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Recurrent urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346770/a-core-outcome-set-for-localised-prostate-cancer-effectiveness-trials
#1
Steven MacLennan, Paula R Williamson, Hanneke Bekema, Marion Campbell, Craig Ramsay, James N'Dow, Sara MacLennan, Luke Vale, Philipp Dahm, Nicolas Mottet, Thomas Lam, Paul Abel, Hashim U Ahmed, Gary Akehurst, Robert Almquist, Karl Beck, David Budd, Steven Canfield, James Catto, Philip Cornford, William Cross, Alexander Ewen, Judith Grant, Rakesh Heer, David Hurst, Rob Jones, Roger Kockelbergh, Andrew Mackie, Graham MacDonald, Alan McNeill, Malcolm Mason, Sam McClinton, Duncan McLaren, Hugh Mostafid, Ian Pearce, Linda Pennet, Justine Royle, Hans Schreuder, Grant D Stewart, Henk van der Poel, Kevin Wardlaw, Thomas Wiegel
OBJECTIVE: To develop a core outcome set (COS) applicable for effectiveness trials of all interventions for localised prostate cancer. BACKGROUND: Many treatments exist for localised prostate cancer, although it is unclear which offers the optimal therapeutic ratio. This is confounded by inconsistencies in the selection, definition, measurement and reporting of outcomes in clinical trials. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A list of 79 outcomes was derived from a systematic review of published localised prostate cancer effectiveness studies and semi-structured interviews with 15 prostate cancer patients...
March 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344963/comparison-of-sexual-function-between-sacrocolpopexy-and-sacrocervicopexy
#2
Yon Chu Ko, Eun-Hee Yoo, Gwan Hee Han, Young-Mi Kim
OBJECTIVE: To compare sexual function before and 12 months after between sacrocolpopexy and sacrocervicopexy. METHODS: This retrospective study examined a cohort of 55 sexually active women who underwent either supracervical hysterectomy with sacrocervicopexy (n=28) or total abdominal hysterectomy with sacrocolpopexy (n=27) for stage II to IV pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic floor support was measured with Pelvic Organ Prolapse-Quantification examination. Pelvic floor function was measured with the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-Short Form 20 and sexual function was measured with Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Function Questionnaire-Short Form 12 (PISQ-12)...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341011/interstitial-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-as-salvage-treatment-for-locally-recurrent-prostate-cancer-after-definitive-radiation-therapy-toxicity-and-5-year-outcome
#3
Ping Jiang, Christof van der Horst, Bernhard Kimmig, Fabian Zinsser, Bjoern Poppe, Ulf Luetzen, Klaus-Peter Juenemann, Juergen Dunst, Frank-André Siebert
PURPOSE: We report our results with interstitial high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) as a salvage therapy option after external beam therapy with or without BT. Emphasis was put on toxicity and 5-year outcome. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2003 to 2011, 29 patients with local failure after previous radiotherapy for prostate cancer were treated with salvage interstitial HDR-BT. The diagnosis of local recurrence was made on the basis of choline positron emission tomography...
January 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333822/committee-opinion-no-694-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#4
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333814/committee-opinion-no-694-summary-management-of-mesh-and-graft-complications-in-gynecologic-surgery
#5
(no author information available yet)
This document focuses on the management of complications related to mesh used to correct stress urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. Persistent vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, or recurrent urinary tract infections after mesh placement should prompt an examination and possible further evaluation for exposure or erosion. A careful history and physical examination is essential in the diagnosis of mesh and graft complications. A clear understanding of the location and extent of mesh placement, as well as the patient's symptoms and therapy goals, are necessary to plan treatment approaches...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322899/permanent-bulbar-urethral-ligation-emerging-treatment-option-for-incontinent-men-with-end-stage-urethra
#6
Maia E VanDyke, Boyd R Viers, Travis J Pagliara, Jeremy M Scott, Nabeel Shakir, Daniel D Dugi, Billy H Cordon, Matthias D Hofer, Allen F Morey
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with permanent urethral ligation for severe incontinence among men with end-stage urethra. METHODS: From our institutional Artificial Urethral Sphincter (AUS) database of 512 patients from 2010-2016, 10 men underwent permanent urethral ligation with concurrent suprapubic tube (SPT) diversion following recurrent AUS cuff erosion. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. Quality of life (QOL) was assessed using the Michigan Incontinence Symptom Index (M-ISI) and the Patient Global Index of Improvement (PGI-I)...
March 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304415/vaginal-obliterative-procedures-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Gunhilde M Buchsbaum, Toy Gee Lee
Importance: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition, the prevalence of which is likely to increase with the aging of our population. Also changing are parameters by which outcomes are assessed, shifting toward patient-centered care. Objective: To review vaginal obliterative procedures for surgical treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse historically and to discuss evidence on indications for colpocleisis, outcomes, and complications, as well as review pros and cons for concomitant vaginal hysterectomy and anti-incontinence procedures...
March 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302252/bilateral-ureteral-duplication-of-complete-left-and-incomplete-right-side-with-lower-pole-kidney-stone
#8
Selahattin Caliskan
Bilateral ureteral duplication is a very rare anomaly, a result of two separate ureteric buds arising from a mesonephric duct. Most of the patients are asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally. Recurrent urinary tract infections, incontinence, haematuria, stone formation and flank pain are common clinical symptoms. Intravenous urography, computed tomography urography, and magnetic resonance imaging are the diagnostic modalities. In this report, a case of bilateral ureteral duplication with stone formation in the lower pole of the right kidney is presented along with its management...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289661/early-experience-with-a-partial-stapled-hemorrhoidopexy-for-treating-patients-with-grades-iii-iv-prolapsing-hemorrhoids
#9
Hyeonseok Jeong, Sunghwan Hwang, Kil O Ryu, Jiyong Lim, Hyun Tae Kim, Hye Mi Yu, Jihoon Yoon, Ju-Young Lee, Hyoung Rae Kim, Young Gil Choi
PURPOSE: Circular stapled hemorrhoidopexy (CSH) is widely used to treat patients with grades III-IV hemorrhoids because of less pain and short hospital stay. However, this procedure is associated with some complications, such as urge to defecate, anal stenosis, staple line dehiscence, abscess and sepsis. To avoid these complications, surgeons perform a partial stapled hemorrhoidopexy (PSH). The aim of this study is to present our early experience with the PSH. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 58 patients with hemorrhoids who were treated with a PSH at Busan Hang-Un Hospital from January 2016 to June 2016...
February 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285398/early-voiding-dysfunction-after-midurethral-sling-surgery-comparison-of-two-management-approaches
#10
Erin A Brennand, Selphee Tang, Colin Birch, Magali Robert, Shunaha Kim-Fine
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Early voiding dysfunction (EVD) with urinary retention (UR) is a complication of midurethral sling (MUS) surgery. Management is not standardized. Our objective was to characterize management approaches at our center, and report outcomes including resolution of UR, persistent voiding dysfunction, and recurrent stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: All women requiring catheterization for ≥7 days after MUS surgery during the period March 2014 to 2016 were eligible for inclusion in this prospective study...
March 11, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277470/patient-reported-impact-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-on-continence-and-sexual-function-in-women-with-exstrophy-epispadias-complex
#11
Ross G Everett, Kathy M Lue, Sunil S Reddy, Daniel A Friedlander, Cameron E Alexander, Ezekiel E Young, Mahmoud Abdelwahab, Nilay M Gandhi, Edward J Wright, John P Gearhart
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize long-term urogynecologic issues of women with a history of bladder exstrophy and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess the impact of POP repair on continence and sexual function. DESIGN: Patient demographics and surgical history related to exstrophy and POP were collected through chart review. Patient perceptions regarding sexual function, urinary continence, and quality of life were assessed through Web-based administration of validated questionnaires: International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form and POP-Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire...
March 9, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#12
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254232/comparing-the-midterm-outcome-of-single-incision-vaginal-mesh-and-transobturator-vaginal-mesh-in-treating-severe-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#13
Tsai-Hwa Yang, Ling-Ying Wu, Fei-Chi Chuang, Fu-Tsai Kung, Kuan-Hui Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare perioperative parameters and midterm clinical outcomes using two different mesh kits: transobturator vaginal mesh (TVM) (both Perigee and Apogee), versus single incision vaginal mesh (SIM) (combined Elevate anterior/apical system and Elevate posterior/apical system) in treating severe pelvic organ prolapse (POP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. During 2008 and 2013, those women with severe POP [POP quantification system (POP-Q), Stage III and Stage IV], who received either TVM or SIM operation, were enrolled for cohort comparison...
February 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252312/-management-of-recurrent-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-anti-incontinence-surgery
#14
A Martan, J Mašata, K Švabík
OBJECTIVE: The review article describes the possibilities of procedures for failed anti-incontinence surgery - sling procedure or "bulking agent"? DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correct choice of procedure type to treat persistent SUI (Stress Urinary Incontinence) which persists or soon reoccurs after anti-incontinence surgery is often problematic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248034/-estrogen-deficiency-and-urinary-incontinence-in-menopausal-women
#15
A I Neimark, M V Razdorskaya, Z K Gadzhieva
By analyzing relevant domestic and international literature and their own long-standing experience, the authors discuss the problem of urinary incontinence in the context of estrogen deficiency. They outline the conservative management of patients with mild incontinence and recurrent forms after plastic surgery with taking into account the morphological findings of paraurethral tissue.
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247662/-quality-of-life-in-women-after-anterior-pelvic-exenteration
#16
O B Loran, E I Veliev, A V Seregin, A L Khachatryan, R I Guspanov, I V Seregin
60 women, who underwent anterior pelvic exenteration with different types of urine derivation since 2004 till 2014 years in urology department, RMAPO, S.P. Botkin city hospital, were included in retrospective investigation. Middle age of patients was 53,2+/-3 (32-68). 38 women with bladder cancer and 22 women with urinary injuries after radiation therapy underwent anterior pelvic exenteration. Aim of this work is to perform quality of life comparison of patients after anterior pelvic exenteration with different types of urine derivation...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247659/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women-living-in-the-south-priaralye-region
#17
A A Gaibullaev, G T Iskandarova, A A Abdurizaev
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and types of urinary incontinence (UI) among women living in the South Priaralye region, and to analyze risk factors associated with UI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population-based study was conducted by nested-typological method. Analysis was carried out on the data of 1487 women collected by a standard ICIQ-SF questionnaire, an assessment tool for female urinary incontinence recommended by the European Association of Urology. RESULTS: The study showed that the prevalence of UI among women aged 18 years and older in the South Priaralye region was 27%...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247648/-recurrent-urinary-incontinence-in-women-causes-and-treatments
#18
G R Kasyan, R V Stroganov, D Yu Pushkar'
Quite often patients assume that any new onset of urge incontinence or nocturia is recurrent urinary incontinence. Is it possible to consider any similar situation as the recurrence of urinary incontinence? No, of course not. However, if you put at the forefront a patient satisfaction with the overall result of the surgery, rather than a formal negative cough test, the picture will be somewhat different. On the one hand, it brings us back to criteria of surgery success, and on the other to the indications for repeat surgery...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247630/-salvage-external-beam-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-recurrence-after-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation
#19
R N Fomkin, V M Popkov, T V Shatylko
The article outlines oncological and functional outcomes of salvage external beam radiation therapy after HIFU-ablation in 49 patients. The study determined overall and relapse-free survival, compared the rates of adverse events stratified by CTCAE, erectile function and continence scores assessed by questionnaire survey. Univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors for failure of salvage radiation therapy after prostate HIFU-ablation were conducted. In univariate analysis the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) prior to radiotherapy, the risk group, PSA nadir after radiotherapy, PSA nadir greater than 0...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239862/primary-ureteral-leiomyosarcoma-in-a-dog
#20
F W Yap, X B Huizing, R Rasotto, K L Bowlt-Blacklock
CASE DESCRIPTION: A nearly 6-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever was presented for acute abdominal pain and lethargy. The dog had no previous health concerns apart from occasional episodes of urinary incontinence in the 2 months prior to presentation. A retroperitoneal mass involving the right ureter was found during the investigations. Serum urea was mildly elevated, but the serum creatinine was within the normal range. No distant metastases were detected. A right ureteronephrectomy was performed...
March 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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