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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231884/heavy-metal-contamination-and-health-risk-assessment-in-the-vicinity-of-a-tailing-pond-in-guangdong-china
#1
Yaya Liang, Xiaoyun Yi, Zhi Dang, Qin Wang, Houmei Luo, Jie Tang
The purpose of this study was to assess heavy metal contamination and health risks for residents in the vicinity of a tailing pond in Guangdong, southern China. Water, soil, rice, and vegetable samples were collected from the area in the vicinity of the tailing pond. Results showed that surface water was just polluted by Ni and As, while groundwater was not contaminated by heavy metals. The concentrations of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, Ni, and As in the paddy soil exceeded the standard values but not those of Cr. In vegetable soils, the concentration of heavy metals was above the standard values except for Ni and As...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230660/dietary-intake-of-soy-and-cruciferous-vegetables-and-treatment-related-symptoms-in-chinese-american-and-non-hispanic-white-breast-cancer-survivors
#2
Sarah J O Nomura, Yi-Ting Hwang, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Teresa T Fung, Shu-Lan Yeh, Chiranjeev Dash, Laura Allen, Serena Philips, Leena Hilakivi-Clarke, Yun-Ling Zheng, Judy Huei-Yu Wang
PURPOSE: This project was undertaken to examine the association between dietary intake of soy or cruciferous vegetables and breast cancer treatment-related symptoms among Chinese-American (CA) and Non-Hispanic White (NHW) breast cancer survivors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 192 CA and 173 NHW female breast cancer survivors (stages 0-III, diagnosed between 2006 and 2012) recruited from two California cancer registries, who had completed primary treatment...
December 11, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228733/investigating-the-association-between-diet-and-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-taiwan
#3
Chan-Chi Chang, Wei-Ting Lee, Yao-Chou Lee, Cheng-Chih Huang, Chun-Yen Ou, Yu-Hsuan Lin, Jehn-Shyun Huang, Tung-Yiu Wong, Ken-Chung Chen, Jenn-Ren Hsiao, Yu-Cheng Lu, Sen-Tien Tsai, Yu-Hsuan Lai, Yuan-Hua Wu, Wei-Ting Hsueh, Chia-Jui Yen, Shang-Yin Wu, Jang-Yang Chang, Sheen-Yie Fang, Jiunn-Liang Wu, Chen-Lin Lin, Ya-Ling Weng, Han-Chien Yang, Yu-Shan Chen, Jeffrey S Chang
Most studies reporting an inverse association between the consumption of vegetables and fruits and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk were conducted in Western populations and only a few included East Asians. The current case-control study investigated the association between diet and HNC risk using data of 838 HNC cases and 998 controls from a case-control study of HNC conducted in Taiwan. Each participant was asked about their consumption of fresh vegetables, pickled vegetables, fresh fruits, citrus fruits, meat, processed meat, fish, egg, and dairy products...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225776/the-sedentary-r-evolution-have-we-lost-our-metabolic-flexibility
#4
Jens Freese, Rainer Johannes Klement, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Helmut Lötzerich
During the course of evolution, up until the agricultural revolution, environmental fluctuations forced the human species to develop a flexible metabolism in order to adapt its energy needs to various climate, seasonal and vegetation conditions. Metabolic flexibility safeguarded human survival independent of food availability. In modern times, humans switched their primal lifestyle towards a constant availability of energy-dense, yet often nutrient-deficient, foods, persistent psycho-emotional stressors and a lack of exercise...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#5
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#6
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219783/diet-and-other-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-prostate-cancer-differ-between-the-german-and-italian-region-of-switzerland
#7
Aline Richard, David Faeh, Matthias Bopp, Sabine Rohrmann
PURPOSE: In Switzerland, prostate cancer mortality is higher in the German than in the Italian-speaking region. We aimed at exploring the association of living in one of the two regions with lifestyle factors presumably lowering the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS: We pooled data from the Swiss Health Survey, conducted every 5 years 1992 - 2012. Information on diet (meat, fish, dairy, fruits and vegetables), alcohol, smoking, physical activity and body mass index were dichotomized into "risky" and "risk-reducing" lifestyle behaviour with respect to prostate cancer...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211694/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-nutrition-and-lifestyle
#8
Christian D Fankhauser, Hugh Mostafid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the influence of nutrition and lifestyle on bladder cancer incidence and recurrence and summarize food items, diets and lifestyle practices that physicians may wish to prioritize for discussion with their patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent study results suggest an association between bladder cancer incidence and several food items including meat, fruit, vegetables, milk products and oil. Micronutrient deficiency is associated with bladder cancer risk; however, it remains unclear if micronutrient supplementation can modify bladder cancer incidence...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211364/insights-into-novel-anticancer-applications-for-apigenin
#9
REVIEW
Adam Kowalczyk, Agnieszka Bodalska, Marta Miranowicz, Katarzyna Karłowicz-Bodalska
Flavonoids, naturally occuring derivatives of 2-phenyl-benzo-γ-pyrone, are widespread in plants as coloring substances. Apigenin (4',5,7,-trihydroxyflavone (5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one), molecular formula C₁₅H₁₀O⁵, is a flavonoid present in many fruits and vegetables, primarily in citrus fruits, apples, parsley and celery leaves. It is also found in some medicinal plants, including chamomile flowers, thyme, oregano, peppermint, lemon balm and yarrow, as a 7-O-glycoside with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210648/vitamins-for-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-an-insight
#10
A Jain, A Tiwari, A Verma, S K Jain
Over a few decades a strong interlink between oxidative damage and cancer has been investigated by various scientists across the world on the basis of epidemiological observations of the effects of fruits and vegetables used in the diet for cancer patients. Primarily, Vitamin C, Vitamin D and Vitamin E are reported to be involved in the amelioration of side effects which occur in chemotherapy and radiation therapy of lungs, stomach, prostate, colorectal, gastric head and neck cancers. The vitamins acting as antioxidant adjuvants are found to have apoptotic and anti-angiogenesis potential as well as inhibitory effects against metastasis in cancer cells...
December 4, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210053/food-groups-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#11
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Anne Laure Preterre, Khalid Iqbal, Angela Bechthold, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Heiner Boeing, Sabrina Schlesinger
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation between intake of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed and Embase for prospective studies investigating the association between these 12 food groups and risk of CRC until April 2017. Summary risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using a random effects model for high vs...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209460/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-overweight-risk-and-all-cause-mortality-in-children-with-cancer
#12
Eunjin So, Jeeyeon Kim, Sehwa Joo, Jisun Lee, Hyojee Joung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association of dietary patterns with overweight risk and all-cause mortality in pediatric cancer patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective cohort study was undertaken; 83 cancer patients admitted to the pediatric cancer ward at a university hospital in Seoul were included and followed for obesity and death over 24 months. Food consumption data were collected from patients using validated meal order sheets for breakfast, lunch, and dinner at the pediatric cancer ward over 3 days...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206164/dietary-consumption-of-phenolic-acids-and-prostate-cancer-a-case-control-study-in-sicily-southern-italy
#13
Giorgio Ivan Russo, Daniele Campisi, Marina Di Mauro, Federica Regis, Giulio Reale, Marina Marranzano, Rosalia Ragusa, Tatiana Solinas, Massimo Madonia, Sebastiano Cimino, Giuseppe Morgia
Dietary polyphenols gained the interest of the scientific community due to their wide content in a variety of plant-derived foods and beverages commonly consumed, such as fruits, vegetables, coffee, tea, and cocoa. We aimed to investigate whether there was an association between dietary phenolic acid consumption and prostate cancer (PCa) in South Italy. We conducted a population-based case-control study from January 2015 to December 2016 in a single institution of the municipality of Catania, southern Italy (Registration number: 41/2015)...
December 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200719/anti-cancer-effects-of-polyphenolic-compounds-in-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#14
Hyungmin Jeong, Ai N H Phan, Jong-Whan Choi
Background: Polyphenolic phytochemicals are natural compounds, easily found in fruits and vegetables. Importantly, polyphenols have been intensively studied as excellent antioxidant activity which contributes to anticancer function of the natural compounds. Lung cancer has been reported to mainly account for cancer-related deaths in the world. Moreover, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) resistance is one of the biggest issues in cancer treatment, especially in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198845/gardening-experience-is-associated-with-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-first-year-college-students-a-cross-sectional-examination
#15
Jennifer Loso, Daniel Staub, Sarah E Colby, Melissa D Olfert, Kendra Kattelmann, Melissa Vilaro, James Colee, Wenjun Zhou, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Anne E Mathews
BACKGROUND: Gardening interventions have been shown to increase fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake among school-aged children. It is unknown whether these effects persist into later adolescence or adulthood, and little is known about whether gardening in later adolescence is related to F/V intake. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between both childhood and recent (within the past 12 months) gardening experiences and current F/V intake among college students...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194691/mediterranean-diet-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-and-urinary-and-sexual-functioning-the-health-professionals-follow-up-study
#16
Scott R Bauer, Erin L Van Blarigan, Meir J Stampfer, June M Chan, Stacey A Kenfield
BACKGROUND: Men with prostate cancer often experience urinary and sexual dysfunction after treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between dietary factors and these symptoms among men with diabetes or metabolic syndrome. However, there are limited data on whether diet after prostate cancer diagnosis, including a Mediterranean dietary pattern, affects urinary and sexual function among prostate cancer survivors. METHODS: Men diagnosed with non-metastatic prostate cancer in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (n = 2960) from 1986 to 2012 were prospectively followed for a median of 8...
December 1, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194365/the-role-of-resveratrol-in-cancer-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Jeong-Hyeon Ko, Gautam Sethi, Jae-Young Um, Muthu K Shanmugam, Frank Arfuso, Alan Prem Kumar, Anupam Bishayee, Kwang Seok Ahn
Abstract: Natural product compounds have recently attracted significant attention from the scientific community for their potent effects against inflammation-driven diseases, including cancer. A significant amount of research, including preclinical, clinical, and epidemiological studies, has indicated that dietary consumption of polyphenols, found at high levels in cereals, pulses, vegetables, and fruits, may prevent the evolution of an array of diseases, including cancer. Cancer development is a carefully orchestrated progression where normal cells acquires mutations in their genetic makeup, which cause the cells to continuously grow, colonize, and metastasize to other organs such as the liver, lungs, colon, and brain...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175112/chalcones-as-putative-hepatoprotective-agents-preclinical-evidence-and-molecular-mechanisms
#18
REVIEW
Elham Karimi Sales, Gisou Mohaddes, Mohammad Reza Alipour
Chalcones form an important group of natural compounds and flavonoid precursors which are abundant in fruits, vegetables, and edible plants. These compounds have many beneficial properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-cancer, anti-amyloid, anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, hypolipidemic, and cytoprotective. Chalcone derivatives have protective effects on the liver in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic fatty liver, drug- and toxicant-induced liver injury, and liver cancer through several mechanisms...
November 22, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174033/anti-cancer-and-anti-angiogenic-effects-of-partially-purified-lectin-from-praecitrullus-fistulosus-fruit-on-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-model
#19
Madhu Chakkere Shivamadhu, Balaji Kyathegowdanadoddi Srinivas, Shankar Jayarama, Sharada Angatahalli Chandrashekaraiah
Praecitrullus fistulosus, belonging to the family of Cucurbitaceae is a tropical vegetable and medicinal plant, grown and consumed extensively in subtropical countries, including the subcontinent India. However, there are limited reports on the medicinal properties of the plant and need to be explored. The lectin identified from the fruit sap of Praecitrullus fistulosus, named as PfLP, possesses potent agglutinating activity against trypsinized rabbit erythrocytes and exhibited its functional role against tumor progression, on in vitro &in vivo models...
November 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172267/breast-cancer-risk-assessment-using-the-gail-model-and-it%C3%A2-s-predictors-in-saudi-women
#20
Hala Hazam Al Otaibi
Background: The Gail Model has been widely implemented in developed and developing countries and is considered to be the best available instrument to estimate breast cancer (BC) risk for early prevention. Objective: The goals of the study were to determine five-year and lifetime BC risks and to assess BC predictors among female Saudi teachers using the Gail model. Methods: A cross sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among 180 female Saudi secondary school teachers. The Gail model was used to evaluate the five-year and lifetime risks of developing BC...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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