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Sports massage

Marco Gervasi, Davide Sisti, Piero Benelli, Eneko Fernández-Peña, Cinzia Calcabrini, Marco B L Rocchi, Luigi Lanata, Michela Bagnasco, Andrea Tonti, Stocchi Vilberto, Piero Sestili
In professional road cyclists, the majority of overuse injuries affect the lower limbs and are mostly represented by contractures or muscle shortening, characterized by an increase of tone and stiffness and a variation of elasticity. Treatment and prevention of these specific conditions may include physical, supplementary, and pharmacologic support. The aim of this real-life study was to determine: first, the alterations of tone, stiffness, elasticity, and soreness of rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF) in top class cyclists engaged in 3 multistage races, and second, whether any variable in the management of the athletes may affect the prevention and/or reduction of such alterations...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zachary K Winkelmann, Ethan J Roberts, Kenneth E Games
CONTEXT: Hamstring inflexibility is typically treated using therapeutic massage, stretching, and soft tissue mobilization. An alternative intervention is deep oscillation therapy (DOT). Currently, there is a lack of evidence to support DOT's effectiveness to improve flexibility. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of DOT to improve hamstring flexibility. DESIGN: Randomized single-cohort. SETTING: Research laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Erik A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT:   Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
David Spitaels, Rosella Hermens, Dieter Van Assche, Sabine Verschueren, Frank Luyten, Patrik Vankrunkelsven
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common musculoskeletal condition that often leads to pain, stiffness and disability. Physiotherapy plays an important role in the management of knee OA, however we hypothesize discordance between physiotherapists' practice and existing guideline recommendations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure physiotherapists' guideline adherence for knee OA. Additionally, determinants for guideline adherence at the professional and organizational level were explored, to find clues for improvement...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Jozo Grgic, Pavle Mikulic
Grgic, J and Mikulic, P. Tapering practices of Croatian open-class powerlifting champions. J Strength Cond Res 31(9): 2371-2378, 2017-The aim of this study was to explore tapering practices among 10 Croatian open-class powerlifting champions (mean ± SD: age 29.2 ± 3.2 years; Wilks coefficient 355.1 ± 54.8). The athletes were interviewed about their tapering practices using a semi-structured interview after which the audio content was transcribed. The athletes reported decreasing training volume during the taper by 50...
September 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
C Thielscher, E Hahn, M Klumpp, B Lindenberg, D Matusiewicz
AIM OF THE STUDY: The article examines how big German insurance companies handle back pain in terms of occupational health management (OHM). METHODOLOGY: Narrative interviews with experts from 8 out of the 20 biggest enterprises were conducted. RESULTS: Musculoskeletal diseases are the number one or number two reason for sick leave. All enterprises offer OHM; there is a variety of measures, e. g., sport, massage, advice, ergonomics, healthy food and leadership training...
December 2016: Der Orthopäde
Martin D Hoffman, Natalie Badowski, Joseph Chin, Kristin J Stuempfle
Study Design Randomized controlled trial. Background Postexercise recovery techniques are widely used, but little research has examined their effectiveness. Objectives To examine the effectiveness of massage and pneumatic compression on recovery from a 161-km ultramarathon. Methods Participants in the 2015 161-km Western States Endurance Run were randomized to a 20-minute postrace intervention of massage, intermittent sequential pneumatic compression, or supine rest. Each subject completed two 400-m runs at maximum speed before the race and on days 3 and 5 after the race, and also provided muscle pain and soreness ratings and overall muscular fatigue scores before and for 7 days after the race...
May 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Katy L de Valle, Zoe E Davidson, Rachel A Kennedy, Monique M Ryan, Kate M Carroll
PURPOSE: To record the use and perceived benefits of mainstream allied health services, complementary therapies, nutritional supplements and structured physical activity in a paediatric population of males with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to 125 parents of males with a dystrophinopathy within a tertiary neuromuscular clinic population in Melbourne, Australia. RESULTS: Response rate to the survey was 41%...
2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
M Terry Loghmani, Amy J Bayliss, Greg Clayton, Evelina Gundeck
Finger injuries are common and can greatly affect a musician's quality of life. A 55-year-old man, who had injured the proximal interphalangeal joint of the left index finger 6 months prior to any intervention, was treated with a manual therapy approach incorporating instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM). Initial examination findings included self-reported pain and functional limitations and physical impairments that significantly impeded his ability to play the acoustic guitar. He was treated once a week for 6 weeks with IASTM, joint mobilization, therapeutic exercise, and ice massage...
December 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Joanna Sobiecka, Wojciech Gawroński, Marta Kądziołka, Paweł Kruszelnicki, Jadwiga Kłodecka-Różalska, Ryszard Plinta
The quality of training conditions affects sporting success, injuries and health. The aim of the work was to present the conditions during the preparations of Polish athletes for the Summer Paralympic Games 2004-2012. The study encompassed 271 paralympians: Athens (91), Beijing (89) and London (91), competing in 13 disciplines. The research was based on a two-part questionnaire by Kłodecka-Różalska adjusted for disabled sports, and was conducted one month before each PG. Part 1 contained 20 closed-ended questions regarding conditions during preparations, while Part 2 concerned socio-demographic and sports-related data...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
Wojciech Gawroński, Joanna Sobiecka
Medical care in disabled sports is crucial both as prophylaxis and as ongoing medical intervention. The aim of this paper was to present changes in the quality of medical care over the consecutive Paralympic Games (PG). The study encompassed 31 paralympians: Turin (11), Vancouver (12), and Sochi (8) competing in cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, biathlon and snowboarding. The first, questionnaire-based, part of the study was conducted in Poland before the PG. The athletes assessed the quality of care provided by physicians, physiologists, dieticians, and physiotherapists, as well as their cooperation with the massage therapist and the psychologist...
November 22, 2015: Journal of Human Kinetics
Jacob A Siedlik, Charles Bergeron, Michael Cooper, Russell Emmons, William Moreau, Dustin Nabhan, Philip Gallagher, John P Vardiman
CONTEXT: Analysis of injury and illness data collected at large international competitions provides the US Olympic Committee and the national governing bodies for each sport with information to best prepare for future competitions. Research in which authors have evaluated medical contacts to provide the expected level of medical care and sports medicine services at international competitions is limited. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the medical-contact data for athletes, staff, and coaches who participated in the 2011 Pan American Games in Guadalajara, Mexico, using unsupervised modeling techniques to identify underlying treatment patterns...
January 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Ann B Kennedy, Jennifer L Trilk
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that para-athletes are injured more often than able-bodied athletes. The benefits of massage therapy for these disabled athletes are yet to be explored. This paper documents the process followed for creating a massage program for elite paracycling athletes with the goal to assess effects on recovery, rest, performance, and quality of life both on and off the bike. SETTING: Massage therapists' private practices throughout the United States...
September 2015: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Mehdi Kargarfard, Eddie T C Lam, Ardalan Shariat, Ina Shaw, Brandon S Shaw, Shamsul B M Tamrin
It is believed that sport massage after intensive exercise might improve power and perceptual recovery in athletes. However, few studies have been done in this area. This study aimed to examine the effect of massage on the performance of bodybuilders. Thirty experienced male bodybuilders were randomly assigned to either a massage group (n = 15) or a control group (n = 15). Both groups performed five repetition sets at 75-77% of 1RM of knee extensor and flexor muscle groups. The massage group then received a 30-min massage after the exercise protocol while the control group maintained their normal passive recovery...
2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Wei-Ting Wu, Chang-Zern Hong, Li-Wei Chou
Many people continue suffering from myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) defined as a regional pain syndrome characterized by muscle pain caused by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) clinically. Muscle spasm and block of blood circulation can be noticed in the taut bands. In the MTrP region, nociceptors can be sensitized by the peripheral inflammatory factors and contracture of fascia can also be induced. Traditional treatments of MPS include stretching therapy, thermal treatment, electrical stimulation, massage, manipulation, trigger points injection, acupuncture, and medicine...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Brandon Behara, Bert H Jacobson
Behara, B and Jacobson, BH. Acute effects of deep tissue foam rolling and dynamic stretching on muscular strength, power, and flexibility in Division I linemen. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 888-892, 2017-A recent strategy to increase sports performance is a self-massage technique called myofascial release using foam rollers. Myofascial restrictions are believed to be brought on by injuries, muscle imbalances, overrecruitment, and/or inflammation, all of which can decrease sports performance. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of a single-bout of lower extremity self-myofascial release using a custom deep tissue roller (DTR) and a dynamic stretch protocol...
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Sylvia L Burns
BACKGROUND: Concussion, its recognition, diagnosis, and treatment is a growing public health issue. Massage practitioners who specialize in rehabilitation deal with a variety of injury cases that involve concussion, including those incurred by falls, motor vehicle incidents, and sports injuries. PURPOSE: This case study presents a unique massage therapy approach to concussion trauma treatment. PARTICIPANT: Male 23-year-old intramural soccer player diagnosed with postconcussion syndrome resulting from a fall...
June 2015: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Yi-Ping Chang, Hongsen Chiang, Kao-Shang Shih, Hsiao-Li Ma, Leou-Chyr Lin, Wei-Li Hsu, Yung-Cheng Huang, Hsing-Kuo Wang
STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. OBJECTIVES: To measure Achilles tendon microcirculation (total hemoglobin [THb] and oxygen saturation [StO2]) before and after the application of a physical agent in asymptomatic participants, and to compare differences between application location and physical agent dosage. BACKGROUND: Tendon microcirculation can be altered by superficial heating or cryotherapy. METHODS: Fifty-one healthy adults (median age, 22 years; range, 20-34 years) were recruited and randomly assigned into 1 of 4 groups...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Andrew R Peterson, M Kyle Smoot, Jacob L Erickson, Ross E Mathiasen, Kevin C Kregel, Mederic Hall
This review summarizes the evidence base for using compression, massage, caloric replacement, cold, and heat as exercise recovery aids in sport.
May 2015: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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