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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765417/prevention-of-falls-in-hospital
#1
Rob Morris, Shelagh O'Riordan
Falls among inpatients are the most frequently reported safety incident in NHS hospitals. 30-50% of falls result in some physical injury and fractures occur in 1-3%. No fall is harmless, with psychological sequelae leading to lost confidence, delays in functional recovery and prolonged hospitalisation. Yet falls are not true accidents and there is evidence that a coordinated multidisciplinary clinical team approach can reduce their incidence. Identification of multiple underlying risk factors coupled with clear interventions to ameliorate the impact of each has been shown to reduce the incidence of inpatient falls by 20-30%...
July 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760685/-leadership-and-management-courses-for-clinicians
#2
Daniel Wichelhaus, Peter Fischer
AIM: The study evaluates the benefit of Leadership and Management Courses for clinicians. We want to examine which specific leadership and management contents are beneficial for a clinicians daily work, and if these contents support their individual career. METHOD: All 543 medical doctors working ant the University Hospital at Hanover, Germany, who had taken part in a leadership and management course between June 2005 and June 2015 were invited via email to participate in this study...
July 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760615/benevolent-personification-of-the-moh-increases-compliance-with-an-emergency-polio-vaccination
#3
Golan Shahar, Gal Noyman-Veksler, Shai Itamar, David Greenberg, Itamar Grotto
OBJECTIVE: Parental compliance is crucial to the success of mass vaccination campaigns targeting children. Relying on psychological/neuroscientific research concerning the role of personification (i.e., viewing the inanimate as human) in behavior, the authors examined the effect of parents' personification of the Israeli Ministry of Health (MoH) on compliance with a publicly controversial mass vaccination campaign, which was aimed at stopping the spread of a wild poliovirus. METHODS: Participants were 555 parents of children aged 9 or younger, residing in the center/north of Israel, an area covered by Phase 2 of the campaign...
July 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754536/the-impact-of-positive-and-negative-intraoperative-surgeons-leadership-behaviors-on-surgical-team-performance
#4
Julian Barling, Amy Akers, Darren Beiko
BACKGROUND: The effects of surgeons' leadership on team performance are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the simultaneous effects of transformational, passive, abusive supervision and over-controlling leadership behaviors by surgeons on surgical team performance. METHODS: Trained observers attended 150 randomly selected operations at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Observers recorded instances of the four leadership behaviors enacted by the surgeon...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746007/learning-and-doing-working-with-fromm-and-applying-what-i-learned
#5
Michael Maccoby
From 1960 to 1970 Erich Fromm was my teacher, analyst, and colleague. For the next ten years, we regularly corresponded about our work and views of public policy. As my analyst, Fromm had strengths and weaknesses. He influenced my research and practice on leadership and on transforming organizations to further both productivity and human development. His concepts can help us understand the current global political and cultural crisis that, while rooted in profound historic social, economic, and technological change, calls for depth psychological insights...
August 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744235/big-hitters-important-factors-characterizing-team-effectiveness-in-professional-cricket
#6
Leonie V Webster, James Hardy, Lew Hardy
While organizational psychology attests to the multidimensional nature of team effectiveness, insight regarding the most important factors contributing to the effectiveness of sports teams, especially elite teams, is lacking. An abductive method of qualitative enquiry was adopted to capture participants' construal of team effectiveness, drawing on the extant literature in both sport and organizational psychology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 players, coaches, and psychologists involved in elite cricket, with resultant data analyzed inductively initially, before being reanalyzed deductively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#7
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714218/empowerment-and-performance-of-managers-and-subordinates-in-elderly-care-a-longitudinal-and-multilevel-study
#8
Heidi Hagerman, Hans Högberg, Bernice Skytt, Barbro Wadensten, Maria Engström
AIM: To investigate relationships between first-line managers' ratings of structural and psychological empowerment, and the subordinates' ratings of structural empowerment, as well as their ratings of the managers' leadership-management performance. BACKGROUND: Work situations in elderly care are complex. To date, few studies have used a longitudinal, correlational and multilevel design to study the working life of subordinates and managers. METHOD: In five Swedish municipalities, questionnaires were answered twice during 2010-12 by 56 first-line managers and 769 subordinates working in nursing homes or home-help services...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711885/-factors-associated-with-job-satisfaction-of-human-resources-in-healthcare
#9
Тетяна А Вежновець, Валентин Д Парій, Іван І Вишнивецький, Максим В Москаленко
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare employee satisfaction is an important criterion for the efficiency of human resource management and prognostic impact factor for high turnover of staff. Furthermore, job satisfaction positively affects patient satisfaction, which is an important indicator for quality of care. AIM: The goal of our study was to identify factors associated with job satisfaction in healthcare organizations in Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted sociological and psychological survey of 190 healthcare professionals (81% response rate) in Kherson City Hospital...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692361/learning-from-error-leading-a-culture-of-safety
#10
Russell Gibson, Alexander Armstrong, Alex Till, Judy McKimm
A recent shift towards more collective leadership in the NHS can help to achieve a culture of safety, particularly through encouraging frontline staff to participate and take responsibility for improving safety through learning from error and near misses. Leaders must ensure that they provide psychological safety, organizational fairness and learning systems for staff to feel confident in raising concerns, that they have the autonomy and skills to lead continual improvement, and that they have responsibility for spreading this learning within and across organizations...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667572/the-role-of-practice-research-networks-prn-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-evidence-the-northern-improving-access-to-psychological-therapies-prn-case-study
#11
Mike Lucock, Michael Barkham, Gillian Donohoe, Stephen Kellett, Dean McMillan, Sarah Mullaney, Andrew Sainty, David Saxon, Richard Thwaites, Jaime Delgadillo
Practice research networks (PRNs) can support the implementation of evidence based practice in routine services and generate practice based evidence. This paper describes the structure, processes and learning from a new PRN in the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme in England, in relation to an implementation framework and using one study as a case example. Challenges related to: ethics and governance processes; communications with multiple stakeholders; competing time pressures and linking outcome data...
July 1, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662154/how-minimal-executive-feedback-influences-creative-idea-generation
#12
Hicham Ezzat, Anaëlle Camarda, Mathieu Cassotti, Marine Agogué, Olivier Houdé, Benoît Weil, Pascal Le Masson
The fixation effect is known as one of the most dominant of the cognitive biases against creativity and limits individuals' creative capacities in contexts of idea generation. Numerous techniques and tools have been established to help overcome these cognitive biases in various disciplines ranging from neuroscience to design sciences. Several works in the developmental cognitive sciences have discussed the importance of inhibitory control and have argued that individuals must first inhibit the spontaneous ideas that come to their mind so that they can generate creative solutions to problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658267/impact-of-a-hybrid-tgfu-sport-education-unit-on-student-motivation-in-physical-education
#13
Alexander Gil-Arias, Stephen Harvey, Adrián Cárceles, Alba Práxedes, Fernando Del Villar
The Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Sport Education (SE) pedagogical models share several objectives and pedagogical processes. Despite this seemingly uncanny relationship, few studies have examined the efficacy of a hybrid TGfU/SE pedagogical model, particularly how a teacher's utilization of such a model impacts on student motivation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect a hybrid TGfU/SE unit, in comparison to direct instruction, on students' perceptions of various aspects of their motivation to engage in physical education (autonomous motivation, basic psychological needs, enjoyment and intention to be physically active)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648148/debt-counselling-for-depression-in-primary-care-an-adaptive-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-decoder-study
#14
Mark B Gabbay, Adele Ring, Richard Byng, Pippa Anderson, Rod S Taylor, Caryn Matthews, Tirril Harris, Vashti Berry, Paula Byrne, Elliot Carter, Pam Clarke, Laura Cocking, Suzanne Edwards, Richard Emsley, Mauro Fornasiero, Lucy Frith, Shaun Harris, Peter Huxley, Siw Jones, Peter Kinderman, Michael King, Liv Kosnes, Daniel Marshall, Dave Mercer, Carl May, Debbie Nolan, Ceri Phillips, Tim Rawcliffe, Alexandra V Sardani, Elizabeth Shaw, Sam Thompson, Jane Vickery, Brian Wainman, Mark Warner
BACKGROUND: Depression and debt are common in the UK. Debt Counselling for Depression in Primary Care: an adaptive randomised controlled pilot trial (DeCoDer) aimed to assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the addition of a primary care debt counselling advice service to usual care for patients with depression and debt. However, the study was terminated early during the internal pilot trial phase because of recruitment delays. This report describes the rationale, methods and findings of the pilot study, and implications for future research...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607061/when-the-appeal-of-a-dominant-leader-is-greater-than-a-prestige-leader
#15
Hemant Kakkar, Niro Sivanathan
Across the globe we witness the rise of populist authoritarian leaders who are overbearing in their narrative, aggressive in behavior, and often exhibit questionable moral character. Drawing on evolutionary theory of leadership emergence, in which dominance and prestige are seen as dual routes to leadership, we provide a situational and psychological account for when and why dominant leaders are preferred over other respected and admired candidates. We test our hypothesis using three studies, encompassing more than 140,000 participants, across 69 countries and spanning the past two decades...
June 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569400/conducting-research-in-clinical-psychology-practice-barriers-facilitators-and-recommendations
#16
Kirsten V Smith, Graham R Thew
OBJECTIVES: The combination of clinical psychologists' therapeutic expertise and research training means that they are in an ideal position to be conducting high-quality research projects. However, despite these skills and the documented benefits of research to services and service users, research activity in practice remains low. This article aims to give an overview of the advantages of, and difficulties in conducting research in clinical practice. METHOD: We reviewed the relevant literature on barriers to research and reflected on our clinical and research experiences in a range of contexts to offer practical recommendations...
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#17
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536550/the-relationship-between-authoritarian-leadership-and-employees-deviant-workplace-behaviors-the-mediating-effects-of-psychological-contract-violation-and-organizational-cynicism
#18
Hongyan Jiang, Yang Chen, Peizhen Sun, Jun Yang
This study investigated the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' deviant workplace behaviors (DWB), as well as the mediating effects of psychological contract violation and organizational cynicism. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 391 manufacturing workers in a northern city of China. Structural equation modeling was performed to test the theory-driven models. The results showed that the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' DWB was mediated by organizational cynicism...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523452/training-for-leadership-roles-in-academic-medicine-opportunities-for-psychologists-in-the-aamc-lead-program
#19
Donna LaPaglia, Britta Thompson, Janet Hafler, Sheila Chauvin
Psychologists' roles within academic medicine have expanded well beyond research and scholarship. They are active as providers of patient care, medical education, and clinical supervision. Although the number of psychologists in academic health centers continues to grow, they represent a small portion of total medical school faculties. However, with the movement toward collaborative care models, emphasis on interprofessional teams, and increased emphasis on psychological science topics in medical curricula, psychologists are well-positioned to make further contributions...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#20
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
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