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Recurrent urinary incontinence

Xianghua Liang, Lili Zhang, Yanwei Lv
AIM: A complete and non-splice porcine small-intestine submucosa (SIS) patch was used for total pelvic anatomical repair of organ prolapse. METHODS: This study included a total of 17 patients with severe total pelvic organ prolapse, including five patients with combined stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Panhysterectomy was performed, and then a porcine SIS patch was placed on the anterior (posterior) vaginal wall. The top of the vaginal wall was moved to the corresponding side of the vaginal wall, and the patch was sutured to bilateral uterosacral ligaments, the sacrospinous ligament, and arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Dorothy Kammerer-Doak, Kamil Svabik, Tony Bazi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Members of the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) come from different geographic locations and practice settings. A member survey regarding practice patterns provides valuable information for practitioners and researchers alike, and allows the IUGA to discover areas to focus on education and information dissemination. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed by the IUGA Research and Development committee and distributed electronically to IUGA surgeons...
October 17, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Jonathan Shaw, Kyle Wohlrab, Charles Rardin
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to determine the relative risk (RR) of reoperation for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) recurrence after midurethral sling (MUS) division or excision. Our secondary objective is to determine the RR of SUI symptom recurrence according to differing techniques of revision. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all women who underwent surgical revision of an MUS by the Division of Urogynecology at the Women & Infants' Hospital during a 10-year period between October 1, 2004, and October 1, 2014...
September 29, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
G Pic, J E Terrier, B Ozenne, N Morel-Journel, P Paparel, A Ruffion
INTRODUCTION: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a degradation of the quality of life factor in the consequences of radical prostatectomy. Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is the standard treatment. Screening and preoperative treatment of anastomotic strictures (AS) is an essential step for the success of the intervention. The objective of the study was to assess the impact of AS on the results of AUA. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 147 AUS settlements from 2005 to 2013 in the urology department of the Centre Hospitalier Lyon by three operators...
October 7, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Christopher Maher, Benjamin Feiner, Kaven Baessler, Corina Christmann-Schmid, Nir Haya, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Apical vaginal prolapse is a descent of the uterus or vaginal vault (post-hysterectomy). Various surgical treatments are available and there are no guidelines to recommend which is the best. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of any surgical intervention compared to another intervention for the management of apical vaginal prolapse. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group's Specialised Register of controlled trials, which contains trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, ClinicalTrials...
October 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jesús Romero-Maroto, Lidia Verdú-Verdú, Luis Gómez-Pérez, Carla Pérez-Tomás, Juan-José Pacheco-Bru, Ana López-López
BACKGROUND: Female urethral stricture is a rare condition. Different types of urethroplasty have been described. However, high quality studies are sparse. The most common technique used-the Blandy's technique-has resulted in our cases in a retrusive meatus and an inward urinary stream. OBJECTIVE: To show the efficacy and safety of an alternative vaginal wall flap urethroplasty. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken in a single University Hospital...
September 27, 2016: European Urology
Giuseppe Palermo, Angelo Totaro, Emilio Sacco, Nazario Foschi, Gaetano Gulino, Marco Racioppi, Pierfrancesco Bassi, Francesco Pinto
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in developed countries. Despite the primary treatments, 20-30% of patients experience a recurrence. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of salvage HIFU after radical prostatectomy in terms of biochemical free survival rate (BFSR) and PSA nadir. METHODS: Twenty two patients with local recurrence of Pca after radical prostatectomy underwent HIFU as first-line salvage therapy...
September 28, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Daniela Ulrich, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic, Katrin Grabner, Alexander Avian, Gerda Trutnovsky, Karl Tamussino, Thomas Aigmüller
AIMS: To evaluate subjective and objective outcome after repeat surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: Patients who underwent a midurethral tape after failed Burch colposuspension or failed midurethal tape between 1999 and 2014 were invited for follow-up. Urogynecological examination and urodynamics was performed, and objective cure was defined as a negative cough stress test; subjective cure was defined as negotiation of SUI symptoms. Quality-of-life (QoL), sexual health, and subjective success was assessed with the King's Health Questionnaire, Incontinence Outcome Questionnaire, Female Sexual Function Index, and the Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Ahsan Rao, Emily Barrow, Sabine Vuik, Ara Darzi, Paul Aylin
Background. Previous evidence on factors and causes of readmissions associated with high-impact users of stroke is scanty. The aim of the study was to investigate common causes and pattern of short- and long-term readmissions stroke patients by conducting a systematic review of studies using hospital administrative data. Common risk factors associated with the change of readmission rate were also examined. Methods. The literature search was conducted from 15 February to 15 March 2016 using various databases, such as Medline, Embase, and Web of Science...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
Sameh Roshdy, Ahmed Senbel, Ashraf Khater, Omar Farouk, Adel Fathi, EmadEldeen Hamed, Adel Denewer
The surgical treatment of bladder cancer is the curative treatment especially in early cases. In this study, our aim was to assess the outcome of preservation of internal genital organs in selected females both oncologically and functionally, and to assess the feasibility of technique and its complication. 24 females with clinically and radiologically diagnosed T2 bladder cancer underwent gynecologic-tract sparing cystectomy (GTSC). Age ranged from 45 to 60 years. Patients with diffuse carcinoma-in-situ, those with tumors involving the bladder neck, those with poor general condition and those with preoperative incontinence were excluded...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Abdurrahman Hamdi Inan, Emrah Toz, Emrah Beyan, Tutku Gurbuz, Aykut Ozcan, Oznur Oner
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of menopausal status on urinary continence following abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) without an anti-incontinence procedure in continent women. METHODS: We conducted a clinical follow-up study of 137 patients diagnosed with stage 3 or higher pelvic organ prolapse (POP) without urinary incontinence between January 2012 and December 2014. Patients were provided with detailed a priori information pertaining to the abdominal sacrocolpopexy procedure and were invited to attend follow-up visits at 1, 3, 12, and 24 months...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
T Rautio, J Mäkelä-Kaikkonen, M Vaarala, M Kairaluoma, J Kössi, M Carpelan-Holmström, S Salmenkylä, P Ohtonen, J Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy has been used to treat male patients with external rectal prolapse, but evidence to support this approach is scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of this new abdominal rectopexy surgical technique in men. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter study. Adult male patients who were operated on for external rectal prolapse using ventral rectopexy in five tertiary hospitals in Finland between 2006 and 2014 were included in the study...
October 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Sujit K Chowdhary, Deepak K Kandpal, Anupam Sibal, Rajendra N Srivastava, Anand S Vasudev
AIM: To evaluate the success of endoscopic deroofing with double J (DJ) stenting as a primary treatment modality of uncomplicated ureterocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All babies with uncomplicated ureterocele referred to us between 2005 and 2015 were to be prospectively recruited into the study without any exception. The preoperative management would include ultrasound KUB on a fixed protocol, micturating cystourethrogram, DTPA scan and MRU (magnetic resonance urography) or IVP (intravenous pyelography)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Sherif A El-Nashar, Ruchira Singh, Melissa M Bacon, Shunaha Kim-Fine, John A Occhino, John B Gebhart, Christopher J Klingele
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To report on clinical presentation, diagnosis, and outcomes after treatment of female urethral diverticulum (UD). METHODS: Using a record linkage system, women with a new diagnosis of UD at Mayo Clinic from January 1, 1980, through December 31, 2011, were identified. The presenting symptoms, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management of women presenting with UD were recorded. Outcomes after surgery were assessed using survival analysis...
September 16, 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Hugo H Davila, Taryn Gallo, Lindsey Bruce, Christopher Landrey
The objective of this study was to evaluate our technique and steps of robotic and laparoendoscopic single-site utero-sacral ligament suspension in the treatment of patients with symptomatic apical vaginal prolapse. A retrospective analysis was done using the data in 2 community hospital. Eighteen women presented with vaginal apex prolapse and desired minimally invasive surgery (video): (a) Laparoendoscopic single-site utero-sacral ligament suspension (LESS-UTSLS) (n = 13) or (b) robotic-assisted single-site utero-sacral ligament suspension (RASS-UTSLS) (n = 5) were eligible to participate...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Stephen Odunayo Ikuerowo, Alaba Fredrick Doherty, Muftau Jimoh Bioku, Abimbola Ayodeji Abolarinwa, Adekunle Azeez Adebayo, Steves Olaide Oyeleke, Olufunmilade Akinfolarin Omisanjo
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men in Nigeria and most cases present when the disease is already in an advanced stage. Radical prostatectomy for early prostate cancer is therefore not a commonly performed operation by urologists in Nigeria. We have had training and significant experience in radical retropubic prostatectomy. We, therefore, report the outcome of our initial experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We review the record of men with early prostate cancer who had radical retropubic prostatectomy in our institution from 2007 to 2015...
July 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Tristan P C van Doormaal, Fred van Ruissen, Kai J Miller, Jessica E Hoogendijk
Two siblings with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) 1B due to a c.517G>C (p.Gly173Arg) mutation in the MPZ gene both developed an acute cauda syndrome with unbearable back pain radiating to both legs, progressive muscle weakness of the legs, and saddle hypesthesia with fecal and urinary incontinence. MRI showed in both patients a lumbar spinal canal totally filled with hypertrophic caudal nerve roots. We performed acute decompression. Postoperatively, in both patients, the back pain resolved immediately, there was a significant improvement of both the paresis of the legs and the hypesthesia, and there was a full return of continence...
August 22, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Garson Chan, Adiel Mamut, Paul Martin, Blayne Welk
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine the outcomes associated with the endoscopic removal of foreign bodies (such as mesh or permanent suture) in the lower urinary tract after female stress incontinence surgery with the Holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) laser, and to systematically review the literature on this topic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 18 consecutive women found to have mesh or suture exposure was performed. All patients underwent Ho:YAG laser ablation...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Jan J van Iersel, Chris J de Witte, Paul M Verheijen, Ivo A M J Broeders, Egbert Lenters, Esther C J Consten, Steven E Schraffordt Koops
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor disorders are a major public health issue. For female genital prolapse, sacrocolpopexy is the gold standard. Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy is a relatively new and promising technique correcting rectal prolapse. There is no literature combining the 2 robotically assisted techniques. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the safety, quality of life, and functional and sexual outcomes of robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy for multicompartment prolapse of the pelvic floor...
October 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Maurizio Serati, Andrea Braga, Stavros Athanasiou, Giovanni A Tommaselli, Giorgio Caccia, Marco Torella, Fabio Ghezzi, Stefano Salvatore
BACKGROUND: Inside-out transobturator tape (tension-free vaginal tape-obturator [TVT-O]) is currently one of the most effective and popular procedures for the surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). However, data reporting long-term outcomes are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of TVT-O 10 yr after implantation for the treatment of female pure SUI. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A multicenter, prospective study was conducted in five tertiary referral centers in three countries...
September 2, 2016: European Urology
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