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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210771/factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Selina M Parry, Laura D Knight, Bronwen Connolly, Claire Baldwin, Zudin Puthucheary, Peter Morris, Jessica Mortimore, Nicholas Hart, Linda Denehy, Catherine L Granger
PURPOSE: To identify, evaluate and synthesise studies examining the barriers and enablers for survivors of critical illness to participate in physical activity in the ICU and post-ICU settings from the perspective of patients, caregivers and healthcare providers. METHODS: Systematic review of articles using five electronic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Scopus. Quantitative and qualitative studies that were published in English in a peer-reviewed journal and assessed barriers or enablers for survivors of critical illness to perform physical activity were included...
February 16, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182461/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-1989-to-1994-changes-in-major-research-themes-and-practices-over-25-years
#2
Neal Schmitt
Informal observations concerning journal content indicates that research investigating organizational behavior topics, including work on the structure of groups and determinants and consequences of group process along with the role of leadership in groups, has increased. Some topics have disappeared (e.g., job analysis, human factors, union-related work, consumer behavior) and others are declining (e.g., research methods, psychometrics). Perhaps the biggest change is in the length of articles, which is mostly a function of the inclusion of greater numbers of references and appendix material...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169825/-evaluation-and-intervention-of-psychological-work-climate-among-nursing-staff-160-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Stéphanie Maillet, François Courcy, Jeannette Leblanc
<ce:para>This review of literature focuses on the influence of psychological work climate and job satisfaction on nurses’ turnover intentions. More specifically, this review aims to explain the influence of the primary dimensions of psychological work climate - job characteristics, role characteristics, leadership characteristics, teamwork characteristics and organizational characteristics - on nurses’ organizational and occupational turnover intentions. Furthermore, this review aims to explain the role of job satisfaction as a potential mediator in the relationship between psychological work climate dimensions and both organizational and occupational turnover intentions among nurses...
July 5, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167657/from-concept-to-practice-is-multidimensional-care-the-leading-principle-in-hospice-care-an-exploratory-mixed-method-study
#4
Everlien de Graaf, Merel van Klinken, Danielle Zweers, Saskia Teunissen
BACKGROUND: Hospice care (HC) aims to optimise the quality of life of patients and their families by relief and prevention of multidimensional suffering. The aim of this study is to gain insight into multidimensional care (MC) provided to hospice inpatients by a multiprofessional team (MT) and identify facilitators, to ameliorate multidimensional HC. METHODS: This exploratory mixed-method study with a sequential quantitative-qualitative design was conducted from January to December 2015...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150998/transformational-leadership-and-employee-psychological-well-being-a-review-and-directions-for-future-research
#5
Kara A Arnold
This review paper focuses on answering 2 research questions: (a) Does transformational leadership predict employee well-being? (b) If so, how and when does this prediction occur? A systematic computerized search and review of empirical papers published between January 1980 and December 2015 was conducted. Forty papers were found that met the criteria of reporting empirical results, being published in English, and focused on answering the above research questions. Based on these papers it appears that, in general, transformational leadership positively predicts positive measures of well-being, and negatively predicts negative measures of well-being (i...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150910/transformational-leadership-and-innovative-work-behavior-among-nursing-staff
#6
Mariam Masood, Bilal Afsar
The importance of innovation within organizations has been demonstrated on numerous occasions, which has subsequently led to the identification of effective leadership as a potential catalyst. Most of us would acknowledge that effective leadership plays a pivotal role to engender innovativeness among nursing staff. Although research has identified some leadership styles to foster a nurse's innovative work behavior, a comprehensive model explaining the effect of transformational leadership on nurses' innovative work behavior is still unclear...
February 2, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145617/improving-exchange-with-consumers-within-mental-health-organizations-recognizing-mental-ill-health-experience-as-a-sneaky-special-degree
#7
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Stigmatizing views towards consumers may be held even by those working within mental health organizations. Contemporary mental health policies require organizations to work collaboratively with consumers in producing and delivering services. Using social exchange theory, which emphasises mutual exchange to maximise benefits in partnership, the current study explores the perspectives of those working within organizations that have some level of consumer leadership. Interviews were conducted with 14 participants from a range of mental health organizations...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132582/non-deployment-factors-affecting-psychological-wellbeing-in-military-personnel-literature-review
#8
Samantha K Brooks, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Most military mental health research focuses on the impact of deployment-related stress; less is known about how everyday work-related factors affect wellbeing. AIMS: This systematic narrative literature review aimed to identify non-deployment-related factors contributing to the wellbeing of military personnel. METHOD: Electronic literature databases were searched and the findings of relevant studies were used to explore non-deployment-related risk and resilience factors...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125258/100-years-of-occupational-safety-research-from-basic-protections-and-work-analysis-to-a-multilevel-view-of-workplace-safety-and-risk
#9
David A Hofmann, Michael J Burke, Dov Zohar
Starting with initiatives dating back to the mid-1800s, we provide a high-level review of the key trends and developments in the application of applied psychology to the field of occupational safety. Factory laws, basic worker compensation, and research on accident proneness comprised much of the early work. Thus, early research and practice very much focused on the individual worker, the design of their work, and their basic protection. Gradually and over time, the focus began to navigate further into the organizational context...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125257/leadership-in-applied-psychology-three-waves-of-theory-and-research
#10
Robert G Lord, David V Day, Stephen J Zaccaro, Bruce J Avolio, Alice H Eagly
Although in the early years of the Journal leadership research was rare and focused primarily on traits differentiating leaders from nonleaders, subsequent to World War II the research area developed in 3 major waves of conceptual, empirical, and methodological advances: (a) behavioral and attitude research; (b) behavioral, social-cognitive, and contingency research; and (c) transformational, social exchange, team, and gender-related research. Our review of this work shows dramatic increases in sophistication from early research focusing on personnel issues associated with World War I to contemporary multilevel models and meta-analyses on teams, shared leadership, leader-member exchange, gender, ethical, abusive, charismatic, and transformational leadership...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125256/organizational-climate-and-culture-reflections-on-the-history-of-the-constructs-in-jap
#11
Benjamin Schneider, Vicente González-Romá, Cheri Ostroff, Michael A West
We review the literature on organizational climate and culture paying specific attention to articles published in the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP) since its first volume in 1917. The article traces the history of the 2 constructs though JAP has been far more important for climate than culture research. We distinguish 4 main periods: the pre-1971 era, with pioneering work on exploring conceptualization and operationalizations of the climate construct; the 1971-1985 era, with foundational work on aggregation issues, outcome-focused climates (on safety and service) and early writings on culture; the 1986-1999 era, characterized by solidification of a focused climate approach to understanding organizational processes (justice, discrimination) and outcomes (safety, service) and the beginnings of survey approaches to culture; and the 2000-2014 era, characterized by multilevel work on climate, climate strength, demonstrated validity for a climate approach to outcomes and processes, and the relationship between leadership and climate and culture...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074984/-wellbeing-of-chilean-older-adults-is-associated-with-group-participation
#12
Oskarina Palma-Candia, César Hueso-Montoro, Azucena Ortega-Valdivieso, Rafael Montoya-Juárez, Francisco Cruz-Quintana
BACKGROUND: Subjective aspects such as personal growth and the development of their potential are relevant for the perception of wellbeing of older adults. These dimensions appear to be connected with meaningful group participation. AIM: To assess the perception of psychological wellbeing of older adults in a Chilean region and determine its association with socio-demographic variables and participation in organizations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ryff's scale of psychological wellbeing perception was applied to 101 adults (43 men) from Magallanes, aged 60 and 88 years...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068957/psychological-social-and-mechanical-work-exposures-and-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study
#13
Jan S Emberland, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Stein Knardahl
BACKGROUND: Relations between several occupational psychological and social factors and disability retirement remain largely unexplored. Knowledge of which specific aspects of the work environment that affect risk of disability is a prerequisite for the success of organizational interventions aiming to prevent premature work force exit. The objective of the present study was to determine contributions to registered disability retirement by a broad range of psychological and social work exposures while taking into account effects of mechanical exposure...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068137/meeting-evolving-workforce-needs-preparing-psychologists-for-leadership-in-the-patient-centered-medical-home
#14
Abbie O Beacham, Kristi S Van Sickle, Parinda Khatri, Mana K Ali, Daniel Reimer, Eugene W Farber, Nadine J Kaslow
Behavioral health integration in the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) offers opportunities for psychologists to play leadership roles. Widespread practice transition to PCMH models of care are expected to substantially impact the psychology workforce. Conservative estimates suggest that approximately 90% of the 93,000 clinically trained psychologists would be required to meet projected need in these settings. This has implications for how health service psychologists are trained. In addition to relevant clinical competencies, they must be versed in system/program development, administration, evaluation, quality improvement, and interprofessional collaboration...
January 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012887/-the-actualized-neurosurgeon-a-proposed-model-of-surgical-resident-development
#15
Nir Lipsman, Osaama Khan, Abhaya V Kulkarni
Modern neurosurgical training is both physically and emotionally demanding, posing significant challenges, new and old, to residents, as well as programs attempting to train safe, competent surgeons. Models to describe resident development, such as the ACGME competencies and milestones, address the acquisition of specific skills, but largely ignore the stresses and pressures unique to each stage of resident training. We propose an alternative model of resident development adapted from the developmental psychology literature...
December 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984772/strategies-for-fostering-basic-psychological-needs-support-in-high-quality-youth-leadership-programs
#16
Corliss Bean, Meghan Harlow, Kelsey Kendellen
Youth leadership programming has become an increasingly common context to foster basic psychological needs and promote youth development. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore strategies involved in fostering youth needs support within six leadership programs. Two leaders and 30 youth participated in semi-structured interviews to better understand the strategies used to foster needs support. Findings revealed that leaders were able to foster a sense of relatedness among youth through building trusting adult-youth relationships and nurturing an inclusive environment...
December 7, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977266/award-for-distinguished-contributions-of-applications-of-psychology-to-education-and-training-cindy-lee-juntunen
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Contributions of Applications of Psychology to Education and Training acknowledges psychologists who contribute to new teaching methods or solutions to learning problems through the use of research findings or evidence-based practices. The 2016 recipient is Cindy Lee Juntunen. She is recognized for "her steadfast commitment to the training of future counseling psychologists, for her leadership in key national organizations focused on education and training, and for her contributions to training competencies and practice guidelines within counseling psychology...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977262/award-for-distinguished-contributions-to-education-and-training-in-psychology
#18
(no author information available yet)
This award is given by the Board of Educational Affairs in recognition of the efforts of psychologists who have made distinguished contributions to education and training, who have produced imaginative innovations, or who have been involved in the developmental phases of programs in education and training in psychology. These contributions might include important research on education and training; the development of effective materials for instruction; the establishment of workshops, conferences, or networks of communication for education and training; achievement and leadership in administration that facilitates education and training; or activity in professional organizations that promote excellence...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969055/a-longitudinal-study-of-working-life-among-first-line-managers-in-the-care-of-older-adults
#19
Heidi Hagerman, Bernice Skytt, Barbro Wadensten, Hans Högberg, Maria Engström
AIM: To study whether the number of subordinates plays a role in first-line managers' and subordinates' ratings of empowerment, stress symptoms, and leadership-management performance. The aim was also to study relationships between managers' empowerment and stress symptoms and leadership-management performance. METHODS: A longitudinal and correlational design was used. All first-line managers (n=98) and their subordinates (n=2085) working in the care of older adults in five municipalities were approached...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928857/further-examination-of-predictors-of-turnover-intention-among-mental-health-professionals
#20
N J Yanchus, D Periard, K Osatuke
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: When mental health professionals leave organizations, detrimental effects on quality of patient care occur. Reasons for leaving include incivility, lack of autonomy, perceptions of unfair treatment and feeling psychologically unsafe at work. This paper sought to investigate additional reasons why mental health professionals intend to quit or to cognitively withdraw from their jobs. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Past research on this topic is limited in its scope and data...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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