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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784957/metabolic-reprogramming-in-leaf-lettuce-grown-under-different-light-quality-and-intensity-conditions-using-narrow-band-leds
#1
Kazuyoshi Kitazaki, Atsushi Fukushima, Ryo Nakabayashi, Yozo Okazaki, Makoto Kobayashi, Tetsuya Mori, Tomoko Nishizawa, Sebastian Reyes-Chin-Wo, Richard W Michelmore, Kazuki Saito, Kazuhiro Shoji, Miyako Kusano
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are an artificial light source used in closed-type plant factories and provide a promising solution for a year-round supply of green leafy vegetables, such as lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). Obtaining high-quality seedlings using controlled irradiation from LEDs is critical, as the seedling health affects the growth and yield of leaf lettuce after transplantation. Because key molecular pathways underlying plant responses to a specific light quality and intensity remain poorly characterised, we used a multi-omics-based approach to evaluate the metabolic and transcriptional reprogramming of leaf lettuce seedlings grown under narrow-band LED lighting...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#2
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784071/efficacy-of-lysinibacillus-sphaericus-against-mixed-cultures-of-field-collected-and-laboratory-larvae-of-aedes-aegypti-and-culex-quinquefasciatus
#3
J C Santana-Martinez, J J Silva, J Dussan
Lysinibacillus sphaericus (Bacillales: Planococcaceae) is a spore-forming bacillus used for the biological control of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) due to its larvicidal activity determined by various toxins and S-layer protein produced either during sporulation or by the vegetative cell. Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus are the vectors of arboviruses that cause tropical diseases representing a current public health problem. Both species may coexist in the same larval development sites and are susceptible to the larvicidal activity of L...
May 22, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779225/soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-associated-with-wastewater-and-sludge-reuse-a-review-of-current-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Isaac Dennis Amoah, Anthony Ayodeji Adegoke, Thor Axel Stenström
OBJECTIVE: To review current evidence on infections related to the concentration of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) eggs in wastewater, sludge and vegetables irrigated with wastewater or grown on sludge-amended soils. METHOD: Search of Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar databases for publications reporting on STH egg concentration in wastewater, sludge and vegetables and for epidemiological studies on wastewater/sludge reuse and STH infections...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#5
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779075/gardening-for-health-patterns-of-gardening-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-the-navajo
#6
India J Ornelas, Katie Osterbauer, Lisa Woo, Sonia K Bishop, Desiree Deschenie, Shirley A A Beresford, Kevin Lombard
American Indians, including Navajo, are disproportionately affected by obesity and diabetes, in part due to diet-related health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of gardening and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among residents in two communities on the Navajo Nation in order to inform a community gardening intervention. We analyzed survey data collected from participants in the Yéego Gardening study conducted in two communities in the Navajo Nation (N = 169). We found that 51% of the sample gardened, and on average participants gardened 8...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779054/dietary-modifications-and-lipid-accumulation-product-are-associated-with-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressures-in-the-women-s-health-trial-feasibility-study-in-minority-populations
#7
REVIEW
Alok Bhargava
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately 65% of adults over 60 years in the USA are hypertensive. Poor dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles are fueling the hypertension epidemic. The effects of higher intakes of fruits and vegetables and whole-grain products on systolic and diastolic blood pressures were analyzed using data at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months on 349 and 573 subjects, respectively, in the control and intervention groups of the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778951/positive-influence-of-school-meals-on-food-consumption-in-brazil
#8
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contribution of school meals to healthy food consumption among public school students in Brazil. METHODS: The data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), containing 86,660 ninth-grade students, were used. The students were asked about their consumption of school meals and of food in general over the preceeding seven days and on the day before the interview. A multinomial regression was performed to assess the relationship between the students' food consumption over the previous seven days and regular consumption of school meals (≥3 days/week), which were adjusted for sociodemographic factors...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777948/escherichia-coli-hyperepidemic-clone-st410-a-harboring-bla-ctx-m-15-isolated-from-fresh-vegetables-in-a-municipal-market-in-quito-ecuador
#9
David Ortega-Paredes, Pedro Barba, Santiago Mena-López, Nathaly Espinel, Jeannete Zurita
Dissemination of Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) Enterobacteriaceae is a major medical threat. Vegetables and fruits, which are usually consumed raw, are a very suitable pathway for the spread of these bacteria from farm-to-fork. However, limited information exists regarding resistant bacteria and epidemic clones that are disseminated in vegetables and tap water in South America. We processed a total of 90 samples in triplicate of nine typically consumed raw vegetables from a central municipal market, and tap water samples were processed from twenty-one locations in Quito, Ecuador...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776784/100-juice-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-children-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-and-nonparticipants
#10
Kelsey A Vercammen, Alyssa J Moran, Laura Y Zatz, Eric B Rimm
INTRODUCTION: The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides monthly food packages to low-income children (aged 1-4 years) in the U.S., including 128 ounces of 100% fruit juice and an $8 cash value voucher for purchasing fruits and vegetables. The fruit juice allowance translates to 71%-107% of the maximum intake recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (4-6 ounces/day). Careful examination of WIC food package allocations is necessary because overconsumption of fruit juice among young children has been linked to weight gain and juice lacks important nutrients found in whole fruit (e...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776474/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-overweight-hispanic-school-aged-children
#11
Kimberly R Hartson, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Claudia R Amura, Sarah Schmiege
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore potential correlates of physical activity and sedentary screen time behaviors among overweight Hispanic school-aged children, ages 7 to 14years. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an exploratory correlation analysis using baseline data of 40 child-parent dyads from the "Mind Exercise Nutrition Do It!" program conducted in the Western United States. RESULTS: Child self-esteem and parental vegetable intake were moderately associated with physical activity, while parental vegetable intake and child fruit intake were strongly associated with physical activity among males...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776358/associations-between-local-descriptive-norms-for-overweight-obesity-and-insufficient-fruit-intake-individual-level-diet-and-10-year-change-in-body-mass-index-and-glycosylated-haemoglobin-in-an-australian-cohort
#12
Suzanne J Carroll, Theo Niyonsenga, Neil T Coffee, Anne W Taylor, Mark Daniel
BACKGROUND: Descriptive norms (what other people do) relate to individual-level dietary behaviour and health outcome including overweight and obesity. Descriptive norms vary across residential areas but the impact of spatial variation in norms on individual-level diet and health is poorly understood. This study assessed spatial associations between local descriptive norms for overweight/obesity and insufficient fruit intake (spatially-specific local prevalence), and individual-level dietary intakes (fruit, vegetable and sugary drinks) and 10-year change in body mass index (BMI) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c )...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775834/association-between-food-insecurity-and-food-intake
#13
Melissa Luciana de Araújo, Raquel de Deus Mendonça, José Divino Lopes Filho, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
BACKGROUND: We aim to identify the prevalence of food insecurity and to ascertain the association between food insecurity and food intake. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: The study included users of a primary healthcare service in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from 2013 to 2014. Socioeconomic, health, and food intake data were gathered using a questionnaire and the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. SUBJECTS: Individuals 20 years old or older (n = 2817)...
March 28, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772890/application-of-decision-tree-for-prediction-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-incidence-based-on-environmental-and-topographic-factors-in-isfahan-province-iran
#14
Roghieh Ramezankhani, Nooshin Sajjadi, Roya Nezakati Esmaeilzadeh, Seyed Ali Jozi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a neglected tropical disease that continues to be a health problem in Iran. Nearly 350 million people are thought to be at risk. We investigated the impact of the environmental factors on CL incidence during the period 2007- 2015 in a known endemic area for this disease in Isfahan Province, Iran. After collecting data with regard to the climatic, topographic, vegetation coverage and CL cases in the study area, a decision tree model was built using the classification and regression tree algorithm...
May 8, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#15
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769499/toxoplasma-gondii-seropositivity-and-its-possible-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
C R Naheen, S Tarafder, S Khan
Toxoplasmosis is a well-documented cause of bad obstetric history (BOH) and a major reason of congenitally acquired infection. This observational study was conducted to detect the rate of seropositivity of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and observe their risk factors associated with disease transmission attending the antenatal clinic of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to August 2016. The study subjects included 150 pregnant women of different gestational ages...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769374/better-diet-quality-relates-to-larger-brain-tissue-volumes-the-rotterdam-study
#17
Pauline H Croll, Trudy Voortman, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour, Daniel Bos, Meike W Vernooij
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation of diet quality with structural brain tissue volumes and focal vascular lesions in a dementia-free population. METHODS: From the population-based Rotterdam Study, 4,447 participants underwent dietary assessment and brain MRI scanning between 2005 and 2015. We excluded participants with an implausible energy intake, prevalent dementia, or cortical infarcts, leaving 4,213 participants for the current analysis. A diet quality score (0-14) was calculated reflecting adherence to Dutch dietary guidelines...
May 16, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769170/design-and-rationale-for-a-parent-led-intervention-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-in-young-childhood-cancer-survivors-reboot-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#18
Lauren Touyz, Jennifer Cohen, Claire Wakefield, Allison Grech, Sarah Garnett, Paayal Gohil, Richard Cohn
BACKGROUND: Poor dietary habits are common among childhood cancer survivors, despite increasing their risk of cardio metabolic complications after cancer treatment. Here, we describe the design and rationale for a pilot telephone-based, parent-led intervention aimed at increasing fruit and vegetable intake in young cancer survivors (Reboot). OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of delivering evidence-based telephone support to parents of childhood cancer survivors...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#19
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766369/nutritional-issues-in-food-allergy
#20
REVIEW
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
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