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leadership and psychology

Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Tiffeny R Jimenez, Bernadette Sánchez, Susan D McMahon, Judah Viola
As we reflect on the founding vision of the field of community psychology in the United States, we assess our progress toward achieving, building upon, and refining this vision. We review early literature regarding the US vision of the field, provide a historical overview of education and training within the field, and provide recommendations to guide and strengthen our approach to education. Our recommendations include the following: (a) serve as a resource to communities, (b) promote a sense of community within our field, (c) diversify students, faculty, and leadership, (d) evaluate our efforts, (e) be current and relevant, (f) enhance the visibility and growth of our field, and (g) create globally minded and innovative CPists...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes, Adriana Catarina de Souza Oliveira, Rosario Gómez Sánchez, Raimundo Augusto Martins Torres
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of disruptive behavior in healthcare work. METHOD: An integrative review carried out in the theoretical phase of a qualitative research substantiated by the theoretical framework of the Hybrid Model of Concept Development. The search for articles was conducted in the CINAHL, LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed and SciVerse Scopus databases in 2013. RESULTS: 70 scientific articles answered the guiding question and lead to attributes of disruptive behavior, being: incivility, psychological violence and physical/sexual violence; with their main antecedents (intrapersonal, interpersonal and organizational) being: personality characteristics, stress and work overload; and consequences of: workers' moral/mental distress, compromised patient safety, labor loss, and disruption of communication, collaboration and teamwork...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Aimin Yan, Yigui Xiao
This study tested the influence and mechanisms of servant leadership on voice behavior, including the mediating role of psychological safety, and the moderating role of supervisor-subordinate Guanxi. Data were collected from 430 civil servants and their immediate supervisors in Changsha, China. Cross-Level investigation revealed that servant leadership had a significant influence on voice behavior, psychological safety mediated the relationship between servant leadership and voice behavior, while supervisor-subordinate Guanxi negatively moderated the relationship between servant leadership and voice behavior...
2016: SpringerPlus
Erica L Carleton, Julian Barling, Amy M Christie, Melissa Trivisonno, Kelsey Tulloch, Mark R Beauchamp
Based on the contention that leadership has sustained effects on followers even after the leader-follower relationship has ended, we investigated the career-long effects of abusive coach leadership on athlete aggression and task performance. Abusive leadership scores were derived from ratings by two independent raters' evaluations of coaches' biographies, and athlete aggression and task performance data were derived from objective sources. Data were obtained from players (N = 693) and coaches (N = 57) involved in the National Basketball Association (NBA) between 2000/2001 and 2005/2006 seasons...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Can Nakkas, Hubert Annen, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: Soldiers must cope with stressors during both military operations and training if they are to accomplish their missions successfully and stay mentally stable. This holds true particularly for military superiors, as they bear greater responsibilities and must meet greater demands during both deployment and training. Accordingly, in the present study, we investigated whether recruits chosen for further promotion at the end of basic training differed with regard to psychological distress and coping strategies from those not chosen for promotion, and whether recruits' coping styles and distress levels were associated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Ian D Coulter, Lara Hilton, Joan Walter, Kathleen S Brown
OBJECTIVES: Biomedicine and complementary and alternative medicine are forming new relationships, under the rubric of integrative medicine. Recently, the military has adopted integrative medicine as the model for pain management. An evaluation was conducted on an integrative model for pain management at a major Army medical center to determine the distinct challenges that were encountered during the early stages of this integrative program. METHODS: The design is a case study evaluation...
September 2016: Military Medicine
Judith J Voogt, Elizabeth L J van Rensen, Marieke F van der Schaaf, Mirko Noordegraaf, Margriet Me Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To develop an educational intervention that targets residents' beliefs and attitudes to quality Improvement (QI) and leadership in order to demonstrate proactive behaviour. DESIGN: Theory-driven, mixed methods study including document analysis, interviews, observations and open-ended questionnaires. SETTING: Six Dutch teaching hospitals. INTERVENTION: Using expertise from medicine, psychology, organizational and educational sciences we developed a situated learning programme named Ponder and IMProve (PIMP)...
September 2, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Soomi Lee, Kelly D Davis, Claudia Neuendorf, Alicia Grandey, Chun Bun Lam, David M Almeida
PURPOSE: Building on the Conservation of Resources theory, this paper examined the unique and interactive associations of negative and positive work-to-family spillover (NWFS and PWFS, respectively) at the individual and organizational level with hotel managers' work exhaustion and satisfaction, beyond job demands and supervisors' leadership style. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Guided by the levels of analysis framework, we first tested the unique associations of NWFS and PWFS with emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction at the individual level (571 hotel managers), beyond job demands supervisors' leadership style...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Penny Huddleston, Jennifer Gray
BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) Healthy Work Environment Assessment Tool was developed as a simple screening tool to assess the characteristics of a healthy work environment (HWE) in critical care environments. PURPOSES: The purposes of these 2 qualitative research studies are to explore the nurse leaders' and direct care nurses' perceptions of the meaning of a HWE, to describe the nurse leaders' and direct care nurses' perceptions of a HWE, and to define the characteristics of a HWE in acute care settings...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Celia Hynes, Mike Thomas
This paper reports on a systematic review undertaken in 2013 aimed at identifying evidence and dismissing some of the myths surrounding the needs of the veteran community. Papers were retrieved from a wide range of sources to ensure that literature covered the key areas of health concerns and focused also on time spent in service. Of the twenty eight papers reviewed categories relating to mental health (including PTSD and suicide), the use of alcohol, trauma, hearing loss, cancer and obesity were identified...
August 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Donna Brown, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore holistic facilitation as an approach to enable the healthcare team to critically analyse practice and enhance patient care. BACKGROUND: Globally, the challenge of changing healthcare practices for enhanced patient care is the focus of much attention. Facilitation is emerging as an important approach to assist healthcare teams to explore and improve their practice. Within the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework, which has been tested in an international arena, facilitation is a key element of operationalising collaborative changes in practice...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
G Andreeva, V Gorbunov, V Beloliperskaya, S Kukushkin, E Zvolinskaya, O Lerman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was to define relationships between psychological traits of patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and the antihypertensive drug effectiveness.(Figure is included in full-text article.) DESIGN AND METHOD: : We analyzed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) data of 275 patients with AH without serious concomitant diseases We used data base of several studies with the same design: 1) the washout period duration - 1-2 weeks; 2) initial ABPM session (SpaceLabs 90207) before treatment; 3) treatment with standard therapeutic doses (amlodipin, diltiazem, metoprolol, betaxolol, enalapril, moxonidin, lisinopril) with the addition of diuretic if needed; 4) psychological status assessment was performed by the psychological questionnaire "Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory"(MMPI) before and at the end of the treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Amy C Edmondson
Companies today increasingly rely on teams that span many industries for radical innovation, especially to solve "wicked problems." So leaders have to understand how to promote collaboration when roles are uncertain, goals are shifting, expertise and organizational cultures are varied, and participants have clashing or even antagonistic perspectives. HBS professor Amy Edmondson has studied more than a dozen cross-industry innovation projects, among them the creation of a new city, a mango supply-chain transformation, and the design and construction of leading-edge buildings...
June 2016: Harvard Business Review
Hannah Dale, Alyssa Lee
BACKGROUND: Significant challenges exist within primary care services in the United Kingdom (UK). These include meeting current demand, financial pressures, an aging population and an increase in multi-morbidity. Psychological services also struggle to meet waiting time targets and to ensure increased access to psychological therapies. Innovative ways of delivering effective primary care and psychological services are needed to improve health outcomes. In this article we argue that integrated care models that incorporate behavioural health care are part of the solution, which has seldom been argued in relation to UK primary care...
2016: BMC Family Practice
Anne Richter, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Caroline Lornudd, Robert Lundmark, Rebecca Mosson, Henna Hasson
BACKGROUND: Leadership is a key feature in implementation efforts, which is highlighted in most implementation frameworks. However, in studying leadership and implementation, only few studies rely on established leadership theory, which makes it difficult to draw conclusions regarding what kinds of leadership managers should perform and under what circumstances. In industrial and organizational psychology, transformational leadership and contingent reward have been identified as effective leadership styles for facilitating change processes, and these styles map well onto the behaviors identified in implementation research...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Rachel Arnold, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Lauren Steadman, Yasmin Pratt
Organisational stressors have been found to be prevalent and problematic for sport performers, with research identifying demographic differences in the stressors encountered. Nevertheless, extant sport psychology research on the topic of stress has generally focused on able-bodied athletes; whilst that which has been conducted on performers with a disability has typically recruited relatively small samples to explore a narrow selection of organisational stressors, or examined other components of the stress process...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Julian Barling, Michael R Frone
The goal of this study was to develop and test a sequential mediational model explaining the negative relationship of passive leadership to employee well-being. Based on role stress theory, we posit that passive leadership will predict higher levels of role ambiguity, role conflict and role overload. Invoking Conservation of Resources theory, we further hypothesize that these role stressors will indirectly and negatively influence two aspects of employee well-being, namely overall mental health and overall work attitude, through psychological work fatigue...
July 29, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Jessica S Merlin, Sarah R Young, Mallory O Johnson, Michael Saag, William Demonte, Riddhi Modi, Sally Shurbaji, William A Anderson, Robert Kerns, Matthew J Bair, Stefan Kertesz, Susan Davies, Janet M Turan
BACKGROUND:  Chronic pain is a common and disabling comorbidity in individuals living with HIV. Behavioral interventions are among the most effective and safe nonpharmacologic treatments for chronic pain. However, the success of a behavioral intervention is influenced by how well it is tailored to the target population's biological, psychological, and social context. Given well-documented psychosocial vulnerabilities among persons with HIV, it is critical to develop a behavioral intervention for chronic pain tailored to this population...
July 17, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Catherine Houghton, Kathy Murphy, Dawn Brooker, Dympna Casey
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a global issue, with increasing prevalence rates impacting on health services internationally. People with dementia are frequently admitted to hospital, an environment that may not be suited to their needs. While many initiatives have been developed to improve their care in the acute setting, there is a lack of cohesive understanding of how staff experience and perceive the care they give to people with dementia in the acute setting. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative synthesis was to explore health care staffs' experiences and perceptions of caring for people with dementia in the acute setting...
September 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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