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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647717/a-large-choledochocystolithiasis-mimicking-mirizzi-syndrome
#1
Mustafa Belal Hafeez Chaudhry, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Om Parkash
An 18-year-old man presented with spontaneous severe epigastric pain, progressing and radiating to back since 3 days. It was associated with epigastric tenderness, bilious vomiting and jaundice. He had been intermittently experiencing these symptoms for the last 1 year. No known comorbid. Ultrasound showed a poorly visualised heterogeneous focus at porta hepatis; considering poor visualisation, this might represent an enlarged calcified lymph node or cystic duct calculus causing extrinsic compression or a large sludge ball within the common bile duct (CBD), leading to dilatation of common hepatic duct and intrahepatic biliary system...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645679/percutaneous-management-of-benign-biliary-disorders-in-children
#2
G Kahriman, N Ozcan, S B Gorkem
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to analyze the outcomes of percutaneous transhepatic management of benign biliary disorders in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 11 pediatric patients who underwent percutaneous transhepatic biliary interventional procedures between September 2007 and December 2016. There were 3 males and 8 females with a mean age of 9.6±5.4 (SD)years (range: 2-17years). Technical details, complications and outcome of the procedures were evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631647/intrahepatic-biliary-cystadenoma-with-ciliary-metaplasia-report-of-a-rare-morphological-variant
#3
Gaurav Khanna, Pragya Sharma, K S Madhusudhan, Adarsh Barwad, Piyush Ranjan, Biplab Mishra, Prasenjit Das
Histological diagnosis of biliary cystadenoma is based on the type of epithelial cells lining the cyst and radiological features. The cyst-lining cells are not usually ciliated. We herein report a very rare example of an intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma with ciliated epithelial lining, which had taken us away from this diagnosis toward an intrahepatic foregut duplication cyst. Radiologically, also the lesion was deceptive, and a possibility of hydatid cyst was considered. However, immunohistochemical workup finally led us to this diagnosis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626977/magnetic-compression-anastomosis-for-postoperative-biliary-atresia
#4
Rei Matsuura, Takehisa Ueno, Yuko Tazuke, Natsumi Tanaka, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Yuichi Takama, Kengo Nakahata, Taku Yamamichi, Noboru Maeda, Keigo Osuga, Eigoro Yamanouchi, Hiroomi Okuyama
We report a case of successful magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) for obstructed cyst-jejunostomy in a young woman who had undergone surgery for type 1 biliary atresia (BA) on day 78 of life. A 16-year-old girl was admitted with obstructive jaundice. Jaundice resolved with percutaneous trans-hepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD) but contrast medium injected from the PTCD tube did not flow through the anastomosis. Magnets were placed on each side of the anastomosis, in the cyst and the jejunum, to compress the partition...
June 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619080/the-management-of-a-cystic-hepatic-lesion-ruptured-in-the-bile-ducts-a-case-report
#5
Hicham Baba, Mohamed Said Belhamidi, Mohammed El Fahssi, Jihad El Ghanmi, Aziz Zentar
BACKGROUND: Hepatic cystadenoma is a rare benign cystic tumor; it tends to recur after incomplete surgical resection and has malignant potential. We report the case of a patient with a ruptured biliary cystadenoma in the common bile duct that caused diagnostic and therapeutic problems. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34-year-old North African woman, admitted for angiocholitis, was operated 2 months before for a hepatic cystic lesion taken for a hydatid cyst compressing her common bile duct...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597682/a-bronchobiliary-fistula-due-to-giant-hydatid-cyst
#6
Marcello Di Martino, Claudio Laganá, Jesús Delgado Valdueza, Elena Martín-Pérez
Intrathoracic rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver is a rare but severe complication of echinococcal disease. It represent a serious condition responsible for lesions at 3 levels: hepatic, diaphragmatic, and pulmonary. Early diagnosis and management of septic associated complications are essential. We present the case of a 55 year old female patient with a giant hydatid cyst type CE 2 based on WHO Classification, communicating with the biliary tree and with a massive extension to the right hemithorax.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589237/choledochal-malformation-in-children-lessons-learned-from-a-dutch-national-study
#7
Maria H A van den Eijnden, Ruben H J de Kleine, Ivo de Blaauw, Paul G J M Peeters, Bart P G Koot, Matthijs W N Oomen, Cornelius E J Sloots, W G van Gemert, David C van der Zee, L W E van Heurn, Henkjan J Verkade, Jim C H Wilde, Jan B F Hulscher
INTRODUCTION: A choledochal malformation (CM) is a rare entity, especially in the Western world. We aimed to determine the incidence of CM in the Netherlands and the outcome of surgery for CM in childhood. METHODS: All pediatric patients who underwent a surgical procedure for type I-IV CM between 1989 and 2014 were entered into the Netherlands Study group on choledochal cyst/malformation. Patients with type V CM were excluded from the present analysis. Symptoms, surgical details, short-term (<30 days) and long-term (>30 days) complications were studied retrospectively...
June 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523061/duel-stage-treatment-for-biliary-cysts-with-cholangitis-during-pregnancy
#8
Baoxing Jia, Ludong Tan, Zhe Jin, Yahui Liu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Biliary cysts in pregnant women are a complex medical issue, especially when complicated with cholangitis. It is a serious and life-threatening diagnosis that can seriously endanger both the expectant mother and the fetus. However, during pregnancy, surgical treatment would lead to further complications and higher fetal mortality. Here, we propose a novel therapeutic approach that would be safe for both mother and child during pregnancy, with a definitive treatment postponed until after delivery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515578/imaging-in-ductal-plate-malformations
#9
Binit Sureka, Archana Rastogi, Chhagan Bihari, Kishore G S Bharathy, Vikrant Sood, Seema Alam
Ductal plate malformations are a heterogenous group of congenital fibrocystic liver diseases resulting from insult to the ductal plate at various stages of embryogenesis. As a result various biliary malformations, cysts, hamartomas and congenital hepatic fibrosis may be seen. We present a radiological pictorial of ductal plate malformations, accurate diagnosis of which is important for clinical management.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508685/primary-epidermoid-cyst-of-biliary-duct-presenting-as-choledochal-cyst
#10
Dong Hyang Kwon, Lynt B Johnson, Metin Ozdemirli
Choledochal cyst is a cystic dilation of the biliary tree that can increase the risk of malignancy in bile ducts and the gallbladder. These are usually lined by bile duct epithelium, which may undergo intestinal and squamous metaplasia. This is the first report of clinically diagnosed type II choledochal cyst that is entirely lined by metaplastic stratified squamous epithelium, unlike most other cysts, which are histologically lined by bile duct epithelium. This observation can potentially explain the underlying pathogenic mechanism of rare reports of squamous cell carcinomas arising in bile duct systems...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503283/cryptogenic-hepatitis-simulating-cyst-rupture-and-hydatid-jaundice-in-a-patient-with-preexisting-asymptomatic-hydatid-cyst
#11
Ulas Aday, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Murat Kapan
BACKGROUND: Rupture into the biliary ducts is the most frequent complication of hydatid liver disease. In endemic areas of Echinococcus granulosus, development of jaundice in a patient with liver cyst is initially suspected to have hydatid cyst. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48 year-old woman with history of asymptomatic hydatid liver cysts was admitted to the emergency department with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, increased levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase and the initial clinical diagnosis was the hydatid cyst rupture into the bile ducts...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502372/early-onset-acute-recurrent-and-chronic-pancreatitis-is-associated-with-prss1-or-ctrc-gene-mutations
#12
Matthew J Giefer, Mark E Lowe, Steven L Werlin, Bridget Zimmerman, Michael Wilschanski, David Troendle, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, John F Pohl, Joseph Palermo, Chee Y Ooi, Veronique D Morinville, Tom K Lin, Sohail Z Husain, Ryan Himes, Melvin B Heyman, Tanja Gonska, Cheryl E Gariepy, Steven D Freedman, Douglas S Fishman, Melena D Bellin, Bradley Barth, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Aliye Uc
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the age of onset was associated with unique features or disease course in pediatric acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) or chronic pancreatitis (CP). STUDY DESIGN: Demographic and clinical information on children with ARP or CP was collected at INSPPIRE (INternational Study Group of Pediatric Pancreatitis: In Search for a CuRE) centers. The Cochran-Armitage trend test and Jonckheere-Terpstra test were used to examine for differences between pediatric age groups (<6, 6-11, and ≥12 years)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480730/choledochocele-as-an-atypical-cause-of-relapsing-acute-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-endoscopic-treatment
#13
Cristina Saldaña Dueñas, Juan José Vila Costa, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
The choledochocele is a cystic dilatation of the intraduodenal portion of the bile duct and corresponds to the type III biliary cysts in the Todani ´s classification. Eventhough the majority of patients remain asymptomatic they can be an atypical cause of abdominal pain or relapsing acute pancreatitis events. The risk of malignancy is lower than other choledochal cyst (<2,5%). The treatment is based on surgical or new endoscopic techniques of resection. In some of the cases an endoscopic sphincterotomy is the first approach...
May 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468559/pediatric-mesenchymal-hamartomas-of-the-liver-can-show-both-foregut-and-hindgut-phenotype
#14
Hao Wu, William Ferguson, Eumenia Castro, Milton Finegold, Kalyani Patel
Cystic epithelium in mesenchymal hamartoma (MH) is typically biliary type. Mucinous differentiation of the epithelium and increased hepatocellular component may pose a diagnostic challenge. We studied MH in 7 children (6 M, 1 F; age 4 months to 8 years, median 1 year). Resected tumors varied from 3.0 to 17.0 cm. All tumors showed biliary epithelium in the cystic component with strong and diffuse reactivity for CK7 and CK19. Expression of CK20 and CDX2 was additionally seen in 2 tumors, rare/focal in 1, and diffuse with mucinous differentiation in the other...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458830/duplicated-common-bile-duct-a-recipe-for-biliary-injury-report-of-a-new-variant
#15
Nabil M Nuamah, Cem Ibis, Ali F K Gok, Feza Ekiz, Bulent Acunas
Duplicated common bile duct, often associated with conditions like lithiasis, biliary cysts and pancreatobiliary maljunction, could result in highly morbid and potentially fatal biliary injuries. Precise preoperative diagnosis and classification still remain a challenge. A female patient undergoing emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute calculous cholecystitis sustained iatrogenic bile duct injury. A drainage tube was placed into the injured duct for post-operative conservative management. Post-operative tube cholangiogram revealed a double common bile duct with cystic duct opening distally...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445267/different-clinical-presentations-of-choledochal-cyst-among-infants-and-older-children-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Davoud Badebarin, Saeid Aslanabadi, Amir Teimouri-Dereshki, Masoud Jamshidi, Tuba Tarverdizadeh, Kaveh Shad, Kamyar Ghabili, Ghazal Khajir
Choledochal cyst is a rare and often benign congenital cystic dilation throughout the biliary tree. Due to the benign nature of choledochal cyst among early-diagnosed patients, the clinical assumption and diagnosis seem to be of utmost significance. Therefore, we sought to assess different clinical manifestations of choledochal cyst and relevant laboratory findings in infants and older children.Retrospectively, medical records of all patients with the diagnosis of choledochal cyst between 2005 and 2015 were reviewed...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438089/feline-biliary-tree-and-gallbladder-disease
#17
Corma Ma Otte, Louis C Penning, Jan Rothuizen
Practical relevance Diseases of the biliary tree and gallbladder are more common in cats than diseases of the liver parenchyma. The parenchyma is usually affected secondarily to systemic illnesses, while the biliary system is the prime target for infectious agents (eg, bacteria and flukes) and non-infectious conditions (eg, neoplasia and cysts). Clinical approaches Cats with biliary disease are evaluated because of common feline clinical signs such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting and lethargy. Icterus may or may not be obvious...
May 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429278/-trans-hepatico-cystic-coledochostomy-for-the-opening-hydatid-cyst-in-the-biliary-tract-indications-and-outcome-evaluation-of-25-cases
#18
S Daldoul, G H El Kebir, I Messoudi, A Mabrouk, M Tahar Bouzidi, M Ben Moussa
The treatment of hydatid cysts of the liver opened in the bile ducts is sometimes difficult and complex. The trans-hepaticocystic coledochostomy (CTHK) is one of these processes. We conducted a review of the indications for this surgical procedure and its perioperative outcomes through a series of 25 patients and then we analyzed predictor factors of complications. During the period's study, 909 patients with liver hydatid cyst went under the surgery. Ninety two (92, i.e. 10.1%) of them had an opening in the bile ducts through a large fistula...
April 20, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424862/laparoscopic-management-of-choledochal-cysts-is-a-keyhole-view-missing-the-big-picture
#19
REVIEW
Mark D Stringer
In recent years, numerous articles have promoted laparoscopic surgical treatment of choledochal cysts in children. Most of these reports assert that laparoscopic excision and biliary reconstruction are as safe as open surgery and achieve equivalent or better results. However, these conclusions are based on retrospective analyses with median follow-up periods that rarely exceed 5 years. Closer scrutiny of the laparoscopic literature indicates that the optimum procedure for treating type I and most type IVa choledochal cysts, namely radical excision of the extrahepatic bile ducts and reconstruction by wide hilar hepaticoenterostomy, preferably hepaticojejunostomy, is not being carried out in most cases...
June 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410789/duodenogastric-regurgitation-in-hepaticoduodenostomy-after-excision-of-congenital-biliary-dilatation-choledochal-cyst
#20
Yoshinori Hamada, Hiroshi Hamada, Takeshi Shirai, Yusuke Nakamura, Tatsuma Sakaguchi, Hiroaki Yanagimoto, Kentaro Inoue, Masanori Kon
PURPOSE: We examined the clinical significance of duodenogastric regurgitation (DGR) as a late complication in the long-term follow-up after hepaticoduodenostomy (HD) as a reconstruction surgery for congenital biliary dilatation (CBD). METHODS: Seventeen patients with CBD were retrospectively analyzed for late complications (mean follow-up, 16.8 years). All patients had undergone total resection of the extrahepatic bile duct followed by HD. DGR was identified using endoscopic examination, intraluminal bile monitoring, and liver scanning...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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