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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721680/evaluation-of-haplotype-diversity-of-achatina-fulica-lissachatina-bowdich-from-indian-sub-continent-by-means-of-16s-rdna-sequence-and-its-phylogenetic-relationships-with-other-global-populations
#1
Vijaya Sai Ayyagari, Krupanidhi Sreerama
Achatina fulica (Lissachatina fulica) is one of the most invasive species found across the globe causing a significant damage to crops, vegetables, and horticultural plants. This terrestrial snail is native to east Africa and spread to different parts of the world by introductions. India, a hot spot for biodiversity of several endemic gastropods, has witnessed an outburst of this snail population in several parts of the country posing a serious threat to crop loss and also to human health. With an objective to evaluate the genetic diversity of this snail, we have sampled this snail from different parts of India and analyzed its haplotype diversity by means of 16S rDNA sequence information...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718805/emerging-fusarium-and-alternaria-mycotoxins-occurrence-toxicity-and-toxicokinetics
#2
REVIEW
Sophie Fraeyman, Siska Croubels, Mathias Devreese, Gunther Antonissen
Emerging Fusarium and Alternaria mycotoxins gain more and more interest due to their frequent contamination of food and feed, although in vivo toxicity and toxicokinetic data are limited. Whereas the Fusarium mycotoxins beauvericin, moniliformin and enniatins particularly contaminate grain and grain-based products, Alternaria mycotoxins are also detected in fruits, vegetables and wines. Although contamination levels are usually low (µg/kg range), higher contamination levels of enniatins and tenuazonic acid may occasionally occur...
July 18, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718657/bitter-taste-of-brassica-vegetables-the-role-of-genetic-factors-receptors-isothiocyanates-glucosinolates-and-flavor-context
#3
Martyna N Wieczorek, Michał Walczak, Marzena Skrzypczak-Zielińska, Henryk H Jeleń
It is well known that consumption of Brassica vegetables has beneficial effect on human's health. The greatest interest is focused on glucosinolates and their hydrolysis products isothiocyanates, due to their potential as cancer preventing compounds. Brassica vegetables are also rich in flavor compounds belonging to many chemical groups. The main sensory sensation related to these vegetable is their characteristic sharp and bitter taste, and unique aroma. Because of these features this group of vegetables is often rejected by consumers...
July 18, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718251/comparison-of-dietary-practices-and-body-mass-index-among-educated-housewives-and-working-women-in-karachi
#4
Lubna Raza, Tahira Mohsin Ali, Abid Hasnain
BACKGROUND: Body Mass Index (BMI) is considered as a major determinant of health. The objective of study was to find out differences between dietary practices, as well as BMI in educated housewives and working woman. It is supposed that both study groups may have difference in work pressures with resultant diverse preferences for food. This can affect health status particularly in relation to obesity in women. Furthermore, we selected participants with 14 years' education expecting basic awareness of healthful diet...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717804/relationship-between-total-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-self-reported-knee-pain-in-older-adults
#5
H S Han, C B Chang, D-C Lee, J-Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: Knee pain is one of the most common symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA) that affects the quality of life in the older adults, and identifying the contributing factors of knee pain is important. We hypothesized that higher fruit and vegetable consumption might be associated with the severity of knee pain lower prevalence of severe knee pain by affecting pain perception in the knee joint. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between self-reported knee pain and the consumption of fruits vegetables, carotenoids and vitamin C and self-reported knee pain...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712373/impact-of-animal-density-on-cattle-nutrition-in-dry-mediterranean-rangelands-a-faecal-near-ir-spectroscopy-aided-study
#6
S Y Landau, L Dvash, Y Yehuda, H Muklada, G Peleg, Z Henkin, H Voet, E D Ungar
In the context of determining the sustainable carrying capacity of dry-Mediterranean herbaceous rangelands, we examined the effect of animal density on cattle nutrition, which is fundamental to animal performance and welfare. The effects on dietary components of low (0.56 cows/ha; L) and high (1.11 cows/ha; H) animal densities were monitored for three consecutive years in grazing beef cows. In the dry season (summer and early autumn), cows had free access to N-rich poultry litter (PL) given as a dietary supplement...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712165/effectiveness-of-a-school-based-multicomponent-intervention-on-nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-bangkok-thailand
#7
Nattapon Chawla, Alessio Panza, Chutima Sirikulchayanonta, Ramesh Kumar, Surasak Taneepanichskul
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a major public health issue today. The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing in both adults and children. Childhood obesity in Thailand has more than doubled since the 1960s and a recent study reported that overweight and obesity in Thais is the 5th highest in Asia. The present study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a life-skills, multicomponent, school-based intervention on child nutritional status. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was conducted in two-groups (control and intervention schools) on 453 students attending grade levels 4-5 in Bangkok...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712112/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-cost-availability-and-quality-of-healthy-food-in-sydney
#8
Belinda Crawford, Roy Byun, Emily Mitchell, Susan Thompson, Bin Jalaludin, Siranda Torvaldsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost of a basket of staple foods, together with the availability and quality of fresh fruit and vegetables, by supermarket store type in high and low socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. METHODS: A food basket survey was undertaken in 100 supermarkets in the 20 highest and 20 lowest socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. We assessed the cost of 46 foods, the range of 30 fresh fruit and vegetables and the quality of ten fresh fruit and vegetables...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711859/associations-between-multiple-green-space-measures-and-birth-weight-across-two-us-cities
#9
Leanne Cusack, Andrew Larkin, Susan E Carozza, Perry Hystad
INTRODUCTION: Several measures of green space exposure have been used in epidemiological research, but their relevance to health, and representation of exposure pathways, remains unclear. Here we examine the relationships between multiple urban green space metrics and associations with term birth weight across two diverse US cities. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics data to create a birth cohort from 2005 to 2009 in the cities of Portland, Oregon (n = 90,265) and Austin, Texas (n = 88,807)...
July 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710990/biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-and-health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metal-contaminated-aquatic-and-terrestrial-organisms-by-oil-extraction-industry-in-ogale-nigeria
#10
Sunny O Abarikwu, Eka B Essien, Oreva-Oghene Iyede, Kingsley John, Chidimma Mgbudom-Okah
Ogale community in Rivers State, Nigeria is characterized by crude-oil contamination of its land resources. The present study aimed to evaluate the health risk and metal (Cd, Pb, Zn, Cr, and Ni) contamination level of the vegetable (Telfairia occidentalis), snail (Achatina achatina) and the catfish (Clarias gariepinus) collected from Ogale community. Samples collected from Elele Alimini community, a less polluted area was used as control. Oxidative damage was evaluated in tissues of snail and in the liver of catfish...
July 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710147/dietary-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-critical-review
#11
REVIEW
Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Current dietary guidelines for breast cancer patients (BCPs) fail to address adequate dietary intakes of macro- and micronutrients that may improve patients' nutritional status. This review includes information from the PubMed and Biomed Central databases over the last 15 y concerning dietary guidelines for BCPs and the potential impact of a personalized, nutrient-specific diet on patients' nutritional status during and after antineoplastic treatment. Results indicated that BCPs should receive a nutritional assessment immediately after diagnosis...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710145/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-polyols-on-gastrointestinal-health-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Adrienne Lenhart, William D Chey
Polyols are sugar alcohols found in certain fruits, vegetables, and sugar-free sweeteners. They make up a component of the diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols, which is gaining popularity in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of polyols on the gastrointestinal tract in healthy men and women and in patients with IBS. Utilizing PubMed, Ovid, and Embase databases, we conducted a search on individual polyols and each of these terms: fermentation, absorption, motility, permeability, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709033/vegetated-land-cover-near-residence-is-associated-with-reduced-allostatic-load-and-improved-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-metabolic-and-immune-functions
#13
Andrey I Egorov, Shannon M Griffin, Reagan R Converse, Jennifer N Styles, Elizabeth A Sams, Anthony Wilson, Laura E Jackson, Timothy J Wade
BACKGROUND: Greater exposure to urban green spaces has been linked to reduced risks of depression, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death. Alleviation of chronic stress is a hypothesized pathway to improved health. Previous studies linked chronic stress with a biomarker-based composite measure of physiological dysregulation known as allostatic load. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to assess the relationship between vegetated land cover near residences and allostatic load...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708122/role-of-zucchini-and-its-distinctive-components-in-the-modulation-of-degenerative-processes-genotoxicity-anti-genotoxicity-cytotoxicity-and-apoptotic-effects
#14
Damián Martínez-Valdivieso, Rafael Font, Zahira Fernández-Bedmar, Tania Merinas-Amo, Pedro Gómez, Ángeles Alonso-Moraga, Mercedes Del Río-Celestino
Zucchini (Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo) is a seasonal vegetable with high nutritional and medical values. Many useful properties of this fruit are attributed to bioactive compounds. Zucchini fruits ("Yellow" and "Light Green" varieties) and four distinctive components (lutein, β-carotene, zeaxanthin and dehydroascorbic acid) were selected. Firstly, the lutein, β-carotene, zeaxanthin and dehydroascorbic acid contents were determined in these fruits. Then, in order to evaluate the safety and suitability of their use, different assays were carried out: (i) genotoxicity and anti-genotoxicity tests to determine the safety and DNA-protection against hydrogen peroxide; (ii) cytotoxicity; and (iii) DNA fragmentation and Annexin V/PI (Propidium Iodide) assays to evaluate the pro-apoptotic effect...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708083/ten-year-trends-1999-2010-of-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-among-the-balearic-islands-adult-population
#15
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Mónica González, Alicia Julibert, Isabel Llompart, Antoni Pons, Josep A Tur
The aim of this work was to assess ten-year trends (1999-2010) of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) among the Balearic Islands' adult population. Two independent cross-sectional dietary surveys (1999-2000, n = 1200 and 2009-2010 n = 1388, including participants aged 16-65 years) were carried out in the Balearic Islands, Spain. Dietary habits were assessed by means of two 24 h diet recalls and a validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire that covers 145 food items. Adherence to the MDP was defined according to a score constructed considering the consumption of nine MDP characteristic components: high monounsaturated fatty acids:saturated fatty acids (MUFA:SFA) ratio, moderate ethanol consumption, high legumes, cereals and roots, fruits, vegetables, and fish consumption, and low consumption of meat and milk...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707745/survival-of-the-fetus-during-maternal-thoracotomy-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-infective-endocarditis
#16
Li Luo, Qiulei Sun, Liping Chen, Demei Ying, Xiaohua Wu, Zhengqiong Chen
Infective endocarditis (IE) during pregnancy is a rare but serious condition. Cardiopulmonary bypass during pregnancy has a high rate of fetal morbidity and mortality. We here report the case of a 22-year-old pregnant woman with confirmed IE. Multiple large cardiac valve vegetations, severe aortic valve regurgitation, and hemodynamic compromise were observed. With full implementation of fetal monitoring and protection strategies, open heart surgery was performed at 31.4 weeks' gestation to aid survival, followed by an elective cesarean delivery at 34...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707708/identification-and-quantification-of-phenolic-compounds-in-edible-wild-leafy-vegetables-by-uhplc-orbitrap-ms
#17
Elisa Giambanelli, L Filippo D'Antuono, Roberto Romero-González, Antonia Garrido Frenich
BACKGROUND: A recent interest in edible wild leafy vegetables has been documented. Consumers often associate these species to health promotion. In this study several wild species of the Asteraceae family and Knautia integrifolia (Dipsacaceae) were locally documented for their use in traditional cuisine and sampled from the wild. RESULTS: Phenolic compounds were identified and quantified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to Orbitrap high resolution mass spectrometry...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705242/non-communicable-diseases-and-related-risk-behaviors-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with NCDs are becoming more prominent. This study explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia and related risk factors in men and women living with HIV in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 510 adult people living with HIV randomly selected from one city and four provinces in Cambodia...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704763/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-type-2-diabetes-associations-with-clinical-diabetes-measures-and-self-management-outcomes-in-the-norwegian-hunt-study
#19
Kiyuri Naicker, Simon Øverland, Jeffrey A Johnson, Douglas Manuel, Jens C Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if symptoms of depression and anxiety are differentially associated with clinical diabetes measures and self-management behaviours in individuals with Type 2 diabetes, and whether these associations vary by patient sex. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis using data from 2035 adults with Type 2 diabetes in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore associations between symptoms of depression and anxiety and waist girth, HDL cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, c-reactive protein, glycemic control, diet adherence, exercise, glucose monitoring, foot checks for ulcers, and the subjective patient experience...
July 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704469/the-relationship-between-a-low-grain-intake-dietary-pattern-and-impulsive-behaviors-in-middle-aged-japanese-people
#20
Atsuhito Toyomaki, Minori Koga, Emiko Okada, Yukiei Nakai, Akane Miyazaki, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yoshinobu Kiso, Ichiro Kusumi
Several studies indicate that dietary habits are associated with mental health. We are interested in identifying not a specific single nutrient/food group but the population preferring specific food combinations that can be related to mental health. Very few studies have examined relationships between dietary patterns and multifaceted mental states using cluster analysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate population-level dietary patterns associated with mental state using cluster analysis. We focused on depressive state, sleep quality, subjective well-being, and impulsive behaviors using rating scales...
2017: PloS One
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