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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921046/weight-management-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Susanne Maurer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. It is not only a medical but also a philosophical, ecological, economic, sociocultural, and psychological problem as well as a severe consequence of our modern value definition to 'receive more and more'. Therefore, physicians are not able to treat obesity broadly and should not be used as tools to achieve certain weight goals. METHODS: This article presents an outline of conservative obesity therapy...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878849/leading-change-a-concept-analysis
#2
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of leading change. BACKGROUND: Nurses have been called to lead change to advance the health of individuals, populations and systems. Conceptual clarity about leading change in the context of nursing and healthcare systems provides an empirical direction for future research and theory development that can advance the science of leadership studies in nursing. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Health Business Elite and Business Source Premier databases were searched using the terms: leading change, transformation, reform, leadership and change...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797652/far-more-than-dutiful-daughter-milicent-shinn-s-child-study-and-education-advocacy-after-1898
#3
Elissa N Rodkey
Previous scholarship on the life of psychologist Milicent Shinn (E. Scarborough & L. Furumoto, 1987 ) emphasized Shinn's failure to pursue an academic career in psychology following her PhD in 1898. Scarborough and Furumoto used Shinn as an example of "the family claim"-the career limitations women faced in terms of their family obligations. This narrative, however, obscured Shinn's continued engagement with child study before and after her years in graduate school, as a recent article documenting Shinn's leadership of network of home-based observers of infant development makes clear (C...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786498/a-dual-stage-moderated-mediation-model-linking-authoritarian-leadership-to-follower-outcomes
#4
John M Schaubroeck, Yimo Shen, Sinhui Chong
Although authoritarian leadership is viewed pejoratively in the literature, in general it is not strongly related to important follower outcomes. We argue that relationships between authoritarian leadership and individual employee outcomes are mediated by perceived insider status, yet in different ways depending on work unit power distance climate and individual role breadth self-efficacy. Results from technology company employees in China largely supported our hypothesized model. We observed negative indirect effects of authoritarian leadership on job performance, affective organizational commitment, and intention to stay among employees in units with relatively low endorsement of power distance, whereas the indirect relationships were not significant among employees in relatively high power distance units...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779539/a-pilot-study-testing-of-the-psychological-conditions-scale-among-hospital-nurses
#5
Donna M Fountain, Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Psychological Conditions Scale (PCS), a measure of drivers of engagement in hospital-based nurses. BACKGROUND: Research suggests drivers of engagement are positive links to patient, employee, and hospital outcomes. Although this scale has been used in other occupations, it has not been tested in nursing. METHODS: A cross-sectional, methodological study using a convenience sample of 200 nurses in a large Magnet® hospital in New Jersey...
November 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756294/measuring-interprofessional-competencies-and-attitudes-among-health-professional-students-creating-family-planning-virtual-patient-cases
#6
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726153/a-vision-for-the-future-of-community-psychology-education-and-training
#7
Tiffeny R Jimenez, Bernadette Sánchez, Susan D McMahon, Judah Viola
As we reflect on the founding vision of the field of community psychology in the United States, we assess our progress toward achieving, building upon, and refining this vision. We review early literature regarding the US vision of the field, provide a historical overview of education and training within the field, and provide recommendations to guide and strengthen our approach to education. Our recommendations include the following: (a) serve as a resource to communities, (b) promote a sense of community within our field, (c) diversify students, faculty, and leadership, (d) evaluate our efforts, (e) be current and relevant, (f) enhance the visibility and growth of our field, and (g) create globally minded and innovative CPists...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680057/analyzing-the-concept-of-disruptive-behavior-in-healthcare-work-an-integrative-review
#8
Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes, Adriana Catarina de Souza Oliveira, Rosario Gómez Sánchez, Raimundo Augusto Martins Torres
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of disruptive behavior in healthcare work. METHOD: An integrative review carried out in the theoretical phase of a qualitative research substantiated by the theoretical framework of the Hybrid Model of Concept Development. The search for articles was conducted in the CINAHL, LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed and SciVerse Scopus databases in 2013. RESULTS: 70 scientific articles answered the guiding question and lead to attributes of disruptive behavior, being: incivility, psychological violence and physical/sexual violence; with their main antecedents (intrapersonal, interpersonal and organizational) being: personality characteristics, stress and work overload; and consequences of: workers' moral/mental distress, compromised patient safety, labor loss, and disruption of communication, collaboration and teamwork...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652168/servant-leadership-and-employee-voice-behavior-a-cross-level-investigation-in-china
#9
Aimin Yan, Yigui Xiao
This study tested the influence and mechanisms of servant leadership on voice behavior, including the mediating role of psychological safety, and the moderating role of supervisor-subordinate Guanxi. Data were collected from 430 civil servants and their immediate supervisors in Changsha, China. Cross-Level investigation revealed that servant leadership had a significant influence on voice behavior, psychological safety mediated the relationship between servant leadership and voice behavior, while supervisor-subordinate Guanxi negatively moderated the relationship between servant leadership and voice behavior...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634106/scarred-for-the-rest-of-my-career-career-long-effects-of-abusive-leadership-on-professional-athlete-aggression-and-task-performance
#10
Erica L Carleton, Julian Barling, Amy M Christie, Melissa Trivisonno, Kelsey Tulloch, Mark R Beauchamp
Based on the contention that leadership has sustained effects on followers even after the leader-follower relationship has ended, we investigated the career-long effects of abusive coach leadership on athlete aggression and task performance. Abusive leadership scores were derived from ratings by two independent raters' evaluations of coaches' biographies, and athlete aggression and task performance data were derived from objective sources. Data were obtained from players (N = 693) and coaches (N = 57) involved in the National Basketball Association (NBA) between 2000/2001 and 2005/2006 seasons...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621634/psychological-distress-and-coping-in-military-cadre-candidates
#11
Can Nakkas, Hubert Annen, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: Soldiers must cope with stressors during both military operations and training if they are to accomplish their missions successfully and stay mentally stable. This holds true particularly for military superiors, as they bear greater responsibilities and must meet greater demands during both deployment and training. Accordingly, in the present study, we investigated whether recruits chosen for further promotion at the end of basic training differed with regard to psychological distress and coping strategies from those not chosen for promotion, and whether recruits' coping styles and distress levels were associated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612349/integrative-pain-management-centers-in-the-military-the-challenges
#12
Ian D Coulter, Lara Hilton, Joan Walter, Kathleen S Brown
OBJECTIVES: Biomedicine and complementary and alternative medicine are forming new relationships, under the rubric of integrative medicine. Recently, the military has adopted integrative medicine as the model for pain management. An evaluation was conducted on an integrative model for pain management at a major Army medical center to determine the distinct challenges that were encountered during the early stages of this integrative program. METHODS: The design is a case study evaluation...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591267/building-bridges-engaging-medical-residents-in-quality-improvement-and-medical-leadership
#13
Judith J Voogt, Elizabeth L J van Rensen, Marieke F van der Schaaf, Mirko Noordegraaf, Margriet Me Schneider
OBJECTIVE: To develop an educational intervention that targets residents' beliefs and attitudes to quality Improvement (QI) and leadership in order to demonstrate proactive behaviour. DESIGN: Theory-driven, mixed methods study including document analysis, interviews, observations and open-ended questionnaires. SETTING: Six Dutch teaching hospitals. INTERVENTION: Using expertise from medicine, psychology, organizational and educational sciences we developed a situated learning programme named Ponder and IMProve (PIMP)...
September 2, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582712/individual-and-organization-level-work-to-family-spillover-are-uniquely-associated-with-hotel-managers-work-exhaustion-and-satisfaction
#14
Soomi Lee, Kelly D Davis, Claudia Neuendorf, Alicia Grandey, Chun Bun Lam, David M Almeida
PURPOSE: Building on the Conservation of Resources theory, this paper examined the unique and interactive associations of negative and positive work-to-family spillover (NWFS and PWFS, respectively) at the individual and organizational level with hotel managers' work exhaustion and satisfaction, beyond job demands and supervisors' leadership style. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Guided by the levels of analysis framework, we first tested the unique associations of NWFS and PWFS with emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction at the individual level (571 hotel managers), beyond job demands supervisors' leadership style...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556655/describing-nurse-leaders-and-direct-care-nurses-perceptions-of-a-healthy-work-environment-in-acute-care-settings-part-2
#15
Penny Huddleston, Jennifer Gray
BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) Healthy Work Environment Assessment Tool was developed as a simple screening tool to assess the characteristics of a healthy work environment (HWE) in critical care environments. PURPOSES: The purposes of these 2 qualitative research studies are to explore the nurse leaders' and direct care nurses' perceptions of the meaning of a HWE, to describe the nurse leaders' and direct care nurses' perceptions of a HWE, and to define the characteristics of a HWE in acute care settings...
September 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539501/what-does-the-literature-say-about-the-needs-of-veterans-in-the-areas-of-health
#16
Celia Hynes, Mike Thomas
This paper reports on a systematic review undertaken in 2013 aimed at identifying evidence and dismissing some of the myths surrounding the needs of the veteran community. Papers were retrieved from a wide range of sources to ensure that literature covered the key areas of health concerns and focused also on time spent in service. Of the twenty eight papers reviewed categories relating to mental health (including PTSD and suicide), the use of alcohol, trauma, hearing loss, cancer and obesity were identified...
August 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528002/exploring-psychological-safety-as-a-component-of-facilitation-within-the-promoting-action-on-research-implementation-in-health-services-framework
#17
Donna Brown, Brendan McCormack
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore holistic facilitation as an approach to enable the healthcare team to critically analyse practice and enhance patient care. BACKGROUND: Globally, the challenge of changing healthcare practices for enhanced patient care is the focus of much attention. Facilitation is emerging as an important approach to assist healthcare teams to explore and improve their practice. Within the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework, which has been tested in an international arena, facilitation is a key element of operationalising collaborative changes in practice...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508656/-op-1a-09-the-relationship-between-the-aggression-level-of-patients-with-arterial-hypertension-and-the-antihypertensive-drug-effectiveness
#18
G Andreeva, V Gorbunov, V Beloliperskaya, S Kukushkin, E Zvolinskaya, O Lerman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was to define relationships between psychological traits of patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and the antihypertensive drug effectiveness.(Figure is included in full-text article.) DESIGN AND METHOD: : We analyzed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) data of 275 patients with AH without serious concomitant diseases We used data base of several studies with the same design: 1) the washout period duration - 1-2 weeks; 2) initial ABPM session (SpaceLabs 90207) before treatment; 3) treatment with standard therapeutic doses (amlodipin, diltiazem, metoprolol, betaxolol, enalapril, moxonidin, lisinopril) with the addition of diuretic if needed; 4) psychological status assessment was performed by the psychological questionnaire "Minnesota Multiphase Personality Inventory"(MMPI) before and at the end of the treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491195/wicked-problem-solvers
#19
Amy C Edmondson
Companies today increasingly rely on teams that span many industries for radical innovation, especially to solve "wicked problems." So leaders have to understand how to promote collaboration when roles are uncertain, goals are shifting, expertise and organizational cultures are varied, and participants have clashing or even antagonistic perspectives. HBS professor Amy Edmondson has studied more than a dozen cross-industry innovation projects, among them the creation of a new city, a mango supply-chain transformation, and the design and construction of leading-edge buildings...
June 2016: Harvard Business Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473414/behavioural-health-consultants-in-integrated-primary-care-teams-a-model-for-future-care
#20
Hannah Dale, Alyssa Lee
BACKGROUND: Significant challenges exist within primary care services in the United Kingdom (UK). These include meeting current demand, financial pressures, an aging population and an increase in multi-morbidity. Psychological services also struggle to meet waiting time targets and to ensure increased access to psychological therapies. Innovative ways of delivering effective primary care and psychological services are needed to improve health outcomes. In this article we argue that integrated care models that incorporate behavioural health care are part of the solution, which has seldom been argued in relation to UK primary care...
2016: BMC Family Practice
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