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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444091/risk-factors-for-mortality-in-ventilator-associated-tracheobronchitis-a-case-control-study
#1
Leonilda Giani Pontes, Fernando Gatti de Menezes, Priscila Gonçalves, Alexandra do Rosário Toniolo, Claudia Vallone Silva, Julia Yaeko Kawagoe, Camila Marques Dos Santos, Helena Maria Fernandes Castagna, Marinês Dalla Valle Martino, Luci Corrêa
Objective: To describe the microbiological characteristics and to assess the risk factors for mortality of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis in a case-control study of intensive care patients. Methods: This case-control study was conducted over a 6-year period in a 40-bed medical-surgical intensive care unit in a tertiary care, private hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Case patients were identified using the Nosocomial Infection Control Committee database. For the analysis of risk factors, matched control subjects were selected from the same institution at a 1:8...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443944/the-role-of-thromboelastometry-in-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-coagulopathy-in-liver-transplant-patients
#2
Raffael Pereira Cezar Zamper, Thiago Chaves Amorim, Luiz Guilherme Villares da Costa, Flávio Takaoka, Ary Serpa
Perioperative monitoring of coagulation is vital to assess bleeding risks, diagnose deficiencies associated with hemorrhage, and guide hemostatic therapy in major surgical procedures, such as liver transplantation. Routine static tests demand long turnaround time and do not assess platelet function; they are determined on plasma at a standard temperature of 37°C; hence these tests are ill-suited for intraoperative use. In contrast, methods which evaluate the viscoelastic properties of whole blood, such as thromboelastogram and rotational thromboelastometry, provide rapid qualitative coagulation assessment and appropriate guidance for transfusion therapy...
April 20, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403334/patient-safety-incidents-and-nursing-workload
#3
Katya Cuadros Carlesi, Kátia Grillo Padilha, Maria Cecília Toffoletto, Carlos Henriquez-Roldán, Monica Andrea Canales Juan
Objective: to identify the relationship between the workload of the nursing team and the occurrence of patient safety incidents linked to nursing care in a public hospital in Chile. Method: quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional research through review of medical records. The estimation of workload in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) was performed using the Therapeutic Interventions Scoring System (TISS-28) and for the other services, we used the nurse/patient and nursing assistant/patient ratios...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398408/-uno-studio-sul-processo-di-riconciliazione-terapeutica-del-paziente-in-un-ospedale-oncologico
#4
Frida Gorreja, Vera Damuzzo, Umberto Gallo, Alberto Russi, Francesco Lo Re, Susanna Ciampalini, Lucia Guidotti, Marta Serena, Angelo Claudio Palozzo
Riassunto. Obiettivi. Lo scopo di questo studio è stato valutare l'impatto della riconciliazione terapeutica nella pratica clinica dal punto di vista del farmacista ospedaliero. Metodi. È stata condotta un'indagine riguardante i trattamenti farmacologici assunti dai pazienti al momento dell'ammissione e della dimissione in un ospedale oncologico. Il farmacista ha inserito i dati raccolti in un supporto informatico che, impiegando i criteri di STOPP (Screening Tool of Older Persons' Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions) e il database Micromedex™, utile per valutare le interazioni farmacologiche, ha prodotto automaticamente un report che indicava le possibili incongruenze farmacologiche...
March 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380188/respiratory-manifestations-in-late-onset-pompe-disease-a-case-series-conducted-in-brazil
#5
Bruna de Souza Sixel, Luanda Dias da Silva, Nicolette Celani Cavalcanti, Glória Maria Cardoso de Andrade Penque, Sandra Lisboa, Dafne Dain Gandelman Horovitz, Juan Clinton Llerena
Objective: To describe respiratory function in a series of patients with late-onset Pompe disease after the definitive diagnosis and before enzyme replacement therapy. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving patients with a definitive molecular diagnosis of late-onset Pompe disease. The data analyzed included age at symptom onset; age at definitive diagnosis; type of initial symptoms; time from symptom onset to diagnosis; FVC in the sitting and supine positions; six-minute walk distance; and locomotor ability...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380162/positive-deviance-as-a-strategy-to-prevent-and-control-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care
#6
Francimar Tinoco de Oliveira, Maria Manuela Frederico Ferreira, Silvia Teresa Carvalho de Araújo, Amanda Trindade Teixeira de Bessa, Advi Catarina Barbachan Moraes, Marluci Andrade Conceição Stipp
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of positive deviance as a strategy to prevent and control bloodstream infections. METHOD: An intervention study with nursing and medical team members working in an intensive care unit in a university hospital, between June and December 2014. The four steps of the positive defiance methodology were applied: to define, to determine, to discover and to design. RESULTS: In 90 days, 188 actions were observed, of these, 36...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327875/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#7
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301034/professional-nursing-practice-in-critical-units-assessment-of-work-environment-characteristics
#8
Luiz Felipe Sales Maurício, Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno, Cássia Regina Vancini Campanharo, Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes, Angélica Gonçalves Silva Belasco, Ruth Ester Assayag Batista
Objective: assess the autonomy, control over environment, and organizational support of nurses' work process and the relationships between physicians and nurses in critical care units. Method: cross-sectional study conducted with 162 nurses working in the intensive care units and emergency service of a university hospital. The workers' satisfaction with their work environment was assessed using Brazilian Nursing Work Index - Revised, translated and adapted for the Brazilian culture...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287194/-modifiche-morfo-volumetriche-dopo-trattamento-emdr-in-pazienti-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-affetti-da-dpts
#9
Letizia Bossini, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Ilaria Casolaro, Despoina Koukouna, Claudia Caterini, Federica Cecchini, Valentina Fortini, Giampaolo Vatti, Daniela Marino, Isabel Fernandez, Alessandro Rossi, Andrea Fagiolini
RIASSUNTO. Introduzione. Esistono pochi studi che hanno indagato gli effetti di una psicoterapia ritenuta efficace sulle alterazioni strutturali delle regioni cerebrali associate al disturbo da stress post-traumatico (PTSD). Ci siamo, pertanto, proposti di valutare gli effetti neurobiologici della terapia EMDR su un gruppo di 19 pazienti con PTSD, senza cura farmacologica e senza alcuna comorbidità con altri disturbi psichiatrici, a confronto con un gruppo di controllo costituito da 19 soggetti sani non trattati...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279690/-early-clinical-trials-in-paediatric-oncology-in-spain-a-nationwide-perspective
#10
Francisco Bautista, Soledad Gallego, Adela Cañete, Jaume Mora, Cristina Díaz de Heredia, Ofelia Cruz, José María Fernández, Susana Rives, Pablo Berlanga, Raquel Hladun, Antonio Juan Ribelles, Luis Madero, Manuel Ramírez, Rafael Fernández Delgado, Antonio Pérez-Martínez, Cristina Mata, Anna Llort, Javier Martín Broto, María Elena Cela, Gema Ramírez, Constantino Sábado, Tomás Acha, Itziar Astigarraga, Ana Sastre, Ascensión Muñoz, Mercedes Guibelalde, Lucas Moreno
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is the leading cause of death between the first year of life and adolescence, and some types of diseases are still a major challenge in terms of cure. There is, therefore, a major need for new drugs. Recent findings in cancer biology open the door to the development of targeted therapies against individual molecular changes, as well as immunotherapy. Promising results in adult anti-cancer drug development have not yet been translated into paediatric clinical practice...
March 6, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246502/marketing-research-on-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-antihypertensive-medicines
#11
Anamaria Boboia, Marius Rareş Grigorescu, Adina Turcu-Ştiolică
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The research aimed at investigating sales trends of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors antihypertensive medicines, both in terms of quantity and value, in ten community pharmacies, for a period of three years. The research on the antihypertensive medicines consumption is important for highlighting the ever increasing impact of hypertension among the population. METHODS: The methods used in this research were the following: marketing research, method of sampling, descriptive methods, retrospective analysis, method of comparison...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198968/effects-of-dignity-therapy-on-terminally-ill-patients-a-systematic-review
#12
Suzana Cristina Teixeira Donato, Jéssica Yumi Matuoka, Camila Cristófero Yamashita, Marina de Goés Salvetti
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the evidence of the effects of dignity therapy onterminally ill patients. METHOD: A Systematic review of the literature conducted using the search strategy in six databases. Inclusion criteria were primary studies, excluding literature reviews (systematic or not) and conceptual articles. RESULTS: Ten articles were analyzed regarding method, results and evidence level. Dignity therapy improved the sense of meaning andpurpose, will to live, utility, quality of life, dignity and family appreciationin studies with a higher level of evidence...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198966/computerized-nursing-process-in-the-intensive-care-unit-ergonomics-and-usability
#13
Sônia Regina Wagner de Almeida, Grace Teresinha Marcon Dal Sasso, Daniela Couto Carvalho Barra
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the ergonomics and usability criteria of the Computerized Nursing Process based on the International Classification for Nursing Practice in the Intensive Care Unit according to International Organization for Standardization(ISO). METHOD: A quantitative, quasi-experimental, before-and-after study with a sample of 16 participants performed in an Intensive Care Unit. Data collection was performed through the application of five simulated clinical cases and an evaluation instrument...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198939/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#14
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152196/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relation-between-therapeutic-alliance-and-treatment-outcome-in-eating-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Tiffany A Graves, Nassim Tabri, Heather Thompson-Brenner, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Stephanie Bourion-Bedes, Amy Brown, Michael J Constantino, Christoph Flückiger, Sarah Forsberg, Leanna Isserlin, Jennifer Couturier, Gunilla Paulson Karlsson, Johannes Mander, Martin Teufel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby, Claudia Prestano, Dana A Satir, Susan Simpson, Richard Sly, J Hubert Lacey, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Giorgio A Tasca, Glenn Waller, Shannon L Zaitsoff, Renee Rienecke, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer J Thomas
The therapeutic alliance has demonstrated an association with favorable psychotherapeutic outcomes in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs). However, questions remain about the inter-relationships between early alliance, early symptom improvement, and treatment outcome. We conducted a meta-analysis on the relations among these constructs, and possible moderators of these relations, in psychosocial treatments for EDs. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria and supplied sufficient supplementary data. Results revealed small-to-moderate effect sizes, βs = 0...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099659/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-antihypertensives-among-seniors
#16
Kaio Henrique Correa Massa, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the use of antihypertensives among seniors and the association with socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. METHODS: In this seriate cross-sectional study, we used data from the Saúde, Bem Estar e Envelhecimento study (SABE - Health, Well-being, and Aging), conducted in 2000, 2006, and 2010 in the city of São Paulo. Association between the use of antihypertensives and the demographic, behavioral, and socioeconomic characteristics and risk factors was analyzed by using multilevel logistic regression models...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076607/vascular-access-the-impact-of-ultrasonography
#17
Carlos Eduardo Saldanha de Almeida
Vascular punctures are often necessary in critically ill patients. They are secure, but not free of complications. Ultrasonography enhances safety of the procedure by decreasing puncture attempts, complications and costs. This study reviews important publications and the puncture technique using ultrasound, bringing part of the experience of the intensive care unit of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo (SP), Brazil, and discussing issues that should be considered in future studies. RESUMO Punções vasculares são muitas vezes necessárias em pacientes gravemente enfermos...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067875/factors-predicting-outcome-after-allogeneic-transplant-in-refractory-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-retrospective-analysis-of-gruppo-italiano-trapianto-di-midollo-osseo-gitmo
#18
E Todisco, F Ciceri, C Boschini, F Giglio, A Bacigalupo, F Patriarca, I Donnini, E P Alessandrino, W Arcese, A P Iori, P Marenco, I Cavattoni, P Chiusolo, E Terruzzi, L Castagna, A Santoro, A Bosi, E Oldani, B Bruno, F Bonifazi, A Rambaldi
The clinical outcome of primary refractory (PRF) AML patients is poor and only a minor proportion of patients is rescued by allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The identification of pre-HSCT variables may help to determine PRF AML patients who can most likely benefit from HSCT. We analyzed PRF AML patients transplanted between 1999 and 2012 from a sibling, unrelated donor or a cord blood unit. Overall, 227 patients from 26 Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Midollo Osseo e Terapia cellulare centers were included in the analysis...
January 9, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992025/construction-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-assess-the-use-of-light-technologies-at-intensive-care-units
#19
Pabliane Matias Lordelo Marinho, Maria Pontes de Aguiar Campos, Eliana Ofélia Llapa Rodrigues, Cristiane Franca Lisboa Gois, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto
Objective: to construct and validate a tool to assess the use of light technologies by the nursing team at Intensive Care Units. Method: methodological study in which the tool was elaborated by means of the psychometric method for construction based on the categorization of health technologies by Merhy and Franco, from the National Humanization Policy, using the Nursing Intervention Classification taxonomy to categorize the domains of the tool. Agreement Percentages and Content Validity Indices were used for the purpose of validation...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982406/chinese-phytotherapy-to-reduce-stress-anxiety-and-improve-quality-of-life-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Leonice Fumiko Sato Kurebayashi, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Gisele Kuba, Miki Hoshi Minamizawa Shimizu, Raymond Sehiji Takiguch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Chinese phytotherapyto reduce stress levels, anxiety and improve quality of life. METHOD: double-blind randomized controlled trial with 89 volunteers divided into three groups: control (no intervention), Placebo and Phytotherapy. The study was conducted in 2015 with healthy adults treated at the Integrated and Eastern Therapy Institute,in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Participants were evaluated at baseline and after three weeks with the Stress Symptoms List (SSL), Anxiety Inventory-Trait and State and SF12v2 for quality of life...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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