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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922784/low-fat-dietary-pattern-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-dietary-modification-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Li Jiao, Liang Chen, Donna L White, Lesley Tinker, Rowan T Chlebowski, Linda V Van Horn, Peter Richardson, Dorothy Lane, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Hashem B El-Serag
Background: Observational studies suggest that diet may influence pancreatic cancer risk. We investigated the effect of a low-fat dietary intervention on pancreatic cancer incidence. Methods: The Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification (WHI-DM) trial is a randomized controlled trial conducted in 48 835 postmenopausal women age 50 to 79 years in the United States between 1993 and 1998. Women were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 19 541), with the goal of reducing total fat intake and increasing intake of vegetables, fruits, and grains, or to the usual diet comparison group (n = 29 294)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922752/current-understanding-of-the-pathways-of-flavonoid-biosynthesis-in-model-and-crop-plants
#2
Takayuki Tohge, Leonardo Perez de Souza, Alisdair R Fernie
Flavonoids are a signature class of secondary metabolites formed from a relatively simple collection of scaffolds. They are extensively decorated by chemical reactions including glycosylation, methylation, and acylation. They are present in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables and as such in Western populations it is estimated that 20-50 mg of flavonoids are consumed daily per person. In planta they have demonstrated to contribute to both flower color and UV protection. Their consumption has been suggested to presenta wide range of health benefits...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922719/baicalein-as-a-potent-neuroprotective-agent-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Ponnuvel Deepa, Minju Kim, Se Jin Park, Songmun Kim
In recent times, neurodegenerative diseases are the most challenging global health problems. Neuronal cell death or damage is a key factor for many neurodegenerative disorders. Therefore, there has been a growing interest in the development of effective neuroprotective agents, especially from natural sources. In particular, phytochemicals have shown high efficacy with low side effects in various in vitro and in vivo studies. In the various phytoconstituents, flavonoids are important bioactive products and mainly found in various vegetables and fruits...
September 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922029/exploratory-study-into-the-microbiological-quality-of-spinach-and-cabbage-purchased-from-street-vendors-and-retailers-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#4
Erika M du Plessis, Sarasha Govender, Bala Pillay, Lise Korsten
Knowledge of the microbiological quality and prevalence of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes in bacterial isolates from leafy green vegetables supplied by formal suppliers (retailers) and informal suppliers (street vendors) in South Africa is limited. Because leafy vegetables have been implicated in foodborne disease outbreaks worldwide, 180 cabbage and spinach samples were collected from three major retailers and nine street vendors in Johannesburg, South Africa. Escherichia coli and coliforms were enumerated using Petrifilm plates...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922025/prevalence-of-staphylococcal-enterotoxins-in-ready-to-eat-foods-sold-in-istanbul
#5
Beyza H Ulusoy, Burcu Çakmak Sancar, Muhsin Öztürk
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods sold in Istanbul, Turkey. A total of 5,241 samples were randomly collected from various caterers, hotels, and restaurants from 2014 to 2016. The samples were classified into four groups: (i) various cooked RTE meat and vegetable meals, (ii) various RTE salads, charcuterie, and cold appetizers, (iii) various cooked RTE bakery products (pasta, pastries, pizza, pita, ravioli, etc.), and (iv) any cooked RTE sweets and desserts (pudding, custard, cream, ashura, etc...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921940/attribution-of-human-infections-with-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-to-livestock-sources-and-identification-of-source-specific-risk-factors-the-netherlands-2010-2014
#6
L Mughini-Gras, W van Pelt, M van der Voort, M Heck, I Friesema, E Franz
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is a zoonotic pathogen of public health concern whose sources and transmission routes are difficult to trace. Using a combined source attribution and case-control analysis, we determined the relative contributions of four putative livestock sources (cattle, small ruminants, pigs, poultry) to human STEC infections and their associated dietary, animal contact, temporal and socio-econo-demographic risk factors in the Netherlands in 2010/2011-2014. Dutch source data were supplemented with those from other European countries with similar STEC epidemiology...
September 17, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919495/physical-exercise-and-cognitive-function-across-the-life-span-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Beate Gaertner, Amanda K Buttery, Jonas D Finger, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Michael Wagner, Markus A Busch
OBJECTIVES: To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between physical exercise and cognitive function across different age groups in a nationwide population-based sample of adults aged 18-79 years in Germany. DESIGN: Cross-sectional/prospective. METHODS: Cognitive function was assessed in the mental health module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1-MH, 2009-2012, n=3535), using a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919135/are-experiences-of-discrimination-related-to-poorer-dietary-intakes-among-south-asians-in-the-masala-study
#8
Sarah Nadimpalli, Akilah Keita, Jeremy Wang, Alka Kanaya, Namratha Kandula, Kimberly Gans, Sameera Talegawkar
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-reported discrimination and dietary intakes among South Asian (SA) people. METHODS: Data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study were used to analyze the relationship between self-reported discrimination and dietary behaviors (n = 866). Self-reported discrimination was measured with the 9-item continuous Everyday Discrimination Scale. Diet was measured with a culturally tailored, validated, 163-item food frequency questionnaire for SA individuals...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917238/qualitative-study-of-eating-habits-in-bruneian-primary-school-children
#9
Tajidah Talip, Rajiah Serudin, Salmah Noor, Nik Tuah
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a serious public health issue globally and poor eating habits are an important contributing factor. This study aimed to explore the perceptions, practices and attitudes towards healthy eating in Bruneian primary school children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted among 40 subjects involving 18 children (aged 9-10 years old), 12 parents and 10 teachers, who were recruited from two primary schools using convenience sampling...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916578/nutritional-sustainability-aligning-priorities-in-nutrition-and-public-health-with-agricultural-production
#10
REVIEW
John W Finley, Dennis Dimick, Elizabeth Marshall, Gerald Charles Nelson, Jonathan R Mein, David I Gustafson
Nutrition science-based dietary advice urges changes that may have a great impact on agricultural systems. For example, the 2016 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) recommends greatly increased fruit and vegetable consumption, but the present domestic production is insufficient to accommodate large-scale adoption of these guidelines. Increasing production to the extent needed to meet the DGA will necessitate changes in an already stressed agriculture and food system and will require nutrition and agriculture professionals to come together in open and collegial discourse...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915844/financial-incentives-and-purchase-restrictions-in-a-food-benefit-program-affect-the-types-of-foods-and-beverages-purchased-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#11
Simone A French, Sarah A Rydell, Nathan R Mitchell, J Michael Oakes, Brian Elbel, Lisa Harnack
BACKGROUND: This research evaluated the effects of financial incentives and purchase restrictions on food purchasing in a food benefit program for low income people. METHODS: Participants (n=279) were randomized to groups: 1) Incentive- 30% financial incentive for fruits and vegetables purchased with food benefits; 2) Restriction- no purchase of sugar-sweetened beverages, sweet baked goods, or candies with food benefits; 3) Incentive plus Restriction; or 4) Control- no incentive or restrictions...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915825/effect-of-a-mobile-app-intervention-on-vegetable-consumption-in-overweight-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sarah Mummah, Thomas N Robinson, Maya Mathur, Sarah Farzinkhou, Stephen Sutton, Christopher D Gardner
BACKGROUND: Mobile applications (apps) have been heralded as transformative tools to deliver behavioral health interventions at scale, but few have been tested in rigorous randomized controlled trials. We tested the effect of a mobile app to increase vegetable consumption among overweight adults attempting weight loss maintenance. METHODS: Overweight adults (n=135) aged 18-50 years with BMI=28-40 kg/m(2) near Stanford, CA were recruited from an ongoing 12-month weight loss trial (parent trial) and randomly assigned to either the stand-alone, theory-based Vegethon mobile app (enabling goal setting, self-monitoring, and feedback and using "process motivators" including fun, surprise, choice, control, social comparison, and competition) or a wait-listed control condition...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914794/effects-of-probiotics-prebiotics-and-synbiotics-on-human-health
#13
REVIEW
Paulina Markowiak, Katarzyna Śliżewska
The human gastrointestinal tract is colonised by a complex ecosystem of microorganisms. Intestinal bacteria are not only commensal, but they also undergo a synbiotic co-evolution along with their host. Beneficial intestinal bacteria have numerous and important functions, e.g., they produce various nutrients for their host, prevent infections caused by intestinal pathogens, and modulate a normal immunological response. Therefore, modification of the intestinal microbiota in order to achieve, restore, and maintain favourable balance in the ecosystem, and the activity of microorganisms present in the gastrointestinal tract is necessary for the improved health condition of the host...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914660/mediterranean-diet-impact-on-cardiovascular-diseases-a-narrative-review
#14
Anna V Mattioli, Pasquale Palmiero, Olivia Manfrini, Paolo E Puddu, Savina Nodari, Alessandra Dei Cas, Giuseppe Mercuro, Domenico Scrutinio, Pietro Palermo, Susanna Sciomer, Simona Di Francesco, Giuseppina Novo, Salvatore Novo, Roberto F E Pedretti, Annapaola Zito, Gianfranco Parati, Roberto Pedrinelli, Alberto Farinetti, Maria Maiello, Federica Moscucci, Raffaele L Tenaglia, Vincenzo Sucato, Marco Triggiani, Lucia Cugusi, Pietro Scicchitano, Pier S Saba, Marco M Ciccone
: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for more than 17 million deaths per year worldwide. It has been estimated that the influence of lifestyle on CVD mortality amounts to 13.7% for smoking, 13.2% for poor diet, and 12% for inactive lifestyle. These results deeply impact both the healthy status of individuals and their skills in working. The impact of CVD on productivity loss accounts for the 24% in total costs for CVD management.Mediterranean diet (MedD) can positively impact on natural history of CVD. It is characterized by a relatively high consumption of inexpensive and genuine food such as cereals, vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, fresh fruits, and olive oil as the principal source of fat, low meat consumption and low-to-moderate consumption of milk, dairy products, and wine...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913993/a-retrospective-study-of-korean-adults-with-food-allergy-differences-in-phenotypes-and-causes
#15
So Hee Lee, Ga Young Ban, Kyunguk Jeong, Yoo Seob Shin, Hae Sim Park, Sooyoung Lee, Young Min Ye
PURPOSE: Increasing in prevalence, food allergy (FA) is becoming an important public health concern. In Korean adults, however, clinical phenotypes and causes of FA have not been studied. We aimed to study common causative allergens and clinical manifestations of FA in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective review of medical records for 95 patients (≥19 years old) diagnosed with FA from September 2014 to August 2015 at a single university hospital...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910482/an-outbreak-investigation-report-and-lessons-learned-by-multinational-coalition-forces-october-2016-baghdad-iraq
#17
Stanley A Gorzelnik, Laura N Kephart, Wendy E Miklos
BACKGROUND: Public health personnel from the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, conducted an outbreak investigation in response to many local cases of gastrointestinal (GI) illness presenting to U.S. medical facilities. The investigation was conducted to identify the source of the illness, assess the extent of cases, and make recommendations to prevent similar outbreaks. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For this retrospective cohort study, medical records and patient outbreak questionnaires were reviewed...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904556/medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-local-tissue-damage-induced-by-snake-venoms-an-overview-from-traditional-use-to-pharmacological-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Juliana Félix-Silva, Arnóbio Antônio Silva-Junior, Silvana Maria Zucolotto, Matheus de Freitas Fernandes-Pedrosa
Snakebites are a serious problem in public health due to their high morbimortality. Most of snake venoms produce intense local tissue damage, which could lead to temporary or permanent disability in victims. The available specific treatment is the antivenom serum therapy, whose effectiveness is reduced against these effects. Thus, the search for complementary alternatives for snakebite treatment is relevant. There are several reports of the popular use of medicinal plants against snakebites worldwide. In recent years, many studies have been published giving pharmacological evidence of benefits of several vegetal species against local effects induced by a broad range of snake venoms, including inhibitory potential against hyaluronidase, phospholipase, proteolytic, hemorrhagic, myotoxic, and edematogenic activities...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904529/complementarity-in-dietary-supplements-and-foods-are-supplement-users-vegetable-eaters
#19
Hyoung-Goo Kang, Hailey Hayeon Joo, Kyong Duk Choi, Dongmin Lee, Junghoon Moon
Background: The consumption of fruits, vegetables, and dietary supplements correlate. Most previous studies have aimed to identify the determinants of supplement uses or the distinct features of supplement users; this literature lacks a discussion on dietary supplement consumption as a predictor of fruit and vegetable consumption. Objective: This study examines how dietary supplement consumption correlates with fruit and vegetable consumption by combining scanner data and surveys of Korean household grocery shopping...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904121/establishment-of-a-meal-coding-system-for-the-characterization-of-meal-based-dietary-patterns-in-japan
#20
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satoshi Sasaki
Background: Most studies on dietary patterns to date have focused on the daily intake of individual foods, rather than the combination of foods simultaneously consumed during specific eating occasions (breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks).Objective: We aimed to establish a meal coding system for characterizing meal-based dietary patterns in Japan.Methods: Dietary data used were from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, in which 1-d weighed dietary records were collected from 26,361 adults aged ≥20 y...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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