plasma antioxidant capacity, and dyslipidemia as well as reduced levels of CVD molecular biomarkers...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834334/comparison-of-dietary-profile-of-a-rural-south-indian-population-with-the-current-dietary-recommendations-for-prevention-of-non-communicable-diseases-cures-147
#6
Narasimhan Sowmya, Nagarajan Lakshmipriya, Kokila Arumugam, Sivasankari Venkatachalam, Parthasarathy Vijayalakshmi, Vaidya Ruchi, Gunasekaran Geetha, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Viswanathan Mohan, Kamala Krishnaswamy, Vasudevan Sudha
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Despite the rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in rural India, data on the dietary profile of the rural Indian population in relation to the recommendations for prevention of NCDs are scarce. This study was conducted to assess the dietary intake of a rural south Indian population in relation to the current dietary recommendations for the prevention of NCDs. METHODS: The dietary profiles of 6907 adults aged ≥ 20 yr, from a cluster of 42 villages in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu State in southern India, were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831954/ce-original-research-examining-the-links-between-lifestyle-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Shu-Hung Chang, Miao-Chuan Chen, Nai-Hui Chien, Li-Yu Wu
: : Background: As it is in many other developed countries, obesity is a growing health concern in Taiwan, affecting nearly 20% of the adult population. Obesity can increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Recent data indicate that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Taiwan is 25.5%. Yet some overweight and obese individuals have normal metabolic profiles. It's not clear why some overweight or obese people remain metabolically healthy while others do not...
December 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827978/a-prospective-study-of-different-types-of-dietary-fiber-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#8
Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Sajad Khalili Moghadam, Azita Zadeh Vakili, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that dietary of intake different types of fiber could modify the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a large prospective cohort among Iranian adults. METHODS: In 2006-2008, we used a validated food frequency questionnaire to assess dietary fiber intake among 2295 health professionals with no previous history of heart disease. Subjects were subsequently followed until 2012 for incidence of CVD events...
November 7, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826066/plant-polyphenols-as-natural-drugs-for-the-management-of-down-syndrome-and-related-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Rosa Anna Vacca, Daniela Valenti, Salvatore Caccamese, Maria Daglia, Nady Braidy, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Polyphenols are secondary metabolites of plants largely found in fruits, vegetables, cereals and beverages, and therefore represent important constituents of the human diet. Increasing studies have demonstrated the potential beneficial effects of polyphenols on human health. Extensive reviews have discussed the protective effects of polyphenols against a series of diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and neurodegenerative disorders. Limited studies have investigated the potential therapeutic effects of these natural compounds on neurodevelopmental disorders associated with intellectual disability, such as Down syndrome (DS), for which mitochondrial dysfunctions and oxidative stress are hallmarks and contribute to the deleterious symptoms and cognitive decline...
December 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823096/mediterranean-diet-could-cut-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#10
(no author information available yet)
A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts and whole grains could significantly reduce risk of stroke and heart attacks, say University of Cambridge researchers.
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814369/non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-among-employees-and-their-families-of-a-saudi-university-an-epidemiological-study
#11
Rasmieh Alzeidan, Fatemeh Rabiee, Ahmed Mandil, Ahmad Hersi, Amel Fayed
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factors among Saudi university employees and their families; to estimate the cardiovascular risk (CVR) amongst the study population in the following 10years. METHODS: The NCD risk factors prevalence was estimated using a cross-sectional approach for a sample of employees and their families aged ≥ 18 years old, in a Saudi university (Riyadh in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; KSA). WHO STEPwise standardized tools were used to estimate NCD risk factors and the Framingham Coronary Heart Risk Score calculator was used to calculate the CVR...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798709/association-between-social-network-characteristics-and-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adults-at-risk-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease
#12
Sandra D Bot, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Giel Nijpels, Jeroen Lakerveld
OBJECTIVES: In this exploratory study we examined the associations between several social network characteristics and lifestyle behaviours in adults at increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, we explored whether similarities in lifestyle between individuals and their network members, or the level of social support perceived by these individuals, could explain these associations. METHODS: From the control group of the Hoorn Prevention Study, participants with high and low educational attainment were approached for a structured interview between April and August 2010...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797301/relationship-between-lifestyle-factors-and-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-general-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Shuang Chen, Xiaofan Guo, Siyuan Dong, Zhao Li, Yingxian Sun
OBJECTIVE: Hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) is a known cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Observational studies had supported the role of lifestyle factors such as physical activity, diet and alcohol consumption in CVD prevention. Our study aimed to determine the relationship between Hhcy and lifestyle factors in general Chinese population. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 7135 adults (3320 men and 3815 women) aged 35 years or older were recruited from the rural Northeast China...
October 31, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792171/biological-properties-of-tocotrienols-evidence-in-human-studies
#14
REVIEW
Puvaneswari Meganathan, Ju-Yen Fu
Vitamin E has been recognized as an essential vitamin since their discovery in 1922. Although the functions of tocopherols are well established, tocotrienols have been the unsung heroes of vitamin E. Due to their structural differences, tocotrienols were reported to exert distinctive properties compared to tocopherols. While most vegetable oils contain higher amount of tocopherols, tocotrienols were found abundantly in palm oil. Nature has made palm vitamin E to contain up to 70% of total tocotrienols, among which alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocotrienols are the major constituents...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778523/the-multifunctionality-of-berries-toward-blood-platelets-and-the-role-of-berry-phenolics-in-cardiovascular-disorders
#15
Beata Olas
Diet and nutrition have an important influence on the prophylaxis and progression of cardiovascular disease; one example is the inhibition of blood platelet functions by specific components of fruits and vegetables. Garlic, onion, ginger, dark chocolate and polyunsaturated fatty acids all reduce blood platelet aggregation. A number of fruits contain a range of cardioprotective antioxidants and vitamins, together with a large number of non-nutrient phytochemicals such as phenolic compounds, which may possess both antioxidant properties and anti-platelet activity...
October 25, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774900/phytochemicals-against-advanced-glycation-end-products-ages-and-the-receptor-system
#16
Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Takanori Matsui, Yuji Ishibashi, Fumiyuki Isami, Yumi Abe, Tatsuya Sakaguchi, Yuichiro Higashimoto
Reducing sugars can react non-enzymatically with amino groups of proteins and lipids to form irreversibly cross-linked macroprotein derivatives called as advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Cross-linking modification of extracellular matrix proteins by AGEs deteriorate their tertiary structural integrity and function, contributing to aging-related organ damage and diabetes-associated complications, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, engagement of receptor for AGEs, RAGE with the ligands evoke oxidative stress generation and inflammatory, thrombotic and fibrotic reactions in various kinds of tissues, further exacerbating the deleterious effects of AGEs on multiple organ systems...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757935/impact-of-salt-intake-on-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-hypertension
#17
Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754409/diet-quality-the-greeks-had-it-right
#18
John J B Anderson, David C Nieman
The Mediterranean diet is upheld in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines as an example of an eating pattern that promotes good health, a healthy body weight, and disease prevention throughout the lifespan. The Mediterranean eating pattern is based on a variety of unprocessed plant foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds that are high in polyphenols. The majority of polyphenols arrive in the colon where bacteria degrade them into smaller phenolics that can be translocated via the portal vein to the liver...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748128/comparison-of-general-health-status-myocardial-infarction-obesity-diabetes-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-between-immigrant-pakistani-population-in-the-netherlands-and-the-local-amsterdam-population
#19
Qaisar Raza, Mary Nicolaou, Henriëtte Dijkshoorn, Jacob C Seidell
OBJECTIVE: South Asians living in Western countries have shown higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease and related non-communicable diseases as compared to the local populations. The aim of this study was to compare the general health status and prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, high blood pressure, overweight, obesity, and fruit and vegetable intake between Pakistani immigrants in the Netherlands and local Amsterdam population. DESIGN: A health survey was conducted in 2012-2013 among Pakistanis in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739084/multidimensional-comparative-analysis-of-phenolic-compounds-in-organic-juices-with-high-antioxidant-capacity
#20
Dariusz Nowak, Michał Gośliński, Artur Szwengiel
BACKGROUND: A diet rich in fruit, vegetables and juices is associated with health benefit and reduced risk of certain civilization diseases. Antioxidant properties depend mainly on the total content of polyphenols and their composition. The aim of this study was to perform a multidimensional comparative analysis of phenolic compounds of organic juices with high antioxidant capacity (chokeberry, elderberry, cranberry, pomegranate). RESULTS: All the analyzed juices were a rich source of phenolic compounds...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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