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Predictors of pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776852/indications-for-mars-mri-in-patients-treated-with-articular-surface-replacement-xl-total-hip-arthroplasty
#1
James W Connelly, Vincent P Galea, Inari Laaksonen, Sean J Matuszak, Rami Madanat, Orhun Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify which patient and clinical factors are predictive of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) and to use these factors to create a highly sensitive algorithm for indicating metal artifact reduction sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MARS-MRI) in Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) XL total hip arthroplasty patients. Our secondary aim was to compare our algorithm to existing national guidelines on when to take MARS-MRI in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty patients...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774668/varicocele-and-testicular-pain-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Sunghyun Paick, Woo Suk Choi
Varicocele is the dilatation of the scrotal portion of pampiniform plexus and the internal spermatic venous system. About 15% of men suffer from scrotal varicocele and 2% to 10% of them complain of pain. The probable mechanisms for pain include compression of the surrounding neural fibers by the dilated venous complex, elevated testicular temperature, increased venous pressure, hypoxia, oxidative stress, hormonal imbalances, and the reflux of toxic metabolites of adrenal or renal origin. Testicular pain associated with varicoceles is typically described as a dull, aching, or throbbing pain in the testicle, scrotum, or groin; rarely, it can be acute, sharp, or stabbing...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771712/regression-the-apple-does-not-fall-far-from-the-tree
#3
Thomas R Vetter, Patrick Schober
Researchers and clinicians are frequently interested in either: (1) assessing whether there is a relationship or association between 2 or more variables and quantifying this association; or (2) determining whether 1 or more variables can predict another variable. The strength of such an association is mainly described by the correlation. However, regression analysis and regression models can be used not only to identify whether there is a significant relationship or association between variables but also to generate estimations of such a predictive relationship between variables...
May 15, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770528/pain-one-week-after-an-ed-visit-for-acute-low-back-pain-is-associated-with-poor-three-month-outcomes
#4
Benjamin W Friedman, John Conway, Caron Campbell, Polly E Bijur, E John Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is responsible for more than 2.5 million visits to US emergency departments (EDs) annually. Nearly 30% of patients who present to an ED with acute LBP report functional impairment or pain three months later. These patients are at risk of chronic LBP, a highly debilitating condition. In this study, we assessed whether three variables assessable shortly after symptom onset could independently predict poor three-month outcomes among LBP patients who present to an ED...
May 16, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769455/tenascin-c-a-potential-biomarker-for-predicting-the-severity-of-coronary-atherosclerosis
#5
Wen Gao, Jian Li, Huanchun Ni, Haiming Shi, Zhiyong Qi, Shouguo Zhu, Chuanming Hao, Qionghong Xie, Xinping Luo, Kun Xie
AIMS: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide and one of the greatest threats to public health. Tenascin C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that is found in low concentrations in normal tissues and is enhanced by a range of cardiovascular pathologies. This study aimed to evaluate the value of TNC in assessing the severity of atherosclerosis measured by the Gensini score. METHODS: A total of 157 patients with chest pains who underwent selective coronary angiography for suspected coronary atherosclerosis were enrolled...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769121/anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Yafei Cui, Ling Xia, Lin Li, Qian Zhao, Shengnan Chen, Zhifeng Gu
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of anxiety and depression is high in people with Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). However, there are currently no known reported studies about anxiety/depression in pSS patients from China. Our aim was to compare anxiety/depression in pSS patients and healthy controls; to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and/or depression among pSS patients in China; to evaluate its relationship with the disease activity, fatigue, pain, education, ocular surface disease, oral health, swallowing disorders, employment status, European League Against Rheumatism Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index(ESSPRI) as well as to analyze potential determinants of anxiety and depression...
May 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769111/predictors-of-back-disorder-among-almeda-textile-factory-workers-north-ethiopia
#7
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Asmelash Tekie Demoz, Haimanot Gebrehiwot Moges, Ansha Nega Ahmmed
OBJECTIVES: To guide the development of targeted interventions for the prevention of work-related back pain, this manuscript estimates the prevalence of back pain and its association with a variety of risk factors among Almeda textile factory production works from March to April 2015. An institutional-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Almeda textile factory, North Ethiopia. Randomly selected workers were administered a structured questionnaire about their socio-economic status, lifestyle, working conditions, back pain and selected risk factors...
May 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768664/a-four-year-longitudinal-study-examining-psychache-and-suicide-ideation-in-elevated-risk-undergraduates-a-test-of-shneidman-s-model-of-suicidal-behavior
#8
Vanessa Montemarano, Talia Troister, Christine E Lambert, Ronald R Holden
OBJECTIVES: Using a 4-year follow-up design, this research investigated Shneidman's model of psychache (i.e., intense mental pain/anguish) as the cause of suicide. Operationalizing suicidal manifestations using suicide ideation, we evaluated Shneidman's assertion that psychache is the prominent predictor of suicide ideation and that other suicide-related psychological variables associate with suicide ideation only through psychache. METHOD: Eighty-two undergraduates at elevated suicide risk were assessed at baseline and follow-up with measures of suicide ideation and three psychological predictors: depression, hopelessness, and psychache...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768320/monocyte-chemoattractant-protein-1-as-a-predictor-of-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-patients-receiving-coronary-angiography
#9
Simon A Mahler, Thomas C Register, Robert F Riley, Ralph B D'Agostino, Jason P Stopyra, Chadwick D Miller
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest that monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a promising biomarker for coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA), but human studies have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To determine potential relationships between plasma MCP-1 and CAA in patients with acute chest pain. METHODS: A secondary analysis of 150 patients enrolled in emergency department chest pain risk stratification clinical investigations was conducted...
June 2018: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762737/postnatal-lifestyle-intervention-for-overweight-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Valerie A Holmes, Claire R Draffin, Chris C Patterson, Loraine Francis, Joanne Irwin, Mae McConnell, Brid Farrell, Sarah F Brennan, Oonagh McSorley, Amy C Wotherspoon, Mark Davies, David R McCance
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a 7-fold increased lifetime risk of type 2 diabetes. Excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention are established predictors of long-term obesity. Objective: To determine the impact of a postnatal lifestyle intervention programme for overweight women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (PAIGE). Design: Postnatal overweight women with previous GDM participated in a multi-center randomized controlled trial between June 2013 and December 2014...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757826/physical-activity-levels-predict-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-in-older-adults
#11
Thomas Ohlman, Leah Miller, Keith E Naugle, Kelly M Naugle
Prior research indicates that older adults exhibit a deficient capacity to activate multiple pain inhibitory mechanisms, including pain inhibition after acute exercise termed exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). The influence of physical activity levels and psychological processes on EIH in older adults remains unclear. PURPOSE: This study examined potential psychological and physical activity predictors of the magnitude of EIH following submaximal isometric exercise in healthy older adult men and women...
May 4, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757773/predicting-self-reported-disability-level-by-a-number-of-pain-sites-marked-on-pain-drawing
#12
Mikhail Saltychev, Katri Laimi
To evaluate the connection between the number of pain sites (head and neck, upper extremities, trunk, and lower extremities) marked on pain drawing and general disability level measured by a 12-item WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) score. A cross-sectional survey of 1988 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain was conducted. Analysis of variance with contrasts was performed along with regression analysis. Despite the relatively mild median disability level measured as WHODAS 2.0 total score at 25%, the majority of the participants experienced, in the last month, severe pain with 8...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755928/the-effects-of-social-support-on-strenuous-physical-exercise
#13
Arran Davis, Emma Cohen
In humans, socio-environmental cues play an important role in determining adaptive psychophysiological states and behaviours. In sport and exercise, cues to cohesive groups and close, supportive relationships are ubiquitous, possibly because of their effects on neurobiological mechanisms underlying physical performance. Clinical research has shown that the presence of supportive others can lead to reductions in perceptions of pain, while research from sport and exercise science has shown that pain and physical fatigue occupy ranges on a single spectrum of physical discomfort, which works to regulate outputs during strenuous physical exertion...
2018: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754980/implant-survival-and-patient-reported-outcomes-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-young-patients
#14
Ishaan Swarup, Yuo-Yu Lee, Yu-Fen Chiu, Ryan Sutherland, Marisa Shields, Mark P Figgie
BACKGROUND: Younger patients are undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) for various conditions that affect the hip joint. This study evaluates the implant survival and long-term patient-reported outcomes of THA in patients aged 35 years or younger. METHODS: Data were collected through a retrospective chart review, and follow-up surveys were conducted to determine implant survival and patient-reported outcomes. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to evaluate implant survival, and the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS) was used to describe patient-reported outcomes...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754398/development-and-course-of-chronic-pain-over-four-years-in-the-general-population-the-hunt-pain-study
#15
Tormod Landmark, Ola Dale, Pål Romundstad, Astrid Woodhouse, Stein Kaasa, Petter C Borchgrevink
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies of chronic pain frequently report high prevalence estimates. However, there is little information about the development and natural course of chronic pain. METHODS: We followed a random sample of participants from a population-based study (HUNT 3) with annual measures over four years. RESULTS: Among those without chronic pain at baseline, the probability of developing moderate to severe chronic pain (cumulative incidence) during the first year was 5%, a pain status that was maintained among 38% at the second follow-up...
May 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753802/prevalence-and-predictors-of-sexual-problems-among-midlife-canadian-adults-results-from-a-national-survey
#16
Christopher Quinn-Nilas, Robin R Milhausen, Alexander McKay, Stephen Holzapfel
BACKGROUND: Sexual problems are common among midlife men and women, and studies have identified a range of demographic, health, and relational correlates. Research on prevalence of these sexual problems within Canada is sparse and is warranted given the unique context related to provision of health care services in contrast to other countries. AIM: We investigated sexual problems (women's low desire, orgasm difficulties, and vaginal pain, as well as men's low desire, erection difficulties, and ejaculation difficulties) and their correlates among a large sample of Canadian men and women aged 40-59 years...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751110/electroencephalographic-predictors-of-neuropathic-pain-in-subacute-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Aleksandra Vuckovic, Mohammed Jajrees, Mariel Purcell, Helen Berry, Matthew Fraser
It is widely believed that cortical changes are a consequence of long standing neuropathic pain (NP). In this paper we demonstrate that NP in people with subacute spinal cord injury (SCI) has characteristic electroencephalographic (EEG) markers which precede the onset of pain. EEG was recorded in a relaxed state and during motor imagination tasks in 10 able bodied participants and 31 subacute SCI participants (11 with NP, 10 without NP and 10 who developed pain within 6 months of EEG recording). All 20 SCI participants initially without NP were tested for mechanically induced allodynia but only one person, who later developed pain, reported an unpleasant sensation...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750755/predicting-factors-at-skeletal-maturity-for-curve-progression-and-low-back-pain-in-adult-patients-treated-non-operatively-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-with-thoracolumbar-lumbar-curves-a-mean-25-year-follow-up
#18
Masayuki Ohashi, Kei Watanabe, Toru Hirano, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Keiichi Katsumi, Hirokazu Shoji, Mizouchi Tatsuki, Naoto Endo
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, long-term follow-up study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the predicting factors at skeletal maturity for future curve progression and low back pain (LBP) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: TL/L curves are likely to progress after skeletal maturity and cause LBP. METHODS: Of 147 patients treated non-operatively for AIS with TL/L curve, 56 (55 females; average age at the time of survey, 39...
May 10, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750052/placebo-response-in-neuropathic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#19
Catherine R Jutzeler, Freda M Warner, Jacquelyn J Cragg, Jenny Haefeli, J Scott Richards, Sven R Andresen, Nanna B Finnerup, Catherine Mercier, John Lk Kramer
Background: Understanding factors associated with high placebo responses in clinical trials increases the likelihood of detecting a meaningful treatment effect. The aim of the present study was to identify subject-level factors that contribute to placebo variability in patients with neuropathic pain due to spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: Multiple regression analysis of patient data from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials (duration >4 weeks) involving individuals with SCI was performed...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750020/prediction-models-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-different-neck-pain-conditions-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Hector Beltran-Alacreu, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, César Calvo-Lobo, Roy La Touche, Roberto Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Alfonso Gil-Martínez, David Fernández-Ayuso, Josué Fernández-Carnero
Purpose: The main aim of the study was to predict the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) based on physical, functional, and psychological measures in patients with different types of neck pain (NP). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 202 patients from a primary health center and the physiotherapy outpatient department of a hospital. Patients were divided into four groups according to their NP characteristics: chronic (CNP), acute whiplash (WHIP), chronic NP associated with temporomandibular dysfunction (NP-TMD), or chronic NP associated with chronic primary headache (NP-PH)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
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