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Intestinal fistula

Yuichiro Kizaki, Tomonori Nagai, Ken Ohara, Yosuke Gomi, Taichi Akahori, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saito, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
BACKGROUND: While ovarian mature cystic teratomas are benign ovarian germ-cell tumors and the most common type of all ovarian tumors, the formation of fistulas into surrounding organs such as the bladder and the intestinal tract is extremely rare. This report documents a case of ovarian mature cystic teratoma with a rectal fistula, thought to be caused by local inflammation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A pelvic mass was diagnosed as an ovarian mature cystic teratoma of approximately 10 cm in diameter on transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance examinations...
2016: SpringerPlus
Y Wang, Y S Meng, Y Fan, C Chen, W Yu, H Hao, W K Han, J R Hao, J Jin, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether chewing gum during the postoperative period facilitates the recovery of bowel function in patients after radical cystectomy with ileum urinary diversion. METHODS: In the study, 60 patients who underwent radical cystectomy followed by ileum urinary diversions during Nov. 2014 and Nov. 2015 in Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital were randomized into three groups: gum chewing group, placebo group treated with the abdomen physical therapy machine and control group treated with ordinary method...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Munetaka Hashimoto, Hitoshi Goto, Daijirou Akamatsu, Takuya Shimizu, Ken Tsuchida, Keiichiro Kawamura, Yuta Tajima, Michihisa Umetsu
Objectives: The optimal surgical management for secondary aorto-enteric fistula (sAEF) is controversial. Here, we report the long-term outcomes of a surgical treatment with in situ graft reconstruction for sAEF that was performed at our hospital. Methods: Between 2009 and 2012, 10 consecutive patients (8 males, 2 females, mean age 75.9 years) with sAEF were surgically treated with in situ graft reconstruction. Perioperative and long-term outcomes were reviewed retrospectively by medical records. Results: Clinical manifestations, including gastrointestinal bleeding, shock, sepsis, and back and abdominal pain, were observed during the treatment of the patients...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Xiao-Li Wu, Ren-Pin Chen, Li-Ping Tao, Jian-Sheng Wu, Xiang-Rong Chen, Wei-Chang Chen
Aim. This study was performed to evaluate the additional enteral nutrition (EN) in the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) compared with the conventional therapy in managing Crohn's disease (CD) complicated with intestinal fistulas. Methods. A total of 42 CD with intestinal fistulas were randomly divided into infliximab treatment group (n = 20) and conventional therapy group (n = 22). We evaluated the laboratory indexes, Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI), Crohn's disease simplified endoscopic score (SES-CD), and healing of fistula in the two groups before treatment, at 14 weeks, and at 30 weeks, respectively...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Ri-Xing Bai, Wen-Mao Yan, You-Guo Li, Jun Xu, Zhi-Qiang Zhong, Ming Yan
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of side-to-side anastomosis of the lesser curvature of stomach and jejunum in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). METHODS: Seventy-seven patients received side-to-side anastomosis of the lesser curvature of stomach and jejunum by utilization of linear stapler in LRYGB from April 2012 to July 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: All patients were successfully completed laparoscopic gastric bypass with the side-to-side anastomosis of the lesser curvature of stomach and jejunum...
October 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Maki Miyakawa, Hiroki Tanaka, Masaki Yamashita, Ryosuke Sakemi, Masanao Nasuno, Manabu Ishii, Hideyuki Yanagisawa, Shin Ichihara, Hiroko Gotoda, Satoshi Motoya
A 19-year-old male with diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels was admitted to our hospital. Endoscopic examination and small intestinal contrast radiography revealed multiple longitudinal ulcers in the large intestine and ileum. A specimen biopsied from one of these ulcers revealed non-caseating epithelioid cell granuloma. He also had a draining anal fistula. Plain chest computed tomography (CT) and abdominal contrast-enhanced CT did not reveal any vascular abnormality...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Aluisio Stoll, Leandro Rosin, Mariana Fernandes Dias, Bruna Marquiotti, Giovana Gugelmin, Gabriela Fanezzi Stoll
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most common bariatric surgery and leads to considerable weight loss in the first months. Aim: To quantify the main early postoperative complications in patients submitted to the gastric bypass. Method: Observational retrospective cohort. Data of 1051 patients with class II obesity associated with comorbidities or class III obesity submitted to the gastric bypass with 30 days of follow-up starting from the date of the surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Mark-Bram Bouman, Marlon E Buncamper, Wouter B van der Sluis, Wilhelmus J H J Meijerink
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate step by step our technique for total laparoscopic sigmoid vaginoplasty. DESIGN: Surgical video tutorial. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): Transgender women with penile hypoplasia or with a failed primary vaginoplasty and biological women with either acquired or congenital absence of a functional vagina. INTERVENTION(S): An original technique for total laparoscopic sigmoid vaginoplasty is shown on video...
September 22, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Gavish K Awotar, Fuwen Luo, Zhengdong Zhao, Guoxin Guan, Shili Ning, Jinshuai Ren, Yaqing Liu, Guangzhi Wang, Pixu Liu
BACKGROUND: The cancer of the splenic flexure of the colon is a rare medical entity with severe morbidity because of its insidious onset. METHODS: We present the case of a 59-year-old male patient with dull left upper quadrant pain, leukocytosis, and anemia. A splenic abscess described as an air-fluid level with splenocolic fistula was found on CT scan imaging. Surgery was done for splenic pus drainage. He was again admitted 2 months later for intestinal obstruction...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hyun Jin Kim, Seak Hee Oh, Dae Yeon Kim, Ho-Su Lee, Sang Hyoung Park, Suk-Kyun Yang, Kyung Mo Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although paediatric Crohn's disease [CD] has a different phenotype and clinical course to adult CD, its clinical features and surgical risks are poorly defined, especially in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and long-term outcomes of paediatric CD in a Korean population. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 594 patients who were younger than 18 years of age at CD diagnosis between 1987 and 2013...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Marcelo A F Ribeiro Junior, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques de Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel Neto, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
AIM: To compare the 3 main techniques of temporary closure of the abdominal cavity, vacuum assisted closure (vacuum-assisted closure therapy - VAC), Bogota bag and Barker technique, in damage control surgery. METHODS: After systematic review of the literature, 33 articles were selected to compare the efficiency of the three procedures. Criteria such as cost, infections, capacity of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, diseases associated with the technique, among others were analyzed...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Ho-Su Lee, Jaewon Choe, Seon-Ok Kim, Sun-Ho Lee, Hyo Jeong Lee, Hyungil Seo, Gwang-Un Kim, Myeongsook Seo, Eun Mi Song, Sung Wook Hwang, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Yong Sik Yoon, Chang Sik Yu, Jin-Ho Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Limited data are available regarding mortality from inflammatory bowel disease in non-Caucasian populations. Herein, we evaluated overall and cause-specific mortality in a hospital-based cohort of Korean inflammatory bowel disease patients. METHODS: We determined mortality in 2,414 Crohn's disease patients and 2,798 ulcerative colitis patients diagnosed between 1977 and 2013. Standardized mortality ratios were calculated in several demographic and phenotypic subgroups...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Antonella Gallo, Gianluca Ianiro, Massimo Montalto, Giovanni Cammarota
Diverticulosis of the colon is a common condition in western countries. Acute diverticulitis may occur in 10% to 25% of the patients, sometimes associated with the presence of complications such as abscess, fistula, and perforation. Early diagnosis and accurate assessment of acute diverticulitis are necessary to start an efficacious treatment promptly, either conservatively or by surgery. The clinical picture may mimic other abdominal conditions; therefore, imaging techniques such as ultrasound or computed tomography are usually recommended, although they are expensive, examiner dependent, and potentially harmful...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Lorena Brandariz Gil, Tamara Fernández de Miguel, José Perea
Gallstone ileus is an exceptional complication among billiary diseases. It is defined as an intestinal obstruction caused by a gallstone as it passes through a bilio-digestive fistula. This is disease with high morbi-mortality, and whose main contributing factors are the advanced age of the patients, comorbidities and the delayed diagnosis. Most of the times, it is a postoperative diagnosis and a high clinical suspicion is essential for an early diagnosis. In patients with gallstone ileus the abdominal X-ray is frequently nonspecific and to observe a complete Rigler triad is exceptional...
September 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
E Minga Lowampa, Ch Holemans, L Stiennon, H Van Damme, J O Defraigne
OBJECTIVE: Initial enthusiasm for use of cryopreserved arterial allografts was subsequently tempered by suboptimal long-term outcome. Thrombosis, anastomotic pseudo-aneurysm, allograft disruption, aneurysmal degeneration, recurrent intestinal fistulization, and persistent infection are commonly reported in series with long-term follow-up. The authors reviewed their experience over the past 15 years with the use of cryopreserved arterial allografts as a vascular substitute for vascular prosthetic infection or for primary arterial infection, to investigate allograft-related complications...
September 7, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Mary Tao, Eran Shlomovitz, Gail Darling, Graham Roche-Nagle
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms is an accepted alternative to open surgery, especially in patients with significant comorbidities. The procedure itself has a low risk of complications and fistulas to surrounding organs are rarely reported. An 86-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital with gastro intestinal (GI) bleeding and a suspected aortoesophageal fistula. Eight months prior, the patient had undergone a stent graft repair of a mycotic thoracic aneurysm. Computerized tomography angiography and upper GI endoscopy confirmed an aortoesophageal fistula, which was treated by esophageal stenting...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Eder Alejandro Sánchez-Pérez, Sinuhé Álvarez-Álvarez, Marco Antonio Madrigal-Téllez, Gabriela Elaine Gutiérrez-Uvalle, Jorge Enrique Ramírez-Velásquez, Luis Mauricio Hurtado-López
BACKGROUND: Gallstone ileus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction (1-4%). It results from the migration of a gallstone through a bilio-enteric fistula. Treatment begins with fluid therapy, followed by enterolithotomy, fistula closure, and cholecystectomy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical presentation in patients with gallstone ileus and subsequent medical -surgical management outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational, descriptive and transversal study was conducted on patients diagnosed with intestinal obstruction secondary to a gallstone ileus from May 2013 to October 2014...
August 23, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Laurence Goffin, Stefania Fagagnini, Alain Vicari, Céline Mamie, Hassan Melhem, Bruce Weder, Christian Lutz, Silvia Lang, Michael Scharl, Gerhard Rogler, Yolande Chvatchko, Martin Hausmann
BACKGROUND: Despite medical treatments or surgical options, more than one-third of patients with Crohn's disease suffer from recurring fistulae. Matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP-9), a type IV collagenase that cleaves components of the extracellular matrix leading to tissue remodeling, is upregulated in crypt abscesses and around fistulae suggesting an important role for this enzyme in fistula formation. Our aims were (1) to correlate serum levels of MMP-9 degradation products in patients with CD with the presence of fistulae and (2) to investigate the impact of selective MMP-9 inhibition in a mouse model of intestinal fibrosis...
September 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Michael Scharl, Ramona S Bruckner, Gerhard Rogler
Fistulas and fibrosis or strictures represent frequent complications in irritable bowel disease (IBD) patients. To date, treatment options for fistulas are limited and surgery is often required. Similarly, no preventive treatment for fibrosis and stricture formation has been established. Frequently, stricture formation and fibrosis precede fistula formation, indicating that both processes may be connected or interrelated. Knowledge about the pathology of both processes is limited. A crucial role for the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in fistula development has been demonstrated...
August 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
C D Brandi, S Roche, S Bertone, M E Fratantoni
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) developed after elective incisional hernia (IH) repair using intraperitoneal uncoated polypropylene (PPE) mesh. METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive study of a prospective cohort of patients undergoing elective IH repair using intraperitoneal uncoated PPE mesh at the Department of General Surgery of a high complexity University Hospital. RESULTS: Between January 1992 and December 2013, 695 IH repairs were performed using intraperitoneal uncoated PPE mesh...
August 13, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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