keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Siglec

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036224/immortalized-porcine-mesenchymal-cells-derived-from-nasal-mucosa-lungs-lymph-nodes-spleen-and-bone-marrow-retain-their-stemness-properties-and-trigger-the-expression-of-siglec-1-in-co-cultured-blood-monocytic-cells
#1
Abubakar Garba, Lowiese M B Desmarets, Delphine D Acar, Bert Devriendt, Hans J Nauwynck
Mesenchymal stromal cells have been isolated from different sources. They are multipotent cells capable of differentiating into many different cell types, including osteocytes, chondrocytes and adipocytes. They possess a therapeutic potential in the management of immune disorders and the repair of damaged tissues. Previous work in our laboratory showed an increase of the percentages of CD172a+, CD14+, CD163+, Siglec-1+, CD4+ and CD8+ hematopoietic cells, when co-cultured with immortalized mesenchymal cells derived from bone marrow...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977405/genome-scale-detection-of-positive-selection-in-nine-primates-predicts-human-virus-evolutionary-conflicts
#2
Robin van der Lee, Laurens Wiel, Teunis J P van Dam, Martijn A Huynen
Hotspots of rapid genome evolution hold clues about human adaptation. We present a comparative analysis of nine whole-genome sequenced primates to identify high-confidence targets of positive selection. We find strong statistical evidence for positive selection in 331 protein-coding genes (3%), pinpointing 934 adaptively evolving codons (0.014%). Our new procedure is stringent and reveals substantial artefacts (20% of initial predictions) that have inflated previous estimates. The final 331 positively selected genes (PSG) are strongly enriched for innate and adaptive immunity, secreted and cell membrane proteins (e...
August 11, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972089/human-cd22-inhibits-murine-b-cell-receptor-activation-in-a-human-cd22-transgenic-mouse-model
#3
Kyle J Bednar, Elena Shanina, Romain Ballet, Edward P Connors, Shiteng Duan, Joana Juan, Britni M Arlian, Michael D Kulis, Eugene C Butcher, Wai-Ping Fung-Leung, Tadimeti S Rao, James C Paulson, Matthew S Macauley
CD22, a sialic acid-binding Ig-type lectin (Siglec) family member, is an inhibitory coreceptor of the BCR with established roles in health and disease. The restricted expression pattern of CD22 on B cells and most B cell lymphomas has made CD22 a therapeutic target for B cell-mediated diseases. Models to better understand how in vivo targeting of CD22 translates to human disease are needed. In this article, we report the development of a transgenic mouse expressing human CD22 (hCD22) in B cells and assess its ability to functionally substitute for murine CD22 (mCD22) for regulation of BCR signaling, Ab responses, homing, and tolerance...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964857/polymorphisms-in-siglec1-contribute-to-susceptibility-to-pulmonary-active-tuberculosis-possibly-through-the-modulation-of-il-1%C3%A3
#4
Dhemerson Souza de Lima, Vinicius C L Nunes, Mauricio M Ogusku, Aya Sadahiro, Alessandra Pontillo, Bruna de Cunha Alencar
Siglec-1/CD169 is a sialoadhesin expressed by macrophages thought to function in cell-to-cell interactions. In the lung, the expression of Siglec-1 is specific for alveolar macrophages and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SIGLEC1 have been recently associated with asthma severity. Taking in account the role of alveolar macrophages in the control of M. tuberculosis and the poor literature about the contribution of SIGLEC1 genetics in M. tuberculosis susceptibility and development of pulmonary active TB, selected SNPs in SIGLEC1 were analysed in a case/control cohort from a TB endemic area of Brazil Amazon...
September 28, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935102/biosynthesis-of-legionaminic-acid-and-its-incorporation-into-glycoconjugates
#5
Ian C Schoenhofen, N Martin Young, Michel Gilbert
Legionaminic acids are analogs of sialic acid that occur in cell surface glycoconjugates of several bacteria. Because legionaminic acids share the same stereochemistry as sialic acid but differ at C7 and C9, they are interesting analogs to probe the impact of varying exocyclic moieties (C7-C9) on biological activities such as susceptibilities to sialidases, interactions with Siglecs and immunogenicity. There are currently no reports on the bacterial enzymes that transfer legionaminic acids to these cell surface glycoconjugates, but some mammalian and bacterial sialyltransferases display donor promiscuity and can use CMP-Leg5,7Ac2 efficiently enough to transfer Leg5,7Ac2 to their natural acceptor glycans...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931816/tgf%C3%AE-r-signalling-controls-cd103-cd11b-dendritic-cell-development-in-the-intestine
#6
C C Bain, J Montgomery, C L Scott, J M Kel, M J H Girard-Madoux, L Martens, T F P Zangerle-Murray, J Ober-Blöbaum, D Lindenbergh-Kortleve, J N Samsom, S Henri, T Lawrence, Y Saeys, B Malissen, M Dalod, B E Clausen, A McI Mowat
CD103(+)CD11b(+) dendritic cells (DCs) are unique to the intestine, but the factors governing their differentiation are unclear. Here we show that transforming growth factor receptor 1 (TGFβR1) has an indispensable, cell intrinsic role in the development of these cells. Deletion of Tgfbr1 results in markedly fewer intestinal CD103(+)CD11b(+) DCs and a reciprocal increase in the CD103(-)CD11b(+) dendritic cell subset. Transcriptional profiling identifies markers that define the CD103(+)CD11b(+) DC lineage, including CD101, TREM1 and Siglec-F, and shows that the absence of CD103(+)CD11b(+) DCs in CD11c-Cre...
September 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923586/genetic-code-asymmetry-supports-diversity-through-experimentation-with-posttranslational-modifications
#7
REVIEW
James W Dennis
Protein N-glycosylation has been identified in all three domains of life presumably conserved for its early role in glycoprotein folding. However, the N-glycans added to proteins in the secretory pathway of multicellular organisms are remodeling in the Golgi, increasing structural diversity exponentially and adding new layers of functionality in immunity, metabolism and other systems. The branching and elongation of N-glycan chains found on cell surface receptors generates a gradation of affinities for carbohydrate-binding proteins, the galectin, selectin and siglec families...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905952/detection-of-membrane-bound-and-soluble-antigens-by-magnetic-levitation
#8
Mikkel Schou Andersen, Emily Howard, Shulin Lu, Matthew Richard, Mark Gregory, Gordon Ogembo, Ofer Mazor, Pavel Gorelik, Nathan I Shapiro, Anish V Sharda, Ionita Ghiran
Magnetic levitation is a technique for measuring the density and the magnetic properties of objects suspended in a paramagnetic field. We describe a novel magnetic levitation-based method that can specifically detect cell membrane-bound and soluble antigens by measurable changes in levitation height that result from the formation of antibody-coated bead and antigen complex. We demonstrate our method's ability to sensitively detect an array of membrane-bound and soluble antigens found in blood, including T-cell antigen CD3, eosinophil antigen Siglec-8, red blood cell antigens CD35 and RhD, red blood cell-bound Epstein-Barr viral particles, and soluble IL-6, and validate the results by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence microscopy performed in parallel...
October 11, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905193/siglec-8-as-mast-cell-selective-target-developing-paradigms-amidst-inconvenient-truths
#9
Gerhard J Molderings
Due to the limited efficacy of current drugs in treating systemic mast cell activation disease, there is an urgent need for more effective drugs selectively acting at mast cells. In the past, a large number of compounds have been claimed to be effective and mast cell selective on the basis of cell culture experiments and studies on blood leukocytes which could not be verified in organ and animal studies. Nevertheless, over time in review papers about potential mast cell targets mast cell selectivity of these targets has been no longer challenged...
September 14, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900239/siglec-5-is-a-novel-marker-of-critical-limb-ischemia-in-patients-with-diabetes
#10
Ju-Yi Li, Xiao-Yan Yang, Xiu-Fang Wang, Xiong Jia, Zhong-Jing Wang, Ai-Ping Deng, Xiang-Li Bai, Lin Zhu, Bing-Hui Li, Zi-Bo Feng, Ye Li, Ling Wang, Si Jin
Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) is common but uncommonly diagnosed. Improved recognition and early diagnostic markers for CLI are needed. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify plasma biomarkers of CLI in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, antibody-coated glass slide arrays were used to determine the plasma levels of 274 human cytokines in four matched cases of diabetes with and without CLI. Potential biomarkers were confirmed in an independent cohort by ELISA. After adjusting for confounding risk factors, only plasma level of Siglec-5 remained significantly associated with an increased odds ratio (OR) for diabetes with CLI by binary logistic regression analysis...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899088/identification-of-siglec-ligands-using-a-proximity-labeling-method
#11
Lanyi Chang, Yi-Ju Chen, Chan-Yo Fan, Chin-Ju Tang, Yi-Hsiu Chen, Penk-Yeir Low, Albert Ventura, Chun-Cheng Lin, Yu-Ju Chen, Takashi Angata
Siglecs are a family of receptor-type glycan recognition proteins (lectins) involved in self-nonself discrimination by the immune system. Identification of Siglec ligands is necessary to understand how Siglec-ligand interaction translates into biological outcomes. However, this is challenging because the interaction is weak. To facilitate identification of Siglec ligands, we adopted a proximity labeling method based on the tyramide radicalization principle. Cells that express Siglec ligands were labeled with Siglec-peroxidase complexes and incubated with biotin tyramide and hydrogen peroxide to generate short-lived tyramide radicals that covalently label the proteins near the Siglec-peroxidase complex...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888781/sialic-acid-binding-immunoglobulin-like-lectin-8-siglec-8-is-an-activating-receptor-mediating-%C3%AE-2-integrin-dependent-function-in-human-eosinophils
#12
Daniela J Carroll, Jeremy A O'Sullivan, David B Nix, Yun Cao, Michael Tiemeyer, Bruce S Bochner
BACKGROUND: Siglec-8 is a CD33 subfamily cell-surface receptor selectively expressed on human eosinophils. After cytokine priming, Siglec-8 mAb or glycan ligand binding causes eosinophil apoptosis associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Most CD33-related Siglecs function as inhibitory receptors, but the ability of Siglec-8 to stimulate eosinophil ROS production and apoptosis suggests that Siglec-8 might instead function as an activating receptor. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role of IL-5 priming and identify the signaling molecules involved in Siglec-8 function for human eosinophils...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860481/increased-expression-of-siglec-9-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#13
Zhilin Zeng, Miao Li, Meijia Wang, Xiaomei Wu, Qinghai Li, Qin Ning, Jianping Zhao, Yongjian Xu, Jungang Xie
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common inflammatory lung disease. Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins 9 (Siglec-9) is predominantly expressed on innate immune cells and has been shown to exert regulatory effect on immune cells through glycan recognition. Soluble Siglec-9 (sSiglec-9), the extracellular region of Siglec-9, might fulfill its function partly by competitive inhibiting siglec-9 binding to its ligands; however, the role of Siglec-9 and sSiglec-9 in the pathogenesis COPD remain largely unknown...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836308/siglec-h-is-a-microglia-specific-marker-that-discriminates-microglia-from-cns-associated-macrophages-and-cns-infiltrating-monocytes
#14
Hiroyuki Konishi, Masaaki Kobayashi, Taikan Kunisawa, Kenta Imai, Akira Sayo, Bernard Malissen, Paul R Crocker, Katsuaki Sato, Hiroshi Kiyama
Several types of myeloid cell are resident in the CNS. In the steady state, microglia are present in the CNS parenchyma, whereas macrophages reside in boundary regions of the CNS, such as perivascular spaces, the meninges and choroid plexus. In addition, monocytes infiltrate into the CNS parenchyma from circulation upon blood-brain barrier breakdown after CNS injury and inflammation. Although several markers, such as CD11b and ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba1), are frequently used as microglial markers, they are also expressed by other types of myeloid cell and microglia-specific markers were not defined until recently...
August 24, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829594/cd22-ligands-on-a-natural-n-glycan-scaffold-efficiently-deliver-toxins-to-b-lymphoma-cells
#15
Wenjie Peng, James C Paulson
CD22 is a sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec) that is highly expressed on B-cells and B cell lymphomas, and is a validated target for antibody and nanoparticle based therapeutics. However, cell targeted therapeutics are limited by their complexity, heterogeneity, and difficulties in production. We describe here a chemically defined natural N-linked glycan scaffold that displays high affinity CD22 glycan ligands and outcompetes the natural ligand for the receptor, resulting in single molecule binding to CD22 and endocytosis into cells...
August 31, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829050/tamm-horsfall-glycoprotein-engages-human-siglec-9-to-modulate-neutrophil-activation-in-the-urinary-tract
#16
Kathryn A Patras, Alison Coady, Joshua Olson, Syed Raza Ali, Satish P RamachandraRao, Satish Kumar, Ajit Varki, Victor Nizet
Urinary tract infections are a major problem in human medicine for which better understanding of native immune defenses may reveal new pathways for therapeutic intervention. Tamm-Horsfall glycoprotein (THP), the most abundant urinary protein, interacts with bacteria including uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) as well host immune cells. In addition to its well-studied functions to antagonize bacterial colonization, we hypothesize that THP serves a critical host defense function through innate immune modulation...
August 22, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819186/cd24-induces-changes-to-the-surface-receptors-of-b-cell-microvesicles-with-variable-effects-on-their-rna-and-protein-cargo
#17
D Craig Ayre, Ian C Chute, Andrew P Joy, David A Barnett, Andrew M Hogan, Marc P Grüll, Lourdes Peña-Castillo, Andrew S Lang, Stephen M Lewis, Sherri L Christian
The CD24 cell surface receptor promotes apoptosis in developing B cells, and we recently found that it induces B cells to release plasma membrane-derived, CD24-bearing microvesicles (MVs). Here we have performed a systematic characterization of B cell MVs released from WEHI-231 B lymphoma cells in response to CD24 stimulation. We found that B cells constitutively release MVs of approximately 120 nm, and that CD24 induces an increase in phosphatidylserine-positive MV release. RNA cargo is predominantly comprised of 5S rRNA, regardless of stimulation; however, CD24 causes a decrease in the incorporation of protein coding transcripts...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815218/capturing-the-systemic-immune-signature-of-a-norovirus-infection-an-n-of-1-case-study-within-a-clinical-trial
#18
Antony J Cutler, Joao Oliveira, Ricardo C Ferreira, Ben Challis, Neil M Walker, Sarah Caddy, Jia Lu, Helen E Stevens, Deborah J Smyth, Marcin L Pekalski, Jane Kennet, Kara M D Hunter, Ian Goodfellow, Linda S Wicker, John A Todd, Frank Waldron-Lynch
BACKGROUND:  The infection of a participant with norovirus during the adaptive study of interleukin-2 dose on regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes (DILT1D) allowed a detailed insight into the cellular and cytokine immune responses to this prevalent gastrointestinal pathogen. METHODS:  Serial blood, serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples were collected pre-, and post-development of the infection. To differentiate between the immune response to norovirus and to control for the administration of a single dose of aldesleukin (recombinant interleukin-2, rIL-2) alone, samples from five non-infected participants administered similar doses were analysed in parallel...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810810/reduced-expression-of-siglec-7-nkg2a-and-cd57-on-terminally-differentiated-cd56-cd16-nk-cell-subset-is-associated-with-nk-cell-dysfunction-in-chronic-hiv-1-clade-c-infection
#19
Michael Zulu, Kewreshini Naidoo, Zenele Mncube, Manjeetha Jaggernath, Philip Jr Goulder, Thumbi Ndung'u, Marcus Altfeld, Christina Fanesa Thobakgale
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 viremia has been shown to induce several phenotypic and functional abnormalities in natural killer (NK) cells. To assess immune defects associated with HIV viremia, we examined NK cell function, differentiation status and phenotypic alterations based on expression of inhibitory and activating receptors on NK cells in HIV-1 subtype C chronically infected participants from Durban, South Africa. METHODS: NK cell phenotypic profiles were characterized by assessing Siglec-7, NKG2A and NKG2C markers on frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from viremic, antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve HIV-1 chronically infected participants (n=23), HIV-1 chronically infected participants who have been on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for at least 12 months (n=23) compared to healthy donors (n=23)...
August 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791015/influence-of-irradiated-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-on-both-ex-vivo-proliferation-of-human-natural-killer-cells-and-change-in-cellular-property
#20
María Delso-Vallejo, Jutta Kollet, Ulrike Koehl, Volker Huppert
Clinical studies with adoptive immunotherapy using allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells showed feasibility, but also limitation regarding the transfused absolute cell numbers. First promising results with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as feeder cells to improve the final cell number need further optimization and investigation of the unknown controlling mechanism in the cross-talk to NK cells. We investigated the influence of irradiated autologous PBMCs to boost NK cell proliferation in the presence of OKT3 and IL-2...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
75205
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"