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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154599/negative-outcomes-after-morally-injurious-experiences-a-replication-and-extension
#1
Steven Lloyd Lancaster
OBJECTIVE: The current study replicates and extends a model of the relationship between morally injurious experiences, moral emotions, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Jordan, Eisen, Bolton, Nash, & Litz, 2017). The current study builds on this earlier work by including broader measures of moral emotions and by including an assessment of symptoms of depression. METHOD: An online survey, distributed using crowdsourcing software, was completed by 161 military veterans...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148110/stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-nurse-managers-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Michael Leocadio, Peter Van Bogaert, Greta G Cummings
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To appraise and synthesize empirical studies examining sources of occupational stress and ways of coping utilized by Nurse Managers (NMs) when dealing with stress. BACKGROUND: The Nurse Manager's role is challenging yet draining and stressful and has adverse consequences on an individual's overall health and well -being, patients' outcomes, and organizational productivity. Considerable research has been done; however, an updated and broader perspective on this critical organizational issue has not been performed...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102425/leadership-rounds-to-reduce-health-care-associated-infections
#3
Mary Jo Knobloch, Betty Chewning, Jackson Musuuza, Susan Rees, Christopher Green, Erin Patterson, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines exist to reduce health care-associated infections (HAIs). Leadership rounds are one tool leaders can use to ensure compliance with guidelines, but have not been studied specifically for the reduction of HAIs. This study examines HAI leadership rounds at one facility. METHODS: We explored unit-based HAI leadership rounds led by 2 hospital leaders at a large academic hospital. Leadership rounds were observed on 19 units, recorded, and coded to identify themes...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094959/leader-humility-and-team-creativity-the-role-of-team-information-sharing-psychological-safety-and-power-distance
#4
Jia Hu, Berrin Erdogan, Kaifeng Jiang, Talya N Bauer, Songbo Liu
In this study, we identify leader humility, characterized by being open to admitting one's limitations, shortcomings, and mistakes, and showing appreciation and giving credit to followers, as a critical leader characteristic relevant for team creativity. Integrating the literatures on creativity and leadership, we explore the relationship between leader humility and team creativity, treating team psychological safety and team information sharing as mediators. Further, we hypothesize and examine team power distance as a moderator of the relationship...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077619/perceptions-of-risk-and-safety-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-processes-relating-to-staffing
#5
Danielle M D'Lima, Eleanor J Murray, Stephen J Brett
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to 1) examine individual professionals' perceptions of staffing risks and safe staffing in intensive care and 2) identify and examine the cognitive processes that underlie these perceptions. DESIGN: Qualitative case study methodology with nurses, doctors, and physiotherapists. SETTING: Three mixed medical and surgical adult ICUs, each on a separate hospital site within a 1,200-bed academic, tertiary London hospital group...
October 26, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076890/a-trans-dyadic-perspective-on-the-goldwater-rule
#6
Eric M Plakun
The Goldwater Rule has been debated, redefined, and debated further since the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States. This column offers a perspective on the Goldwater Rule that moves beyond psychiatry's current preoccupation with precision DSM-5 diagnosis of individuals, which ethically requires consent or other legal authorization for release of diagnostic information to others, and into the realm of leadership as seen through the "trans-dyadic" lens of psychoanalytic understanding of large group processes on a societal level...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#7
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061088/workplace-bullying-and-relationships-with-health-and-performance-among-a-sample-of-new-zealand-veterinarians
#8
D Gardner, W Rasmussen
AIM: To examine the relationships between workplace bullying, destructive leadership and team conflict, and physical health, strain, self-reported performance and intentions to quit among veterinarians in New Zealand, and how these relationships could be moderated by psychological capital and perceived organisational support. METHODS: Data were collected by means of an online survey, distributed to members of the New Zealand Veterinary Association. Participation was voluntary and all responses were anonymous and confidential...
October 23, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032390/psychosocial-work-environment-and-mental-health-related-long-term-sickness-absence-among-nurses
#9
Corné A M Roelen, Marieke F A van Hoffen, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Jos W R Twisk, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Ståle Pallesen
PURPOSE: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. METHODS: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up...
October 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026930/-burnout-a%C3%A2-call-for-action
#10
REVIEW
C S Hartog
BACKGROUND: Burnout is an emerging topic and has recently been the subject of a position paper of the US American Society of Critical Care Medicine. OBJECTIVES: To give an overview over prevalence, causes, and relevance of burnout in intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians and point to potential prevention strategies MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Burnout is a job-related state which results from long-lasting, permanent work overload when short spells of recreation, for instance during the weekend, are not effective to reduce exhaustion, vegetative symptoms, loss of efficiency, and depersonalization...
October 12, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018824/leadership-and-bullying-in-the-forestry-organization-of-turkey
#11
Mahmut M Bayramoğlu, Devlet Toksoy
It is observed that the importance of executive-employee relationships is continuously increasing in today's professional life in addition to the importance of leadership types of managers along with the efficiency of employees as well as the sufficiency of these people in their social relations. Communication of employees with one another and with their manager, along with their social relations, is among the most important factors that sustain an organization. Bullying is a kind of psychological terror that takes place in the form of repeated attacks among workers, as well as by the manager on the employees, aiming to instill stress, job dissatisfaction, and exhaustion on the employees...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981497/slavery-in-new-zealand-what-is-the-role-of-the-health-sector
#12
Paula King, Alison Blaiklock, Christina Stringer, Jay Amaranathan, Margot McLean
Contemporary forms of slavery and associated adverse health effects are a serious, complex and often neglected issue within the New Zealand health sector. Slavery in New Zealand has most recently been associated with the fishing and horticulture industries. However, victims may be found in a number of other industry sectors, including the health and aged-care sectors, or outside of the labour market such as in forced, early (underage) and servile forms of marriage. Victims of slavery are at increased risk of acute and chronic health problems, injuries from dangerous working and living conditions, and physical and sexual abuse...
October 6, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963278/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-goactive-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-among-adolescents-aged-13-14-years
#13
Helen Elizabeth Brown, Fiona Whittle, Stephanie T Jong, Caroline Croxson, Stephen J Sharp, Paul Wilkinson, Edward Cf Wilson, Esther Mf van Sluijs, Anna Vignoles, Kirsten Corder
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent physical activity promotion is rarely effective, despite adolescence being critical for preventing physical activity decline. Low adolescent physical activity is likely to last into adulthood, increasing health risks. The Get Others Active (GoActive) intervention is evidence-based and was developed iteratively with adolescents and teachers. This intervention aims to increase physical activity through increased peer support, self-efficacy, group cohesion, self-esteem and friendship quality, and is implemented using a tiered-leadership system...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952873/understanding-physical-activity-motivation-and-behaviour-through-self-determination-and-servant-leadership-theories-in-a-feasibility-study
#14
Samantha M Gray, Joan Wharf Higgins, Ryan E Rhodes
Despite its well-established benefits, physical activity (PA) engagement is low in the adult population; evidence suggests that this is especially a concern for women > 60 years. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore the feasibility of a six-week randomized control trial of Self-Determination Theory-based dance and walking programs for older women. Primary outcomes were feasibility measures: recruitment, retention, and satisfaction. Secondary outcomes included self-reported PA, behavioural regulations, and psychological needs...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945731/distress-fatigue-and-sexuality-understanding-and-treating-concerns-and-symptoms-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-%C3%A2
#15
Donna Catamero, Kimberly Noonan, Tiffany Richards, Beth Faiman, Cindy Manchulenko, Hollie Devine, Page Bertolotti, Charise Gleason
BACKGROUND: The psychological needs of patients and caregivers may be inadvertently overlooked, contributing to the patient's distress and possibly compromising outcomes. Untreated, these psychological needs may impair the patient's ability to make decisions and adhere to treatment. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to present consensus statements to guide oncology nurses in the recognition and management of distress, fatigue, and sexual dysfunction in patients with multiple myeloma (MM)...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936121/a-mixed-method-study-of-an-education-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-restraint-and-implement-person-centered-dementia-care-in-nursing-homes
#16
Frode F Jacobsen, Tone Elin Mekki, Oddvar Førland, Bjarte Folkestad, Øyvind Kirkevold, Randi Skår, Eva Marie Tveit, Christine Øye
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in nursing homes are most likely to be restrained. The primary aim of this mixed-method education intervention study was to investigate which factors hindered or facilitated staff awareness related to confidence building initiatives based on person-centred care, as an alternative to restraint in residents with dementia in nursing homes. The education intervention, consisting of a two-day seminar and monthly coaching sessions for six months, targeted nursing staff in 24 nursing homes in Western Norway...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#17
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898163/incorporating-interpersonal-skills-into-otolaryngology-resident-selection-and-training
#18
Yemeng Lu-Myers, Christopher G Myers
Increasing attention has been paid to the selection of otolaryngology residents, a highly competitive process but one with room for improvement. A recent commentary in this journal recommended that residency programs more thoroughly incorporate theory and evidence from personnel psychology (part of the broader field of organizational science) in the resident selection process. However, the focus of this recommendation was limited to applicants' cognitive abilities and independent work-oriented traits (eg, conscientiousness)...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882257/safety-climate-and-firefighting-focus-group-results
#20
David M DeJoy, Todd D Smith, Mari-Amanda Dyal
BACKGROUND: Firefighting is a hazardous occupation and there have been numerous calls for fundamental changes in how fire service organizations approach safety and balance safety with other operational priorities. These calls, however, have yielded little systematic research. METHODS: As part of a larger project to develop and test a model of safety climate for the fire service, focus groups were used to identify potentially important dimensions of safety climate pertinent to firefighting...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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